9 AA U
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By D REW PIARSON
Marion Ford .
Edward J. Perlberg
Fred U. Ginsberg
Mary Lou Curran
Jane lndrerg .
. . . Managing Editor
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Associate Business Manager
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WASHINGTON- There was a
hot flareup between veteran Sena-
tor Tom Connally of Texas and
freshman Republican Senator Ho-
mer Ferguson of Michigan in a
closed door session on the appoint-
ment of James Allred to the 5th
Circuit Court of Appeals.
Until this meeting, Administra-
tionites had high hopes of con-
verting Ferguson to Allred's side.
which would have meant a 10'8
vote for the Texan's nomination.
Even Connally, a political skeptic,
thought the Michigan Republican
might forget politics and oppose
the efforts ofLouisiana's two sen-
ators to ditch Allred in favor of
Archie Higgins, a former Huey
However, Ferguson immediately
launched a violent political attack
on the President for naming "lame
ducks" to federal posts.
Apparently Ferguson was not
convinced by evidence produced
by Connally and others that All-
red had no understanding, direct
or indirect, with the President
that he would be reappointed to
the bench after stepping down
from the Federal District Court
-to oppose Texas Senator "Pap-
py" O'Daniel in the last cam-
paign. The Michigan Republi-
can has made a fetish of oppos-
ing the President on all major
appointments, and proved it on
"I'm against all these New Deal
lame ducks getting jobs from the
President after they have been
licked in an election," he stormed,
"I'm especially against playing
politics with the federal judiciary."
Connally lost patience after cit-
ing that Allred ha~d chalked up a
brilliant record on the federal dis-
trict bench in Texas-an indisput-
able fact. He decided to fight fire
Ferguson Played Safe
"If I recall correctly, the Sen-
ator from Michigan didn't re-
sign from the bench when he
decided to run against former
Senator Prentiss Brown of Mich-
igan in the last election," Con-
nally lashed out. "The new Sen-
ator is opposed to lame ducks
now, but he took good care to
protect himself at that time."
This agile dig brought hot flush-
es to the face of Ferguson.
"I resent the Senator's insinua-
tions," blurted Ferguson furiously.
"He can't tell me how to vote."
"I'm not trying to tell anyone
how to vote," countered Connally
smoothly. "If I have ruffled the
Senator's feelings by recalling
something relevant in his own rec-
ord, let me hasten to apologize."
At a subsequent meeting, when
Allred was voted on, Connally
revealed that-neither he nor the
late -Senator Morris Sheppard of
Te-as had been consulted by the
President about Allred's appoint-
ment to the district bench.
"Both Senator Sheppard and I
had different candidates at the
time," Connally said. "But I'm not
going to let that. stand in the way
of my support of Jim Allred now.
He has had a fine record and is
deserving of this higher appoint-
Note: Allred could have kept
his judgeship as Ferguson did. But
he decided it was only fair to step
down from the beach if he was
going to run for the Senate.
St. Peter vs. Ruml Plan
During the Ruml Plan debate,
Republican Representative Noah
Mason of Illinois argued, amid
some spirited heckling by Repre-
sentative Bob Doughton of North
Carolina, that pay-as-you-go tax
receipts would be a strong talking
point with Saint Peter. He ex-
"I will say to Saint Peter when
I reach the Pearly 'Gates: 'I have
brought with me a receipted tax
bill for every year that I was sup-
posed to pay taxes down below.
Unless You 'have got something
else against Mason you have just
got to open up. those pearly gates
and let me in.' What else could
Saint Peter do but let me in? What
could he say to me?"
"If he knew you were for the
Ruml Plan," Interrmpted fough-
ton, "he would say to you: 'De-
part from me ye worker of in-
iquity, for I know ye not.'"9
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Synd.)
NIGHT EDITOR: VIRGINIA ROCK Z;
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the viewps of the writers only. ,. . Te
'Patriotism' Mst Not
Replace Church Ideals
DOUBTLESS some grass-root preachers, as Jim
Conant pointed out last week, are sincere in
expounding their God of hate. At any rate, all
speak the same language: street parlance magni-
fied outlandishly. An example is furnishedin the
February 3,. 1943, issue of The Christian Conserv-
ator, the official organ of the Church of the
United Brethren in Christ, (Constitution of 1841),
which carries an article, "In Defense of War", by
Reverend L. V. Harrell of Grand Junction, Mich.
In it he says:
"Certain delusive contentions should be ex-
cluded from the minds of all candid thinkers ...
"Contention number one: 'War is wh9lesale
or mass murder'. Unreliable blabbers belch
cut this declaration without any attention
whatever to the difference between the blood-
spattered gangster criminals and the red-
blooded heroes who fight and die in defense of
true civilization. According to those cottontail
and copper-headed two-legged impossibilities,
our soldiers are all bloody murderers.
"Contention number two: 'Wr is hell' . . .
All that any of us have worth living for has
cost the blood, the red blood, and-not the
yellow blood-of thousands of battlefields
"One cannot be a soldier in battle and be a
true Christian'. Here again the opposite caus-
es ... are subjected to the same pot-shot clas-
sification, and since a person is a chld ofGod
or a child of the Devil, it must follqw that
every one of our boys in this conflict are (sic)
bloody hell-doomed sinners.
"God will give this world a live-and-let-live
military supremacy that will make the arch-
disturbers of the peace afraid to start any more
of this hell . . . 'The meek shall Inherit the
earth'. It is their God-given inheritance. God
made it for them and not for the Devil and his
hell-makers, and He will help the meek as
they help themselves to hold possession."
T 0 DIGNIFY this tirade with an answer would
be a mistake. However, that is not to say it
is without significance for us. Shielded by their
positions, ignorant or fanatical ministers may
exploit their trusts to spread jingoistic hatred
among "the faithful." It is ironic that such a
creed should be spread under the banner of
Christianity, which proclaims man's brotherhood.
Indeed, we may question whether such national-
ism is even patriotic. Fundamentally, our Amer-
ican patriotism is pride in our humane "Western
Tradition." Belief in the inequality of peoples is
scarcely in keeping with that democratic heritage.
Regardless of patriotism and of our avowed
idealistic goals in this war, the Church's re-
sponsibility to hold aloft nobility of purpose,
genuine humanitarianism, is beyond question..
But manifestly, not all Churchmen can say
with Lincoln, "With malice toward none, with
charity for all . . ." Fanned by the unrestrained
emotionalism of men like Harrell and the dema-
gogy of men like Gerald L. K. Smith, who was a
preacher before becoming a politician, minds are
distorted. Many Detroiters will flock to hear.
Frank Norris preach on "What Hitler Will Soon
See in Hell," because in "old-fashioned religion,",
they find a necessary personal panacea; and
the shrewd parson simply injects his insidious
nolitiena idav itn ni o i rPioyiniiqa .anrnndqf-
Unrest in Martinique
Could Be Aid to Allies
OUR STATE DEPARTMENT is not only dealing
with the fascistic elements-of France, Spain,
and Africa, but it is also carrying over its .incon-
sistent policy to the Western Hemisphere in its
attitude of ignoring the unrest in Martinique.
Latest reports indicate that the island's 500,000
Negroes, whose sympathies are plainly on the
side of the United Nations, are on the verge of
rebellion against the rule of Vichy-inclined Ad-
miral Georges Robert, Martinique high commis-
But the United States has hesitated to make
any move which would encourage such an up-
rising ,and bring cooperation between Mar-
tinique and the Free French forces.
Under the Third Republic the natives of Mar-
tinique had their own local governing body. When
Robert took over control, he abolished most of
their civil rights. The Negroes were proud of
their freedom before Robert. But today they are
imprisoned by him for the high crime of listening
to short wave broadcasts from the United States.
They are now resentful of their virtual slavery
Speeches made daily in this country overflow
with plans for freeing the enslaved peoples of
Europe. In the post-war period we will have an
excellent opportunity to guarantee that those
who are capable of self-government secure that
privilege. No people should be under an intoler-
able rule of force. In Martinique is an excellent
opportunity to practice what we preach.
BUT even if the cause of freedom in itself is not
sufficient to justify action in the eyes of our
Department of State, it seems that our self -inter-
est would furnish a convenient excuse.
In the first place, Martinique, as an island in
the Caribbean, is of great strategic importance.
Aside from its position as an approach to the
vital Panama Canal, it has value as a potential
submarine base for the Axis. Several months ago,
when the activities of the enemy subs in the
Caribbean were interfering so much with our
shipping, it was strongly suspected that the U-
boats were using Martinique as a base of opera-
In the second place, it is a matter of record
that a number of French cargo boats as well as
ships of war are in the island's harbors. All of
these vessels could be well-employed by the
United Nations if Robert would just grant con-
sent to the plan. A short time before the surprise
landing of troops in Africa, the United States had
negotiated with Robert for the transfer of these
ships. The agreement was all drawn up, but at
the last minute he refused to sign, giving the
African campaign as his excuse. So the ships
stand idle at Martinique while Frenchmen die
for lack of supplies which these boats could be
transporting to them.
LAST NOVEMBER the State Department estab-
lished a food blockade of the island. The
result has been a situation bordering on starva-
tion for most of the population.
But even while they go hungry, the people
have not blamed the United States. Instead,
they have become even more resentful of Ad-
miral Robert because of his refusal to cooperate
with the Allies.
At present the political conditions of Mar-
tinique seem to have rached a. rnini nnin
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, April 6.- ON STYLE: We have
never made any substantial effort to mobilize the
plain people of France to our side. We -have,
rather, rebuffed them. So, they mobilize them-
selves. They form their own organizations. They
take to the woods, and fight. They hide in the
mountains of the Haute-Savoie district, and
fight. We know little of these organizations. So,
the whisper goes through Washington, and
through a large part of the western world, that
the French underground is largely Communist.
We began by ignoring the movement. We end
by suspecting it.
Error piles on error. De Gaulle is certainly no
Communist. He appeals to us for support. We
deny him it. He builds a friendly relation be-
tween his movement and Russia. Now we have
a new ground for suspecting him. He is too close
Having kept this entire movement from orgai-
zational contact with our side, we now have our
fears about it, because it is not organizationally
joined to our side. We divorced it, and now we're
sore at it because it doesn't live here any more.
It is a tale of forfeited opportunities, and
natural consequences. We could, in our own
mighty strength, have been the full partner of
the oppressed people of France. How they
begged us to assume this role! We preferred
to deal with the dry bones of CagoulardisM.4
Having lost touch with the people of France,
we now begin to fret about them. Suppose they
get out of hand? So we are compelled, still
carrying the weary burden of our indecision,
to strengthen the "trustworthy," which means
ultra-conservative, elements of France. French
Guiana rebels against Vichy. We rush a Giraud
man there, In undignified haste, so that he
will arrive before the de Gaulle man.
It is a gesture unsuited to a great power, as
graceless as the hasty covering of a lost dime with
The divorce becomes more and more comr-
plete. On the eve of the (it seems likely) in-
vasion of France, our relations with the natural
leader of the French people, de baulle, are at
their worst, and will affect any arrangement
he may make with Giraud. We come to save
the people of France, and we don't quite trust
them. We want to make it possible for them
to do what they want, but we don't want them
to do what they want.
Then the thing kicks back, and at the point
which should mark the culmination of coalition
warfare with Russia, we are thrown into a fresh
state of alarm over Russia's contacts and influ-
ence with the people of Europe. We begin hastily
to re-examine our relations with Russia, :as if
this were a wholly new subject, as if this were
a war which is scheduled to start perhaps next
year, and not a war which is almost four years
old and is rapidly nearing its climax.
We are worried, and we look it. We are off
balance, and we show it.
After England had taken the plunge, for
de Gaulle and the people of France, for some
sort of alliance with Russia, we have come
rushing into the scene with a strange revival
of the politics of five or six years ago. We have
injected a dose of the past into the making of
TO THE EDITORS:
Karpinusk i Asks
THE UNIVERSITY generously
sends to me The Michigan
Daily gratis; I am expected to read
the Daily Official Bulletin. Con-
tiguous to this I have been com-
pelled to observea strange mixture
of unrelated ideas, at least in my
humble opinion, under the cap-
tion: "Dominie Says." Formerly
The Daily repeated "ad nauseam,"
if you know what I mean, the pic-
ture of one of the so-called Deans
and that recurrence has by some
mysterious Providence been elim-
inated and I am profoundly grate-
ful. Possibly by calling your at-
tention to the ineptitudes of this
other revolting material, that
could also disappear without leav-
ing a trace. I doubt if it would be
There seems to be some exter or
extra-territoriality, or both, about
these futile emanations. The title
at the bottom has been conferred,
I believe, with a measure of legal-
ity by duly constituted authority;
the title at the top seems assumed;
the articles partake in one way of
the nature of algebraic equations,
in that read from either end they
make the same amount of meaning
which, unfortunately, seems to be
zero or negative. Could there not
be substituted for this column, for
a month or two of relief, "The
Sociologist Says;" "The Philoso-
pher Says;" "The Political Scien-
tist Says;" "The Orientalist Says,"
and I am willing to admit even
Law, Medicine, Engineering, and,
reluctantly, so-called Business Ad-
mfinistration, without wishing to
exclude Dentistry and Library Sci-
ence, Physical Education, or Edu-
cation with a capital R. The speak-
er nshouldbe University men, duly
qualified and selected on the basis
of intellectual competence, able to
instruct University students n,
HIS NONSENSE about the gen-
tile home is something I can
refute. As the father of six gen--
tiles-even Aryans and that hasn't
ever seemed to me too important-
all six being graduates of the Uni-
versity, I have read the Post, told
my children about the propaganda
nature of the material, but I have
never attempted to inform "Mama
about political affairs." Thank
God I can say, and so can thous-
ands of other families, that we
have "in the family" "group
thought," on America's attitudes
(ceremony not much) and "imagi-
nation" sufficient. "The intellec-
tual sterility of campus conversa-
tion" is not so great as this "Coun-
selor" assumes. So far as "spir-
tual sterility," that means to the
"Counselor" only attendance at
formal services and has little to do
with the truly "spiritual." Per-
sonally, I attended formal serices
as a boy and young man and even
as a teacher here from three to five
times per Sunday, accumulating a
surplus upon which I have recently
been drawing without loss of an
interest in the spiritual.
We ask the Board and the Edi-
tors for spiritual relief of a Uni-
-Prof. Louis C. Karinski
the current series. It is open to the gen-
The twentieth annual exhibition of
work, by artists of Ann Arbor and vicinity
is being presented by the Ann Arbor Art
Association in the Exhibition Galleries
of theRackham Building, through Aprl
23, daily, except Sunday; 2 to 5 after-
noons and 7 to 10 ev nings. The public
is cordially invited,
Junior Research Club will meet at 7:30.
p.m. today in the Rackham Amphithea-
tre. The program will be given by A. S.
Hazzard of the Institute for Fisheries
Research and by S. A. Graham of the
Department of Zoology.
Polonia Society will meet today at 8,:00
p.m. in the International Center. All per-
sons of Polish extraction cordially invited.
Refreshments will be served.
Mortar Board Alumnae: Meeting today,
9:00 p.m., Michigan League.
Michigan Dames service hospital unit
will meet at 8 p.m. in the game room at
the Michigan League Building.
Disciples Guild: Tea will be herved this
afternoon, 5 to 6 p.m., at the Disciples
Guild House, 438 Maynard St. Both Disci-
ples and Congregational students and
friends are invited.
Christian science Organization will meet
tonight at 8:15 in Rooms D and E of the
The Annual French Play: "Le Monde n
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
TUESDAY, APRIL 6, 1943
VOL. LII No. 131
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11,30 a.m.
Student Tea: President and Mrs. Ruth-
ven will be at home to students Wednes-
day afternoon, April 7, from 4 to 6 o'clock.
Group Hospitalization and Surgical
Service: During the period from April 6
through April 17 the University Business
Office will accept new applications as
well as requests for changes in contracts
now in effect. These new applications
and changes will become effective May 5
with the first payroll deduction on May
31. Please be advised that after April 17
no new applications or changes can be
accepted until the month of October.
Women blood donors, from now on, are
to report to the League Blood Donor Bank
for an appointment to donate blood.
Those between the ages of 18 and 21 must
bring parents' written consent. The next
dates for blood donation are April 9 and
10, Women's Athletic Building,
Margaret Bell, M.D.
Martha Cook Building: All women inter-
ested in living in Martha Cook Building
next year should complete their applica-
tions at once. The list will soon be closed.
To Memqbers of the Faculty: Because of
War conditions, the Michigan Schoolmas-
ter's Club Program was late in coming
off the press. It is now available and
read for distribution in Room 221, Angell
Hall. Members of the faculty are cordially
invited to join the Michigan Schoolmas-
ter's Club (small membership fee), if they
are not already members, and to register
early with Miss Genevieve Sproat in Room
221. Angell Hall, for the annual meeting
oQn April 15, 16, and 17. Tickets for the
Friday night banquet on April 16 are also
available, which includes admission to the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre for a patr!
otic revue, "Listen, Mr. Speaker," by 150
Office of War Information, has said
that the United States has become
a greater enigma than Russia. Start,
ing with a diplomacy that was out
of character for us, we have followed
it with our nose down until we, c,ur-
selves, are out of charapter.
It is we, youngest of nations, that,
incredibly, seems the oldest and most
wary and most fearful among the
nations of the world. We brood. We,
who should have entered this war
-,tudents from the Roosevelt High School,
American Chemical Society Lecture:
Dr. Frederick D. Rossini, of the National
Bureau of Standards, will lecture on the
subject, "Chemical Thermodyiarnics of.
Hydrocarbons", on Wednesday, April 7,
at 4:15 p.m. In Room 303 Chemistry Build-]
Ing. The public Is Invited.
Lecture: Dr. Joseph P. Free, Professor
of Archaeology at Wheaton College, will
lecture on the subject, "'Archaeological
Discoveries and Christian Faith Today",
tonight at 8 o'clock in the Rackham Lee-
ture Hall. The lecture is sponsOed by
the Committee for Dynamle Christianity
(affiliated with the Student Religious
Dr, Luis Ramirez, of Paraguay, will give
the third of a series of talks on Latin
America on the subject, "Survey on Para-
guay", under the auspices of the Latin
America Society of the University of
Michigan, Wednesday April 7, at 8 p.m.
in the RackhAm Amphitheatre.
Faculty, students and townspeople are
welcome to the lecture, which will be de-
livered in English znd without charge.
Attention, Marine Reservists: There will
be a meeting at ;30 p~m. today in the
Union. Read the section on "Musketry"
in your manuals.
Preliminary Ph.D. examinations In Eco-
nomics will be held the week of May 3.
Those persons qualified-to write the ex-
aminations and wishing to do so at this
time should leave their nmes in the of-
fice of the departMent As soon as possible.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will meet
on Wednesday, April 7, at 7:30 p.m., in
Room 319 West Medical Building. "Some
Naturally Occurring Antibaeterial Agents"
will be discussed. All interested are in-
Bacteriology 312 Seminar will meet
today at 4:15 pm. in Room 1564 East Med-
ical Building. Subject: "Epidemie" Rheu-
matic Fever. All interested are invited.
Zoiogy Seminar will met in the Rook-
_am pn idthetre at,7:30. pjn. on Thurs-
day, AprIl 8. Report by Fred R. Cagle on
"The Growth of the Slider Turtle (Pseq-
demys Scripta Elegans)."
Faculty Recital: John Kollen, pianist,
and Thelma Lewis, soprano, of the Sehoo,
of Music faculty, will appear in recital at