THE- A.1-4C'--iii-AYt DAILY
t: j7,1D - 7 A 7Z 2, 94
I'd Rather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
POST-WA R (GERMANY:
HE hushed silence of tiw theatre military policy since Bismarck, is, caused by several factors: economic,
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AT IT AGAIN:
Facts About Aussies
rfHE CHICAGO TRIBUNE and McCormick are
at it again. At a loss for something better to
print of late, McCormWick decided to attack
So he states, "Rather than carping about
the pay of American soldiers, the Australians
had better be getting into the Pacific war
themselves. They still retain severe restric-
tions against sending drafted troops beyond
the area of Australia's direct interest."
Australia's war record, however, (to enlighten
McCormick) shows that out of a population of
little over 7,000,000, it has 858,960 men in its
fighting services-practically two out of every
three males between eighteen and forty years.
The equivalent figure for the United States
would be more than 16,000,000, and we are a
long way from reaching that total.
T IS TRUE, however, that drafted men may
not be sent outside the Commonwealth unless
they volunteer. Yet, no fewer than 86 per cent
have volunteered for service outside the Com-
Up to the end of 1943, the Australian Army
suffered 65,890 casualties. This figure excludes
the air force and navy. An equivalent figure for
the American Army would be around 1,200,000.
Our actual total, as reported by Secretary cif
War Stimson, is 121,458,
General MacArthur, although the American
public is not aware of it, knows that a large part
of the burden of the campaign in the New
Guinea jungles has been borne by Australians,
who far outnumber the American troops en-
Although most people realize that the Chicago
Tribune blows just for the sake of filling up
space, nevertheless, it would be wise for the
Tribune to investigate the facts, and to interpret
the facts without -distortion. - Aggie Miller
NEW YORK, March 27.-I have 'a feeling we
must grope, our way toward something better
than the "uncondtional surrender" demand,
something rounder, with more than two dimen-
sions to it.
That demand has had some usefulness, politi-
cal, if not military. It was born at the Casa-
blanca conferences, during the stupendous row
over bur poor treatment of the de Gaullists in
North Africa. "Unconditional surrender" may
have been decided on, in part, to offset the im-
pression created by the Darlan episode. It was
a kind of pledge to the people in the democracies,
as well as a threat to the leaders of the axis.
It has been called a political miss, as regards
the people of Germany; a flat, brusque, peremp-
tory pronouncement which "drives them into
Hitler's arms." But it is not quite so one-sided
as all that. If it drives the German people into
Hitler's arms, it at least tells them they will
find no peace there. It may make the German
people desperate, but it also washes out any
illusions they may have of a soft end to the war,
with Hitler still in power, or a partial end, or a
stalemate. Illusions may keep a people fighting
as long as desperation can.
Yet I wonder if we could not preserve the
robust values of the unconditional surrender
demand, while purging it of its defects, by
WASHINGTON, March 27.-With more and
more fathers being drafted, the Senate Military
Affairs Committee has dug into some amazing
facts regarding loafing in war plants. In a
secret quiz, behind closed doors, they have heard
witness after witness testify how war plants were
hoarding labor, how men who loafed more than
they worked were being deferred, and how the
surplus of labor in some plants only gummed
things up and decreased efficiency.
The secret testimony is so astounding that
some Senators, hitherto opposed to a national
service act, are beginning to wonder whether that
is the only solution. Here are samples of the
testimony which has amazed them:
H. R. Gibson, machinist, in the Mobile yard
of the Alabama Drydock and Shipbuilding
Company, said he quit his job because "I wasn't
allowed to work." On one occasion, Gibson
said, he and three other machinists sat for
tAree days doing nothing because a welder
wasn't assigned to help repair a motor foun-
dation, though there were a number of un-
engaged welders in the yard.
Workers Told To Hide...
"Does that run down from the foreman to
everybody?" asked Senator Homer Ferguson of
"It runs down to the lowest paid employee,"
"Is there any talk about the Government pay-
ing the bills 'so why worry?' " inquired Ferguson.
"Oh, sure, everybody knows that the Govern-
ment is footing the bill," was the reply.
Gibson said that Maritime Commission in-
spectors, who were supposed to check on pro-
duction, "stayed in the office" most of the
time. When asked if the inspectors witnessed
the loafing, the witness replied: "Sure-I have
discussed it with lots of them."
Gibson said that a plan he had submitted to
the management, whereby half of the com-
pany's 34,000 workers could complete ship con-
tracts in less time than the present force, had
been scoffed at on the ground that speeding
up production would "demoralize the whole
plant." He said an official told him: "We have
to look out for a lot of guys who would lose
WSA Man Testiies...
Harry Finck, War Shipping Administration
examiner, said that time saving could be ef-
fected in the Brooklyn yard of the Bethlehem
Steel Company and in other shipyards in the
altering it slightly to read: Unconditional sur-
render of the Nazi party, and its thousands of
leading functionaries; automatic exile, or other
means of political liquidation of these men,
without trial, as an "unconitional condition"
of the armistice; a democratic future, under
surveillance, for the rest of the Germans.
'HAT would not be soft. It is approximately
the position Russia has taken through the
pronouncements of the "Free Germany" com-
mittee, functioning in Moscow. And Russia is
not a spectacularly soft country. It will be no-
ticed that Russia is avoiding the "unconditional
surrender" line everywhere. She did not demand
it of Finland, perhaps feeling that her terms for
Finland would be regarded by Germans as a fore-
cast of her terms for Germany.
(The issue is wrapped up, to a certain extent,
in Russia's recognition of the Badoglio govern-
ment. We have avoided granting full recogni-
tion, perhaps as a way of keeping the legal fic-
tion of the unconditionality of Badoglio's sur-
render alive. But Russia, to which Badoglio also
surrendered, seems to have no interest in the
"unconditional surrender" theme.)
Of course there are certain dangers in giving
up the simon-pure unconditional surrender de-
mand. But it should be our melancholy re-
flection at this point that there are certain
dangers in any "line." The danger of confu-
sion, for example. At the moment, we are
proclaiming unconditional surrender of our
enemies as our minimum demand. At the
same time, we are, for practical reasons, de-
fending "expedient" deals, and expediency is
always conditional, like any other contract.
In fact, we keep saying that "we have to deal
with somebody" at the very same time that our
unconditional surrender policy announces that
we intend to deal with nobody.
Wouldn't it be better to systematize the thing,
and make clear announcements as to the kind
and type of people we would be willing to deal
That involves the difficulty of selecting demo-
crats from among fascists. But since we invari-
ably pick people to deal with, anyway, we might
is well get some principle into it, and state what
criteria we propose to use in doing the picking.
Then we might be in a position to tell the Ger-
man democrats that if our bombs seem to be
falling on them, that is due to their own pig-
headednes in persisting in mingling themselves
with the fascists."
(Copyright, 1944. New York Post Syndicate)
New York City area by laying off two-thirds of
He said that, of 60 men assigned to deck work
on a dry-docked steamship, "At no time could
I find more than five or six working." They
spent most of their time drinking coffee in the
crow's nest mess hall, he added.
One night, about midnight, 16 riggers walked
into the mess hall and sat down, he said. When
Finck inquired what they were doing, one re-
plied: "We have to haul some lumber up from
the dock, but we've got till 7:30 this morning, so
we can take it easy."
The riggers finally left at 6:30, hoisted 180
pieces of lumber to the ship's decks, and lashed
it. The whole operation required only 45 min-
utes. Yet the 16 workmen wasted about seven
hours on it.
Finck testified that 60 other workers were
assigned to repair some damaged plates on an-
other steamship, but only five worked on the
night he dhecked on this job. Senator Ferguson
asked Finck if he actually meant that "forty-
five men loafed and five worked." He said, "Yes."
WSA examiner Finck also told the shocked
committee that employees of Bethlehem sub-
contractors had worked on two ships at once and
billed the Bethlehem Company for double pay.
This extra expense was, of course, borne entirely
by the Government under a cost-plus contract.
Finck said he had reported this and the loafing
to his superiors and to the management, but
nothing came of it.
Deferment for Idlers ...
WAC private Faye M. Goldware, former em-
ployee of the Kearny, N.J., plant of Western
Electric Company, told the Senate committee
she knew of a number of cases of young em-
ployees for whom the company obtained defer-
ments "when they had nothing to do."
"We had unmarried men in their 20's who
got deferment after deferment while they were
standing around in the plant," she said. "There
was one boy 24 years old who became disgusted
with loafing and tried to get into the Army as
a flyer. He passed all the tests and was ac-
cepted, but the company refused to give him
"I gather that main business at that plant was
to increase the cost of production to the Gov-
ernment," observed Senator Murray of Montana.
"It seems to me they could have accomplished
that by merely raising wages."
"No," replied the WAC. "The policy of the
company seemed to be to hire two people for
a job rather than make one person's salary
twice as high. My own impression was that
the company wanted to set a precedent so it
would have lower salaries tfter the war."
"You mean they wanted to keep wages down
for the post-war years," suggested Murray.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
was broken by enthusiastic whist- therefore the cause of European con-
ling and handelapping as Ralph Bel- flict. From this false assumption
almy dramatically ejaculated that the they conclude that the eradication
of Germany as a military power will
Germans should be wiped off the automatically eliminate European
earth. Such was the reaction of at wars. It is to be deduced that the
least one night's audience to this same policy operating on Japan will
statement from Tomorrow the World, eliminate war throughout the world.
the provocative drama on the post- Adherence to this idea is not only
war German problem, now playing on incorrect, but extremely dangerous
as it will certainly lead to com-
Broadway. placency, which has helped to bring
This attitude is by no means cot- on this war. It is a common fault
fined to theatre audiences, for it of humans to over-classify by the
has been spread throughout the oversimplification of extremely
western world by such rabid Hun- complicated problems. It is wish-
haters as the British Lord Vansit- ful thinking to believe that war,
tart and it has been crystallized by poverty and evil are caused by dis-
Louis Nizer, authority on interna- tinct groups and that the elimina-
tional law, in his new book, "What tion of those groups will forever
To Do with Germany." abolish war, poverty and evil.
Perhaps Germany deserves military For what if Germany were wiped
liquidation even in view of its conse- off the map? Would that destroy
quences. It is not my interest, how- the causes of fascism, which Ger-
ever, to discuss whether such a fate many merely personifies? Germany
should be meted out to Germany or did not begin her history as a fascistic
to Japan. It is my interest to correct country, and Germany did not parti-
a certain popular misconception in cipate in all the wars of history.
regard to what the consequences of Militarism is a fairly recent devel-
the military liquidation of Germany opment in German history, and fas-
would be. For there are those, who cism is even newer. Yes, Germany
with considerable historical support, is a warlike country, but Germany
maintain that Germany, having been is not the cause of war.
the aggressor in the two world wars We must look for something else,
and having sustained an aggressive something more profound. War is
G;RIN ANI) IBt;A" ril
political, racial, nationalistic and re-
ligious. The latter three can be
classified as sociological factors, and
it is these three that seem to me
the most fundamental factors in-
volved in the reasons for war. They
can be traced to human nature where-
in lies the basic cause for war.
People throughout the history of
the world have been, and still are,
gullible. We would rather accept
an assertion, no matter how false,
than investigate it. We are intellec-
tually lazy. Because of this human
failing partisan groups throughout
history have been able to turn race
on race, creed on creed, and nation
against nation, using the most ludi-
crous lies as weapons. Goebbels'
most effective weapon has been the
lie. Nazi propaganda has been built
on the correct assumption that the
bigger the lie, the greater its success.
Tell the people that the Jews are
the international bankers and that
the international bankers are draw-
ing Germany into war: Nes, and si-
multaneously tell the people that the
Jews are the bolshevists, advocates
of a diametrically opposite economic
philosophy, and people, not only in
Germany, but throughout the world
believe these lies and act accordingly
by discriminating against and perse-
cuting Jews. The American Negro
finds himself bound to a lower econ-
omic and social level than white citi-
zens because of unfounded lies that
have insinuated themselves into the
minds of people who are too intellec-
tually lazy to investigate, too willing
to blindly accept lies. Under the Ro-
man emperors Nero, Domitian and
Diocletian the early Christians were
murdered because it was rumored
that they drank human blood at re-
ligious services. Absurd! Of course
it is absurd, but it went unconfirmed,
was accepted and was acted upon.
War will come to an end only
when peoples, through increased so-
cial, economic and political under-
standing, learn to know and appre-
ciate each other. Such contact is
now forcing, and will, in the future,
force us to discard misconceptions
which our intellectual laziness lets
us accept as true.
Americans, now in China, have dis-
covered that the Chinese are not all
laundrymen or pigtailed philosophers.
Amazing it was to most Americans
that Japan is able to wage modern
warfare in the style a-la-western
hemisphere, .and equally amazing it
must be to them, that American sol-
diers are not morally and physically
as soft as they were told they were.
When all the races of mankind get
to know each other, we will find out
that we are all essentially the same,
physically, and psychologically if not
culturally. When we realize this
fundamental truth we can no longer
fall prey to false assertions aimed
at dividing us. As one human broth-
erhood we will be able to work out
our problems without resort to war.
That this day is far off is fairly
certain, for historical change comes
slowly. Only a tremendous stimulus
can hasten the pace of progtess.
Whathcourse humanity follows after
this war will determine whether this
war is a sufficient stimulus to hasten
the day when war will disappear from
S -Arthur 3 Kraft
t . , w ....._ .. U..,.,4., .... .,
"Us 'Seabees' oughta make a fortune after the war!
how many rooftops will need landing repairs with;
helicopters they'll be using!"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
NEGATIVE CAMPAIGN TACTICS:
Dewey' s Do Nothing' Policy Asks a Little
Too Much of Intelligent American Voters
TUESDAY, MARCH 28, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 104
All notices for the Daily .Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
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p.m. of the clay preceding its puiblica-
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If you wish to finance the purchase
of a home, or if you have purchased
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tract and owe a balance of approxi-
mately 60 per cent of the value of the
property, the Investment Office, 100
South Wing of University Hall,
would be glad to discuss financing
through the medium of a first mort-
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Registration will be held throughI
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FORMATION, 201 Mason Hall. Of-
fice hours are 9 to 12 a.m. and 2 to
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Mentor Reports: Reports on stand-
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Martha Cook Building: Women in-
terested in residence in the Building
for the academic year 1944-45 are
asked to complete their applications
or to call for appointments at once.
Mrs. Diekema. Phone 6216.
Dr, James Francis Cooke, Pres.i-
dent of the Presser Foundation, anc
Editor of "The Etude," will speak at
8:30 p.m., Friday, March 31, in the
Lecture Hall of the Rackham Build-
ing, on "The Fifth Freedom."
The public is cordially invited.
French Lecture: Miss Helen B.
Hall, Curator, Institute of Fine Arts
will give the sixth of the French Lec-
tures sponsored by the Cercle Fran-
cais, Thursday, March 30, at 4:10
p.m. in Room D, Alumni Memorial
Hall. The titles of her le'cture is:
"Daumier et d'autres de la vie Fran-
cais" (illustrated). Admission by
ticket. Servicemen free.
Speeded Reading Course: The spe.
cial short course in speeded reading
will be given for students wishing to
improve their reading ability. Those
interested call Mr. Morse, Ex. 682
The course will meet twice a week foi
eight weeks. There will be no charge
for this non-credit course. Students
who had eye movement pictures tak-
en last term may obtain their prints,
Rm. 4205 UHS.
slips from the departmental store-
keeper, on Tuesday and Wednesday
between 2 and 5 p.m.
Medical students will receive their
refund slips through their class offI-
History Make-Up Examinations for
the fall term will be held at 4 p'm.,
Friday, March 31, in Rm. C, H.H.
Unity: Dr. Herbert J. Hunt, au-
thor, Bible scholar and present Spir-
itual Director of the Detroit Unity
Association, will speak at the Unity
Reading Rooms, 310eS. State St., Rm.
31, at 8 o'clock this evening. His
subjects will be 'Keeping Both Feet
on the Ground.'
Bacteriology Seminar will meet
today at 4:30 p.m. in Rm. 1564 East
Medical Building. Subject: The ap-
plication of certain methods for the
identification of respiratory viruses.
All interested are invited.
The Hillel-Avukah Study Group
will meet at 8 p.m. today at the Hillel
Foundation. The topic for discussion !
will be "Jewish Self -Hatred" The
public is welcome.
Inter-Guild is starting its weekly
lunches again. The first will be this
Wednesday at Lane Hall at 12 noon.
All students that are interested are
invited to come. If possible make
reservations with Doris Lee, 3470, by
THOMAS E. DEWEY blasted the President
Friday night because the people know "far
too little about our own foreign policies and
practically nothing about our diplomatic com-
This is an interesting statement coming from
a man who has refused to commit himself on
any national issues. It used to be that presiden-
tial candidates would (1) announce their candi-
lacy (2) state what they would have done if
they had been President (3) state what they will
(Io when they become President.
Silent Tom has done none of these things.
Je vreters to pretend not to declare his inten-
tions so he can back out at the last minute if
he needs to. He would rather sit in his own
back yard and take pot shots at FDR with his
.w atter-gun. never making any con-
object for the sake of objecting. That's the
least objectionable thing to do.
His supporters have expressed the belief that
Dewey will win the nomination easily. They
state that he is the logical recipient of the anti-
Willkie sentiment and feel that this, added to
the support Dewey has generally on the grounds
of availability, will be sufficient.
It's very possible that this will happen. And
we can't picture Dewey saying "no" when the
nomination is handed him. But we also can't
picture the American people electing a man who
says nothin.g - Ray Dixon
By Crockett Johnson
Stuff his gagman clips from old
I tried to explain cultural
I can't be bothered with the