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April 09, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-04-09

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Weather
Warmer

Jr

4ft.

4ait t

VOL LIII No. 134 ANN ARBOR, MICPGAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 9, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Roosevelt

Freezes

Prices

To

Control

Inflation

Conference
On PostwWar
OpensTonight
Slosson Will Speak;
Four Panels To Be
Held Tomlorrow
Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the
history department will open the
semi-annual Post-War Conference
sponsored by the Post-War Council
today and tomorrow with a lecture
on "Internation Government" at 8
p.m. today in the Rackham Auditori-
um.
The conference will continue with
four panel discussions held simultan-
eously at 1:30 p.m. tomorrow at the
Union. The predominating student
opinion in each group discussion will
be summarized in the form of a reso-
lution. There will be no charge for
either the lecture or the group 'dis-
cussioi.s.
Fuller To Speak
Topic of one of the panels will be
"Global-education" discussed by Prof.
Richard C. Fuller of the sociology de-
partment, Prof. Claude Eggertsen of
the education school, Dr. Edward W.
Blakeman, Counselor in Religious Ed-
ucation, Prof. Mentor L. Williams of
the English department and Henry
Curtis of Ann Arbor. It will take
place in Room 304 of the Union. with
Marvin Borman ,'44, acting as stu-
dent chairman.
A panel on "The Principles of
Boundary Determination" will be
led by Prof. Slosson,Max Dresden of
the Physics department. Dr. Jan
Hostie, a former professor of political
science at the University, Dr. Hel-
mut G. Callis of the economics de-
partment, and Prof. Stanley D.
Dodge of the geography department
m Rooin 305 with Bill Muehl, '43L,
acting as student chairman.
Dorr Will Speak
Prof. Harold M. Door of the politi-
cal science department, Prof. Clark
Dickinson of the economics depart-
nent, and Prof. John F. Shepard of
the psychology department will dis-
-cuss "The Constitutional Form of a
Proposed International Government"
in Room 318, with Harold Sokwitne
as student chairman.
"Objectives and Measures of In-
ternational Control" will be discussed
by Prof. Harold J. McFarlan of the
geodesy and surveying department,
Prof. Lionel H. Laing of the political
science department and Albert K.
Stevens of the English department
in Room 316. Student chairman will
be Hobart Taylor, '43L.
1Ban on Military
Men in Polities
Is Protested
Vandenberg Shocked;
Stimson Denies Rule
IS Againsti MacArthur
WASHINGTON, April 8. -(A)-
Senator Vandenberg (Rep.-Mich.)
warned the War Department today
not to try to stop any man from
becoming President merely because
he is serving with the military forces,
while Secretary Stimson flatly denied
that the Department's ban on politi-
calactivity was aimed at General
Douglas MacArthur or any other
specific person.
Vandenberg told the Senate e was

"completely shocked" by the regula-
tions preventing military personnel
from seeking or accepting election to
any public office not held by them
when they entered active military ser-
vice, or accepting reelection without
prior approval of the War Depart-
ment.
Declaring that the order "nullifies
the fundamental rights of American
citizenship" and tends to "militarize
the processes of American democ-
racy," Vandenberg told the Senate:
"We are not yet totally at the mer-
cy of our self-serving overlords. If a
great American emerges, for example,
as the next most eligible President of
the United States, the War Depart-
ment can not stop him just because
he happens to be a 'member of the
military forces on active duty'-and

Reopening of Majestic

Temvorarilv Stalled Job Changes,

A

Allies Approach Base for Raids on Italy
Vichy WITZ. GERMANY
FRANCE T0e
0000 ena ... .. YUGOSLAVIA
.rse.. ..Touton:::.40O-
ITALY
SAI R D I.N..A.-.r.
A..... . '-
Gahes
A LG R Mediterranean Sea
7ALGEIA~/T UN ISIA /
RSSr
Tr ,pobsSrrte
The British Eighth Army has joined forces with the Americans In
the drive for Tunis. This map shows the distances to various points on
the Continent which are the objects of bombings by the Allies. Such
attacks have already been initiated from bases at Tripoli and Algiers.
::C0 0 i

Regents Accept
Gifts, Reduce
Transcript Fee
$10 Charge Established
For 'U' High Students
For Summer Course
Announcing acceptance of gifts
totaling $40,296.23 for the University,
the Board of Regents conducted their
regular monthly meeting here yes-
terday, transacting routine business.
The Board voted to reduce the fee
for transcripts of students' records
issued directly to the student con-
cerned from one dollar to fifty cents.
The University makes no charge for
transcripts for students who enter
the armed services and other gov-
ernment agencies.
In accordance with the previously
adopted policy of accelerated aca-
demic programs, a ten dollar fee for
University High School students
wishing to accelerate their high
school studies in a ten-week summer
course was established.
Gifts Accepted
Among the gifts accepted for the
University are the following:
A grant of $25,500 from the U.S.
Public Health Service, through the
State Health Department for in-
struction in public health.
From the Upjohn Co. .of Kalama-
zoo $2,400 for renewal of the Upjohn
Fellowship in Clinical Research;
from the Council of Social Agencies
in Detroit, $1,250 for the Community
Fund of Detroit Scholarships.
From Mr. James B. Nelson of Indi-
anapolis, Ind. $1,231.23 for the James
B. and Grace J. Nelson endowment
for teaching philosophy No. 1.
Leaves Wanted
Leaves of absence were granted
and affirmed for the following fac-
ulty members:
Prof. I. L. Sharfman, chairman
economics department; Prof. Robert
S. Ford, economics department and
Director of the Bureau of Govern-
ment; Prof. Karl Litzenberg, Eng-
lish department and Director of Res-
idence Halls.
Prof. Albert H. Marckwards, Eng-
lish department; Prof. H. Harlan
Bloomer, speech department; James
T. Wilson, geology department; Prof.
Rudolph Gjelsness, Library Science.
William L. Cristanelli, zoology
technician; Wesley C. Darling, Uni-
versity High School; Prof. James M.
Plumer, Far Eastern Art; Dr. Cyrus
L. Lundell, curator of the University
Herbarium; Dr. W. Frank Blair, ver-
tebrate biology; Grace E. Potter,
assistant editor of scholarship pub-
lications.
Appointments Granted

British Drive
Gains Ground in
Central Tunisia
Eighth Army Nears
American Column in
Pursuit of Rommel
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, April 8.- The
British Eighth Army, gaining 15
miles in the coastal pursuit of Mar-
shal R.ommel's forces, was reported
tonight only 25 miles from a junc-
tion with another American column,
which was driving toward the sea in
the Maknassy-Mezzouna sector of
central Tunisia.
In the north Gen. K. A. N. Ander-
son's British First Army, striking out
northeastward in the Medjez-EI-Bab
region, reached a point within 27
airline miles of the Axis stronghold
of Tunis.
Field dispatches said all southern
Tunisia now is in Allied hands after
the British shattered the Wadi Akar-
it lines and made their first junction
with the Americans on the Gafsa-
Gabes road.
The next juncture of the British
with an American column was ex-
pected in the area between Mezzouna
and Graiba, more than 50 miles up
the coast from Gabes.
There were indications that ad-
vance Eighth Army troops already
had swept beyond Cekhira (La
Skhirra), a coastal settlement within
50 miles of Sfax.
Engineers May
Receive Insignia
'While Deferred
CLEVELAND, April 8.-()-The
Case School of Applied Science an-
nounced today a movement to issue
special insignia to draft-deferred spe-
cial engineering students who might
be embarrassed by simultaneous aca.
demic training of uniformed service
men on college campuses.
Declaring that sweater-and-slacks-
clad civilian students feel conspicu-
ous, William E. Wickenden, Case's
president, explained: "There are two
sides to the morale problem involved
One is of immediate concern. The
other may develop within a few
months.
"First, and already present at
many colleges, is the fact that the

But Council
May Frame
Revised Code
Proposal Would Set Up
Different Standards
For Theatres, Hotels
By MONROE FINK
Efforts to reopen the Majestic
Theatre by relaxing Ann Arbor's
building safetylawsnappared tempo-
rarily stalled last night when the
City Council voted to ta le two build-
ing code amendments while it inves-
tigates a new proposal separating
theatre from hotel ordinances.
Alderman Cecil Creal made the
new suggestion after Alderman John
B. Waite brought to the floor the
first of two proposed amendments
to the building code which provides
that all buildings now open should
be repaired to conform ith present
standards.
Majestic Could Open
The second proposed .amendment,
under which the Majestic could re-
open, would permit unused hotels
and auditoriums to reopen after re-
pairs permittedunder existing prior-
ity laws had been mad.
When the Council, considering the
first amendment, opened the floor
to public discussion, Alderman A. D.
Moore said that he had received
"many telephone calls" djring the
day about the laws. Roby Williams
of 1010 Lincoln expressed agreement
with Creal's proposal and pointed to
the danger of unsafe theatres.
Alderman Moore aslged whether
there was "any good reaon for lump-
ing hotels and amusenfidt- places o-
gether" and Alderman Waite said
that he believed that the 1937 ordi-
nance should be changed in con-
formance with Alderman Creal's pro-
posal.
inspections To Be Rushed
The Council also passed a proposal
by Alderman Waite permitting the
ordinance committee, of which he is
-hairman, to bring additional build-
ing code amendments before the
2ouncill if investigation disclosed a
need for them.
Earlier in the day, George H. San-
denburgh, city engineer, said that in-
3pection of Ann Arbor apartment
houses to determine whether they
meet building code provisions would
be quickened. Two men from the
city engineering department were in-
structed to assist William Maul-
betsch, building inspector, in his in-
vestigations.
Jap Bombers
AD *
Attack Shiping
Off Guadalcanal
Stimson Says Enemy
Air Strength Is Now
Greater in Pacific
WASHINGTON, April 8-(P)-The
Japanese, in their greatest aerial as-
sault against the Guadalcanal area
since last November, hurled almost
100 planes Wednesday against pre-
cious American shipping off that
battle-weary isle. American fighters,
rising to intercept, shot down 37 en-
emy planes and lost seven, the Navy
disclosed today-a ratio of one to
five.
Whether any bombers got through
to attack the ships was not made
known.

Speculation immediately rose on
whether the assault signaled the be-
ginning of big new Japanese moves
some have expected for wee ks. Not
since early February had the enemy
shown up in force near Guadalcanal.
Here's what happened to the force
of 50 Japanese bombers and 48 Zerc
s fighters escorting them, according tc
the Navy: 21 Zero fighters, 5 dive-
. bombers and 10 planes, "of types un-
reported," destroyed; another Japa-
v nese plane crashed.
United States planes lost were one
t Airacobra fighter and six Wildcal
e fighters. One American pilot was

jection. Two blank ballts were
also recorded.
The classes were in the fields of
German, physics, matiematics, phil-
osophy, English, and economics.
Eight of them, including two sections
of freshman English, are on the in-
troductory level.
The least objection came from the
67 philosophy students polled. In-
cluded among the 64 "no's" were 14
highly emphatic replies. In these
classes there was a strong prepon-
derance of girls. As in the others
polled, there were no Negroes pres-
ent.
Strong feeling was, also shown
by the other students questioned.
"No," read one answer, "I would
not object because, after all, they
are no different than we." An-
other asked, "If a man-has enough
brains to teach me, why should I
have any objections?"
The only strong "yes" statement
read: "About the timewe get Negro
itructors-so long, M1ichigan."
President Ruthven, Interviewed
in connection with yesterday's
Daily story, said: ."In considering
applications for teaching positions,
the University has never made dis-
tinctions of race, color, and creed,
and never will."
Dean Edward H. Kraus of the Lit-
erary College commented, "The gen-
Nila Magidoff
Will Describe
. ,
Russia at War
Russian-born Nil& Magidoff, eye-
witness of the battle of Moscow, will.
describe her experiences in war-torn
Russia at 8 p.m. Saturday in the
Rackham amphitheatre.
Mrs. Magidoff, wife of NBC's Mos-
cow correspondent, was living in that
city when the Germans invaded. As
representative of the fighting Rus-
sian women she immediately plunged
into war work, serving as an air raid
warden, building sand bag protec-
tions and guarding roof tops from in-I
cendiary bombs.
Forced to leave Russia because of
the regulation requiring the wives and
children of American correspondents
to be evacuated, she came to the
United States and joined the Russian
War Relief, Inc.
Mustering her limited command of
English, Mrs. Maginoff embarked on
a nation-wide speaking tour to raise
$6,000,000 for medical and emergency
aid to the Russian people.
"You cannot imagine how hard our
Russian women are working to win
this war," she says, "driving locomo-
tives, mining coal, piloting ambulance
planes . .. they cannot stand aside
from a war in which their own ele-
mentary rights as human beings are
threatened."
"I no longer fel alone in this coun-
try," she adds, "I think what most
impresses me about Americans is their
generosity, their kindliness, and their
friendliness."~

RESULTS OF DAILY POLL:
5Per Cent of Students
ResentNegro Instructors
By JIM CONANT
Only five per cent of literary school students would raise any objection
to a Negro instructor, a Daily poll indicated yesterday. At the same time
President Alexander G. Ruthven stated squarely that the University has
never made racial distinctions in considering applicants for teaching jobs.
Students in ten classes answered, by secret ballot, the question: "Would
you object to a Negro instructor?"
Out of 215 students questioned, only 11 answered "yes" while 202
stated that they wouAd have no ob- <I-

eral opinion is that Negroes can
serve to greater advantage in the
institutions of their own people. In
the case of a Negro applicant here,
sympathetic consideration would
naturally be given, involving his rec-
ord and ability."
Campus leaders expressed opinions
similar to those of the students
polled.
Dick Ford, president of the Un-
ion, said: "I feel that everyone
ought to have an equal break-
that's what we're fighting for. A
Negro instructor would certainly
be all right by me. Incidentally,
I've spent thirteen years in the
South."
"I believe," Mary June Hastreiter,
president of Panhellenic Society,
"thatdprofessors of the University of
Michigan would be chosen for their
intelligence, teaching ability, and
personal character, regardless of race
or creed."
Dave Matthews, captain of Michi-
gan's championship track team, said,
"I have no prejudices. When it
comes to eating, shows, entertain-
ment, there should be no barriers;
and that goes for education and
teaching, too. After all, education's
supposed to be a process of learning
to be broadminded and fair; and if
you can't do that, you might as well
stop being educated."
Doris Barr, Assembly head, com-
mented, "It seems to me that such
a University precedent is the anti-
thesis of the spirit that everyone
hopes will dominate the post-war
world."
Norton Norris, president of Con-
gress, said, "If a teacher of mine were
Turn to Page 2, Col. 4
RAF Bombs
Industrial Area
LONDON, April 9. (Friday)-(/P)--
After a three-day lull in heavy at-
tacks the RAF returned to the In-
dustrial Ruhr Valley of Germany last
night in what apparently was a
resumption of the Allies' big-scale
bombing of the Axis arsenals.
The scale of the attack onthe
Ruhr, where Essen and Duisburg
have been especially battered targets.
was not disclosed immediately, but
all RAF night attacks recently have
been heavy. The last large-scale raid
was the American blow at Antwerp
by daylight Monday. Sunday night
the RAF pounded Kiel.
Typhoons and Spitfires escorted
the swift bombers on the late day
attacks. Two fighters were lost in
the operations, the Air Ministry an-
nounced.

Utility Boosts
Are Limited
To C.(-ecki Purchasing
Power byLvIegislation
By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON. April 8--President
Rcosevelt tonight virtually froze all
prices and drastically tightened bar-
riers against wage increases in a
sweeping "hold - the - line order"
against inflation.
To back up his wage controls, he
authorized Manpower Commissioner
Paul V. McNutt to forbid anyone to
take a new job at higher pay unless
the change would aid the war pro-
gram. And, as a fourth step, he asked
that rate regulatory bodies refuse rate
increases to utilities and carriers and
reduce them where possible.
Calls on Congress
Yet these actions alone would not
suffice to halt inflation, Mr. Roose-
velt said, and called on Congress to
enact tax and savings legislation to
hold in check excess purchasing pow-
er.
"I am exerting every power I pos-
sess to preserve our stabilization pro-
gram." he said in a statement. "I am
sure the Congress will cooperate."
Mr. Roosevelt issued both an execu-
tive order and a statement in explan-
ation of it.
Ceilings on Fish
His order directed that the Price
Administrator and the Food Admin-
istrator take steps immediately to
place ceiling prices on all commodi-
ties affecting the cost of living, mean-
ing that fresh fish, all vegetables and
fruits and any other items now ex-
empt must be brought under price
controls.
(OPA officials said they interpret-
ed the Presideent's directive to mean
that ceilings are to be clamped im-
mediately on all farm prices, particu-
larly the basic produce such as live-
stock, wheat, cotton and tobacco.
Russians Seore
Hits on Nazis
Germans Beaten Back
Northwest of Izyumn
LONDON, April 9 (Friday)-(P-
Russian troops fighting bitter but
apparently localized tank and infan-
try battles in the Izyum sector of the
Donets Basin scored successes both
in offense and defense against the
Germans Thursday, the Soviet mid-
night communique said today.
On one unnamed sector of this
front the Russians attacked the en-
emy and "-occupied a favorable de-
fense line," said the communique re-
corded by the Soviet monitor.
South of Balakleya, which is 27
miles northwest of Izyum on the rail-
road from Kharkov, the Germans at-
tacked with an infantry battalion
supported by a dozen tanks, but were
beaten back, the Russians said.
These successes were reported after
Moscow dispatches, quoting the of-
[ ficial Soviet Army newspaper Red
Star, told of the Russians routing the
enemy from several positions.

MARCH FOR VICTORY:
Military Parade To Stimulate
Local Interest in Bond Drive

OPA Will Furnish Extra
Sugar for Home Canners
WASHINGTON, April 8-(AP)-OPA
ilecided today to make sugar avail-
able to home canners again this year
without ration coupon penalties after
arranging for an extra 200,000 tons
of sugar to be imported from Cuba.
The sugar deal involving extra
shipments was concluded this morn-
ing, and a few hours later top OPA
officials held a special conference
and authorized the home canning
sugar.

By MARGARET FRANK
Escorted by the powerful Liberator
bomber from the Willow Run plant a
special military parade will march
down Ann Arbor's streets Wednesday
afternoon to spark the local interest
in the national bond drive.
Colorful marching units from every
branch of the military groups on
campus will figure prominently in
the parade. All the ROTC, the
NROTC, as well as the soldiers in
the Army schools will parade.
Two marching bands, the Univers-
ity and the Ann Arbor band, will
provide the martial rhythms for

Corps, Home Guard and Civilian Air
patrol Cadets.
General chairman for the drive in
Washtenaw County, Warren F. Cook,
said that every military and defense
organization within Ann Arbor and
the University will be in the parade.
"The parade will symbolize local war
spirit, and it will dramatize the part
that War Bonds play in the winning
and financing of the war," he said.
Lieut.-Comm. Harry Kipke, ex-
football coach at Michigan, is ar-
ranging for a squadron of naval pur-
suit planes from Grosse Ile to add to
the display.
All types of Army mobile equipment
is coming from Fort Wayne in De-
troit.
Th-,0 nxq rio will1(tQyf AtD1~livro

,.j I

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