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April 23, 1943 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-04-23

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VOL. LI No. 146 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 23, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U.S.

o Blast Jap Cities Soon.. Doolittle

ERG To Go on ActiveDuty in June

D~oo littile PrepaIres 'Pre~sentI' for Japs

236 Deferred
Students Will
Receive Calls
Statement Is First To
Clarify Status of ERC
Still Attending School
A terse announcement from the
Sixth Service Command revealed
yesterday that the 236 men on cam-
pus inethe deferred class of the Army
Enlisted Reserve Corps would be
called to active duty two weeks after
the end of the present semester.
Complete plans are now being
drafted in Chicago to call the men
to duty from their homes. The Uni-
versity has been asked to forward
details of the closing of this semester
and the men affected will receive
their orders not later than June 15.
Of the 12,306 men in the ERC in
the area of the Sixth Service Com-
mand 8,790 have already been called
to duty. These men reported during
the month of March and were in
service by March 20.
400 Men Receive Orders
More than 400 University men were
ordered to duty. and have since been
placed in the service for which they
were best fitted.,
The deferred class of the ERC
comprises men in pre-medical, pre-
dental, and engineering studies and
was granted deferment in February
to permit the men to complete the
present semester.
This order is the first definite
Army statement on the status of the
deferred dlass. Previous announce-
ments failed to establish an exact
date of induction.
r. Burton Thuma, armed service
representative, advised men "to stay
near home after the term closes to
avoid delay in receiving their orders."
According to general Army an-
nouncements of the Specialized
Training Program, men in the re-
serve corps of sufficiently high cali-
ber would be selected to be sent back
to colleges and Universities for ad-
vanced training in their fields.
Special Training Offered
Any such selection would come af-
ter the regular Army basic training
course had been administered and
after the eligible men had success-
fully passed periodic screening tests.
Under the ASTP a meteorology
training unit, the 1694th service unit
and the 1697th service unit have
been established on campus for tech-
nical training.
The Army has indicated that it
would consider the choice of each
man concerning the school he wished
to be sent to, but did not make def-
inite assurances that these choices
would be followed.
Nazis Attack
Kuban Valley
LONDON, April 23 (Fri.)-(P)-So-
viet troops mowed down hundreds of
Germans still attacking their Kuban
River Valley lines above the enemy
bridgehead at Novorossisk in the
Caucasus, and the Red air force
made mass raids on Nazi military
formations and other targets, Mos-
cow announced earl today.
Three hundred Germans were
killed in attempting to take one hill-
top and hundreds also fell in another
sector, said the midnight communi-
que recorded by the Soviet Monitor.
The Soviet Baltic fleet's air force
attacking enemy ports in that area
was said to have caused serious dam-
age to installations, shut down 12

planes, and destroyed a patrol ship
and three troop landing craft.
The constant German attacks in
the Caucasus apparently were aimed
at retaining a foothold there for fu-
ture operations when the ground be-
comes firmer and at the same time
keep the Russians from employing
their full strength elsewhere on the
long front.
Destination Unknown As
'Old 98' Leaves Army Base

GOT A NICKEL?
'Share Your Smokes'
Drive Will End Today

The five-day "Share Your Smokes"
drive to send one million cigarettes
overseas will come to a grand climax
when collections from fraternities,
sororities, dormitories and league
houses roll into the Union Student
Offices.
League, Union and Daily staff
members will be stationed on campus
until noon today to receive last-
minute contributions.
Quad Contributes $125
Erwin Larsen, '45, chairman of the
drive, said reports had come from
Peter Ostafin, resident advisor of the
West Quad, indicating an approxi-
mate $125 total contribution from
Pay-As-You-Go
Discussion Is
Set for May 3
Conflict Along Party
Lines Threatens New
Tax Bill Before House
WASHINGTON, April 22 -(IP)-A
finish battle on pay-as-you-go taxa-
tion, including the modified RumI
plan to skip an income tax year, was
set today for Monday, May 3, and
the house decided to take an Easter
recess until that climactic date-af-
fording time for taxed tempers to
cool.
Members began leaving Washing-
ton in large numbers and many, no
doubt, will find among their home
people the answer to the question of
how they should cast their votes.
Another battle along party line
appeared inevitable with the leaders
on each side lined up in this manner:
Democrats-Behind a proposal to
apply the much softer 1941 rates and
exemptions to 1942 personal income.
This would erase the last year's tax
liabilities completely for about 7,000,-
000 persons and give others substan-
tial reductions. The overall tax
abatement would amount to approxi-
mately 50 per cent of the total 1942
personal income tax bill - in dollars
$5,000,000,000.
Republicans - Backing first of all
the modified Rum plan, as drawn
in a bill by Rep. Carlson (R-Kas.)
but if the skip-a-year proposition
fails, ready with an alternate pro-
posal to abate 75 per cent of last
year's taxes for most taxpayers.
Whatever bill is adopted, if any,
it probably will include a 20 per cent
withholding levy, effective July 1,
against the taxable portions of wages
and salaries.
Speaker Rayburn (D-Tex.) told
newspapermen a tax bill would be
brought to the floor under procedure
allowing the presentation of amend-
ments.
WLB Enters
Wage Fight
Accepts Jurisdiction
After Negotiations Fail
WASHINGTON, April 22.--(P)-
The War Labor Board accepted jur-
isdiction over the soft coal wage dis-
pute today, and promptly called a
hearing on it for 10 a.m. Saturday.
Asked to attend were Charles
O'Neill and Edward R. Burke, chair-
man of the Northern and Southern
Appalachian Operators Committees,
and John L. Lewis, president of the
United Mine Workers.
The initial hearing, the board ex-
plained, will be for the purpose of
receiving from the parties a sum-
mary statement of the issues in dis-

pute and of discussing "the proce-
dure and timing to be followed in
the presentation of the dispute to
the board."
Secretary of Labor Perkins had
epantifin h a sc toi the WIM arlier

the houses in the Quad. William
Wood, an assistant advisor, was
largely responsible for the collec-
tions, Ostafin said.
Already five houses are reported
making 100 per cent contributions.
These are Sigma Chi, Phi Delta The-
ta, Kappa Alpha Theta, Pi Beta Phi,
and Phi Gamma Delta.
Union members started yesterday
to pick up contributions from indi-
vidual houses. Total results of the
drive will be available tomorrow, Lar-
sen indicated.
Shipped Without Cost
Every nickel received from the
drive will be used to purchase one
package of cigarettes through the
cooperation of a tobacco company
agreeing to relinquish its profits.
These cigarettes will be cartoned in
50-package lots and turned over to
Army and Navy service departments
at ports of embarkation. The service
departments will send the cartons
to American fighters abroad with
munitions shipments without cost.
A red, white and blue seal replac-
ing the usual revenue stamp, in-
scribed "Good Luck, Good Smoking
from the University of Michigan
Student Body, University of Michi-
gan, Ann Arbor", will give the cigar-
ettes a special campus designation.
Ex-Governor
Dickinson Dies
At Charlotte
Death Follows Heart
Attack; Services Are
Scheduled Tomorrow
CHARLOTTE, April 22-(IP)-Luren
D. Dickinson, 84, former Governor of
Michigan whose life-long battle
against sin, liquor and "high life"
had made him a nationally known
figure, died today at his Center Eaton
farm home just a few miles outside
this city, the victim of a heart at-
tack.
He had collapsed Wednesday morn-
ing, and was only semi-conscious to
the end. In his more lucid moments
apparently was unaware of the grav-
ity of his condition, said Dr. H. Allen
Moyer, his personal physician and
state health commissioner.
Blood Clot Caused Collapse
Dickinson had been in bed nursing
a strained back since his 84th birth-
day one week ago, when the collapse
occurred, caused, Dr. Moyer said, by
a blood clot in an artery near the
heart,
An old friend, Mrs. Bernice Curtis,
a neighbor of the Dickinsons for
many years, and Mrs. Marie Snow,
his nurse, and Miss Della Patterson,
the child of an adopted daughter
whom Dickinson affectionately called
"my granddaughter," were with him
at the end.
They reported he apparently suf-
fered no pain in his last moments
and simply ceased to breathe. Dr.
Moyer said Dickinson was dead when
he was recalled to the home, about
15 minutes after he had made a
noon examination of his patient.
The funeral of Dickinson, first man
to attain the governorship of Mich-
igan by succession at the death of
an elected governor, will be held Sat-
urday from the Lawrence Avenue
Methodist Church of Charlotte.
Wylie To Give Rites
His body will lie in state at the
church from 11 a.m.toethe hour of
the funeral, 4 p.m. The Rev. A. W.
Wylie, Pastor of Dickinson's Center
Eaton Methodist Church, where the
aged former governor had served as
ao Sunday School teacher from

young manhood until he was 80, will
preach the funeral sermon.
Assisting him in the service will be
the Rev. A. L. Wagley, Pastor of the
Hickory Corners Methodist Church,
who preached the funeral sermon for
Mrs. Dickinson in 1940, and the Rev.

BtiItish Forces
Hammer Axis
South of Tunis
Infantry Uses Bayonets,
Grenades To Clean Out
Enemy's Gun Stations
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, April 22.-(P)-
British Eighth Army infantry, using
bayonets and grenades, smashed into
Axis mountain nests south of Tunis
today in an unhalted advance after
the first army crushed a diversion-
ary blow west of the capital by de-
stroying 27 tanks and capturing 500
elite German troops.
Fighting Is Hand-to-Hand
The Eighth Army was reported to
have gained three miles north and
west of Enfidaville since the offen-
sive began in that sector Monday
night, and a spokesman said violent
fighting, much of it hand-to-hand,
raged all day.
A delayed dispatch from Noland
Norgaard, an AssociatedPress cor-
respondent at the front, said the
British yesterday seized Takrouna,
three miles northwest of Enfidaville,
except for mopping up operations,
and were pushing into the salt mar.sh
area of Sebkra Sidi Kralifa north of
Enfidaville.
British Blast Enemy Gunposts
Farther inland in the Djebel Garci
area the British, however, faced a
formidable task of cleaning out en-
emy gunposts on the sheer sides of
those hills, and infantrymen and
mules were carrying supplies into
country too difficult for motorized
transport.
In the north Lieut.-Gen K. A. N.
Anderson's First Army, including
parachute troops, withstood a power-
ful German counterattack aimed at
easing the pressure on Marshal Rom-
Turn to Page 6, Col. 3
Wheeler Objects
To Size of Army
Claims 18-Year-Olds
Enough Without Dads
WASHINGTON, April 22.-(AP)-
Senator Wheeler (Dem.-Mont.) con-
tended today the armed forces al-
ready contain more men than can be
sent abroad for the next two years.
He commented when the Senate
postponed action until next week on
his proposal to exempt fathers from
military induction for the remainder
of 1943.
Action was deferred at the request
of Senator Vandenberg, (Rep.-Mich.)
who said he wanted to await the re-
turn of Senator Revercomb (Rep.-
W. Va.) an opponent of the bill.
Wheeler told reporters that 73,000
of 100,000 youngsters reaching age
18 each month are "first class fight-
ing material" and constituted "ample
replacements" for the armed forces
"without the necessity for drafting
fathers."
"The papers report that we had
an army of 6,500,000 men on April
15 and the most we can get abroad
in all this year is 2,700,000," Wheeler
said."

Attaching a Japanese medal to a 500-nound bomb which soon after
was dropped on Tokyo, Maj.-Gen. James Doolittle (right) prepares for
the famed April 18, 1942, raid from "Shangri-La," now revealed to
have been the U.S.S. Hornet, 20,000-ton aircraft carrier. (Associated
Press photo from U.S. Navy.)

Lone Fortress
Fights Off Four
Jap Attackers
Enemy Planes Continue
To Increase in Area
Northeast of Australia
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, April 23. (Friday)-I
(A)-A Flying Fortress over Kaviengt
New Ireland, fought off four Japa-e
nese fighters yesterday in a battler
which extended over 150 miles, thet
High Command announced.
Japanese positions at Nassau Bay,
near Salamaua, New Guinea, werev
heavily bombed and strafed in an-r
other aerial action. .
The Kavieng incident was the sec-
ond in as many days to indicate in-r
creased Japanese opposition in the
air in the sector northeast of Aus-
tralia. Yesterday's communique toldt
of a single Fortress' battle with zeros
near Rabaul, New Britain, in whicht
the Allied plane shot down two oft
the interceptors.f
Today's noon communique said
succinctly of the Kavieng action:
"One of our heavy units on recon-
naissance was intercepted by four
enemy fighters and fought off the
enemy in a running engagement
which lasted forn150nmiles."
India Rule No.26
Declared Inval i
NEW DELHI, April 22.-(P)-The
defense of India rule No. 26 under
which more than 8,000 All-India
Congress leaders, including Mohan-
das K. Gandhi and Pandit Jawaharla
Nehru, were imprisoned without
trial and have been held since last
Sept. 8, was declared invalid today
in a judgment read in New Delhi
federal court.
The court held that the rule "went
beyond the powers which the legis-
lature though fit confer on the cen-
tral government."
It caused considerable flurry and
embarrassment among government
circles but while Gandhi and his col-
leagues now stand illegally arrested
they are still in jail tonight.

OPA Schedule
Will Cut Prices
On Most Poultry
Revised Price Lists
Designed To Wipe Out
Chicken Black Market
WASHINGTON, April 22.-()-
The OPA promised "substantial sav-
ings" to the general public on chick-..
ens and other"poultry on the basis of
new price schedules put into effect
today.
Spokesman for the agency said
that although some of the new prices
were higher and others lower than
recent ceilings, "on the average the
public can expect substantial savings
in comparison with actual prices paid
recently, since many of the prices
were illegal."
Primary purpose of the revision is
to "smash the black market in poul-
try," OPA said, and for this reason
the new schedule provides a formula
for determining exact maximum le-
gal prices which farmers can charge
in selling poultry to wholesalers and
others. These prices will determine
wholesale and retail prices, since
they are, under OPA regulations,
fixed on specific percentages above
cost.
The price-fixing experts of OPA
said that "black market" activities
had flourished to a large extent be-
cause of confusion under the old
price rules over farm prices, which
had been figured not on cost at the
farm but on costs when delivered to
a dealer many miles away, and vary-
ing according to the location of dif-
ferent customers of the same poultry
farm.
Canadian Ford
'lant Strikes
WINDSOR, Ontario, April 22,-(P)
-A strike closed down plant No. 2
of the Ford Motor Company of Can-
ada today and conferences between
union leaders and company officials
continued tonight with no indication
of an agreement.
Five thousand day shift workers
stopped work this morning in plant
2, largest of three Ford plants here,
and remained inside until 3:30 p.m.
Three thousand night workers, re-
porting at 4 p.m., found the power
Ishut of f.
President Roy England of Local
200 of the United Automobile Work-
ers of America (CIO) said the work
stoppage resulted from a company
order requiring one man to complete
an operation formerly done by two.
RAF Attacks Ships
In Continent Raids

Will Avenge
Execution of
Yank Fliers
Other Tokyo Raiders
Express Wish To Join
In Future Bombings
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, April 22.-Shock-
ed and angered by Japanese execu-
tion of some of the American airmen
he led against Japan last year, Maj.-
Gen. James H. Doolittle declared to-
day that "soon our bombers will be
there again-striking at the heart of
Japan until the empire crumbles and
they beg for mercy."
Bombs for Retaliation
General Doolittle said he and the
other American flyers here who
bombed Tokyo "want to be on the
next raid over Japan," and added
"we will drop each bomb in memory
of our murdered comrades.
"Our bombs will not be missing
their mark," he said grimly in com-
menting on President Roosevelt's an'-
nouncement of Japan's executions.
A typical comment of the others
who bombed Japan was that of Capt.
Howard A. Sessler of Arlington,
Mass., who said: "The day will come
when these atrocities will be avenged
and I hope to be among the aveng-
ers."
Citizens Recognize Foe
Another, Maj. Rodney R. Wilder of
Taylor, Tex., said, "Since I'm asked
what I think of the fate of my bud-
dies, all I can say is that now the
people of the United States should
realize the nature of our foes And
should dedicate themselves to even
greater efforts to support the war
aims of our government."
General Doolittle said:
"After the first feeling of regret
that such wanton barbarity could
still exist in the civilized world I
could only feel a deep loathing and
resentment toward the war leaders
who are responsible for the act.
"Since the Japanese government
has officially communicated the fact
of the execution to our government
there must be a futile hope in the
perverted Japanese mind that the
American people can be intimidated
by such atrocities.
Turn to Page 6, Col. 4
Japs Promise
Warm Welcome
To Yank Raiders
By The Associated Press
Japanese propagandists *declare
American fliers who bomb Japan in
the future will be riding on "a one-
way ticket to hell," but the man who
did it once, Maj. Gen. James H.
Doolittle- and hopes to do it again-
-predicts that avenging Yankees
will batter the island empire time and
time again until it "crumbles and
they beg for mercy."
Stressing ominously that Japan
would "leave nothing undone" to
prevent future aerial attacks, the
latest English-language warning
from Tokyo said: "and by the way,
don't forget, America-make sure
that every flier that comes here has
a special pass to hell and rest as-
sured it's strictly a one-way ticket."
President Roosevetl's protest
against the execution of some of
Doolittle's men was countered by
Domei with the assertion that the

Japanese were perfectly justified in
severely punishing American fliers
who were found guilty of purposely
carrying out wanton attacks on in-
nocent civilians, hospitals and
schools."
4. *
Japanese Atrocities
Spur Bond Sales
WASHINGTON, April 22.-(R)-
Stirred by the Japanese executions
of captured American airmen, many
cities and states todfiy overshot their
quotas in the $13,000,000,000 Second
War Loan Campaign or upped their
goals.
New York announced that the Sec-

CODE ENFORCED:

Majestic Won't Reopen Till It
Meets Standards, Waite Says

"Regarding any possible re-open-
ing of the Majestic Theatre, I have
no comment other than that it cer-I
tainly must conform to the law be-
fore it can be re-opened," Alderman
John B. Waite, chairman of the Or-
dinance committee of the Ann Arbor
Town Cuncil, said in an interview
yesterday.
Alderman Waite, who is also Pro-
fessor of Law at the University,

and I believe that since he is a com-
petent man he intends to perform
his duty."
When asked what effect he
thought the influx of defense workers
into Ann Arbor might have on pres-
ent building standards, he answered,
"I see no reason why this should
cause any decrease in safety."
Waite said that the City Attorney.
had been asked to help the City In-

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