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March 23, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-03-23

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Wather
Warmer

Vr. LI, No. 119 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 23, 1943

PRICE FIVE CNTS

$1,600 Given
To Red Cross
By 'U' Men
Quota Exceeded by
$600; Contributions
Still Being Accepted
Going over their $1,000 quota by
$600, the men of the University have
now officially ended their Red Cross
membership drive although contribu-
tions may be turned in to the Michi-
gan Union Student Offices until the
end of March.
This drive was directed by Bunny
Crawford, '44, of the Union. He di-
vided his committee into teams with
a $100 quota assigned to each. The
team led by Allan Mayerson, '45
beat the other groups by turning in
$376.50.
Houses 100 Per Cent
All the houses on campus were 100
per cent In their donations to the
drive, but many were 100 per cent
in their purchase of a dollar member-
ships.
Among the dormitories, the Michi-
gan House was the only resident to
be 100 per cent in the purchase of
memberships. The Guild and Lincoln
House among the cooperatives and
Alpha Kappa Psi and Alpha Chi
Sigma among the professional fra-
termities also were 100 per cent.
26 Fraternities 100 Per Cent-
Twenty-six fraternities pledged
themselves 100 per cent in the pur-
chase of memberships. These houses
include Acacio, Alpha Delta Phi, Beta
Theta Pi, Chi Phi, Chi Psi, Delta Kap-
pa Epsilon, Delta Tau Delta, Kappa
Nu, Kappa Sigma, Lamba Chi Alpha,
Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta,
Phi Kappa Psi, Phi Sigma Kappa, Phi
Sigma Delta and Pi Lambda Phi.
Other fraternities in this group are
Psi Upsilon, Sigma Alpha Epsilon,
Sigma Alpha Mu, Sigma Chi, Sigma
Nu, Sigma Phi Epsilon, Theta Chi,
Theta Delta Chi, Triangle and Zeta
Beta.Tau.
Ruthven Nelson
Will Speak at
Rackham Today
Role of University
In Inter American
Relations To Be Topic
Dr. Alexander G. Ruthven, Presi-
dent of the University, and Prof. J.
Raleigh Nelson, Counselor to Foreign
Students, will speak at 8 p.m. today
in the Rackham Amphitheatre on
"The Contributions of the University
to Inter-American Relations" in the
first of a series of lectures sponsored
by the Latin-American Society, Ed-
ward Franzetti, president of the so-
ciety,. announce yesterday.
'The Latin - American Societ,
conscious of its responsibility as an
international institution represent-
ing every nation of the western hem-
isphere, offers its contribution to the
University's program for the devel-
opment of Inter -Americanism
through these talks," Franzetti said.
"Coupled with the series of articles
we are presenting on Latin-Ameri-
can countries, these lectures are in-
tended to present a foundation for
a clear understanding of a true and
permanent Inter - Americanism,"
Franzetti added.

Dr. Jorge Callarino of Ecuador will
conclude the discussion with a short
talk on the University of Quito and
its relations to the University.
'I feel that this program will make
a great contribution to the interest
of the community in Latin-American
affairs," Prof. Nelson said. "The
speakers are all well qualified to rep-
resent their countries."
Subjects of later lectures include
an outline of the political situation
in Brazil, a survey of conditions in
Paraguay and a discussion of every-
day Mexico.
Allied Troops Crush
Japs in New Guinea
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, March 23, Tuesday-
Allied ground troops advancing slow-
ly up the northern coast of New
Guinea have killed mnore than 700
Japanese troops and now completely
occupy the Mambare River area,
only 100 miles south of the strong

Montgomery'9s
Forces Strike
IMareth Linte
Yank Troops Capture
1,400 Prisoners in
Drive Across Tunisia
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, March 22.- Gen.
Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's British
Eighth Army was reported tonight
to have slugged its way through its
first objectives in the Mareth Line
on a six-mile front, while American
armored forces captured 1,400 Axis
prisoners as they swept across south-
central Tunisia toward the Gulf of
Gabes.
The Eighth Army, thrusting be-
tween the sea and the Mareth Road,
was said to have overcome severe
Axis opposition and deep mine fields
in its initial plunge into the formid-'
able Mareth fortifications, manned
by Marshal Erwin Rommel's German
veterans.
Rommel Inactive
As the Nazis fought bitterly to
prevent their stronghold being
pierced from the south, Lieut. George
S. Patton Jr.'s Americanrcolumns 70
miles to the northwest reached the
edge of the Tunisian coastal plain
within 50 miles of the Mediterranean
at one point.
Rommel had not yet mounted a
real counterattack against the
Americans moving to cut him off
from northern Tunisia and force
him into a "last stand" at the Mar-
-eth fortifications. Either his arm-
ored forces were pinned down by
the British assault from the southi
or he was awaiting a better strategi-
cal moment to strike back.
Armored Corps Presses on
.Patton's heavily-armored columns
were ready for any eventuality and
showed no signs of slowing down in
their methodical, crushing advance
toward the coast.
The weather held good again to-
day, 'and Allied aerial operations
were reported on the same huge
scale as on Saturday and Sunday,
when hundreds of planes bombed
the.enemy'sndiminishing foothold in
the uIn cessatly.
Patton's drive was two-pronged,
one -following the railroad -connect-
Aig, Gafsa and Maknassy with Ma-
hares on the coast, the other striking'
from El Quetar eastward through
captured Bou Hamran.
College Heads
D 0
Discuss War
Time Troubles
EAST LANSING, March 22.-(/P)-
The presidents of Michigan colleges
and universities today drew a gloomy
picture of their functions during
wartime beset by determination to
maintain peacetime educational
standards as far as possible and still
meet the requirements of the armed
services and industry.
John A. Hannah, President of
Michigan State College, welcomed
the annual Presidents' conference by
asserting, "The pressures of the
Army and Navy and of industry, and
the financial measures needed to
keep institutions alive, have a ten-
dency to lose sight of the obligation
of preserving at least the skeleton of
a free liberal education so we can
expand when the war is over."
President Alexander G. Ruthven
of the University of Michigan said
he and Hannah were informed by
"men who should know" that the

number of coeds attending college
would be reduced 25 per cent next
year.

U.S. Bombers
Hit JapHeld
Kiska Island
Rain 47 Tons of Bombs
On Advance Stronghold
During Nine Hour Raid
By EUGENE BURNS
Associated Press Correspondent
AN ADVANCE ALASKA BASE,
March 15.- (Delayed)- The Jap-
eradication program at Kiska was
stepped up to unprecedented pro-
portions today as American Army
light and heavy bombers, covered
by bomb-carrying fighters, dropped
more than 47 tons on the enemy-
held island.
The 11th Air Force Headquarters
set the exact figure at 94,540 pounds.
Our grinning pilots and sweating
ground crews established five firsts
for Alaska in the day-long opera-
tions:
Six Raids in a Day
It was the heaviest raid on Jap-
held Kiska. Last Oct. 2, 30 tons
were dropped in one day. Five days
ago, March 10, 26 tons were dropped.
It was the first time that six raids
hit the Kiska Japs in a day.
It was the longest day of Jap-
raiding. The Jap was dodging be-
hind his Rat Island revetment by
9:45 a.m., when the first bomb shook
the ground, and he was still hud-
dling in his frozen shelter at 6:46
p.m., when the last 20 planes arrived.
That was nine hours and one minute
of punishment.
72 Planes Make Raid
It was the first time that 2,000-
pound bombs had been dropped in
the Alaska operations.
The Japs counted more star-span-
gled planes over Kiska than ever
before-at least 72.
One fighter pilot was reported to
have lost his life, which recalled the
statement Admiral William F. Hal-
sey, Jr., once made to his aircraft
carrier men: "Any one of you is
worth more than a million Japs."
Lieut Muncie
To Arrive Here
WAAC Officer Will
Meet Girls Tomorrow
Lieut. Nina Muncie, WAAC re-
cruiting officer from Detroit, will be
at the War Information Center in the
League tomorrow and at the local
CVDO office tomorrow, Thursday and
Friday to answer questions concern-
ing recruiting in the WAAC forces.
Enrollment in the Women's Army
Auxiliary Corps is open to all women
citizens, regardless of race, creed or
color, who are between the ages of
21 and 44 and who have no depen-
dents less than 14 years of age, pro-
vided they can meet the physical re-
quirements.
College women meeting these qual-
ifications may enroll in the corps and,
upon request, may be placed on an in-
active status until completion of the
current school year or the school
course in which they are now en-
rolled, provided that course can be
completed in less than one year.
According to the U. S. Army An-
nouncement to College Women, there
are many jobs in the WAAC's open to
alert college women . . . jobs vital to
the war . . . that will also train
women for interesting new careers
in the post-war world. The essential
military work taken over by the

WAAC forces will enable the Army
to free more soldiers for active com-
bat duty.

Wilhelmshaven Blasted by Heavy
Yankee Bombers for Third Time;
Reds Seize Rail Center of Durovo

Drive on Sinolensk
Continues; Soviets
Stabilizing Front
In Southern 11Sector
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 22.-Red Army
columns driving toward the great
German base of Smolensk today cap-
tured the railroad town of Durovo
and 40 localities just to the north,
the Soviets announced, while to the
south the Russian lines appeared to
be stabilizing on the long front from
Belgorod to below Kharkov against
the German counteroffensive.
Capture 40 Places
The Russian offensive on the cen-
tral front rolled into the 40 populated
places, south of Bely, in one heavy
surge toward Smolensk today, and
5,550 Germans have been killed in
the last three days in one sector of
this front, the midnight communique
as recorded by the Soviete Monitor
announced.I
In their noon communique the
Russians reported capture of Durovo,
only 57 miles from Smolensk on the
main railroad to Moscow.
The Germans launched fierce
counterattacks against SZoviet col-
umns converging on Smolensk, but
all these attacks were broken with
heavy Nazi casualties, the war bulle-
tin declared.
One height which the Germans
had strongly fortified was stormed
and captured south of Beay, despite
defenses of tanks dug into the earth,
and artillery and mortar batteries,
the Russians said.
Donets Basin Unchanged
The Berlin radio acknowledged that
the Russians had made a "local
breach in the German defense lines
due west of Moscow."
Russian and German reports both
indicated little change on the Donets
front to the south where the Soviets
appeared to be holding against the
German counteroffensive.
Ration Data Is
Due This Week
All University houses which serve
less than 50 people must turn in
their inventories of -goods on hand
along with their No. 2 ration books
this week to Mrs. Neva Heath in the
Chamber of Commerce Building,
Walter B. Rea, assistant dean of
students, warned yesterday.
This inventory must include a
complete listing of the number of
pounds of food on hand in three
classifications:
1) Canned soups, fruits, vegeta-
bles, and fruit and vegetable juices;
2) Commercially frozen fruits and
vegetables;
3) Dried and dehydrated fruits.
To date only half of the houses*
have reported, Dean Rea said. This
means that about 35 fraternities,
sororities, league houses, coopera-
tives, and boarding houses must turn
in their accounts this week.
The office, which is located on the
corner of Fourth and Ann Street will
be open every day but Wednesday
and Saturday afternoons.

Two Highspots in the Battle for Russia

a RUSSIA
ye ,.le Kab nin*\Ad
Lok,
e Rzhev
'We 0.MOSCOWV
Durovo
SMOLENSK VyazmRyzan
-Tula
Mogilov
EAST OF SMOLENSK- nsk
Russian Units Advance: [EAST OF KHARKOV
Nazi Resistance Grows Heavy German Forces
In Baggy Battle fields ISeek New Bridgehead
r vsk On Donef s River Bank
* -
SVoronezh
Konotop , Kursk a Voronezl
Kiev1 Sumy 60#Begorod 9,
KHA OV h uguev
Kupyansk
S 4
Ln topropetrovs n
L 0 iUU Taganro
SATf MI00 RSTV
IsES , ..........

Rolling slowly westward In the direction of Smolensk, Red Army
troops cleared enemxy detachments along the upper Dnieper River to
the Vyazma-Smolensk railroad, Moscow said. In the Kharkov area
Axis troops reached the upper Donets and recaptured Chuguev, Berlin
reports said, while maintaining pressure all along the middle Donets.
Germans also claimed capture of Sevsk.
TWO LEADERS ON PEACE:
Hull,.Madame Chiang Kai-Shek
Give Views on Post -War Plans

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 22.-Secre-
tary of State Hull expressed belief
today that a Senate declaration for
a post-war collective security sys-
tem-proposed in a resolution by four
Senators-would be helpful at home
and abroad.
Hull, who has been conferring with
British Foreign Secretary Anthony
Eden on post-war problems, said he
thought that those who favored some
definite arrangement and organiza-
tion to insure peace after the war
would be inclined to support such a
declaration, thus encouraging many'
who might otherwise become con-
fused.
At the Capitol, a majority of the
nine "Freshman" Senators were re-
ported opposed to action at this time
on the resolution calling for political
and military collaboration by the
United Nations in war and peace.
Twenty-six of the 55 new Republican
members of the House earlier had
pledged their support of the proposal,
scheduled to come before the Senate
Relations Committee on Wednesday.
The nine Senators, who have
formed a loose-knit organization and
voted as a unit at times, discussed the
proposal informally today with Sen-I
ator McNary of Oregon, the Republi-
can leader.

By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, March 22.-Madame
Chiang Kai-Shek declared tonight
failure of the League of Nations and
earlier alignments of powers "does
not invalidate the possibility and the
necessity for concerted effort" in win-
ning and preserving peace.
"Only with concerted vigilance and
action by the United Nations, and
later by others who will have gained
the wisdom of adhering to the prin-
ciples of 'live and let live,' would
this world be rendered per-durable
for peace," the wife of the Chinese
Generalissimo asserted in an address
prepared for delivery to a mass meet-
ing in Chicago Stadium.
"We are aware that organized ef-
fort is nothing new," Madame Chiang
said. "In ancient Greece there was
the Confederacy of Delos. Coming
nearer to the modern age, there was
the Congress of Vienna. Then, in our
own time, emerged the League of
Nations.
"The reason for the failure of
these efforts are not far to seek. The
Greek confederacy sought to combine
the Hellenic states against Persia, but
they soon forgot the purpose of their
aim and fell to bickering amongst
themselves. The Congress of Vienna
meant no more than the hegemony
of the Austria that Metternich con-
ceived. The main cause for the fail-
ure of the League of Nations had its
root in the narrowness of vision of
those by whom it was created, and,
being recent, will be adjudged by pos-
terity.
FDR Asks No
Halt in W.ork
WASHINGTON, March 22.-( -
President Roosevelt pointedly re-
minded John L. Lewis tonight that
any wage increase negotiated for coal
miners would be subject to review
by the War Labor Board, and simul-
taneously the Board refused to recede
from its "Little Steel" formula for
holding wages in check..
Mr. Roosevelt stepped into the soft
coal contract dispute with a tele-
graphed request to mine operators
and Lewis, head of the United Mine
Workers, for continued production if

Flying Fortresses
And Liberators
Rain Explosives on
Huge Naval Base
By The Associated Press
AT A U.S. BOMBER BASE IN
ENGLAND, March 22.- Big U.S.
Flying Fortresses and Liberators
ranged over Germany today to plas-
ter the huge German naval base at
Wilhelmshaven for the third time,
smacking their bombs down upon
the docks in one of the heaviest'and
most accurate attacks of the U.S.
Eighth Air Force.
Several hundred tons of bom s
were rained down upon the strategic
base.
Fight Running Battle
The bombers fought a. running
battle with Nazi fighters from the
German coast to the target, and
back again, shooting down "a nui6-
ber" of them.
Three of the heavy bombers were
lost, a communique announced
The raid-coming while British
bombers were slashing at targets n
the Netherlands and in northern
France-was pointed against ship-
ping installations at the naval base
in a target area only a few hundr.d
feet in diameter.'-
The weather was excellent for
bombing "and results were good'"
the communique announced.
'Target Packed With Rita'
"The target was packed with hiits,
and they were concentrated, i th
none short or long of the targ9W
said Lieut. Roger Qaukin," o
Angeles, bombardier of the o
"chuckWagon,".pilte by - L t
Charles Cramer, of, Akron,
"I don't see how we cl, bA4
done anyfthinig but deitrky all UI'
was under that large mjas of 0~M
ouflage," Caukin addid, "
Lieut. Charles Maleo, of Omaha,
Neb., bombardier of tp Forress
"Gopher," said he saw "two bombs
hit right across the end of the slips."
The "Gopher" is the lead shipof
"The Boomerang Boys," which, true
Turn to Page4, Col. 4
Singtime Tickets
To Go on Sale
Half-Price Rate for
All Men in Uniform
Tickets for the Manpower Corps
sponsored Singtime-a symphony, in
song will go on sale tomorrow in the
Bookstores, Union and League.
Dick Cole, Manpower publicity
chairman, especially urged. service
men to attend the April 8 conert
in Hill Auditorium, and he said yes-
terday that all men in unifort
would be able to go to the concert
for half price. "Th program has
been planned for them as much -s
the students, and we hope to see. a
representative group of soldiersjin
the audience."1
Special booths will be set up near
the barracks so that soldiers mn.y
buy their tickets before the program.
Lists will be placed in sororities, ira-
ternities, dormitories and coopera-
tives, and students may sign for the
tickets which will be delivered the
day before the concert by the Corps.
The spring concert, unique in Uni-
versity history, is planned around
the singing of popular light classics.
The University Woman'slee--Club
will be joined by a chqrus of the
"best" male voices, on oaampus to sn
"Rhapsody'in Blue"*and "On the
Trail."
Proceeds from the concert will add

to the Bomber Scholarship and will
provide music scholarships for two
members of the Glee Club.
McNutt Sees 'Labor
Draft' as Inevitable
WASHINGTON, March 22.-(jP)--
Paul V. McNutt, the War Manpower
Commissioner, asserted today a com-
pulsory National Service Act is "in-
evitable," but the timing is up to the
President and Congress.
"Meanwhile," McNutt told a press

PURCHASING HEADACHE:
Point System Complicates Feeding Problem

By BERYL SHOENFIELD
A colossal headache Is in store for
Michigan's multi-dutied Purchasing
Department, which deals with every-
thing from alligators to dried prunes,
from coal to Japanese texts, when
it tackles in earnest the University
feeding problem on the new point
system.
The gargantuan inventory of Uni-
versity canned goods was completed
on Feb. 28, and the weight of the
cans translated into points: 7,000,000
of them. Further records show that
a total of 1,093,000 points' worth was
consumed during the month of De-
cember alone. In ordinary times this
supply would last seven months; now
it wl l i a- f n 4ra fnw - 't a

Service, however, will be permitted
additional units of rationed food, be-
cause of the special nature of diets,
which includes large quantities of
fruit juices.
Only the Law Quad, Martha Cook
and the Union do not fall under the
Purchasing Department's jurisdic-
tion, as they do their own purchasing.
This is the simplified version of
point rationing on campus, according
to harrassed Walter L. Bulbick, pur-
chasing agent. But the duties of
Bulbick and confreres do not end
here. The tasks are, in fact, varied
and legion, not the least of these
being to provide University labora-

spite the University's priorities on
them.
Unloading pigs, sheep, rattlesnakesI
and Gila monsters is just part of a
day's work for the Purchasing De-
partment. Even the uncomm"on Pal-
estinian hanster is old stuff now.
But once in a while there's a little
trouble, like the time the medical
researcher said he just simply could
not use the three little suckling pigs
sent him; they were black pigs, and
he wanted white pigs-so that measle
spots would show up!
And one hot July day, after
an equine fugitive from the glue fac-.
tory had collapsed in an experimental
lab. the Purchasing Department was

Department stop with points and
pigs?
No, says Bulbick; no.
With the advent of the Army on
campus, textbooks, technical instru-
ments and bedding had to be secured
in quantity-and in a hurry. When
texts cannot be obtained quick
enough, temporary mimeographed
copies must be run off.
Equipment Poses Problem
The new batch of emergency train-
ing engineers offer additional prob-
lems: books cannot be supplied yet
as the curriculum hasn't been ap-
proved. Aluminum and lenses for
engineering needs are intangible now.
Runbink and emn-rm m nst rnn

I

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