- -S. ~ a44a a~ 4 4 a,.aa.~THE MICHIGAN DIAILY
FUWAX, AP 7, 1944_
w s IyaI?.aaa IL 'a 1944
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
Holy Week Message
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CHICAGO *"BOSTON * Los ANGE LES .SAN FkANCISCO
Membgr, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
E veyn Phillips
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
. . . Managing Editor
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* . . City Editor
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Biness taff . ana
$IlitnPv,R an~ fo~ar
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NIGHT EDITOR: RAiY DIXON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staf
and represeut the views of the'writers oraiy.
Willie W thdrawa4
Por~tds GOP End
TESIY in Wisconsn, the Republican party
signed its own death warrant.
It forever closed the possibility of its contin-
uing as a major party on the national scene.
This is not to say that beginning tomorrow there
will be no Republican party, but the primary
results at Wisconsin are surely the beginning of
,the end. With Wendell Willkie went the last
remaining shred of any pretense of social con-
science within the Republican party.
*a tine when the nation is desperately in
need of moen with ideas, ideals, awareness,
,tatesmanship, the Republians have offered
noting but petty bickering, secnd rate clock-
room politics and a selection of fourth rate
For even those of us who never supported
Willkie were willing to admit that he was the
only man in the Republican party who had suf-
ficient stature to run against President Roose-
Instead, the Republicans have chosen to favor
such twentiteth century "knw-nothings"' as
Thomas E. Dewey, Gen. Douglas MacArthur and
Minnesota's Harold E. $tassen, all of whom
have uttered such wise pronouncements on the
present and post-war world as to yield a sum
total of practically nothing
All three of these "favorite sons" have the
lhearty support of Hearst, McCormick and our
own local Gerald L. K. Smith.
Any one of these three will have the added
support of a Repulici.n party of Clare Hoffman,
Ham Fish, Curly Brooks, Anerica Firsters and
any other home grown fascists lying loose.
The Republican party of 1944 has the over-
whelming indictment against it of having voted
against the tax bill, the soldier's vote, subsidies.
It has, in short, shown that it doesn't give one
damn about anything wfth a scope higher than
making more profits or beating the adminis-
T[ERE are several immediate possibilities aris-
ing from Willkie's withdrawal from the Re-
1. He can remain a "good Republican" and
Jnd spport to whatever Republican is nom-
2. .e may make use of his influence and
throw support to President Roosevelt.
. . e ,may form the nucleus of a new third
Of the three, the most positive and certainly
4he most helpful to the liberal cause in this
country would be his support of Roosevelt.
On the other hand, his choosing either of the
other two alternatives will have a definitely neg-
ative and far-reaching effect on all, Republicans
And Democrats alike.
Should Willkie lend support to Dewey the
probable Republican nominee, it will mWale ,an
Jpoing enough array against the President
so that even he will be forced to align himself
NEW YORK, April 6.-We are winning more
victories in the Pacific than in Europe. We are
als.o, at the moment, and perhaps only for the
moment, fighting a bolder and more imaginative
war in the Pacific, with greater use of surprise,
greater dash and derring-do, and maybe ,also, a
firmer sense of the connectedness of places and
There is high intellectual achievement in our
new ability to starve out sections of Japanese
soldiery .by remote control, from distant islands,
by pushing appropriate strategic buttons five
hundred miles away. We are here, there and
everywhere in the watery spaces of Oceania.
We are clearly riding the express in the far
est, wyppras in the west we seem, for the
time being, to be on a local train.
There is small doubt that this situation will
change, for General Eisenhower is not spending
the spring in England just so he can go down
to Kew in lilac-time.
However, a ripple of controversy has begun
over our European operations.
The Army and Navy Journal has questioned
our Italian experience, pointing out that no-
where in this war has there been a sound prece-
WASHINGTON, April 6.-It hasn't leaked out
yet, but Lauchlin Currie, hard-working deputy
chief of the Foreign Economic Administration
under Leo Crowley, has been urging that we do
a little cracking down on neutral Sweden.
Reason for ,Currie's urging is that the Swedes
off Jia( av stuck their necks out unnecessarlly
to heiwl the Nazis. While it is recognized that
the Swedes are in a tough spot, nevertheless
no We ,can forgive them for sending SKF
ball-Bearing experts to Schweinfurt to build
up tUe bMl-ear g works there which U.S.
oabers, at a cost of 60 planes and 600 men,
" ilnockd out.
The SKF company of Sweden did not own
the Schweinfurt plant, was under no obligation
to the Nazis, and had no material interest in the
factory. Nevertheless, word has trickled back
to Washington that the Swedes sent men to
Germany to rebuild the plant.
Washington indignation has centered on the
SKF Iball-bearing company in the U.S.A., whose
president, William Batt, is a vice-chairman
of the War Production Board. Of course, the
SKF in this country is an American corpora-
tion, therefore probably not subject to seizure
or retaliation. Nevertheless, as it is largely
owned by the Swedes, resentment here is
Chief opponent to Currie regarding Sweden
is Winfield Riefler, FEA representative in Lon-
don. Recently returned to the United States, he
has urged the President to continue to cooperate
with the Swedes by sending them strategic ma-
terials. It is now up to the President.
National Vote Slump.. ..
The Gallup Poll people have made a so far
off-the-record survey which shows that only
paout 37,000,000 civilians will vote next Novem-
ber This is due to two factors. One is that
around 10,000,000 young men are in the armed
forces. The other is that millions of war workers
have migrated away from their homes and either
have not registered, or else cannot register, where
they live now.
This ,Gallup survey is one of the most dis-
.turbing factors haunting Roosevelt political
supporters.. The figure that, if only 37,000,000
people vote, the President cannot win.
In 1940, around 50,000,000 people voted. If
13,000,000 of these are missing this year, brain-
truers figure that most of those failing to vote
would be workers or soldiers who ordinarily
would support the President.
Here is the tabulation worked out by some of
Roosevelt's political friends as to how the voting
would help or hurt him.
If 40,000,000 vote, the President would lose.
If 45,000,000 vote, he might win.
if 50,000,000 vote, he is sure to win.'
If 55,050,000 vote, he not only would win
but would carry Congress.
That is one reason behind the Democrats' urge
to get people to register and to get the soldiers
Young Congressman Henry ("Scoop") Jackson
of -Washington has just been mustered out of
the Army to go back to Congress. One' of his
first acts after getting into civilian clothes was
to call on Lt. Gen. McNair, head of Army Ground
Forces, and effect a major change in handling
men about to go overseas.
He told McNair that one big gripe of the
boys was that they often got no chance to visit
their homes before being shipped abroad. All
men were given seven-day furloughs regard-
dent for a desperate, pitched battle at one fixed
point, such as the battle at Cassino. The Army
and Navy Journal seems to be asking for a
less constricted and more far-ranging form of
European warfare. It specifically cites the
The Russian strategy might be described as
one of never letting the enemy settle down in
one place for a slugging match; the German
soldier in Russia always has a date with battle
two hundred miles away, and he is always run-
ning to keep it, while holding his trousers up with
one hand. It is. not for laymen, perhaps, to
judge this debate, but laymen may notice, under
the head of trend-spotting, that a debate is
AND THAT reminds us, only a few months ago
a big public debate was going on over the
question of whe.ther we should not do more in
the Pacific. A number of Senators and pub-
lishers, all of whom professed unmitigated scorn
for any layman who could so far forget his place
as to advocate a second front in Europe, were
advocating their heads off about directing our
major military energies into the war in the
Well, now, without rancor, but without dodg-
ing facts, either, it could be noted that the
Colonel McCormick, or Pacific First, side of the
argument, has actually done a little better for
itself than has the Europe First side. The initial
flare-up of truly grand-scale American warfare
has occurred in the far east. The Pacific drive
is not ineldental; it is big, and basic. While it
could be argued that the opening of a second
front in Europe would have been costly, no one
will ever be able to prove to the Marines that
Tarawa was cheap.
If you just take the facts as they are, without
engaging in any smart interpretative work on
them, you have to admit that a small group of
Americans, mainly isolationist, demarded that
we hit it hard in the Pacific first, and shortly
thereafter we hit it hard in the Pacific first.
This is no attempt to float a crude innuendo
to the effect that Mr. Roosevelt and the mili-
tary have gene back on themselves and are
taking their strategy from Colonel McCormick.
Something richer, more complex is suggested.
Say that big noises make big echoes. Or that
an"y" ressure of whatever type, in a democracy,
has some effect on total policy. Or that quite
different persons, for quite different motives,
may fipd thenselves following the same line,
if it be the line of least resistance.
No doubt the whole picture will change with
the coming invasion of Europe. Call it just a
shorttem trend, so far. No bigger than a man's
hand. Probably nothing to it.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
less of where they lived-even if their homes
were on tie West Coast and they were in camp
on the East Coast.
So the Army has now agreed to the following:
1. No man will be sent overseas without get-
ting a ten-day furlough.
2. This furlough provides that he will actually
get ten days at home, plus time to travel from
his base and back.
War Planner Nathan..*
Most people have forgotten about it, but the
man who did more to straighten out the Army
regarding its extravagant over-ordering of trucks,
tanks and shells was Bob Nathan of the War
Production Board planning .committee.
For months, Nathan battled Lt. Gen. B. B.
Somervell, told him he was getting too many
tanks, too much artillery, too many trucks, and
that this over-ordering of ground weapons was
hurting the more essential air program, plus the
production of high-octane gas and escort vessels.
In the end, Nathan was proved right but,
during the battle, the Army, bitter and vindic-
tive, drafted him. In no other country would
the Army have been permitted to draft such a
key planner. It was especially ludicrous in
view of the fact that Nathan has had a spinal
ailment for years.
Nevertheless, the Army was so anxious to get
him out of the War Production Board that they
took him despite his physical condition After
donning a uniform, Nathan spent most of his
time in a hospital at the taxpayers' expense,
finally was discharged by Army doctors.
However, one good thing has come out of
} Nathan's brief military service. While sitting
in the hospital, he had time to write a book,
"Mobilizing for Abundance." It outlines a lot of
important lessons the nation has learned from
the war, or shotild have learned, and is a vitally
important contribution to post-war planning.
Brother and ,$ster Kellems ..
One thing which most people have overlooked
about Miss Vivien Kellems is the political oper-
ations of one of her brothers.
The lady has a brother who is just as rabid
_ against Roosevelt as his anti-tax sister. He is
Dr. Jesse Randolph Kellems of Los Angeles,
reactionary, isolationist Republican. Like his
sister, Dr. Kellems has Congressional ambi-
tions. He is running as the Republican candi-
date for the seat of Congressman Will Rogers,
Jr., of Los Angeles, who is returning to the
Army. Ex-Lieutenant Governor Ellis Patter-
GRIN AND BEAR IT
7" , 1
q_ 7 1a 1 Chcag TiesInc
"One more little matter, gentlemen . . . do any of your wives, by
chance, still have any relatives who would like a soft job with the
WHY will you go to church today
to hear again the story and mean-
ing of the Crucifixion? Some of you ,
will go out of curiosity, others because
of habit, still others as an escape
from troubles and anxiety. But some
will go in order to know better what
God does for man, to live more nearly
as God desires of man.
The Crucifixion stands as the focal
point of the Christian religion. With-
out the Easter Resurrection, however,
the Crucifixion means nothing but
that ignorance, brute force and evil
obliterate whatever good is in man.
It takes Easter to apprehend the
meaning of Good Friday; it takes
Good Friday to understand Jesus'
As Christians, as followers of Je-
sus Christ, our lives-individual and'
corporate-are inextricably bound
to His life, death and resurrection.
Therefore, to understand the mean-
ing of our lives, we must first try
to understand the meaning of His.
Here are but three of the inexorable
truths in His life and death we
know must be necessities in ours.
Christ forgives; so must we.- Now
this is not milk-and-water, or sweet
perfume, or patting-on-the-back and
pretending that nothing really hap-
pened. Jesus was spat upon, beaten,
mocked and finally killed. Yet he
could say, "Father, forgive them."
Fortunately most of us have not been
subjected to such treatment, but we
do have irksome roommates and pet
peeves. We can well learn to forgive
Germany and Japan by beginning
with the smaller aspects.
Christ loves; so must we. Again,
this is not sentimental and maud-
lin. Too often we forget that jus-
tice is linked with love; that love
is an aggressive and motivating
force, a healing power, an attitude.
Jesus did not for a moment hesi-
tate to inflict punishment upon
those who willfully abused their
functions in Society. Such is the
Christian aim in the peace, to pun-
ish in hopes of leading our enemies
to take their rightful place in the
family of nations.
Christ suffers; so must we. We
would all like an easy patriotism or
an easy religion. But Christianity is
not like that. Forgiving involves suf-
fering; love involves suffering-for
to forgive is humiliating and to love
God and man often leads to the
Cross. Many of us can bear humili-
ation and pain - but the eternal
Christ suffers for humanity. The
Christian's first and highest duty is
to suffer with and for God and men,
knowing that God is bringing men
through Good Friday to joyous East-
This Good Friday' and always,
'Grace be unto you and peace."
The Rev. Robert Muir
Chaplain to Episcopal Students
St. Andrew's Church'
I DAILY OFFICIALI
I JLI.E :JN I
FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 113
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Group Hospitalization and Surgical
Service: During the period from April
5 througl April 15, the University
Business Office will accept new ap-
plications as well as requests for
changes in contracts now in effect.
These new applications and changes
will become effective May 5, with the
first payroll deduction on May 31.
After April 15 no new applications
or changes can be accepted until
Faculty of the College of Litera-
ture; Science and the Arts: The five-
week freshman reports "will be due
Saturday, April 8, in the Academic
Counselors' Office, 108 Mason ;Hall.
May Festival Tickets: A limited
number of season tickets (6 con-
certs), and also for individual con-
certs, are now on sale and will con-
tinue on sale so long as the supply
lasts, daily from 9 to 12, and 1 to 5
(Saturdays 9 to 12 only) at #the
offices of the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Memorial Tower.
Seniors and Graduate Students,
who have been invited to be guests
of honor at the Twenty-first Annual
Honors Convocation, are requested to
order .caps and gowns at the Moe
Sport Shop immediately. They must
be ordered no later than April 11 to
be delivered in time for the Convoca-
Biological Station: Applications for
admission to the 1944 summer ses-
sion are now being received. An An-
nouncement describing the courses
offered can be obtained at the Office
of the Summer Session, or at Rm.
10.13, Natural Science )uilding.
Dancing Lessons: There will not be
a dancing lesson class Friday, April
7, at the USO Club. Dancing lessons
will be resumed Friday, April 14.
Duplicate Bridge: The uplicate
ridge Tournements held at the USO
Clu W11ill be discontinued until fur-
ther notice. These tournaments were
formerly held at the Club on Sunday
No Women's Glee Club rehearsal
Good Friday Organ Recital: Pal-
trer Christian, University " Organist,
will present his annual Good Friday
program at 4:15 p.m. today in Hill
Auditorium. The program will 'in-
clude Two Chorale Preludes by Bach
and Wagner's Good Friday Music
'The public is invited.
Percival Price, University Carillon-
neur, will present a program of Eas-
ter music on Sunday afternoon, April
9, at 3 o'clock. It will consist of three
Easter hymns, the Norwegian Na-
tional Anthem, Sinding's Rustle of
Spring, Sonata for 35 bells by Profes-
sor Price, Peasants' Easter Chorus by
Berlioz, and Gounod's Sanctus from
the Mass to St. Cecelia;
University Lutheran Chapel, 1511
Washtenaw, will have a Good Friday
Service this afternoon at 1:30, with
celebration of the Lord's Supper. The
pastor will preach on the subject,
Wesley Foundation: Bible Class to-
night at 7:30 o'clock. Dr. C. W.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet today at 4 p.m. in Rm. 319 West
.edical Building. "Some Aspects of
Protein in Nutrition" will be dis-
cussed. All interested are invited.
Zion Lutheran Church, E. Wash-
ington St. and S. Fifth Ave., will
have a Good Friday afternoon ser-
vice at 1:30 o'clock and the H~oly
Sacrament will be administered at
the Holy Communion Service on
Good Friday evening at 7:39 o'clock.
Trinity Lutheran Church, E. Wil-
liam St. and S. Fifth Ave., will hold a
Good Friday afternoon service at
1:00 o'clock with a Holy Communion
service following the regular service
at 3 o'clock for those who wish to
receive the Sacrament.
There will be a Music School
assembly featuring original student
compositions today at 11 a.m. All
Music School classes and lessons will
be dismissed. Students are urged to
Friday Night Dance: The Friday
Night Dance will be held as usual
this Friday. Dance starts at 8:00
son is the Democratic candidate
against Kellems and, to date, has
the best chance to win.
Reply to Jesse Jones...
Jesse Jones has been griping to
editors again about the efforts of this
reporter to keep the public informed
about his various public activities.
Jones now calls not only me, but
the Truman Committee a liar, when
it comes to reporting his lending a
lot of U. S. taxpayers' money to the
Aluminum Company of Canada for
construction of the giant Shipshaw
project now running full blast in
Canada, while some U.S. aluminum
plants are closing down.
However, the Truman Committee
is pretty good at keeping track of
things and has a pretty good reputa-
tion- for being fair, yet tightening up
war efficiency. The Army denied
their expose about cracked Wright
airplane engines, and the Navy rais-
ed hob over Truman's criticism of
tank landing boats. Yet each time
the Truman boys turned out to be
right, and if the Navy had listened
earlier about tank landing boats we
would have a lot more troops at the
Score Card.. .
Here is the score card of Jones's
PEARSON: "Jesse advanced to
Aluminum Company of Canada $68,-
500,000 of the taxpayers' money with-
out interest or security, but with the
understanding. Aluminum of Canada
would repay the loan by shipping
aluminum to the U.S.A."
JONES: "Interest was charged on
all advances or specifically deducted
from the price."
TRUMAN COMMITTEE: "Alum-
inum Company of Canada receivedl
$68,500,000 without interest and asI
Jut 1 at ,on ary
A PLAN for limiting price control
to some 45 essential commodities
is reported to be receiving serious
consideration in the Senate Banking
Committee. Republicans supporting
the proposal argue that there can be
no justification for controlling prices
on items for which there is no criti-
cal need. Actually, an acceptance
of the plan would not only imperil
the entire stabilization program ,but
play havoc with the production of
essential civilian commodities. In-
flation, as the President has repeat-
edly pointed out, must be controlled
pn every front if it is to be success-
fully controlled at all. A creeping
inflation in non-critical- items would
create additional buying power which
ultimately would swamp all efforts to
hold down the prices of essential
items. But that is not the worst of it.
An increase in the prices of luxury
items would inevitably divert labor
and capital from the production of
essentials into the luxury trades, thus
causing shortages of the price-con-
trolled items and surpluses in non-
essentials. Experience has shown
that direct control, particularly of
man-power, is much less effective
and arouses much more opposition
than over-all price-stabilization.
prepayment for aluminum to be de-
PEARSON: "Jones justifies things
by contending that he has reduced
the price of Shipshaw aluninum from
17 to 15 cents a pound. But there is'
a joker in this because the contract,
secretly negotiated, contains two es-
calator clauses on labor and trans-
portation. Thus, if labor costs. go
lup, Shipshaw can charge Jesse more.
Or if transportation rates go up,
Shipshaw can also boost the price.
The price is estimated around 20 to
22 cents a pound-not 15 cents.
JONES: "All contracts were ap-
proved by the President."
By Crockett Johnson
Tell me al
Il about it! How you
rremnn O'Malle not
Mr. O'Malley, my Fairy Godfather,
anot t ased, Mom RvBmitake-
For all t know, Ellen, Barnaby's
exolanation is as good as any-