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May 13, 1943 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-13

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Sramek Tells
Czech Needs
After War
Czechoslovakia Must
Have Aid from Allies,
Says Prime Minister
Jan Sramek, Prime Minister of
Czechoslovakia, thinks his country
must be rehabilitated with Allied aid
before she can think of long-term
peace aims, he says in the following
article. Then, he hopes, an agreement
with Poland and Russia will be a suffi-
cient buffer against any future Ger-
man drang nach osten.
Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
LONDON.-(P)-The problems of
the immediate post-war period in
Czechoslovakia, like those in all
other German-occupied countries,
are entirely different from what
Great Britain and the United States
will have to face.
Numerous Problems Arise
In this country as in the United
States there will be the problem of
returning from life in war to life in
peace. There will be problems of in-
ternal policy, social reform, educa-
tion, and, in the economic sphere,
the problem of readapting industry,
trade and commerce to the normal
conditions of peaceful life.
At the moment when the last Ger-
man soldier of the occupation force
and the last SS and Gestapo man
will have left Czechoslovakia, how-
ever, our lands will have been
scourged, robbed and looted for years
by the German intruders, vast parts
of our population dispersed and fam-
ilies disrupted. Hundreds of thou-
sands of men and women who have
been dragged to Germany still will
be somewhere in the Reich.
State of Youth Is Horrible
Many of our best ien and women
of all classes Have long ago fallen
victims of Nazi terrorism. Those still
it home are nearly starved out and
youth is in a horrible state of health
and mind.
We shall therefore need more than
one plan to be carriedout before we
reach even that stage which in the
United States and Great Britain will
be the initial stage to start from
immediately after hostilities have
Preparations Listed
The preparatory work of the dif-
ferent departments of the Czecho-
slovak Government in London and
particularly that of the Ministry of
Reconstruction has been concen-
trated on:
1. An immediate program of what
is to be done first in order that the
worst consequences of German occu-
pation on physical and economic
conditions may be removed.
2. A plan of simultaneous, system-
atic restoration of orderly state af-
3. A plan for reconstruction, re-
building and reforming the social,
economic and political life, this plan
being parallel to Churchill's "Four-
Year Plan" and after.

u Opens at Selfridge Field

Ski Troops Break

C aip in Bitter Blasts

Opening a quiz into alleged irregularities at Selfridge Field, Mich.,
Rep. Paul W. Shafer (left) (Rep.-Mich.), member of the House Military
Affairs Committee, confers with John R. Weiner (center), a committee
investigator, and Col. William B. Wright, commandant at the air base.
Colonel Wright assumed command at Selfridge Field after Col. Wil-
liam T. Colman was relieved of command following the shooting of a
Negro soldier.
Axis Wiped Out With Capture
Of Von Arnim, Staff, and Troops

(Continued from Page 1)
This represents 1,1 German and 26
Italian divisions, and does not in-
clude dead and wounded.
In addition to Von Arnim, Von
Sponeck and Roich, the French re-
ported the capture today of two other
German generals, one named Yelich,
who had taken over command of the
Italian Superba Division and other
Italian remnants, and the other
named Pfeiffer, commanding a group
bearing his own name.
The French captured 25,000 men
in exacting an unconditional sur-
render of all German and Italian!
forces fighting between Zaghouan
and -Saouaf.
This was particularly sweet re-
venge to the French who remembered
Hitler's little dance of joy in the
Compeigne Forest nearly three years
ago when Marshal Petain's regime
signed an armistice.
Major-General Von Sponeck, the
Commander of the 90th Light Divi-
sion, surrendered to Lieut.-Gen. Sir
Bernard Freyberg, New Zealand com-
mander, on the British Eighth Army!
front north of Enfidaville today.
Von Sponeck Refuses to Surrender
General Freyberg during the
morning demanded the surrender of
the 90th Division, but Von Sponeck
refused and said his troops would fol-
low his orders to fight until the last
Later in the day, however, he prof-

fered his unconditional surrender
and his former elite troops were put
behind barbed wire cages, where
thousands of their comrades had pre-
ceded them.
Police Confer
on smith ,Death
ITHACA, Mich., May 12.-(I)-
State and county police officials
sifted conflicting evidence tonight,
seeking to unravel mysterious aspects
to the death of Carlyle B. Smith,
State Conservation Officer whose
body was found Tuesday in a lonely
farm lane after a more than three
weeks' search.
Dr. Le Moyne M. Snyder, state
police medico-legal expert, who per-
formed an autopsy, said his examina-
tion indicated death "probably was
due to natural causes, although we
are awaiting a final report from
pathologists and toxicologists at the
state crime laboratory."
Investigators, however, intensified
a search for further clues, asserting
it was possible a heart attack in-
duced by over-exertion had caused
his death.
Smith's superior officers said they
were especially interested in disap-
pearance of more than $90 and per-
sonal belongings.

Editor's Note: This is the final in
a series of six articles depicting the
life of ski troopers.
Judge Advocate General's School
"Rifle shooting was the order of
the day for Thursday. Soldiers al-
ways look forward keenly to a day
on the rifle range. This was as close
to battle conditions as one could get
in practice maneuvers," declared Lt.
Larry W. Lougee, just graduated
from the Staff School of the Judge
Advocate General's Department, de-
scribing eleven days of winter ma-
neuvers on skis with the 87th Moun-
tain Infantry in Colorado.
"Though it was bitterly cold, at
twelve thousand feet, the men did
a superb performance of shooting.
Various targets were set up along
the cliff, and the scores were high,
the competition eager and intense.
We enjoyed the shooting so much
the time melted away. Soldiers
are happy when shooting.
"The time now had come to double
back on our tracks and return home
to our base camp. I drew several
more toboggans and cut up longer
ropes for harnesses. I gathered the
24 men who were to accompany me
and organized our return trip. Cor-
porals were appointed to each tobog-
gan. The men rigged the harnesses,
and everything possible was done in
advance of the start. Preparation is
everything, as we learned when we
got under way the next morning.
"A howling blizzard lashed at
us when we arose at 6 am. It was
the worst kind of weather in which
to break camp. Our preparations
had stood us in good stead. We
were ready. Hot cereal and coffee,
and then we struck the tents,
packed them on the toboggans and
lashed them securely. We moved
out on the dot of eight as sched-
uled, and it was down hill all the
That sounds easier than it was. At
times the toboggan would pull the
whole five men down flat on the
snow, and it took a little time to
U' Fresh Air
Camp Groups
Unite for Action
Ten members of the University
committee for the Fresh Air Camp
and a Detroit committee of 12 busi-
nessmen, judges and lawyers decided
at a special meeting held Tuesday in
the Detroit Rackham Building to
unite the two groups into one large
"We made this move," Prof. F. N.
Menefee, chairman of the faculty
groups, said, "to enlarge the spon-
sorship of the Fresh Air Camp and
subsequently to increase the present
number of camp supporters."
Among those who attended the
meeting were Dr. Alexander G.
Ruthven, Dean James B. Edmonson,
Dr. Louis Hopkins, Dr. Warren E.
Forsythe, Dr. Lowell J. Carr, Dr.
Edward W. Blakeman, Dean C. S.
Yoakum, Herbert Wagner. Nicholas
Schrieber, and Prof. Menefee.
The totals collected in the twenty-
third annual Tag Day held last
month on campus now amount to
Latin Troubadours
To Serenade Coeds
For the first time in the history
of the University, Michigan coeds
will be serenaded after closing hours
tonight in true Latin American style.
The good-neighbor students have
decided to stroll with their guitars
from one women's residence to an-
other, singing their favorite sere-

nades especially for lonesome senor-
"In my country it is not proper to
disclose the identity of the singers
until after the serenade," one of the
men said yesterday. For that rea-
son the group would like to be known
merely as the "South American
The songs will be in Spanish, and
if the senoritas appear to enjoy the
singing "The Troubadours" will sing
four or five numbers.
Fifteen Seniors Initiated
Into Chemical Fraternity
The following senior men were re-
cently initiated into Phi Lambda Up-
silon, honorary chemical fraternity:
Lyle F. Albright, Chester A. Bruner,
Kenneth L. Cordes, Lyle E. Martz,
Harold O'Hern, Carl V. Orberg, Law-
rence S. Bartell, John S. Beuchamp,
and Albert D. Togna.
Graduate students initiated were:
Austin H. Beebe, Lloyd Brownell,
Richard R. Kraybill, Carl W. Bjork-
lund, Max E. Chilcote, and Dominie
The Junior Award Winners for
1943 are Lawrence S. Bartell. Harold

... ,

reorganize. But we quickly recov-
ered and pushed on to the Weasel
Trail. Here our toboggans were
towed out to the State Highway. We
skied from there on a trail parallel
to the Weasel Trail and expected to
find trucks there to carry us home.
An order came to ski two miles
further up grade, to Cooper Hill
again. There are some times when
you feel you cannot take another
step forward, but that is when mili-
tary training and discipline comes
in. The step forward was taken.
many heavy, weary ones for another
gruelling two miles. We were dog-
tired when we reached Cooper Hill
at four p.m., where big Army vans
were waiting for us. We continued
by motor van from there to our home
"A howl greeted the officers with
their two-week beards as they en-
tered the officers' mess where ev-
eryone was dining in formal dress.
But it was good to be back. The
big trek was over, and successfully.





"Many things stand out in mem-
ory. The most impressive feature
was the high morale of the men.
They griped a bit, but that is the
privilege of every Army man, as Gen-
eral McArthur said when he paid
high tribute to the American dough-
boy. Besides. my shoes were smoking
a bit when I heard we had to ski two
miles farther up hill to meet our
trucks after we had been told they
would meet us at the road.
"We learned a great deal from
the maneuvers. Everyone had
suggestions that were sound.
"You would be amazed at the snow
houses built by many of the men.
Some you could walk into upright.
They were lined with fir boughs as
a touch of interior decoration. When
the soft lights of the candle shed
their quiet glow in our igloos, it was
a real he-man's club and conversa-
tion ran high.
I remember the last evening. I
walked around to see what the
men were doing. They looked like

volcanos dug in the snow with
fires burning at the bottom, white.
clad geniis sitting around the
flames. There was something un-
earthly about it. These holes var-
ied from five to Six feet to ten or
twelve feet in depth. As gusts of
icy wind whipped down into these
pits, the flames flickered in beau-
tiful patterns.
I had many fine talks with the
men, many of who were from New
England. They are all very proud of
the fact that most of the 87th, and
city bred at that, came from the East.
They took to the great open West,
in the dead of winter, with a gusto
that would have made a pioneer wel-
come them as blood brothers, though
they arrived a century after his day.
But spirit is eternal.
"That fine spirit of adventure and
rugged independence and initiative
will follow the Regiment wherever
it goes. All my chips are on the 67th
Mountain Infantry."
The End

(7j.I P

Atri~dtin &titu

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