Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
REPRESKNTEO FOR NATIONI.L ADVERTIJIG t0Y
NationMal Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative.
420 MADiOoN AVE. NEW YORK. N.Y.
CHICAGO DOSTOR - L04ARGELES -SAN FRANCISCO
SITR& 11CHIGAT+- ATH
TRIMAT-e APMAt i
-.Ak' , . XIJL N JL~r A.*A.- M A A 4%WNFWAwi ASNARO 44 J I,
Blood and sand
4 - , . .
By DREW PEARSON
Bud Brimmer .'.
. . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
* . . .Associate Editor
. . . . Women's Editor,
. . . , . Columnist
- . . Local Advertising
. . . . . Circulation
. . . . . Service
. . . . . Contracts
* . . , Accounts
. . . . . Promotion
. . Classified Advertising
* Women's Business Manager
WASHINGTON-Thursday. Apri 1
$.-It won't be announced, and ma.':
even be denied, but for all practical
purposes we now have a new Secre-
tary of State.
Cordell Hull, over 70, having given
40 valiant and fruitful years to pub-!
lic service, gradually is stepping
Looking out of his window upon'
the magnolia trees, gorgeous in the
spring, Hull thinks back to the days
when he was a circuit judge in Ten-
nessee, then a member of Congress;
to the days when he helped pioneer
the first income tax law; to the fight
he made against the sky-high, disas-
trous tariffs of the Smoot-Hawley
days; and to his briefer career in the
Looking back over that vista,
Hull has thought many times he
might retire. But two chief things
have held him on. One is his am-
bition to see his trade treaties con-
tinued and renegotiated (this bill
is now pending in Congress). The
other is Mrs. Hull, who, nursing
his strength carefully, is deter-
mined that he not resign.
Hull frequently finds, however,
that he simply .does not have the
physical strength to carry on. The
daily grind is too much and he ab-
sents himself a part of each week.
Last year he was forced to spend a
total of six months away from Wash-
New Secretary of State I
As a result of these absences and
the fact that Mr. Hull moves more
slowly now, the President has found:
himself calling upon Undersecretary
Sumner Welles, who has nbw virtu-
ally become Secretary of State. More
and more frequently now. when the
President picks up the telephone he
calls Welles instead of Hull. He finds
that Welles has the facts at his fin-
gertips and works faster.
Hull's answers of late have grown
more vague. This is partly his cau-
tious temperament. partly age. Once
Hull was proud of the fact that he
was the only member of the cabinet
maintaining daily contact with the
press. But now sometimes a week
goes by without a press conference.
All of the recent speeches have
been made by Welles, which makes
the old gentleman a bit touchy. In
fact, he wondered why it was that
Welles rather than he was asked
to speak for the State Department
in the Herald-Tribune Forum. The
answer was that the President spe-
cifically requested Welles to do the
But the Secretary is determined to
stick it out until the last horn blows
-and he may be able to continue.
Wickard-In or Out?
Two men from Coon Rapids, Iowa,
met in Washington seven weeks ago
and made a bet about the demise of
Claude Wickard as a Cabinet officer.
Said A. E. "Red" Bowman; sugar
expert of the WPB: "Wickard is on
the skids; he won't last till the first
Said corn farmer Bob Garst, "I ad-
mit he's on the skids, but here's ten
dollars that says it will take longer
than May first.'
Last week, the two men met
again in Washington, just after
the President had stripped Wick-
ard of power and put Chester Da-'
vis in control.
"Here's your ten bucks," said Garq
"But Wickard isn't out yet," re
"Aw, hell," said Garst, "I won'
stand on a technicality."
Grace Tully, private secretary t
the President, calls her office Unior
Station. "If that door opens once
day," she says, "it opens a hundre(
times." . . . Says Major Ruth Street.
er, head of the Lady Marines, ",
wish we could serve overseas. FO
one thing, it would give us a chanci
to earn service bars, and they cer
tainly would brighten up the uni
form." . . . Washington is about t
see- the greatest string of visitinj
foreign Presidents in history. Begin.
ning May 5, and spaced one ever;
two weeks, they are: President Pen.
aranda of Bolivia, President Barcla*
of Liberia. President Morinigo o
Paraguay, andimost important o
all-Pesident Rios of Chile..
Sam Bledsoe, Number One aidJ
to Claude Wickard, has resigned be.
caused he didn't want to be caughi
in the cross-fire between Wicka
and Chester Davis . . - When news
men saw Finnish Minister Procopf
dashing into the State Depaxtmen'
the other day, they speculated o1
peace between FirAlafid and Russia
Real fact is, however, Procope wai
dropping in to pay an installmen
on the Finnish debt..
(Copyright, 1943,, United Features Synd.)i
NIGHT EDITOR: EVELYN PHILLIPS
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Stabilization Fund Plan
Favors United States
THE MAIN difficulty with Secretary of the
Treasury Morgenthau's proposal for a post-
war international currency-stabilization fund,
which he presented to Congress Tuesday, is the
fact that in its present form the other United
Nations won't accept it.
Vita dEcisions could be made only by an 80
per cent vote, the voting strength of the nations
to be determined by the amount each nation
contributed to the suggested five billion dollar
total fund. No government could command more
than 2 per cent of the total. However, according
to the present idea, the United States would con-
tribute two billion of the five billion dollar total,
the rest coming from 37 different countries.
Ameri a would command 25 per cent of the vot-
ing pcwer and thus could prevent the other na-
tions from controlling more than 75 per cent of
the total, although 80 per cent is needed for
The goal of this fund would be the stabiliza-
tion of currency rates of member countries to
prevent depreciation of currency because of
competition. The idea is excellent, but hoes
Morgenthau really believe that the rest of the
world will walk into an agreement which gives
the United States virtual financial control over
all international currency?
To mention only one nation which would never
enter such In agreement, Great Britain has not
yet reached the point where she will hand over
any part of her power to the United States.
Rather than that, she will adopt a counterpro-
posal, scheduled to be considered in the House of
Comr, ns very shortly.
America does not yet have her eyes open to all
the facts of -the present war and the coming
peage. The growing international opinion that
England is conducting the war and Russia fight-
ing it, while the United States sits by doing com-
paratively little but sending supplies, has not yet
come home to the American government.
If we expect any voice in the construction of
a post-war world, we have to get started on the
war. Any proposal, such as the currency-
stabilization fund, giving the United States
much more power than she deserves from the
part she has done in fighting this war, stands
so little chance of adoption by the rest of the
world that the mere suggestion is foolish.
Only one thing will give the United States even
a voie, much less power, in post-war planning.
It is stiil not too late to get started in the fighting
of this war to a degree equal to that of the other
United Nations. America's potential power is
such t1r at a concentrated effort should be easy,
but soon it will be too late. - Jane Farrant
Mexico Shows UP U.S.
By Accepting Loyalists
THE 2,300 Spanish Loyalists who have been held
for over two years in French concentration
camps in Africa have at last found an out.
The Mexican government's agreement last
week to accept them as soon as transportation
can be obtained shows an honestly progressive
foreign policy that makes our State Department
look like a backward child.
It vouid indeed be ironic if the ship carrying
these men who went to Spain from all over the
world to fight Fascism, should meet a United
op tea10e fit
SUPPOSE you're sitting in your nine o'clock,
and a new instructor walks in to take over
the class. Suppose he happens to be a Negro.
What would your reaction be?
I've been asking people that question the last
few days. Fellows in the dorms, kids around
The Daily, down at track practice, anywhere
there's a bull-session.
If you're like them, you'll gulp a few times
when you read the question. It will startle you,
and you won't say much for a couple of minutes.
Then you'll come to, and start to frame an
It will be a hesitant, "Gee, I dunno . . . at
first. You won't be quite sure of what you would
think, and you'll be even less sure of the reac-
tion of the fellow next to you.
Then you'll reflect on what you ask of a
teacher, anyway. Intelligence, an ability to
put the stuff over, a wisecrack now and then.
Nothing said about blonde hair, or color of
the skin. If you're like the people I've already
talked' to, you'll look up at that point and say,
"I don't know why not; if he's got what it
takes, it won't make any difference whether
he's colored or not."
T HENyour mind will go back to the fellow
next to you. Maybe he'd object; you never
know how people are about those things.,
So you'll look kind of worried, and say, "Aren't
you getting into pretty hot water? That kind
of question gets you into a lot of trouble; if
there aren't any Negro instructors, maybe the
University has good reason for not appointing
That was the attitude of a very good friend of
mine on the track squad. But it didn't last more
than five minutes; he asked me whether Har-
vard, for instance, had a Negro on the faculty.
I told him yes, and he thought the subject
through again. "I guess it probably would be
all right to have A Negro teaching, at that," was
his final conclusion.
Here's the point I'd like to make in this col-
umn. No one's trying to start a revolution; no
one's "attacking the Administration."
B ECAUSE appointing a Negro to the faculty
wouldn't be a revolution, or a radical innova-
tion, even. It would be just another indication
that Michigan is a great University.
Michigan has had Negro students for years;
you can't even get into Princeton, for instance,
if your skin is black. There is virtually no dis-
crimination on campus here; Negroes go to
Union dances, eat at the Union, live in the dorms.
That's the way it should be. Students, I think,
are proud that it is that way. They're glad that
the break you get here depends on what you've
got, not who you are.
Take track, or football. If a miler's got the
stuff, he'll run, whether he's poor or rich,
Negro or white. A coach who didn't pay off
strictly on ability wouldn't last more than a
week; in track, the stop watch talks.
In teaching, it should be the same way. If
you're like the fellows and girls I've talked to,
that will be your conclusion. And you'll hope
that the University faculty and administration
have enough confidence in you and the fellow
sitting next to you to put it into actual practice;
that they wouldn't turn down an applicant for a
teaching job because of his color.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
-- BySAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, April 8 (Thursday)- I have set
up the 'theory that every one of our actions must
be judged in the light of the coming offensive,
the second front.' If that is true, then we must
iecognize General de Gaulle formally and imme-
diately as the leader of the French people in
Secretary Hull has said he is not interested
in politics, he is interested in furthering the
shooting side of the war. All sides agree that
de Gaulle has the loyalty of the great majority
of the French-in-France. His voice is the best
voice for giving them instructions and com-
mands when the second front begins. If Mr.
Hull is not interested in politics, let him subor-
dinate his political objections to de Gaulle, for
the sake of the second front.
If Mr. Hull does not do this, he will be subor-
dinating the second front to his own kind of
With the approach of the French revolution,
the politics of the war and the shooting side of
the war become one and the same.
That is the kind of merger which makes his-
tory. If Mr. Hull insists on his absurd distine.
tion between polities and war, then let him go
the whle way and write a new history of the'
United States, distinguishing between the Con-
tinental Congress and Bunker Hill.
Where would he draw that wobbly and ridicu-
lous line? To say that "politics" is not important
is to say that people are not important. To*
further an attitude of contempt for."politics" is
to further an attitude of contempt for people.
"Politics" is only people in motion. Mr. Hull
seems to prefer them when they do not move.
But they are moving. When de Gaulle comes
to Africa, the French-in-France, in effect, come
to Africa with him. The moment they arrive,
the absurd scheme under which the reactionary
African tail has been wagging the French, dog
collapses and dies.
That is why this administration is compelled
to keep de Gaulle out of Africa and in London.
It is really keeping France out of Africa.
At a'moment when we are contemplating an
invasion of Europe to restore 'democracy to
France, this administration is keeping democratic
France from invading reactionary Africa.
The moment de Gaulle stands beside Giraud,
the disproportion between the leaders of all
France, and the leader of some of the French-
in-Africa becomes too obvious; the game is up;
the effort by some of our smaller minds to
build a "safe" and ultra-conservative-Fra ice,
modeling the mother on her colonies, flies up
So de Gaulle stays in London. But even that
is not enough. He must be denied his formal
right to speak for the Frenich-in-France. The
French people are decapitated, in effect, at the
very peak of their revolutionary impulse; de-
capitated so that they will remain silent during
the interesting operation of clapping a new head
And is it any excuse to say that this is done
innocently, that we are merely yielding to local
French pressures in Africa, then turning around
and applying them to France itself, magnified
a hundred times by our intercession?
THURSDAY, APRIL 8, 1943
VOL. MITI No. 133
All noticesfor the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding Its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
To Those Concerned:
In connection with recent publications
by the War Manpower Commission with
respect to requirement that men of draft
age shall either be in essential industry
or be subject to draft, I am advised by a
representative of the War Manpower Com-
mission that the University of Michigan
is classified by the Commission as an
essential industry. The following kinds
of positions are, however, stated to be
non-deferrable regardless of the general
activity in which they may be found:
Charmen and Cleaners; Dish Washers;
Elevator Operators (Passenger and Freight,
excluding industrial freight elevators
used in connection with production);
Gardeners; Greens Keepers; Grounds
Keepers; Messengers, Errand Boys, Office
Boys; Porters (other than those in rail-
road train service).
Shirley W. Smith
To Members of the University Council:
There will be a meeting of the University
Council, Monday, April 12, at 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheatre. Univer-
sity Senate Memberr are invited.
Report of the Advisory Committee on
the Bureau of Appointments and Occu-
pational Information-Ira M. Smith,
Report of Standing Committee on Plant
and Equipment-Francis D. Curtis, Chair-
Hospitalization Statistics-compiled by
H. P. wagner.
Remarks by: Professor L. M. Gram--
Housing; Professor M. L. Niehuss-Con-
tracts; Mr. Clark Tibbitts-War Board.
Group Hospitalization and surgical
Service: During the period from April 6
through April 17 the University Business
Office will accept new applications as
well as requests for changes in contracts
now in effect. These new applications
and changes will become effective May 5
with the first payroll deduction on May
31. Please be advised that after April 17
no new applications or changes can be
accepted until the month of October.
Dinner Meeting and Forum, sponsored
by the local chapter of the A.A.U.P., on
Friday, April 9, at 6:30 p.m. at the Union.
The subject will be "What the PeopleI
Expect of the University in the Post-war
Make reservations for the dinner by call-
ing Professor Christian wenger, 33 East
Hall, Tel. 578.
Forum starting about 7:30 will be open
to all members of the University staff.
Students who plan to enter one of the
following professional schools:, Medicine,
Law, Dental Surgery, Nursing, Business
Administration, Forestry and Conservation
at the beginning of the fall term on the
Combined Curriculum must file an appli-
cation for this Curriculum in the Office
of the Dean of the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, 1210 Angell Hall,
on or before April 20. After this date
applications will be accepted only upon
the presentation of a satisfactory excuse
fcr the delay and the payment of a fee
juniors and seniors majoring in chemis-
try, Preference will be given to those
needing financial assistance. Application
blanks may be obtained in Room 212,
Chemistry Building and, must be filed
not later thanl April 26.
School of Music Students expecting de-
grees in May must complete and return.
to the office of the School of Music not
later thp April 20 the applications for
such ctgrees" which were recently re-
ceived by mail. Individual records are
not complete until the completed blanks
are on file.
Mail is being held at the Iusiness Office
of the University for the following people:
Lelah Burkhart, Captain Robert Barr,
Mrs. Mary Boyd Dr. William' J. Clough,
Helen Cook, Private David L. Dexter, Mrs.
Betty Gatewood, Miss Shirley Goldberg,
Joseph Goodrich, Marcia Haisington, Rob-
ert Hague, Cpl. Edward Higgins, Private
Charles Hoag, v. F. Jakubik, Jane John-
scni, Arthur H. Joistad, Dr. Lemuel E.
Mayo, Jr..uJulia MeEwan, Captain Clark
Magill, Lt. J. R. Miller,'Dr. Leon R. Nonte,
Dr. Newell K.' Norton, J. Fred Patton,
Winston Riley, Corporal John P. Sheahan,
Professor Thwaites, Elsara Wallace.
Sophomnore women: Petitions for the
central committee Of your Junior Girls'
Project are due by 5:00 p.m. Monday,
April 12, in the Undergraduate Office of
the League. Interviewing will be held
Tuesday, April 13, through Friday, April
16, from 3:30 to 5:30 p.m. Sign up for
time of interview when you bring in your
petition, and bring eligibility card to the
Women blood donors, from now on, are
to report to the League Blood Donor Bank
for an appointment to donate blood.
Those between the ages of 18 and 21 must
bring parents' written consent. The next
dates for blood donation are April 9 and
10, Women's Athletic' Building.
Margaret Bell, M.D.
The Women's Personnel Committee of
the Inter-Cooperative Council announces
that there will be an Information: booth
In the lobby of the League for the pur-
pose of acquainting students with co-
operatives and taking applications for
University Lecture: Professor W. Carl
Rufus of the Department of Astronomy
will lecture on the subject, "Copernicus,
Polish Astronomer, 1473-1543" (illustrated)
in commemoration of the 400th annivers-
ary of the death of Copernicus, under the
auspices of the Department of Astronomy,
on Thursday, April 8, at 4:15 p.m. in Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. The public is invited.
Zoology Seminar will meet in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre at 7:30 'tonight. Report
by Fred R. Cagle on "The Growth of the
Slider Turtle (Pseudemys Scri ta .Ele-
ROTC Drill: Company 'D' will 'Fall In'
on Hoover Street today In front of the IM
Building with rifles. Cadets will wear
clothing suitable for field work. Officers
will be prepared to give instruction in
individual protective measure,-.
Physics 196: Class will not meet on
Friday. April 9.
E, F. Barker
faculties and advanced doctoral candidates
to attend the examination' and he nas
grant permission to those who for suffi
cient reason might wish' to be present.
C. S. Yoakun
Doctoral Examination for Robert A
Gregg; Chemistry; thesis: "The Synthesi
of Analogs of the Sex Hormones," will bt
held on Friday, April 9, in 309 Chemistry
at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, W. . Bachmann.
By action of the Executive Board, th
Chairman may Invite members of th
faculties and advanced doctoral candidate
to. attend the examination and he ma
grant permission to those who for suffi
clent reason might wish to be present.
C. $. Yoakum
Faculty Recital: Compositions of Bach,
Brahmns and Beethoven, will be heard to
night at 8:30 in the Assembly Hal of the
Rackham Building, at which time Thelma
Lewis, soprano, and John Kollen, pianist,
of the School of Music faculty, will pre-
sent a recital. In addition to the abov
works, the program will Include a grou
of English songs by Miss Lewis.
The general public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture and
Design: Drawings made by Pueblo Indian
children of the Art Department In the
Indian School at Albuquerque, New Mex
ico. Ground floor corridor cases, Archi.
tecture Building. Open daily 9 to 5 except
sunday through. .April 10. The public. is
The twentieth annual exhlbitiox of
work by artists of Ann Arbor and vicinity
is being presented by the Ann Arbor Art
AssociationrIn the Exhibition Galleries
of the Rackham Building, through April
23, daily, except Sunday; 2 to 5 after-
noons and 7 to 10 evenings. The pitbli
is cordially invited.
varsity Glee Club: All men requested to
be present at important rehearsal tonight
which will start promptly at 7:00. Those
men who cannot attend should call their
president at 3918 and lqave a message.
The regular Thursday evening recorded
program' in the Men's Lounge of the
Rackham Building tonight will be as fol-
Brahms: Symphony No. 4 in E minor.
Rachmaninoff: Concerto 'No. 2 in C
minor-Piano and Orchestra.
Michigan Sailing Club will meet tonight
at 7:30 In the Union (room 316).
Surgical Dressing Unit will be open this
afternoon from 1:00 until 5:00 in the
Game Room of the League. All women
Interested in helping the Ameridan Red
Cross by making surgical dressings are
urged to come.
Inter-Racial Association is sponsoring 4
seminar on "Can We Practice What We
Preach?" at 8 o'clock tonight at the Union.
Michigan Dames home nursing group
will meet tonight at 8 o'clock in North
Sociedad Hispanica will not meet this