iJt1 1't1 14i21 1_ 1
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Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
ae written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
WASHINGTON -What actually
is happening backstage in Congress
is that Republican reactionaries
backed by Harry Byrd, Democrat,
are using the cry of "bureaucrats"
as a smokescreen to sabotage, some
of the major reforms Roosevelt
built up during his first eight years.
Best example is the Securities
and Exchange Commission. This
police organization of Wall Street
was about the first thing FDR
started after the stock market de-
pression days after 1932. Almost
universally it has been recognized
as a reform which must stick. But
now, behind a smokescreen of at-
tacking bureaucrats, congressional
reactionaries have quietly moved in
and cut SEC appropriations to the
bone. Already the Securities and
Exchange Commission has been ex-
iled to Philadelphia, and now, away
from the Washington spotlight, it
will be whittled down to 1932 days
if GOP reactionaries have their
Note: Meanwhile the State De-
partment still hopes to persuade
the Canadian Government to ratify
the extradition treaty permitting
swindlers of America who take ref-
uge in Canada to be extradited to
this country. The Senate has okayed
extradition of stock market oper-
ators swindling Canadian citizens
but soy far the Canadian Parlia-
ment hasn't reciprocated.
Venerable Bob Doughton, North
North Carolina's long-time chair-
man of the House Ways and Means
Committee, sees red when it comes
to the Rump Plan.
Ex-Undersecretary of the Treas-
ury John Hanes, also from North
Carolina, and U.S. Chamber of
Commerce tax lobbyist Ellsworth
Alvord have been nipping doggedly
at Doughton's heels trying to win
him over to Ruml. But a religious
fervor comes into Doughton's eyes
when he fights tax postponement.
"If you press me on this," Dough-
ton tells Hanes and Alvord, "you'll
never get any more help from me
on other taxes."
Doughton believes that taxes have
to be paid, one way or the other,
and that talk of forgiving one year's
taxes is nothing less than sacri-
The few members of the Ways
and Means Committee who are for
the Ruml plan have been arguing
to their colleagues about the dan-
ger of "doubling"-in. other words
paying two years' taxes in one.
But FDR has asked for 16 bil-
lion dollars more in taxes. this
year, most of which will have to
come from individuals, Since
1942 income taxes will come to
about 13 billio;, that means only
3 billion more to make up FDR's
Enemies of the Rumi plan argue
therefore, that if you forgive 1942
taxes, namely 13 billion, you just
have to turn around and raise 16
billion, plus 13 billion in 1943. So
what difference does it make, they
say, which pocket you take your
taxes out of as long as the, income
brackets each year remain about
When Postmaster General Frank
Walker was shown a recent news
photo of himself, he said, "Is that
Herbert Hoover or me?" . . . FDR
has a panel of three photos of him-
self, showing him in three succes-
sive stages of eating a hot dog .. .
WPB's Conservation Division has
collected 400,000 poundsof silk and
nylon stockings for use in making
powder bags. .and, parachutes . . .
In addition to charting new strat-
egy, reason for sending Lt. General
Hap Arnold to Chungking was to
let him see-the "air show" in China
and sell him on more support. Ev-
eryone who goes there comes away
wanting to send more aid to sup-
port-if Willkie and: Clare Luce-
are any criterion . . . Already the
Tariff Commission is. studying the
question of a tariff on rubber to
protect the new synthetic rubber
factories from Malay rubber after
we win the war. In other words,
we're fighting to, win back the
Dutch East Indies, but will bar
their stuff after we succeed.
Daniels the Prophet
Spry 80-year-old Josephus Dan-
iels, who did more to build up the
Navy than any man except Frank-
lin Roosevelt, said some prophetic
things years before this war. After
serving as Secretary of the Navy
during all of Woodrow Wilson's
Administration, Daniels made, a
speech at Jacksonville where he
defended General Billy Mitchell, at
that time crucified for prophesying
the importance of air power.
"Mitchell," said Daniels, "was
sincere in his desire to promote
aviation, and perhaps hads hit no
harder. than was necessary to wake-
up the country."
When you consider that Daniels
had been surrounded with battle-
ship admirals, and that General
MacArthur was on the court-mar-
tial which punished Mitchell, those
words, spoken in 1926, were pro-
Daniels added further advice,
which would help the country to-
"The real need in prepared-
ness," said the ex-secretary of
the Navy, "is to abolish the of-
fices of Secretary of War and
Secretary of the Navy, and sub-
stitute a Secretary of National
Defense with sub-secretaries in
charge of each department.
"That would synchronize defense
operations under one head and it
would have the advantage of pre-
venting a great deal of duplication
and inefficiency which prevails un-
der the present system of division
between the Army and Navy."
Munro Leaf, who wrote Ferdi-
nand the Bull, hailed as a chil-
dren's classic on pacifism, has now
got himself a captain's commission
in the Army, and is more belligerent
than any West Pointer. He even
believes that it is sacrilegious to
criticize anyone in the Army, or
anything the Army does-especially
the Services of Supply, to which he
is detailed . . . Congress probably
will pass a quick temporary tax
provision requiring 20 per cent of
all income to be collected for taxes
at the source. Then the permanent
tax bill, passed more leisurely, will
provide the exact amounts to be
paid . . . Justice Byrnes, British
Supply Chief Lewellyn and the
Russian Ambassador all spoke im-
pressively at the dinner of the
American Society of Newspaper
Editors. But chief recollection the
editors took home was the wife of
the Fighting French representative
serenely smoking a long black cigar
Eastern dairy farmers who have
been putting pressure on the Agri-
culture Department don't take too
kindly to the proposed incentive
payments to dairymen for increased
Payments would be based on pro-
duction of the past three years and
a sliding scale of bonuses would
be paid to farmers increasing their
milk yield above a fixed figure-
probably a bit below their three-
Instead, dairymen argue that
the consumer can afford to pay
higher prices and should do so.
Higher prices, they say, is the
best way to get more milk. Price
stabilization officials, however,
argue that once the price of milk
is increased, the props will be
knocked right from under them
when it comes to opposing John
L. Lewis and his demand for in-
creased wages in the coal-fields.
Note: Government plans for get-
ing more farm labor include im-
portation of more Mexican work-
ers, movement of migratory work-
ers, recruiting of high school boys
and girls, the establishment of la-
bor camps and the establishment
of a women's army.
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Synd.)
The accident prevention program
of the United States Department of
Labor saved over a.million man-days
for war production last year.
National Resources Planning Board Elimination
For 'Economy' Would Cost Government Billions
SHE HOUSE of Representatives waved a new
flag and spouted an old slogan Wednesday.
Now it is rallying around the banner of all-out
war and shouting economy.
That august body, after serious deliberation,
wiped the National Resources Planning Board
out of the government Wednesday when it found
that it was a non-defense expenditure.
Here's what the House wants to do: it wants
to kill the only agency of government that is
-GET THEM IN:
Victory Book Campaign
Needs Student Support
WITH its characteristic complacency the cam-
pus has read the stories and seen the posters
announcing the Victory Book campaign and has
given practically no books.
The latest survey shows that the number of
,books collected this year is less than ten per cent
of what it was last year. Just as many books are
needed for the armed services; in fact there is a
call forthree million books.
All the books are to be collected Saturday noon;
it is imperative that they be placed in the col-
lection centers immediately. The committee for
collecting the books is a temporary one. When
the campaign ends the means of getting the
books to the military services also ends.
Any book will be appreciated. If it is not suit-,
able for use in the Army camps it will be sent to
defense areas to increase civilian libraries.
A CORNER STONE:
College War Training
Is Long Step Forward
THE COLLEGE War Training Programs of both
the Army and Navy gives rise to a very perti-
nent question of post-war domestic policy.
At present the War and Navy departments are
selecting certain students, primarily those study-
ing dentistry, medicine and various technical sub-
jects, to remain in school and finish their edu-
cation under their own sponsorship.
All education expenses of these students are
paid and they are granted, in addition, regular
Army pay for their rank.
Under the emergency of the present crisis, these
programs were born, and are now being put into
effect. The University has been approved as a
training center and a meteorological course is
soon to begin here.
The plan now being used is one that liberal
educators have been advocating for some time.
It was held that our institutions of higher
learning should be used to train the most wor-
thy students for their own benefit and that
of the nation at large.
OURAIM must be to create a greater and bet-
ter America as well as to improve the rest of
the world, after the war. One important way of
attaining this end is to provide a means whereby
the general level of intelligence be raised.
Dr. James B. Conant, President of Harvard
University, has long proposed a plan of broad
scholarship policy. The present service set-up
goes one step further and guarantees an adequate'
If it is nura im tnmake nnt-ur Americao .
doing any post-war planning of wide and long-
range importance for the sake of a very few
dollars. But that is economy, Senator Byrd,
the leader of the economy group, says.
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT has many times
strongly defended the National Resources
Planning Board. At his press conference Tuesday
he said that the board would save the nation
billions of dollars after the war by formulating
plans now against unemployment after the war.
At present the Board is costing the government
$1,400,000 a year.
The President called it false eonomy to elimi-
nate the Board. It is more than that. It is com-
This new House-one which might be part
of the victory Congress-shows itself unable to
see beyond its nose. There is every reason to
believe that after this war it will be necessary
to plan the next governmental and national
move so that the economy of the nation will
bring full employment. Those plans cannot be
made overnight. During the depression, months
of groping resulted because the government
had no adequate idea of unemployment relief.
After this war the problems will be fully as
large with the demobilization and reconversion.
The Chief Executive has always had to show
Congress the way in matters of long-range plan-
ning. Roosevelt did during the depression with
his many staff agencies attached to the alphabet
organizations. Congress need not accept his lead-
ership, but a Congress with the competency to
face the future will accept such plans.
THE NEW Congress apparently is taking leader-
ship in facing the future without knowing
what to do. It will be a rather pitiful sight to
find our legislature without any idea of remedy
for certain-to-arise evils.
The appropriations bill from which the
Board's funds were cut will go to the Senate
now for final approval. If the Senate shows
itself ready to follow the leadership of the
House, it will do much to show that our Con-
gressmen have no conception of the world with
which they are dealing.
However, the Senate may understand that the
planning for the post-war world is vitally neces-
sary and that the Board's accumulated post-war
projects will be vitally necessary to the nation.
If it does, the National Resources Planning
Board will be voted another period of office. -
- Leon Gordenker
Jeiteri rto toe 61itor
To the Editor:
THROUGHOUT the school year of 1942-43 the
various Choral Union Concerts have been the
subject of much unjust criticism. The concert
given Tuesday night by Mr. Heifetz proved to be
no exception. The Choral Union Society has con-
sidered Mr. Heifetz excellent enough to play six
times previously. The criticism most recently pre-
sented was a most ridisulous attempt to secure
publicity at the expense of a universally ac-
To those who appreciate the technique of a
great musician, Mr. Heifetz's concert Tuesday
night was a superb performance. Only those who
are influenced by the coldness and passivity of
Mr. Heifetz would fail to see the skill with which
hP naovs tha mnao+ aiffinn+ rmmnniinn rrA n-
B e Right_
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK- It has been said that the trium-
phant appearance of the French battleship Rich-
elieu in New York harbor, attended by lesser
vessels, justifies our pro-Vichy policy of two
years, and our coddling of ex-Vichyites in Africa.
So this battered battleship, along with its sisters,
was the issue in France during these two great
years? That is odd. One thought something larger
was at stake.
Yet let us set the record straight. The Richelieu
was put out of action in Dakar Harbor, and.
pinned there, not by American diplomacy, but
by a British crash boat, which crept up beside it
one night in July, 1940, and in the unfriendliest
possible fashion, tied a load of explosives to it
and set them off.
LET'S COUNT THE DIVIDENDS
But it is still being stubbornly maintained by
several starry-eyed non-idealists (including one
bitter writer who likes very little about the. ad-
ministration except the Vichy policy) that con-
ciliation has "paid dividends;" seeing is believing;
we have these ships. Very well, let us go into the
matter of dividends.
One dividend of the Vichy policy is that we
have, at the present moment, virtually no con-
nection with the French underground. We
made the choice that French, battleships were
more important than the French people, and
we are still stuck with that choice. That choice
forced us to turn from the French people, and
compelled- us to cultivate French officialdom
instead; that little group of moral droopy-socks
who, presumably, had in their hands the dis-
position of the French fleet.
England took the other road. She did not forget
about the French fleet, for she shelled it at Oran'
and blew parts of it up at Dakar. But England's
policy of non-conciliation of Vichy (which
strangely enough, gave her the use of a number
of ships in the hands of the Fighting French) has
oriented her toward the French people, just as
our policy.oriented us toward French officialdom.
So, the only contact between the western democ-
racies and the French underground today is
through England, by way of Churchill and de
THE MEN WE KNOW
But our contacts are with such men as the in-
describable Nogues in North Africa, who has
just babbled to an American correspondent about
how he had to kill Americans in November; oth-
erwise, he says, the Germans might have been
irritated, and might have invaded French North
Africa. A practical man, like ourselves.
Another of our contacts is Vice Admiral
Fenard, who has explained blandly that the
French fired at us in North Africa, because
they did not realize how strong we were. An-
other practical man. Both feet on the ground.
These are the men with whom we have inter-
mingled our fate, and upon whom we have
placed our hopes for the rebuilding of France.
Add that to your dividend account.
WE GAVE IT AWAY
Now, there is one other country, besides Eng-
land, which has contact with the French under-
ground. That is Russia, working through the
Communists. The whisper is sometimes heard
here that we ought to get our Army into France,
quick, to offset Russian influence. Again; that
curious cold, mechanical conception of France
Anc P. binn+ of rnmh ma++aco e o nnnl o n which
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN.
. , f. . . .... > i ,...
FRIDAY, FEB. 19, 1943
VOL. LIII No. 94
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30 -
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Army Enlisted Reserve Corps: Sopho-
more, Junior and Senior Engineering stu-
dents who are in the Enlisted Reserve
Corps and inrgood academic standing are
eligible for deferment until the end of the
Spring Term. Such students should not
withdraw from school in anticipation of
Pre-medical and pre-dental students and
those in certain other categories considered
eligible for deferment for the Spring Term
will be notified to that effect individually
within the next few days.
B. D. Thuma,
Armed Services Representative
Students in Enlisted: Reserves: All, V-1,
V 7, Marine Corps Reserves and ERO stu-
dents who have transferred to this Uni-
versity at the beginning of this term are
requested to report to Room,1508 Rackham
Building at their earliest convenience.
B. D. Tjlum% -
Armed Services Representative
Monday, Feb. 22, willbe observed as a
holiday in accordance with previous an-
If you wish to finane ethe purchase of a
home, or if you have: purchased improved
property on a land- contract and owe a
balance of approximately 60. per cent of. the
value of the property, the Investment Of-
fice, 100 South Wing of University flall,
would be glad to discuss financing through
the medium of a first mortgage. Such fi-
nancing may effect a substantial saving in
Closing hours for women students for
Sunday, February 21, will be 11:00 p.m. and
Monday, Washington's birthday, 12:00 mid- today at
Alice C. Lloyd, requisite
Dean of Women
4:00 p.m. in 3011 A.H. No pre
except willingness to work.
A. H. Copeland
S. B. Myers
German Departmental Library,;204 Uni-
versity Hall. Open from 2 to 4 p.m. Tues-
day, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday
each week; Saturdays from 9 to.12 a.m.
Books may be returned at any time.
The University Bureau, of Appointments
has received the following notices:
The United States Civil Service Com-
mission announces these changes:
NO written examination unless other-
NO maximum age limit unless otherwise
NO closing date for filing applications
unless otherwise stated.
SALARIES for a standard Federal: work
week of 48 hours (which includes 8 hours
overtime) have increased the basic salary
THIS APPLIES TO ALL EXAMINATIONS.
THE PANAMA CANAL needs help. We,
have a listing of positions open in the
Panama Canal which are vital to the war
Trainee, Scientific &- Technical Aid; no
closing date; $1,440 yr. (plus overtime),
Crop Production Specialist; no closing
date; $2,600 to $8,000- (plus overtime).. ,
Junior Soil Conservationists; no closing
date; $2,000 yr. (plus overtime).
Social Scientists; no closing date; $2,600
to $6,500 (plus overtime).
Printer's Assistant; March 23, 1943; $.66
an. hr. (plus overtime).
Further information may be had from
the notices which are on file in the office
of the ::Bureau of Appointments, 201 Ma-
son Hall, office hours 9-12 and 2-4.
Burean of Appointments
And Occupational Information
University Lecture: Professor R. S. Knox,
Department of English, University of Tor-
onto, will lecture on the subject, "Recent
Shakespearian Criticism," under the auspi-
ces of the Department of English Language
and Literature, on Monday, March 1. at 3:15
Mathematics 103, Section 1, meeting at
8 o'clock, will hold its class in 318 West
Engineering Bldg. beginning today.
Engish 47 will not meet Monday evening,
E. S. Everett
English 32, Sec. 5 will not meet today.'
English 160, Sec. 2 will not meet today.
Student Recital: Betty Likely, pianist,
will present a recital in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music at 8:30 p.m. Sunday
February 21, in Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
-tre. Her program will consist of works by
Purcell, Beethoven and Brahms. Miss Likely
is a pupil of Professor Joseph Brinkman,
The- public is cordially invited.
. The Senate Advisory Committee- meet]
today at 4:15 p.m. in the Regents Room.
American Society of Civil Engineers will
hold a joint meeting and banquet with the
Michigan Section of A.S.C.E. today at
6:30 p.m. in the Union. Dr. Esson Gale
will talk on "China of Today."
The Children's Theatre of the depart-
ment of speech will present "The Ghost
of Mr. Penny" today at 3:45 p.m. and
Saturday at 2:30 p.m. in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. Tickets may be pur-
chased at the theatre box office daily
from 10 to 5.
Episcopal Students: Tea will be served
for Episcopal students and their friends