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May 11, 1943 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-11

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TIL :, ., hL.F ::. 1341



Distance and MutanPeaks
Enrich Lves of Ski 'i'roopers ;

Yanks and

Tamit t-i

Relect §efrom ii hti

j 4s-ant


gi~ Harriet pratt


Editor's Note: This is the fourth in
a series of six articles depicting. the
life of ski troopers.
Judge Advocate General's School
"A wintry clear morning of sun-
shine diamonded the snow, as our
fourth day on the trail unfolded a
magnificent prospect of vast dis-
tance and might. In the foreground
roaring campfires were checkered
with tents, the motion of men, eager
to commence operations. Ahead the
pure white peak of Homestake Moun-
tain reared its lofty head in majestic
eminence. Every man was alive to
the grandeur of the scene. Such a
life appealed to them, and made
them better soldiers, for the life of
U' Delegation
Returns from
USSA Meeting
National Student Group
Will Coordinate Efforts
For Youth Movement
The Michigan delegation to the
United States Student Assembly con-
vention held last week-end in New
York City returned to the campus
yesterday reporting that the Assem-
bly has been organized as a demo-
cratic national student organization
to coordinate the efforts of local
groups into a youth movement.
Elizabeth Hawley, '45, Chairman of
the Post-War Council, Mary Bor-
man, '44, former head of the Man-
power Corps, and Mary Lee Gross-
man, '46, Chairman of the Speakers
Bureau composed the voting delega-
tion from the University, while Ethel
Shirwindt, '46, and Millie Dansker,
'44, both of Inter-Racial' Council,
were observers.
This first meeting of the USSA was
a constituent assembly to organize
the group on a national democratic
basis. Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt
and James Carey, secretary-treasurer
of the CIO, addressed the group and
round table panels were held to draw
up resolutions of the Assembly's poli-
The most hotly contested issue at
the Assembly was the problem of the
admission of Fcommunistorganiza-
tions as chartered local members of
the USSA. After heated discussion
the Assembly included in its consti-
tution the followingstatement: "The
National Executive Committee shall
charter local campus groups without
discrimination as political belief-ex-
cept that Communist and Fascist
groups are excluded."
The Assembly formulated and ap-
proved resolutions of policy which
endorse the NRPB report, approve
of independence for India, denounce
the State Department's appeasement
policy in North Africa and. approve
of closer cooperation among the
labor unions of the United States,
Russia and Great Britain. The group
also passed a resolution favoring the
formation of post-war councils and
manpower corps.
Mrs. Roosevelt in her speech on
Saturday to the convention empha-
sized that the local groups on the
various campuses in the nation
should provide for their members
training for life in a democratic soci-
James Carey emphasized to the
group that the leadership of the
nation in the post-war world must
come from the youth.
Douglas Will
Give Lecture

On AFS Today
Hammond B. Douglas, a volunteer
ambulance driver with the American
field service, will speak at 4:15 p.m.
today in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
He will present an illustrated lec-
ture on the work of the American
Field Service in the Middle East.
Douglas, a former student at Yale
University, left that school a few
months before graduating to join the
He served in Syria for two months
and was then transferred to the sev-
enth New Zealand division in the
Western Desert for four months, tak-
in part in the initial action of the
Eighth Army's advance against Rom-
mel in October, 1942.
There will be no admission charged
for this lecture.
Orientation Heads
To Meet Tomorrow
All men interested in serving as
orientation advisors for the summer
semester are asked to attend a short
meeting 7:30 p.m. Wednesday in the
Student Offices of the Union.
A hrmi 4 fihundr1 iied resfvhme ~ n n

the ski trooper is isolated and calls,
as the wilds forever have to men who
are self-reliant, independent, yet
"The order to Man the Main Line
of Resistance tore us from our rev-
eries of the scene. Togged out in
white garments for protective col-
oing to blend with the white of
the snow, the company moved
along to ghost the trail. Strange
men in these hallowed hills of in-
finity zig-zagged up mountain on
the long slope. Not a tree or shrub
above timber line. Long curves of
snow fashioned with the everlast-
ing scoops of blizzard winds. But
this was only a dream.
"In a jiffy, snow had been scooped
out, and deadly weapons had been
grounded on hard rock along the
Main Line of Resistance. There the
troops maneuvered from ten till
four. As we prepared to make camp
for the night, we turned and looked
across the Tennessee Valley and saw
Cooper Hill, and far behind that,
row upon row of jagged peaks gilded
the sky with fourteen thousand feet
of cosmic silhouette. This was liv-
ing. It was a man's world.
"Huge Army bombers had come
and gone at noon. From the skies
had floated parachutes with pre-
cious supplies. Red bundles with
ammunition and green pack's con-
taining rations. A rainbow of pop-
corn floated down to eager hands.
Dropped within 200 yards of our
position, nimble hands flipped
them open and swung weapons into
action. We worked away while the
warm sun burned our faces despite
a cool wind.
"The wind picked up snow on the
ridge and cornice and roared it down
the slopes where it flicked us all day.
Driven snow blinded us. It developed
an appetite, and that night tomato
soup never tasted better. Good old
diamond broth.
"It gets dark early in the hills and
we prepared to bed down for the
night, in our pup tents. We have a
little brush to remove snow each
time we crawl in. It really does the
trick in keeping out extra snow. Each
night I took off all garments except
heavy under-clothing and two pair
of socks. Even my ski boots went
into the sleeping bag with me, to
prevent them from freezing. Also a
canteen of water went into the sleep-
ing bag.
The inner soles of my ski boots,
I laid across my chest to dry them
out with body heat. When I zipped
up the outside bag, and then the
inside sleeping bag, I really was in
for good. With the two of us
sleeping in the little pup tent, there
was not an inch to spare. Instead
of putting my head down into the
sleeping bag each night, I used my
ski cap to keep my ears warm and
left my head out. Several nights
later, though, I had to put my head
under or I would have lost my nose.
"It was a treat to lie snugly in the
sleeping bag and hear the terrific
gusts of wind flank down the Peak.
From a long distance off, we would
hear them gather momentum, like
symphonic music, or the ride of the
Valkuries, blast our trees and tents,
even shaking the ground, and roar
off moaning and cracking to distant
silence. Somewhere between these
titantic breaths of nature, we would
take a long one ourselves, and coast
off to sleep, wondering what new
adventures lay on tomorrow's trail."
French Club To
Honor Play Cast
Koella, Heineman To
Speak at Final Meeting
The French Club will pay special
tribute to the cast of the French play
at their final meeting of the year

which is to be held at 8 p.m. tomor-
row in the League.
Warner Heineman, '43BAd, will
give a short talk about Europe, "Is
Money Worth Anything?" and Prof.
Charles E. Koella, faculty adviser for
the club, will also address the group.
The meeting will conclude with
French songs and games and refresh-
"The club has been quite active
this year under the leadership of its
officers, Warner Heineman, '43BAd,
Jack Vaughn, '43, Jacqueline Jump,
'45, and Marian Batchelar, '44,"
Prof. Koella said yesterday in sum-
ming up the activities of the club
this year.
"The absurd propaganda against
French language and culture is losing
ground every day," he continued.
"Everywhere the study of French is
picking up in our country. The
more the Allied armies approach the
continent of Europe, the more the
necessity of knowing French increas-

i.u%<* h a ie ty at
Are Now B'ino Built
On Inland lWaterways
cle Sam's Army has its own private
navy-a fleet of little fighting ships
that works without glamor and goes
places tha belies its official designa
tion of the inshore patrol.
The fleet is a branch of the
Coast Artillery. The ships are
mine ituaiters, like those that per-
iodica lI move out from the Mar-
ietta MaUmfacturing C o m p a n y
yard at Point Pleasant, W. Va.,
jouneiyiitg to New Orleans.
l'hese boats, the first warships
built on te Ohio since the Civil War
and thle heiaviest ever sent out of the
inland waterways, have been hitting
the water on schedule for months.
The mine planters are compact,
comfortable, efficient. They are e-
quipped with . devices that would
serve a battleship, like the gadget
that not only tells the skipper how
much water he has under the keel
but keeps a record of the information.j

American and British soldiers released from an It alian prison ship come ashore on a beach at Tunis
after the Allies captured the town from the Axis. Th e flag in foreground is the French Tri-color with the
Cross of Lorraine. Picture radioed from Algiers. (Associated Press Photo from U.S. Signal Corps Radiophoto.)

Capt. Swyler
Was .'t'eacher
Turns from English
To Military Science
Capt. Erik Swyler, Assistant Pro-
fessor of Military Science and Tac-
tics for the ROTC units on campus,
has had more than ten years experi-
ence in the field of teaching, both
as a private citizen and as an Army
Before going on active duty from
the Reserves in October, 1941, Capt.
Swyler was an Instructor of English
at Middlebury College, Vermont.
Since going on duty at the 1229th
Reception Center at Fort Dix, New
Jersey, he has been stationed at Fort
Benning, Georgia, where he took a
refresher course in the Infantry
School there, and at the Branch Im-
materail Replacement Center, Frt
McClellan, Alabama.
Transferred to the University, in
October, 1942, Capt. Swyler is now
pursuing his teaching career in a
new form with the ROTC courses on
A native of Haddonfield, New Jer-
sey, Capt. Swyler was commissioned
in the Reserves upon his graduation
in 1930 with an A. B. degree from
Penn State College where he took
ROTC. From 1930 until he was
called to active duty in 1941 he
taught at Middlebury.
Capt. Swyler is now living at 331
Packard with his wife and two-year
old son.
Calderon To End
Talks Today
Dr. Garcia-Calderon of Peru will
give the last in the series of talks on
Latin-America sponsored by the So-
ciedad Latino-Americana at 8 p.m.
today in the amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building.
Dr. Garcia-Calderon, a specialist
in private international law, is now
doing research work in inter-Amer-
ican law here at the U. of M. Edu-
cated at several different universities,
he has a B.A. degree from the Catho-
lic University of Lima, a degree in
law from the National University of
San Marcos and a Ph.D. in history
from the Universidad Mayor de San
Marcos de Lima
Dr. Garcia-Calderon has had wide
experience with students, having par-
ticipated in congresses of students
in different Latin - American coun-
tries and been leader of the Stu-
dents' Federation. He has also pub-
lished several articles on history, so-
ciology and international law.
The Sociedad Latino-Americana
extends a cordial invitation to stu-
dents, faculty and townspeople to
attend the lecture today. The mem-
bers wish to express their apprecia-
tion of the large ;ttendance which
the lecture series has had.
Health Talks To
Continue Today
Considering health problems of
urban and rural populations, survey-
ing the variety of health plans now
operating throughout the country,
and studying methods of organiza-
tion and administration is the three-
fold purpose of the Institute of Pub-
lic Health Economics, now in its sec-
sond day at the School of Public

Fistfuls of $100 B ils Offered
For- Ride with §Toy() Riders

(1'olor Oueen
The first color queen in the history.
of the campus unit of the NROTC,
Miss Harriet Pratt, '43, will presents
the colors to the Third Company ait
the parade to be held 7:15 p.m. to-,
morrow at Palmer Field.
Excellence in drill and intra-pla-
toon competition was the basis on
which the Third Company of the
NROTC was awarded the honor of
being singled out as this year's Color
Among the individual awards
which went to the various units of
the Third Company were:
The Infantry cup, won by the see-
ond platoon of the Third Company,
headed by NROTC Ensign Robert V.
Martelli, '44E. The best individual
squad of the second platoon was the
fourth, led by Daniel M. Saulson, '44.
A special award will be presented
to the first platoon of the Third
Company under NROTC Lt. (j.g.)
Mark Van Aken, '44, by the Saline
Post of the American Legion at the
parade tomorrow for their victory
in the inter-platoon athletic compe-
Herman C. Kranzer, '46E, of the
first squad of the first platoon of the
Third Company, is the winner of the
individual Manual - of - Arms spell-

Editor's Note: The following account
of the April 18, 1942, raid by United
States bombers on Japan was told to
Preston Grover, Associated Press cor-
respondent at New Delhi, India, by a
participant who in st remain ammy-
NEW DELHI, India, May 6.-(P)-
When the crews of the 16 Billy
Mitchell bombers which attacked
Tokyo and other targets in Japan
climbed into the cockpits aboard the
carrier Hornet, members of four
other crews whose planes had been
damaged by mishaps ran around the
deck waving fistfulls of $100 bills try-
ing to buy places on the planes.
There were no sales.
Lt.-Col. James H. Doolittle (now
a Major-General) took off first at
0800 (8 a.m.) on April 18, 1942. The
others followed, all 16 getting off
Three hours out from the carrier
we sighted a Japanese scout bomber.
It changed its course, obviously
studying us. With our speed we could
get away from it. But its presence
was ample indication that the Japa-
nese tanker which sighted us early
in the morning of April 18 had got
through a warning to Imperial head-
quarters, although it had been sunk
in 23 seconds by a cruiser from our
escort. Otherwise, there was no rea-
son for a scout plane to have been
so far out.
We came in low over Tokyo Har-
bor, but climbed to about 2,500 feet
over the middle of the city. We
reached Tokyo about an hour and
a half after the first plane went over.
We got plenty of ack-ack.
Our target was a chemical works.
It seemed we were a century on
the run. We dropped bombs and
incendiaries. Then we dived for
speed and pulled away from the
target. A small piece of the rudder
was "shot away. Nine Zero fighters
attacked, but we shook them off.
Hedge-hopping over buildings, we
turned out over the bay. Suddenly
a Zero came up. Our turret gun
jammed. That left us with only one
gun. We dived and then banked the
nose up. He turned his belly toward
us and the gunner hit him. He
didn't follow.
We rounded the southern tip of the
Japanese islands and turned west
into China. The plane did beauti-
fully. We detoured a few ships. At
sundown we spotted our course and
had one hour's gasoline to go. Twen-
ty-five miles off the coast of China
we ran into bad rains, so we climbed
to save gas.
We levelled off at 8,000 feet and
sat watching the gas needle go down
and down. It was dark now and
raining violently.
I bailed out at 22:10 (10:10 p.m.).
I must have been knockednout when
I landed but apparently, not know-
ing when I was going to hit the
ground, I was relaxed and unhurt.
When I came to I was on a hill-
soaking wet. It was cold-too cold
to sleep.
In the morning I went into a
village. The people ran into their
I passed through several more vil-
lages until I entered a big one at
1600 (4 p.m.), where I located a mag-
istrate who spoke some English. The
magistrate was "100 precent good"
and helped establish contact with
other pilots in a neighboring village.
After bailing out all the crews, ex-
cept the five interned in Siberia and
Phi Eta Sigma Will Meet

a small number killed, missing or
captured, reached the rendezvous
point--an air base in East China.1
The original plan had been to
alight at a base where magnificent
"bomb Tokyo" runways had been
built, refuel and fly to Chungking.
But some of the planes lacked fuel
to get that far because they had
to leave the carrier sooner than ex-
pected when discovered by the tank-
The Americans arrived at Chung-
king during the first week of May.
They were greeted by the hysteri-
cally-happy popplace and proceeded
to India a few days later.
Supreme Court
Decision Hits
NBC and CBS'
Mutual rOa(Ieastinllg
system Welcomes
Legal Development
NEW YORK, May 10.-P)--The,
Supreme Court's validation of far-
reaching regulations of the FCC over
the contractual relations between
radio networks and local stations was
received as a heavy blow today by
NBC and CBS, both of which spoke
of the possible desirability of changes
in fundamental radio law, but wel-
comed by a third organization, Mu-
tual Broadcasting System.
It was perhaps the most important
legal development in the history of
modern chain broadcasting.
CBS, NBC Have Been Fighting Rules
Since October of 1941 NBC and
CBS had been fighting this Commis-
sion's proposed rules-rules now con-
firmed by the Court in a 5 to 2 de-
cision-while Mutual had intervened
against its competitors, claiming un-
fair competitive conditions under the
old setup.
Of the six commission regulations
the one most strongly attacked by
NBC and CBS in a long and thus far
losing fight was that restricting the
system by which the radio chains
obtained exclusive options from hun-
dreds of American stations to clear
their big national programs on ar-
ranged schedules.
This regulation, known in the
trade as "3.104" and embodying
under that bare and prosaic title a
controversy of mighty proportions,
declare that option arrangements
"may not prevent or hinder the sta-
tion from optioning or selling any
or all of the time covered by the op-
tion, or other time to other network
NBC Argues Destruction of Networks
NBC argued-and its contentions
were typical of that side of the argu-
ments-that the effect of this would
be to destroy nationwide network
broadcasting as it is now known,
compelling the chain to try to sell
time to national advertisers on an "is,
as and when" basis in which the net-
work might never be sure of just
what it could deliver and when.
Contracts with advertisers, it was
contended, normally were on a one-
year basis, and if the old system of
optional time were knocked out NBC,
which now has a sort of blanket op-
tion arrangement with 140 stations,
would have to negotiate separately.
/f I An M/zfjlo.ffflr.

..The radios are powerful, too. One
of the planters was anchored here
to ride out the January flood when
it picked mip a Tokyo broadcast. It
"In the United States there is a
river called the Ohio River, and this
river is flooding and ten thousand
lives have been lost. War industries
have been destroyed and the United
States' war effort has been perman-
ently crippled. This, of course, is good
news to Japan."
It was startling to the ship's offi-
cers, who had been assured by vet-
eran river men that it was a minor
flood, the only casualties a couple
of hogs penned too close to the
I visited one of these boats, the
Spurgin, and found that there is
hardly a cubic inch of excess space
in the hold,ubut in the forecastleand
officers' quarters there is enogh
room to be comfortable. The skipper
enjoys the luxury of a private bath-
room and still can swing his arms in
his cabin.
The galley, with its electric range,
automatic potato peeler, meat grind-
er, and other equipment kept the
crew eating hearty. On deck outside
are ventilated storage bins for pota-
toes and onions.
The ship is air conditioned
throughout, a matter of importance
in tropical waters.
These mine planters, part of the
Army's permanent equipment, go
wherever the Army goes. The United
States' own harbors must be pro-
tected, but so must those where we
establish beach-heads. The ships are
not particularly fast, but one made
an ocean crossing in eight days alone
rather than join a slow convoy.
The United Staes had eight when
the war started and now it has a lot
more, with others coming along.
The crews are made up largelr of
drafted merchant seamen, although
a number of landlubbers have been
assigned. Chief Warrant Officer
John Lastovka, master of the Spur-
gin, said the latter make good sailors
since they have no preconceptions
of how the service should be run.

to stone your
at Evans! i:
Don't put it off. These are
dangerous days for fur coats.
Hogan-Hayes, -Michigan's
Largest Exclusive Furriers, will
store your fur coat in their
scientifically protected .cold fur
storage vaults at, very little
cost. Hogan-Hayes' thorough
gas fumigation and steriliza-
tion process completely de-
stroyS all germs and moth eggs.
Don't Delay! Call 2 5656 right
now for bonded messenger. No
'charge for pick-up arid deliv-
ery. Express charges paid both
ways for out-of-town custo-
mers. $3 for coats valued up
to $100.




- . I

- 4y


"When you're doing your
"WHEN Victory gordening; youll
I'M TIRIISTY- welcome ice-told
IT'S COCA-COLA Coca-Cola. Speaking for -
Coke, I'm here to tell you
r that ice-cold Coca-Coa ,
brings you all the differ-
ence between something
really refreshing and just
something to drink. It has a
taste all its own and quo ity
you trust. Enjoy it
you can."
S ' F J .

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