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April 22, 1943 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-04-22

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Li L

iRRrt

I1

Weather
Light Rain

VOL. LII No. 145

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 22, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Japs Execute,
Arnold Pleg

American
es 'Destruc

Tokyo]
tion 'in

Raiders;
Return

Enfidaville Is
Captured by
Eighth Army
Allies Take Axis
Positions; Storm
Takrouna Citadel
By WES GALLAGHER
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, April 21.- The
British Eighth Army has captured
the Axis coastal pivot of Enfidaville,
has swung five miles northwest to
storm the mountain citadel of Tak-
rouna, and also has gained two miles
in the Debel Garci area farther in-
land amid "very severe fighting," it
was reported tonight.
Eighth Army Scales Mountain
Striking along a 10-mile front af-<
ter a tremendous artillery barrage,
Eighth Army infantrymen armed
with knives for close-quarter fight-
ing, scaled the enemy's mountain
positions at some points only5 miles
south of Tunis, while the British
First Army gained slightly in the
Medjez-El-Bab sector 35 miles west
of the Tunisian capital.
The Morocco radio- sometimes
premature in its announcements-
said tonight, in a broadcast recorded
by the Associated Press, that the
Diebel Garci, 10 miles inland from
the coast, had been captured after a
final 90-minute assault.)
Allies Capture Enfidaville
Allied Headquarters announced the
capture of Enfidavile, 50 miles below
Tunis, and said "all initial objec-
tives" were captured yesterday after
fierce fighting which began with
Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's
tremendous atillery barrage Mon-
day night.
Turn to Page 6, Col. 5
Cigarette Drive
To Make Final
Push Tomorrow
Larsen Reports Hearty
Cooperation from All
Fraternities, Sororities
A final push in the Union-Daily
sponsored "Share Your Smokes"I
drive will be made today and tomor-I
row by members of the Union,
League, and Daily staffs to meet the
$500-one million cigarettes-goal.t
The staff members will be sta-
tioned on the diagonal, in the engin-
eering arch, and University Hall with
special containers to receive contri-
butions which will buy cigarettes for
American fighters abroad.
Through the cooperation of a to-
bacco company each five cent con-
tribution will send one pack of cig-
arettes overseas. The cigarettes will
have a special campus designation
with a seal replacing the usual reve-'
nue stamp inscribed "Good Luck,
Good Smoking from the University
of Michigan Student Body, Univer-
sity of Michigan, Ann Arbor."
The cigarettes which our contri-
butions buy will be packed in 50
package lots by the cigarette com-
pany and turned over to Army and
Turn to Page 6, Col. 3
Allies Lose 12,000,000
0 9.
Tons Shipping in '42,
Committee Reports

WASHINGTON, April 21.-(P)'--
The Truman Committee disclosed to-
day that approximately 12,000,000
tons of Allied shipping were sunk
last year-more than the total ton-
nage built in 1942 by the United
States and Great Britain combined.
Calling the losses "heavy but not
disastrous," the special Senate unit
investigating war production prob-
lems reported losses were reduced in
the latter months of the year, and
declared confidently:
"The submarine menace can and
wil hi-t ffetivplvi met."

Tokyo Raider

Takes

Off from 'Shangri-La'

Nippon Withholds
xact Number of
Prisoners Killed
Air Commander Asks Redoubled Work
To Retaliate for This Criminal Offense;
Says Attacks on Japan Will Not Stop
By WILLIAM T. PEACOCK
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, April 21.- General Henry H. Arnold pledged the Army
Air Forces tonight to the utter destruction of Japan's "inhuman war lords"
in vengeance for the execution of American fliers captured after last year's
raid on Tokyo.
"We must not rest-we must redouble our efforts," the air forces com-
mander said in a message to all his personnel a few hours after President
Roosevelt disclosed the Japanese had acknowledged putting to death some
of the eight Americans-they did not say how many-and were treating
______ other captured fliers as criminals,

Blasts Japs

Off to the Land of the Rising
Army bomber leaves "Shangri-La",
deck Qf the aircraft carrier U.S.S.

Sun, a North American B-25 U.S. Tokyo under Maj.-Gen. James Doolittle on April 18, 1942. (Picture
revealed April 20 to have been the from U.S. Navy.)
Hornet, for the historic raid upon

Local Cafes To
Be Investigated
Some May Get 'Out
Of Bounds' Listing
A four-man committee will begin
an investigation next week of Ann
Arbor restaurants to determine a
possible Army and Navy 'out of
bounds' listing Dr. John A. Wessing-
er city health officer said last night.
A statement by an Army represent-
ative Monday night that conditions
are not up to required standards
necessitated the check-up. Major
Dan J. Bulmer, chief medical offi-
cer for Army forces on campus, said
last night that he 'had no comment
to make on the situation.'
The committee will consist of Dr.
Wessinger; Major Bulmer; Harold
J. Barnum, City Dairy Inspector and
Director of Food Sanitation; and
Melbourne Murphy, Sanitarian for
the University Health Service.
In order to forestall the 'out of
bounds' ruling the Ann Arbor city
council last Monday night took steps
to extend the sanitary licensing of
eating places from May 1 to June 30.1
The city health department has
been without a sanitary inspector
since Franklin Fiske was called to
duty with the U. S. Public Health
Service early in March.

FDR, Camacho Close
Historic Conference
fy The Associated Press public address system that carried
CORPUS CHRISTI, Tex., April 21. to all parts of the station.
--The Presidents of the United "I am glad that the cadets are
States and Mexico said farewells to- hearing what I have to say," he as-
day to their precedent-breaking con- serted, "because I want to tell you
I regard this as one of the greatest
ference after President Avila Cama- American historical meetings.
cho had been welcomed at the vast "I think you will remember it just
naval air training center here and as long as you live, for we are re-
President Roosevelt had called the ceiving on American soil the Presi-
occasion "one of the great American dent of one of cur Sister Republics."
historical meetings." Mexican Cadets Present
The President of Mexico and Mr. He said he was happy to greet
Roosevelt inspected the multitudi- Avila Camacho at the training center
nous activities at thebbusy training because a large number of Mexican
station, and saw abrilliant aerial cadets are receiving flying insruc-
display by a formation of Catalina tion there, along with other Ameri-
patrol boats and a squadron of dive can nations.
bombers. Finally they rode back to "From the point of view of conti-
the. railroad siding and said their nental defense and unity of purpose,"
farewells in Mr. Roosevelt's private the President asserted, "this kind of
car. military training means a wide and
Camacho Repays Visit long step forward in the relations of
President Avila Camacho was re- this hemisphere. Let the good work
paying promptly a visit to Monter- continue."
rey, Mexico, yesterday by the Ameri- Eat G. 1. Rations
can Chief Executive, which Mr. The Presidents dined on regular
Roosevelt described as "one of the flying cadet rations, with frankfur-
highlights in my life." ters, mashed potatoes and string
They ate with 250 cadet officers, beans as the main course. The pomp
and Mr. Roosevelt spoke briefly and and ceremony of the Monterrey visit
informally after themeal, through a was lacking.

WSSF Will Sell
Leaflets Today
Booklet Has Messages
From Ruthven and FDR
Climaxing the annual drive for the
World Student Service Fund, stu--
dents from sororities, fraternities, co-
operatives, dormitories, and church
guilds will sell pamphlets describing
the WSSF at seven campus posts be-
tween 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. today.
The goal for the University has
been placed at $2,000. and all money
received in this nation-wide drive is
cabled to central offices located at
Geneva, Switzerland, and Chungklng,
China. From there the money is
distributed among all the war-torn
areas of the world to help students
and professors.
The pamphlet which is being sold
today contains a letter from a stu-
dent who has received aid from the
WSSF, a statement from Mme. Chi-
ang Kai-Shek, a message from Pres.
Alexander G. Ruthven, and a com-
ment from Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The posts for the drive will be
located at the Engine Arch, the Li-
brary, Angell Hall, Natural Science
Building, the Medical School, the
Union and the League.

GEN. HENRY H. ARNOLD
... promises revenge.
Ruthven Backs Drive
"To the students of the free
countries of the world, whether
they are working in laboratory,
library, and classroom or are
fighting in theearmies of the
United Nations, belongs the com-
mon heritage of making acquain-
tance with the inspiring thoughts
of the past and present and of
cherishing the ideals of cuJture
and human brotherhood.
Conscious of this universal
community of interests, and op-
erating through committees in the
educational institutions of many
countries, the World Student Ser-
vice Fund is one of the means
which the student generation has
devised for cooperative action in
a very worthy cause. The means
which our own Committee is tak-
ing to make the Fund's purposes
better known locally are most
commendable."
Alexander G. Ruthven
President

denying them all rights as prisoners
of war.
More Tokyo Raids
Arnold made clear that the Jap-
anese inhumanity will not deter this
country from further raids on Tokyo,
underlining in his message the word
"first" in referring to last year's
bombing.
Saying the victims of the Japanese
died as heroes, Arnold told the Amer-
ican Airmen:
"Remember those comrades when
you get a zero in your sight-have
their sacrifice before you when you
line up your bombsight on a Japan-
ese base.
"Let your answer to their treat-
ment of your comrades be the de-
struction of the Japanese air force,
their lines of communication, and
the production centers which offer
them opportunity to continue such
atrocities."
'Criminal Barbarity'
President Roosevelt announced the
American government had solemnly
warned Tokyo that for this and any
future "acts of criminal barbarity"
just punishment will be administered
to the responsible Japanese officials.
"This recourse by our enemies to
frightfulness is barbarous," Mr.
Roosevelt said in a statement to the
American people. "The effort of the
JapaneserWaraLords to intimidate us
willutel fail. It will make the
Turn to Page 6, Col. 2Z
World News
'In Brief..
By The Associated Press
Allies Attack Jap Bases
ALLIED- HEADQUARTERS IN'
AUSTRALIA, April 22. (Thursday)
-Ten Japanese bases were attacked
in light raids by Allied bombers and
fighters yesterday, the High Com-
mand announced today.
For the second straight day, a sin-
gle Japanese raider attacked Morobe
to the southeast of Salamaua but
damage was negligible, the noon
communique said.
British Blast BalticPorts
LONDON, April 21.-Sweeping out
in force in perfect flying weather,
British bombers last night blasted
manufacturing and other war in-
stallations in the Baltic ports of Stet-
tin and Rostock, left Berlin alight
with fires, and ranged widely over
other sections of occupied Europe
today in one of the war's biggest air
assaults on German communications.
Nazi Thrusts Beaten Off
LONDON, April 22. (Thursday)-
Soviet troops aided by airmen who
"inflicted devastating losses" beat off
another series of mass German coun-
terattacks yesterday in the north-
western Caucasus near the enemy's

'M' GRID STAR KNIFES WAY TO VICTORY:
Harmon Relates Own Story of Plane Crash

(Editor's Note: Here is Lieut. Thomas
Harmon's own story of escape by para-
chute from a crashing U.S. Army plane
he was piloting over the Guiana jtini-
gles and of his subsequent wander-
ings until rescued. Two of his crew
were killed and the other three are
missing and are being sought by rescue
parties.
The story as released by the Antilles
Air Task Force of the United States
Army follows in Lieut. Harmon's own
words.)
By LIEUT. THOMAS HARMON
A. U.S. ARMY BASE IN DUTCH
GUIANA, April 21.-(/P)-I had
been flying at 8,000 feet for nearly
two hours through a heavy rain

the ship wouldn't come out of that
spiral.
The dive became steeper and the
bank increased.
I yelled at the crew to bail out
and away went Wolf (Second
Lieut. Edwin J. Wolf of Philadel-
phia), then Wieting (Second Lieut.
Frederick 0. Wieting, Lansing,
Mich.,) and I think Co-Staff Sergt.
Bernard R. Coss, Mendota, Ill.)
got out too.
I couldn't see the others, but
just then the ship snapped into a
left-hand spin. All the instru-
ments went crazy, the altimeter
read 1,500 feet so I went out of

but I salvaged a pair of pants, some
shoes, a parachute, a jungle kit
which was smashed but still good,
and a few beat up cans of water.
I had a bolo knife from the kit and
I found a pistol. I also found my
cigarette lighter and it still seemed
to be working.
I put my trousers on over my
flying suit, tied my other things
tip in a bundle and then started
off due east towards the coast, us-
ing a compass from the jungle kit.
The jungle was terrible. Thick
undergrowth and no trails.
The country was hilly and every
little valley was swampy. I had to

The next day I started out again
after eating a couple of small choc-
olate bars from my jungle kit. All
my drinking water had leaked out
of battered cans during the night
and from then on I had to drink
water from the swamps.
There were a couple of streams
to follow but they turned south so
I went on east. The jungle was
full of lizards and birds and I saw
a few big crocodiles but no other
animals.
That night I heard an animal
that sounded like a dog barking
and I hoped he would lead me to
some natives, but he disappeared.

and swimming along until finally
I saw smoke and found two native
huts down along the edge of the
swamp.
The natives didn't speak Eng-
lish, but finally they understood
that I was an aviator. They had a
dugout canoe, and rowed me to a
village where there was some sort
of an official who spoke a little
English.
He gave me one of his uniforms
and we finally got away in a little
out-rigger canoe about two in the
morning. Eventually we landed
and went down a small path which
finally wound up at the base of

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