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February 12, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-02-12

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Weather

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, FEB. 12, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Churchill

See

Invasion

in

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_.

ERC Me

i Will Be Called 'Soon as Possible

700 'U' Men
Affected by
ERC Order
New Technical Groups
Set Up for Temporary
Engineering Exemption
BOSTON, Feb. 11.- (A)- College
students in the Army Enlisted Re-
serve, excepting certain technical
students, will be called to active duty
as soon as possible after the closing
date of the current semester or cor-
responding academic period which
ends after Dec. 31, 1942, the War De-
partment announced today.
Army officers described it as a clar-
ifying announcement to the War De-
partment directive of Jan. 27.
The order affects students nation-
ally, officers at the First Service Com-
mand said, and the exempted cate-
gories include pre-medical, pre-den-
tal, approved engineering students.
* *
700 'U' Men Are
Affected by Call
More than 700 University men will
be affected by the War Department's
latest announcement on the status of
the Army Enlisted Reserve Corps,
unassigned,
Commenting on the new announce-
mnent, Prof. Burton D. Thuma, cam-
pus armed forces representative, said
last night that the new statement was
little more than was already known.
(The Army's directive of Jan. 27
reiterated an interpretation of the
Army Specialized Training Program
that told University men that they
would not be given notices of active
duty before Feb. 13 (tomorrow).
. (The main body of the Jan. 27 di-
etive listed certain categories of
students that would be deferred until
the end of the current semester. They
included pre - medical, pre - dental,
sophomore and junior and senior en-
gineers.
Engineers Designated
(New classes were given official
designation as engineers. They include
sophomores, juniors and seniors in
the following fields: chemistry, phys-
ics, psychology, bacteriology, and me-
teorology.
(Prof. Thuma said that the Army
recently had asked for lists of the
above classes of students and their
standings in the University. They
have not yet been sent to the War
Department but are still in prepara-
tion. )
Prof. Thuma asked Army Air Corps
Enlisted Reserve men to refrain from
calling Sixth Service Command Head-
quarters in Chicago for more infor-
mation. He said that several students
had already called and that this
would lead to congestion in the Head-
quarters.
Be Ready to Leave
"They mean what they say," Prof.
Thuma said, affirming the, authen-
ticity of stories from Chicago in yes-
terday's Daily. Ie said that he would
try to answer all questions here.
To Army Enlisted Reserve Corps
men wondering whether or not to
leave school, Prof. Thuma said:
"If the student lives close by..
he might stay in, but if he lives a
considerable distance away he might
drop out to see his parents.
"If you stay in school, live out of
a suitcase because you may get very
short rnotice of induction.
"Orders will probably come here.
If you leave school make arrange-
ments to be called or wired."

Notices Start Tomorrow
Definite dates of induction into ac-
tive service from the Army Enlisted
Reserve Corps was given students on
Dec. 30 when President Alexander G.
Ruthven received from Washington
an interpretation of the Army Spe-
cialized Training Program that read
as follows:
"No orders will be given to report
on a date prior to two weeks after
the completion of the student's first
academic quarter, term or semester
terminating after Dec. 31, 1942."
Applied to the University, the inter-
pretation set the date as tomorrow
for the beginning of active duty no-
4-:- A+ ha+ +ima+ ,.,a.ar ,t immi

Two Nazi 'Strong Points' Threatened
KALIN N RUSSIA
VELIKIE 'RZHEV
LU KI
vYAZMA
SMOLENSA
TULA
OREL
URDSARATOY
VORONEZH{-
j KIEV ELGORO tv
Don R. I
Do~eiSTALINGRAD
KRAMATORSK
DNIEPERO- ,VOROSHILOVGRAD
PETROVSK
0DESSA TAGANROG 7 C ASTRAKHAN
=Azov: >TIKHORETSK E
.. KE KRASNODAR
kSe. NALCHIK
GROZNY
0 200
STATUTE MILES TBATUM :
Black area shows gains rolled up in two days' time by Red troops
now threatening the German bases of Orel (1) and Kharkov (2). Two
other German bases in the same region, Kursk and Belgorod (both shown
in black area) have been claimed by Soviets.
Reds Menace Kharkov,
Cu krie Ralwa

LONDON, Feb. 11.- (A')- The Red
Army in its smashing semi-encircle-1
ment of Kharkov has cut the Ukraine
bastion's main railway to the South
and the Crimea by capturing the key
rail junction of Lozovaya, the Moscow
radio announced tonight in a special7
communique recorded here by the
Soviet Monitor.
Capture of Lozovaya apparently
represented a 35-mile advance west-
ward from Barvenkova by a force
which, threatening at any moment to;
turn southward toward the Sea of
Azov, is menacing from the rear hun-
dreds of thousands of German troops
in the area of Rostov.
Kharkov, which has been the Ger-
mans' strongest position in all Russia
Student Nurses
Register Today
For Instruction
Fifty-nine student nurses, enrolled
through seven hospitals in the state,
will register here today for 'basic in-
struction in the sciences to be given
by the Division of Emergency Train-
ing.
This program, financed by the fed-
eral government and the University,
is designed to help hospitals supply
nurses for the war, said Thelma
Brewington, coordinator. "Student
nurses are being sent to the Univer-
sity for four months basic training
because housing facilities at local hos-
pitals are inadequate," she said.
The women will be housed in three
University d ormitories, Baldwin,
Stockwell Hall, and Mosher. All of
them will be considered regular stu-
dents of the University, and subject
to the rules and regulations of the
Office of the Dean of Women.
Courses to be studied by the student
nurses include anatomy and physiol-
ogy, microbiology, chemistry, sociol-
ogy, nursing arts, and physical edu-
cation.
Conference Warned
Of Falling Gas Taxes
"If our highways proved unequal
to their task today, our war factories
would close, our people would starve,
our armies would be deprived of wea-
pons, and we would lose the war,"
stated Highway Commissioner Lloyd
B. Reid, yesterday before the 29th
annual Michigan Highway Confer-
enee in session at the Union.

east of the Dnieper, already has had
the main railway from the north cut
and is engulfed by Red Army troops
on a 50-mile are reaching as close as
22 miles.
The Red Army's westward push to
Lozovaya brings it to within 65 miles
of the great Dnieper River, along
which many observers believe the
Germans are now planning to make
a stand in retreat.
From Lozovaya, which is 75 miles
south of Kharkov, the nearest point
on the Dnieper is the city of Dnieper-
opetrovsk, site of the great hydro-
electric dam, which the Russians
themselves destroyed in their retreat
more than a year ago.
By knifing through to the Kharkov-
Crimean Railway at Lozovaya the
Russians have split the German arm-
ies at Kharkov from those in the
Donets Basin.
While Gen. Kulagin's forces in this
action further increased the threat to
the German forces at Rostov, other
Russian forces in the immediate vi-
cinity of the Caucasus gateway drove
in still closer.
The official German News Agency
DNB acknowledgedE a Red flank at-
tack across the ice of the Sea of Azov
in the area of the Don Estuary, but
said it collapsed under Nazi artillery
fire.
Frosh-Soph Ball
Sanctioned for
Underclass men
Patterned after the recent V-Ball,
a combination Frosh Frolic and Soph
Prom was sanctioned yesterday by the
Student Affairs Committee, it was
announced by Bill Sessions, '43E,
head of the Men's Judiciary Council.
A committee consisting of 12 mem-
bers-six from the freshman class and
six from the sophomore class-will be
elected in a campus vote Tuesday,
Feb 23.
The literary college will elect three
members from both the freshman
and sophomore classes, the engineer-
ing school will select two persons
from each class, while all other
schools will choose one committeeman
from each class.
All sophomores and freshmen in
good standing are eligible to be on the
committee, They must secure peti-
tions for election from 9 a.m. to 12
noon tomorrow and through 5 p.m.
next Wednesday in the Student Offi-
ces of the Union.

Allied Troopsj
Push Ahead
Into Tunisia j
British, French Armies
Advance Eight Miles
Into Italian-Held Lines
LONDON, Feb. 11.- (A)- British
and French troops were reported to-
night by a field correspondent in the b
Mateur area to have set the long-dor-
mant northern front in Tunisia into
acton with a continuing attack that d
has advanced them about eight miles. t
The report came from a Reutersc
correspondent in the Mateur sector-
about 15 miles south of Bizerte-who I
declared that Allied troops includingl
Britishdand French commandos at-
tacked the Italian-held line in the0
northern area at dawn yesterday. 1
The smash carried eight miles deep
over an area of about 100 square c
miles, he said, adding:
"By evening the men reached their
primary objectives.X
"According to information so fart
available the operation has gone well,i
but full results will not be knownt
until the second sweep now in pro-(
gress has been completed."
There was no word of the attack1
immediately from any other sources.
Meanwhile, far to the south on the
vital Tunisian battlefront, the British1
Eighth Army was reported fighting 201
miles inside the southern border fromI
Libya, pounding the retreating forces
of Field Marshal Erwin Rommel with
artillery fire east of Ben Gardane.1
The other arms under Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower were deployed along a
200-mile Tunisian spine 50 to 60 miles
inland from the Tunisian east coast,
hemming in the German and Italian
forces.r
Three Board
Positions Open
Six Union Posts Also
To Be Filled Soon1
To select six Union Vice-Presidents1
and three student members of the
Board in Control of Student Publica-
tions an all campus election will be:
held Tuesday, Feb. 23, it was an-
nounced yesterday by Bill Sessions,
'43E, chairman of the Men's Judiciary
Council.
Any member of the student body in
good standing except those currently
connected with any student publica-
tion can petition for the positions on
the Board in Control.
All persons interested and eligible
are asked to submit a written petition
stating their names and other perti-
nent data to a nominating committee
composed of the student members of
the Student Affairs Committee.
Petitions Available
These petitions may be obtained
from 9 a.m. to 12 noon tomorrow and
each day next through 5 p.m. Wed-
nesday in the Union Student Offices.
These must be returned accompanied
by a University eligibility card by 4:30
p.m. Thursday to either the Business
Desk of The Daily or the Student
Offices, Sessions stated.
At least nine persons will be nom-
inated from which the campus will
elect three.
Any male member of the student
body is eligible to petition for the
Union vice-president positions. Two
candidates will be nominated for each
position, one of which shall be elected
from the following categories: the

literary college and Grad. School, the
engineering college, and Architecture
School, the Medical School, the Law
School, the School of Dental Surgery,
and one from all other schools com-
bined.
Candidates To Be Named
Candidates will be nominated in
one of two ways provided by the Ju-
diciary Council and the Union Con-
stitution:
1) A nominating committee com-
posed of five members of the student
staff of the Union can select candi-
dates.

All 'U'Men
To Register
ere Today
Students To Be Signed
By Manpower Corps
For New War Projects
Today is "M" day for Michigan
Manpower.
Registration of all male students tow
do work on war projects will be con-a
ducted today by the Manpower Mo- i
bilization Corps at three convenient
campus locations.d
Booths will be set up at the West,
Engineering Building Arch, in theS
obby of the Union and in the lobby
of Angell Hall. They will be manned
by Corps representatives from 9 to -
12 and from 1 to 5 p.m.
According to Manpower executive
committeeman Clarence Carlson, the
recent notice given to members of the
Air Corps Reserve makes it more im-
Sortant than ever before thatall
hose men remaining on campus reg-
ister with the Manpower Corps since
the number of those available to carry
out the projects of the Corps will be
seriously reduced.:
Re-registration Necessary
Mary Borman. head of the Man-
power Corps, said yesterday that, "itf
is unfortunate that we must ask those
who registered with us before to do
so again, but it must be done since'
the times the men now have available
have been changed by the new class
schedules. In addition, a number of
those registered with us are no longer
in school."
Besides the booths, registration
blanks will be delivered to all frater-
nity houses. That house turning in
the most filled out cards, on the basis
of the number of men in the house,
will be honored with the presentation;
of a Manpower Corps banner for their
cooperation. These forms must be
turned in to Corps offices at Room
308 of the Union by tomorrow noon.
Student Aid Needed
Reiterating his appeal for coopera-I
tion on the part of all male students,I
Carlson said that such projects as1
the alleviation of the restaurant labort
shortage and the furnishing of work-s
ers for a huge Ypsilanti war construc-c
tion project cannot be successfully
carried out without the unqualified
support of the student body.
Working with the Manpower Corps
representatives on the registration
drive are Cecil Sink of the Union1
Executive Council and Charles Diehl1
of the West Quadrangle.
Women's Staff
To Hold Tryout
Meeting Today
There will be a meeting at 4 p.m.
today in the Publications Building for
all eligible freshmen and upperclass-
men as well who are interested in
joining The Daily women's staff. ;
This year, as never before in the
history of The Daily, tryouts have
an unprecedented opportunity for ad-
vancement on the women's staff and
the opportunity for invaluable ex-
perience in work with the mn's edi-
torial department.
Because of the loss of many men
to the armed services women will
continually become more influential
in the management of The Daily. It
is hoped that many women will heed

the call and do their part in main-
taining the high standards The Daily
has enjoyed in the past, as a college
publication.
By joining the women's staff, try-
outs will have thse opportunity of
working on night desk for the wo-
men's page from 4:30 p.m. to 7:30:
p.m. one day a week, or some weeks
work on the night desk of the men's
staff. This experience is extremely
valuable as an opportunity of learning
rapidly and thoroughly journalistic
methods practiced 1y The Daily.
Other work for tryouts will be fea-
ture stories concerning any phase of

Eisenhower
Jo ins British
To Crush Axis

GENERAL EISENHOWER
* * *
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, Feb. 11.-(P)-Gen.
Dwight D. (Ike) Eisenhower, new Al-
lied Commander-in-Chief in North
Africa, conferred today with British
staff officers from the Middle East on
completion of his unified command
of powerful Allied forces for a final,
crushing offensive to drive the Axis
from Tunisia.
To head this centralized command
of generals and a British admiral, the
popular Eisenhower was nominated
by President Roosevelt to become a
full general, a rank otherwise held
only by John J. Pershing, George C.
Marshall, and. Douglas MacArthur.
Alexander Is Deputy
As his deputy commander-in-chief,
Eisenhower has Gen. Sir Harold Al-
exander, former British Middle East
commander, who will direct all land
operations. Like Eisenhower, he is
young and energetic, and favors di-
rect action.
Air Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder, air
commander-in-chief for the Mediter-
ranean area, will be responsible for
all air operations in this vital theatre.
Directing the Allied navies is Ad-
miral of the Fleet Sir Andrew Browne
Cunningham.
Land operations in North Africa
have this powerful lineup:
Three British Armies
Under Alexander are the crack
British First Eighth Army of Gen. Sir
Bernard L. Montgomery, which
chased Rommel 2,000 miles from
Egypt clear across Libya; the British
First Army under Lieut.-Gen. Ken-
neth, A. N. Anderson, Gen. Henri Gi-
raud's French forces and two Ameri-
can corps commanded by Maj.-Gen.
Lloyd R. Fredendall and Maj.-Gen.
Charles W. Ryder.
Still directly under Eisenhower for
the time being is the American Fifth
Army of Lieut.-Gen. Mark W. Clark
in northwest Africa.
Victory Ball Report
Shows Profit of $1000
Incomplete returns on the profits
from the recent Victory Ball show a

2. An announcement that an
Anglo-American military mission
has completed lengthy conferences
with Chinese Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-Shek and Field Marshal' Sir
Alexander Wavell, British com-
mander in India, and reached an
accord on "coordination of offen-
sive plans."
3. Announcement that President
Roosevelt will make a 20-minute
radio speech over all networks at
9:30 p.m., (EWT) tomorrow, dis-
cussing subjects concerned with the
foreign and home fronts.
4. A vigorous expression of oppo-
sition from Maj.-Gen. Lewis A.
Hershey, Director of Selective Sen-
ice, to restrictions on drafting f -
thers. He told the House Military
Committee that "in the next two
or three months the greatmajority
of men inducted will be men with
children because there will be no
one else left."
5. Secretary of the Navy Knox
said that Guadalcanal Island would
be "highly useful as a forward
base" in the Pacific now that the
Japanese have been cleared out.
However, he told a press confer-
ence that the Navy does not con-
template an island-by-island cam-
paign toward Tokyo-a course of'
strategy that has been criticized
by some as too long and costly. Just
what the plans are he would not
disclose, saying "we won't speciulate
about our future strategy."
The Senate confirmed Eisenhower's
nomination as a full general prompt-
ly and unanimously.
The formal designation of Eisen-
hower as the Commander-in-Chief in
the Tunisian theater was believed to
indicate that the Anglo-American
forces were about ready for a supreme
effort to throw the Germans and
Italians out of Africa.
There had been indications earlier
that Allied plans were being laid on
the expectation that about mid-Feb-
ruary the end of the rainy season
would allow freer use of mechanized
equipment and planes for an all-out
offensive.
,Churchill Tells
Of Allied Plans
For Offensive
By ROBERT BUNNELLE
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Feb.11.- Winston Chur-
chill, disclosing that nearly half a
million Allied troops now stand in
Africa at the great bridgehead to
Europe and that Casablanca had pro-
duced an immense and detailed Allied
offensive pattern for the next nine
months, solemnly proclaimed today
the Allied resolve to make the Nazis
"burn and bleed" on other fronts as
already they were over nearly the
length of Russia.
In an exuberant appearance before
the House of Commons-where as he
looked out upon the grand vista of
the war he found obvious difficulty in
adhering to what he called "the strie-
a-.ni" n~nnA - c - -r4_ _nr_ _ _ n a_ _n_

Gen. Eisenhower
Given Command
In Tunisian Area
War Secretary Warns Nation of Heavy
American Casualties in Near Future
When Casablanca Strategy Unfolds
By WILLIAM T. PEACOCK
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.-New Allied blows at all the Axis partners
were strongly hinted today in a series of developments capped by a grim
admonition from Secretary of War Stimson that the nation must steel
tself for heavy American casualties, "perhaps in the near future."
All pointing toward early unfolding of the strategy mapped by Presi-
dent Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill at Casablanca to bring about
"unconditional surrender" of the enemy were these actions in addition to
Stimson's warning:
1. Nomination of Lieut.-Gen. Dwight Eisenhower to be a full gen-
eral and disclosure that he has been given command of all Allied sea,

air and lad forces engaging the
Axis ini the Tunisian area. Only
three other Americans hold the
rank of general: John J. Pershing,
the World War commander; Chief
of Staff George C. Marshall, and
Douglas MacArthur, commander in
the Australian area.

4

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