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February 20, 1943 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-02-20

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~ T
1 1 .1 1 L-i1 1.1 .,

..... ........ ... ... .. .... ..

Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of ,Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
MEPRESEI'T6O FOR NATION,.L AIWVIJ'"C' JM
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Pablishers Representative,
420 MADigsON AVE. NEw YORK. N. Y.
c*ICAGO * BOSTON . LOS AEGELS * SAN sFRANCisco

T imes HI ve Changed, Doc!

tr.

.'..:
- . , ;.

The WASHINGTON
MERRY-GO-ROUND
By DREW PEARSON

f 11 ;

Editorial Staff

WASHINGTON- In the last few
days the President himself has si-
lenced Administration critics of
Claude Wickard, and decreed that
he remain as Secretary of Agricul-
ture.
The President's stand came at the
height of an increasing storm brew-
ing round the amiable Indiana corn
farmer, whom everyone likes but
whose all-important. food program
is lagging.
White House advisers have told
the President that Wickard's pro-
gram was inadequate, that it must
be drastically revised, that there
would be shocking deficiencies of
food. Some have urged that Wick-
ard be replaced.
The President, however, has de-
fended hit Secretary of Agricul-
ture. But also he has appointed
White House secretary Lauchlin
Currie- whose-regular field is Chi-
nese relations- to act as umpire,
on the farm program. Currie has
now given Wickard a' nine-point
program for revamping American
agriculture and among other things
has pointed out that England in-
creased her food production 50 per
cent with little additional man-
power. Why, he asks, cannot the
United States do the same?

Wickard Fari Program
Wickard's response to this sweep-
ing proposal was to accept part of
it, reject part.
He believes the produetion goals
are already high enough, that it's
too late to present a new program
for 1943, that cotton goals have al-
ready been substantially lowered,
and tobacco reduction would re-
quire change of the law.
He agrees to removal of acreage
restrictions on most crops, but not
on cotton and wheat, which still
yield embarrassing surpluses.
Claude is a little touchy on the
question of county agents and corn-
mitteemen, insisting that Federal
representation is adequate.
On other points, however, he
agrees with the White House pro-
posals, declaring some already are
in effect. He wants to bring the
1,00O,00 less efficient farmers into
full production, to increase 'dehy-
dration of foods, convert truck
farmers from iceberg lettuce, etc.,
and organize a new land army from
towns and cities. In fact, he already
has a plan well advanced for the
"land airny."

Wickard, who had hardly been
heard of before his elevation to
Wallace's place in the Cabinet, has
had clear sailing for two years,
thanks in part to good weather.
Now, however, he is facing just
as tough a job in trying to pro-
duce more, as Wallace faceA telL
years ago in trying to produce
less. No Secretary of Agriculture
ever faced more opposite and
more difficult problems.
Wickard knows his position .is
shaky. But he is on his mettle,
fighting to meet the production
goals.

John Erlewine .
Irving Jaffe .
Bud Brimnmer .
Marion Ford
Charlotte Conover.
Eric Zalenski
Betty Harvey
Edward J. Perlberg.
Fred M. Ginsberg
Mary Lou Curran
Jane Lindberg .

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. .- . -City Editor
Associate Editor
*Associate Editor
Sports Editor
Women's Editor
Business Staff
*Business Manuager
Associate 1usiness Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's ,Advertising Manager

. '
proR

Industrial Miracle
It didn't make headlines, but an
interesting piece of news came out
of Erie, Pa., the other day, which
goes to the roots of the whole war
production program.
The news was that the General
Electric plant at Erie hid turned
out its 100 shaft of destroyer tur-
bines a full eleven months ahead
of schedule. This was an industrial
miracle and a tribute solely to
Charles E. Wilson, ex-head of Gen-
eral Electric, now cooling his heels
part-time in Washington because
the Army is jealous of his getting
hold of the war production pictute.

Telephone 23-24-1.
NIGHT EDITOR: MARY RONAY
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
$1,000 MORE:
IFC Contribution Sets
Pace for Campus Aid

0 0

r.. I

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Take 9t

THE INTERFRATERNITY Council's $1,000
contribution to the Bnmber Scholarship An-
noun'ed Thursday is a move worthy of praise.
The Bomber Scholarship Fund was designed to
provide money to old Michigan studlent returning
to school after the war. The success of this post-
war policy depends upon the cooperation of all.
The IFC has more than done its part.
This incident, however, is not singtzlar. It
reflects the general cooperativ attitude of the
IFC over the past year. Activities have been
revamped to meet the war emergency on cam-
pus. It has eliminated frills and added its
weight to the University war effort on the home
front.
ALWAYS ready to lend a helping hand, the IFC
has actively participated' in nume'ous can-
pus war projects. It worked closely with the Man-
power Corps in staging one of the largest scrap
drives of any American college- collecting 100
tons of scrap metal last fall.
Fraternity men's response to blood banks, their
sale of war bonds and stamps, and their Victory
Vanities' production all are indicative of how
the IFC has met an emergency.
The Interfraternity Council has set the campus
a good example- a pattern worth following.
-Stan Wallace
OLIVE BRANCH:
Axis Peace Propaganda
Receives New Impetus
SENSING the possibility of war on two fronts in
1943, the well greased Axis propagandama-
chine is already rising to the occasion with an
early release of their usual spring peace offen-
sive.
In an attempt to relieve this dangerous pos-
sibility the "olive branch" is now being ex-
tended to ourselves and our British allies. It
was Virginio Gayda, spokesman for the Gau-
leiter of Italy, Benito Mussolini, who sounded
the keynote of the new offensive when he wrote
that Italy was willing to make a peace with
Britain and the United States but never with
Soviet Russia.
At this point, however, it .would appear that
the Rome radio, got its orders mixed for while it
quickly jumped to denounce Gaydas offer with
a degrading reference to "that unauthorized
newspaperman," Berlin radio let loose with a
repetition of Gayda's offer.
THE REASON behind this new display of "love
and affection" for us on the part of our ene-
mies is quite obvious. Germany, heavily overtaxed
by a manpower, transportation and oil shortage
would like nothing better than to have ourselves
and the British conveniently drop out of the war
and then be in a position to mass all her available
resources to clean up that debacle in Russia. With
this job finished she could go to work again on
the "decadent democracies."
This insidious attempt to cause a. rift among
the Aliesis bound to meet with the same fail-
ure as the other Axis peace offensives. We have
pledged ourselves by the United Nations' Dee-
laration to no separate peace. Just one month
ago at Casablanca we stated our terms. Uncon-
ditional surrender! - Monroe Fink
Tb A TI W7"1? T1.

Or lea Oe 9t
By Jason

yOU'VE been seeing quite a lot in The Daily in
the last year of what it politely called (with
a leer) "of a controversial nature." You've read
complaints against racial discrimination-which
annoyed certain local bigwigs. You've read state-
ments of unfair labor practices 'in local plants-
which infuriated others. You've seen argument,
counter-argument, recrimination.
But all this is nothing new. Turn to The Daily
twenty years ago. A Daily well satisfied-say its
editors- with the "certain degree of freedom"
which the Board in Control of that day allowed.
A student paper-this Daily of March, 1922-
which provided a forum for student thought,
a clearing-house of vigorous young American
opinion on "items of real moment." Real train-
ing in independent thinking, in the essentials
of courageous journalism, was offered The
Daily boys of 1922.
The editors inaugurated March with a stirring
campaign entitled, appropriately enough, "The
Wearing of the M." In this original and, indeed,
almost subversive crusade, the valiant young
journalists of that day had to buck the "failure
of athletes to do their part." The editorial con-
cludes in striking fashion, "One day each week
ought to be set aside for the wearing of athletic
insignia, if the plan is to accomplish its real
purpose.
Such was the auspicious beginning. But the
climax of the vigor with which the editors of
that day used their "limited freedom" came on
March 12. The Daily crashed forth with Four-
teen Points:
From time immemorial, complaints have
continually arisen that The Daily, besides be-
ing amateurish in many ways, lacked any defi-
nite policy with which to back itself up. The
members of its staff are accused of working
without aim. In view of this fact, The Daily
takes this occasion to correct such an erroneous
view, and to outline the major portions of its
policy. The Daily believes:
1. That prices charged for both necessities
and luxuries in Ann Arbor, for the most part
are; and for a long time have been, far too
high. The Daily feels that they should be re-
duced...
3. That strict discipline of freshmen should
be maintained, to the end that the customs and
traditions of Michigan may be upheld and.
preserved, . .
5. That Cap Night should be made the basic
center for a week's festivities in th, spring...
6. That the Union swimming pool should be
completed as soon as possible.. .
7. That Michigan should inaugurate a plan
for preserving motion picture records of all
big events of each year-.-
14. And, finally, that the entrance require-
ments should be maintained at a high enough
level so that the University will suffer no loss
in her academic standing because of the type
of men and women admitted here.
These points constitute the main portion of
The Daily's policy, which it seeks to uphold
through these columns. It has been charged
for training- a twenty-four week period with

I'd Rather
Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON y
NEW YORK- Let us note that the Russians
have won their remarkable successes in street
fighting (Stalingrad, Rostov, Kharkov) without
using those modern weapons, tank and airplane.
The big street fights have been won by sweat,
and on foot.
This is a blow to the conception that man's fate
is being determined exclusively by machines that
cost a lot to build and make a great deal of noise.
MEN AGAINST TANKS
It is now the official Russian theory, expressed
by several commanders in press interviews, that
the tank is useless in fighting within a city. It
has been decisively defeated, time after time, by
adequately armed men on foot. One Russian com-
mander tells, with something like a snicker, how
the Germans, blindly relying on tanks, tried to
use as many as 400 at one time in crowded nar-
row streets, only to be jammed, stalled and beat-
en back by unmounted, unarmored men. And
in Stalingrad, the Russians baffled enemy avia-
tion by the expedient of deliberately pitching
their lines so close to the enemy as to make
bombing too risky. We might, by straining a lit-
tle, say that the Germans have lost in the big
cities partly because of their old-fashioned, con
servative reliance on tanks and airplanes.
Thus does the brilliant strategic conception of
last year become the brass-hat-ism of today. The
Germans are being whipped by superior concep-
tions, just as they whipped the French by means
of them. Among the new ideas, big and little,
recently uncorked by the Russians are that a
city can lose its usefulness as a residence center
and as a production center without losing its use-
fulness as a fortress. It has been said that ideas
are weapons, and at Stalingrad an idea of which
use was made was to direct artillery fire from a
radio station snuggled up against the enemy
lines, and therefore difficult for the enemy to
shell, while keeping Russian artillery on the far
side of the Volga River, and therefore out of
reach of German tanks.
WAGNER PLUS
Among the "modern" ideas from which some
of the shine has been taken in Russia is that the
soldier of today never really makes physical con-
tact with the enemy, that he rides in splendid,
remote Wagnerian glory in a vehicle of steel,
blitzing, surprising, surrounding, encircling. It
would be folly to deny the value of armor and
motorization; the Russians have used both vastly
that the editorials have merely been prepared
haphazardly and placed at the disposal of
each night editor, who looks through the pile,
selects those he likes best, and pblishes thet
This is a false notion...
YOU CAN easily imagine the panic which hit
the campus when such dangerous doctrines
reached print in the "official newspaper of the
University of Michigan." I wasn't there myself,
but I can picture it.
First angry freshmen protested to the Board
in Control. Then they protested to the Regents.
It took a lot of protests- and enraged parents.
too- but the final upshot was a justly stern de-
cree from the Board in Control. The Daily must
henceforth leave the subject of disciplining
freshmen strictly alone, and concentrate on topics

SATURDAY, FEB. 20, 1943
VOL. LII No. 95
All notices for the Daily Official Bu-
letin are to be sent to the Offie of the
President in typewritten forn by 330
p.m. of the day precedin its publ -
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:0 a.m
Notices
Health Educationa Personniel: This of-
fice has been itiforned of the establsh-
ment of certain fellowships administered
by the U.S. Public Health Service for the
training of health education personn~l.
The course begins March 20, 1943, at the
University of North Caroliha. Minimum
educational requirements include the B.S.
degree with emphasis on basis health
medical sciences, educational psychology,
and social sciences. Those interested may
inquire of Dr. F. E. Robbins, 1021 Angell
Hall, for further iiformation.
Library hours on. Washington's Birthday:
On Monday, February 22, the Service De-
partments of the General Library will be
open during the usual hours, 7:45 a.m. to
10:00 p.m. The Study Halls outside of the
building and the Collegiate and Depart-
nental Libraries will be closed.
Warner G. Rice,
Direetr
German Departmental Library, 204 Uni-
versity Hall. Open from 2 to 4 p.m. Tues-
day, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday
each week; Saturdays from 9 to 12 a.m.
Books may be returned at any time.
Closing hours for wonen students for
Suiday, February 21, will be 11:00 p.. kit
Monday, Washingto's birthday, 1200 mid-
night.
Ailie C. L0d,
Dean of Women
Bowing: There will be nd bowling' at
the Women's Athletic Building on Mon-
day, February 22, because of the holiday.
Students, College of Literature, Science,
and the Ats: Students who fail to' fi
their election blanks by the 'close of tlie
third week of the term, even though they
have registered and have attended clas'ses
and would have been lost lbrig'ae'
without them. But the RssiaS have
also walked their feet off; thie Ger-
man 6th Army at Stalingrad was pr-
circled with the help of one Russian{
army that is reported to have walked
200 kilometers.-
Press accounts of Russiah troops
walking to the front, at night, a-
companied by horse-drawn artillery,
differ only in detailS from Toltoy's
descriptions of the walking Russian
troops of 1812, with their horse-
drawn baggage trains. The 'Russians
have used all the Wagnerian concep-
tions of war, plus sweat.
As for contact with the enemy, the
Russians have liked it as close as
possible, often hand-to-hand; so'
close that it is reported from Stalin-
grad that German and Russian sol-
diers would sometimes find' them .
selves jumping into the same shell-
hole to dodge a blast.
It is a remarkable fact that the
most decisive battles in this most
modern war have rehabilitated hand-
to-hand infantry fighting and the
long walk through the snow.
The Lightning Has a Frozen Nose
Russia has helped to make the
world real again. She has found the
key to the magic formulas for sure
victory, and she has unlocked them.
That goes for all chromium-plated
and chi-chi approaches to victory,
including the airpower theory of vic-
tors hv.unlim'ite esr1tirntifn - crtv

unoffically, will forfeit their privilege of
continuing In the College.
E. A. Walter
Lecures
University Lecture: Professor R. S. Knox,
Department of English, University of Tor-j
onto, will lecture on the subject, "Recent
Shakespearian Criticisn," under the auspi-
ces of the DepArtment of English Languagei
and Literature, an Monday, March 1, at 3:15
p.m. in th Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is invited.
Acadentic Notices
Biological Chemistry Seminar will meet
at 7:30 p.h. on Tuesday. FebruAy 23, in
RoOi 319. West Medical' Building. "Vita-
min E-Tihe Toopiherols" will be discussed.
All interested are invited.
Bacteriology 312 Seminar will meet Tues-
day. February 23, at 4:15, p.m. in Room
1564 East Medical Building. Subject: "Tis-
sue Cl6tures for Virus Propagation." All
inte'ested are iniited.
Mae-pdexamAtionr yin History will be
given, Frday, February 26 f6om 4-6 in
Room C, Haven Hall. Students must have
permission from their instructor to take
the examination.
Economics 52 Make-up Final will be given
on Thutsday February 25, 3:00.5:00 p.m.,
in room 207 Ec. Bldg.
W. B. Palmer
Ehglish 15* (PlayOritng will meet on
Tuesday. evening, Feb. 23, in 3228 AH in-
stead of lMfonday in 3217 AH. Miss Wilson
will read her play.
enneth Rowe
Student Recital: Betty Likely, pianist,,
Will present a recital in partial fulfillment,
of the requirements for the degree of
Baehelo r of Msic t'8:30 pm. Sunday,
February 21, in Lydia Mekidelssohn Thea-
tre. Her program will consist of works by
Purcell, Beethoven and Bahms Miss Likely
is a pupil or Professor Joseph Brnkman.
The public is cordially invited.
Alec Templetohi in special piano recital
61n Thursday, Feb. 25, at 8 :3 p.m. in Hill
Audtoiu. Resrved seat tickets, tax in-
eluded, $110, 90c atid 60c, on sale at of-
fices of the University Music'al Society
daily;" except Monday, until' 50 p.m:-
DAt the night of the concert after 7:00 p.m.
in Hill Auditorium box offiee.
Charles A. Sink, President
Elvents Today
The Post-War Council will meet today
in room 302 at the Union at 1:30 p..
Anyone interested is invited.
Cohning Events
Attention Marine Reservists: Important
meeting on Tuesday at 8:30 p.m. in the
Union,. Iiistruction periods will be a-
riged. Movies of close order drill and a
speaker are also on the program.
The English Jour"al Club will meet on
Tuesday, Feb. 23; at 7:45 p.m. in the West
Conference Roon of the Rac&ham Build-
ing. Dr. Chad Walsh will' speak on "Basic
English vs. Standard English fri the Class-
room."
sigma Rho Tau will hold elections, or-
gaizatlons' and inter-debtes Tuesday.
Febr~Ary 23 at 7:0 pi. in 214 West Eng-
neering Bldg:
The Poloiia Society will meet at the
International Center on Tuesday, Febru-
ary 23, at 8:00 p.m. Election of officers
will take place. Everyone of Polish ex-
traCtin is welcome to attend. Refresh-
ments.

gilage, Building. All' students wvho Have
not already tried out shouldattend this
meeting if they desire to be in the play.
The second annual World Day of Pr~'et
for Students, sponsored by Iner-G iild
will be held Sunday at 8:15 p.m. at tie
First Congregational Church. The service
will be led by James Terrell, chairman of
the committee planning the service, and
Lewis Howard, president of Inter-build.
The offering taken at the service will be
donated to the World Student Ser~vice
Fond, established to assist students in the
war-torn areas of the world. Townspeople
and students are cordially invited.
Churches
St. Andre*'s Episcopal Church-800 a.m.
Holy Communion; 11:00 a.m. Juflio
Church; 11:00 a.m. Morning .Prayer acid'
Sermon by the Rev. John 0. Dahl;5:0
p.m. Choral Evensong with music by the
Schola Cantorum; 8:15 p.m. The Canter-
bury Club for Episcopal students will at,
tend the Inter-Guild World Day 'of Piayer
Service at the Congregational Ciurch.
First Methodist Church and Wesley
Foundation: Sunday Class at 9:30 a.m.,
Professor George E. Carrothers, leader.
Morning Worship at 10:40 o'clock.. Dr.
C. W. Brashares will preach on "The First
'Must'." Wesleyan Guild meeting begin-
ning with supper and fellowship hour at
6:00 o'clock. Dr. T. T. Brumbaugh of the
Detroit Council of Churches will speak at,
6:45 p.m. on 'The Sovereignty of the
N'ation"
Lutheran Student Chapel: Divine Service
In League Chapel Sunday at11 :00 a.m.
Sermon by the Rev. Alfred Scheipp,
"Christ's Sacrificial Love."
No Student Club Meeting Sunday eYe-
ning.

4

First Church of Christ, Scientist:
Wednesday evening service at 8:00.
Sunday morning service at 10:30.
Subject: "Mind."
Sunday School at 11:45 a.rn.
Free Public Reading Room at 108 .
Washington St., open every day except,,
Sundays and holidays, from 11:30. a.m.
until 5:00 p.m., Saturdays until 9:00 p.m.
First Baptist Church:
10:00 a.m.: The Roger Wilam§ Class
will meet in the Guild House, 502 E. Huron,
to study the letter to the Ephesiafts. The
Graduate Class will meet in the Church to
discuss "What Can We. Believe About the
Sacraments?"
11:00 a.m.: Sermon, "Brotherhood," by
Rev. C. H. Loucks.
7:00 p.m.: The regular meeting of 'the
Roger Williams Guild will be held at tie
Guild House. Howard Fulsher will discuss
the activity of th World Student Christian
Federation. At 8:15 p.m. the Guild will
meet with other Guilds~ at the Congrega-
tional Church to observe the World Stu-
dent Day of Prayer.
Trinity Lutheran Church Services will be
held at 10:30 a.m. Sunday with the Rev.
Henry O. Yoder speaking on "What Bhil'
We Receive?"
Zion Lutheran Church Services wll be
held at 10:30 a.m. Sunday with the' Rev.
E. C. Stellhorn delivering the sermon.
The Lutheran Student Associatili *ill
meet at 5:30 p.m. Sunday for a luncheb'
and discussion. The Rev. Samiel Wengj&
chaplain of Southern Michigan State Pris-
on at Jackson, will speak on "The Chtfrch
in Relation to Crime."
first Congregational Church
10:45 Morning Worship. Dr. L. A. PfrW'
Sermon will be on "The T rulrnet is
Blown, But We-?"-
5:30 p.m. Ariston League of high school
students meets. Speaker: Dr. W. S. James
on "A Bright Spot for the Dark Conti-
nent."
7:00 p.m. Student Fellowship, social hour

'd

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