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May 06, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-06

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VOL. LIII No. 158



Liberators Hit Hainan Island from C


Stalin States
Russia Wants
Strong Poland
Tells Correspondent
Soviet Union Will Enter
Alliance Against Nazis
NEW YORK, May 5.-()-Pre-+
mier Stalin of Russia, in a letter to
the New York Times correspondent
in Moscow, stated today that Russiai
wishes to see a strong and independ-
ent Poland established after Hitler's
defeat, and said that if Poland de-;
sires, the Soviet Union would enter a
Mist-war alliance of mutual assist-1
ance against Germany.
Written a little more than a week
after Russia broke off relations with
Poland, Stalin's letter was in reply'
to questions submitted by the Times
correspondent, Ralph Parker.
Russia broke relations April 261
with the Polish government-in-exile,
charging it with acting 'in league
with the Germans in a hostile cam-
taign against Russia in connection
ti1. German allegations that theI
Soviets had slaughtered 10,000 Polish
6fflcers near Smolensk.,
German Alien
Inform'ed FBII
f Stephan
DI'ROIT, May 5.-(A)-DietrichI
Walter Rintelen, a German alein,
was disclosed today as the man who,
lit Ined , #he Fed ral Bureau of In-
#eyttatIon ageits that Max Stephan
gle ht Oberleutnant Hans Peter
Krug, fugitive from a Canadian pris-
oil camp, to the store of Theodorei
onay here on April 18, 1942.
-Ite han, since convicted of trea-
son for aiding Krug's flight, and
bonay, Detroit importer now on trial
in federal court charged with mis-
prision of treason, are German-born
naturalized American citizens.
Rintelen, former storekeeper for
Donay is charged with knowing of
Stephan's treason and failing to no-
tify government authorities.
He testified that within two hours
after seeing Stephan, Donay and
Krug in what he described as "a very
secret conversation," he telephoned,
the FBI from an outside pay station.
Two days later, he said, Donay told;
him never to mention to any onehe3
had seen Krug and Stephan in the;
Rintelen followed Krug on the wit-
ness stand. The Nazi flier, after re-
fusing to testify yesterday, appeared,
today and freely told the jury that,
at. the meeting in Donay's store he;
not only introduced himself by name
and rank, but told the importer that;
"I came from Canada and was trying
to get back to Germany."
Reds Capture
Rail Junction
Army 9 Miles froimi
Sea Port Novorossisk
By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 6. (Thursday)--
The Red Army has killed 7,000 Ger-
mans, captured the rail junction of
Krymskaya, and pushed on eight
miles to occupy Neberdjayevskaya,
only nine miles from the Black Sea

port of Novorossisk last big Axis
base in the Caucasus, Moscow an-
nounced early today.
The midnight communique, re-
corded by the Soviet monitor, said
eight other villages had fallen to the
advancing Russians, who also cap-
tured 80 guns, 220 machineguns and
other war material in their power
drive to oust remaining Axis forces
clinging to the Caucasus.
Smashing German positions on a
15-mile front, the Red Army troops
were supported by Soviet airmen who
were heavily strafing the retreating
Germans, the communique said.
The fighting raged over a 30-mile
front froma point just northeast
of Noyorossisk to the lower Kuban
River valley on the Tamen Peninsula
to the north.
Big Russian bombers also were

Senate Passes Amended
Gonna llyAn~ti-Strike Bill

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 5-Legisa-
tion making it a crime to instigate a
strike in war plants or mines which
have been taken over by the govern-
ment swept through the Senate to-
day by a vote of 63 to 16.
As sent to the House after three
days of debate, the measure was a
much-amended version of the bill by
Senator Connally (Dem.-Tex.) to
give congressional sanction for gov-
ernment seizure of struck plants and
mines. Originally introduced months
ago, it had lain dormant until John
L. Lewis, United Mine Workers chief-
tain, refused to submit the soft coal
wage dispute to the War Labor Board
and the miners' work stoppage devel-
Gives WLB Powers
The final version also contained a
clause, insisted upon by Republican
members, vesting in the War Labor
Board statutory power to enter and
settle labor disputes.
That amendment, pushed through
by Senator Danaher (Rep.-Conn.),
was plucked out of a far more sweep-
ing proposal by Senator Taft (Rep.-
Ohio) which would have permitted
the Attorney General to apply to cir-
cuit court for injunctions to enforce
the board's decisions. The Taft
amendment lost, 34 to 45, but the
Danaher proposal carried on a stand-
ing vote.
Decisions of WLB Final
If finally enacted, Danaher said,
his amendment would give the WLB
full authority to settle wage disputes
without necessity to adhering to the
so-called Little Steel formula ,which
permits general wage rises not to ex-
ceed 15 per cent above the level of
January 1, 1941, to compensate for
increased living costs. The decisions
of the Board would be final, subject
Services Today
'U' Doctor Succumbs
After Short Illness
Private funeral services will be
held at 2:30 p.m. today at St. An-
drew's Episcopal church for 39 year-
old Dr. Norman R. Kretzschmar, as-
sociate professor of obstetrics and
gynecology in the University Medical
School, who died yesterday in the
University Hospital after a two weeks
Dr. Kretzschmar's death was un-
expected by his associates. Although
he had been ill from a heart attack
since April 23, it had been believed
that he was recovering until he was
suddenly stricken at 7:40 a.m. yes-
Receiving his degree of doctor of
medicine from the University, Dr.
Kretzschmar has been on the Uni-
versity medical faculty since 1926.
In 1931, he was raised to assistant
professor, and was made an associate
professor in 1937.
Since 1931, Dr. Kretzschmar has
been engaged in private practice with
Dr. Norman F. Miller, chairman of
the department of obstetrics and gy-
necology in the Medical School, as
his associate.
He is survived by his widow, the
former Mildreth Addison of Detroit;
two sons, William 18, and Robert, 15;
his mother, Mrs. Oscar Kretzschmar,
Detroit; and four brothers, Will,
Clarence, Fred and George Kretzsch-
mar, also of Detroit.-

only to review by the courts on ques-
tions of law.
The bill provides that the govern-
ment may take over "any plant
equipped for the manufacture, pro-
duction or mining of any articles or
materials which may be required for
the national defense or which may
be useful in connection therewith."
whenever the President proclaims
that a strike or other labor disturb-
ance has interrupted production.
Allies Reach
Area 10 Miles
From Bizerte
Yanks Threaten Axis
Positions near Tunis;
Push near Ferryville
By The Associated Press
American and French troops have
reached a point only 10 miles from
Bizerte while another American col-
umn swinging southeast from Ma-
teur was reported tonight to be
threatening to turn German posi-
tions which have been holding up
the British First Army 20 mies west
of Tunis.
Allies Forge Ahead
Three columns, two of them Amer-
ican, were converging on Bizerte in
Northern Tunisia. A French column
reached Cap Koran, 10 miles west of
Bizerte and at the edge of a plain
leading to that city, one American
column pushing along the northern
edge of Lake Achkel below Bizerte
repulsed a German counterattack at
Djebel Cheniti, and another Ameri-
can column driving northeastward
from Mateur was only five miles
short of Ferryville.
Ferryville is 10 miles above Mateur
and only eight miles across Lake
Bizerte from the heavily fortified
naval base. As a supply port for the
Axis, forces Ferryville already has
been rendered largely useless by con-
centrated American air bombing.
Big Allied guns now can shell both
Ferryville and Bizerte.
Nazis Counterattack
Pushing out of the captured high-
way hub of Mateur the Americans
were reported to have made a five-
mile gain east of that city, and to the
southeast repulsed another light en-
emy counterattack launched from
Diebel Makna, a ridge on the east
side of the River Tine.
It was this latter American thrust
aimed at Tebourba, 18 miles west of
Tunis and about the same distance
southeast of Mateur, that was threat-
ening to outflank the Germans who
have been holding up the British
First Army east of Medjez-El-Bab.
RAF Blockbusters
Smash Dortmunid
LONDON, May 5.-(AP)-The larg-
est concentration of four-engine
bombers ever sent out on a war mis-
sion bashed Dortmund, Germany,
last night with a 1,500-ton blockbust-
er saturation raid approximating the
weight of destruction heaped on Col-
ogne by more than 1,000 planes near-
ly a year ago.
The size of the RAF attacking
force over Dortmund could only
be gauged by the fact that the loss of
30 planes was not considered exces-
sive. In the official language of the
air ministry the raid was described
as "very heavy."

Iekes Moves
To Prevent
Coal Shortage
May Transfer Stock
From Well-Supplied
To Needy Consuners j
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 5.--Prepar-
ing aginst any new coal emergency,
Fuel Administrator Ickes today set
up machinery under which he may
seize coal from persons or plants
with safe margins or supply and di-
vert it to those caught short.
The action was taken at a time
when coal miners of the nation are
at work under a 15-day truce pending
attempts to settle wage demands.
Ickes issued regulations setting up
procedure under which he could act
to protect war plants and essential
civilian users from shortages, regard-
less of whether they arise from a
work stoppage, faulty distribution or
other cause.i
He offered reassurance, however,
that "the normal distribution of coal
will not be disturbed unless such ac-
tion is absolutely essential."
"However, when it becomes neces-
sary to divert coal in emergencies, I
shall not hestitate to do so," he said.
Lewis Keeps Silent
On Plans for Miners
NEW YORK, May 5.-()-As
John L. Lewis, President of the Unit-
ed Mine Workers, maintained his sil-
ence on his plans for the nation's
more than half million hard and soft
coal miners, Fuel Administrator Har-
old L. Ickes moved to set up machin,
ery to offset any new coal emergency.
In New York, Levis met with his
policy committee for 17 minutes, and
remarked "we're just adjourning,"
when it was over. But there were in-
dications that the policy committee
would not meet again for some time
to come.
Grad writes
Novel About
Willow Run.
"Willow Run," the first book of
Glendon Swarthout, who graduated
from the University in 1939, will be
published on May 27, the author said
in an interview at his Ann Arbor
apartment yesterday.
Written with the experience gained
from five months of work at Willow
Run as a riveter, the book was de-
scribed by Swarthout as "a novel
about a group of workers building a
bomber at the great Ypsilanti plant,
in which their personal problems are
developed during the course of one
night's shift.
"I wrote the book," the author
said. "at the same time I was working
at the plant, from July 1, to Dec. 1,
1942, spending six hours a day on it
in addition to the regular eight hour
Born in Lowell, Mich., in 1918,
Swarthout told of his varied experi-
ences since leaving the University.
"Following graduation I obtained
a position writing advertising copy
with a firm in Detroit. I went to
the Carribean area and northern
South America, to report on social
and political conditions there for 26
small Michigan papers," he said.

Describing his trip back in April,
1042, through submarine infested wa-
ters on the Dutch ship Hebe, Swarth-

Public Health aGianour Girl Bilding;Base Almost

. ..New School of Public Health to have formal opening Monday.
New Public Health Sehool
Will Have Opening Monday

The new School of Public Health
on Observatory street, $750,000 glass
and brick glamour-girl among the
nation's public health institutions,
will make its formal opening Monday.
The graduate school, erected from
grants made by the W. K. Kellogg
Foundation, the Rockefeller Founda-
tion, and the National Foundation
for Infantile Paralysis, is unique both
in its extensive research program and
in the opportunity it will afford for
closely coordinating classroom with
field experience.
Units To Be Consolidated
Here in the pastel-walled, well-
lighted interior, the University's two-
year-old units of public health will
be consolidated. Monkeys, rabbits,
fowl and guinea pigs will be moved
from the old East Hospital researchI
laboratories into the glass-walled,
peach-ceilinged animal paradise on
the first floor; the temporary offices
of Public HealthaSchool's Dean Hen-
ry F. Vaughan and secretary of the
faculty Dr. Nathan Sinai will be
transferred from their present site
in the Kellogg Dental School; make-
shift headquarters of the public
health nurses in Waterman's Gym
will make the change, as well as of-
fices of public health officials now
located in the West Medical building.
Last Word in Accommodation
Structurally, the Lewis Sarvis-
designed house-that-science-built, is
the last word in both style and ac-
commodations. Offices, conference
and class rooms will occupy the three
story front; laboratories and animal
quarters will comprise the two-story
wings of the U-shaped building.
Dr. Thomas Francis, Jr., and as-
sociates will investigate causes of
poliomyelitis dissemination and
methods of inactivating influenza in
the isolated virus department on the
first floor. Precautionary against the
out told of seeing two ships torpedoed
in addition to the sister ship of the
one on which he was traveling.
While on campus, the author was a
member of Chi Phi fraternity and
wrotefor the literary magazine,
"Since I left my job at Willow Run
last December, I have been working
on the night shift at the King-Seeley
plant, where I am employed as a
foreman. At present I am trying to
enlist in the Navy," he said.
En~g ineerin 1g C n ciw I
Petitions Due Today
Petitions for positions on the En-
gineering Council are due today in
the office of Dean Alfred H. Lovell,
259 W. Engineering Building, John
Gardner, '46E, announced.
Petitions must be signed by at least
15 members of the candidate's class
and should state the qualifications of
the candidate and a pi'oposed plan
of class activities for the coming
year. Freshman petitioners must

spread of infectious viruses are the
hermetically sealed research cubicals
in which ventilators continually suck
up the dangerous air; and the "is-
land" laboratory units surrounded by
"moats" filled with disinfectant, to'
prevent the passage of germs into
the corridor.
On the second floor Dr. Lowell T.
Coggeshall directs malaria research;
quinine substitute drugs are being
tested for prophylactic and thera-
puetic activity. The tropical disease
department looks for all the world
like a summer camp; in guarding
against insect vectors, all windows,
doors and drafts have been covered
with fine copper mesh screening.,
Even the temperature in the insect-
ory must be kept within tropical or
blood heat.
the experimental animals have
ir own ultra-modern kitchen, op-
eraing room 'and x-ray equipment.
There is a media room where food
for "germs" is prepared; it took AA-4
Turn to Page 2, Col. 6
Air Raid Test
Is Tomorrow
New System Will Get
First Large-Scale Use
Diligent students studying for fin-
als two weeks in advance will have a
perfect excuse for not studying from
10:03 until 10:13 p.m. tomorrow
when Washtenaw County blacks out
in its longest air raid test to date.
Partial blackouts will be in effect
from 9:43 to 10 p.m. and from 10:13
to 10:25 p.m. These two periods are
known as "blue" periods and conform
with Michigan's new air raid warn-
ing system, which will receive its
first large scale test tomorrow. Gen-
esee, Macomb, Monroe. Oakland, St.
Clair and Wayne Counties, in addi-
tion to Washtenaw, will black out.
During the first blue period, all
lights and illuminations visible from
the outside of any building shall be
put out. Lights inside may be kept
on or turned on only when shielded
through the use of blinds, curtains,
paper or blankets so that no light is
visible from the outside.
At 10 p.m. a three-minute fluc-
tuating signal by sirens will signify
the "red" period, or the beginning of
the complete blackout.
The red period will end with the
second blue signal at 10:13 p.m At
10:25 the all-clear will sound. And
aforesaid diligents may then get back
to studying.
May Festival To G o
On Diring Blackout
Patrons of the May Festival will
not be disturbed by the city's air
f raid test, from 9:43 to 10:25 p.m. to-
F !morow.PoliceChief Shermn H. T

Wiped Out in
Fierce Raid
Operation Is Part of
'On-to-Tokyo' Plans;
Heaviest Blow to Date
CHUNGKING, May 5.-The 14th
United States Army Air force-
strengthened by newly arrived Liber-
ator bombers which can attack Japan
itself-struck ite heaviest blow of the
war yesterday by pounding Japanese
military installations on Hainan Is-
land off the southern tip of China,
and in the Hanoi-Haiphong area of
Northern French Indo-China.
"The mission was the heaviest
bombing and strafing raid of the
war against Japanese installations
from China-held bases," said the
communique from Lieut.-Gen. Jos-
eph W. Stilwall's Headquarters. "All
our planes engaged in this operation
are accounted for."
Liberators 'Wipe Out' Airport
The four-engined long-range Liber-
ators were reported by their com-
mander to have "pretty nearly wiped
out" the airport at Samah on the
southern tip of Hainan Island, which
the Japanese have converted into a
powerful base. The operation was
part of the "on-to-Tokyo" plans of
Maj.-Gen. Claire L. Chennault's
American and Chinese airmen.
(The Tokyo radio in a broadcast
heard in London reported that Amer-
ican planes hadmade two raids Wed-
nesday on targets in northern Indo-
China, indicating a continuance of
the U. S. attacks).
Bombers Attack Ind-China Bases
Two-engined Mitchell bombers at-
tacked the Japanese bases In north-
ern Indo-China which lie across tihe
Gulf of Tonkin from Hainan Island,
and then P-40 Fighters strafed the
target areas.
The Liberators flew unescorted on
the Hainan expedition, 200 miles of
their trip being the over-water hop
across the Gulf of Tonkin. The Jap-
anese apparently were caught by
surprise on both raids because the
communique said the American
planes reached their targets without
interception and against ineffective
Ianti-aircraft fire.
Yank Pincers
Frighten Japs
WASHINGTON, May 5.-(/)-The
first report of an American air at-
tack on a new Japanese base in the
Central Solomons indicteed today
that the enemy is working feverishly
to bolster his outerhdefenses against
the gradually tightening ring of
American bases.
A Navy communique related that
on last Tuesday, Solomons time,
American fighter, torpedo and dive
bombing planes struck at enemy in-
stallations at Vanga Vanga and at
Ringi Cove on Kolombangara Island
about 185 nautical miles northwest
of Gudalcanal airfield and about 125
from the new American base in the
Russell Islands.
A fire was started at Vanga Vanga,
the communique said, and "smoke
was observed in the Ringi Cove area."
Navy men here said they were with-
out information as to the nature of
the Japanese installations. Those on
Vanga Vanga apparently were set
up only recently, but the Japanese
have been in Ringi Cove some
Now that the United States has
moved into Ellice Islands in the
South Central Pacific, has disclosed
the occupation of the Russells north

of Guadalcanal, and has brought in-
creasing pressure to bear on Kiska in
the Aleutians, the assumption here
is that the Japanese are devoting
every ounce of energy to the
strengthening of their positions in
anticipation of har fighting ahead.
Hershey Says Fathers
Will Be Drafted Soon
WASHINGTON, May 5.- (1P)-
Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, Selec-
itve Service Director, declared today
it may be necessary to induct fathers
into the armed services by August 1
or earlier to meet draft auotas.

Kreisler TO Play in Festival Tonight

Fritz Kreisler, internationally fam-
ous violinist, and the University
Choral Union under the direction of
Hardin Van Duersen will be present-
ed in the second concert of the Gold-
en Jubilee May Festival at 8:30 to-
night in Hill Auditorium.
Kreisler will play Mendelssohn's
"Concerto in E minor, Op. 64." This
is the first time that he has appeared

Deo" and Stock's "A Psalmodic
Fredrick Jagel, tenor of the Metro-
politan Opera Company, will also
sing in the preformance of Stock's
works. Palmer Christian University
organist, will take part in both of the
choral selections.
Forgthe closing number of the con-
cert, Eugene Ormandy will lead the
orchestra in Strauss' "Death and
Transfiguration," as a tribute to both

witz who will not appear because of
illness, the University Musical Soci-
ety announced yesterday.
Born in Russia, Brailowsky went
as a boy to Vienna so that he could
study under the great Leschetizky. In
addition to his many tours in the
United States, he has made eleven
tours of Europe, seven in South
America and has appeared many

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