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May 11, 1943 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-11

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rt1L5UA; ' 11# Y It, 1943

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Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.,
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Presa is.exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches. credited tto it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigah. as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
National Advertising Service, I.'
College Publishers Representative
Editorial Staff
Bud Brimmer . . . . . . Editorial Director
Leon Gordenker . . . . . City Editor
Marion Ford . . . . . . Associate Editor
Charlotte Conover . . Associate Editor
Betty Harvey . . . . . . Women's Editor
James Conant . . . . . Columnist
Business Staff
Elizabeth Carpenter . . Local Advertising
Pat Oehlert Circulation
Jeanne, Lovett t .- Service
Martha Opsion . . . . . Contracts
Sybil Perlmutter . . . . . Accounts
Molly Winokur . . . National Advertising
Margery Wolfson . . . . . Promotion
Barbara Peterson . . . Classified Advertisitig
Rosalie Frank . . Women's Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only,

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May Keep Control

meant until he was assured of con-
tinued production-or for the dura-

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WASHINGTON, May 11.-You can tion, if necessary.
mark it down as definite that the,
coal mnines will remain open for the While Ickes didn't say so, he as-
duration. L. sumed that Lewis might not sign a
Jaohn. Lewis will not resume new contract with the operators
the strike when his 15-day "truce" while the War Labor Board had jur-
wthtserokerhe seis res-.y re isdiction of the case. This has been
with the operators expires. borne out by developments since.
At the same time, don't be sur-b
prised if there iso no real settlement'L
of the coal wage dispute in the form Doesn't Like WLB


of a new contract between Lewis and
the operators.
This may sound like a paradox, for
the mine labor boss has stated re-
peatedly that members of his union
wbn't "trespass" on the property of
the operators unless they have a con-
tract. However, to insiders who have
been close to the coal crisis from
the beginning, the answer is obvious:
Lewis is willing for Interior Sec-
retary Harold Ickes to continue as
czar of the nation's coal mines
after the 1,5-day truce expires, in
which case the 'mines still would
be the property of the government.
When Ickes, in his capacity as
Solid Fuels Administrator, announced
last Tuesday, two days after a long
conference with Lewis, that he was
retaining control until the "coal
business is a going concern," he

The mine labor boss not only has
refused to negotiate with the War
Labor Board, which he suspects of
being prejudiced against the miners
but he and his advisers have decided;
privately to sign no contract with
the operators as long as the WLB
has jurisdiction.
Lewis would rather take his
chances with Ickes, who has shown
no great love for mine operators in
the past and who already has made
two concessions to the miners since
taking over-a guaranteed six-day
work week and a promise to clean up
profiteering by operator-owned com-
missary stores.
Also, Lewis would like nothing
better thanl to.hold the WLB up to
public ridicule for failing to settle
the coal strike.
(Copyright, 1943. United Features Synd.)

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Students Owe Support
To Bomber Sehdlarsxhi p
THE DRIVE which the Bomber Scholarship
Fund launched yesterday in an effort to nieet
its quota of $15,0600for the semester deseeVs the
support of every student on this campus.
By helping to contrilite the ;500 which the
Bomber Fund must raise this week, students
and faculty members will be doingtleir pral
in the University's war effort by contrlttiing
to the purchase of bonds, and they will also
be making it possible for those University sti-
dents who have left aid who will leave for the
armed forces to return here after the war and
The least that can be done for this cause is
to give it the help it deserves, which may make
all the difference in the world in the future lives
of countless University students, who witho t
the money from this Fuiid might not be able
to return here after the war.
- Jane Farraut
Anti-PollZ Tax Bill Will
Test Belief in Freedom
EARLY PASSAGE of the anti-poll tax bill, at
least in the Huse of Representatives, was
virtually assured last week when ten more Con-
gressmen affixed their signatures Thursday to
a petition forcing the bill out of committee in
record-breaking time.
Two hundred and eighteen members of the
House of Representative signed the petition d-
manding that the bill come up for' vote on May
24. Rep. George H. Bender, (Rep.-O.) who is
chairman of the committee in charge of the
petition is confident that the House will vote
"overwhelmingly to abolish the property restric-
tion on suffrage."
The real test will come in'the Senate. If thle
bil is passed in the House on May 24, alvo-
cates of the measure will have more than a
year and a half to organize pressure for push-
ing the measure through the Senate. The t t
that the proposal is supported by liberals,
church leaders, labor and Negro organizations,
and the fact that the bill will come up before
the Senate during next year's election cami-
paign may furnish 'ust enough pressure to
shove the measure over the blockade set p by
reactionary senators from the Southern States.
TODAY more than ten million poor white and
Negro people of the South are forbidden the
right to vote in this nation where all m n sup-
posedly have an equal right to "life, liberty and
the pursuit of happiness." Today a few poll-tax
Congressmen have been able to block any kind
of progressive legislation that dares to hint of
equality between the Negroes and the whites,
between the poor and the rich.
Until we Americans can succeed in explaining
away the paradoxes in our democracy, until we
can reconcile some of its contradictions, we
really cannot say with complete justification
that we are fighting for democracy and freedom.
The passage of this poll tax bill in Congress
will mean that at long last the Congress has a
complete confidence in the democratic will of
the people. It will mean that regardless of race,
nnlr" t~nrl r ~rolthnnri~vrm isw lii+RVPth

SotieIs Will Never Accept
Sikorski Rile in Poland
+ E RUSSIANS will never again deal with the
Spresent Polish Government-in-Emile.
This became evident when the Soviet Vice
Comtinissar of Foreign Affairs Vishinski charged
Palish diplomiats and 'military men with espion-
age 'while on Soviet territory.
'TMis was the latest of a series of charges lev-
eed against the Sikorski government. It is
now celain that the reason given for the recent
4olish-Tussian break in diplomatic relations,
that is, the acceptance by the Polish government
of 'theGebbels line in the Polish officer's case,
was just the straw that broke the camel's back.
IN AD.TI0N to charging the London Poles
with espionage and the following of the Nazi
line, the.Soviet Government has declared that:
1-The Poles have been attempting to form
ait Eserni European anti-Soviet bloc com-
paed of Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Yugo-
slavia. '
2-T ie Poles have consistently maligned the
Soviet Union in their foreign press.
3-The Poles have placed boundary consid-
erations aliove th'e winning of the war.
4-'The Polish 'Army in the Soviet Union has
in the large part been withdrawn to the Middle
5-Th'e followers of the pro-Nazi Colonel
Reck have had undue influence in the Sikorski
It is, then, evident that nothing but a com-
plete reorganization of the Polish Government-
in-Exile on pro-Russian lines will be acceptable
to the Soviet Union. -Ed Podliashuk
Lewis Should Follow
Sfel Leaders' Example
T BtHOOVES irate John L. Lewis and his mine
workers to look into the relations of the steel
workers ad WLB.
S Philip Murray, president of the CIO, clearly
Indicated in his recent speech before delegates
of the United Steel ,Workers the role that labor
can 'and must play during the war.
He drove home the point in no uncertain terms
that labor must deliver the goods to win the
war. He advised that every gain made by or-
ganized labor in recent years be held and that
workers demand full participation in labor-man-
agement committees, but that labor demands
must not interfere with the 'war effort.
lut more than this, the delegates not only
completely stood behind the suggestions of
Murray and renewed their no-strike pledge,
but also made proposals for better execution
of the war effort.
They justly enough accused the OPA for creat-
ing national confusion in wage and price control,
but rather than let their complaints go at that,
they proposed that retail prices be rolled back to
the level of Sept. 15, 1942.
TH-.EY ATTACKED the government's freezing
of jobs and wages, proposing in, its place a
national guarantee of pay for forty hours of
work and joint agreements between management
and labor on manpower problems.
These decisions and proposals on the part
of the steel delegates indicated that they have
carefully considered the problem of labor not
solely from labor's viewpoint, but from the

1"d Rather
Be, Right_
NEW YORK, May 11.- I do not usually bother
to show up contradictions in Axis propaganda,
because it is too easy a game. I would much
rather work out bn certain domestic highbindes,
who are really subtle operators -n nc double-
talk field, as when they say that this administra-
tion ought to be fired because it has muddled
the production problem, and also that it ought
to send more stuff to MacArthur because we are
now producing so much.
However, the Axis double-talkers ought not
to escape an occasional treatment.
We start then, with Tojo, who has just told
an outdoor audience in Manila that the Fili-
pinos will have their independence restored only
when they "return to their true oriental spirit."
But if there is anything that Tojo's Axis
partner, Hitler, hates, it is the "orietnal spirit."
Ile murdered Jews on the claim that they were
Orientals, and he excused the Invasion of
Russia on the theory that it was an attack on
dangerous eastern, or Oriental, hordes.
The Axis is mobilizing Europe on a slogan of
down with the Oriental races, and it is mobilizing
Asia on a slogan of down with the occidental
races, in which somewhat roundabout manner
it reveals that its enemy is the human race.
We go on, now, to the case of Marshal Petain,
who says lie deals with Hitler because that is
the only way to preserve France and the French
But in its propaganda work in Syria, the
Axis asks the natives to throw the British out,
and be free, for, it says, France will be "dead"
after the war, and will never return to Syria.
So the Axis promises life to France at Y'Vhy,
and it promises death to trance in the Near
If we go into Europe itself to look for Axis con-
tradictions and double-talk we find a forest of it.
The Germans have dropped the "living space"
theory and are now describing Europe as one
cozy community, all of whose peoples are going
to be allowed to make themselves harmoniously
snug together among the tombstones. But a
German paper reports that a number of German
farmers are being punished for sending parcels
of food to foreign workers who had been trans-
ferred from their farms to munitions factories.
Apparently these German farmers had developed
feelings of friendship for their prisoner-workers.
But Hitler, who is forced to preach the propa-
anda line of friendship among European peoples,
is also compelled to fear that friendship when it
does arise, unofficially and down below, making
his war seem stupid. He has to stimulate Euro-
pean friendship and he has to fight it, both.
The German press is also in a continuous tizzy
against those German maidens, who, perhaps
taking the new friendship line too seriously, are
accused of intimate relations with foreign pris-
oners. Many new laws have been issued against
these advanced manifestations of community
The headiest of German double-talk wells
up in the' economic field. The Hitler regime
came to power promising national "socialism."
it never delivered and never intended to. But
th' f r.t, d- eiia. ni 'cetion;co f whi

TUESDAY, MAY 11, 1943
VOL. LtI No. 162
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President In typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
ti'n, exept on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 'a.m.
Commencement Tickets: Tickets for
Commencement may be obtained on re-
quest at the Information Desk In the
Business Office, Room , University Hall.
Because Hill Auditorium will be used for
the exercises, and because of its limited
seating capacity, only three tickets will
be available for each senior. Please pre-
sent identification card when applying
for tickets.,
- Ierbert G. Watkins,
Assistant secretary
All Students, Registration for Sumier
Term and Summer Session: Each student
should plan to register for himself ac-
cording to the alphabetical schedules for
June 24 and 25. Registrations by proxy
will not be accepted.
-Robert L. Williams
Assistant Registrar
Registration Material, Colleges of L. S.
& A., Education, Music, Public Health:
Students should call for summer term
and summer session registration material
at Room 4 University Hall beginning May
11. Please see your adviser and secure
all necessary signatures before examina-
ions begin.
-Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar
Registration Material, College of Archi-
tecture: Students should call for summer
term and summer session material at
Room 4 University Hall beginning May 11.
The College of Architecture will post an
announcement in the near future giving
time of conferences with your classifier.
Please wait for this notice before seeing
your classifier.
-Robert . Williams,
Assistant Registrar
Registration Material, School of Forestry
and Conservation: Registration material
should be called for beginning May 11 at
Room 2048 Natural Science Building.
-Robert L. Williams,
Assistant Registrar
To Students Interested in the Teaching
of Young Children:
A special invitation to visit the Univer-
sity Elementary School today and Wednes-
day. May 12. from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.,
is issued to students in the University
who may wish to explore any interest
they may have in becoming teachers
in nursery schools, kindergartens, or
elementary grades. Students should re-
port to Miss Davis, Librarian, Room 1400,
for further directions.
Mr. Olson, Director of Research in Child
Development, and Mrs. Firestone, Super-
vising Principal, will be available for con-
ferences in Room 1508 at 10:00 o'clock and
at 10:30 on both days.
-J. B. Edmonson, Dean,
School of Education
German Departmental Library: All books
are due on Saturday, May 15.
Teaching Departments wishing to recom-
mend tentative May graduates from the
College of Literature, Science, and the
Arts and the School of Education for
Departmental Honors should send such
mens company has engulfed the
Licht und Kraftanlagen A.G., etc.,
Germany's workers, promised enor-I
mous benefits, were sold out first.
Then the German middle class, prom-
ised stability, was sold out to big
German capital. Now big German

names to the Registrar's Office, Room 4,
U. Hall, before May 18.
Senior Egineers--May 1943: Caps and
gowns may be obtained at the League,
Wednesday, May 12, and Thursday, Ma,
13. from 2:30 to 5:00 p.m. Class- dues
may be paid at this time.
Senior Mechanical, MIarine, Electrical
and Clvii Engineering Students:
A. representative 'of DRAVO CORPOA-
TION, Pittsburgh, Pa., will interview sen-
iors for positions with that organization
on Friday, May 14, in Room 214 West Engi-
nieering Building.
Interview schedule is posted on the
Bulletin Board at Room 221 West Engi-
neering Bidg.
Summer jobs for men: The Detroit City
and Fuel Company is looking for men.
They must be over 16 years of age. Pay
is excellent. Information regarding appli-
cation for these jobs may be secured at
the office of the Bureau 'of Appointments,
201 Mason Hall, 9-12 a.m. and 2-4 p.m.
-ureau of Appointments
And Occupatioal information
Women Students: The May Blood Bank
will be held May 19 and 20. Women stu-
dents wishing to donate will please make
an appointment in the Undergraduate Of-
fice of the' League today or Wednesday,
May 12, 1:00-5:00 p.n.
Lecture: Dr. Manuel Garcia Calderon,
of Peru, will give the last of the series of'
talks on Latin America on the subject,
"A General Survey of Peru," under the
auspices of the Latin American Society
of the University of Michigan. tonight at
8:00 in the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Faculty, students and townspeople are
welcome to the lecture, which will be de-
lvered in English and without charge.
Biological Chemistry fecture: Dr. Doro-
thy Wrinch, of Amherst, Massachusetts,
will speak, under the auspices of the
Department of Biological Chemistry, on
Wednesday, May 12, at 8:15 p.m., in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. Her subject will
be "The Native Proteins in the Physical
and Biological Sciences." All interested are
America Field Service Lecture': Mr.
Hammond B. Douglas, volunteer ambu-'
lance driver with the American Field' ev
ice, Will speak in Rackham Lecture dIl.
today at 4:15 p.m. The public is cordially
invited. Mr. Douglas will give an illus-
trated lecture presenting the interesting
story of the volunteer ambulance service.
Academic Notices
Zoology Seminar will meet in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre at 7:30 p.m. on Thurs-
day, May 13. Report by Stephen P. Hatch-
ett will be given on "Biology of the Iso-
poda of Michigan."
Graduate Students in Speech: The last
meeting of the Graduate Study Club of
the Department of Speech for the cur-
rent academic year will be held at 3:45
p.m. on Wednesday in the East Confer-
ence Room of the Rackham Building.
Graduate Record Examination Results:
The results of t'ac Graduate Record Exa-
iuation are now available. Seniors may ob-
tain their results from Mr. Poor by call-
ing in person at the War Information Cen-
ter in the Michignn League. Graduate
students will receive their results _from
Mr. E. S. Rice in the Graduate School Of-
The University of Michigan choir, Har-
din Van Deursen, Conductor, Will present
a'program at 8:30 p.m. on Thursday, May
13, in the Assembly Hall of the Raciham
Building, when motets, madrigals and
part-songs will be heard. The general
public is cordially invited.

10ost-afar Planning. .
I N A LETTER to the Editor a few
days ago. Mr. Markwitz made
some very subtle and humorous re-
marks about post-war planning.
He did not openly praise or con-
demn such action but apparently
made a sarcastic effort to show the
impossibility of establishing a last-
ing peace. His two cents' worth, as
he called his suggestions, does not
represent a sincere attempt to
bring about a greater and better
understanding of the problems that
will exist in the period following
the war. Nor does it in any way
help foster the conscientious atti-
tude that the American public
must have if any post-war plans
are to work successfully.
Unquestionably, most people
will agree that it is unwise to try
to do too much in planning now
for the aftermath of this strug-
gle; we do not want to disunite
the war effort in our eagerness
to unite the peace effort, How-
ever, there is no reason why the
Allies should not formulate now
some of the general policies that
are essential to any permanent
ITHOUT falling into the cate-
gory of wishful thinkers who
speak only in pleasant sounding
and idealistic phrases, I can reiter-
ate a few of the practical sugges-
tions already made by some of the
world's most prominent men.
1. All trade barriers must be
removed, and free access to raw
materials must be provided to
every nation.
2. A stronger international or-
ganization must be created,
backed up by a world police
3.*Freedom of the seas and
eventually the Four Freedoms
enunciated by Roosevelt must be
Instead of trying to complicate
things and make the post-war
problems remote and insolvable,
why don't we face the issue square-
ly, forget our unwarranted opti-
mism or pessimism, and strive to
obtain a clear and true under-
standing of the responsibilities that
will be ours in carrying out these
and other suggestions.
Harvey Weisberg
14 Adams House
Ann Arbor
Archaeology, through May 12. 2 to 5 daily.
Galleries of the Rackham Building.
Fourteenth Annual Exhibition of Sculp-
ture, Michigan League Building. Open
Events Today
The English Journal Club will meet
tonight at 7:45 in the East conference
Room of the Rackham Building. A panel
will discuss the topic: "What Are the
Basic Values in American Literature, and
by What Methods Should We as Teachers
Seek to Promote Such Values?" Faculty
members and graduate students are cor-
dially invited.
Mathematics Club will meet this
evening at 8 o'clock, in the West confer-
ence 'Room, Rackham Building. This meet-
ing will be devoted to a memorial to Hil-
bert, and the following staff members
will speak: Messrs. Elder, Hildebrandt,
Hyers, Rainich and Wilder.
Athens Members will meet today at 5
o'lock in the League.
Christian science organization will meet
tonight at 8:15 in Rooms D and B of the
Michigan League
Disciples Guild: Tea will be srved this
afternoon, 5:00 to 600, at the Disciples
Guild House, 438 Maynard St. Both Dis-
cibles and Congregational students and
friends are invited.
Michigan Dames will hold their annual
installation banquet in the Michigan
League at 7 o'clock tonight.

CO ming Events
'the Cercle Francais will meet on Wedne:-
day, May 12, at 8:00 p.m. in the Michigan
League. All members of the~ French Play
are also invited. Refreshments.
Institute on Post-War Planning: A local
institute on this subject will be conducted
by District .2 of the Michigan Library
Association and the Ann Arbor Library
Club on Friday, May 14; symposium 2:30-
5:00 p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre; dinner
6:00 p.m., Methodist Church; film forum
demonstration, 7:30 p.m., Kellogg Audi-
torium. Persons interested are cordially
Michigan Alumnae club of Ann Arbor:
Annual meeting and tea at the home of
Mrs. Alexander G. Ruthven on Wednes-
day, May 12, at 3:00 p.m. Dues for next
year may be paid at this meetirng. Every-
one is urged to attend. Junior members
especially invited.
varsity Glee Club: The banquet for to-
night has necessarily been cancelled; how-
ever, there will be a "Smoker" Thursday
eveAn gh at the regular timedand place.
At that time the music folders should
be returned and the keys will be given

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