_________*~TIE MC~GA DAILY M
By Dknnw PEARSON
Jane Farrant . . . . . , Managing Editor
Claire Sherman . . . Editorial Director
Stan Wallace . . . . City Editor
Evelyn Phillips . Associate Editor
Harvey Frank . . . Sports Editor
Bud Low. Associate Sports Editor
Jo Ann Peterson . Associate Sports Editor
Mary Anne Olson . . Women's Editor
Marjorie Rosmarin . Associate Women's Editor
Elizabeth A. Carpenter . . . Business Manager.
largery Batt . Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: STAN WALLACE
Editorials published in The.Michigan Daily
are written by enmbers of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Military Needs Justify
Great Britain's Policy
IN CRITICIZING Great Britain for not having
revoked the White Paper and reinstated the
Balfour Declaration of Nov. 2, 1917, Miss Fitch
in her editorial yesterday has interpreted the
Zionist problem in Palestine as being primarily
However, the principal arguments against
the abrogation of the White Paper provisions
and reinstating those of the Balfour Declara-
tion are of a military essence. The fact that
Secretary of State Hull, Secretary of War
Stimson and Chief of Staff Gen. Marshall
sponsor this view demonstrates that they re-
gard the problem as important to the war.
Recently, these officials appealed to Congress,
to take no action on the pending bicameral reso-
lutions which demand Britain to restore free
Jewish immigration in Palestine.
President Roosevelt in a recent statement told
the Jewish leaders in this country that the United
States has never approved Britain's action in
1939. "When future decisions are reached, full
justice will be done to those who seek a Jewish
national home," he added.
His statement, it must be observed, does not
reverse the 1939 decision. In fact, it dodges
the problem which leaves the connotation that
the President believes that for the present the
White Paper provisions should remain un-
Another example of the military importance
of the arguments against the repeal of the 1939
conditions is the fact that Prime Minister
Churchill, who wholeheartedly denounced the
action in 1939, has maintained complete silence
on the issue. This leaves the possibility that
the demands of war give Britain no other choice
but to carry on the Chamberlain program.
Outside of the Arabs in Palestine, the Balfour
Declaration of 1917 has been wholeheartedly ac-
cepted by the various nations as a humanitarian
move to establish a national .Jewish homeland.
ECAUSE of the turn of events in the theatre
of war in 1939, the Arabs, who consistently
opposed the Balfour Declaration, were in a posi-
tion to make a great deal of trouble for the
Allies, not only in the Middle East, but through-
out the Moslem kingdom, should they so desire.
To appease the Arabs and to keep them
from swinging to the Axis powers, Prime Min-
ister Chamberlain substituted the provisions
of the White Paper for the Balfour Declaration.
Their position today is even stronger than it
was five years ago. With the tide of the war
now favoring the Allies, it would be dangerous
to incur their hostility by repealing the White
Although realizing that his war of conquest is
a lost cause, Hitler still has hopes of obtaining
an advantageous peace. In the event of the
repeal of these provisions, Der Fuhrer would
not hesitate very long in taking advantage of
the Arab hostility for the purpose of promoting
sundry fifth columnist activity in the Middle
East. This could easily result in the prolonging
of the invasion, and consequently, loss of more
The problem narrows down to the problem
of either opening Palestine for Jewish immi-
gration now and thus overlooking the military
arguments or continuing the 1939 policy with
the outlook of opening Palestine to the Jews
at the immediate termination of hostilities.
The trend of sentiment both in the United
States and in England appears to indicate that
WASHINGTON, March 30.-Those close to
Secretary of State Hull say he is not happy over
the mission to London undertaken by energetic
young Undersecretary Ed Stettinius. Originally,
the trip was planned party to please the British,
who hinted that we had sent no important em-
issaries to London since Harry Hopkins' call on
Churchill two years ago.
However, Stettinius is on the way to turning
the mission into something really important. He
is scheduled to discuss five important subjects
with the British. They are:
1. Stabilization of the dollar and pound aft-
er the war.
2. A world bank.
3. Stabilization of commodities. This would
mean the application of Wallace's ever-normal
granary to all basic commodities such as tin,
rubber, copper, sugar, with a system of buying
and selling to keep prices stabilized.
4, Oil and the Near'East. The United States
wants to avoid a cut-throat battle for oil such.
'Te Iendcun I
Y DATE, Sheila, dangled a cigarette between
her lips. She exhaled demurely and the
smoke spiralled ceiling-wards. There was an
exchange of verbal trivialities for some moments
such as people employ to while away the time in
a crowded bistro on Saturday nights.
While I gazed at her unfurrowed brow, and
marked the similarity between it and the beer
jug I had been fondling, she suddenly exclaimed
-as if met with a divine visitation, "You know,
I think Bricker or. Dewey or anyone would do
as President except-," and here her voice grew
hoarse with emotion; "Roosevelt." Why this
bolt out of the blue? No one had sounded her
on 'the subject. But, here she .was, an im-
penetrable blankness that called itself "coed,"
a petty, man-hunting, Redbook-reading, pleasure
seeker, pontificating about politics with all the
wisdom of a tree shrew, on the ground in a
I blushed; I sobbed an inward sob. And do
you wonder that I had further recourse to John
Barleycorn? It was not easy, you must under-
stand, to search her natural state of insensibility
by artificial means.
Don't laugh, because Sheila typifies, too many
of you on this campus: complacent, pseudo-
sophistocate with a ready sneer for any but
the joy boys who are her male counterparts.
Not many of you, to be sure, would rub salt in
the wound of my mortification, as Sheila did, by
pridefully asserting her prejudice against the
Negroes whose nastiness she understood so well.
But, how many of you secretly believe what she
How many of you can see things in other
terms than those that immediately affect you?
How many of you can give mental precedence to
our foreign policy over your wardrobe? How
many of you have stimulated your cerebral
processes to the extent that an occasional
thought seeps through? Who amongst you gives
half a hoot in hell whether the country returns
to economic free-bootery under Bricker or full
production for human betterment under a wide-
awake leader? Which of you cares what hap-
pens to the millions facing death right now?
Many of you do. Many of you who don't
could claw me to pieces for denying that you do.
Aren't your brothers and fathers, beaux and
husbands on faraway battlefields in the midst of
this abomination? Don't you dutifully write to
them? Yes, of course, but that kind of interest
alone won't do. So long as your concern is
bounded on all sides by those whose absence
detracts from your own personal happiness; you
prove yourselves selfish to the nth degree. We
should widen our horizons and see that others
suffer infinitely worse pangs of anguish than
we who sit in the ease of lecture rooms and the
splendor of league houses, taking notes like au-
tomatons, passing exams like automatons, and
interpreting life no more usefully than auto-
College should make more than marriageable
snobs of girls, more than fans who last year
spent as much time worrying about the battle
of the 50-yard line on Saturdays as on the Battle
of Stalingrad, though the latter turned the tide
of world history.
Ah, Sheila, soft, round, blank Sheila, little
did you dream your assininity would drive me
to such an outburst. Numerous are the females
who redeem your sex even at Michigan from
such as you: the girls who have assumed the
responsibility for upholding liberal education
in its darkest hour.
In his autobiography, Montaigne quotes Py-
thagoras as having likened life to the Olympic
Games. A few men struggle for the laurels; some
sell things to the people; and others are just
interested spectators trying to understand the
spectacle. Those of us, men and women alike,
who cannot fight this war or provide the means
with which to fight it, must at least try to
understand it. In the final analysis, that is
not one whit less important a function than the
other two. -Bernard Rosenberg
as occurred with Britain after the last war and
which is already threatened as a result of the
Arabian pipe-line wrangling.
5. The future boundaries of Germany.
German boundaries were tentatively discussed
at Teheran, but now Dr. Isaiah Bowman, famed
geographer, has accompanied Stettinius to talk
details. Bowman was Woodrow Wilson's geo-
graphic expert at Versailles, and some officials
are critical of his chopping-up of Europe.
This imposing agenda has irked Secretary
Hull. Apparently, it was pretty well arranged
while he was in Florida. Also, Hull was always
jealous of the trips Sumner Welles took to Rio,
Rome, London and Berlin, and now it looks as
if his new Undersecretary might also be crowd-
ing him for the limelight.
Pepper Fights Alone ...
Believe it or not, the GOP is pouring piles of
money into one campaign to elect a Democratic
Senator. Actually they're not especially coi-
cerned about who the Democrat is, so long as
it's not Claude Pepper. They simply want to
lick Pepper in the Florida primary, which takes
place May 2.
The Pepper opposition will probably con-
solidate behind youngish Ollie Edmunds, Jack-
sonville judge, whose chief support seems to
come from the Asssociated Industries of Flori-
da, the political action front of the State
Chamber of Commerce. Edmunds appears to
be the most likely candidate among those will-
ing to run against Pepper. So desperate is the
Florida hate-Roosevelt crowd for a strong
candidate that they even asked former Ambas-
sador Joe Davies, whose foreign policy is an-
athema to them, to run against Pepper.
In addition to the Associated Industries, Pep-
per is opposed by the Byrd-for-President clubs
in Florida and by the insurance companies. The
insurance lobby here in Washington gave him an
ultimatum-either support their bill to exempt
insurance companies from the anti-trust laws,
or be opposed in Florida. Pepper chose opposi-
A key man in Administration strategy in the
Senate, Pepper has decided to forego proffered
support from his friends in Washington. Harry
Truman of Missouri, Harley Kilgore of West
Virginia and several other Democratic Senators
have offered to speak for him in Florida, but
Pepper prefers to fight single-handed.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
Patriotism Not Applied
In Local Housing Corse
SIX FAMILIES will be asked to move from a
local apartment building within the next 90
days because they have committed the "crime''"
of having children or pets.
While we recognize that this situation is neith-
er rare nor unprecedented, we dlso feel obligated
to point out that circumstances *in this case
place the managers of the apartment in a some-
what unpatriotic light.
Here are the facts: the management of the
apartments changed hands on March 15.
Shortly after that date six families were told
they would have to move within 90 days since
there were rules stating that no children or
pets would be allowed. The rules had existed
before, but the former managers had made
exceptions to them in certain cases.
The children in the families who have been
asked to move are from one to 12 years in age.
One of the families has lived in the apartment
for three years, another for eight. In one par-
ticular case, the mother whose husband is in the
Army is working at a war plant to support
herself and her year-old daughter.
Legally the managers of the apartment are
"in the right." The rules existed before April 1,
1941, and the OPA can do nothing since the
families are being given sufficient notice to move.
But it seems somehow that there should be
something more than legality considered in this
case. There are such things as honesty and
fair play. There are some situations where
rules and regulations should be waived.
To be considered truly patriotic, especially in
these days, is an end much to be desired. But
patriotism involves more than buying war bonds,
or conserving gasoline, or playing "square" with
the ration program. ,ft meads a genuine concern
for the happiness of other individuals.
It seems obvious that the managers of this
apartment are neither interested in, nor con-
cerned about, these six families. Perhaps in
peace time these evictions would not be of
great importance. But anyone who has at-
tempted to find living quarters in Ann Arbor
that are decent, fairly well located and rea-
sonably priced will realize the seriousness of
being forced to move at the present time.
Perhaps it is too much to look for, but possibly
the managers might take the word "patriotism"
from the Bond Drive posters, the newspapers,
the radio programs, and put it into action.
27 ihe &L1or
Lord Vansittart . .
To the Editor:
Recent references in The Daily to
Lord Vansittart's views concerning
the Germans indicate that The
Daily writers have not taken the
trouble to get their information
about Vansittart's position directly
from his own writings rather than
from secondary sources which distort
his views. The latest such reference
is in an article in The Daily of March
28 by A. J. Kraft, who speaks of
"such rabid Hun-haters as the Brit-
ish Lord Vansittart."
Lord Vansittart's position is clearly
stated in his own book, "Lessons of
My Life." This book is available in
most libraries and can be read by
anyone interested in getting a defini-
tion of so-called Vansittartism from
the most direct source. Although
Vansittart's name has become syno-
nymous with the doctrine of exter-
mination of Germans, that is not at
all what he advocates. He simply
views the Germans in the light of
their history and past performances
and judges them objectively on that
basis. Nowhere does he come to the
conclusion that there must be an end
to Germans as a people.
We have become accustomed to the
fact that the daily press is guilty of
misrepresentations either wilfully or
through sheer ignorance. A paper
run by students who are supposedly
taught to think clearly and to read
should not be guilty of the same
charge. There are probably many
points on which there can be honest
disagreement with Lord Vansittart
but his critics should acquaint them-
selves first-hand with his views be-
fore they take issue with him.
"Rocket planes, helicopters, streamlined kitchen gadgets! Can't
you see anything else?--a man, maybe?"
GRIN AND REAR IT
made by the women was shameful
and that it topped the men's quota
by only $100.
In the first place, she failed to get
her figures straight, for in the same
Daily, a news story appeared which
reported that more than $2,250 had
been turned in by the women. At
that time the men had contributed
approximately $1,550 to the drive,
and $1,550 from $2,250 does not re-
sult in a difference of $100 if the
rules of subtraction taught in the
fourth grade can be believed.
Moreover, she failed to investigate
the records compiled by University
men. If she had done so, she would
have found that although one-third
of the civilian population on campus'
are men, little more than $500 of the
$1,550 was contributed by them. The
majority of the men's contributions!
came from Army and Navy personnel
stationed on campus.
No woman's residence house was
obliged to turn in a report of Red
I Red Cross.. .
If Miss Peterson had taken the
time and trouble to learn about the
functioning of the Women's Red
Cross Drive as it was being carried
out on this campus, she could never
have come out with the statements
that appeared in Wednesday's Daily
in which she stated that the amount
of contributions to the Red Cross
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
FRIDAY, MARCH 31, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 107
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
leti are to >e sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: There will be a
meeting of the Faculty in Rm. 1025,
Angell Hall, April 3, 1944 at 4:10 p.m.
Notices of this meeting and the
proposed agenda and reports have
been distributed through campus
Ficulty of the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts: The five-
week freshman reports will be due
Saturday, April 8, in the Academic
Counselors' Office, 108 Mason Hall.
Music Lecture: Dr. James Francis
Cooke, editor of "The Etude," will
speak on "The Fifth Freedom," at
8:30 tonight in the Lecture Hall of
the Rackham Building. The lecture
is sponsored by the School of Music
and is open to the public.
Aca.d emtc :Notices
Speeded Reading Course: The spe-
cial short course in speeded reading
will be given for students wishing to
improve their reading ability. Those
interested call Mr. Morse, Ex. 682.
The course will meet twice a week for
eight weeks. There will be no charge
for this non-credit course. Students
who had eye movement pictures tak-
en last term may obtain their prints,
Rm. 4205 UHS.I
Make-up examination in Psychol-
ogy 31, will be held today, 4-6, in Rm.
Geology 12 and 65: Final Make-Up
Examinations for fall term will be
given Saturday, April 1, in Rm. 2054,
Natural Science Building, 8:30 a.m.
The Faculty of the School of For-
estry and Conservation will hold a
social meeting for graduate and un-
dergraduate forestry students in the
School at 7:30 this evening in the
West Conference Room of the Rack-
Contest on Inter-American Affairs:
At 8 o'clock this evening in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre will be held the
Central Regional Contest on Inter-
American Affairs. Students from col-
leges and universities in Indiana,
Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsyl-
vania and West Virginia will speak
on the topic: "Bases of Cooperation
among the American Republics." The
Department of Speechuis sponsoring
this contest. The public is invited.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet today at 4 p.m. in Rm. 319 West
Medical Building. "Proteolytic En-
zymes" will be discussed. All inter-
ested are invited.
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to the public from 8:30 to
10:30 tonight if the sky is clear or
nearly so. The moon and the planetI
Jupiter will be shown through the
telescopes. Children must be accom-
panied by adults.
The Hillel Foundation Friday night
services will be conducted at the
Foundation at 7:45 by A.S. Harvey
Weisberg and Elliott Organick, '44,
assisted by Rabbi Jehudah Cohen.
Dr. Mentor Williams will speak on
"Labor and the Post-War World"
during the latter part of the service.
Refreshments and a social hour will
Wesley Foundation: Bible Class
with Dr. Brashares tonight at 7:30
o'clock. Subject for study: Matthew
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will hold an Executive Board
meeting at 2:30 p.m. Saturday in the
Union. All members must attend.
Junior Research Club: The April
meeting will be held at 7:30 p.m.
Tuesday, April 4, in the Amphithea-
tre of the Rackham Building. Tha
program will be given by Elmon L.
Cataline of the School of Pharmacy
and by Frederick H. Test of the De-
partment of Zoology.-
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will meet at 8 p.m. Tuesday in
Rm. 316 of the Union. Dr. Francis
Skillman Onderdonk, author and lec-
turer, will discuss "From United
Cross contributions until March 29
-Wednesday. There should be no
grounds for criticism until the
amount of money contributed by
women fails to reach its quota
after that date.
As I write this letter, I have figures
before me which reveal that Univer-
sity women have more than filled
-their $3,500 quota.
It all adds up to the fact that
civilian men-comprising, as Miss
Peterson says-one-third of the cam-
pus civilian population-reached a
goal of $1,500 but not without the
help of men from the armed services,
and civilian women-who comprise
two-thirds of the civilian personnel
on campus-almost tripled the quota
set for the men.
It certainly is a "shameful record,"
as Miss Peterson points out. Would
that there were more of the same!
Chairman, University Women's
Red Cross Drive
Be Ri*gh t
NEW YORK, March 30.-Some
day America will be proud of its
administrative agencies. There was
a suggestion of this recently when
Joseph B. Eastman died. He had
spent twenty-five years on the Inter-
state Commerce Commission, nudg-
ing the railroads where it hurt the
most, in their sensitive rate and fin-
He was a great bureaucrat. It is
possible to be a great bureaucrat, just
as it is possible to be a great Con-
At the start of his career, he
drew the standard "we hate you"
treatment from a number of legis-
lators. He was accused of being a
social worker, which was true, and
of being a "radical," which was
probably also true, at least at the
beginning. lie fought off all at-
tackers by adopting the unfair
technique of making sure to know
more about railroading than any-
body else in the country. This was
hitting the bumblers below the
belt, but it worked, and they bum-
I pin the bouquet on Lilienthal for
a reason. Lilienthal has just been
the target of a charging-bull attack
by Senator McKellar of Tennessee.
Senator McKellar hates Lilienthal's
administration of the Tennessee Val-
ley Authority. His idea for fixing up
the Authority has been to "restore
control to Congress.
Congress, as Congress, would be
running an electric power operation,
in detail, and that, I think, is a curi-
ous way to keep the government out
of the power business.
The reason I am excited is that so
much support has been generated for
Lilienthal that he has turned put to
be more popular, on the whole, than
McKellar. The Tennessee Valley has
risen to his defense, if letters to
Congressmen are a sign. The Senate
has obligingly voted McKellar's way,
as it did two years ago, but that
doesn't settle the issue now, any
more than it did then. The fight goes
to the House and then to the Presi-
dent's desk. The important point is
that so much support was generated
for TVA that even conservative sena-
tors like Wheeler and Bankhead vot-
ed to defend it, and McKellar was
forced to drop at least part of his
What does popular support of TVA
do to such thinkers as Mr. Thomas
E. Dewey, whose attack on the agen-
cies is wholesale; men who want to
return everything to the states; men
I've spent a week going from
office to offrce explaining how
badly our city needs that power
dam. I've gotten no place!.... If
-By Crockett Johnson
Mr. O'Malley, my Fairy Godfather,
said Congress would pass on his
bill for a dam today, Pop. And-
"Congratulations to you and to
Congressman O'Malley ... Never
dreamed Congress would approve
our dam so soon" ... It's from my
Copyrghr 1944 . o,.-.
Of course! It's an April Fools'
gag of some kind. It must be-