THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WJEDNESDAY, APRILL 12,19-44
- U.. .
, ityFrga e aiy
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON, April 11.-Despite the man-
power shortage and the daily drafting of thou-
sands of fathers, it remains a fact that the
weekly average of those receiving unemployment
benefits in the United States is around 100,000.
The 'latest figures available, for late February,
showed 103,954 unemployed and receiving bene-
fits from Social Security.
This figure is about double what it was last
November, when an average of 56,354 were
Edited and managed by students of therUniversity of
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NIGHT EDITOR: LOUISE COMINS
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by memberso f The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
GOP Needs Something
More Than Party Name
GOv John W. Bricker, the only presidential
candidate now touring the country on his own
behalf, makes nice, broad statements that, nat-
urally enough, picture the Republican party as
the world's only salvation.
For instance, on Monday he told a Spokane
audience that nothing would bring more encour-
agement to business, labor, "the boys on the
battlefronts," the farmer and nations of the
world than a Republican victory nationally.
To say the least, this is wishful thinking.
How can anyone make such a statement when
there is a great deal of divergent opinion
within GOP ranks-when every shade of
opinion from reactionary isolationism to pas-
sive internationalism is represented as being
the true voice of the Republican party?
Mr. Bricker is evidently trying to convince the
country that Republicans should journey to
Washington next year because they are Repub-
licans and for no other reason. It would be a
sad commentary on the thinking power of the
American people if they accept this thesis and
vote Republican just to get rid of the Democrats.
Nazi Racial Prejudice
Initated by Americans
E AMERICANS condemn the Germans for
- their racial superiority doctrine at the same
time that we are discriminating against the
One foreign student on campus in an article
which appeared in yesterday's Daily said that he
could see no hope for the future of the Negro
in the United States.
IW we expect to get anywhere in convincing
the others peoples of the world that there is
no such thing as racial superiority, perhaps we
)ad better start by wiping it. out at home.
Foreign students studying here were shocked
by the racial discrimination that exists i the
United States. They say that our discrimina-
tion closely resembles the German idea of Aryan
After the war America will be faced with a
tremendous problem, as bad if not worse than
the recent race riots in Detroit. The Negro was
the last to be hired in the war . prosperity-he
will be the first to be fired in the post-war de-
At the present time there are more jobs than
men to fill them. Therefore, the Negro has been
allowed to rise above his customary economic
status. However, after the war if jobs get scarce
he will be forced to return to more menial types
We are fighting a war because we are un-
willing to submit to totalitarianism. We op-
pose the oppression of small nations and of
the more unfortunate peoples all over the
world. How then can we allow the Negroes,
who are just as much American as any of us,
to submit to such oppression?
At the battlefields all over the world the Negro
soldiers are fighting. and dying beside the white
soldiers. We're proud of these Americans be-
THE SOVIET UNION, with its land ravaged
and its population decimated, has shown more
common sense forbearance towards the German
people than any of the other allies. Stalin him-
self has said his country fights for the destruc-
tiop of Hitlerite Europe and the extirpation of
Naziism, not for the dismemberment of Ger-
many. No such declaration has come from
Churchill, Roosevelt, or the head of any other
United Nation. But the German Committee for
Liberation whose headquarters are in Moscow,
also favors the return of a de-contaminated Ger-
many to the family of nations.
How much of this line is official policy and
how much is propaganda, we cannot tell. But
even considered as pure propaganda, it is far
more clever than our own, and as such, much
more likely to slhorten the war.
We in America wonder how Germans are able
to take the plastering Allied bombers daily ad-
minister with so little apparent decline in mo-
rale. We don't wonder long. For, above and
beyond blind allegiance to Der Fuehrer, we know
that the prospect of a harsh peace settlement
continually dangled before the people by their
political manipulators, causes the psychological
reaction of stubborness, of total exertion. To
the German faced on the one hand with the
likelihood of physical sterilization, and on the
other with the desperate chance of attaining
mastery over the world, the dilemma of loyalty
to his present leaders or to the underground is
not very acute.
We feel life will not be worth living so long
as the Nazi vermin thrive. Just so, the propa-
gandistically fed German feels life will not be
worth living in a world filled with hatred
against him. As our sentiment gives us a
moral sanction to fight, his gives him an ani-
mal ferocity in fighting a lost battle to the
A policy of humane treatment with regard to
Germans after the war then, is also an act of
humane treatment with regard to Americans
and Russians and Englishmen, today.
SECRETARY of State Hull can stutter through
a million ambiguities and -pious declarative
sentences, but if he or President Roosevelt does
not tell us in concise language what our policy
with respect to the disposition of post-war Ger-
many is, blood will continue to flow an unnec-
essarily long time. I write this in the knowl-
edge that the State Department has attempted
to draw a hard and fast distinction between the
war and the post-war world. Controversial is-
sues like this one, are to be settled after the
last shot has been fired-and not one moment
Yet, here we have a case where plainly a
utterance, a stand, could be made about to-
morrow that would help today when the only
goal in our minds is to win as complete a vic-
tory with as little bloodshed as possible.
It has been bruited about that no peace con-
ference will follow this war. Were we other than
people with eyes that see not, it would be evi-
dent to us that the peace, far from being sep-
arable from the war, is being written piecemeal
every day at Teheran, Cairo, Moscow, Naples,
Algiers and London.
If we do not know by now, in this God-awful
year of 1944, that neutrality is a mirage, than
we never shall. The State Department's neutral
lack of policy is itself a very costly, very definite
policy of no-policy. Don't let's forget that
Woodrow Wilson, who did go to a peace con-
ference as a Daniel in the lion's den of power
politics, saw fit nevertheless, to electrify Europe
with his Fourteen Points long before Versailles.
Then, as now, the truth, or morsels of it,
could filter through to the people. In the
absence of a carefully defined plan for Ger-
many before us, Herr Goebbels can run amuck
with his well-oiled propaganda machine. The
truth is little better than the Goebbels dis-
tortion of it.
I do not think the importance of this problem
can be over-emphasized. Few topics have more
pertinancy. I believe Hull and Roosevelt, if they
do not speak out soon along unequivocal Russian
lines, will be guilty of criminal blundering or
horrible blindness. "Unconditional surrender"
yes; but, then what?
I invite whoever wishes to swing in the oppo-
site direction from mine and take issue with the
above opinion to write his views to The Daily.
Could we stir up some real talk, perhaps others
could stir up some real actions.
unemployed. But on the other hand, the Feb-
ruary figure of 103,954 is about one-half what
the figure was at the same time last year. In
February, 1943, 208,644 were receiving unem-
While only 100,000 men unemployed is low,
nevertheless advocates of a national service act
feel that this is one illustration of the need for
drafting labor. Furthermore, the figure of 100,-
000 unemployed actually represents more un-
employed than appears on the surface. Each
State requires an initial waiting period of one
to two weeks before unemployment benefits can
start and one week of waiting for 100,000 men
represents four million man-hours lost.
Biggest question raised by these unemployment
figures is why, when industry and the Govern-
ment both are crying for men, the figure should
be rising as against last November. Only ex-
planation offered by the Social Security Board
is cut-backs. In other words, certain war plants
are closing because of over-production of tanks,
trucks, gunpowder. And it takes time for work-
ers to shift from one job to another
Enemy Alien .. .
Paul Scheffer, controversial editor of the Ber-
liner Tageblatt, long out on parole in the United
States, recently has been locked up by the Jus-
tice Department. Pressure to release him is
being brought inside the Government, and a
hearing will take place soon.
Scheffer, an enemy alien, was interned with
other Germans at the start of the war, then was
released under parole to a vice president of the
Chase National Bank, which later was indicted
on the charge of permitting its funds to.be used
for trading with the enemy.
Scheffer had been a newspaper man in the
United States for many years and, under the
Weimar Republic, had the reputation of being
a leading liberal journalist. However, Am-
bassador William E. Dodd was suspicious of
him and, in later years, Scheffer had the repu-
tation of playing the Nazi game.
Upon being interned when the United States
entered the war, Scheffer asked that he be al-
lowed to remain in the United States. This re-
quest was granted and he was released on parole.
Later, considerable commotion was aroused when
he wrote an article for the New York Times
magazine section under the name "Conrad Long."'
Since then, there have been demands that he
be re-interned. Why the Justice Department
suddenly locked him up again is not known,
and officials declined any comment.
Tamer Maverick .. .
A few weeks ago, no one would have dreamed
that Congressman Maury Maverick, as ram-
bunctious as the Texas steer named after his
fighting Texas family, would ever get the support
of conservative Republicans. While in Congress,
pugnacious, blunt-spoken Maverick authored the
President's Supreme Court bill, championed all
New Deal legislation, stepped on people's toes,
never cared how he made enemies.
But, appearing before a Senate committee the
other day, Maverick had both Democratic and
Republican conservatives 100 per cent for him.
He was proposing an amendment whereby small
businessmen holding subcontracts could be paid
directly by the Government rather than waiting
for payment from the prime contractor. perhaps
until after the war is over.
Maverick, efficient head of the Smaller War
Plants Corporation, pointed out that thg are
a million subcontractors and only a thousand
or so prime contractors, of which only 100 big
firms hold 7 per cent of theprime war con-
tracts. The little companies do business with
the big and, after the war, they may have to
wait months for payment, or face the difficulty
of collecting from a financially shaky prime
Maverick therefore proposed legislation where-
byrthe Government would pay subcontractors
Bailey and Byrd . .
Friends of North Carolina's Senator Josiah
Bailey tell this story as the inside on how he
happened to come out for Senator Byrd for
Bailey had had a talk with Jim Thomson,
brother-in-law of Senator Bennett Clark and
former publisher of the New Orleans Item.
The Byrd boom has been main-springed from
New Orleans, where rope manufacturer John
U. Barr heads the Byrd-for-President move-
ment. Thompson partially sold Senator Bailey
a bill-of-goods on Byrd, according to Bailey's
friends-but not entirely. The North Carolin-
ian kept coming back to the fact that he had
defeated Senator Furnifold Simmons after
Simmons made the mistake of bolting Al Smith
for Herbert Hoover, so Bailey wanted to be
However, Thomson later conspired with radio
commentator Fulton Lewis to announce Bailey's
support for Byrd as an accomplished fact. This
tipped the scales, and Bailey finally decided to
stand by Byrd-though with the reservation that
he will support Roosevelt if nominated.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
Suanucl Graf ton's
NEW YORK, April 11.-The Re-
publican dilemma is this: Party reg-
ulars decide nominations, but party
irregulars decide elections.
In Wisconsin, the G.O.P. threw out
a leading representative of precisely
those independent voters whom it
must attract if it hopes to win.
And the nice probiem which faces
the party is how to toss out Willkie
while keeping his supporters. The
G.O.P. wants to eat its Willkie, and
'have him, too. It must now try to
attract the point of view it has just
Undoubtedly, the Republican party
has made itself more acceptable to
those who were going to vote for it
anyway. But, as the Wisconsin jubi-
lation dies down, the party must
begin to wonder whether its real
problem was not to make itself more
acceptable to those who are unde-
Mr. Willkie has made himself a
stronger pressure instrument in the
party by withdrawing as a candidate.
Withdrawals of any kind are sort of
symbolic. It is always a little disturb-
ing when a man reaches abruptly for
his hat. They wanted hint to go, but
not that fast.
The Republican, party has made
itself more purely Republican, as a
result of the Battle of Wisconsin.
But the "party purge" aspects of the
Wisconsin primary, the bitter com-
plaints that Mr. Willkie is "really a
Democrat"' may boomerang. The par-
ty has peeled itself down to its hard
core, but, if it hopes to win the elec-
tion, it will now find that it needs
rapidly to reverse itself, to purse up
its lips and begin to make cooing
and seductive noises to those very
elements to which it has just so
delightedly given the hotfoot.
It needs to beat 'em and keep 'em,
and, so far, it has only beat 'em.
Something tells me that somebody
is going to have a talk with Colonel
McCormick one of these days, and
beg him, for Pete's sake, to stop say-
ing in his paper (called the Chicago
Tribune, I believe) that internation-
alism was licked in Wisconsin. I can
almost hear it. "Don't say that! It'll
kill us! Write about something else,
for goodness' sake!"
I will not fall out of my chair if,
before two months have passed, I
see a friendly reference to Mr.
Wendell Willkie in the McCormick
paper. It is going to occur to the
Republican top command that Col-
onel McCormick's joyous hobby of
forever throwing people out on
their ears is not the way one wins
elections. One wins elections by
opening the door and bidding them
One chain of pro-Republican pap-
ers is already editorially pleading
with Mr. Willkie to stick around.
Unfortunately, the biggest anti-
Roosevelt paper in America ran a
cartoon the same day, ecstatically
showing Mr. W. with a shiner on his
eye. So at the moment, the invitation
GRIN AND BEAR IT
1 . :
"Senator Snort's working on a bill to forgive people's taxes for
'44, '45 and '46 . . . if they'll forgive his being senator for
'41, '42 and '43."
is not unanimous, and the picture is
Some of the more astute commen-
tators saw the danger of the internal
G.O.P. fight against Mr. W. even be-
fore the Wisconsin primary. It had
occurred to them that to cut the
party down to something smaller and
something narrower might not be
exactly the best way to win an elec-
But it has been done, in a vast,
excess of isolationist exuberance.
Now it is the morning after, and it
begins to occur to Republicans that
one wins at the polls with the help
of the votes'of those who. do not
quite agree with one, doesn't one?
It will be a kind of judgment on
the isolationist philosophy, if pure
isolationism, or the good old get-out-
of-here spirit, turns out to be just as
impractical a way to run a party as
to run a country.
(Copyright, 1944. N.Y. Post Syndicate)
BULLE TIN I
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 12, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 117
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
this afternoon from 4 to 6 o'clock.
Detroit Armenian Club Scholar-
ship: Undergraduate students of
Armenian parentage residing in the
Detroit area who have earned 30
hours of college credit are eligible to
apply for the $100 scholarship offered
for 1944-45 by the Detroit Armenian
Women's Club. Applications must be
made by May 15. For further details,
inquire of Dr. F. E. Robbins, 1021
Interviewing for the three positions
open on the Freshman Project to all
first semester freshmen, and to those
second semester freshmen whose
homes are in Ann Arbor, will be held
from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. today in the
Undergraduate Offices of the League.
All petitioners are asked to make an
appointment in the Undergraduate
Offices for a time between 4 p.m. and
University Lecture: Dr. William H.
Adolph, Professor of Chemistry at
Yenching University, China, will
speak on "Nutritional Problems in
China and the Orient" tonight at 8
o'clock, Rackham Amphitheatre. This
lecture is given under the auspices of
the Department of Biological Chem-
Lecture: "Faster than the Sound."
Dr. Theodore von Karman, Director
of the Daniel Guggenheim Graduate
School of Aeronautics at the Cali-
fornia Institute of Technology and a
leading world authority in technical
aeronautics, will lecture on the above
subject at 4:15 p.m. today in the
amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing. The lecture is being given under
the auspices of the Department of
Aeronautical Engineering and the
public is invited.
French Lecture: Professor Edward
B. Ham of the Romance Language
Department, will give the seventh
and last of the French lectures spon-
sored by the Cercle Francais tomor-
row at 4:10 p.m; in Rm. D, Alumni
Memorial Hall. The title of his lec-
ture is: "Quelques ennemis du Vol-
tairianisme." Admission by ticket.
Students, Spring Term, College of;
Literature,dScience and the Arts:;
Courses dropped after Saturday,
April 15, by students other than
freshmen will be recorded with the
grade of E. Upon the recommenda-
tion of their Academic Counselors,
freshmen, (students with less than
24 hours' credit) may be granted the
extraordinary privilege of dropping
courses without penalty through the
Freshmen in the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts may obtain
their five-week progress reports in
the Academic Counselors' Office, Rm.
108, Mason Hall, from 8:30 to 12:00
am. and 1:30 to 4:30 p.m.3according
to the following schedule:
Surnames beginning N through Z,
Thursday, April 13; Surnames begin-
ning E through M, Friday, April 14;
Surnames beginning A through D,
Saturday, April 15.
History 12, section 1 will meet from
now on on Monday and Friday at
9:00 instead of on Monday and
Thursday at 9:00. The Friday class
will meet this week in the basement
auditorium of Lane Hall. The Mon-
day class will meet as usual in 216
NH. Any students who have conflicts
becausetof this change should stop in
the History Office.
Student Recital: Sarah Hanby,
pianist, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirments
for the degree of- Bachelor of Music
at 8:30 p.m., Thursday, April 13, in
the Assembly Hall of the Rackham
Building. A student of Joseph Brink-
man, Miss Hanby will play composi-
tions by Cimarosa, Beethoven,
Tschaikowsky and Bach. The pro-
gram will be open to the general
The University of Michigan String
Orchestra, Gilbert Ross, Conductor,
will be heard in its second concert at
8:30 p.m., Sunday, April 16, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. The program
will consist of compositions of the
17th and 18th centuries, and will be
open to the general public.
Percival Price, University Carillon-
neur, will present a carillon recital
on Friday, April 14, at 7 p.m.
physiology of plants," and Salah-El-
Din Taha on "Growth hormone pro-
duction during sexual reproduction of
higher plants." Chairman, IF. G.
Gustafson. Natural Science, Rm.
1130, today at 4 p.m.
The English Journal Club will meet
at 8 o'clock this evening in the
West Conference Room, Rackham.
Miss Anna V. LaRue and Mr. Henry
Popkin will present papers on the
critical theories of Edmund Wilson
and Kenneth Burke. Discussion -and
refreshments will follow the reading
of the papers. Faculty, graduate stu-
dents and interested undergraduates
are cordially invited to attend.
The Association Music Hour will
present Anton Bruckner's Massiin
E minor at Lane Hall this evening at
7:30. Everyone interested is cordially
There will be an important Mortar
Board meeting at 7:15 tonight in the
League. All members are Urged to
"She Stoops To Conquer," comedy
by Oliver Goldsmith, will be pre-
sented tonight through Saturday eve-
ning in the Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
tre by Play Production of the depart-
ment of speech. Evening perfor-
mances are at 8:30 p.m. and Saturday
matinee at 2:30 p.m. Tickets for all
performances are on sale daily at the
theatre box office which is open
from 10-1 and 2-8:30 p.m.
Inter-Guild luncheon this noon in
the Fireside Room at Lane Hall. Pro-
fessor Preston Slosson will be the
Co-Ops Hold Personnel Tea: There
will be a tea at the Muriel Lester
Co-Operative, 1102 Oakland today
from 4 to 5:30 p.m., for all girls
interested in living in a Co-Opera-
tive for either the summer or fall
There will be a meeting of all house
presidents today at 5:00 in the Wo-
men's League. All presidents are
urged to attend or send a representa-
The Stump Speaker's Society of
Sigma Rho Tau will present an Ox-
ford Union Forum on "Kitchen Me-
chanics in a Seven Room House," this
evening at 7:30. The meeting will be
open and the public is cordially in-
Tea at International Center* is
served each week on Thursdays from
4:00 to 5:30 p.m. for foreign stu-
dents, faculty, townspeople, and
American student friends of foreign
Atlas, my old pal, I've dropped .
in for a quiet chat with you.
Away from the cheering throng.
He's abashed by a visit from
so scintillating a celebrity ...
He-doesn't realize, despite my
Atlas, as. you are aware, the one
name today on everyone's lips is
"Congressman O'Malley." I daresay
3y Crockett Johnson