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CICAGO " BOSTON " LOS ANIGELES " SAN FRANCISCO
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d Brmmer . . . . . Editorial Director
Leon Gordenker . . . . . City Editor
Marion Ford . . . . Associate Editor
Charlotte Conover . . . Associate Editor
Eric Zalenski . . . . . Sports Editor
Betty Harvey . . . Women's Editor
James Conant . . . . . . . Columnist
By DREW PEARSON
' f /
Edward J. Perlberg
Pred M. Ginsberg
Mary Lou Cuirran
Jane Lindberg ..
. Business Manager
Associate Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
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NIGHT EDITOR: MARGARET FRANK
.editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
WASHINGTON, March 4.-It now
looks as if the air cooling systems
which were to be yanked out of the
Senate, House of Representatives
and various government departments
would not be yanked out at all, and
the solons could keep reasonably cool
Reason for this is new WPB Pro-
duction Boss Charlie Wilson, recent
head of General Electric. Wilson has
not changed these plans because of
any special regard for the comfort
of Congressmen. The change, briefly,
boils down to this. The air cooling
systems were needed because of their
compressors, for compressors are one
great bottleneck of war production
Compressors are used in making
synthetic rubber, high octane gaso-
line, and other vital war materials.
And before Wilson took over WPB
production the ordering of com-
pressors was pretty much of a mess.
There was no coordination. The
Navy, the Army had bid against
each other. The Maritime Com-
mission and Lend-Lease had bid
against them. Each had gone to
the best compressor companies,
and factories were loaded with or-
ders that would not be finished for
So Wilson called in all the com-
pressor companies, and had them line
up their orders. Then he told them
to add extra shifts to their own plants
and subcontract to about 300 smaller
Wilson talks the language of a
manufacturer, not of a banker or
Wall Street broker (the WPB, Army
and Navy are loaded down with both).
The compressor manufacturers knew
that if they didn't produce, Wilson
would demand their designs and set
up competitors who would be in busi-
ness against them after the war.
That is the last thing they want.
Wilson didn't have to make any
threats. They understood his lan-
guage. He is getting the compressors.
New Nepotism Converts
Most freshman Congressmen pre-
fer to be seen and not heard, but
there's nothing backward about them
where nepotism is concerned.
Here are a few of the Congressional
yearlings, most of them Republicans,
who are drawing extra pay checks
for members of their families:
Representative Alvin E. O'Kon-
ski, Republican, of Wisconsin-His
wife, Veronica H. O'Konski, is his
secretary at $3,900 a ,year.
Representative James C.rAuchin-
closs, Republican, of New Jersey--
His wife, Lee Auchincloss, gets
$3,200 a year.
Representative Henderson Car-
son, Republican, of Ohio-His wife,
Ella Carson, is on the payroll at
$1,700 a year.
Representative Norris Poulson,
Republican, of California-Pays
his daughter, Erna, a clerk, $1,370
Representative John P. New-
some, Democrat, of Alabama-His
wife, Lulu H. Newsome, is on the
payroll, at $1,100 a year.
Representative James Gallagher,
Republican, of Pennsylvania-Pays
his son, James Gallagher, Jr., a
clerk, $1,250 a year.
Representative Thomas Gordon,
Democrat, Illinois-Has a daugh-
ter, Romona, on the payroll, at
$1,000 a year.
Note: Other stories giving the
score in the game of nepotism will
Spanish Dagger at U.S.
Here is the lowdown on the, visit
of Franco's special representative,
ex-Spanish Foreign Minister Beig-
beder, to this country.
Franco's regular representative,
Ambassador Juan Cardenas, has
been sending him what he wanted to
hear, rather than the truth about
the way the American people have
put their hearts into the war. Car-
denas had emphasized the clash of
personalities and inefficiency of war
production which get into the head-
lines but is not the general rule.
When U.S. officials learned of this,
they conceived the idea of bringing
a special Franco envoy to the U.S.A.
to get the real picture. Actually it
was the War Department, not the
State Department, which hatched the
inspiration and which is taking him
on a tour of war plants and Artny
posts to drink in the real spirit of
the war effort.
After some two years of dreary
fighting, against the Russians and
British, the Finns are right back
where they started.
Diplomatic dispatches reveal that
Russia has now offered Finland the
following peace terms:
1. A border between the two coun-
tries similar to that established by
the treaty of 1940. This was after
the Russo-Finnish war, from which
Russia emerged victorious.
2. The Russians also demand cer-
tain political changes in Finland,
particularly the establishment of a
government friendly to Russia. This
would definitely exclude both Man-
nerheim and Tanner.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Pollock Interprets Poll
'On Future Soviet Action
FOLLOWING are the'results of a poll of under-
graduate student opinion taken early this
week, with an interpretative statement by Prof.
James K. Pollock of the political science depart-
The poll is the first of a series on post-war
problems sponsored by the Post-War Council in
conjunction with The Daily. A representative
cross-section of student opinion was taken
through residence places, including dormitories,
league and boarding houses, fraternities and sor-
orities and cooperative houses.
Question: On the basis of Russia's action be-
foe. and during the war, what do you think
Russia's action will be after the war?
Answers: (1) Cooperate with other nations to
preserve the peace, 45%; (2) Advance the Cause
of Communism in Europe, 29.8%; (3) Return to
isolationism, 20.4%; No opinion, 4.6%.
* * * *
Prof. Pollock's Analysis
All polls should be used with several interpre-
tative principles in mind:
1. Returns from issue polls should interpret
with direct reference to the wording of the ques-
2. A poll gives a quantitative description of
opinion, not a qualitative.
3. Returns on issues that are very close to
experience of people are more significant than
those on general questions or special conditions.
4. Returns must be interpreted with reference
to time poll was taken.
5. No opinion-if above 10%, the question
hasn't been talked about enough.
This first experimental poll is very illumi-
nating in its results. It shows that most pee-
pie have an opinion on the question, and that
the dominant opinion is that Russia will col-
laborate after the war. The relatively large
percentage (29.8%) of opinion indicating a
feeling that Russia will utilize its victorious
position to continue to spread Communist doc-
trine in Europe deserves attention. In fact,
more students believe that Russia is not going
to be a perfect ally in the peace, than believe
otherwise. For, if Russia is going to be isola-
tionist and be more interested in spreading
Communism than in cooperating with other
nations, it will not work well with its present
allies in making a sound peace.
The lack of understanding of Soviet Foreign
policy since 1927 probably accounts for the feel-
ing of distrust of Russia which still, according to
this and other polls, persists. This first student
poll demonstrates the areas in which educational
discussion is needed.
- Prof. James K. Pollock
WAR ON SEC:
Congress Trying To Fool
Peo ple by Funds Slash
The current undeclared war against the SEC
in Congress is proof positive that a considerable
number of our so-called representatives have
given .one of Abraham' Lincoln's most widely
quoted remarks a very special reading. Disre-
garding the context, they have concluded that
they "can fool the people."
Taking advantage of a resurgence of congres-
sional independence and paying lip service to the
social ideals and the war aims of the American
people, these men are wielding an old-fashioned
Liberty League dagger in the dark. Thus, they
have set up a sanctimonious howl about the
SEC's new proxy regulations--oblivious to the
fact that Congress ordered the enactment of
those very carefully considered rules, that they
are just one more guarantee of fair play with
other people's money.
And, in the midst of this hubbub, they are
slashing at the SEC's appropriation. Minded
to sound economy and efficiency, the agency
reduced its budget estimate by $800,000, only
to have the House arbitrarily out away $750,-
000 more. This, of course, is one of the oldest,
and dirtiest, methods for killing an adminis-
trative agency. Without risking a highly un-
popular frontal attack, it makes sure that the
agency can't do the job which the people ex-
pect it to do.
The SEC is by no means the only victim of this
nefarious strategy. Even the war effort is not
safe. These people shout to high heaven that
something ought to be done about the manpower
problem and about absenteeism. But they with-
hold the relatively small amount of money need-
ed by Paul McNutt and Secretary Perkins to cope
with these problems. They talk about post-war
planning, yet they deny the National Resources
Planning Board a mere $200,000.
The plain truth of the matter is that many
of the peacetime administrative agencies have
voluntarily curtailed their activities. They have
lost many of their trained experts to the armed
services and to the new war agencies, and they
have not filled jobs that have lost their func-
tion. But many of these agencies have also
been called on to work on vital war problems
such as the production of food. This all-
important fact is stubbornly overlooked by the
gang throwing its weight around in Washing-
Everybody knows that the expense of the war
calls for the strictest economy. But if economy
is the goal, why don't these "rebels" start with a
non-essential money-waster like the Dies com-
mittee? They had better reread their Lincoln.
In trying to fool the people, they are fooling only
themselves. - St. Louis Post-Dispatch
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, March 4.-- Two agencies of our
government, one legislative, the other executive,
seem about to be smashed into tiny bits. They
have nothing in common except the curious fact
that both are concerned with the poorest, most
helpless and most rootless of Americans. Their
other point of resemblance is that the Adminis-
tration doesn't seem to give a whoop whether
either of these two agencies lives or dies.
One is the Tolan Committee of the Iouse.
It seems to me that if there is a Recording
Angel for dead Congresses, he will be more im-
pressed by the Tolan Committee than by al-
most anything else in the last session's record.
This has been a fine group. Its proper name,
of course, is the Committee Investigating Na-
tional Defense Migration. This committee ob-
viously has not been out for votes, because the
people it serves are wandering workers, 4,000,000
and more of them, who have no residences, and
therefore no votes. That is one of their troubles.
And this committee has worked so nicely, so
quietly, with such gentlemanly dignity-I don't
know whether that makes a proper argument,
but it is an impressive fact in today's kind of
Washington. I don't believe the Tolan Com-
mittee has ever issued a subpoena. I know it
has never heckled a witness, or fished for a
headline. Yet working, from the start of the
defense program, by invitation alone, it first
uncovered the housing problem in jammed mu-
nitions-factory towns; it led the successful fight
to nationalize the Employnient Service; it fought
for and won increases in appropriations for
health and housing and education in defense
centers; it was among the first to point out that
the auto industry could be converted to. war use;
it helped develop a dozen wartime reforms; it
has educated all of us by tracing the relation be-
tween migration and worn-out soil.
If I were a Congressman, I'd vote to have the
Tolan Committee continue, just to have it on my
record at my last accounting, when the dispu-
tations of today shall have died down, and when
the voters will be looking among the ashes for
The second agency which has had its hair
clipped, its trousers slit, and has otherwise
been prepared for its execution, is the Farm
This has worked with farmers so poor that
they are just about to become migrants. It has
helped them to hold their farms, to obtain better
farms, to secure fertilizer and the use of machin-
ery. And (a remarkable fact in a year of ration-
ing!) it has hugely increased production by pre-
cisely those farms which alone can increase their
production, small, one-family farms which have
operated, because of dreadful poverty, far below
capacity. It has touched them with its credit,
and behold! the farms it has helped increased
their beef production 45 per cent last year, while
the nation as a whole increased its beef output
only 3 per cent. In milk, the corresponding
figures are 29 per cent and 3 per cent. In chick-
ens, 44 and 9 per cent. I don't know why an
agency should be killed for having done all this;
it seems less than a crime.
THOSE14 W0TnI WAL Tfl Tn'APC 1'
TIURSDA'Y, MARCH 4, 1943
VOL. Lill No. 104
With the "blitz" overhead and of-,
ten flat on their stomachs, the actors
in Heart of a City by Leslie Storm
gave an alive and cheerful perfor-
mance last night in the opening of
Play. Production's drama of the war.
The play is misnamed. A London
group of actors is not the varied pop-
ulace of the city. Also, its ending
misses fire because of the lack of
poetic justice in the two chosen to
die. Nothing in their previous ac-
tions justified the catastrophe of
death, and the aimlessness of war
could have been better shown in the
choice of two hopeful instead of two
mildly unhappy characters- who
died not in the theatre, which would
have shown the courage of the actors
keeping on in spite of bombings (the
point of the play) but died, personal-
ly maladjusted, in a pub outside. The
inability to meet a social situation
and the disproportionate consequen-
ces rising from it does not make for
tragedy. The ending of scenes with
melodramatic songs and posed tab-
leaus suggested vaudeville.
But the actors gave individuality
and interest to the play. Harold
Cooper played with restraint the lyric
writer who lost his sweetheart, played
by Patricia Meikle, in an overnight
romance to the squadron leader,
dashingly done by John Babington.
Nathan Bryant's Captain was suave.
Zabelle Yardumian was completely
identified with the role of the Italian
woman and there was imagination in
Gertrude Slack's creation of the
charwoman. Blanche Holpar gave a
volatile performance as the dancer
who won Hitler's heart, surprising
the audience with her resources-
Marjorie Leete's delicacy was a foil
for Catharine Fletcher's verve.
The cast was well chosen for
character contrast, none of them
blurring into group types, although
often the sincerity of the actors
was outrivalled by the sensory re-
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Students, College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts:
In connection with the numerous re-
quests which have come to this office from
students who are in the Enlisted Reserve
Corps and who anticipate early orders for
active duty, the policy of the College in
-eneral is not to attempt any prorating
)f credit for those who are withdrawing
ip to the end of five weeks. Students
who remain in residence beyond five weeks
nay petitionsfor prorated credit if they
ire in good standing in their courses at
he time of withdrawal. In the case of
graduating seniors who can remain in
esidence for at least eight weeks, special
'arangements will be made to allow them
o complete as much of their work as
)ossible. All requests for the adjustment
)f credit by students who are being in-
lucted into the Armed Forces should be
nade through this office (Room 1220 An-
,ell Hail). E. A. Walter
The American Association of University
"rofessors is sponsoring a dinmer, followed
"y an Open Forum, on Monday, March 8,
it 6:30 p.m. at the Michigan Union. Forum
ubject: "The University and Its Public
Ielations." Dean Edmonson will preside
nd the four panel members will be Pro-
'essors Harold Dorr, Wesley H. Mauer,
3hirley W. Allen and Norman E. Nelson.
Send reservations to C. N. Wenger, 33 East
Choral Union Singers: There are a few
acancies in the men's sections of the
Jhoral Union. Applicants should consult
"rofessor Hardin Van Deursen, Conductor,
at once. Charles A. Sink, President
Members of the Choral Union whose rec-
'rds are clear will please call for their
ourtesy tickets for the concert by Guio-
snar Novaes, on the day of the concert,
Friday, between the hours of 10 and 12,
tnd 1 and 4, at the offices of the Univer-
sity Musical society in BurtonMemorial
Tower. After 4 o'clock no tickets will be
wivenrout. Charles A. Sink, President
The University Bureau of Appointments
has received notice of the following:
UNITED STATES CIVIL SERVICE:
Accountants & Auditors-until needs
have been met-$2,600 to $6,500 plus over-
Technical & Scientific Aids-Chemistry.
Metallurgy, Geology, Meteorolgy, Geo-
ohysics, Physics Mathematics. Radio-
(Women are especially needed for this
jwork)-$1,620 to $2,600 plus overtime.
Bacteriologists-until needs have been
met-$2,600 to $3,200 plus overtime.
Multilith (Cameramen - Platemakers,-
($1,620 plus overtime) Press Operators-
$1,440 plus overtime)-until needs have
Marketing Specialists-until needs have
been met-$2,000 to $6,500 plus overtime.
STATE OF MICHIGAN:
General Clerk C;open announcement;
$110 to $125 per month.
Typist Clerk C: open announcement;
$110 to $125 per month.
Stenographer Clerk C;open announce-
ment; $110 to $125 per month.
Boys Supervisor C; open announcement;
$110 to $115 per month.
Prison Guard A2; open announcement;
$125 to $145 per month.
Attendant Nurse C; open announcement;
$100 to $115 per month.
Alphabetic Bookkeeping Machine; March
17; $105 to $155 per month.
Foods and Standards Executive IV; March
17; $325 to $385 per month.
Further information may be had from
Remedial Reading: Students interested
in improving their treading ability are in-
vited to attend a meeting at 5 o'clock on
Friday, March 5, in room 4009 University
High Schoo, At this meeting plans for a
special non-credit course in remedial
reading will be discussed.
Political Science 1 and 2 Make-up Exam-
ination for semester ending January, 1943,
today, 4-6 p.m., room 2203 A.H
It. M. Dorr
Choral Union Concert: Guomar No-
vaes, distinguished Brazilian pianist, will
give the ninth program in the Choral
Union Concert Series, Friday evening,
March 5, at 8:30, in Hill Auditorium. This
concert takes the place of the Detroit
Symphony Orchestra previously announced
for March 2. Ticket holders will please
present for admission ticket No, 9.
A Limited number of tickets are still
available at'theoffices of the University
Music Society, Burton Memorial Tower.
Charles A. Sink, President
Faculty Concert: Mabel Ross Rhead,
pianist, and Gilbert Ross, violinist, mem-
hers of the School of Music faculty, will
present the first in a series of three Sun-
day evening recitals at 8:3 on March?, in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. The pro-
grams will be devoted to the complete
group of sonatas for violin and pianoby
Beethoven, and will be open to the gen-
Exhibition un'der the auspices of the In-
stitute of Fine Arts: Metal Work from Is-
lamic countries (Iran, Egypt, and Syria).
Rackham School, through March 11. Every
afternoon, except Sundays, 2:00-5:00.
American Society of Mechanical Eugi-
neers: The Ensian picture will be taken
today at 5:00 p.m. Please meet above the
Engineering Arch at this time. Member-
ship may also be obtained. Please be on
The regular Thursday evening recorded
program in the Men's Lounge of the Rack-
ham Building at 8 p.m. will be as follows:
Strauss, Johann: Die Fledermaus-Over-
ture; Der Zigeunerbaron-Overture.
Smetant: The Bartered Bride-Over-
Wagner: Tristan and Isolde-Prelude
and Liebestod; Parsifal, Prelud and Good
Strauss, Richard: Don Quixote,
First Aid Course: Dr. Dimitroff will
teach a beginner's course in First Aid in
the Grand Rapids Room of the League,
7:15-9:15 p.m. on Tuesdays and Thurs-
days. The course will last five weeks. All
persons interested must attend tonight's
meeting at 7:15 in the League.
The Interior Decoration Group of the
Faculty Women's Club will meet today
at 3 o'clock in Room D, Alumni Memorial
Miss Adelaide Adams, Instructor in Fine
Arts, will give an illustrated talk on
"American Domestic Architecture". 'The
'Newcomers Group' is invited to attend
and each member may bring a guest.
Michigan Dames home nursing unit
meets tonight at 8 o'clock in North Hall.
Michigan Outing Club will go on a hostel
trip to the Saline Valley Farm on bicycles
on Saturday and Sunday, March 6 and 7,
leaving Hill Auditorium on Saturday at
1:30 p.m. All students are welcome. For
further information call Dorothy Lund-
UMW TROUBLE FLARES:
Anthracite Miners Ask for Higher Wages
A NEW PROBLEM has flared up in Pennsyl-
vania's anthracite coal mines. Labor's cry
for increased wages for the miners above the
Little Steel Decision ceiling is being raised once
more. But this time, more is at stake than just
a pending strike.
If, John L. Lewis, UMW head, and the mine
operators do not come to an agreement that is
For these reasons alone if for no others, it is
of paramount importance that the evacuation
from the mines be stopped, and stopped immedi-
The UMW's calling of a strike will not solve
the problem, for the miners want more than
an increase in wages. They want a guarantee
that not only will their position be improved