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April 29, 1943 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-04-29

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Weather
Warmer

VOL. LIII No. 152 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 29, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

laps

Wreak Revenge for Doolittle Raids:

I

Cot.Johnson To Head A
ArmyForces in ThisArea
Veteran of 32 Years of Military Service
Takes Over Command of Col. William Gatoe

Col. Alexander L. Johnson, veteran of 32 years military service and
active in both world wars, will succeed Col. William A. Ganoe to command
all Army forces in the Ann Arbor area, the University ROTC announced
yesterday.
Col. Johnson, at present commandant of Detroit's ROTC, having served
as Acting Chief of Staff of the United States Armed Forces in Australia
during the present conflict, assumed his duties last Sunday following Col.
Ganoe's departure.
He was enroute to the Philippines as a member of the Woods-Forbes
Mission to determine the readiness of the islands for independence just
before the Japanese struck at Pearl * *

t

Harbor.
Ship Reaches Australia
Unable to proceed to its original
destination, his ship went safely to
Australia where he was the first
American soldier to set foot on that
continent during the present war.
There he organized and commanded
a Northern Military. Base and as
Chief of Special Services took charge
of all morale and welfare activities
of the U.S. Army in Australia. He
has in addition seen service in the
Hawaiian and Philippine Islands.
Col. Johnson graduated from the
College of the City of New York in
1911 and later received a commission
as second lieutenant in a Cavalry
Regiment. He was promoted to first
lieutenant in 1916, to captain in 1917
and became a major June 7, 1918.
During the first world war he saw
active service in the Mexican Border
troubles and following the war was
.transferred to the Infantry with the
rank of lieutenant colonel. He was
made a full colonel Sept. 1, 1940.
Attended Georgetown University
During his training period, Col.
Johns n was graduated from the
U.S. Infantry School, the General
Staff and Command School. He re-
ceived master and doctor degrees
from Georgetown University, Wash-
ington, D.C., and was professor of
political science at the University of
Tampa.
During the period between the two
world wars he occupied positions as
Military Instructor/ of the National
Guard. He has se ved as a member
of the Army War College Historical
Turn to Page 6, Col. 2
Aptit de Tests
To e Repeated
Three hundred students are ex-
pected to write the repeat aptitude
examination' to be given at 7 p.m.
today in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
They are being repeated at the
request of a number of persons who
missed the first examination.
These aptitude tests are part of
the University's program to help stu-
dents in determining the military or
civil pursuits for which they are
best suited. They are open to all
freshmen, sophomores and juniors
regardless of school or college.

"}"

W LB SendsI
Coal Dispute
To President
67,000 Miners Are
Striking; White House
Appeals Are Ignored
By The Associated Press
The War Labor Board turned the
soft coal wage dispute over to the
White House yesterday (Wednes-
day), thus heading it for a final
showdown between President Roose-
velt and John L. Lewis, the United
Mine Workers' chieftain.
With 67,000 miners already idle
due to unauthorized walkouts, the
Labor Board said it could only turn
to the White House since its own or-
ders and appeals for continued pro-
duction had been ignored. It added
that, in its opinion the mine case
must be handled like any other'
under established procedures, and
that if any exception is made the
whole system of handling wartime
industrial quarrels would break down.
The dispute confronted the Presi-
dent with challenges on two major
points.
1. The UMW's refusal to submit
its case to the War Labor Board, the
Turn to Page 6, Col. 1
Famed Daily
Meen Go Off
To the _Wars
Don't pass this on, for the Axis
may be listening, but we can tell you
today that certain members of the
Fourth Estate have gone to war.
Yup, newspapermen Homer Swan-
der, Morton Mintz, and Will Sapp,
all ex-Daily editorial moguls, depart-
ed last night by train for the places
where young men learn to become
Navy officers.
Thus, in one swoop, the Axis was
confronted with the three gentlemen
who ran Daily affairs last semester
and who volunteered for a speed-up
program that enabled them to be
graduated earlier and go to sea
sooner.
Swander was the managing editor,
Mintz the editorial director and Sapp
the city editor during the first sem-
ester of this year in which the cam-
pus has gone to war, really for the
first time.
The triumvirate that threw ink
pots at Hitler, Hirohito, and Musso-
lini last semester was joined on an
excursion to Chicago last night by
Bob Burstein, Buz Grossberg and
Bob Morrison.
Last semester the trio resigned
Daily jobs to give "juniors an oppor-
tunity to edit the paper." Since then
they have been studying.
Sapp changed his name-in legal
courts-to Will Scott before leaving.

'It's Spring Again At Michigan'

Much to the sorrow of Michigan coeds, scenes such as the one pictured above of the Varsity Men's
Glee Club serenading the coeds of Madison House, w ill probably not be repeated until after the war. At
one of its final contributions to the University the Club is inviting everyone to its All-Campus Serenade.

Allies Assault
Nazi Position
Yanks Caplture Three
Hill Defenses in Tunis
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, April 28.- The
British First Army threw in a power-
ful assault today against an Axis
mountain position only 21 miles from
Tunis-the Djebel Bou Aoukaz com-
manding open stretches of the Med-
jerda Valley leading down to the
Tunisian capital- while American
troops completed the storming and
capture of three important hill de-
fenses on the route to Mateur and
Bizerte.
To the south the French, who are
hammering at the gates of Pont Du
Fahs, have driven a column south-
east of that town to reach the west-
ern slopes of Djebel Zaghouan de-
spite heavy Axis ,artillery fire, the
French Communique reported. This
column cut the main road from Pont
Du Fahs to Djebebina.
Other French forces, which had
swept forward 15 miles in three days
of what official reports termed "mag-
nificent fighting," were beating at
the outskirts of Pont Du Fahs.

Men's Glee Club
Will Serenade
Campus Tonight
Library Steps To Be
Scene of Program;
Audience To Join In
Climaxing months of trudging
from dormitory to sorority to league
house delighting coeds with rendi-
tions of familiar Michigan songs, and
to celebrate the fact that "It's Spring
Again at Michigan," the Varsity
Men's Glee Club will serenade stu-
dents, faculty members, and towns-
people en masse at 8:30 p.m. today
from the steps of the general library.
"The idea of an All-Campus Sere-
nade in place of the Glee Club's
annual spring concert was adopted
partly because many of the girls
whom we have serenaded have asked
to sing with us," said Bruce Norris,
'45E, general manager of the sere-
nade.
Norris added that the coeds have
helped the Glee Club discover the
songs everyone likes best. Tonight
the audience will be invited to join
in singing such songs as, "When
Night Falls, Dear," with Ken Repola
as soloist, "The Bum Army," and
"Michigan Men." The audience will
also have an opportunity to request
numbers.
Turn to Page 6. Col. 3

M urray C als
For Meeting
Of CIO Board
WASHINGTON, April 28.--(W)-
President Phillip Murray today called
an extraordinary meeting of the CIO
Executive Board for May 14 with the
declaration that there has been "a
complete failure" on the part of
government agencies and Congress
to carry out the stabilization policy
ennunciated by President Roosevelt.
His call for the meeting in Cleve-
land said Stabilization Director
James F. Byrnes, OPA Administrator
Prentiss Brown and Food Adminis-
trator Chester C. Davis were re-
sponsible for "repeated concessions
to certain elements by further in-
creases in prices," for the refusal of
the War Labor Board to adjust wage
inequalities, and for "arbitrary
freezing of men to jobs without re-
lationship to needs of war produc-
tion.
"Further, these administrative
agencies in seeking to hide their own
failures issue arbitrary directives
against labor which can only result
in undermining the morale and ef-
ficiency of workers with a devastat-
ing impact upon war production,"
the call continued.
" I
Legiton Leader
'Blasts Labor
MEMPHIS,. April 28.-(1P)-Col.
Roane Waring, National Commander
of the American Legion, declared to-
night the threatened shutdown by
workers of coal mines pending a wageI
settlement "is a stab in the back
of the America fighting a war."
'"A strike that threatens to shut
down our plants, our mills and our
ship yards is more despicable than
Italy's attack on France when she
was down,"1 Waring said in an ad-
dress prepared for a Legion rally in
his home city.
Referring to earlier appeals for
"leadership on the home front."
Waring turned his attack to John L.
Lewis, President of the United Mine
Workers, and said:
"Now is the time for those in pow-
er to demonstrate that leadership.
Now is the time to determine wheth-
er the government set up by the votes
of our people is running this country
and this war or whether John L.
Lewis is running it.

Russian-Polish
Dispute Grows
More Serious
Soviet May Demand
Purge of Opponent's
Goverunient-in-Exile
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 28. - The bitter
Russian - Polish diplomatic breach
precipitated by Germany's "Smolensk
graveyard story" was as wide as ever
tonight after a day which brought
these developments:
1. Soviet publication of articles
which led observers to believe Russia
would demand a purge of the Polish
government-in-exile in London or
the creation of a rival regime on
Soviet soil.
2. A London Polish government
appeal "for the release" of all Fight-
ing Poles now in Russia, and a dec-
laration that the Poles "have no need
to defend themselves from any sug-
gestion (by Russia) of contact or un-
derstanding with Hitler."
The Poles also asked that Russia
release "tens of thousands of Polish
orphans and children," and families
of Polish fighting men, saying that
these people-many of whom are re-
garded by Russia as Soviet citizens-
"are particularly precious" to a fu-
ture reestablishment of Poland "in
view of the German mass slaughter"
in that country.
3. A Nazi-organized "medical mis-
sion which will conduct an "inquest"
at Katyn Forest near Smolensk
where the Germans say 10,000 Polish
officers were murdered and buried
by the Russians.
Turn to Page 2, Col. 6
Technic To Go
Ondale Today
April issue of the Michigan Tech-
nic, featuring the life, study and lei-
sure activities of service men on
campus, will go on sale at 10 a.m.
today above the arch and in front of
the secretary's office in the West
Engineering Building, and in the
lobby of the East Engineering Build-
ing.
James V. Roughan, '44E, was an-
nounced last night as winner of the
professional ethics problem present-
ed in the March issue of the Technic.
The sixth in the series of problems
will be printed in this issue. The
deadline for solutions has been ex-

Inhabitants
Wiped Out
Along Coast
Morgenthau Receives
Cable from Chinese
Generalissimo; Calls
Incident Second Lidice
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, April 28.-Jap-
anese troops have slaughtered every
man, woman and child in the coastal
areas of China where American fly-
ers landed after bombing Tokyo, Sec-
retary Henry Morgenthau said to-
night.
Morgenthau said his information
was contained in a cablegram re-
ceived from Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-Shek. He read the message at
a gathering of war loan workers here.
Mentions Murder to Fliers
The Secretary of the Treasury
spoke of the horror with which the
nation a few days ago learned that
some.of the American fliers captured
by the Japanese had been executed.
"Now, with a deep sense of shock
and anger," he said, "I must bring
you further news. I have here a
cablegram which reached me this
morning. It comes' from Generalis-
simo Chiang KaiShe. Let me read
it to you:
"4fter they had been caught una-
wares by the falling of ",As erican
bombs on Tokyo, Japanese troops
-attacked the coastal areas of ,China.
where many of the American fliers
had landed. These Japanese tr oops
slaughtered every man, woman and
child in those areas-let me repeat-
these Japanese troops slaughtered
every man, woman and child in those
areas, reproducing on a wholesale
scale the horrors which the world
had seen at Lidice, but about which
people have been uninformed in
these instances.
"Enemy Has No Decency"
"The dastardly execution of these
American fliers, who were taken
prisoners of war, has made it clear
to all Americans that we face an
enemy who knows no codes of law
nor decency. The only language
which such an enemy understands is
that of the weapons of war, and in
the bond campaign which you are
pushing for the war effort our people
wish you all success."
Air Raid Warning
System To Be Tried
LANSING, April 28.-V?)-Michi-
gan's new air raid warning signal
system will receive its initial trial
in two tests next week, Capt. Donald
S. Leonard, State Defense Director,
announced today.
The first will be held in Kent
County the night of May 5, and the
second in seven southwestern coun-
ties - Wayne, Oakland, Macomb,
Monroe, Washtenaw, Genesee and
St. Clair-the night of May 7, Leo-
nard said.
'Drutids

'SEND A BOY TO THE FRESH AIR CAMP':

'I

Tag Day Drive

To Open Tomorrow

Students, faculty members and
soldiers will have a chance tomorrow
to send a boy to the University of
Michigan Fresh Air Camp by con-
tributing to the annual Tag Day
drive, which is being held for the
twenty-third consecutive year.
More than four hundred students
will be scattered on the campus and
in the downtown section to man
twenty-five posts from 8 a.m. till 4
p.m., Pete Wingate, '43, and Helen
Kressbach, '44, co-chairmen of the
drive, have indicated.
Two groups of girls will also be
placed in front of the East Quad
barracks between 4 p.m. and 6 p.m.
to receive contributions from the
soldiers.

difficult to serve." he added.
Not only does the camp serve as
a vacation center for young boys who
have had difficulty in adjusting to
their environments, but it is also
staffed by experts in the fields of
psychiatry, psychology and sociology
who can make a diagnosis of each
individual case and thus help the
boy work out some of his difficul-
ties.
The camp, which is located near
Pickney on Patterson Lake, offers
a unique opportunity to students who
are interested in being counselors for
the summer. All student counselors
will be furnished with room and
board by the University, and will
have a chance to earn credit in sev-

Twelve University professors who
are on the Fresh Air Camp commit-
tee include Prof. F. N. Menefee, engi-
neering, Dr. E.W. Blakeman, religi-
on, Prof. L. J. Carr, sociology, Mr. J.
K. Doherty, athletics, Dr. W. E. For-
sythe, medicine, Dr. G. A. May, medi-
cine. Also supporting the camp are
Prof. H. Y. McCluskey, education, Dr.
H. A. Townsley, medicine, Mr. H. P.
Wagner, accounting, Prof. L. J.
Young, forestry, Mr. Clark Tibbits,
sociology, and Prof. Robert C. Angell,
sociology.
The student central committee,
which will conduct the drive, include
the co-chairmen, Pete Wingate and
Helen Kressbach, Peggy Morgan, '45,
store collections, Gale Doyle, '44,
stringing tags. Virginia Rock. '44.

}
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Druids, sons of magic,
Foretellers of the future,
Judges-very knowing, wise-
The fires in the stonehenge
Are set alight,
With flames to heaven raised;
Look upon thy awenyds,
Called from out they might
court--
The uninformed who would seek
thy light.
Henceto the oak grove,
There to test
Their unworthiness.
With eyes to heaven raised,
Invoke a blessing from the skies,
Perpetuate thy heroic deeds--
Keep ever bright
Thy burning torch-
The glory and wisdom of knights
of old.
Stalwart DRUIDS, true and bold,
To the rock of DRUIDS have been

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