PAG-E F Fai
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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cHICAGO . BOSTOR . LOS ANOELeS . SAN FRANCISCO
Confidentitilly, Ilerman--I'm beginning to onder if VICTORY ON THE HOME FRONT:
het'en il iy
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l~aft Lauds Givl~lc
John Erlewine .
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Marion Ford .
Charlotte Conover .
* Managing Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
. . . Women's Editor
Edward J. Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg
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. . . . . Business Manager
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NIGHT EDITOR: PAUL HARSHA
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. '
. HE word "absenteeism" has be-
come suddenly a common word
in the vocabulary of Americans
watching our war effort. A rate
from 10 percent to 14 percent re-
ported from many places stirs us to
anger or fear, and sometimes to
I find, however, that production
men are far more disturbed by an-
other word, not newly coined and
not so commonly heard, "turn-
over." That is probably a more ac-
Our Health and Welfare Services
welcome the new concern with both
absenteeism and turnover. For two
years we have been preaching that
materials and their end products,
tanks, guns, planes and ships were
not the whole story, but that people
made them. We have whispered,
pleaded, and roared that not only
the conditions in the plant, but
everything that affected the state
of mind of the worker, affected
production. When I played inter-
collegiate football and basketball
25 years ago, it was "mental at-
titude," not just a strong back and
a weak mind. It was true of ath-
letic teams, and it is true of in-
Some industrialists have gone to
extremes in proving that proposi-
tion. Henry Kaiser on the Pacific
Coast provides medical care for his
workers' families. Jack and Heintz
make every worker an associate In
a business whose breath-taking im-
portance they have sold to the
youngest office boy. Grumman Air-
craft has waiting service to fix flats
or to get ration cards for every last
worker who otherwise would not
only take valuable time, but get
sore. Somebody else puts a beauty
shop in the plant to keep his girls
from laying off a day to get that
O UR story has to do with just
plain every-dlay essentials of
living, pure running water, sewage
in pipes-not ditches, medical
care, schools and play-grounds for
the kids, decent attractive leisure-
time activities for the grownups.
Transportation and housing aren't
our baby, but sometimes, as in the
Detroit area, we have a man on the
War Manpower staff doing our
stuff and chasing down details on
where to live and how to get there
You are dealing with just good
every-day intelligent mobile Amer-
icans. Underline the word "mobile."
They move easily, like a ball. They
picked up in winter, packed the
jalopy and went south. They went
north in summer. Some of them
didn't work for quite a while, be-
cause nobody would hire them.
Some never worked because they
were too young or they were gals.
Now they're all working. all that
aren't in the Army or Navy.
Maybe they are absent, and may-
be they move too often. But I'll
lay down a big red apple that they
are working several hundred per
cent more than they ever worked
before and they are moving a whole
lot less than they used to. They are
are doing better than they did, not
worse. Let's not damn them, but
According to figures issued by
the Bureau of Labor Statistics'
strikes in war industries ac-
counted for about 1,900,000
man-days lost in the first nine
months of 1942.
The number of industrial
man-days lost in 1942 because
of illness and accidents has been
estimated at 484,059,000 accord-
ing to figures by Carl Brown in
the January issue of Nation's
Business published by U. S.
Chamber of Commerce.
It is estimated (PM) that 35,-
000,000 man-days are lost an-
nually because of "willful" or
is when a worker stays away
from job, although he is neither
sick nor on strike.
* * *
By approximating for the
whole of 1942 on the basis of the
average for the first nine
months, the number of man-
days lost on account of strikes
is about 2,500,000. From these
figures, it is evident that, con-
trary to popular belief, the
number of man-days lost on
account of absenteeism is four-
teen times, and the number lost
on account of illness one hun-
dred and three times, as great
as those caused by strikes in war
find out how we can help them do
For instance, let's quit comparing
war workers with men in uniform.
They are both in uniforms of a
kind, and draft boards which are
by and large mighty fair are de-
ciding which it will be. The war
workers would show up just as well
on Guadalcanal and New Guinea
as the boys who are there because
they are just the same kind of
Americans. We take care of our
soldiers and sailors as well as we
can in housing and clothing and
feeding and recreation, depending
-n E - --ort
on where they are. We can't do
any less for war workers.
These war workers have had
some pretty lousy conditions to live
and to work. It's improving and
that fairly rapidly. But don't ex-
pect a man or woman with a rep-
etitive operation in an important
assembly line to have the incentive
or to accept the conditions of the
soldier under a dive bomber in
Tunisia or stalking a Jap sniper in
New Guinea. War workers are en-
titled to a decent house, sanitation,
care of their children, a minimum
health provision, and some meas-
ure of social life and recreation
with their fellows.
To the person who says to me,
Don't you know we're in a war? I
would simply say. Sure, you dumb-
bell, but do you want production or
don't you? If you do, give workers
living conditions and see to it that
their boss and his executive organ-
ization, not the newspapers or the
services or the government or any
outsiders, the people who lead them
on the working front, show them
and convince them that what they
are doing is about the most im-
portant part of the war effort. It
isn't a question of pay or bonuses
or gadgets or services as such. The
fact the loss takes care of them
shows them the boss thinks they
are doing an important job, that
their time is valuable and can't be
What are they going to think if
we don't give them anything but
trailers or open sewers or one movie
per 200,000 people and food in
greasy spoons? We certainly don't
show them we think their job is
W ASHTENAW and Wayne and
Macomb Counties had the
toughest job in the United States
and they and their people have
done an outstanding job. Here in
Washtenaw you took the lead by
setting up a county health unit
and the other two won't be able to
look at that long without following
suit. We in the Federal Govern-
ment haven't moved as fast or in
as united a fashion as we should,
but we're getting there. This talk
of absenteeism and turnover is
coming at just the right time be-
cause part of the causes are the
lack of just the facilities and ser-
vices we are trying to help you get.
This is a tough war and it will be
won by people. It is people we work
with, you and I, in these commun-
ity efforts to organize ourselves for
effective production. This home
front is a second front we can all
open now and continuously until
all fronts bring victory.
-Charles P. Taft
Wolverine Co-op Helped
Students of University
THE ANNOUNCEMENT that the Michigan
Wolverine, cooperative eating establishment,
will serve its last regular meal today closes, at
least temporarily, one of the most worthwhile
activities on campus.
Beginning on a shoestring in the dark days of
the depression, the Wolverine has continually
grown in size and now it is recognized as the
largest unit of its kind on any college campus in
A borrowed $10 bill and a handful of stu-
dents determined to stay in school started the
organization in 1932. Their activities centered
in the basement of Lane Hall till they moved
into their present quarters in 1937.
The primary aim of serving low-cost meals so
that students with a limited income could stay
in school and obtain their education has been
more than satisfied.
NOW, the strain of present economic conditions
has put an end to their activity, but the op-
portunities they have presented and the students
they have helped bear witness to the good they
Born of distress and raised through hardship,
the Wolverine has made a name for itself in Uni-
versity history which will not soon be forgotten.
- Stan Wallace
IAT IN RING:
Willkie's Presidential Bid
Faces Stiff Competition
AMID rumors of President Roosevelt's views on
the question of a fourth term, hats are al-
ready starting to fly into the presidential ring.
Since it is difficult for any Democrats to sound
forth publicly their presidential ambitions, most
of the early activity seems to be coming as it did
in the last election from the Republican side.
Here we find Wendell Willkie, the 1940 standard-
bearer already fully engaged in gaining support
for his desired renomination.
Herbert R. Hill reporting in Sunday's New
York Times on Willkie's recent trip to Indiana
had this to say, "Mr. Willkie has now more
spontaneous support in Indiana than he did
up to the moment of his nomination in 1940.
And while rank and file Republicans and inde-
pendents in Hoosierland have continued to
regard him highly since, it was not until last
week-end that the Republican party leaders
decided to jump to his new bandwagon."
Following on the heels of this article came an
announcement from the Republican leader of
Connecticut pledging his organization's support.
FROM this information it is apparent that Mr.
Willkie' drive having as its aim the capture
of the GOP convention in June of next year is at
this early date already underway.
However, this time Mr. Willkie besides cop-
ing with the political animosity of many of the
reactionary elements in his party must in ad-
dition compete with a Taft enriched with the
political experience of four more years in the
Senate; a Dewey, who with his newly an-
nounced program of social legislation appears
MANY today are concerned with the contradic-
tions of life, who normally would miss the
search for meaning entirely, or mistakenly post-
pone it to old age. The thousands begin to un-
derstand what George Meade meant when he
wrote, "It is natural then to demand a different
world where that discrepancy, between the soci-
ety we experience and the ideal, is not found."
"That is the assumption," he adds, "that has
lain behind all religions.''
The dynamic personality, always attractive
both to youth and age and doubly significant in
our epoch, seems dependent on a similar reac-
tion. The man whose hope is centered on an
existing society, its possessions, conveniences,
privileges, and complacent routine, is emotion-
ally powerless. But the healthful person, whose
eye roves and whose heart hungers for values
afar, is emotionally powerful. Between a gen-
eration fully satisfied and one adequately moti-
vated, we would choose the latter. For this rea-
son, the men who are able to wrap in one bundle
the peace and the war, are those who will both
contribute most and live best.
It is Raymond B. Catell in his little book
"ThesReligious Quest" who insists thatbthe
good follower, as well as the good leader, is as
a skillful mountain climber. He can always
adjust the pack on his back as well as his own
weight, not to the secure foot on which he
stands, but to the foot he is swinging to the
untried crag ahead.
Insofar as the individual feels that he is ac-
complishing a movement of moral significance
or contributing toward some end in the universe
with which our own purpose ought to be aligned,
says Meade, "he has the sense of salvation." He
is becoming one with an end or purpose not his
own in which he finds completeness.
-Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
Supplies Sent to Spain
Would Bolster the Axis
JUST as it was expedient to sacrifice Czechoslo-
vakia in October 1938, to satisfy the insatiable
appetite of Adolph Hitler, just as it was logical
to send Japan oil to prevent her from seizing the
Dutch East Indies, so we are now being told it is
expedient to send stores of oil, cotton, food and
other products to Spain to aid in the develop-
ment of a peace economy.
In glowing terms Carlton Hayes, our ambassa-
dor to Madrid described how Spain is effecting
a vigorous economic renaissance under 'the wise
discretion of a government which while fostering
work of peace at home, has held aloof from any
While it is necessary to be diplomatic, to
glorify your enemies is another thing. Let us
not forget the origins of the present Spanish
government, built as it was with the economic
resources and the "volunteer" Legions of Hit-
ler and Mussolini. Let us not forget that
Franco is still very much in debt to these
"illustrious" gentlemen for that aid. Bearing
this in mind it is easy to see that there is more
than just the fact that she is a neutral in the
noliv fGemn hnte nm,.. a~re nn,-. t a
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
MR. ROOSEVELT is getting the old one-two
now. The scene is becoming a shambles-
Let us trace one of these lines of attack against
the President, any one, at random, and see what
we find. Take the farm problem. Mr. Roose-
velt is accused of muddling it. He has, for ex-
ample, been charged with letting the farmer pur-
chase too little farm machinery; about one-fifth
normal, in fact. That hurts. Who did it? Did
Mr. Roosevelt do it?
The pictue is of Mr. Roosevelt denying ma-
chinery to the farmer, out of sheer biliousness.
Let us fade back to spring, 1941. The steel in-
dustry has been asked whether it can meet de-
fense demands, with existing capacity. It re-
ports that it can; it reports that it will even have
a surplus. Long, sarcastic editorials, in a dozen
places; the bureaucrats want to overbuild the
steel industry, when everybody knows we have
enough steel. Wheeee! T e decision is made,
not by bureaucrats, but by private steel experts.
No new steel mills.
ONE THING LEADS TO ANOTHER
THE PRESIDENT accepts that finding. I
quote now, merely as a sample, from an edi-
torial in the New York Times, March 1, 1941:
"The announcement should put an end to the
demands which were being made by various eco-
nomic planners for a large expansion of steel
capacity. An unnecessary increase in steel
plants at this time could only have injured the
defense program . . " How lofty! How final!
Those dirty economic planners, they want more
steel capacity. These are the same dirty eco-
nomic planners now charged in many places
with callously withholding steel machinery from
the farmer. The very same.
One thing leads to another, but you would
rarely guess it from some of the stuff that you
FIGUREZ-VOUS, THE NOISE
DO NOT say the administration has not mud-
dled. It has muddled often. It muddled,
probably, in accepting the Gano Dunn steel re-
port. But figurez-vous, the noises that would
have risen had it rejected it, the hideous clamors
that would have been raised to high heaven. All
I ask is for a decent humility in discussing these
things, and for a little less of that kind of com-
ment which pictures a tired man in the White
House as a willful muddler, an ecstatic muddler,
as a man who muddles deliberately for an hour
each day after lunch, probably with a gleeful
smile and his tongue joyously out.
Nobody ever adds up past attitudes, to see
what part they played in producing present re-
Actually (surprise! surprise) this country is
still a democracy. The steel decision was a
democratic decision, reached after consulta-
tion with the industry. The President, and
this, too, may surprise you, was absolutely
without power, under our way of life, to run
counter to the solemn findings of that industry
and its journalistic supporters. The ensuing.
noise would simply have been too sharp, too
high. These curbs on the President are as
sharp as anything in the Constitution.
JOINT AND MUTUAL MUDDLING
BUT next to no expression is ever given to the
obvious truth that a good deal of our mud-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
SUNDAY, FEB. 28, 1943
VOL. LIII No. 101
All notices for the Daily official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by11:30 a.m.
Public Health Assembly: Doctor Albert
McCown, Medical Director of the Ameri-
can Red Cross, will speak before a Public
Health Assembly at 4:00 p.m. on Monday,
March 1, in the Auditorium of the Kellogg
Foundation Institute on "The Red Cross
and the War."
The public is invited to attend the lec-
Faculty, College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts: The regular meeting of the
faculty will be held in Room 1025 Angell
Hall on Monday,March 1, at 4:10 p.m.
The reports of the various committees
have been prepared in advance and are
included with this call to the meeting.
They should be retained in your files as
part of the minutes of the March meeting.
Edward H. Kraus
1. Consideration of the minutes of the
February meeting. pp. 932-935, which have
been distributed by campus mail.
2. Consideration of reports submitted
with the call to this meeting.
a. Executive Committee-Professor L.
b. Executive Board of the Graduate
School-Professor C. S. Schoepfle.
c. University Council-Professor H. H.
d. Deans' Conference-Dean E. H.
3. New Business.
School of Music Faculty Meeting will be
held at 4:15 p.m., Tuesday, March 2, in
Room 305, School of Music Building. All
members of the faculty are asked to
job, and we cease to be democrats
-when we want to assess the
blame. We tap a toplofty blackjack
on the skulls of those who want more
steel mills; we create a political cli-
mate in which those mills cannot be
German Table for Faculty Members will
meet Monday at 12:10 p.m. in the Found-
ers' Room, Michigan Union. Members of
all departments are cordially invited.
There will be a brief talk on "Soziologie
in der Praxis" by Mr. Hanns Pick.
Fraternities and Sororities: Student pro-
tection against tuberculosis concerns non-
student adult house janitors and food
handlers. House heads are advised to
check on this before employment. Check-
ing may be done by sending them with a
letter to the Health Service between 10 and
12, or 2 and 4 on week days, except Satur-
day. An x-ray examination will be given
at small cost to the house.
Warren E. Forsythe, M.D.
Director, Health Service
Seniors in Engineering & Wood Technol-
ogy: Mr. C. E. Lentz, General Superinten-
dent, of The Singer Manufacturing Com-
pany, South Bend, Ind., will interview
Seniors in Engineering & Wood Technol-
ogy, on Friday, March 5, for prospective
positions with their company. They are
now engaged in building airplanes and air-
plane parts. Students who have an interest
in this field, particularly in ply-wood con-
struction, are most desired.
Interviews will be held in Room 218 West
Engineering Building andinterview sched-
ule is posted on the Bulletin Board at
Room 221 West Engineering Bulding.
University Lecture: Professor R. S. Knox,
Department of English, University of Tor-
onto, will lecture on the subject, "Recent
Shakespearian Criticism," under the auspi-
ces of the Department of English Language
and Literature, on Monday, March 1, at 3:15
p.m. in the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is invited.
University Lecture: Sir Bernard Pares,
English historian and diplomat, will lec-
ture on the subject, "Russia Now," under
the auspices of the Department of His-
tory, on Tuesday, March 9, at 4:15 p.m. in
the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Sigma Xi Lecture: Dr. D. W. Bronk, Pro-
fessor of Biophysics, Director of the John-
son Research Foundation and Director of
the Institute of Neurology of the Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania, will speak on the
A cademic Notices
Bacteriology 312 Seminar will meet Tues-
day, March 2, at 4:15 p.m. in Room 1564
East Medical Building. Subject: "Growth
Requirements of a Butyl-Acetone Organ-
ism." All interested are invited.
Math. 348, Seminar in Applied Mathe-
matics, will meet on Monday at 4:00 p.m.
in 318 west Engineering Bldg. Dr. Thrall
will talk on matrices.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will meet
on March 3 at 7:30 p.m., in Room 319,
West Medical Building. "The Utilization
of Carbon Dioxide" will be discussed. All
interested are invited.
College of Literature, Science, and the
Arts, Schools of Education, Forestry, Music,
and Public Health: Students who received
marks of I or X at the close of their last
semester or summer session of attendance
will receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up by
March 8. Students wishing an extension
of time beyond this date in order to make
up this work should file a petition ad-
dressed to the appropriate official in their
school with Room 4 of U.H. where it will
Robert L. Williams, Asst. Registrar
Students who plan to enter one of the
following professional schools: Law, Busi-
ness Administration, or Forestry and Con-
servation at the beginning of the summer
term on the Combined Curriculum must
file an application for this Curriculum in
the Office of the Dean of the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, 1210 An-
gell Hall, on or before March 1, 1943. After
this date applications will be accepted only
upon the presentation of a satisfactory ex-
cuse for the delay and the payment of a
fee of $5.00.
German I Make-up Final Examination
will he given Saturday, March 6, 10 to
12 a.m., in room 306 University Hall.
Students who plan to take this examina-
tion must obtain written permission from
their Fall term instructors and sign in
the office of theaGerman Department,
204 University Hall. In other courses
make-up examinations will be arranged by
the instructors concerned with students
who are entitled to them.
Make-up examination for Psychology 31,