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April 27, 1943 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-04-27

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Showers and Thunderstorms

VOL. LIX No. 149 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 27, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Allies
UMW Asked
To Prevent
Mine Strike
WLB Acts To Stop
Spreading Withdrawal
Of Men from Work
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 26.- The
War Labor Board asked high offi-
cials of the United Mine Workers to-
night to halt work stoppages in
bituminous mines, but additional
walkouts occurred.
The board telegraphed appeals to
John L. Lewis, UMW president, and
other officers of the union asking
that walkouts at Pennsylvania mines
be halted and planned similar action
with respect to mines in other areas.
9,500 Idle
By mid-evening,' however, reports
from western Pennsylvania said that
about 9,500 men were idle, with 900
voting to return. At New York, where,
wage negotiations had been conduc-
ted, a source close to UMW officials
who requested his name not be used,
said he would "not be surprised if
sporadic strikes in the industry which
started last week began to spread
without any word from Lewis," add-
ing that Lewis had not forbidden
such action.
Lewis continued an unbroken si-
lence on the whole situation.
In addition to growing acuteness
in the situation in the Pennsylvania
fields, UMW unions in Illinois, In-
diana and Alabama had notified op-
erators that temporary agreements
to continue vork while the New York
negotiations were under way would
run out at the week-end and that;
work then would stop.
400,000 Involved
These outlying fields, while not
directly under the Appalachian con-
tract, have agreements virtuallyj
identical and running concurrently
with the Appalachian contract. The
total number of soft coal miners
affected by a general walkout is esti-
mated at 450,000 or more.
Lewis, who ignored a WLB request
to appear at a preliminary hearing,
on the wage dispute Saturday,'
snubbed the board a second time to-
day.

Hurl

Nazis

Injured Officer Endures
Jeep Ride to Hospital
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, April 26-Lieut.
Gen. Lesley J. McNair, who was
wounded last Friday at the Tunisian
front,'had to take athree-hour jeep
ride to a hospital with a shell splinter
lodged only a quarter of an inch from:
his brain, it was disclosed today.
The Commanding General of all
U. S. ground forces was watching
American troops advance in the
Northern sector against German''ft"f:°7":..:
forces defending the approaches to ' .
Mateur when an Axis shell exploded
near his forward observation post.s
Life-Saving Helmet
Fragments of the shell ripped into
his body and struck his head. One of i........ , : .
them pierced his helmet but lacked t f _
sufficient force to reach the brain. GEN. LESLEY McNAIR
The steel headgear was credited of-
ficially today with saving the Gener- admiring the green-painted head-
al's life. piece as it lay on a chair beside his
Although the area was under hospital cot.
heavy fire from Axis artillery andI Boyle said a four-inch shell frag-
mortars, General McNair then mentyslashed across the General's
walked down a hill to the jeep. After left shoulder and smashed the tip of
the three-hour ride, he underwent the collar bone. Another splinter,
an hour-long operation for removal about an inch and a half long pierced
of the shell fragments. He was re- his helmet and lodged against the
ported to be progressing favorably, base of the skull.
turn," the General told Associated Ne Es e
Press correspondent Harold V. Boyle, Near Escape

Snubs WLB

1
f
r
t

Cigarette Drive
Endls with $304
Of $500 Goal
Falling short of its announced $500
goal, "Share Your Smokes," the
Union-Daily drive aimed at sending
cigarettes to our fighting men over-
seas, collected $304, Erwin Larsen,
'45, its chairman, announced yester-
day.
Before the drive ended the fol-
lowing fraternities and sororities
joined the 100 per cent contribution
list: Phi Sigma Delta, Chi Omega,
Sorosis, Theta Chi, Alpha Gamma
Delta, Sigma'Phi Epsilon and Chi Psi.
The campus contribution, in ad-
dition to the extra packs contributed
by the tobacco company cooperating
in the drive for the specitl sale days
at the Union and the League comes
to a total of 6,098 packs.
As far as possible, Larsen said,
"those cigarettes which we have con-
tributed will be sent to Michigan men
in the armed forces abroad."
In place of the usual revenue tax
stamp, the packs we have given will
bear a label reading, "Good Luck,
Good Smoking, from the Michigan
Student body, University of Michi-
gan, Ann Arbor."
Packed in 50 carton packages, the
cigarettes will be turned over to Army
and Navy service units at ports of
embarkation and then shipped by
them to American fighting units all
over the world.
Jose Perdomo To Speak
On Colombian Folk Music
Jose Perdomo, Grad. L., of Colom-
bia, will speak on "Survey of Colom-
bian Folk-Music" at 8:30 p.m. today
in the Assembly Room of the Rack-
ham building in the sixth of a series
of lectures on Inter-Americanism'
sponsored by Latin-American Socie-
ty.
Perdomo, a graduate of the Na-
tional University Law School of Col-
ombia, is doing research work in In-
ter-American Law here under a Un-
iversity fellowship.

Another quarter of an inch and
the shell would have penetrated to
the brain and he would have been a
goner," said Col. Frank Y. Leaver at
the evacuation hospital where Mc-
Nair underwent the hour-long op-
eration.
(In Washington, the War Depart-
ment said the 59-year-old officer
would be incapacitated several weeks.
He is expected to leave the front
within the next day or two, it was
said, and will return home for fur-
ther treatment in the near future.)
U.S. Holdings
Go to Panama
Senate Action Cedes
Extensive Properties
WASHINGTON, April 26.-W)-
The Senate approved and sent to
the White House today legislation
ceding to Panama extensive United
States holdings in that country-an
action President Roosevelt described
as desirable to remove conditions
"which do not make for confidence
and friendship."
The measure, which Senator Nye
(Rep.-N. D.) protested should have
been in treaty form, turns over to
the Republic water and sewage sys-
tems and real estate holdings in the
cities of Colon and Panama, and
liquidates a $2,700,000 dept repre-
senting Panama's share in construc-
tion of the Chorrera-Rio Hato High-
way.
An identification resolution was
passed by the Senate at the last
session of Congress but for lack of a
quorum was not acted upon by the
House until it approved the new
measure April 13.
The Senate completed legislative
action by a 37 to 19 vote after shout-
ing down a motion by Nye to delay
action for two weeks until absent
senators could be present.
Chairman Connally (Dem.-Tex.)
of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, warning against "hagg-
ling in these critical times," declared:
"We've got to recognize Panama's
claims to these properties and her
willingness to grant us valuable
sites."

Back
Russia Halts-
Relations with
Exiled Polish
Charges Cooperation
With Nazi Propaganda
Against Soviet Actions
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, April 26-Soviet Russia
has broken off diplomatic relations
with the Polish government in exile,
accusing it of cooperating with Ger-
many in charging that the Soviet
Union was responsible for the deaths
of 10,000 Polish officers, it was an-
nounced officially today.
Tass, the Russian official news
agency, said Foreign Commissar
Vyacheslav Molotov handed the Pol-
ish ambassor, Tadeusz Romer, a note
here yesterday, denouncing the Pol-
ish government and charging it with
helping the Germans carry out a
"hostile campaign" against Russia
in connection with Germany's accu-
sation that the Russians murdered
Che Polish officers near Smolensk.
Relations Violated
Molotov's note, which said the re-
cent behavior of the Polish govern-
ment violated "all regulations and
standards of relations between two
Allied states," charged flatly that the
Germans had killed the Polish of-
ficers.
The territorial question also was
involved. The note charged that the
Poles, by falling in line with Nazi
propaganda, hoped to gain some ter-
ritorial concessions in Russia.
Friction has been rising for weeks
between the two governments and
on several occasions Russia has cau-
tioned the Polish government in Lon-
don.
Consult U. S., Great Britain
(Polish governmetoffices in Lon-
don were closed over the Easter holi-
day, and those officials reached in
the city said the government had not
yet received the statement. Diploma-
tic sources emphasized that the note
would be given the deepest consider-
ation, and some took it for granted
that the United States and Britain
would be consulted before any action
was taken or any reply made.
(British sources said the break
constituted a temporary success for
Nazi propaganda, which long has
been directed at splitting the United
Nations.
(These British cirles,who may not
be identified by name, said however
that the situation is not "impossible"
and held hope for eventual reconcili-
ation between the governments of
Russia and Poland.)
* ~* *
Nazis Pushed Back
South of Leningrad
LONDON, April 27 (Tuesday)-(P)
-Russian troops flung back a num-
erically superior German attack
force, annihilating about 800 of the
enemy, in a resurgence of activity
Monday on the northwestern front
south of Leningrad, Moscow an-
nounced today.
The Nazi thrust carried Soviet
forward elements back into a popu-
lated place, but an immediate coun-

terattack threw back the German
forces before they had time to con-
solidate their new position, said the
midnight war communique, recorded
here by the Soviet Monitor. About a
battalion of German infantry was
wiped out.

Yanks Fight In North Tunisia
0 0tSTATUTE MILES BZITE
CAPE "ms
SERRAT.FI CAPvl BON....
1Porto .CAPB
iFarina:
"Mateur
=K ededa* TUNIS
Tebourba
a4
- Mediez el Bab
Grombali
~oubelltat ~ '- , ..".eu
Aebkret El Kourzamm'e:
Bou Arada oBou
D ebib na Enfiavle
"SoukRobaa
-Ousse tia'
t SOUSSE
"Kairouan
i on e ~-
Allied troops drove ahead in all three sectors of the Tunisian front,
posing serious threats to the enemy's defenses. East of Goubellat
(center) the Germans have thrown all available tanks into the fray
with unsuccessful results. Advance forces of the Second Army Corps
have advanced to a position only 10 miles southwest of Mateur. Allied
infantry seized the fortified hill of Sidi Marrour, six miles east of Bou
Arada (beneath arrow).
Allied Troops in New Guinea
Aided by New Aerial Support

Germans Are
Endangered in
Central Area
Yanks Crush Axis
Defenses; Inflict
severe Losses
By WILLIAM KING
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, April 26.-Steadily
hacking down Axis defenses in hard
fighting, Allied forces have seized im-
portant heights on each of the three
main sectors of the Tunisian front,
and in the central area posed critical
threats of smashing through to the
Tunisian plain for a surge that
would crumple all the enemy's moun-
tain lines.
French troops drove to within
nearly three miles of Pont Du Fahs
on the southern front, and on the
central sector east of Goubellat, 30
miles from Tunis, First Army armor
was reported clashing in a finish
fight against all the tanks that the
German command could muster,
with heavy losses already inflicted
on the Germans.
Germans Fall Back
German troops fell back yesterday
before the American attack to the
north, with advanced elements of the
Second Army Corps. coming within
three miles east of Sidi N'Sir, and
only some 10 miles southwest of
Mateur, rail and highway junction
between Tunis and Bizerte.
The French striking at Pont Du
Fahs have advanced 121/2 miles in 36
hours of fighting, the French com-
munique said, and east of the Kebir
Dam have captured the strong post-
tion of Diebel Chirich.
Allied infantry seized the fortified
hill of Sidi Marrour, six miles east
of Bou Arada, and repelled enemy
counterattacks.
A military spokesman declared
there was "general improvement in
all our positions all along the line"
yesterday despite "very hard fighting
against very hard opposition."
Axis Shows Exhaustion
The Axis forces-which headquar-
ters announced today had lost 66,000
men killed, wounded and captured
between Jan. 1 and April 15-were
clinging desperately to their moun-
tain positions, and beginning to show
signs of exhaustion in the face of
the incessant Allied land and air at-
tack maintained for four days.
The Allied advance was eating into
their defenses at the rate of two to
three miles a day, and Allied spokes-
men said the Axis loss of strategic
hills overlooking the plain along
which the Pont Du Fahs-Tunis road
runs could have been avoided if they
had had reserves to throw into the
battle.

on

Three

By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, April 27 (Tuesday)--
Allied ground troops who hold ridge-
top positions overlooking the Japan-
ese-occupied village and airstrip of
Mubo, New Guinea, were given a
fresh burst of aerial support Monday
War Loan May
Surpass Goal
Two Million Excess
Seen by Treasury
WASHINGTON, April 26.- (R)-
The Treasury's $13,000,000,000 sec-
ond war loan moved into its final
week today with a momentum that
apparently will carry it at least $2,-
000,000,000 beyond its original goal.
Undersecretary of the Treasury
Daniel W. Bell announced subscrip-
tions totalled $12,328,000,000 Satur-
day night and were coming in at the
rate of about $300,000,000 a day.
On Wednesday, Thursday and Fri-
day the Treasury will throw open its
books to $2,000,000,000 in commercial
bank subscriptions to two per cent
bonds and an additional $200,000,000
in Treasury bills.
Thus on the basis of subscriptions
to date and the bank subscriptions
of which the Treasury is assured
later in the week, the second war
loan, greatest financing campaign in
history, will be substantially over-
subscribed.
Fire Causes Damage in
Kessel's Fashion Shop
A basement fire of undetermined
origin yesterday caused minor dam-
age in Kessel's Fashion Shop, 217 S.
Main Street.
Firemen had to break down the
doors at the rear of the building in
order to gain access to the fire. No
merchandise was burned, but there
was smoke damage.

by a formation of Boston attack
planes.
The raiders twice bombed and
strafed the area, which is on the
approaches to the vital Japanese
Huon Golf bases of Lae and Sala-
maua. Mubo is only 15 miles below
Salamaua.
The Bostons centered their attacks
upon a hill a mile and a quarter
northeast of Mubo where a small
force of Japanese is entrenched.
Due to extremely stormy weather,
lasting for several days, air activity
throughout the sector northeast of
Australia was on a small scale and
in the northwest was limited to rec-
onnaissance.
A Flying Fortress bombed and
strafed Gasmata, on the southern
tip of New Britain, destroying a wire-
less tower and a building.
The raider then strafed two other
New Britain posts, Ubili and Arawe.
A delayed report disclosed that a
single heavy bomber attacked the
airdrome at Fischhafen, on New Gui-
nea's Huon Peninsula, Sunday. The
pilots had icing trouble, a rare ex-
perience in the tropics.
One plane even reported encount-
ering a heavy snowstorm over the
New Guinea mountains.
Ground activity in General Doug-
las MacArthur's- command area has
been limited to patrol activity vir-
tually ever since the end of the Allied
conquest of the Papuan Peninsula.

Fronts

CLASS EXPOSURE:
French Play To Be Presented
Today Shows Corrupt Society

John L. Lewis, UMW president,
who had, paid no attention to the
WLB's summons to a hearing Sat-
urdaay, also ignored its recent re-
quest for assistance on an investi-
gating panel. Lewis calls WLB a
"court packed against labor."

DR. GOEBBELS' MACHINE PROVES SUCCESSFUL:

\ 3

Soviet-Polish Rupture Seen as Victory for Nazi Propaganda

"Le Monde ou l'on s'ennuie," a
comedy of manners by Edouard Pail-
leron will be given at 8:30 p.m. today
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre by
the French Club.
"The success of this comedy lies'
entirely in the description in highly
resounding words with little meaning
in themselves of a society whose cor-
ruptness and ambition are in part
responsible for the catastrophe which
has befallen France. In the happy
days when this was written one could
laugh at such a society; now, per-
haps, it will make one think," Robert
Berahya, Grad., who plays the part
of the suave professor, Bellac, in the:
play, said yesterday.
The audience is introduced to this
society in the first act through the
dialogue between the Sous-Prefet
Paul Raymond, played by Frank
MacLear, and his wife Jeanne, played
by Helene Sieg. Raymond wishes to
be a prefet and has come to this
salon to gain the favor of influential
people, especially Toulonier, the
"Secretaire General" played by War-
ren Shwader.
The position as head of the "jeune
ecole," now held by one Revel whose
death is eagerly awaited, is sought by

tesse de Ceran, played by Sally Levy,
is slightly disturbed at such a de-
parture from the literary alms of her
salonand at her son's preference for
Suzanne instead of the aristocratic
Lucy. But through the wit and
shrewdness of the Duchesse de Re-
ville, played by Constance Taber, all
ends well.
"Those who partake in a French
play have the advantage of receiving
a thorough training in French dic-
tion and natural intonation," Prof.
Charles E. Koella, director of the
play, said yesterday. "The more the
war approaches the continent, of
Europe, the more the French lang-
uage becomes an urgent necessity, as
it is the language best understood
and most used on the continent," he
continued.
Germans May Close All
Universities in Holland
LONDON, April 26.-- ()- Aneta,
the Netherlands News Agency, said
tonight that German authorities are
considering the permanent closing-of
virtually all universities in Holland
because more than 85 per cent of the

By GLENN BABB
Associated Press Correspondent
The rupture between Soviet Rus-
sia and the exiled Polish govern-
ment is a disturbing setback for
the United Nations. It must be
registered as an undeniable suc-
cess for Doctor Goebbels' propa-
ganda machine. It illustrates once
more the tragic snarls the United
Nations must untangle if their
cooperation is to last beyond the
destruction of their enemy number
one, Hitler.

postwar boundaries, the status of ing. It added that the Polish gov-
former Polish citizens in Russian ernment had never received a
territory and this issue of Polish satisfactory reply to its requests
prisoners taken by the Red army to Moscow for -information about
in 1939 when it marched into east- their fate and that it was asking
ern Poland to effect, in agree- the International Red Cross to
ment with Germany, the Fourth make an investigation.
Partition of Poland. Two weeks ago But the note which Foreign Com-
the Goebbels machine began ham- missar Molotov handed the Polish
mering at its story of the Katyn ambassador yesterday, declaring
graves. In brief it was that the that the Polish officers were mur-
Germans had discovered in the dered by the Germans themselves,
forest of Katyn, near Smolensk, made it clear that no such investi-
the graves of 10,000 Polish officres gation could be expected before the

Union has no intention of relin-
quishing the territory she obtained
in the 1939 partition of Poland,
This totalled 78,000 square miles,
with a population of 13,000,000,
approximately half of the Republic
of Poland as it existed from 1919
to 1939.
Except the small Vilna area,
which was allotted to Lithunia
when that former republic was ab-
sorbed into the Soviet Union in
1940, all this territory has been in-
corporated into White Russian

interested in maintaining unity
among the Allies for the job of de-
stroying Hitler and in ensuring
agreements after the war that will
guarantee peace and stability.
British, moreover, has commit-
ments to some of the eastern peo-
ples who hope for national rebirth
when this war is over. She can not
forget that it was to help Pioland
that she staked her existence in
the greatest of all wars.
In the Atlantic Charter the two-
English - speaking powers have

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