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VOL. LIV No. 121 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 16. 1944
PRICE FIVE CE:I' S
Russians Smash Nazi
Defenses at Sevastopol;
Wewak Airfield Hit
In Fifth Army Raid;
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, April 16,
Sunday-Three thousand Japanese
have been killed in the Admiralty
Islands since the American First
Cavalry Division landed there in an
invasion operation Feb. 29, headquar-
ters announced today.
The dismounted cavalrymen, part
of Lt.-Gen. Walter Krueger's Sixth
Army, piled up mounds of enemy
dead in capturing and holding Mo-
mote airdrome on Los Negros Island,
and then moved eastward to Loren-
gau Island in the Admiralty group
to take Lorengau airdrome and the
township, also against stiff opposi-
tion. Both airdromes are now in use,
part of the Southwest Pacific aerial
setup in attacks on other Japanese
Gen. Douglas MacArthur's com-
munique today told of another Fifth
Army Air Force raid Thursday on
the Japanese base at Wewak, on the
northern New Guinea coast, where
five grounded enemy planes were
Adverse weather conditions kept
most of the hard-hitting Allied air
units on the ground, but some bomb-
ers from the Solomon Islands bases
got througheto continue their ham-
mering of the enemy bases at Rabaul,
New Britain and Kavieng, New Ire-
The bombers dropped 25 tons of
explosives at Kavieng, hitting the
airdrome and personnel areas. Allied
air patrols also attacked targets near
Namatanai, another airdrome near
Kavieng, where two of the Allied
planes were shot down and others
were damaged by anti-aircraft fire.
Occupation of Bogadjim on Astro-
labe Bay left a group of enemy
soldiers pocketed inland, behind the
Australians and a column of Ameri-
cans who moved up the coast from
Saidor to make a juncture with the
Monday Is Set
After four postponements, the re-
trial of William Padgett for the fatal
shooting of Patrolman Clifford Stang
in a clothing store robbery eight
years ago will get underway at 9:30
a.m. Monday in the Circuit Court
room under the gavel of Wayne
County Circuit Judge James E. Che-
Padgett was first tried for the slay-
ing in 1936 and was found guilty of
first degree murder in the Washte-
naw County Circuit Court. Judge
George W. Sample sentenced him to
life imprisonment and Padgett was
placed in Jackson State Prison.
Padgett appealed the verdict to the
State Supreme Court and succeeded
in obtaining a retrial on the grounds
that Judge Sample had influenced
the jury in commenting on the testi-I
mony. - I
Prosecuting Attorney Francis W.
Kamman and special prosecutor Al-
bert J. Rapp will handle the case for
the state while Detroit Attorney Wal-
ter Nelson will be Padgett's attorney.
Residents Meet To
Map Legal Course
Willow Run residents will meet
tonight to map a definite course of1
action for obtaining a special elec-
tion on the question of incorporatingI
the Willow Run housing develop-
ments as a village.
The Washtenaw County Board of'
Supervisors has refused to call a
special election, after a report, filed
Deaths in Admiralty
Forces Four Miles
From Key Citadel
SINGING SOPHOMORE DEWEY-New York's Governor, is here pic- gienist of University Health Service;. Howard Ramsey of East Lansing,
ured with three other members of the Four Michs Quartet, which tour- Dewey, and Herbert P. Wagner, '21, chief accountant of the University.
ed Michigan in the Michigan Union Opera "Top O' the Morning," in Mr. Berridge stated, "I remember to this day, Mr. Dewey in his silk
19L Left to right are;: Lloyd W. Berridge, '21, assistant mental hy- hat, Irish knee britches, white stockings and buckle shoes."
-Photo Courtesy Michigan Union
*** * *
$64 QUESTION--BARITONE OR BARRISTER?
Tom Dewey~ inored Politics at.Michig
i 011lei 10 aSn101R1
Final Variety Show
Plans To Be Made
Final plans for a modified Vic-
tory Varieties to be given Satur-
day will be made at a meeting of
the Victory Varieties Committee
at 3 p.m. today.
The committee will conclude
arrangements for the evening,
which will include the Coca-Cola
Spotlight Band broadcast featur-
ing Eddy Howard and his orches-
tra and decide whether the pro-
gram will be held in Hill Audi-
torium or in. the IM Building,
where it would be followed by an
The program, which will be free
of charge, to Army, " Navy and
Marine trainees stationed on cam-
pus, was finally approved by Re-
gent Edmund C. Shields Thursday.
Regent Shields had originally
voiced objections to the program.
Committee members-will be no-
tified where the meeting will be
U. S. Air Forces
In 2,000 Plane Raid
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NA-
PLES, April 15.-American Flying
Fortresses streaking from Italy to
within 150 miles of the Russian-Ger-
man front heavily attacked the big
Romanian oil center of Ploesti and
sister Liberators blasted targets in
the Romanian capital city of Bu-
charest today in twin blows directly
supporting the Red Army.
Taking into the second week the
great Allied two-way aerial offen-
sive against Axis Europe, the 15th
Air Force heavies went out "in great
strength" to hit these two strategic
targets 35 miles apart playing a vital
role in the supplying the Axis armies
trying to kep the Russians out of
The Germans sent up an unusually
strong fighter force to protect these
targets, but the Americans were
ready with a three-team relay fight-
er escort, one group going to the tar-
get with the bombers, another pro-
tecting them over the targets and a
third escorting them back.
S peak T oday
Maurice Samuel, well known auth-
or, lecturer and commentator on Jew-
ish affairs, will speak on "Jewry in
the World of Tomorrow" at 3 p.m.
today in the Rackham Amphitheatre,
By NEVA NEGREVSKI
The nation's number one political enigma, Thomas Edmund Dewey,
took his key for later life from the atmosphere of the University of Michigan
of '19 to '23-a university characterized by easy life, few students and con-
He first entered the University in the fall of 1919 as a serious young
man gifted with a "pretty face" and wearing shirts with tight collars and
Newly arrived from his home town, Owosso, he enrolled as one of
9,000students. The enrollment showed a noticeable increase to 10,643
the following year.
He entered the literary college bewildered as any freshman caught in
the midst of a conflict-he couldn't decide whether to pursue music or law.
His college days found him dabbling 'in both.
He entered the study of voice under the tutelage of Dr. William Wheeler.
then a School of Music faculty member, and took an active role in musical
affairs. It was rumored then-1921--that a Mimes Opera production was
not complete unless it had "young Tom" in the cast.
In that year Dewey appeared as a bold, bad conspirator in the
opera "Ton O' the Morning." In the play he was a member of the Four
Miehs who continually plotted in an attempt to put Dewey, their hero,
on some kind of throne with a king's title.
"Unfortunately, Dewey did not capture the throne," one of his former
cast members commented. "He didn't get the throne then, but it looks like
he hasn't stopped trying."
"I remember to this day Mr. Dewey in his silk hat. Irish knee breeches,
white stockings and his buckle shoes," (note picture) Lloyd W. Berridge, a
member of the Four Michs and now mental Hygienist at the Health Service,
With his million dollar smile, he charmed the auciences, he added.
From University re(brds it has been determined that Dewey maintained
approximately a B average-at times going higher and at other times going
"Although Mr. Dewey was a fairly good student in my class," com-
mented Dr. Edward S. Everett of the English Department, "I did not
foresee any future greatness in store for him. I certainly did not antici-
pate the possibility of his becoming President of the United States,"
Dewey studied on a campus which had just seen the erection of the
present general library and while the Hospital was in the process of con-
rtruction, Angell Hall was still an architect's dream.
He studied on a campus that saw a heated fight aiming to break down
the barrier between the sexes which arose out of a fight to stage the Junior
Girls Play before a mixed audience-when one professor didn't want
'.women and men students to work hand in hand and in thorough coopera-
tion with one another."
Dewey had the privilege of studying in the new library, the lighting of
which at that time was deplored as inadequate.
For relaxation in 1922 he had the opportunity of seeing Mary
Pickford in "Little Lord Fauntleroy" or Richard Dix in "Dangerous
While on campus Dewey was a member of Phi Mu Alpha, former
musical fraternity. New Yok's governor, his fraternity brothers say, was
rather quiet and reserved in school, took his studies more seriously than
"Tom, as I remember him, was confident, top sure of himself and very
assertive in his manner," George Earl. a fraternity brother of his and now
manager of a local shoe store, stated.
"At our parties, he wasn't a free, easy mixer and was not given to
a lot of fun," he added.
Herbert P. Wagner. Chief Accountant of the University and another
member of the Four Michs Quartette said that Dewey was "a rather affable
individual and wouldn't take a back seat for anybody."
"I am not surprised at Dewey's great success in public life," Dr. Charles
L. Sink, President of the Musical Society. said. "'ven when I knew him at
school. he possessed the qualities which make for greatness.
"At that time, he was quite undecided whether to go into singing or
into law," he continued. "He possessed a very good baritone voice and
his diction was splendid. When he sang, his face would light up and
he gave the impression that he enjoyed it."
Miss Mable Reed, Associate Professor in the School of Music, accom-
panied Dewey when he sang solos in the Methodist Church.
See TOM DEWEY, Page 8, Col. 5j
In Fierce Push
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 16, Sunday.-Rus-
sian troops smashing through Sevas-
topol's outer defenses yesterday cap-
tured points on a broad front only
three and one-half miles north of
that burning Crimean citadel, while
in old Poland another Red Army
crushed the 16,,000-man Axis garri-
son at Tarnopol on the southern in-
vasion route to Berlin after a three-
week siege, Moscow announced early
The fall.of Sevastopol appeared to
A midnight Soviet bulletin said
Soviet warships and planes were
sinking evacuation boats; thou-
sands of Germans and Romanians
were giving up without a fight; and
large groups of other enemy troops
were trapped in the mountains
along the southern coast east of
Alushta, which is 45 miles east of
The Russians also said units of the
10th German SS tank division had
"just arrived from France" to shore
up sagging Axis lines in former Po-
land. The late communique sai
these had been badly mauled by Rus-
sian troops attacking in an area 40
miles south of captured Tarnopol.
On widely-separated fronts, th
Russians said, staggering casualties
were inflicted on the Germans and
Romanians, whom Soviet front war
correspondents in recent days have
declared were showing increased
signs of apathy and demoralization,
evident by mass surrenders.
The Soviet high command gave
these totals arid summaries of the
Tarnopol-A total of 16,000 Ger-
mans, the entire garrison, was crush-
ed after a three-week siege of the ci-
ty 75 miles southeast of Lwow, the
next big Soviet objective which is
one of the largest rail junctions in
Europe. The remnants of four divi-
sions and other units all were killed,
except 2,400 who quit the fight.
To Talk Friday
Viscount Halifax, British Ambas-
sador to the United States, will ad-
dress approximately 500 honor stu-
dents at 11 a.m. Friday in Hill
Auditorium at the 21st annual Hon-
All University classes, with the
exception of clinics, will be dismissed
at 10:45 a.m., Friday to permit atten-
dance at the Convocation. The public
The Honors Convocation is held
every spring to recognize outstanding
scholastic achievements of students
at the University.
The Ambassador has served the
British Empire as 'Parliamentary
Undersecretary for the Colonies,
President of the Bureau of Educa-
tion, Minister of Agriculture and
Member of Parliament. As Lord
Irwin from 1926 to 1931, he held the
post of Viceroy for India. During the
days before the war, he was Secre-
tary of State for War and Foreign
Minister under Chamberlain. Since
1940 he has been the British Ambas-
sador at Washington.
MYDA To Discuss
The problems of post-war employ-
ment will be discussed at a meeting
of Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action at 7:45 p.m. Tuesday in the
John Lovett, president of the
Michigan Association of Manufac-
turers and a member of the Detroit
Chamber of Commerce, and Melvin
The World Watches While
U.S. Makes Up Its Mind
Rackham Awarded By JAMES D. WHITE
Associated Press Correspondent
Seven Decorations WASHINGTON, April 15.- The
eyes of the world will be glued to the'
The Associated Press reported yes- elections next November, no matter
terday that Lt. Edwin J. Rackham of who runs or wins.
Ann Arbor was awarded seven decor- The United States, strongest of
ations-the air medal and six clus- world powers, will be making up its
ters-somewhere in England, while mind.
tinctive and American things--at
the root of foreign uncertainty
First, we divide authority for for-
eign policy between Congress on the
one hand, and the president and the
State Department on the other.
Where this is true in foreign coun-
tries, there is a different system of
elections, which brings up the second
To Speak Here
Boston Pastor To Talk
To SRA at Rackham
The Nature of Protestant Ortho-
doxy" will be the subject of the first
Student Religious Association lecture
when Dr. Harold J. Ockenga speaks
at 8:15 p.m. Tuesday in Rackham
. ..to speak today
under the auspices of the B'nai B'rith
Lt. Marvin H. Decker, also of Ann
Consciously or otherwise, this