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May 02, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-02

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VOL. LI No. 155 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 2, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

FDR
Ickes

Authorizes

Seizure

of

Coal

i . 1 *

Advocates

Curtailment

of

____ _ O

* *

Smiles for Their First G.I. Pay

It is smiles for these Advanced ROTC men stati oned in the West Quadrangle as they wave their first
Army pay aloft. Pictured, left to right, are: HaroId Coleman, Hank Dongvillo, Bruce Carson, Jim.
Collins, Mort Cohen, Fred Dornblaser and Charles C annon.

BALFOUR CUP AT STAKE:
Inter fraternity Sing To Be Held
On Library Steps Tomorrow

Taking its final bow for the dura-
tion, the last Interfraternity Sing
will be held at 7:15 p.m. tomorrow
on the steps of the Library.
Seven fraternities will compete for
the rotating Balfour cup which each s
year goes to the winning house, and
for the permanent cup which the top
placers will also receive. Permanent
cups will be given to the second and
third place winners.
The competing houses and their .
songs are as follows: Alpha Delta
Phi-"Strangers-Friar's Song Med-
ley," Beta Theta Pi-"The Erie
Canal," Phi Delta Theta-"Eternal
Praise," Kappa Sigma-"Hospodi
Pomioli," Sigma Chi-'Sweetheart
of Sigma Chi," Sigma Nu-"When
Day is Done," and Theta Xi-"Theta
Xi Medley."
Each fraternity will be helped on
to victory by a special cheering sec-
New Officers
For Bomher
Fund Elected
Bisdee, Hastrieter Are
First Women To I-old
Offices on Committee
New officers for the coming year
and for the summer semester elected
at a meeting yesterday of the Bomber
Scholarship Committee are Jean Bis-
dee, '44, chairman for the coming
year, and Mary June Hastreiter, '44,
temporary chairman for the summer!
term, the first women to hold the
positions since the plan was inaugur-
ated.
"University women are proud to
take over the leadership of the
Bomber Scholarship Drive. I am
confident that we will be able to
continue the fine work that has been
done this year by the Bomber!
Scholarship Committee," Miss Has-
treiter said in taking over for the
summer from Coral DePreister, '43E,'
former Chairman of the Fund.
Miss Bisdee is treasurer of League

tion made up of several sororities.
Alpha Delta Phi will be sponsored by
Alpha Phi and Delta Gamma, Beta
Theta Pi by Pi Beta Phi, Alpha Xi
Delta and Alpha Epsilon Phi, and Phi
Delta Theta by Kappa Kappa Gam-
ma, Zeta Tau Alpha and Alpha Delta
Pi.
Kappa Sigma will be sponsored byj
Sorosis, Alpha Omicron Pi and Al-
pha Chi Omego, Sigma Chi by Kappa
Alpha Theta, Kappa Delta and Phi
Sigma Sigma, Sigma Nu by Chi
Omega, and Alpha Gamma Delta
and Theta Xi by Delta Delta Deltaj
and Gamma Phi Beta.j
Kappa Sigma, winner of the Sing
for the last two years, will take home
the rotating Balfour trophy perma-
nently if they make first place again
this year.
Two guest stars, Iappa Kappa
Gamma, sorority winners of last
year Lantern Night, and the Wom-
en's Glee Club under the direction
of Bill Sawyer, will appear as added
attractions. Kappa Kappa Gamma
will sing the "Kappa Sweetheart
Song," and the Glee Club will present
an original rhumba written and ar-
ranged by Bill Sawyer.
Judges for the event will be Bill
Sawyer, Prof. David Mattern of the
Schools of Music and Education, and
Rose Marie Grentzer, Instructor in
the School of Music. Awards will be

Medical, Dental
School Revise
Summer Terms
Senior Medic Classes
To Open June 7; Rest
Will Begin June 28
The summer schedule for the
medical and dental schools has been
changed, and the summer term for
lower-classmen in the two schools
will begin June 28, following the re-
vised summer program as announcedj
by the University a week ago.
Exception to this plan will be taken
for seniors in medical school, whose
term runs from June 7 to September
25. This schedule enables the seniors
to finish their training here in time
to take the Michigan Medical Board
examinations and accept internships
beginning Oct. 1, previously con-
tracted.
Seniors in the School of Dentistry
begin their summer term on June 28
(opening date of other schools in
the revised program), but close Aug.
20 for a brief recess. A short session
for dentistry seniors will reopen!
Sept. 7 and end Oct. 23. The clinic
will be closed after this semester's
examination period until Sept. 7,
when it will be used by students in
this session for practice comparable
to medical internships.
All other classes in the dental and
medical schools will follow the re-
vised schedule, beginning June 28.
and ending October 16.
New Decree Limits
Steel Worker Hiring
WASHINGTON, May 1. - (1P) -
Manpower Commissioner McNutt de-
creed tonight that steel mills work-
ing less than 48 hours a week may
hire no new workers after June 1
without War Manpower Commission
approval-thus assuring, McNutt de-
clared, that more than 525,000 steel
workers will be on a 48 hour basis by
July 1.
McNutt, who acted under President
Roosevelt's executive order giving the
commission authority to order a 48-
hour week wherever it deems neces-
sary, said the steel industry now is
averaging only 41.5 hours, with some
plants running as low as 37 hours.
Chances Are Made in

Rail MileaQe
To Be Cut Due
To Coal Strike'
Nation-Wide Dimo t
May Be Adopted as
Conservation Measure4
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 1. - Im-
mediate elimination of all unessential'
railroad travel for the duration of
the coal strike was recommended by
Fuels Administrator Ickes tonight.-
, Ickes disclosed that preparations
were already under way for a 25 per
cent reduction in passenger train and
locomotive mileage.
It was understood that a nation-
wide dimout also would be asked by
Ickes to conserve coal used in gen-
erating electric power.
Ickes' recommendation for a
transportation curtailment was ad-
dressed by letter to Director Joseph
B. Eastman, of the office of defense
transportation.
Supply Must Be Conserved
Pending resumption of mining ac-_
tivity, the letter said, the country's
limited coal supply must be con-
served in every way possible "lest we
soon see the complete stopping of
work in many plants throughout the
country now turning out munitions
and essential civilian products."
The Administrator recommended:
"The curtailment of passenger
train and passenger locomotive mile-
age to the degree that will in effect
displace all railroad passenger travel
which can be postponed or can be
eliminated because it is not directly
related to the prosecution of the
war or essential civilian activities."
25 Per Cent Reduction Needed
He said he understood "that the
office of defense transportation is
now studying ways and means of cur-!
tailing 25 per cent of the passenger
train and locomotive mileage on the
railroads of the United States during
the period of this emergency."
Reliable but unquotable sources
said Iskes already had prepared a
letter addressed to Chairman Donald
M. Nelson of the War Production.
Board requesting a nation-wide
"dim-out" in electrical lighting. It
was stated the letter might be de-
livered to Nelson tomorrow, and
Nelson was expected to take prompt
action.
Nelson Appoints
Whites ide to
New Position
WASHINGTON, May 1--(')-WPB
Chairman Donald M. Nelson tonight.
created a new office of civilian re-
quirements and clothed its director,
Arthur D. Whiteside, with full power
to act as spokesman for the civilian
population for all consumer goods
and services except food, housing,
and transportation.
The civilian czar who is president
of Dun and Bradstreet Inc., was
authorized by the War Production!
Board chairman to determine ra-
tioning policies and to issue direc-
tives telling the office of Price Ad-
ministration when, where and how
much goods are to be rationed.
Whiteside also received author-
ity-superseding that of rubber di-
rector William M. Jeffer-to deter-
mine how much rubber should be

allocated to civilians, and whether it
should be used for tires, corsets, or
other goods, WPB spokesman said.
The new office is set up within
the WPB and replaces the board's
old office of civilian supply headed
by Joseph L. Weiner.I
Lit School Senior Dues
To Be Paid Next Week
Senior class dues of all those grad-
uating in the College of Literature',

A worker at Montour Mine No. 10 in Library, Pa., looks over the
deserted tipple and down at the empty coal cars as thousands of miners
left the pits demanding a new working agreement. The coal-laden
conveyor belt in the foreground is stalled.
American T roops Stab
Into Nazi Bridgehead
Allied Air Forces Strike War's Deadliest
Blow to Axis Shipping in Mediterranean
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, May 1.- (P)-Ameri-
can soldiers in their first large-scale bayonet attack of the Tunisian cam-
paign have stabbed into the fringe of the fan-shaped Axis bridgehead and
captured two strategic hills, U.S. Headquarters announced today, while
Allied airmen celebrated the striking of the war's deadliest blow at Axis
shipping in the Mediterranean.
As the artillery-supported infantrymen stormed their way up the
stoutly defended heights, the Allied air forces caught a concentration of
enemy ships in the Straits of Sicily and sank seven of the vessels and hit at
least two others.
Charging up the slopes in the face of fierce opposition by crack German
troops, the Americans under Lieut.-' <-----_ -
Gen. George S. Patton, Jr., captured IT
both the Diebel Tahent, known as 1 1
hill 609, in the Sidi N'Sir area 16
miles southwest of Mateur, and hill T1echers for

Walkout Stills Coal Tipple

Armed with authority to use troops
if necessary in reopening the mines
next week, Ickes said:
"I pray thatthe'use'of soldiers will
never become necessary. They will
not be called in unless it is abso-
lutely essential."
But the troops remained at Ickes'
command if he ruled they were need-
President Roosevelt will talk to
the nation's miners particularly,
and to the nation in general, over.
all radio networks at 10 o'clock
(EWT) tonight.
The President is expected to re
iterate his request that all miners
"return immediately to the mines
and work for their government,"
and to assure them again that
their dispute will be determined
promptly and fairly if the United
Mine Workers will submit It to
the War Labor Board.

Mines
Travel
Striking ines
Are Declared
U.S. Property
Ickes Has Authority
To Use Troops or Call
On War Department
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 1.- With a
sweep of President Rooseelt's pen
the government today seized control
of the strike-swept coal fields, and
tonight officials prepared to clamp
down severe restrictions on rail travel
and consumption of coal in electric
power generation to ease the nation's
fuel crisis.
The government declared the
mines the property of the United
States and invited the miners to
work for the government, subject
to no orders from John L. Lewis.

presented by
manager of
Auld Co.

Miss Ruth Ann Oakes,
Burr, Patterson and

' lt
Coast Guard
Sinks U-Boat
33 Nazis Captured
Near Carolina Coast
WASHINGTON, May 1, -(P)- A
Coast Guard cutter sank a German
U-Boat off the Carolina coast several
months ago, the Navy reported today,
and captured 33 members of the
crew, including the commanding of-
ficer.
Another officer and 31 enlisted
men made up the group captured.
The prisoners were taken to Charles-
ton, S. C., and presumably now are
being held in a United States prison
camp, although the Navy did not
rnmynft on.their nresent disnosi-

523, immediately to the south. . A *
Even with these successes, the Latin Am ericas
Americans still were unable to look
down upon the plain of Tunis, for I 25,000 Grant Is
there are other heights to be taken ,0 Gs
before they reach sight of the level Accepted by Board of
land. Regents for Instruction
But long-range American guns al-
ready are hurling shells over the Because of an increased demand
mountains into the vital enemy rail BeqalseachrsEdgdemhndy
junction of Mateur, which lies where or qualified teachers Univ esi y
the hills disappear and the plain e . t
begins between Tunis and Bizerte. has been training specialized instruc-
The action by the toughened tors for about one year, it was re-'
American troops who slipped into vealed yesterday.
Ahericartrnosewo slebattling The story was released by Dr. C. C.
the northern sector after asyir Fries of the English department in
the Germans in the Maknassy area
was only part of the bitter fighting connection with a more than $25,000
all along the Tunisian front in which grant accepted by the Board of Re-
the enemy lunged out with several gents Friday.
desperate counterattacks, virtually The University was requested to
all of which were repulsed. begin experimenting with new meth-
Axis forces gained a little ground ods in the spring of 1941 upon the
against the British First Army east i realization of the growing demand
and northeast of Medjez-El-Bab and for qualified persons to present the
turned in slight gains against the United States to Latin Americans
Eighth Army in the south. through the medium of English in.-
struction.
The University is the only insti-
W ork Resum ed tution of its kind doing this type of
work and to date more than 50 per-
1ZrdJ l)1 t sons have been trained here and
117 O1 U placed in teaching centers in South
and Central America.
141 Men Discharged The complete program falls into
two categories, Dr. Fries pointed out.
As 'Troublemakers' The English Language Institute was
established here to develop new ma-
DETROIT, May 1.-(P)--Produc- terial to be used in instructing Latin
tion in Ford Motor Company Rouge Americans in English who have come
Plant foundry division was resumed to this country to study in universi-
today, and the company announced ties and colleges.
the discharge of 141 employes it de- English House is maintained here
scribed as "troublemakers" involved and more than 50 such students have
in recent work stoppages. been trained in English to date dur-
A company spokesman said 56,136 ing the summers of 1941 and 1942.
man-hours of work was lost since The Institute will open a new class
Thursday night as employes of three beginning July 1 and Dr. Fries pre-

ed. President Roosevelt, who acted
as commander-in-chief of the armed
forces, gave the administrator full
authority to call on the War Depart-
ment for whatever aid he found de-
sirable and necessary.
Ickes began his unprecedented
job by dispatching,"call to service"
telegrams to 3,850 coal operators,
ordering them and their workers
to be on the job Monday. He
called in 11 regional managers and
gave them instructions, telling
them "unless the mining of coal is
resumed without delay, we face
almost immediate curtailment of
the production of arms and sup-
plies for our military forces."
He ordered the American flag to
fly over all the coal fields, and dis-
patched red, white and blue posters
to every pit-head, warning "no per-
son shall interfere with the operation
of the mine by the United States
Government."
Even as the President and his fuels
aide acted, a survey showed 480,100
men out today in 12 states' mines em-
ploying 523,000 persons. Not all
these men were necessarily on strike
today, since the total usually work-
ing on Saturdays is 354,000; on the
other hand, many of those out today
had quit work earlier in the week.
The proposed nationwide dimout,
reported to have been recommended
by Ickes to chairman Nelson of the
War Production Board, presumably
would extinguish the lights of thea-
tre marquees, store windows and
other non-essential users of power.
The proposed curtailment of railroad
mileage would eliminate virtually all
non-essential civilian travel, perhaps
placing it on a rationing basis.
William Green, president of the
American Federation of Labor, said
President Roosevelt had given as-
surances that the government has
no intention to use troops to coerce
miners to return to work.
Green, who went to the White
House today with a group of other
labor-leaders, said they were told by
the President that a primary pur-
pose of taking over the struck mines
was to avoid violence.

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