-- ~~~YTE iCiA iAi7
24 Boys in Special Course
Are Moved to Lloyd House
In order to provide conditions of
supervised study, the 24 boys enrolled
in the integrated college war training
program on campus will be moved into
Lloyd House of-the west Quadrangle
The students will occupy the second
floor and will live together as a unit
according to Prof. Karl Litzenberg,
Residence Halls Director.
Said he, "These boys will all live
on the same floor so that they can
gain from a supervised living pro-
gram. Their time for study, rest and
recreation will be so divided as to
provide the best results."
Prof. Palmer Throop of the history
department is acting as the academic
director. Although the program lays
stress on exact sciences-a broad lib-
eral education will also be provided.
When commenting on the program,
Professor Throop stated "these boys
will be counciled in American ideals
and how technical studies have aided
the development of American his-
They will be moved into their
Lloyd House quarters this weekend
and will be under the direct atten-
Avukab To Hld
Following the pattern of Palestin-
ian Sabbath' celebrations, Avukah,
student Zionist organization, and Hil-.
lel will jointly sponsor an "Oneg Sha-
bat," starting at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow
at the Hillel Foundation.
The "Oneg Shabat" is an informal
party and will include a program of
readings, group singing and group.
dancing, as well as social dancing.
Refreshments will be served.
The party is open to anyone inter-
ested and soldiers especially are in-
Avukah will hold a communal sup-
per at 6:30 p.m. Sunday followed by
an open meeting which will start at
approximately 8:15 p.m. Miss Irene
Salzman, member of the National
Praesidium, executive body of Avu-
kah, will address the meeting.
Reservations for the supper may be
made by calling 3779 before Saturday.
Suppers are prepared by Avukah'
members and served at cost.
tion of Douglas Campbell, assistant
advisor of Lloyd House, and John
Said one of the boys, "Although this
program is tough, we feel that it will
do us a lot of good. If it weren't for
this arrangement, many of us would
not have the opportunity to come to
A Michigan alumnus in Iceland will
soon be wearing a windbreaker jacket
made from 20 program covers from
his own 1939 graduation exercises.
This jacket of blue leather covers,
with the University of Michigan seal
and "1939" embossed on each, is to
be sent to Captain G. H. Bauer of the
U.S. Army, who graduated from the
medical school in 1939. It is being dis-
played near the central desk at the
Mrs. Nina Kellogg Dahlstrom, '35,
a member of the Ann Arbor Wind-
breaker Group, made the jacket and
Mrs. Charles E. Koella, chairman,
suggested sending it to a 1939 grad-
uate. They discovered that Dr. Bauer
was eligible and has been in Iceland
for two years.
The group has completed 862 jack-
ets in two years. Each one represents
eight hours of work and is made from
used., automobile upholstery from a
Detroit factory. They are sent to the
English-Speaking Union in Detroit.
From there they are forwarded to the
Union's London headquarters in Dart-
mouth House, which distributes them
to English-speaking men of the Al-
lied armed forces.
The group has received letters from
the men who commend the brown-
colored windbreakers as being good
camouflage apparel especially for
On March 24, the women will cele-
brate the second anniversary of their
organization, and they plan to finish
900 jackets by that time.
Miles Bill Fails
To Pass Senate
ByT Sin le Vote
Measure Would Abolish
Elecive Of fice of State
LANSING, Feb. 18.-P}-A bill to
abolish the office of elective state
highway commissioner failed to pass
the Senate by one vote today and Re-
publicans awaited the actions of Fri-
day's Republican state convention to
determine the further course of the
The measure, which would have
shifted control of the highway de-
partment, capstone of the Democratic
political organization, to Republican
hands, was reconsidered and placed
on the table whence it may be lifted
at any time.
There were indications that spon-
sors of the measure could obtain an
additional vote by accepting amend-
ments to the bill, but opponents ar-
gued that the convention may change
the entire alignment on the measure.
Those Senators contended that the
convention's decision in picking a
candidate for the highway commis-
sionership may make the difference
between reviving the bill and leaving
it on the table for the remainder of
Two Senators, Joseph P. Cloon,
Wakefield Republican, and Joseph A.
La Framboise, Gladstone Democrat,
did not vote for the bill. An affirma-
tive vote from either would have been
enough to pass it.
Those who voted against the bill
were Senators Baldwin, Carpenter,
Delano, Howell, Logie, Munshaw, Ni-
chols and Wood, Republicans, and
Blondy, Diggs, McLaughlin, Nowak,
Wilkowski and Youngblood, Demo-
At the last minute 12 Senators de-
feated a move to attach a referendum
to the bill, and the chamber rejected
an amendment to give the governor
power to appoint a single highway
chief. The bill called for a three-
Flare at WPB
Ire Aimed at Wilson,
Nelson's Ace Assistant
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Feb. 18.- Antag-
onism between the armed services
and the War Production.Board boiled
up anew today as the services awaited
issuance of a drastic new order en-
larging the civilian agency's control'
over arms production.
Feeling was so intense that one
military official declared-but not for
quotation py .name-that it appeared
either WPB Chairman Donald M.
Nelson ultimately would have to quit
or the Navy and War Department
undersecretaries, James V. Forrestal
and Robert P. Patterson respectively,
The ire of those military chiefs,
who command production and pro-
curement policies of the services, was
aimed chiefly at Charles E. Wilson,
the new WPB executive vice-chair-
man and at Wilson's sweeping pro-
gram for WPB scheduling of muni-
Nelson was not giving an inch, and
tonight emphasized his stand by dele-
gating to Wilson every iota of power
which he himself enjoys, to be wield-
ed subject only to Nelson's policies
Nelson heaped on Wilson, by offi-
cial order, the responsibility for all
WPB units and functions which had
not already been delegated to the tall,
tough former president of General
Even the office of Rubber Director
William M. Jeffers was directed to re-
port to Wilson instead of Nelson him-
self, as were 16 other big and little
operating and policy units of WPB.
Nelson thus not only put all his
chips down on the success of Wilson's
program, but freed himself to fight
what began to look like a determined
campaign, spearheaded by the ser-
vices, to oust him.
Men interested in working on
the Michigan Technic are asked
to attend a tryout meeting today
at 4:45 p.m. in 3036 West Engi-
neering Building, Bill Jacobs, '43E,
editor, announced yesterday.
Abert E. Ennis (above), t .Don-
nybrook, N.D., almost obtained the
silver wings and sergeant's chev-
rons of an aerial gunner in the
Army Air Force gunnery school at
Tyndall Field, Fla. before officers
discovered he was only 14 years old.
He will be discharged.
to Give, Talks
On War: Pl ans
'25 Volunteer Students
To Speak for Faculty
Twenty-five students who. volun-
teered their services to the Student
Speakers' Bureau will give their talks
on the war effort and post-war plan-
ning before a committee of faculty
members of the speech department
for suggestions and approval the week
of March 1, Nancy Filstrup, '43,
chairman of the Bureau, said yester-
Organized last October, the Bureau
consists of volunteer student speakers
with a Board of Direcgtors acting as
coordinator of their activities. Dr.
Kenneth G. Hance of the speech de-
partment is faculty adviser.
Herb Heavenrich, '44E, representa-
tive of the Post-War Council, and
Cecil Sink, '45E, Union representative
to the Post-War Council, are working
with the Bureau in completing or-
The Bureau already has provided
speakers for a special series of forum
discussion at the Methodist Church
to continue through April 11. Other
suggestions being worked out by the
Bureau include a symposium on "The
University in the War Effort," con-
ducted by Athena, a fifteen ;minute
skit on "A Militarized Dormitory" to
be presented by Zeta Phi Eta, and the,
supplying of four speakers for the
Office of Civilian Defense. These in-
clude Marilyn Mayer, '44, Virginia
White, '44, Shirley Raskey, '44, and
Josephine Fitzpatrick, '44.
Among the topics to be discussed
by the individual volunteer speakers
are "Education in the War Effort,"
"A Home in Every Town for Every
Soldier," "Religion and Post - War
Planning," "A Federal Union in a
Post-War World," and,"Capital Pun-
Members of the Board of Directors
of the Bureau include representatives
of the three honorary speech socie-
ties, Athena, Zeta Phi Eta, and Alpha'
Nu, the Post-War Council, the Union,
and Dr. Kenneth G. Hance of the
Oil Shortages Cripple <
Axis' European Army,
Says Prof. Landes
The lack of oil, constituting one
cf the major issues of the war, may
lose the war for the European Axis,
but it won't guarantee victory for
the Allies over Japan, according to'
Prof. Kenneth K. Landes, chairman
of the geology department.
In the Michigan Alumnus' Quar-
terly Review, Prof. Landes scored
these points in an article on "Petro-
leum and the War." He pointed out
that pre-war Axis domestic produc-
tion was less than one per cent of the
world'sl supply, and that the Euro-
pean Axis hasn't done as well as
Japan in the acquisition of new fields.
In presenting some facts about oil
as ammunition it. was pointed out
that the Axis has increased its per-
centage of the world's oil from less
than one to about six per cent. Japan
has more than it needs, while Ger-
many is lacking.
Concerning Japan, Prof. Landes be-
lieves that "We will need to reconquer
island after island in the southwest
Pacific archipelago; and if that is
the strategy followed, Japan will, no
doubt, store. large quantities of oil
before losing complete possession of
the oil islands and thus will have
several years' supply on hand."
Prof. Landes termed the "scorched
earth" policy in Rumania, Russian
and Pacific island wells as delaying
tactics only, as it is "practically im-
possible" to ruin an oil field com-
On Campus .. .
Hugh D. Miller, '44E, was elected
president of the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers at a meeting
Norman C. Jimerson, '44E, was cho-
sen vice-president; Harry J. Franc-
zek, '44E, secretary; and John J. Link-
er, '45E, treasurer.
Spanish for Adults
The University Extension Service is
offering Spanish classes to adults
with a previous knowledge of the
language. The classes will begin at 7
p.m. Monday in Room 106 of the Ro-
mance Language Building.
A class in Spanish for persons with
no previous training began last night,
and will continue throughout the se-
mester. Prof. Julio de Toro will con-
duct both classes.
ASME To Meet
The student chapter of The
American Society of Civil Engineers
will hold its next meeting at 6:30
p.m. Friday, Feb. 19. The meeting
will be held jointly with the Michi-
gan Section of the ASCE.
The' program .will begin with a
banquet at the Lion, followed by
the speaker of the evening, Doctor
Esson M. Gale, Acting James O.
Murfin Professor of Political Sci-
* * *
The United States has earmarked
200,000,000 bushels of wheat, or about
one-fifth of its present supplies, for
feeding hungry peoples in lands the
Allies hope to wrest from the Axis
powers, it was learned today.
IU' Professors Analyze War
Problems in Quarterly Review
For Indian Freedom,
States Prof. Kraus
A wartime plan for the settlement
of India's demand for freedom, based
on concessions by both the British
and Indian leaders, is proposed by Dr.
Wolfgang Kraus of the political sci-
ence department, in the Quarterly
Review of the Michigan Alumnus.
Dr. Kraus suggests that Britain
request the aid of a mediation board
with American and Chinese repre-
sentatives. This board should, with
British approval, guarantee in the
name of the United Nations post-war
freedom for India in exchange for
three pledges to be made by the In-
dian party leaders.
These pledges should be. according
to Dr. Kraus, a promise by the Indian
leaders to identify themselves uncon-
ditionally with the cause of the Unit-
ed Nations, to support an all-out war
effort against Japan, and to suspend
all major party controversies for the
duration of the war.
The United States and China
should be included in the mediation
board, Dr. Kraus believes, because
this war has given bothanations a
stake in India's present and future.
Since Indian hopes for liberal poli-
cies for their nation after the last
war were never realized, the party
leaders now do not wish to cooperate
withu he British commonwealth, Dr.
Failure of Sir Stafford Cripps' mis-
sion to India in March, 1942, was
primarily due, Dr. Kraus believes, to
mutual distrust and misunderstand-
ings which had grown up for years
and could not be quickly wiped out.
To Stress Music,
Pointing out the "tremendous op-
portunities for the enlistment of arts
in the war effort," the Education Poli-
cies Commission of the National Edu-
cation Association in a statement is-
sued yesterday called upon education
in the schools to stress stirring music,
art and eloquent literature "to fight
this war through to victory."
Morale and unity are strengthened
through the frequent and fervent
singing of patriotic songs, the Com-
mission emphasized. This type of mu-
sical education should "provide cheer-
ful 'send-off' songs for inducted men,
participate in community parades and
pageants and serve as a restorative
and invigorating force in camps and
hospitals, fields and factories."
In asking the schools of America
to encourage inspiring art during
Mended that'the nation's ideals be
portrayed in posters, emblems and
The NEA also urged that the study
of literature make its contribution
by giving recognition to "eloquent,
literary expressions of love of land
and love of liberty."
Several good parts are still open
for the Spanish play, especially for
men. All interested are urged to
try out at 3 next Tuesday, Thurs-
day and Friday in Room 312, Ro-
mance Language Building, or to
see Professor Mercado.
IN SPITE OF HITLER:
Writer'Asserts German Morale
Has Hit Lowest Level of War
By EDWIN SHANKE
Associated Press Correspondent
STOCKHOLM, Feb. 18.- German:
morale has, hit the lowest level Of the
war, and it is questionable whether
Hitler can lift it out of the depths as
he has in the past with military vic-
People who have recently been in
Germany, the Nazi press and Swedish
newspapers confirm this view. Per-
haps especially significant are reports
of how heavily the terror of bombings
is hitting the German people, and
how wounded soldiers describe the
"hell" on the Eastern Front and ex-
press hope they won't have to go back.
These sources give the following'
picture of the causes of sinking spirits
inside Germany and signs of Nazi
Root of Gloom
At the root of the gloom and de-
pression are the rapidity with which
Germany is being brought into the
"front lines" through RAF bombings
and the hardships of the Nazi 'con-
ception of total war, the impact of
heavy casualties, the drastic stripping
of the war-weary Germans of every-
thing. but the barest necessities on
one hand and the merciless spur to
- --- 1
new effort on the other, and shaken
confidence in Hitler as a soldier-
genius, especially among the soldiers,
as a- result of military defeats.
All this is against a backdrop sug-
gestive of 1918. The Deutsche Allge-
meine Zeitung recently carried the
slogan, "Do the opposite from 1918."
Although morale is bad, no crackup
should be expected before a decisive
.military defeat becomes plain to every
German. In this connection it must
be remembered always that the Nazis
disarmed the Germans and wiped out
'the oppositional political leadership
so effectively that there are no signs
of. counter-organization in strength.
Heinrich Himmler, Hitler's watch-
dog, is taking no chances. A press
campaign to draw recruits for his
private army intended mainly for use
during internal crises has been run-
ning for weeks. He is releasing a po-
'lice and SS trops from clerical and
other station work for the field by
La ndwacht Established
He sealed many loopholes in the.
police -network by establishing the
"landwacht" of several hundred thou-
sands" strong for security of the
homeland. This service is obligatory
in addition to regular work, princi-
pally for men who fought in the last
war and now unfitted for military ser-
For years the SS has been quietly
taking over strategically located stores
and apartments in the cities for use
as small arsenals and strongpoints in
case of trouble.
Now these precautions have been
extended to the provinces at large.
The SS is reported developing strong-
holds in areas where trouble is most
likely to occur, such as the Bohemia
THURSDAY, FEB. 25, 8:30 - HILL AUDITORIUM
Chorale Prelude: Mortify Us By Thy
Sonata in F-sharp major,
.> Intermezzo in E-flat......Brahms
" '* '? Intermezzo in C...........Brahms
Prelude in B minor...... .Liadov
Prelude in E flat minor. ..Chasns
Introduction and Allegro......
Reharmonized Harmonious Black-
Mozart a la Mode ........ Templeton
Improvisations ....... ....Templeton
Gnats to You (From an orchestra
work, "Insect Suite," written for
and dedicated to Paul Whiteman
'' to t1, to.
WAR BONDS ISSUED HERE! DAY OR NIGHT
from 1 P.M.
ANN ARBOR'S NEWEST THEA F #1.
wartime use ---
Here's a coat that's tai-
lored and styled for long
wear, and good looks
Others 24.50 and 34.50 '
with RICHARD TRAVIS - JULIE BISHOP " CHARLES DRAKE- ELEANOR PARKER
ELIZABETH FRASER - Directed by D. ROSS LEDERMAN. Screen Play by George R. Bilson
and Anthony Coldewey * Original Story by Anthony Coldewey'
News - Travel
-- Coming Sunday -
oo.kA do-k 20%, m A a m- Mom
i . .. v , .. . ... .... . ., .,. . ,. ..,