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March 06, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-03-06

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Weather
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VOL. LI No. 106 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 6, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

New Ration Edict
Governs 'U' Houses;

Food Measure Is
Point-Pound Basis
By PAUL HARSHA
Campus fraternities, sororities and
cooperative houses must file pro-
cessed food inventories on a new
"point-pound" basis, the Detroit Ra-
tion Board advised the Dean of Stu-
dents office last night.
The ruling from Earl Fitzgerald,
Senior Rationing officer in Detroit,
denied these house groups the priv-
lege of reporting their stocks by
number of cans, as originally was
planned, according to Assistant Dean
Walter B. Rea.
Authorized representatives of the
campus' approximately 75 organiza-
tions affected will be required to di-
vide their inventory of the number of
pounds of processed foods on hand
February 28, 1943 in three new clas-
ses under the new ruling.
Three Groups Listed
The groupings are:
1. Canned soups, fruits, vegetables
and fruit and vegetable juices.
2. Commercially frozen fruits and
vegetables.
3. Dried or dehydrated fruits.
Dean Rea traced the following
steps to enable fraternities, sororities
and co-ops to adapt themselves to
the newruling:,
Revise their Feb. 28 invntory of
foodstuffs on hand to fit the three
foregoing point-pound classifications.
Present these, three figures, listed
ona:sieet of paper bearing the name
and address of the house, the name
of the individual submitting the re-
pot ~and the date of the inventory,
together with No. 2 books of all per-
sons eating in the house, to the local
branhh rationing office. This office
is located , in the, .old Chamber of
Commerce Building, corner of Ann
and Fourth Avenue.
Inventory on Point Value
There the inventory will be figured
on a point value schedule announced
as11i points per pound for canned
stock, 13 points for frozen and 18
fints'.fdr dried. Deductions will be
made by ration, authorities from the
No. 2 books to, cover these inventor-
Fitzgerald announced deductions
will. be made only foti the three-
month period of March, April and
May, for campus groups, and that
they will not exceed 4 points per{
month per person,
bean Rea said the ration program
allows every individual a month's al-
lowance of 48 points, and the re-
maining 24 points can be used either
for buying of foods not included in
the inventory or for additional with-
drawals from the stock on hand.-
In each case, to constitute deduc-
tions from the house inventory, point
stamps involved must be taken to the
local ration board for cancellation.-
May 31 Is Next Date
Any balance remaining on hand on
May 31 will be designated as the
starting inventory for the next oper-
ating term, officials said.
Registration forms will be available
at the Chamber of Commerce Build-
ing according to Mrs. Neva Heath,
supervisor of the local ration board
branch office, and inventories can be
filed beginning Saturday, March 6,
and continuing through the week
starting March 8. The office closes
on Wednesday and Saturday after-
noons and Sundays.
House groups who have not yet
registered for ration book No. 2
should do so immediately at the Dean
of Students office in Room 2, Uni-
versity Hall, Dean Rea said. ,
The Dean's Office will discontinue
issuing of No. 2 books to unaffiliated
students tomorrow.

House Cheers
Plea Written
By FDR's Son
Elliott's Fighting Letter
Defends His Brothers
Against Congressmen
By WILLIAM T. PEACOCK
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, March 5.-A burst
of applause from both Republicans
and Democrats greeted reading in the
House today of a plea from one of
the President's sons that he and his
brothers be allowed to "fight without
being stabbed in the back for the
sake of politics" by criticism of their
war records.
Lieut. Colonel Elliott Roosevelt,
writing from North Africa to Rep.
Lanham (Dem.-Tex.), referred with-
out naming the Congressman to
charges by Rep. Lambertson (Rep.-
Kan.) that the President "jerked"
two of his sons from battlefronts.
"Such criticism aimed at men who
are fighting for their country strikes
me as sort of unfair," Roosevelt said.
"They can't answer back. We feel
we are fighting for all America. We
are not in politics. In the forces
there is unity of purpose-the con-
tinuation of American freedom and
American ideals.
"Please explain this fact to your
colleague, and try to explain to him
that we, as soldiers, don't care whe-
ther or how much he disagrees with
the President, but for God's sake let
us fight without being stabbed in the
back for the sake of politics.
"I don't care whether a man is a
Republican or a Democrat. Let's get
together and get this damn war won!
I'm tired and I want to go home and
live in peace on my ranch with my
family. The sooner the better too."
When the applause from both sides
of the chamber ended, Rep. Baldwin
(Rep--N.Y.) declared that Lanham
was "voicing the sentiment of those
on this side of the aisle, too."
OPA Control
Of Meat Sales
Begins April 1
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 5.- Strict
controls over the slaughter of live-
stock and sale of meat, designed to
stamp out black market operations,
will go into effect April 1.
Secretary of Agriculture Wickard,
announcing them today, said he did
not regard the controls as a "cure-all
for the defects in the present meat
situation," but part of a broad pro-
gram which includes consumer ra-
tioning and uniform retail price ceil-
ings.
One order requires all livestock
slaughterers who sell meat, including
farmers and local butchers, to oper-
ate under a permit system. As an
aid to enforcement, each wholesale
cut of meat must be stamped at least
once with the permit number. '
Livestock dealers also must obtain
permits to buy and sell livestock and
keep complete records of their tran-
sactions. While farmers need not
obtain permits, they were asked to
keep records of their purchases and
sales.

27 More ERC
Meni Called to
Active Service
Second Group From
University To Report
For Duty March 15
By STAN WALLACE
Maintaining its speeded-up plan
for calling up Enlisted Reserve Corps
men to active duty, the army yester-
day ordered 27 more University men
to report for service March 15.
The orders were transmitted to Un-
iversity War Board by the Sixth Ser-
vice Command as were those of
Thursday.
Burton Thuma, armed service rep-
resentative on campus, said last night
that "these orders were similar to
the first group we received although
the number is not quite as large."
"It appears that the Army will now
call up all non-deferable ERC men
in this school," Thuma said, "and I
expect the rest of the orders within
the next week."
The University War Board, which
acts as the communicating link be-
tween the men and the Corps head-
quarters, distributed the orders yes-
terday notifying the men by phone.
450 Go by March 20
In all 450, University students will
be called to duty by March 20 if the
present plan continues, Thuma said.
The 450 men are those who were clas-
sified as non-deferable by the army
last month. Deferments were made
on the basis of academic pursuit and
position in college, he said.
Four midwest location centers will
receive the men from this area, ac-
cording to previous Army releases.
Fort Sherridan, Ill,., Camp Grant, Ill.,
Scott Field, Ill., and Camp Custer
are the centers.
Reiterating the statement he made
yesterday, Thuma advised "students
to remain in school if possible. The
orders are coming here and a delay
is caused when students are not im-
mediately available. If the men do
choose to leave school, we ask that
they leave their forwarding address
with the War Board."
Transcripts Required
The character of the second group
of orders follows the same general
vein of the first group, Thuma said,
and he emphasized "that the orders
require each man to present to his
command officer a transcript of his
college record."
In accordance with the Army En-
listed Reserve plan, all men will be
assigned to the branch of service for
which their college education best
fits them.
These orders follow three contrary
statements by the Army giving dif-
ferent dates for active duty. It was
first announced that active duty as-
signments would be made two weeks
after the close of last semester, but
delays made it impossible, according
to Army releases.
Stories this week announced the
calling date a March 13 and 20.
However, these plans indicate men
will be on duty by March 20.
OPA Will Prosecute
Black Market Violators
DETROIT, March 5-(P)-Striking
at practices it said contributed to
"black market" operations in meat,
the Office of Price Administration
petitioned in federal courts at Detroit
and Grand Rapids today for injunc-
tions against 36 slaughterers, packers
and dealers.
The Michigan suits were part of
an OPA move to halt violations of
meat restrictions in Ohio, Michigan,

Kentucky and West Virginia, insti-
tuted by the Cleveland Regional Of-
fice of OPA.

Nazi Ships
Gathering
Off Norway
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 5.--ondon news-
papers published dispatches today
saying a powerful concentration of
German warships has been assembled
in the Trondheim area of Norway.
The stories carried in the Evening
Standard and Daily Telegraph, with-
out giving the source of their infor-
mation, declared the concentration
included the battleship Tirpitz, 35,-
000-ton sister of the lost Bismarck, at
least two cruisers of the 10,000-ton
Hipper class and a number of fast
destroyers.
The aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin,
which was laid down in 1938, also
was reported to be in the group,
along with the 26,000-ton battleship
Scharnhorst, which was reported in
the Skagerrack between Norway and
Denmark three weeks ago.
The articles stirred immediate
speculation over the possibilty that
the German fleet was preparing to
make a forceful attempt to attack
the allied supply route to Russia.
Such a breakout, unofficial sources
pointed out, probably would involve
the British home fleet in a hunt
greater than that for the Bismarck
and Prinz Eugen early in the war
and the possibility of a major naval
engagement in northern waters.
Unofficial naval sources said there
was a possibility the German fleet
was concentrating "for one big fight
against heavy odds rather than face

Nazi Resistance Smashed
Near Rzhev in Offensive
Toward Smolensk Base

~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~*

scuttling as did the high seas
in 1918."

fleet

Union Objects
To House Bill
On Absenteeism
WASHINGTON, March 5.-(IP)-
Some opposition to legislation against
absenteeism developed today at the
Capitol.
1. A union official protested to
the House Naval Committee that a
bill providing for absentees to be
reported to their draft boards would
be a step toward turning the country
into "a penal institution.
2. Representative Celler (Dem.-
N.Y.) asserted in the House that the
word "absenteeism" is being used as
"a catch-all phrase" in an attack on
labor. Celler contended willful ab-
sences from work at war plants were
"isolated and exceptional."
3. The request of the House Labor
Committee for authority to investi-
gate "all labor conditions" was view-
ed by some Naval Committee mem-
bers as a maneuver against the bill
they are considering. If such an in-
quiry is undertaken, they reasoned,
there will be demands that no labor
legislation be enacted until it is
completed.
N. P. Alifis, a district president of
the International Association of Ma-
chinists (AFL), argued before the
Naval Committee that the absentee-
ism measure would give employers
the power to impose any conditions
of work they desired on employes1
under threat of reporting their
names to draft boards.
Last Showing of
Play Production
Set for Tonigyht
The last performance of "Heart of
a City," current presentation of Play
Production of the speech production,
will be given at 8:30 p.m. today in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The play is the story of a small re-
vue theatre in London during the
days of the Nazi terror. The role of
Judy is played by Catherine Fletcher;
Rosalind by Patricia Meikle. The
male leads will be taken by Harold
Cooper who will portray Tommy and
John Babington as Paul Lundy.
Others in the cast include Blanch
Holpar, Janet Stickney, Barbara
White, Rebecca Kynock, Carol Mis-
ner, Dorothy Wineland, Suzanne
Wood, Zabelle Yardumian, Miriam
Ruge, Nathan Bryant, Mary Lou
Meeker, Barbara Stuber, Marcia
Zimmerman, Ellen Hooper, Gertrude
Slack and Marjorie Leete.
Cagney, Greer Garson
Win Academy Awards
HOLLYWOOD, March 5.- (,)-
Another chapter in history of film-

Enemy Forces.
Press Allies in
North Tunisia
British Eighth Inflicts
Losses 'Heavy Enough
To Remember' on Axis
By HAROLD V. BOYLE
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA,nMarch 5-Enemy
forces in Northern Tunisia kept up
their pressure in the face of stiff
Allied resistance today while advices
reaching here from the southern sec-
tor reported that the British Eighth
Army in its first feeler brush with
Axis troops yesterday inflicted on
the Germans "very heavy losses-
heavy enough to remember."
American patrols clung to Sidi Bou-
zid, about 25 miles south of Faid Pass
where the withdrawing Nazis hold
hill positions overlooking the valley.
Reports late tonight said American
troops are near the western end of
the pass but their location was not
given.
The Germans still held on to Gafsa
in the south and Habjeb El Aioun,
about 22 miles northeast of Sbeitla,
where French patrols had contacted
them.
French patrols pushed to a point
a few miles west of Pichon in the
central sector and in the far south
other advanced French elements con-
tinued to move forward east of Nefta.
These units were "continuing their
action in an easterly direction," a
French communique said.
Tank forces of the British First
Army were said officially to have
beaten off violent German attacks.
British Bomb
Continent Tenth
Strai ht Night
LONDON, March 6. (Saturday)-
(P)-The RAF sent its big bombers
on their tenth consecutive night raid
over the Continent during the night
and repeated blasts along the French
coast were heard on this side of the
Channel.
Huge flashes, apparently the result
of the explosions, also could be seen
shortly after the bombers crossed the
Channel.
The explosions were so terrific that
residents reported they rattled win-
dows in buildings on the British side.
The roar across the Channel was
in the direction of Dunkerque which
had been attacked several times re-
cently.
Many European radio stations were
silent last night including the Berlin
radio. It went off the air at 9:15
p.m.-about the same time it was
closed last Monday when the Nazi
capital got its heaviest pounding of
the war.
RAF bombers carried their assault
on the Continent through the ninth
straight night last night, laying
mines in enemy waters and attacking
targets in the industrial area of west-
ern Germany.
Ensian Payments
Due March 22
All students who have made down
payments on their 1943 Michiganen-
sian must turn in the rest of their
money by March 22, Martin Feffer-
man, '44, business manager of the
'Ensian announced yesterday.
He added that anyone who would
not be in school when the 'Ensian
comes out may have his yearbook

mailed if he leaves his address at the
'Ensian business office in the Student
Publications Building before he with-
draws from school.
Anthractie Coal Miners
Demand $2-A-Day Raise
SCRANTON, Pa., March 5.- (P)-
Leaders of 90,000 Anthracite mem-
bers of the United Mine Workers to-
day formally demanded a $2-a-day

James M. Barnes, former Demo-i
cratic Congressman from Illinois,
was named an Administrative As-
sistant to President Roosevelt at a
salary of $10,000 a year.
House Group
O.K.'s Tax Plan
Pay-As-You-Go Bill
Affects All Taxpayers
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 5-A pay-
as-you-go plan for all 44,000,000 of
the income taxpayers-the wage
earner and salaried man, the farmer,
the banker and the candlestick mak-
er-was approved tentatively today
by the House Ways and Means Sub-
committee, to be effective July 1.
The subcommittee skipped over the
baffling choice among the Rum plan
to cancel a year's taxes and the vari-
ous proposals for smaller amounts of
abatement, tossing this problem back
to the full committee.
Chairman Doughton (Dem.-N.C.)1
called the full committee to meet
Monday and said he was elated over
the prospects of speedy action.
Under the plan tentatively ap-
proved all taxpayers must file their
1942 returns and pay the first quar-
terly installment by March 15 and
the second by June 15.
Production of
Naval Planes
Hits New High
WASHINGTON, March 5.-(P)-
Production of 150 warships and
1,400 Navy airplanes in February was
reported today by Secretary of Navy
Knox who also told of a new type of
ship to combat submarines.
In addition to the 150 warships,
Knox said at a press conference,
more than 700 landing barges were
completed last month.
"Our sea and air production
reached new records in February,"
he said, adding that the ships turned
out then represented 200,000 tons
displacement and included all types.
Of the 1,400new planes accepted
by the Navy in February, he said
"considerably more than half" were
combat planes. It was the highest
total for any month in Navy history.
"We are going still faster and we
expect more in March," Knox said.
The new type of anti-sub vessel for
convoy duty, designed to relieve de-
stroyers for actual combat work, is
a small craft of approximately 1,300
tons, with a hull line slightly more
than 300 feet long and a beam of 35
to 36 feet.
294 Drivers Get I
Police Summons
Over 100 Ann Arbor drivers re-
ceived summons yesterday by the
local police because they did nt
have their 1943 license plates and

New Aide to President

S ov jets Free
100 Villages
In Two Days
Localities Recaptured
Near Railway Center
Between Lgov, Sevsk
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 6 (Saturday),-
Smashing stubborn Nazi resistance
southwest of Rzhev in the central
front sweep toward the enemy an-
chor of Smolensk. The Russians have
freed more than 100 localities in two
days, a midnight Soviet communique
disclosed today.
Fresh gains also were reported on
the southern front where a 50-mile-
wide Red Army salient was being
driven westward to cut the Bryansk-
Kiev railway in the sector between
recaptured Lgov and Sevsk. This
maneuver also was aimed at turning
German defenses hinged an Bryansk
and Orel to the north and northeast.
2,000 Germans Killed
Approximately 2,000 Germans were
reported killed and 1,165 captured
during yesterday's operations, but
the Russians did not claim any ad-
vances in the Donets Basin where the
Germans for days now have told of
successful counterattacks that have
regained Kramatorsk, Slavyansk, and
Lisichansk in the sector north of
Stalino. The German high command
declared that the Russian Third
Army was encircled south of Kharkov
and was about to be wiped out.
Reds Attempt Landing
The Russians also were silent about
further operations in the western
Caucasus where 'the Germans still
are clinging to positions pivoting on
Novorossisk, Black Sea port.
A new Russian attempt to land
from the sea at that port was re-
pulsed by German coastal batteries,
the Berlin radio said last night in a
broadcast recorded by Reuters.
On the central front the immediate
Russian goals a'peared to be Vyaz-
ma, 80 miles south of Rzhev, and
Gzhatsk, 60 miles to the southeast.
Jap Survivors
Killed in Pacific
By Allied Flyers
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, March 6 (Saturday)-
An Allied airman saw 200 Japanese
troops in three lifeboats-all that
remained of 15,000 spilled into the
Bismarck Sea by the sinking of a
22-ship convoy-dropped his bombs
and messaged his base: "No surviv-
ors."
That ended one of the most bril-
liant aerial strokes by American and
Allied fliers in the southwest Pacific,
a spokesman said today in comment-
ing on the high command communi-
que announcing "there was scarcely
a survivor."
The final score:
For Japan-ten Japanese warships,
cruisers, and destroyers, sunk; 12
merchantmen, transports and cargo
ships sunk; more than 80 enemy
planes destroyed or put out of com-
mission; and the troops, estimated at
15,000, which the Japanese were
hurrying to their threatened foot-
hold in the Lae-Salamaua sector of
upper New Guinea.

For the Allies-only one bomber
and three fighters lost.
Absenteeism'I s Too
High at Willow Run
WASHINGTON, March 5.- (M)-
Representative Arends (Rep.-Ill.)
told the House today a personal in-
spection of the Ford Willow Run
Bomber Plant convinced him that
production strides are good but that

DELIVERING THE GOODS:
American Suplies Aidin Russia

(Editor's Note: In his Sunday's arti-
cle, Henry C. Cassidy, Chief of the
Associated Press Bureau in Moscow,
now home on leave, writes on Russia's
relations with her Allies.)
By HENRY C CASSIDY
Associated Press Correspondent
NEW YORK, March 5.-The
United States, despite all Adolf
Hitler can do to stop it, is defi-
nitely delivering the goods to the
Soviet Union.
After riding in American tanks,
trucks and jeeps, seeing American
bombers and fighters,
Sixth eating American sug-
in a ar and lard, in remote
Series corners of Russia, one

ing the Soviet Union? Are the Rus-
sians satisfied with our supplies-
is, in each case, yes.
Hitler, early in the war, boasted
that the United Nations' only sup-
ply lines to the Soviet Union were
across the Arctic or along the
equator. Since then, he has cer-
tainly been surprised by the way
those :very lines have been made
effective.
Our most conspicuous contribu-
tion to the Soviet war effort is in
vehicles. On the main streets of
Moscow, on the roads of provincial
towns, on the dirt tracks of the
countryside, American trucks are

carry officers on their missions.
Both have been employed exten-
sively in the Russian winter offen-
sive.
It would be idle to deny that
there has been any trouble with
the vehicles. Some trucks have
broken axles on trackless terrain,
boiled over in summer, frozen up
in winter; some Jeep motors have
become clogged with mud. But
generally, men who drive the vehi-
cles have told me, their perform-
ance has been splendid.
The Russians, moreover, what-
ever their reputation may be-
abroad, are good, resourceful, me-

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