THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, MARCH 5, 1943
.ussian People Adjust Lives to
(Continued from Page 1)
around Moscow, chopped and hauled
wood, and provided enough fuel to
givedthe entire capital limited, but
My three-room house on Ulitsa
Shchukina has been out of wood
twice. But, by shut-
Fifth ting off two rooms, liv-
in a ing entirely in the
Series bedroom, and luckily
receiving a new deliv-
ery of birch every time the cold start-
ed to set in, I was able to keep com-
The heating situation has been
most acute in Leningrad, where a
gap has been broken in the German
ring around the city, but the enemy
still camps in the southern and west-
ern suburbs. There, I heard, not a
single wooden house is left standing
-all have been torn down for fuel.
Electric lighting is severely ra-
tioned. Only a single bulb is permit-
ted for each room, limited to 25 watts
for an average living room or kitchen,
and 16 watts for halls and wash
rooms. The penalty for violation of
this rule may be a fine of 1,000 rubles
(officially, $200) or loss of electricity
for the duration of the war.
In addition, a total limit is fixed
for consumption in each house, and
as this is approached, the house com-
MSC To Meet
EAST LANSING, March 4.- (AP)-
John A. Hannah. President of Michi-
gan, State College, said today the
institution would meet its program of
self-liquidation of building debts, de-
spite sharp drop in student enroll-
ment due to designation of the college
as a military training center.
Retirement of debts for construc-
tion of Jenison Field House, the col-
lege auditorium and the music build-
ing has been on a self-payment basis,
largely from student fees and build-
Hannah said the government would
assume a reasonable share of added
expenses of the college in view of the
military designation. Between 1,500
and .2,000 student reservists will be
called to the colors at close of the
current term March 20, while most
remaining male students and 3,000
engineer and aviation soldier students
will be classified as Army personnel
exempt from college fees.
The field house debt, now approxi-
mately $500,000, is being retired at a
rate of $50,000 a year, Hannah said,
the auditorium debt, now $509,000,
at a rate of $46,000 a year.
mittee may cut off all current per-
iodically, to reduce its use. This of-
ten means sitting in the darkness, or
by the light of a rare candle, in the
early hours of the evening.
Basic food rations provide daily a
pound of bread, and monthly four
pounds of meat, or fish, four pounds
of rice, one pound of sugar and one
pound of butter. Meat tickets usually
bring sausage or herring. Chocolate
candies are sometimes issued instead
of sugar, vegetable oil instead of but-
ter, and potatoes instead of rice.
In addition, milk, vegetables and
meat may be bought on the markets
where collective farmers are permit-
ted to sell their surplus products at
The ration system was instituted
quickly and completely at the start
of the war, without public debate. It
was designed to stretch the supply as
far as possible, without seasonal ups-
and-downs, and although there are
some who go hungry, few starve.
I have been solemnly invited to
drop in for tea, and upon doing so,
been handed a glass of pure hot water
and a piece of candy through which
to sip it. If you use your imagina-
tion, it is a very tasty drink.
The clothes you wear in Moscow
are the ones you always had, or that
someone left you. The clothing in-
dustry works entirely for the Red
Army. The shops are bare. But
styles do not matter. The thing isj
to keep warm.1
Transportation is less of a prob-
lem. For persons engaged in essen-
tial work, .25 gallons of gasoline a
month are provided. For others,
there are busses, streetcars and thel
subway. These have been less crowd-
ed during the war than before, since
the population of Moscow has dwin-
dled from 4,000,000 to 2,800,000.
Perhaps the toughest task of all is
having the washing done. My Mos-
cow ration is two cakes of soap a
month, and on that basis, you think
twice before changing your shirt.
Work is on a 12-hour day, seven-j
MILL LEADS GROUP:
War Forum Club Discusses
Issues and Purposes of War
By VIRGINIA ROCK
Thirty students have banded to-
gether to form the nucleus of a
unique discussion group. It is not a
new organization; in fact, it was
established a year and a half ago.
Formerly called the Naval Affairs
Committee, and later the Interna-
tional Relations Club, it was renamed
the War Forum Club this year.
Under the direction of Mr. Edward
W. Mill of the political science de-
partment, the students themselves
discuss political, social, economic, and
technical problems of the present war
and post-war reconstruction.
The club has three principal aims.
The first is to discuss the actual land,
sea, and air conditions of war. The
Catholics Granted Lenten
Meat Dispensation Today
LANSING, March 4. -(1P)- The
most Rev. Jcseph H. Albers today
announced a special dispensation to
Catholics in the diocese of Lansing,
embracing most of Southern Michi-
gan, relieving them from compliance
with the church law of fast and ab-
stinence in lent, except on Ash Wed-
nesday, March 10, and Good Friday,
Bishop Albers said abstinence
would be obligatory only on Fridays,
because of food rationing and in-
tensified work in war plants.
technical aspects of the present war
are largely discussed in connection
with this aim. Plans for the year
include a consideration of the relative
roles of air and sea power, the mili-
tary potential of the United Nations
as well as the enemy, the over-all
strategy of war in the Pacific and
Atlantic theatres, the methods and
use of tactics by each of the branches
of the armed services, and a discus-
sion and analysis of major battles
and actions of the war.
The second principal consideration
of the group is to discuss the out-
standing proposals for post-war re-
construction. Included in- this cate-
gory will be panels, lectures and de-
bates on the possibility on continuing
the United Nations as a permanent
organization, the plans for greater
regional understanding in the Amieri-
cas, the international dissemination
of best possible information of the
Allies, proposals for a World Court,
and proposals for the extension -f
greater freedom to dependent areas
throughout the world.
The third goal of the club is to call
attention to important current litera-
ture being published on international
relations and post-war planning.
The War Forum Club is unique. in
that all of its members have been
elected to the organization by the
executive committee. Among the
thirty active participants, there are
several foreign students, some from
Latin America; other members are
American students who plan to enter
the consular service after the war.
Although the club is an indepen-
dent organization, it cooperates with
the Post-War Council and works
closely with the Foreign Policy Asso-
ciation, said Mr. Mills.
He emphasized that anyone may
attend the discussions held at 7:30
p.m. every Wednesday in Room 229
Hoover Ball, Bearing Co.
To Vote on Union Status
The National Labor Relations
Board has ordered an election among
the workers of the Hoover Ball and
Bearing Co. for next Wednesday to
determine the employes' choice for a
The workers will have an oppor-
tunity to vote for the United Auto-
mobile Workers-CIO, the Ann Arbor
Industrial Union, or no union, the
NLRB announcement said.
day week basis. All social reforms,
including the five-day, 35-hour work
week and paid vacations, have been
abandoned for the duration.
Those who left Moscow with evacu-
ated factories, stores and commis-
sariats are staying in the east, on
their jobs. Passes to return to the
capital are rare. Those who re-
mained in Moscow are working at
their old posts, or new ones, almost
all devoted to national defense. Small
plants which once made consumers'
goods are now turning out arms.
The additional work has brought
increased compensation. The aver-
age pay of a Russian worker, before
the war, was estimated at about 300
rubes (officially $60) a month. This
has been swelled by pay for over-time
and lost vacations. But there is not
much to buy.
Still, there is some brightness in
Moscow life. The theatres are show-
ing regularly the best of their reper-
toire, the ballets "Swan Lake" and
"Don Quixote," the operas "Eugene
Onegin" and "The Queen of Spades,"
and plays like the old favorite, "The
Cherry Orchard," and a new hit,
"Front," a satire on an old-fashioned
Red Army general.
The controlling factor in everyone's
life is the curfew from midnight to
5:00 a.m. Theatres open at 6:30 p.m.,
close about 10:00 p.m., so the audi-
ence can get home on time. There
are no nightclubs. The subway stops
running at 10:00 p.m., streetcars at
At midnight, the streets are silent
and dark, and the city sleeps, resting
for another day's work.
Army Air Corps Nurses
Arrive on Tunisian Front
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, March 4.- ()-
Twenty-five specially trained Army
air force nurses in trim Navy blue
uniforms have arrived here in an air
evacuation 'unit which will fly back
wounded and sick soldiers from the
The nurses will free more men and
medical officers for front line duty.
They .were trained in a six weeks
special course at Bowman Field, Ky.
Several served as air line stewar-
desses in civilian life.
They form the first unit of its type
to serve in any war theatre.
(Continued from Page 4)
Michigan Outing Club will go on a hostel
trip to the Saline Valley Farm on bicycles
on- Saturday and Sunday, March s and 7,
leaving Hill Auditorium on Saturday at
1:30 p.m. All students are welcome. For
further information call Dorothy Lund-
strom (2-4471) or Dan Saulson (2-4401).
Women's Glee Club:' will all members
please wear white blouses and dark skirts
to the broadcast on Saturday morning for
Michigan Chorus, assisting Women's Glee
Club, special rehearsal for men on Satur-
day, March 6, at 4:00 p.m. in Glee Club
room of the Michigan Union.
A Choral Evensong will be presented
Sunday evening, March 7, at 7:30 o'clock
in the Sanctuary of the First Methodist
Church by the Senior Choir under the di-
rection of Hardin Van Deursen, Director,
with Mary McCall Stubbins as organist.
Guest soloist will be Charles Matheson,
Tenor, graduate student in the School-of
Music. The public is invited.
The Christian Science Organization at
the University of Michigan announces a
free lecture on Christian Science entitled
"Christian Science: The Revelation of the
Rights and Character of Man", by James
G. Rowell, C. S. B., of Kansas City, Mo.,
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre on Mon-
day evening, March 8 at eight o'clock.
The public is cordially invited.
In Office Today
By Religious Services
Held at White House
WASHINGTON, March 4-UP)-
President Roosevelt began his elev-
enth year in the White House today
at religious services which embraced
prayers for strength, for peace and
for the enlightenment of our enemies.
Every March 4 since his first in-
auguration in 1933, Mr. Roosevelt has
attended church services in the pat-
tern of those held today in the east
room of the White House. The brief,
simple services included familiar
hymns and familiar passages from
the Episcopal Book of Common
In other years the President has
gone to nearby St. John's Episcopal
Church but the services were brought
to the White House this time because
the Chief Executive is still recovering
from an illness.
Upwards of 200 persons gathered
in the east room heard Lieutenant
Frank R. Wilson, a Navy chaplain on
leave as rector of Mr. Roosevelt's
home church at Hyde Park, N. Y., ask
that God "defend us Thy humble
servants, in all assaults of our en-
emies; that we, surely trusting in Thy
defense, may not fear the power of
any' adversaries." He asked the Lord
to "grant us grace fearlessly to con-
tend against evil, and to make no
peace with oppression.".
He asked, too, that 'the nations of
the world be led "into the way of
justice and truth," so that among
them might be established "that
peace which is the fruit of righteous-
There were prayers, also, for those
in the armed forces and for those
who have given their lives to their
Donald Temelco Hearing
Adjourned to Tomorrow
MONTREAL, March 4.-(A)-Ex-
tradition hearing for Donald Temel-
co, 17-year-old high school youth
from Ionia, Mich., who is held for
American authorities on a charge of.
murder, was adjourned until tomor-
row by Justice Alphonse Decary here
today. Temelco is held in connec-
tion with the death of Clara B. John-
son, 18-year-old war worker, at Ionia
Judge Decary stated that he ad-
journed the case so that American
authorities might be represented
here if they wished. It was indi-
cated that Michigan police or repre-
sentatives of the Montreal U.S. con-
sul's office would be present tomor-
Dean E. Blythe Stason of the
School of Law said last night that
there were still no definite develop-
ments on his alleged appointment to
head the legal staff of the Smith in-
vestigation committee of the House
A Washington news source yester-
day announced that Dean Stason had
been engaged to head the legal staff
of the committee. But upon return-
ing from Washington at noon yester-
day he evinced surprise at the ap-
pointment, as he had only received
the offer by telegram upon returning
to Ann Arbor.
Dean Stason spent three days in
Washington working with the com-
mittee, "educating" the congressmen
on administrative legal practices. The
Smith committee was established to
make an intensive investigation of
President Roosevelt's executive agen-
Discussing the offer Dean Stason
said, "I have not accepted the offer,
nor, indeed, have I had time to dis-
cuss it carefully with University au-
thorities. The position in Washing-
ton is one of importance and respon-
sibility and I appreciate the honor
of the offer, but the acceptance de-
(Continued from Page 1)
The men assigned to this unit are
privates and were members of the
Enlisted Reserve Corps. All have had
previous college training.
The curriculum of the course has
not yet been definitely determined,
but it is believed that regular Uni-
versity facilities and instructors will
be employed. Physical instruction
and regular Army basic training will
form a part of each day's routine.
All men in the program have had
no previous military training and all
Staff Sgt. Forest Peters, Illinois
All-American football player in 1930,
has been assigned chief instructor in
the physical training division of the
The medical detachment of the
ROTC has been administering medi-
cal shots to the early arrivals this
While this course is not directly
related to specific Army Specialized
Training programs, it is the third
large military unit to be established
on campus. The 1694th service unit
took up residence here last December
and the Judge Advocates General
School has been occupying the Law
pends upon the possibility of making
satisfactory arrangements to care for
my obligations to the University.
"The committee members in Wash-
ington understand this, and the an-
nouncement that final arrangements
have been made for my employment
as chief counsel is therefore prema-
ture," he added.
Bill Would Give
State Legislators Offer
Change in Constitutioxk
LANSING, March 4.-(OP-- Rep.
George N. Higgins, Ferndale Repub-
lican, introduced a bill today to pay
a soldiers bonus to men in the armed
forces at close of the war, and com-
panion measures to finance it
through a tax on cigarettes and alco-
He said the levies would produce
$15,000,000 a year. The cigarette
tax would figure out to two cents a
pack, the liquor tax to two cents a
bottle of wine, beer or liquor with
higher levies on containers of three
gallons or more.
Returning honorably discharged
veterans would receive an amount
equal to $15 a month for each month
of service, and heirs of those who die
in service would receive a bonus equal
to that for service for the duration.
Rep. Edward H. Jeffries, Detroit
Democrat, offered a bill to deny a
place on election ballots to the Com-
munist Party and parties .which ad-
vocate "overthrow" of the American
form of government.
A Joint resolution by Senator Jerry
T. Logie, Bay City Republican, pro-
posed a constitutional amendment to
make the governor the only adininis-
trative official elected by popular
vote. His plan would allow the gov-
Draf ted Swains.Leae
Coeds as Army Arrive.
PULLMAN, Wash., March 4.--(p)-.
Jack Tuteur urged a group of Army-
bound Washington State College stu-,
dents at the railroad station 'not td
worry about their girl friends.
"The coeds will be lonesome for
you," he said, "but with so many, menl
gone they'll have nothing to ;do but
write, letters to you."
Just then a 15-car 'train halted
nearby and unloaded a. host of sal-
diers--bound for special training at
"Sorry, men," apologized, Tuteur,
"maybe I was a little hasty."
Final Arrangements Incomplete
On Dean Stason's Appointment
LIBERTY MUSIC SHOP
SATURDAY, MARCH 5th
Open Monday as Usual
Mondy 11 A.MA. to P.M.
Other days, 11 until 6
modern'war reporting began with the boats equipped with composing rooms were sent
Mexican war and The Associated Press grew out-
of the experience.
Never had the world seen such initiative in
news gathering up to then. The newly invented
"electro magnetic" telegraph was in operation in
a dozen or more cities.and in addition American
newspapers employed pigeons, ponies and boats
to speed the news of the fighting at Monterey,
Vera Cruz, Buena Vista and Mexico City.
A New York newspaper offered $500 an
hour for every hour that a pigeon could deliver
the news ahead of its rivals. Two others set up a
dispatch system using "60 blooded horses" to
cover the 2000 miles to the Mexican front. Often,
riders were ambushed by Mexican guerrillas. Fast
out to meet the slower steamers. Large sums were
spent to get news beats.
Yet the news arrived weeks late. It had to
move by boat across the Gulf of Mexico and
thence by pony express across the hostile southern
plains before it reached the telegraph at Rich-
mond. A "bulletin" on the victory at Buena Vista
arrived in the east fully five weeks after the battle,
moreover, such coverage proved costly.
So it was that the first real cooperative news
gathering organization was formed. It was called
The Associated Press.
T has been estimated that 63,000 telephone calls are
necessary in the building of one 10,000-ton cargo ship.
And America is sending these vessels dowl the ways by
We cannot build additional facilities because materials
America was to learn to look'f or Associated
Press news thereafter.
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