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February 26, 1943 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-02-26

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' F. '

1 171 t., it IL A i


Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
National Advertising Service, Inc.
.e College Publishers Representative
Editorial Staff
John Erlewine. . . . . Managing Editor
Bud Brimmer . . . . . . City Editor
Marion Ford . . . . . Associate Editor
Charlotte Conover . . . . Associate Editor
Eric Zalenski . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Betty Harvey . . . . Women's Editor

Too 'igh f or so'.li ttl e



Templeton's concert last night in
Hill Auditorium, by the nature of
the program itself, must take account
of its two distinctly contrasting sec-
tions: the classical first half and th
second half's "varieties."
The former, a conglomerate of
classical pieces more vaguely remin-
iscent of a music student's repertoire
than that of a virtuoso and concert
pianist, was done spotty justice.
Beginning with Bach's "Prelude
Arioso" and continuing through his
rendition of Schumann's "Warum"
and Beethoven's "Sonata in F-
sharp major," Templeton's harsh-
ness of tone and lack of adequate
dynamic change marred and dis-
torted the seriousness of the in-
terpretation he attempted to con-
vey. With the exception of Brahm's
"Intermezzo in E-flat," these two
flaws together with his tendency to
"Templeton-ize" his renditions ap-
peared throughout the remainder
of the classical section.
A JUDGMENT of the success of his
concert must be in terms of how
well he achieved what he attempted
to do, the first numbers, while they
showed feeling for the classics, were
unconvincing in that they were far
from the artistic concepts their com-
posers intended to convey. The Bee-
thoven sonata, one of his later works,
evidenced a light Mozart touch in-
appropriate to the latter but typical;
of Templeton's tendency to read his
own impressions into the music. Yet,
as a concert pianist it was his obli-
gation to render the music as the
author wrote it, and in a manner
satisfactory to the music itself-
which wasn't done.
Mr. Templeton is possessed of a
fine technique and at times does
excellent playing. Yet it is obvious
that he is far from a first-rate con-
cert pianist; his forte appeared in
the second half when he found
himself in an informal element
more conducive to his talents. By
use of a remarkable ability to mim-
ic and improvise the pianist de-
lighted both his audience and-we
readily concede-his reviewer.
M. F. B.
A Milwaukee utility has electric
meters read every three months in-
stead of monthly to save tires, gaso-
line, and manpower.


Business Staff

Edward J. Periberg .
Fred M.' Ginsberg
M(ary Lou Curran
Jane Lindberg .

Business Manager
Associate Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

WASHINGTON - Gradually more
details of the State Department's
policy of cooperating with Vichy ap-
peasers is leaking out, and unfor-
tunately it does make good reading.
Latest untold chapter is how the
big bankers in Paris knew in advance
all about the American landing in
North Africa and transferred their
funds there to the tune of 25 billion
francs or $350,000,000. Then, after
sneaking this sum out of France, the
French bankers, with the aid of their
friend, U. S. Minister Robert Mur-
phy, brought pressure to raise the
exchange rate on the franc.
Finally they succeeded. This sim-
ple transaction increased the hold-
ings of the State Department's bank-
ing friends to $525,000,000.
The story seems almost unbeliev-
able, but here are the sordid details.
. Ever since the fall of France, Ger-
many has been taking over valuable
French property from the Jews, la-
bor unions, and refugees who had
fled from occupied countries. In do-
ing this, the Germans obviously were
preparing for a long-term, throttle-
hold on France. so they went about
it very carefully.
Apparently they wanted to avoid
litigation in French courts after the
war so they arranged these deals
through certain French banks. The
Jewish, labor union and refugee
property was ordered taken over and
given to the banks. Then the Ger-
mans bought the property from the
banks, paying in francs.
However, the francs were taken
out of the "Occupation Francs"
which the Bank of France paid to
Germany every day, for the cost of
occupation; so actually these deals
did not cost the Nazis anything.
Huge French Profits
The French bankers were per-
mitted to keep the purchase price of
the property, so they amassed huge
profits, and it was these profits
which were transferred to North Af-
-ica before the American landing.
The banks doing business with the
Germans were: the Banque de Paris

et de Pay Bas, the Banque de l'Indo-
China and the Banque Wurms.
Despite their close cooperation with
Germany, apparently these bankers
knew in advance that U.S. troops
were going to land in North Africa.
How they knew this military secret
in ample time to send their money to
Algiers-though the U.S. Cabinet did
not know it until a few days before-
has not been definitely established
on this side of the Atlantic.
However, certain circumstantial
facts are sigificant. The charming
and naive Robert Murphy, had as his
close friend Jacques Lemaigre-Du-
breuil, head of the French Associa-
tion of Taxpayers, a big business
lobby--financed by many of these
bankers. Lemaigre-Pubreuil worked
hand in glove with the Comite des
Forges, or Steel trust, which had
property in Austria and Axis coun-
tries. He had led the fascist disturb-
ances in Paris in 1934, shared the
same political philosophy as these
German-collaborating bankers, and
was close to them.
Strangely enough it was Lemaigre-
Dubreuil whom Murphy chose to
handle his contacts for the invasion
of North Africa. It was he who
picked General Giraud, arranged to
get him to North Africa in disguise,
and who was Murphy's key man in
this vitally important operation.
How much Lemaigre-Dubreuil told
his banker friends in Paris about our
military plans is his secret, but it is
an incontrovertible fact that they
moved their 25 billion franc profits,
wrung from unfortunate Jews and
labor unions, to North Africa shortly
before the U.S. landing.
French Banking Lobby
After U.S. troops landed, the State,
War and Treasury departments had
agreed to keep the exchange rate at
75 francs for one dollar. Whereupon
the French bankers immediately
launched a lobbying campaign to
peg the franc at 50 to the dollar.
Obviously this would greatly enhance
the 25 billion franc nest-egg they
had sneaked out of Paris.

Telephone 23-24-1

Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. -- c-

Congress Plays Politics
In Crippling Commission
HE CONGRESS of the United States has
often accused the President of playing poli-
tics. They point out that political games will
jeopardize our national war effort.
But the recent actions of these legislators
provesbeyond any doubt that they are the ones
indulging in playing politics. In fact their inter-
lference with Presidential policies is endanger-
ing the chances for an Allied victory.
When one considers the serious repercussions
gnd complications that will result because of the
douse refusal to grant $2,454,000 to the War
Manpower Commission, it is easy to anticipate
the effect on American industry.
LABOR and Management have recently
pointed out that "absenteeism" is one of
the major problems in the defense plants. Yet
the House appropriations committee refused
to allow the Secretary of Labor the money to
make the proper investigations in order to
solve this situation.
The legislators also took it upon themselves to
squelch the National Resources Planning Board.
The planning board sought money to continue
work until next June 30. Congress had previously
refused to appropriate the $1,400,000 that would
finance the board for the next year.
Editorials and presidential proclamations
have declared that the board will have to sus-
pend operations and so a board that might
have been able to save billions will be sacri-
ficed to save a million.
SOME Congressmen admit that the real reason
for their action is to defeat the administra-
tion. This must be true in the case of the House
refusal to appropriate money for the care of
children of employed mothers and the refusal
to allow emergency grants for the maternity and
infant care in enlisted men's families.
How inspiring it must be to a soldier on the
battlefield to know that the country for which
he is fighting has no intention of caring for his
new born child.
These actions on the part of the Congress of
the United States show a deliberate effort to
sabotage the country's war effort when every
moment is needed to consider important vital
war legislation.
If the trend continues-the war can only last
longer, the final peace settlement be less satis-
factory and the nation socially and econom-
ically poorer. - Margaret Frank
Michigan's Time Mix-Up
Blocks U.S. Efficiency
ICHIGAN is now operating under two time
schedules, with Detroit and Ann Arbor dif-
ferent from the rest of the state.
This mix-up in the middle of America's war
effort dates back to long before Dec. 7, 1941.
Michigan was on Daylight Saving time before
Pearl Harbor was dreamed of, and thus was an
hour ahead of herself.
So when the United States went on "war time"
last spring, moving all clocks an hour forward,
Michigan ended up two hours in advance of her
normal time. This meant that while days here
were longer in daylight, the mornings were
,nka nd tl, nn annrecabla svine in ele,-

OWI Activities Hindered
By Lack of Coordination
DESPITE the energetic work of the Office of
War Information under Elmer Davis, which
has brought a great improvement in the coordi-
nation of information releases to the public,
there are a lot of things which people don't
understand, actions and statements which make
the public wonder exactly what is going on in
First Paul V. McNutt, head of the then newly
organized War Manpower Commission an-
nounced that it would probably be necessary to
draft labor, and later he urged that there be
mass exemption of certain workers, a plan for-
bidden by the Selective Service Act.
Immediately labor leaders and Selective Ser-
vice officials were on his neck. When he had
aroused more opposition than he could handle,j
he got worried, retracted these announcements,
and handed the public a new line which only
made matters worse. And the public demanded
that the OWI let them know what the officials
were doing, when even the officials didn't
SIMILAR to this was the rubber situation. A
series of contradictory statements made it
uncertain whether or not there is actually a
sufficient supply of rubber. This made the short-
age of tires and gasoline rationing harder pills
to swallow than ever, because the public is will-
ing to make sacrifices, but not when they are
unnecessary, as some officials insisted. And still
people blamed the OWI
Not all, however, of the confusion has resulted
from conflicting statements of government offi-
cials. Many contradictions may be seen in the
lives of those who are fighting the war. The
public heard about the "Four Freedoms," and
then watched a group of Senators filibuster
equality away on the anti-poll tax issue.
Winston Churchill made a statement that
he wasn't made England's first minister in
order to preside at the liquidations of the
British Empire, which just didn't jive with
Wallace's "century of the common man" ad-
dress. And the situation in India causes Gan-
dhi to go on a hunger strike which meanwhile
is bringing him precariously near death.
THE OWL has done a lot to clear up confusion
where it has had facts, or at least a positive
policy upon which to base its pork. This was
shown about the time Army and Navy officials
couldn't get together on exactly what had hap-
pened in the Pacific, and also when the OWI
managed to inform the public on the progress
of the trial of the eight saboteurs.
If however, the public is going to know what
is going on, and in a democracy the public has
a right to know, more will have to be accom-
plished than what the OWI has the power to
do. The root of the problem is the failure of
officials to determine definite policies and then
to stick to them. Only when this has been
done can facts, instead of confusion, be re-
ported to the American public.
- Jean Richards
time, due to the number of war plants in that
city. Ann Arbor elected to remain with Detroit.
THE SITUATION now is much more confusing
than it was before the legislature took mat-
ters into their own hands. The greater part of
the state is now an.hour away from the rest of
the country.
The confusion arising from the different
times within this state is one example of why

I'd Rather
Be Right_
GET an overpowering feeling of stately irrele-
vancy from the news these days. India is
being allowed to slip into a new crisis, as Gandhi
dies, while everybody concerned observes all the
proper formalities. A magnificent exercise in
punctilio goes on; our own government carefully
refrains from interfering, from asking for a
compromise, as if its chief duty were to show that
it is well-behaved. But the moment cries out that
our chief duty is to win the war, and victory is
not awarded as a prize for politeness.
And so we announce that Indian affairs are
internal affairs, for the British to settle; even
an Indian revolution, under this theory, becomes
an internal affair, though our troops would be
in the center of the whirlpool. And everybody is
right and proper and formal; we are behaving
circumspectly and legally; only India begins to
break loose from our world and to float away.
No matter; everybody observed the proprieties,
and in the lexicon of diplomacy, that is accepted
as an excuse for any disaster.
VEN a sort of moral case is made against
Gandhi; he is fasting, say the British, by his
own choice; the responsibility is his; there is
even "an element of coercion" in fasting, says
the Viceroy. It is, of course, improper to exer-
cise coercion, and it would be improper to yield
to it, and so that settles that. The problem is
But it is not; the problem is India. I do not
know how to judge Gandhi's behavior; I would
not dare to say; I do not believe the rules of
etiquette are applicable for judging the end-
results of two hundred years of colonial vexa-
tion, irritation and, finally, exasperation. What
is correct form for a man who has spent a life-
time trying, to win freedom for his country,
and who finds himself in jail during a war
for freedom, his movement being smashed? I
have consulted the authorities on proper be-
havior. They are silent on the point. Correct
form will tell you how much to tip a chamber-
maid. It is not applicable to the social emer-
gency of saving one's country.
THROUGH the proprieties there now begins to
run a panic note of incoherence; the official
stories conflict with each other. We hear that
the India independence movement has settled
down, it amounts to little. We hear also that it
is so huge that it menaces the war. We hear that
Gandhi is without real power. We hear he has
so much power that his fast threatens the coun-
try. We hear that he has no hold on a splintered
India. We hear that he has so much hold on
India that all India has settled down to watch
him with anxious eyes. Gandhi is nothing. Gan-
dhi is everything.
But all concerned continue to be so proper
and circumspect that it hurts. We are con-
ducting private conversations with our British
allies, but on the basis of the public theory
that we have no concern in the matter; that
is proper, too; only it makes our private con-
versations ineffective. Indian moderates, such
as Sapru and Rajagopalachari are trying to


FRIDAY, FEB. 26, 1943r
VOL. LIII No. 99d
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-,
letin are to be sent to the Office of the f
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
If you wish to financethe purchase of a
home, or if you have purchased improved
property on a land contract and owe a
balance of approximately 60 per cent of the
value of the property, the Investment Of-
fice, 100 South Wing of University Hall,
would be glad to discuss financing through
the medium of a first mortgage. Such fi-
nancing may effect a substantial saving in
Public Health Assembly; Doctor Albert
McCown, Medical Director of the Ameri-
can Red Cross, will speak before a Public
Health Assembly at 4:00 p.m. on Monday,
March 1, in the Auditorium of the Kellogg
Foundation Institute on "The Red Cross
and the war."
The public is invited to attend the lec-
Faculty, College of Literaturg, Science,
and the Arts: The regular meeting of the
faculty will be held in Room 1025 Angell
Hall on Monday,March 1, at 4:10 p.m.
The reports of the various committees
have been prepared in advance and are
included with this call to the meeting.
They should be retained in your files as
part of the minutes of the March meeting.
Edward H. Kraus
1. Consideration of the minutes of the
February meeting, pp. 932-935, which have
been distributed by campus mail.
2. Consideration of reports submitted
with the call to this meeting.
a. Executive Committee-Professor L.
I. Bredvold.
b. Executive Board of the Graduate
School-Professor C. S. Schoepfle.
c. University Council-Professor H. H.
d. Deans' Conference-Dean E. H.
3. New Business.
4. Announcements.
Students who plan to enter one of the
following professional schools: Law, Busi-
ties because it is filled with people
who want their freedom.
AND PERHAPS there runs through
Gandhi's mind some such phrase
as: "I was not called to be the first
minister of my people in order to
preside over the liquidation of their
Our duty is to resolve the Indian
question as it is, including Gandhi
as he is. We cannot take refuge in

ness Administration, or Forestry and Con-
iervation at the beginning of the summer
term on the Combined Curriculum must
file an application for this Curriculum in
the Office of the Dean .of the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, 1210 An-
gell Hall, on or before March 1, 1943. After
this date applications will be accepted only
upon the presentation of a satisfactory ex-
cuse for the delay and the payment of a
fee of $5.00.
Students planning to petition the Hop-
wood Committee should read paragraph 18
on page 9 of the Hopwood bulletin. The
deadline for such petitions is March 1.
R. w. Cowden
German Table for Faculty Members will
meet Monday at 12:10 p.m. in the Found-
ers' Room, Michigan Union. Members of
all departments are cordially invited.
There will be a brief talk on "Soziologie
in der Praxis" by Mr. Hanns Pick.
Phi Kappa Phi Fellowships: The Na-
tional Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society each
year awards a certain number of Graduate
Fellowships with stipend of $500 to be
devoted to study in some American Col-
lege or University. In addition the Na-
tional Fellowship Committee is able to
secure in some uriiversities tuition fellow-
ships for the successful candidates. Un-
dergraduate members of Phi Kappa Phi
elected during the fall term of the present
year are eligible to apply. The closing
date for applications to be received by the
kccal chapter is March 11. Further infor-
mation and application blanks may be se-
cured from the Secretary, Mary C. van
Tuyl. in Room 3123 N. S. Bldg.
University Lecture: Professor R. S. Knox,
Department of English, University of Tor-
onto, will lecture on the subject, "Recent
Shakespearian Criticism," under the auspi-
ces of the Department of English Language
and Literature, on Monday, March 1, at 3:15
p.m. in the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is invited.
French Lecture: Mr. Alphonse R. Fav-
reau of the Romance Language Depart-
ment will give the sixth of the French
Lectures sponsored by the Cercle Fran-
cais entitled: "La Jeunesse d'Alphonse
Daudet" on Wednesday, March 3, at 4:15
p.m. in Room D, Alumni Memorial Hall.
Open to the public.
Academic Notices
Students, College ofuLiterature, Science,
and the Arts: No course may be elected
for credit after Saturday, February 27.
E. A. Walter
Make-up examination for Psychology 31,
Lecture Sections I and III, will be given
Tuesday, March 2, at 7:30 p.m. in Room
1121 N.S.

elementary examination for those absent.
from final will be held in Room 3089 N.S.
on Saturday, Feb. 27, at 9:00 a.m.
History 12, section 24 (WS at 9 o'clock)
which formerly met in Room 2016 Angell
Hall will now meet in Room 2014 Angell
H-.Harry DeVries
The Statistical Laboratory, 3003 Angell
Hall, will not be open Friday evenings,
as it has been in the past. Instead, the
small laboratory, 3201 Angell Hall, will
be open on Saturday mornings, from 9 to
Exhibit: Museum of Art and Archaeol-
ogy, Newberry Hall. Photographs of Tu-
nisia by George R. Swain, Official Pho-
tographer to the University of Michigan
Expedition to North Africa in 1925. Tunis,
Medjez-el-Bab, Tozeur, Tebessa, Sfax,
Matmata country.
Exhibition: Metal Work from Islamic
Countries (Iran, Egypt, and Syria). Rack-
ham School, through March 11. Every
afternoon, 2:00-5:00.
Events Today
The Angell Hall Observatory will be
open to the public tonight from 8:00 to
10:00 to observe the planets, Saturn and
Jupiter, the nebula in Orion, and Whip-
ple's Comet. In case of a cloudy or nearly
cloudy evening, the Observatory will not
be open. Children must be accompanied
by adults.
All house athletic managers and those
who lead exercises in their houses will
meet today at 5:00 p.m. in the Dance Stu-
dio in Barbour Gymnasium. Please wear
slacks or shorts and gym shoes. Be sure
to bring exercise participation sheets for
Feb. 15-28 to turn in. New exercises will
be presented and new participation sheets
handed out.
Eligibility cards will be signed the last
time this semester for League activities
today between 3:00 and. 5:00 p.m. at the
League Undergraduate Office.
The Dorm Committee of the Junior
Project will meet today at 5:00 p.m. In
the League.
Rehearsal of the Women's Glee Club,
this afternoon at 4:00. Attendance com-
pulsory. Bring eligibility cards and dues.
Presbyterian Students are welcome at
the Church for a social evening tonight
beginning at 8:30.
Episcopal Students: Tea will be served
for Episcopal students and their friends
this afternoon by the Canterbury Club
4:00-5:30, in Harris Hall.

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