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April 30, 1943 - Image 4

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PAGEFoUrn

TlE UJi C IGAN DAILY

FRIDAY, APRIL 30, 1943

I I

. .._ ..r ... _

Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Mdichigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
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Editorial Staff
Bud Brimmer . . . . . Editorial Director
Leon Gordenker . . . . . . City Editor
Marion Ford . . . Associate Editor
Charlotte Conover . . . . . Associate Editor
Betty Garvey . . . . . . Women's Editor
James Conant. . . . . . . Columnist
Business Staff
Elizabeth Carpenter . . . Local Advertising
Pat Gehlert . . . . . . . Circulation
Jeanne Lovett . . . . . Service
Martha Opsion . . . . . Contracts
Sybil Perlmutter . . . . . Accounts
Molly Winokur . . National Advertising
Margery Wolfson . . . . . Promotion
Barbara Peterson . . . Classified Advertising
Rosalie Franl. . . Women's Business Manager

"The poison-pen is mightier than the sword, mein fuehrer"

Letters to the Editor

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Labor Courses
IN AN EDITORIAL which I wrote
some time ago in The Daily the
question of labor education was
discussed. The point was made
that labor education could be a
profitable field of post-war exper-
ience for universities and colleges.
Then in a letter to the editor writ-
ten by Roy Boucher this stand was
challenged because the writer as-
serted that there is labor education
present in our University today in
such courses in the business ad-
ministration school as production
management, industrial relations,
industrial relations problems, col-
lective bargaining, and factory
management.
I was well aware of these courses
and still maintain that in our sys-
tem today there is not the type of
labor education that could be used
in union labor work to bring the
level of the entire working class
up.
This problem of labor educa-
tion is one that is being consid-
ered seriously by labor organiza-
tions today and their labor edu-
cation programs are among the
most important in their entire
work. But other than those few
purely theoretical courses which
deal with administration there is
nothing offered in our University

that could be 'of much help to
Labor leaders in this field.
Mr. Boucher has probably been
affected. like many students, by
several introductory courses in
economics and feels that economics
is the answer to all of our prob-
lems, including those in labor edu-
cation. I submit that these theor-
etical courses can be of help to any
person but labor needs something
more.
The type of program that Wil-
lard Martinson} aa graduate of
the University and now on the
labor education board in union
work, spoke of in his speech here
some time ago was cooperation
between educational facilities
and. the endeavors of labor to
educate its "masses." There is
at Harvard now a course in labor
unions which is a modest step In
the right direction.
The real question, Mr. Boucher
says, "is Why does labor, especially
union labor, fail to educate its
leaders?" Perhaps he is ignorant
of the fact, which I have mentioned
previously, that labor is making a
valiant effort to educate its leaders
and also to educate itself. But it
would be a worthy experiment to
see if universities and colleges, and
the government as well, could co-
operate in this tremendous task
and, as Mr. Martinson said, "raise
the level of the working class up to
a higher point in our post-war
world for a better democracy for
all."--Evelyn Phillips

Telephone 23-24-1 ti
NIGHT EDITOR: NETTA SIEGEL-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily '
are written by members of The Daity stagy
and represent the views of the writers only. - v y

NEW RIFT:
Soviet-Polish Break Is
Blow to Peace Plans
T HE GREATEST blow that ha thus far been
delivered to the United Nations ideals was
the rift between the Polish Government in Exile
and the Soviet.
The merits of the controversy are of little
consequence. What is important and serious
is that two nations who were supposedly fight-
ing for the same aims and ideals found rela-
tions incompatible. _
Russia, one of the greatest powers in the
United Nations pact and Poland, a nation that
has suffered the wrath of Hitlerism first hand,
succumbed to the wiles of Nazi Propaganda Min-
ister Goebbels.
The break between these two nations who
surely should know the value of union and
solidarity has made people wonder just what
the outcome will be of our peace aims. If we,
the United Nations, now in the process of
achieving military victory,'are fighting each
other, what evidence does the common man,
who is giving his life for the fight, have of
seeing an adequate peace settlement?
If the differences between these nations aren't
resolved immediately, Hitler will have won a
diplomatic victory that assumes the proportions
of a major military victory.
- Stan Wallace
REACTION:
GOP Battles To iutit
Reciprocal Trade Policy
THE ADMINISTRATION's request for the re-
newal of the reciprocal trade policy managed
to squeak through Republican opposition in its
challenging battle for life when the House Ways
and Means Committee voted down the opposi-
tion's proposals.
By a mere three votes the measure managed
to get to the House floor minus the Republi-
can appendages that would stifle and slow
down the whole effort. But the battle isn't
won by a long shot and Republican leaders are
girding themselves to damage the program-
originated and fostered by the administration.
What the Republicans ask is not drastic-it is
just so completely a characteristic of a "do-noth-
ing" party that it clearly reflects the reactionary
policies of Republican administrations of the
early twenties. They don't come out and ask
that the plan be tossed out: no! They are more
conventional.
They just ask that the whole program be so
firmly tied to Congress' apron strings that it
cannot function without a six months debate
preceding it. They fear that the tariff walls
which they have been nurturing so carefully
since the Civil War might be in some way dam-
aged. Therefore, they would limit the program
to a life of two years.
ALL TOO CLEARLY does their proposal that
American producers be allowed to appeal an
agreement to the Customs Courts if the agree-
ments work to their disadvantage show the par-
ty's still-binding connection with big business.
What if the treaty in question managed to aid
the whole American public? If it cuts down one
producer's income-it -is bad and should be de-
stroyed. so the Republicans reason.

WAR MENACE
Public Action on Rising
Delinquency Rate Needed
AMERICA's alarmingly increasing army of de-
linquent boys and giils represents a problem
which must be faced if our post-war world is to
be a desirable place in which to live.
Plans for the rehabilitation and reorientation
of returned soldiers are undeniably important
if we are to overcome the tremendous barriers
encountered in making the transition from war-
time to peacetime. Industry must and is making
plans for reconversion to peacetime production.
However, we dare not allow concentration
upon service men and industry to make us
forget other national problems of vital con-
cern. We must not forget that the thousands
of delinquent children found in every city in
the United States must also be given guidance
which will make them valuable to themselves
and to the rest of society.
The menace of juvenile delinquency to our
nation is dangerously serious. Every juvenile
delinquent is a potential criminal. Only tire-
less, specialized training can substitute for his
warped ideas a sense of values which will make
him respect the right of others to enjoy life in
a decent, well-ordered society.
The menace is especially serious today because
the increase in delinquency is not being met
with an increase in preventative and corrective
measures. Where the situation was bad before
the war, now it is appalling.
A recent issue of Time magazine stated that
delinquency in war boom towns has been
enormously increased. In Oakland County,
located in the heart of southeastern Michi-
gan's defense area, records show an increase
of over 110%, For March alone, 106 new cases
were filed.
NOT ONLY has the number of delinquents in-
creased in Oakland County, but the age level
for beginning delinquency has alarmingly low-
ered. Younger children, ten and twelve year
olds, are guilty of offenses formerly committed
by fifteen and sixteen year olds. Numerous cas-
es have arisen of ten to eleven year old boys
stealing automobiles, and twelve and thirteen
year old girls running away from home. Also
cases of fifteen year old boys picked up for
drunkenness is something unprecedented in ju-
venile delinquency.
Authorities agree that the same factors are
fundamentally responsible for most cases. The
most important factor is neglect. With both
the father and mother working, and with
school teachers overburdened because of de-
pleted staffs and increased enrollments, the
child living in a crowded defense area is forced
to occupy himself with little or no supervision
to teach him what he should and should not
do.
ANOTHER factor which has played a part in
increasing delinquency is the feeling among
youngsters under eighteen, particularly boys,
that they are being left out of the war effort.
Consequently they want to do something spec-
tacular to attract attention. Stealing and de-
structiveness provide an outlet for their injured
egos.
The problem is apparent, the causes are
known; the solution is up to us. We can no
longer delay action- if we are to successfully com-
bat the evils of juvenile delinquency and thereby
in ,-'n- n ,nrcnin naain e4 fha fnimra nannra o n

I I
I'd Rather
Be Right
-B SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, April 30.- SOME POLITICAL
REALITIES: The Soviet note is not a mere break
with the Polish government-in-exile. It is an
attack 4ipon the Polish government. It is not
only a complaint against what the Polish govern-
ment has done. It is a complaint against what
the Polish government is. It does not charge
merely that the Polish government has offended
Russia. It charges that the Polish government
has joined Hitler.
It is later than we think. The issue, is not
whether relations between Russia and Poland
can be patched up. The issue, in Soviet eyes, is
probably whether the other United Nations will
continue relations with the present Polish gov-
ernment.
The plain truth is that Russia has served
notice she will not tolerate an anti-Soviet
government of any kind or variety on her
western frontier.
This alone can explain Russia's failure to ad-
dress an open appeal to all the United Nations,
asking them to exert pressure against the Sikorr-
ski government, persuading it to alter its atti-
tude.- Such an appeal, an obvious move, would
have mobilized sentiment throughout the Allied
world. Pressure against the Sikorski govern-
ment would have been prompt and powerful. The
Soviet Union is not interested in changing the
mind of the Polish government. It is interested
in changing the Polish government.
Let us not be children. We may be sure that
every one of "the consequences of this rupture of
relations was foreseen in the Kremlin. The
break was made, not in spite of these consequen-
ces, but to bring these consequences about.
Russia wanted these consequences. That is
way she made the break. If she had not wanted
the consequences, she would not have made the
break.
The immediate consequences is to raise the
question: Who speaks for Poland, now, with
Russia?
The Soviet action, therefore, throws into
doubt the continued existence of the Polish
government-in-exile. For if Poland does not
have a government which can speak with
Russia, she hardly has a government. To
"speak with Russia" is the major task of Polish
statesmanship for the next generation. The
Soviet note, by denying to the Polish govern-
ment-in-exile the right and power to "speak
with Russia" has, to that extent, cut away the
base of the Sikorski government's power, even
in Poland.
That is what is involved, and we had better
look it full in the face.
The break -is not likely to be patched up. There
is nothing to patch up. The Soviet government
will insist on a friendly government on its west-
ern border. It will not be satisfied with less.
German propaganda scored a brilliant victory,
only in the sense that it accelerated existing
anti-Soviet trends within the IAbish govenment-
in-exile, and made them visible, as the Poles ran
to the Red Cross to confirm a German story.
The break itself may turn out to be far from a
victory for German propaganda. It may turn
out to h muishment. hrsh nromnt and effee-

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

(Continued from Page 2 __
If you wish to finance the purchase of a
home, or if you have purchased improved
property on a land contract and owe a
balance of approximately 60 per cent of the
value of the property, the Investment Of-
fice, 100 South Wing of University Hall,
would be glad to discuss financing through
the medium of a first mortgage. Such fi-
nancing may effect a substantial saving in
interest.
Faculty, College of Engineering: There
will be a meeting of the Faculty today at
4:15 p.m., in Room 348, west Engineering
Building. Agenda: (a) Routine Business;
(b) Consideration of recommendation from
the Standing Committee concerning uni-
form programs and use of texts in ele-
mentary courses.
-A. H. Lovell, Secretary
To all staff members and employees:
All those who find it necessary to file
requests for supplementary gasoline ra-
tion for passenger cars ("B" or "C" Book)
for either driving to and from work, driv-
ing personal car on University business,
or to carry on other occupations, should
mail their original applications or renew-
als to H. S. Anderson at the Buildings and
Grounds Department, University Ext. 317,
and not directly to the Local Gasoline
Rationing Board. These applications must
be approved by the Committee in charge
of the Organized Transportation Plan in
the University and transmitted by it to
the rationing board.-
Any information concerning supple-
mentary gasoline rationing should be ob-
tained by calling University Extension 317.
L. M. Gram, Chairman,
Organized Transportation Plan
Choral Union Members: There will be g1
special rehearsal this evening at Hill
Auditorium for part drills, as follows:
Sopranos-7:00-7:30
Altos-7:30-8:00
Tenors-8:00-8:30
Basses-8:30-9:00
Hardin Van Deursen,
Conductor
Choral Union Members: There will be
a special rehearsal for the full chorus on
Saturday afternoon. May 1, from 1:30 to
3:00 p.m., in Hill Auditorium.
Hardin Van Deursen, Conductor
Senior women interested in enlisting in
{the WAVES, the WAACs, or the SPARs
should contact Dean Alice Lloyd, Dr.
Margaret Bell, or Dr. Margaret Elliott
Tracy before applying to recruitment
headquarters. Seniors applying for these
services must have a letter of recom-
mendation from this committee as part
of their application materials.
Alice C. Lloyd,
Dean of Women
Engineers: Carbide l& Carbon Chemi-
cals Corporation are sending a representa-
tive to interview engineers graduating in
May, August and October on May 7th and
May 8th. Call Bureau of Appointments,
Ext. 371, immediately for an appointment.
some of the people near him, and
it is a final statement that she wilt
not tolerate anti-Russianism to the
west.
That has now become one of the
clear facts of the war, like the weath-
er. It comes with a shock, like a
dash of cold water. We have all
talked about, and most of us have
agreed on, the need for an "under-
sLanding" with Russia. It now turns
out that this is not mere talk, that
Russia insists on this, that the war

Women: The Goodyear Aircraft Corpora-
tion is offering a Junior Engineer College
Program starting in June. A salary is
paid during the training period of six
months. Employment is offered in Akron
at the, end of this time. Complete details
are available at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments. Please come in to look at the
requirements during office hours 9-12 and
2-4, or call Ext. 371.
Bureau7of Appointments and
Occupational Information
Lectures
University Lecture: Dr. Davenport Hooker,
head of the Department of Anatomy, Uni-
versity of Pittsburgh, and Editor of the
Journal of Comparative Neurology, will
lecture on the subject, "The Origin of
Overt Behavior" (illustrated with slides
and motion pictures) today at 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheatre; auspices
of the Department of Anatomy. The pub-
lic is cordially invited.
Academic Notices
Biological Chemistry Seminar will meet
on Monday, May 3, at 4 pm., in 319 West
Medical Building. "The Chemistry of the
Cell-Nucleus and Cytoplasm" will be dis-
cussed. All interested are invited. Note
change in time.
Provisional Rifle Company: The com-
pany will meet7 at the old ROTC Ids. at
1:00 p.m. on Saturday, May 1, for an en-
trenchment problem. Marine Reservists,
ROTC and NROTC Cadets are strongly
urged to attend.
Directed Teaching, Qualifying Examina-
tion: Students expecting to elect D100
(Directed Teaching) next semester are
required to pass a qualifying examination
in the subject which they expect to teach.
This examination will be held on Satur-
day, May 1, at 1:00 p.m. Students will
meet in the auditorium of the University
igh School. The examination will con-
sume about four hours' time; promptness
is therefore essential.
Teacher's Certificate, May 1943 Candi-
dates: The ;Comprehensive Examination
in Education will be given on Saturday,
May 1, from 1:30 to 4:30 in the auditorium
of University High School. Printed Infor-
ination regarding the examination may be
secured in the School of Education Office.
Water Safety Instructors' Course-will
begin Monday, May 3, at 7:30 p.m. at the
Union. Candidates should look on the
board for the: room number; also bring
notebooks, pencils, and swimming suits.
Concerts
May Festival -Performers:
Salvatore Baccaloi, Basso Buffo, Wed-
nesday night.
Fritz Kreisler, Violinist, Thursday night.
Frederick Jagel, Tenor, Thursday and
Saturday nights.
Astrid Varnay, Soprano, Friday after-
noon.
Lily Pons, Soprano, Friday night.
Vladimir Horowitz, Pianist, Saturday
afternoon.
Kerstin Thorborg, Contralto, Saturday
night.
Stella Roman, Soprano, Saturday night.
Alexander Kipnis, Bass, Saturday night.
Eugene Ormancly, Conductor, Wednes-
day and Thursday nights, and Saturday
afternoon and night.
Saul Caston, Conductor, Friday after-
noon and night.
Hardintvan Deursen, Conductor, Thurs-
day night.
Marguerite Hood, Conductor, Friday
afternoon.
Philadelphia Orchestra at allconcerts.
University Choral Union, Thursday and
nafm-- nvnigt.

4ERRY*GO*
ROUND c I
B y DREW
PEARSON
WASHINGTON, April 30.- 'the
Good Neighbor pilgrimage of
youthful, go-getting Eric Johns-
ton, President of the U.S. Chamber
of Commerce, was unique in that
he called upon Latin American
labor leaders. It was the first time
a U.S. business baron had done so.
One night while visiting with
Argentine businessmen Johnston
announced that the next day he
would call at labor union head-
quarters, explaining that he was
anxious to understand not only
Argentine business sentiment, but
also labor. A few minutes later,
an Argentine manufacturer came
up and said:.
"You are a brave man, Mr.
Johnston, a very brave man."
"Why?"
"For calling upon those labor
leaders. You are very remarkable."
Next day Johnston made the
call, armed with leters from Bill
Green and Phil Murray, who
vouched for the fact that he
would keep labor confidences It
turned out to be quite an ocea-
sion, featured by good Argentine
beefsteak and champagne.
Later the head of the Argentine
rail union wrote to Jim Carey of
the CIO a glowing report of the
visit, hoped that more U.S. bus-
iness men would follow Johnston's
example.
Johnston also called upon the
Argentine Cardinal. At first a bit
suspicious, he finally warmed up,
became most cordial and gave
Johnston letters of introduction to
leading clerics in other countries.
The Cardinal's chief complaint
was that the United States
seemed to have communistic
tendencies.
"My answer to that," said Johns-
ton, "is the answer given me by a
representative of Amtorg, the Rus-
sian trading company, who said,
'How can you have communs. ;in
a country where every capitalist is
once removed from the proletariat,
and where every proletarian has
ambitions to become a capitalist?'"
Capital Chaff
In reporting that WPB's ex-vice-
chairman Ferd Eberstadt had been
rejected for an Army commission,
this column was in partial error.
Eberstadt was rejected only for
combat duty, being two years over
the age limit. A captain in the
field artillery in 1917 and an in-
tense patriot, "Eber" wanted to
see action again. The Army says
he will be more valuable in the
War Department ... Congressman
Michael Feighan of Cleveland took
the bull by the horns and urged a
constitutional amendment by which
the President could submit a peace
treaty to the people if vetoed by
the Senate. He pointed out that
33 men in the Senate can block a
peace treaty whether the nation
likes it or not.
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Synd )
graphs, drawings, models, and cost data.
Both professional projects and student
studies are shown. Third floor Exhibition
Room, Architecture Building. Open daily
9 to 5 except Sunday through April 30.
The public is invited.
Exhibition: Pottery by Foster and Haile.
Sponsored by the Museum of Art and

Archaeology, through May 12, 2 to 5
daily except Sunday. Galleries of the
Rackham Building.
.!vents Today
The Spring Initiation and Dinner of
Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society will be held
t4 evening in the ballroom of the Mchi-
gan League. The illustrated address ;will
be given by Dr. Malcolm H. Soule, ProfeS-
sor of Bacteriology and Chairman of the
Hygienic Laboratory, on the subject, "In-
fectious Diseases in South America."
International Night for the benefit o,
WSSF to be held tonight at 8:30 in Doane
Hall. There will be games, entertainment,
and refreshments. Admission charge. ,
Mortar Board: There will be a short
meeting for election of officers this
afternoon at 5:15 in the Council Room.
Health Films: The Health Education
Class of the School of Public Health is
sponsoring the showing of several health
films at 4:00 p.m. today in the Kellogg
Auditorium. The public is invited. 7 Ad-
mission free.
Wesley Foundation: The annual ban-
quet in honor of -Seniors and Graduates
will take place tonight at 6ao'clock in the
Social Hall of the First Methodist Church.
Dr. Marshall R. Reed, pastor of Nardin
Park Methodist Church in Detroit, will be
the speaker. Reservations, may be rmade
by calling 6881.
Hillel Foundation: A special memorial
service following the regular Friday night
services will be dedicated to the memory

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