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WASHINGTON, Apfl1 .-Wheh
the White House butler says "Din-
ner is served," it doesn't mean
what it used to mean.: Most of
the time, it's nothing more than
a simple .three-course meal.. for
two or three persons, served not
in the state dining room, or even
in the family dining room on the
first'floor, but, in the President's
study on the second floor.
Except for the occasional visit
of a South American president,
social activity at the White
House has, isappeared. Roose-
velt dines with Mr. and Mrs.
Harry Hopkins, -Justice Bayrnes,
Judge Sam Rosenman, or per-
haps with Grace Ti lly, his blue-
eyed, white-haired private 4e-
retary. Irs. Roosevelt is off-
again, on-again, as usual.
A friend of Gen. "Pa" Watson,
aide to the President, sent himo
some finnan haddie 4the'other day,
and Watson passed it' along to the
President. "Meat," said -Watson,
"or anything that passes for meat,
is as precious -as gold these days'
The President enjoyed the free
If Grace Tully is there for dina-
ner, it means work after dinnet.
On the average of two evenings a
week, the dictation isn't finished
in the daytime, and Grace stays
over. For -the war has, not .de-
creased the President's dilon.
Jimmy Byrnes remarked the other
day, "I don't see how he can hah.
dle so much paper work."
Fact Is, the President Is lean-
Ing heavily on letters, and cut-
ting down interviewp. His 'ap-
pointments run from 18:306t6
lunch, with an occasional con-
ference at 2 o'cleck. at a-ter-
noons are reserved for dictatnhw
to Grace Tully. The only thing
to throw this regimen -out of
gear is an afternoon pres cosi-
ference, a talk with a mah like
Anthony Eden-ot' the sprin
Sometimes the President swings
around fron his detk, takes a
quick .look at the sunshine over
the South Grounds, and says to
his Scottie, "Let's go for a ride.-
what. do you say, Falla?"
A Ride in the Country
This means a quiet tour into the
country, without motorcycle es-
cort, in a car which looks like any-
body else's shiny limousiie, and
stops 'at the traffic lights like the
car of any ordinary citizen.
Members of the President's in-
timate staff insist they e'e ;no
change in him under the pres-
sure of war. The war hasn't al-
tered l 's mood or his methods.
He still laughs heartily, eats iell,
and dictates methodically, with
never a "read that back to me."
Gt'aee Tul y ekiplalns it by say-
ing the President is a psycholo-
gist, and he keeps a good temper
for the sake of the people around
The slackened social activity
doesn't shut out 'the house guests,
however. Any day, Mrs. Roosevelt
is likely to get a letter from old
friends or relatives who are com-
ng to town, and she replies.
"Won't you stay with us?".y
They. do. They come for a day i
or two, sometimes for a week. But
they go their ways, and see little
'of the President. He will dine with
then 'onc in the course of the
viihut the rest of the ' tim e,
"dinner is served" for'two or three
In short, evenings are very quiet
at the White House, and except for
the President's 'own late hours at
his 'desk,.the electric light bill is
the lowest in years.
Hes. MCH enr Oz Rus sia
Mrs. Evalyn Walsh McLean,
owner of the Hope Diamond and
mother-in-law of Senator Bob
Reynolds of North Carolina, has
been looking very dapper these
days in her new air raid warden's
uniform. She wears it, helmet and
all, to dinner on all nights when
and air raid alarm might be ex-
Incidentally, she also wears the
Hope Diamond during air raid
alerts. On these occasions, air-
plane spotters stomp through the
ornate McLean mansion, which
looks more like a museum than a
residence, to take their position on
the roof, while Mrs. McLan Pa-
trols the darkiened streets, the
Hope Diamond round her neck
and two diamond bracelets, two
iiiches wide, around her wrists.
Mrs. McLean is one of the most
forthright wardens in her area.
"One night," she says, "I found a
light which nobody would ttrn 'off,
so I just broke a window, went in
and put that light out."
Mrs. McLean also has forthright
views 'on "other thing~s, including-
the Russians. If 'Comrade Stalin
could hear her, and if he believed
she represented the American peo-
ple, -the Russians would not be
overly encouraged to keep on
elaims the owner of one of the
largest diamoitds in the world.
"I tell Henry Wallace Just exact-
ly what I think of him for being
so friendly to' the Russians. He
doesn't like it, but I tell him just
"The other night he came for
dinner, and I said: 'Now Mr. Vice
-President, suppose you were in, a
barroom brawl and got rescued by
a barroom bum'. He might have
saved your life. But, would you
take him home and 'let him share
your home with your daughter and
(Cot~yight, 1943, United Features Synti.)
NIGHT EDITOR: MARGARET FRANK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by linembers of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers 6nly.
1q4'u C '~".a*~O nines. Inc.
Labor Conscription Bill
Is Blocked by Unions
THE HOSTILITY of organized labor toward a
Congressional measure once again has made
the timidity and unsteadiness of the President's
attitude conspicuous. This time it regards the
pending Austin-Wadsworth bill for labor con-
Despite official Washigton declarations
that a labor draft is inevitable and only a mat-
ter of time, the expected presidential enthusi-
asm has been cooled by shouts of "slavery" and
"dangerous snare" from AF. of L. and C.LO.
presidents William Green and Phillip Murray.
Yet the bill would effectuate total warfare,
would mobilize the full strength of the country,
and would force everybody to contribute his or
her abilities to win the war-exactly what the
President has been urging. It would effectively
bring into essential war jobs the vast pool of
skilled workers which the government has failed
to reach by the present indirect pressure method
AUSTIN- WADSWORTH plan provides for
the registration of all women from 18-49 and
all men from 18-64, exempting mothers with
children under the age of 18, women caring for
sick and aged, women serving in auxiliary bran-
ches of the armed services, and men in military
and certain government services.
It aims to draw a small minority of the popu-
lation, perhaps several million, to war plants or
farms. A skilled or semiskilled welder now in
non-essential trade could expect to be called back
to a plant. One capable of doing farm work
and not doing it would be called upon to do that
work again. A salesman, lawyer, or small mer-
chant might be assigned to tae a training' course
as a mechanic or agricultural worker. A manu-
facturer making jevelry, toys, or artificial flow-
ers might be forced to close his business and
move with his employes to a more essential job.
One of the safeguards of the proposal states
that none of the conscripted laborers would be
required to join labor unions If assigned to
plants with closed shops. This is a sore spot
to the labor leaders who have dreamed up.
ghastly effects. It might cause dissatisfaction
among the other workers in the shop; it might
even break the closed shop prestige.
Therefore, organized labor is in the front line
of the opposition, in fact, has provided the only
real opposition. It has drawn every conceivable
argument from every side. Murray in a state-
ment to the Senate Military Affairs Committee
last week blamed "uninformed, inexpert lcal
draft boards" for withdrawing "sorely needed
workers in many areas;" he said industry "re-
fused to pay adequate wages and refused to hire
available negro workers" and added that passage
of the bill would "lull the nation into a false sense
of security with the notion that we had solved
our manpower problem."
It is inevitable that the passage of the Aus-
tin-Wadsworth bill would solve our manpower
problem and with the same ink solve the en-
suing food production deacle as well.
The labor leaders' shouts have fallen loudly on
the President's ear. He seems unable to bring
himself to the point of giving it the sort of
emphatic approval that would insure its speedy
passage. Instead, he now feels reluctant to re-
sort in eivlian ,raft vina wm.m prf.rr.
nited Nations Ignore
Chance to Save Jews
jF IT WERE ANNOUNCED tomorrow that every
person of Jewish descent in the state of New
York would be killed Within the next two months,
but that 2,000 of them. wuld be transported to
any state that would accept them by agiven date,
do you think that even one state would step for-
Do you think the newspapers in the other
states would thinkthit event was news-worthy?
Or that the powerful and growing Ku Klux Klan
in Detroit would weep or the Chicago Tribune
would write a denouncing editorial?
Certainly the answers to these questions are
decisively "NO." This conclusion is based on the
recent test this country just passed through.
Wednesday night was the deadline to save
140,000Jews from the death the Nais prom-
ised them, but there was not a line in the
American newspapers and scarcely a murmur
froR the American people. The leaders and
the speople of the United Nations had over a
month to accept.these people and yet not one
There -were only, two comments on the matter.
One wa, when amember of the British. State
Department who said it was out of the question
because it would cause Anti-Semitism. The sec-
ond hwas when after much pressure was brought
to bear by rallies of U.S. Jews, Mr. Welles
sent a message to the British government advis-
ing them that we would cooperate with any plans
th ey have to evacuate Jews from Europe.
T HIS TIME it can truly be said that the world
has little noted and we fear they will not long
remember what was done here. This was' really
the-disaster that was consummated on the world
last Wednesday night.
An the past there was always someone who
eaed: for every Coughlin there was an Inger-
soll; for every Huey Long there was a Franklin
Roosevelt; for every Ciare Luee there is a
Henry Wallace. BUT FOR HITLER'S PER-
SECUTIONS, THERE IS NO ONE.
Where are all of those humanitarians who
have spent their lives fighting the poll ta,
monopolies and unemplyment, but will not
lift a finger to save 100,000 lives?
We have grown into a nation of personal is-
lationists: each of us has built a wall around
himself as the walls of our national isolation have
HUS it is the living that are to be pitied, be-
cause they have lost something far more pre-
cious than their lives; something whose lack can
turn America to fascism, bring race riots to the
streets of Detroit and New York, the return of
parasitic Coughlins and Longs, and the downfall
of the ideals that have enabled us to demand and
sustain our freedom.- Charles Bernstein
0041 Snobbery, Intrigue
MOST of the time State Department officials
continue to act like boys at a high school
basketball game, cheering their side and hissing
the de Gaullists. If Giraud makes a good speech,
L Be Right
NEW YORK, April 3.-- America is losing its
primacy in world affairs. We are no longer the
king-pin. We must understand this. If we do
not, it shall go badly with us. We have discog-
ered that the Russians have a grade-A industrial
plant. We did not know this on June 22, 1941.
(Neither did Hitler.) We know it now. (So does
he.) But it is more than just an industrial plant.
It is an industrial plant administered with style.
It innovates (oversize tanks, tank rifles, its own
plane models, motorized snow-sleds), as well as
It moves across the mountains when threat-
ened, and it continues to work. It has a durable
and pugnacious will to live.
The British have a new industrial plant, too.
We do not yet realize how the war has mod
ernized it. British factories no longer make
quaint Victorian cast-iron whatnots in the
guise of machinery; they carve the living steel
as well as we. Their planes are inferior to
none. This is war, few figures are available;
but it is a safe guess that British production of
heavy goods is double what it was. Yet the
foreign policy of some of us is based on legends
and memories of pre-war Britain and Russia,
not on British and Russian realities of today.
- There is still a Lady Bountifulishness about
our thinking in this field. Shall we, out of the
goodness of our hearts, our infinite pity, and
our exquisite moral sense, join Britain and Russia
in making the world that is to be?
Will we, won't we, will we, won't we, will we
join the dance? There is an overweening coy-
ness about our deliberations. We stand, with
finger in our mouth, wondering if these be part-
ners good enough for us.
But the Russia that is repelling the invader,
the Britain that has chased Rommel 1,50
miles, cannot be reduced to tears merely by
our staying out. The China that stood up
against Japan, even when we were supplying
Japan with metal and oil, will not collapse in
a heap because we choose to keep ourselves out
of a world organization. These three countries
will go on, with us or without us. The world
will not turn up its toes and die this time
because we vote no.
This is a new kind of world, and it will go on,
and the question is reduced simply to whether we
shall be a part of it or out of it.
Our indecisive plucking of petals from the en-
igmatic daisy no longer impresses or depresses
the rest of the world.
They would like us in. But neitherBritain nor
Russia intends to write a short note to its best
friend and blow its brains out if we decide in
the negative. That is what the new level of
British-Russian relationship, so much more high-
ly developed than the American-Russian rela-
tionship, says to us. These two powers will go
it alone, if we would have it so. They will struggle
along with a combined industrial plant at least
equal to ours, and a combined population twice
as large, and a potential command of territory
five times as great.
The question no longer is whether we shall
DAILY FFICIAL BULLETIN
SATURDAY, APRIL 3, 1943
VOL. Lit No. 129
All notices for the Daily Offical aul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of t
President, Initypewrtten f o 4*by 3:O
p.m. of the day preceding its pubUta-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 an.
Abbott and nssett SchoUaftslbr LCan-
didates for the Emma M5 and. Florence .
Abbott Scholarships (for women, any
school or college) and the Eug6ned. #s-
sett Scholarship (men or women, any
undergraduate school or college) are ad-
vised that their applications should b6e
submitted before' Aprit 5 throkigh the'
Dean or Director of the school or ollege
in which they are registered.
On and after April 5 the D9sment
Study Hail of the. General Library will
be closed. Reserve books now serviced
there have been, transferred to other
reading rooms as follows:
Class. Arch. 122. Monumental hitor* or
Rome. Winter. Grad. R. 3. 1.
Class. Arch. 123. Aneient Greek 1ie.
Blake. Study Hall, General Lib.
English 45. Introduction to' American
Literature. Williams. Angell Hall Study
English 109. American English. Maick-
wardt. Angell Hall Study Hal.
English 112. Milton. Humphreys. Angell,:
Hall Study Hall;
English 121. English literature 1798-132.
Weaver. Angell Hall Study Hall,
English 124. Masterpieces of literature in-
English. Weaver. Angell lfall StUdy,
English 128. English'literature of the Vic-
torian period. Litzenberg. Angell Hall'
English 182. American literature since
1870. Williams. Angell 11all Study H'all.
English 198. Honors course for sethors.
Humphreys. Angell Hanl Stddy Hall.
French 164. Contemporary France. Mc--
Laughlin. Angell Hall Study Hall..
French 166. French literature. of the 19th,
century. Denkinger. Angell Hail Study
Fine Arts 192. Art of China. Pluiner.
Grad. R. R. 1.
Fine Arts 204. Potter's Art in China. Plu-
mer. Grad. R. R. 1.
Geography 74. Geography of Europe. Kiss..
Study Hall, General Library.
German 81. Outstanding German. drama.
Reichert. Angell Hall Study Hall.
German 82. Modern German plays and
stories. Wahr. Angel HMllStudy Hall.
German 156. History of German-literature.
Wahr. Angell Hall Study Hall.
History 106. Intellectual history-of medie-
val Europe. Throop. Angell Hall'Study
History 150. British Empire and Commonn.
wealth. Devries. Angenl l1all Sttd3'k
History 154. Constitutional and legal his-
+nr n Vir. rll-- I.--
sistory 196. Hispahic America. Aiton.
8tucy Rai, General Library.
Honors 103. Rice. Grad. R. U. 2.
Orierital Lang. 52. Elements of Malay.
Sensttius. Angell Hall Stuidy Hall
Oriental Lang. 6o. Linguistic techniques.
Hass. Angell all Study Hall.
Oriental Lang. 108. Mohammedan civil;.
ization and religion. Worrell. Grad..
driental Lang. 148. Japanese language.
Yamagilakma. Angell Hall, Study Hall.
Orientdl Lang. 150. Japanese langtiage.
Yamagiwa. Angell Hall Study Hall.,
Oriental Lang. 190. Elementary Japanese
language. Yamnagiwa. Angell Hall
Political' Scf. 52. onntinental European
government. kiaus. Angell Hal Study
Pblitical Scf. 67. International polites.
Ga14. Angell Hail Study Hall.,
Political Sot. 96. Political biography. Cum-
cannon. Grad.. R. R~. 4.
Political 98. Reading course for seniors.
Gale. Angell Hall S. H.
Politi'cal Sdc. 122. American constitutional
law. Dore. Grad. 3A' 3; 4.
Politfcal S6l. 142. Municipal govt. and
adrfthistration. Perkins. Angell Rail
Political Set. 154. Govt. and politics - of
the Far East. Gale. Angell Hall Study
Political StI. 162.. Public international
law. Laing_ Grad. 3. a. 4.
'Political 166. International org. and ad-
min. Califerwood. Study Hall, Gen-
Political Set. 182. History of political
thought. Kraus. Grad. X. 4.
Politic'l Sol. 184. American political
thought. Brown. Grad. R. R. 4.
Sociology 19&. Sociological aspects of post-
War problems. Hawley. Study Hall,
General Librarn .
Social studies 93. Problems of the war and.
of the peace. Dodge. Angell Hall
Spanish' 8. Spanish and- Spanish' Anert-
can life. Mercado and Albaladejo.
Study Hall, General Library.
Spanish 91. Spanish literature of 19th
century: Kenyon. Study Nall, Gen-
Spanish 92, Spanish literature of 1th
centurg. Eddy. Study Hall, General'
Spanish 160. Spanish 'grammar for teach-
ers. Lincoln. Grad. -. R. 2.
'Spanish 172. Modern Spanish novel. Linc-
Wln. Grad. It. I. 2.
Warner 0. RIce
Martha Cook Building: All wOmen inter-
ested in living in Martha Cook uilding
next yeai- should- complet6 their applica-
tions at once. The list will soon be closed.
Graduate stuidents: Diploma applica-
tions for degrees in May must be filed in
the Ofaduate School office on or- before
"APril 10. Applications filed' in any pre-
ber Company will' Interview Senior Engi-
neers for prospective positions with their
oigaizations,..Uonday, an'd, Tbueday,
April -5 and 6, in Room 214 West Engi-
Interview schedule may be signed on
the bulletini board at Room 221 West Efigi-
Application blanks are available ii each
Doctoral students expecting to receive
their degrees, in May 'are reminded that
dissertations are due ,in the GradUite
School office on or before April 5.
C. S. Yoakumk
'a emwi'or im
Attention all reservists; 'ROTC and
NHOtC Cadets: The company will failIt
at 7:30 p.m. at the old ROTC Readquar-
ters Saturday, April 3, for a night prob-
lem. Wear dark clothinig atd-,biacten
face and hands with burat cork before
coming if possible.
Preliminary h.. exailnations in coi-
nomies will be held the week of MAay 3.
Those persons qualified to Write the ex-
aminations and wishing to do so ft 'this
time should leave their names in the of-
fice of the department as soon as possible.
Shorey Pe'iso n
66etoral Exaninintion for Bob'ert Crigin
Ball, Zoology; thesis: "Relationship of the
Invertebrate Fauna to the Fish Popul-
tion in Third Sister Lake, Washtenaw
County, Mictigan," will be held today ,n
3089 Natural Science, at 9-00 a.m; Chair-
man, P. S. Welch.
By action of the Executive Board, the
Chairman may invite members o0 the
faculties and advanced doctoral candi-
dates to attend the examination and he
may grant permission to those who for
sufficient reason might wish to be pres-
C. S. Yoakum
School of Education Freshmen: Courses
dropped after today will be recorded, with
the grade of 19 except under extrabrd inary
.ircumhstancee. No course' is considired
dropped unless it has been reported in
the office of the Registrar, Room 4, Unt-
May Festival Tickets: Beginning M-dh
day morning, April 5, at 9-00- dcl6ek
simultaneotusly with the continued, sale
of season tickets for the Golden' Jubilee
May Festival, tickets for individual' estt-
vai concerts will also be on sale, at $2.75,
$2.20, $1.65 and $1.10 each, tax incluided,
at the office's of the University' Musical
Society in Burton Memortal Tower.
The assignment of artists' for the sev-
eral concerts, in all of whicf th e Pilla.
delphia Orchestra will participate, are as