IM,IiiiC iiJ.GAIN DAi
13-ui Dltt; :Viiikci -I'li, i i-21
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MERR GO6 WE ROUND
By DREW PEARSON
John Erlewine. .
Bud Brimmer .
Marion Ford. .
James Conant .
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
* * . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
* . . - Business Manager
. Associate Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
. Women's Advertising Manager
Edward J. Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg
Mary Lou Curran
NIGHT EDITOR: MARJORIE BORRADAILE
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Clarification of U.S.
Policy Is Necessary
PRESIDENT Roosevelt and various other of-
ficials have outlined in their talks a series of
war aims, of principles upon which we may ex-
pect the peace to be laid. But from what we hear
of the attitude of individuals throughout the
country we wonder just how far the nation is
behind the administration.
We have in Congress Rep. Clare Booth Luce,
with her cynical, domineering attitude toward
the rest of the world. We have 'others who are
pure isolationists. And there are plenty of indi-
viduals who still believe that the grab-while-you-
can attitude is the only way to security.
When it was suggested lately that the Senate
go on record with a resolution in support of a
detailed post-war plan strong objections were
raised. It is not desirable now to start a contro-
versy which would result in national disunity,
and a highly detailed proposal would do just that.
But there should be no objection now to the
greement on several broad principles, those
same principles which would be supported by
T should be made unmistakably clear that the
United Nations will tolerate no dictatorships,
former reactionaries, or quisling governments, in
Europe; the foundation for the peace should be
democratic principles, sanctioned by democra-
Plans should be made for relief operations in
the war-torn areas, with distribution of aid
based upon human need rather than upon politi-
cal considerations, and financing provided
through continuation of lend-lease.
There should be an American understanding
with Great Britain and Russia similar to the
Anglo-Russian 20-year alliance and mutual
There should, moreover, be an understanding
thap some organ of cooperation and means for
settlement of disputes will be established after
As opinion has it now there will be two chief
obstacles to the inauguration of such a peace.
There is some doubt expressed as to whether the
Soviet.Union will cooperate with the democracies,
and there is even more doubt as to whether the
United States Congress will act in accord with
THE American public is suspicious of Russia.
According to theory her logical actions after
the war will be to spread Communism throughout
Europe. But if we examine the issue more close-
ly, we find that every sign indicates otherwise.
The safest position for Russia, as for every other
country, is as part of a real collective system.
However, the Soviet leaders have no convincing
evidence that Americans mean business when
they talk about collective security. Soviet dis-
trust of our motives could be one of the strongest
factors in spreading Communism, for we would
have Russia pulling against us, instead of with
us to bring a democratic peace.
The Anglo-Russian mutual security pact
does intend to cooperate with Russia after the
war is over. Russia has as yet no such assur-
ance from us.
As for the Congress, it appears very possible
that it might set up the same barriers this time
as it did after the First World War, when the
Senate rejected the Versailles Treaty and refused
to join the League of Nations.
It seems that a declaration of American
policy along broad lines would not only be a
YOU pick up some odd stories in bull-sessions
around The Daily. This one may not be'
entirely fact, but there's enough in it to make it
worth passing on.
It seems that the word had gotten around
that a wealthy local socialite was about to pub-
lish a book on the Caribbean. An enterprising
Daily sophomore showed up at the wciuld-be
author's swanky Ann Arbor apartment to investi-
gate the story, and maybe to get a free book.
You get all kinds of experiences working for
a paper-Will Sapp was almost lynched once
in Manchester, Mich., for ordering a long-
Iandled shovel at the hardware store. The
towti, at the time, was looking for a murderer.
But the thrill that this sophomore got 'out of
interviewing Mr.-let's call him Bullwinkle-
tops them all.
Our reporter couldn't find Bullwinkle's name
in the phone book, but hunted down his apart-
ment just the same., A hunched old woman an-
swered the bell.
"Come back in an hour," she whispered, and
closed the door again.
He came back in an hour, and was met by,
Bullwinkle, this time. There were five minutes
during which the reporter thought he'd wandered'
into a rehearsal of the "Crime Does Not.Pay"
series. Bullwinkle, in gaudy slippers and well-
tailored coat, was not exactly cordial. 'What
do you know about the book?" he growled,.
The book, it turned out, was not about the
Caribbean. It was about an Indiana steel inill
in which Bullwinkle had worked for two weeks.
It was not an expose, not even a biting satire on
the troubles of labor and management .t was
a sentimental, almost mushy, story of four men
and a factory, and how they all ate their meals
in the same lunch room-a Greek, a German, a.
Negro, and Bullwinkle.
It wasn't a very good book.I Bullwinkle, after
he realized that the Daily reporter didn't know
what was going on, began to be frank about the
whole thing. In fact, it would sell on its cur-.
rent events appeal alone.
If the public knew that it was written by an
author who turned crane-operator for' two weeks
to get material for his book. it wouldn't sell at
all, Bullwinkle told The Daily sophomore. But
if people thought that a poor, ignorant crane-
operator was moved by the human drama about
him to take a couple of nights off and -write it
down- That's human interest. People go for,
SO BULLWINKLE and the publishers have it
all figured. The day the book ls published,
Bullwinkle will be photographed in the Indiana
steel mill, operating his old crane.
Men from all the big papers will be there.
Why did you write this book, they will ask him.
Because I was touched by the hardness and
goodness of the simple people about me, Bull-
winkle will answer in a few well-prepared words.
Will you leave your job as crane-operator, and
become a professional author, the reporters will
then want to know. Bullwinkle has been waiting
for this one.
"No," he will say, throwing out his steel-worker
chest, "I will stay right here with these good
nt-nnlp. nroduinan thp tools for vornv.
-y SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YRK-Sidney Kingsleydoes not hold
any public office,,uless a sepeancy in theArmy,
may be described as such.- I 'uijpose most of our
.Congressmen have never iegrd of hiim, though
I imagine they have heard of the Dead End kids,
Whom he invented, and whom' some of the isola-
tionists seem inclined 'to 'imitate.
Yet by -writing "The Patrots," which has re-
cently opened on Brdadway, Mr. Kingsley has
become a political',figure of some conseuende.
You may ask what, precisely, has hlie done 'to
make him so? I answer that' he has writtn an
accurate and moving-play about Thomas Jeffer-
son. You may then say, what of it; there is noth-
ing new about Thomas Jefferson, we know about
Thomas Jefferson, he wrote the Declaratior of
Independence and invented the dumbwate.
That is. not the point.The pointi that we
have needed Tho jas Jefferson's helpIn di-
cussing: our problens, and Thomaaj asseepink
i the library. Mr.Kingsley. has m 9de_ a
over him, and revived him. and brought him to
life, so that from now on, eight times a wek
on Broadway, Thomas Jefferson will be debat-
ing the future of America, to the constemation
of such men as Mr. Hoffman of Michigan and
Mr. Cox of Georgia, who have believed smugly
that they would have the discussion a to
It is a dirty trick on the Hoffmans and Coxes
to bring Thomas Jefferson back. They thought
they had only Harry Hopkins to contend,with.
And this dirty trick is the beautiful and inspired
dirty trick which artists have always played on
Mr. Kingsley's play has already driven somft
of his critics into acute melancholia. 'They do
not see why on earth Thomas Jefferson has 'to
come along, at a time like this, and raise 'the
questions of' whether one loves the people very
much, and what one proposes to do for their fu-
tures. They resenttliis, as an. unwarrAted inter-
ruption of certain -griubby little discussions that
had been going on, concerning how many civil
servants' can stand on the point of a needle, and
whether bureaucrats have wings.
And some I've heard sto whom the intrusion
of Thomas Jefferson at a time like this Is an
irrevelancy. What really hurts them, I think
is that Jeffersoi makes 'them feel it is they
who are irrelevant, when,"with -the ftture ot
mankind at stake, they.raise horrid shrill cries
over states' rights and the temperature in -a.
Ickes' office-at a time like thi.'
For Mr. Jefferson, through Mr. Kingsley, gives
them the worrisome feeling that he is talking
about social security, and a decent peace, even
though his dialogue never steps out of chronodg-
ical bounds in these haunting and .- thrilling
That's an infuriating way for adead mnan to
behave. What's going to become of politics if,
after a thick layer of. obscurity has beenl laid
'down nicely and carefully over everything, an
army sergeant and a dead man get togethe' and
make a clear voice issue to the contry; oh
Broadway, no less, more than' 200 riles from.
No wonder the artist has always been hated.
He does not even have to be elected to anythng
to speak up louder than the pride of any seven
back counties. And no wonder the theatre has
been looked upon with misgiving, too. it can, and
WASHINGTON - With about
forty days to go before it will be
too late to plant for this season,
Congress is still locked in a politi-
Cal battle over one basic part of
the farm program.
It involves the Farm Security
Administration, which drew up a
program for moving a tremen-
dous army of 325,000 men to
plant and harvest crops. A re-
quest was sent to Congress for
$65,000,000 to pay for this mi-
But - Congress immediately cut
the $65,000,000 to a meagre $26,-
000,000, which completely ham-
strings the program.
The two backstage actors in
this deal are two well-known
farm-cronies - Congressman
Clarence Cannon of Missouri,
Chairman of the House Appro-
priations Committee, and Ed
American and British Quakers
have attained a unique place in the
troubled countries of Europe. At
every tough spot where refugees
donverge or politically irregular
persons are in question, the Ameri-
can Friends Service is at the liaison
duties providing food, clothing,
transortation, goodwill and one
last chance. Some of the character-
istics which seem to be beneath the
surface are: Silence. The training
in their meeting houses in that art
which William Penn stood for in
early American history has resulted
in confidence. Senerity is in evi-
dence. There is a mystical confi-
dence in God which transcends cir-
cumstance and gives to the
"Friend" an attractive mien. To
the consumer these two vi tal char-
acteristics spell supreme strength.
o'ourage abounds. When Dr. Rufus
Jones and his associate, without
defense nor show of strength nor
guards nor hidden weapons nor
ways of escape nor even guidance
from their government, stood for
an hour in the Gestapo headquar-
ters behind those cruel electrified
walls beyond which lie buried the
secrets of hundreds of thousands of
innocent Jews and anti-Nazi Ger-
mAns, they exhibited real courage.
"Jesus, during the three trials be-
fore Annas, Herd, and Pilate in
remote Palestine, gave us the at-
tern," they said.
Ethical monotheism may be
the secret. Professor Lery Wat-
Irman In his book. "Religion
Faces the World Crises" says,
"As surely as men come to treat
other personalities with the same
deference they accord their own,
the main causes of persecution
and hatred ... disappear." (149)
Apparently there are three
s6urces calling for study If one
is to understand the practical
grandeur of these silent knights
without armour: (a) The later
prophets of Israel, Amos, Hosea
and Isaiah being outstanding;
(b) Jesus' Parables, about 40 of
which are scattered through the
Gospels; and (c) Jesus' conduct
made vivid'in Christian worship.
"We were in silent prayer," re-
Plied Dr. Rufus Jones when asked
what he and associates did when
left alone in the dictaphone-sur-
rounded walls of the Gestapo head-
-quarters while the Nazi police con-
fetred. Prayer, then, is a fourth
- But these all seem mechanical
and our enumeration of these
graces appears artificial. The
"inner light" of these Quakers is
transcendent and mystical. There
seems to be an objective nemesis
In civilization by which the ma-
,terial creations of genius turn
about and choke the inventor
himself. The man who will lead
us out of that deadlock will rank
above the chemist or physicist or
bacteriologist and be the real
leader of reconstruction.
On this .theme is launched the
novelist, the poet and an occasional
saint. Many of them are in prison,
some are on their way to the psy-
chiatric wards, but the Quakers
have millions to spend and are the
most loved exponents of faith and
liberty in our era. While churches
and preachers and councils are cur-
tailed by power and confused by
the aggressions of Fascism around
the globe, these simple-minded, di-
rect Quakers in, relative freedom
serve their fellow-men.
-E. W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
gtessmen agreeing dismally that
bureaucracy is the Issue, and with
so many theatre managers agree-
ing avidly that girl shows are, after
all, what we need, Mr. Kingsley
has issued a two-fingered whistle,
4. Un ~m mwnvLr.dAhmwvp anA ha_
O'Neal, President of the Ameri-
can Farm Bureau Federation.
Between them, Cannon and
O'Neal come closer to dictating
farm policies than almost any
two men in the country. Their
ideas affect millions of farmers
-and today many more millions
Both Cannon and O'Neal see red
on the question of Farm Security
Administration. To them it really.
means Brain Trusters, Rex Tug-
well and Rural Resettlement. They
conjure up the old bogey of "so-
cialization" of American agricul-
ture and bring out of the Capitol
closet the skeleton of the Tugwell-
Eleanor Roosevelt project at Ar-
thursdale, W. Va.
A CTUALLY, the FSA is now
streamlined, has got away from
such things. But O'Neal and Can-
non, still living in thenpast, are
ready to block* the entire farm
labor program because they still
Meanwhile, the worried White
House is yielding to this pressure.
A confidential adviser of the Pres-
ident's told Secretary of Agricul-
ture Wickard to set up another
agency to deal with farm labor,
since FSA was so much in the
Result is that the House Com-
mittee not only slashed the farm
labor funds, but took the entire
program out of FSA and handed
it over to the Extension Service.
Extension Service is equipped to
handle local recruiting of farm
workers - bringing out the school
children, housewives, and mer-
chants - but it cannot handle a
federal program requiring inter-
state action. The FSA plan calls
for moving 275,000 seasonal work-
ers, plus 50,000 year-round work-
ers, and involves a deal with the
Mexican Government to bring in
50,000 Mexicans, plus a deal with
the Duke of Windsor for importing
Bahamans for fruit and vegetable
harvests in Florida.,
(copyright, 1943, United Features Synd.)
JLo27he o6 dior
.,. YBARRA'S lecture here
Thursday was without doubt
one of the most disappointing
events held on campus this year
and was certainly far below the
usual high standard of the Ora-
torical Association offerings. It is
almost unbelievable that a well-
informed speaker could present an
intelligent audience with such an
inadequate treatment of a vital
Known to have had wide ex-
perience as a correspondent and
author, aside from spending his
early years in Venezuela, Ybarra
attracted a group of professors,
students, and townspeople who
were anxious to hear his views
on the 'future place of Latin-
America. Instead, he spent most
of his time on the elementary
facts of South American geog-
raphy and population.
HlE PRESENTED a speech con-
sisting of information that
has long been common knowledge
to almost everyone who attended.
And he gave it in a ridiculously
simplified manner. No audience
likes to feel that it is being "talked
down to", and this would espe-
cially apply to an audience in a
university town, where a good
number of the people in the audi-
torium were themselves well-in-
formed, if not experts, on the sub-
The blame for this unfortunate
presentation lies, perhaps not so
much with Ybarra himself, as with
the people who advise him on his
subject matter. If he was not al-
ready aware that an Ann Arbor
audience does not have to be told
that Portuguese is spoken in Bra-
zil and there are large numbers of
Germans in Argentina, then some-
one should have explained to him
the composition of a campus
group. When a man of his wide
background speaks in such an
overly-simplified fashion, people
are likely to be disillusioned in
him, not only as a lecturer, but as
a writer as well.
- Betty Koffman
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 3)
emy of Science, Arts, and Letters, on Fri-
day, March 26, at 4:15 p.m. in the Kellogg
Auditorium. The public is invited.
University Lecture: Colonel Edgar Ers-
kine Hume, Medical Corps, U.S. Army,
will lecture on the subject, "The Health
Activities of the U.S. Army in Wartime,"
under the auspices of the Medical, Dental,
Public Health and Pharmacy Schools, on
Tuesday, March 30, at -4:15 p.m. In the
Kellogg Foundation Institute Auditorium.
The public is invited.
Lecture: Dr. Dow V. Baxter, Associate
Professor of Silvics and Forest Pathology
at the University of Michigan, will lec-
ture on the subject, "Alaska", under the
auspices of Sigma Gamma Epsilon and the
Geology Department, on Tuesday, March
23 at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre. The public is invited.
Spanish lecture: "Espana: Fuente de la
Cultura Hispano-Americano," by Dr. Char-
les N. Staubach, under the auspices of La
Sociedad Hispanica, on Tuesday, March
23. at 4:15 p.m., in Room D, Alumni Me-
Lecture: Dr. C. Sverre Norborg, Pro-
fessor of Philosophy at the University of
Minnesota, will lecture on the subject,
"Does Christianity Square with the
Facts?", under the auspices of the Com-
mittee for Dynamic Christianity (affill-
ated with the Student Religious Associa-
tion), on Thursday, 'March 25, at 8:00
p.m. in the Rackham Lecture Hall. The
public Is invited.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will meet
on Tuesday, March 23. at 7:30 p.m., in
Room '319, West Medical Building. "Nico-
tinic Acid and Nicotinamide" will be dis-
cussed. All interested are invited.
Bacteriology 312 Seminar will meet
Tuesday, March 23, at 4:15 p.m. in R oxn
1564 East Medical Building. Subject:
"Epidemic" Rheumatic Fever. All Inter-
ested are invited.
Attention, Marine Reservists: There will
be a short meeting Tuesday, March-23, at
8:30 p.m. in the Union. Study the section
on Mapping in your Manuals.
History 12, Lecture Section I1, mid-
semester wil be given at 2:00 p.m. on
Friday, March 26. The sections of DeVries
and Slosson in 1025 Angell Hall; all others
In Natural Science Auditorium.
The History language examination for
M.A. candidates will be given in Room B
Haven Hall at 4:00 p.m. on Friday, March
26. Students intending-to take this exam-
ination please report immediately to the
History office, 119 Haven Hall.
Bronson-Thomas Prize Competition (for
junior and seniorsstudents in German) to
be held Thursday, March 25, 1:30 to 4:30
p.m., in Room 203 University Hall.
Kothe-Hildner Prize Competition in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre and will be
open to the general public without charge.
Exhibition, College of Architecture and
Desiga: Italian majolica loaned from col-
lection of Detroit Institute of Arts-
pitchers, bowls, plates and tiles of 14th
& 15th centuries; also fragments typical
of several phases of majolica technique.
Ground floor corridor, Architecture Build-
ing. Open daily, 9 to 5, except Sunday.
until March 26. The public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture and
Design: Alpha Alpha Gamma, honor so-
ciety for women In architecture, decor-
ative design, and landscape architecture,
is showing photographs in architecture,
sculpture, and decorative design by prac-
ticing members of the society. Third
floor exhibition room, Architecture Build-
ing. Open daily 9:00 to 5:00, except Sun-
day, through March 31. Open to the
Varsity Glee Club: There will be a spe-
cial rehearsal at 2:00 p.m. today in Hill
Auditorium. Regular club, rehearsal to
follow. No concert Sunday night.
war Activities Movies will be shown
this evening, 8:15-9:15, at the Kellogg
Foundation Institute Auditorium. The
films, "How the airplane has changed
the world map", "Youth with Wings",
"Weather" will be of special interest to
anyone entering the service soon. Open
to the public.
Graduate Outing Club will meet at the
west entrance of the Rackham Building
on Huron Street at 2:30 p.m. today for
a Camera Hike. All graduate and profes-
sional students, with or without camera,
Karl Marx Society will meet today at
3:30 p.m. in Room 302 of the Michigan
Union. Everyone is invited.
The Research Club will meet in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Building,
Wednesday evening, March 24, at 8 o'clock.
The following papers will be presented-
"The Use of Comedy in Kleist's Amphi-
tryon" by Professor H. W. Nordmeyer,
and "Some "Effects ofsMorphine on Tissue
Metabolism" by Professor Mt. H. Seevers.
Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences:
There will be a regular meeting on Mon-
day, March 22, at 7:30 p.m. in Room 304
of the Michigan Union. Dr. Kuethe will
discuss "Aerodynamic Effects in High
Speed Flight." All interested persons are
German Journal Club will meet Mon-
day at 4:15 p.m. in 201 University Hall.
Public Health Club: There will be'a.
luncheon meeting of the Public Health
Club on Wednesday, March 24, in the
Russian Tea Room of the League. All
public health students and faculty are