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May 14, 1943 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-14

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FAGS FOUR _'

MULE - 311CUIGA-K DAILY

MO 11, 0 11 womm"W
- - - - - - - - ---------- ----

y *1

Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon.
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
REPRESENTRO FOR NATIONAL ADVERTJING UY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
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CHICAGO BOSTON " Los ANGILES * SAN FRANCISCO
Editorial Stafff
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James Conant. . . . . . . Columnist
Business Staff
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Pat Gehlert . . . . . . . Circulation
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Telephone 23.24-1
NIGHT EDITOR: MARY RONAY
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

"Who said military idiot!"

RESTORE TECHNICAL PROGRESS TO PUBLIC:

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Science
(Editor's Note: The following arti- must st
cle by Prof..Louis C. Karpinski of the those w
mathematics department is reprinted loS 'i
from Science, May 7. This material has housewi
gone to every member of both the to the a
House and Senate Military Affairs and the
Committee. The resolution which Dr. achieve
Karpinski refers to here was made before t
long before the Kilgore Bill (5.702) was olistic p
introduced in Congress. This latter product
bill is for tihe mobilization of the sci- develope
entific and technical resources of the
Nation, and for the establishment of do CO
an Office of Scientific and Technical Germ
Mobilization.
The Kilgore Bill scores the uncoordi- their res
nated information concerning scien- requiredt
tific resources, the trend toward America1
monopolized control of scientific and ery resou
technical data, and the unplanned de- that libe
velopment and use of scientific per- universe.
sonnel-problems which Dr. Karpinski
discusses in this article.) To sec
small ind
No American scientist can today tinues to
view the world as it is without necks in
knowing that an economic, political, No le
educational and moral crisis threat- tary Ick
ens our very national existence. Prob- Nationa
ably no group of citizens not in the derelict
armed forces has responded more public i
completely than the scientists wheth- Privat
er employed in teaching or in scien- rationsn
tific state and national bureaus or leges an
in private enterprise. gesn
Yet the scientists are under vented th
widespread attack because large and the
numbers of scientists in govern- advice s
ment and college employ have sold processes
their services, "on the side," to pri- tion rei
vate interests. Some concerted ef- When Se
fort must be made to restore scien- from the
tific progress to its proper place of ences a]
primary service to the public in- agencies
terest. vey, men
The fact that scientifically Amer- mary in
ica was relatively unprepared is not great co
disputed. Despite the fact that for represent
some years the imminence of a crisis charges
was obvious, yet in stocks of essential Ickes inc
metals, rubber and rubber substitutes held for
American scientists and the Army smalleri
and the Navy made absolutely inade- In vie
quate preparations. records,
The "cartel agreements" in alumi- lications
num, in rubber substitutes, in min- of then
erals vital to all progress in quantity Light A
production dependent, for example, dreds of
on rapid tooling were made with the leadingi
assistance of many scientists suppos- nical sc?
edly employed in public service, revealed
Our long delay and the deaths associat
of many thousands of our soldiers tive tha

I

MIonopo lies

ill be laid at the door of
ho prevented the American
fe from enjoying her right
luminum, the electric power
gas, and the other great
-ments of modern science
he war crisis. The monop-
practices prevented greater
ion facilities from being
ed.
NDUCT the war to which
any and Italy devoted all
ources for so many years has
of England as it requires of
the intense devotion of ev-
rce in England and America
rty may not perish in the
ure the participation of the
dustries has been and con-
be one of the vital bottle-
production.
ss a personage than Secre-
kes has openly charged the
?l Academy of Sciences with
ion in its service of the
nterests.
e contracts with great corpo-
made by professors in col-
d by scientists actively on
ental payrolls have pre-
he government, i.e., the Army
Navy from receiving that
so essential to democratic
even in quantity produc-
quired by the war effort.
ecretary Ickes requested aid
e National Academy of Sci-
rd even from government
such as the Geological Sur-
were given him whose pri-
terest was in serving the
rporations which these men
ted "on the side." These
were . made by Secretary
open Congressional hearings
the purpose of aiding the
industries.
ew of the fact that public
notably government pub-
s concerning the activities
notorious National Electric
Association wherein hun-
f college teachers including
men in our foremost tech-
hools and universities were
to be on the payroll of the
ion, make it seem impera-
Et some organized group

take up actively the defense of the
scientfic group as a whole and to
make possible that the public in-
terests be served properly by men
with only that end in mind.
T OWARDS THIS END I introduced
the following resolution on Janu-
ary 30, 1943, at the New York meet-
ing of the American Council of
Learned Societies to which I was an
accredited delegate of the History of
Science Society:
The American Council of Learned
Societies regards with disapproval
the extensive inroads made into uni-
versity and college staffs of America
by great corporations and public utl-
ities: these have been revealed some-
what accidentally, and most unfor-
tunately even in connection with
criminal actions or other actions af-
fecting the public interest.
In all matters of the public inter-
est, the American Council of Learned
Societies affirms its belief that in a
democracy the professors in univer-
sities and colleges should serve only
the public interest.
We recommend to the university
and college administrative officers
that all teachers in institutions of
higher learning be required to note
to their college officials their con-
tractual connections with corpora-
tions or private or even public utili-
ties. These connections should be
noted after the teachers' names in
some readily accessible publication'
for each institution, so that any prq-
nouncements may be judged by tle
public and the press as to whether
such pronouncements emanate from
a financial interest or from an aca-
demic (unpaid) interest in the pub-
lic welfare.
Coupled with this resolution it is
expected that an act will be intro-
duced into Congress to compel all
so-called expert witnesses who testify
before Congressional committees to
record their affiliations in advance of
their testimony and that such con-
nection be properly indicated when
the expert testifies.
gy such processes Americans
may hope that the scientists will
re-establish themselves in the con-
fidence of the public which they
serve.
-Louis C. Karpinski, President,
History of Science Society

F

-.1"

ARGENTINE CRISIS:
Progressive Leaders
Must Abandon Politics
IT'S THE OLD STORY from Argentina. Robus-
tiano Patron Costas, pro-Fascist, pro-Axis
Castillo stooge, is practically certain of election
to the presidency next September. And why?
Because the so-called liberals and socialists can-
not forget their petty differences and unite on
one candidate and one program. And while the
anti-fascists bicker, the Castillo pro-Nazi Con-
servative Party will carry the elections.
From the scattered reports coming in from
Argentina, it is hard to say which of the three
pro-democratic parties, the Radicals, the Social-
ists, or the Progressive Democrats are to blame
for this disaster.
. Since 1940, the Castillo government of Ar-
gentina has sabotaged the Good Neighbor pol-
icy of the United States, it has attempted to
stop the other South American countries from
breaking relations with the Axis, and above
all it has been the eyes and ears of the Axis
In the New World.
Only recently one of the former Argentine at-
taches to Tokio who was in that city during the
Doolittle bombing, said that the Japanese regard
their embassy in Buenos Aires as the most im-
portant anti-American vantage point they hold.
THE AMERICAN PUBLIC has been told time
and again, however, that at the next free
election the Argentine people would reject their
pro-fascist government. Of the two houses of
parliament the lower one is already in the hands
of the Radical-Socialist coalition.
Why the coalition which functioned so ad-
uirably during pre-election days should break
up on the eve of the elections is a question that
concerns the whole United Nations cause. The
4eath of the popular General Justo may have
eliminated the most suitable candidate but it
certainly cannot be responsible for this calam-
itous disunity
There seems to be only the age-old explana-
tion. The Argentine pro-democratic leaders are
playing politics at the expense of the Argentine
nation and the world. - Ed Podliashuk
218th MEMBER:
Anti-Poll Tax Petitioners
Certain of Passing Bill
LAST WEEK the two hundred and eighteenth
member of the House of Representatives
signed his name to the petition calling for dis-
charge of the anti-poll-tax bill from the House
Judiciary Committee, where it had been held up,
just as it was for so many months last session.
This time the petition was completed in one
day less than two months, record-breaking time
for such a task. This accomplishment was the
result of a coalition drive led by Democratic,
Republican and American Labor representatives.
Republican Rep. George Bender of Ohio,
who heads the steering committee of the coali-
tion, announced on eoinpletion of the petition
that the committee "is confident that the
House will vote overwhelmingly to abolish this
property restriction on suffrage. The passage
of this bill will be evidence to our allies that
the American people are fighting for democ-
racy and freedom."
The anti-nol-tax fighters are certain that this

DREW
PEARSON'S
MERRY-GO-ROUND
WASHINGTON, May 14.-John L. Lewis would
have got the surprise of his life if he could
have had a dictaphone recording of the conver-
sation of Secretary of War Stimson and Gen.
B. B. Somervell regarding the use of troops in
taking over the coal mines.
Lewis had expressed public apprehension that
the Army had a plan to seize the coal mines in
case of a strike. Undoubtedly subordinate Army
officers did have such a plan.
But when Secretary Stimson sat down with
Secretary Ickes, plus Gen. Somervell and other
Army officers, the Army expressed vigorous opin-
ions to the contrary. Gen. Somervell, accused
by some of wanting the Army to take over all
civilian activities, made this remark:
"The last thing we want is an issue of the
Army against the people."
Secretary Stimson also expressed relief that
Secretary Ickes, known as a staunch defender
of civil liberty, had been selected by the Presi-
dent to handle the coal crisis. He offered
Ickes every cooperation but expressed the hope
that he would not have to use troops.
During the period that followed-and up to
this writing-there was only one brief moment
when use of troops was even suggested. An
excited representative of the Bituminous Coal
Commission in Pennsylvania phoned that miners
and the families were walking over coal mine
property.
Ickes told liim to keep his shirt on and that
was that.
Capitol Chaff
Herbert Hoover has been telling groups of
businessmen: "People have been kidding me for
a long time about my promise of two cars in
every garage. But now look where we are-
every car is in the garage." . . . Hoover might
also say, regarding his famous chicken-in-every-
pot promise-"Chicken is now about the only
thing we can get for the pot."
Submarine Antidote
A history making event took place last week
in the long war against the submarine. Official
tests were made of the helicopter, which, despite
opposition of the Navy, has been urged by offi-
cials of the Army and War Shipping Administra-
tion for anti-submarine patrol.
Within a few hours after the publication of
a MERRY-GO-ROUND story on this subject,
a group of officials: from Washington, includ-
ing highly interested and highly placed offi-
cials of the British Admiralty, British Ship-
ping Mission, and the RAF, stood in amaze-
ment ont the deck of a tanker offshore while a
little airplane with a crazy rotary wing on top
landed and took off from a deck space not
more than twice the size of the plane itself.
It was a Sikorsky helicopter, piloted by a boy-
ish colonel who reminded everybody of Charles
Lindbergh in his younger days-H. F. Gregory,
from Wright Field, Dayton, 0., who knows more
about helicopters than anybody else in the Air
Force,
Gregory made 24 landings on the tanker dur-
ing the two days of trials. He operated under
all conceivable conditions-when the tanker was

I'd Rather
Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, May 13.- The time has arrived
for another easy lesson in obscurantism, or
double-talk.
This Congress has (for the time being) killed
the Farm Security Administration. The farm
lobby hates this agency, which, in a sinister way,
goes around putting small farmers on a self-
supporting basis. With low cunning, it teaches
them to can their own vegetables. In a spirit of
subversive chicanery, it fixes their teeth and
changes them from being share-croppers into
becoming independent farm owners.
One-third of all the increase in our milk pro-
duction last year was contributed by the 7.6 per,
cent of the nation's farmers who are borrowers
from the Farm Security Administration. That
will give you an idea of the sort of scoundrelly
outfit this is.
Hissing venomously, the Farm Security Ad-
ministration gets more milk and beans and beef
and peanuts out of the ground than we ever got
out of the ground before. Behind closed doors,
with shutters pulled (to hear its critics describe
it) it viciously plots to feed us better.
This is too much for certain big plantation
owners in the farm lobby, who have struck a
blow to kill this agency, and thus preserve the
American way of life, which, in their minds, is
indissolubly linked with share-cropping. Con-
gress, so far, has obeyed their orders.
That means less food. The same Congress has
then gone on to fight "bureaucracy" by refusing
to let the Office of Price Administration employ
more than about 1,000 price investigators. It
refuses to let even these investigators sidle into
a store, nonchalantly, and maybe make a pur-
chase, to see where, now, prices really are.
They're forbidden to spend a penny in this way.
And where Congress's attitude toward the Farm
Security Administration means less food, its
attitude toward the Office of Price Administra-
tion means higher prices.
Well. A coal mine labor crisis comes along.
The miners' leader, John L. Lewis, a man who
hates the war and the President, has only one
sound agument, which is that food is scarce
and that prices are up. Congress, racing to meet
the situation, does so by writing an anti-strike
bill on the back of an old envelope, between days.
So we see our Congress playing a kind of
organ with negative stops. No loans for farm-
ers to increase food production. No additional
agents to enforce price control. If a strike
threat comes along, partly as a result, why,
that's easy to handle. Just throw in another
negative. No strikes.
In other words, jab the animal until it begins
to foam a little at the mouth, then pass a law
against foaming at the mouth,
I say that our Congress is following the path
of double-talk and obscurantism, because it uses
any excuse it wants; to pass any bill it wants,
When it considers an anti-strike bill, it does so
in the mood of having to fight a desperate war.
That is a good mood. When it considers a bill
to put several hundred thousand small farmers
out of business, the desperate war is suddenly
adjourned; now the mood is a different mood; it
is the mood of yielding to special farm interests.
When Congress appropriates, or refuses to ap-

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

(Continued from Page 2)
Girls interested in living at the Hillel
Foundation this summer should apply at
the Foundation before this evening.
Notice to Sororities: Every sorority must
return J.G.P. stamps or money (prefer-
ably ONLY MONEY) to Geni Schwartzbek
on Monday, May 17, from 2-5 at the Un-
dergraduate Office of the League.
Academic Notices
I will not meet my classes today.
-R. G. Walker
United States Armed Forces Institute
Examination:
Studentsin the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts who have been
invited to write the special examination
for the United States Armed Forces Insti-
tute will be excused from class attendance
today from 3:00 to 5:00 p.m.
-E. A. Walter
Attention, May Graduates: College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, School
of Education, School of Music and School
of Public Health. Students are advised not
to request grades of I or X in May. when
such grades are absolutely imperative, the
work must be made up in time to allow
your instructor to report the make-up
grade not later than 4:00 p.m. on Wednes-
day, May 26. Grades received after that
time may defer the student's graduation
until a later date.
-Robert L. Williams
Biological Chemistry: Courses 110 and
111 will be given from 7:00 to 8:00 and
from 8:00 to 12:00 a.m. daily, during the
period of the Summer Session. Non-
medical students are advised to take the
work during the Summer Session. It is
expected that the enrollment in the Medi-
cal School will be so large that it will be
necessary to restrict very considerably the
dumber of non-medical students who will
be permitted to take the course during
the fall term of the year 1943-44.
Final Examination Schedule, English 1
and 2, Thursday, May 20, 2:4 p.m.
English 1:
Bredvold-2225 AH, Fletcher-35 AHl;
Hawkins-2219 AH; Thein-2003 AH; War-
ner-2225 AH.
English 2:
Bertram--225 AH; Engel-B Haven; Ev-
erett-E Haven; Fogle-35 AH; Greenhut-
2235 AH; McCiennen-3209 AH; Means-
C Haven; Millar-229 AH; Morris-E Haven;
Nelson-D Haven; Ogden-D Haven; Ohl-
sen-2231 AH; Schenk-3017 AH; Schroe-
der-G Haven; Taylor-B Haven; Thein-
2003 AH; Walker-1035 AH; weaver-C
Haven; Wells-C Haven; Williams-B
Haven.
--C. F. Wells
Political Science 1: Final Examination,
Wednesday, May 19, 2-4 p.m., room 1025
A.H.
Political Science 2. Final Examination,
Wednesday, May 19, 2-4 p.m.

Room 1025 -Angell Hall and all other sec-
tions in Natural Science Auditorium.
-Preston W. Slosson
Doctoral Examination for Robert Thomas
Nieset, Zoology; thesis: "A Comparison of
the Effect of X-Ray and Neutron Irradia-
'tion on the Development of Hair in Mice;
The Design and Operation of Apparatus
for Low Temperature Tissue Dehydration
as a Supplement to Radiological Investiga-
tion," today at 3:00 p.m., 3089 Natural
Science. Chairman, P. 0. Okkelberg..
By action of the Executive Board, the
Chairman may invite members of the
faculties and advanced doctoral candi-
dates to attend this examination and he
may grant permission to those who for
sufficient reason might wish to be present.
-C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination for Clarence Pott,
Germanic Languages and Literatures; the-
sis*: "Heinrich von Kleist's Amphitryon in
tie CriticalLiterature of the Ninetednth
and Twentieth Centuries," today, West
Council Room, Rackham, 2:30 p.m. Chair-'
man, H. W. Nordmeyer.
By action of the Executive Board the
Chairman may invite members of the fac-
ulties and advanced doctoral candidates
to attend this examination, and he may
;rant permission to those who for suffi-
cient reason might wish to be present.
-C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination for Harry Warren
Paine, Education; thesis: "Revision of a
Curriculum in a vocational High School
by Means of the Trade Analysis Approach."
Saturday, May 15, West Council Room,
Rackham, 9:00 a.m. Chairman, T. Diamond.
By action of the Executive Board, the
Chairman may invite members of the fac-
ulties and advanced doctoral candidates
to attend this examination and he may
grant permission to those who for suffi-
cient reason might wish to be present.
-C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination for Mary Lois
Jotter Cutter, Botany; thesis: "Recent
Speciation in Oenothera:" A Comparison
of Types of the Jack=Pine Plains in Mich-
igan with Those of the Unglaciated Area
of Wisconsin." Saturday, May 15, 1139
Natural Science, 9;00 a.m. Chairman, K.
L. Jones.
By action of the Executive Board the
Chairman may invite members of the
faculties and advanced doctoral candi-
dates to attend this examination, and he
may grant permission to those who for
sufficient reason might wish to be present.
-C. S. Yoakum
Concerts
Student Recital: John Dexter, organist
will present a recital in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the degree
1f Bachelor of Music at 8:30 tonight in
Hill Auditorium. His program will con-
sist of works by Handel, Bach, Franck,
Sowerby, Bingham and Dupre, and will be
open to the public.
The University "Pops" Band, under the

composers of the United Nations, in keep-
ing with ."I Am an American Day," to be
observed next Sunday.
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Barbara Zwayer, pupil
of Palmer Christian, has arranged a pro-
gram of compositions of Frescobaldi, Bach,
Franck, Bingham, Doty and Widor for her
recital at 8:30 p.m. on Sunday, May 16, in
Hill Auditorium. Given in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the Bachelor
of Music degree, it is open to the public.
Exhibitions
Fourteenth Annual Exhibition of Sculp-
ture, Michigan League Building. Open
daily.
Events Today
TheAngeli Hall Observatory will be open
totepublic from 9:30 to 11 :00 this eve-
ning if the sky is clear. The mopn and
double stars will be shown through the
telescopes. If the sky is covered or nearly
covered with clouds, the Observatory will
not be open. Children must be accom-
panied by adults.
Institute on Post-War Planning: A local
institute on this subject will be conducted
by District 2 of the Michigan Library
Association and the Ann Arbor Library
Club today; symposium 2:30-5:00 p.m.,
Rackham Amphitheatre; dinner 6:00 p.m.,
Methodist Church; film forum demonstra-
tion, 7:30 p.m., Kellogg Auditorium. Per-
sons interested are cordially invited.
Alpha Lambda Delta initiation will be
held today at 4:00 p.m. in the League.
Room number will be posted on the bul-
letin board. All old members are espe-
cially requested to attend.
The Surgical Dressing Unit will be open
to all girls on campus in the Michigan
League today, 1:00-5:00 p.m. Specially
invited houses for today are Delta Delta
Delta, Chi Omega, Alpha Epsilon Phi,
University House, and all Ann Arbor coeds.
Wesley Foundation: Open House tonight
it 9~ o'clock in the Wesley Foundation
Lounge and Recreation Room.
The Presbyterian Guild will give a Buf-
fet Dinner and Dance in the Social Mall
tonight at 7:00 in honor of Mr. Lampe's
first anniversary as Assistant Student Di-
rector. The Tuxis Society will be guests.
Guild members will please make early
reservations by calling 2-4466,
ComtingEvents
An original three-act play will be pre.
sented by the Hopwood Committee- and
the Department of Speech in laboratory
style on Monday evening, May 17, at 7:30
in the University High School auditorium.
Admission free.
Graduate Outing Club will meet in the
clubroom just inside the west entrance of

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