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October 10, 1942 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-10-10

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Continued Cool

VOL. LII No. 6 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, OCT. 10, 1942

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Wolverines

ace

Iowa

France

* *

Blasted

-By .

Giga

Seahawks
ntic . S.

Here
Aerial

Today
Attack

Soviet Forces
Stop German
Advance East
Of Stalingrad
Defending Armies Crush
Nazi Thrusts To Volga;
Penetration In Kalmyck
Region Threatens Reds
Russian Guerrillas
Fight Behind Lines
By HENRY C. CASSIDY
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, Oct. 10. (Saturday)-
Stalingrad's defenders were reported
officially today to have smashed two
German attempts to break through
to the Volga eastof the city, but dis-
patches said a new threat had devel-
oped in a Nazi advance across the arid
Kalmyck region toward Astrakhan on
the Caspian Sea.
The midnight Russian communique
did not mention th Kalmyck area
south of Stalingrad after the govern-
ment newspaper Izvestia told for the
first time of a German penetration
there. Nazi seizure of Astrakhan at
the mouth of the Volga would spare
the Germans further costly losses in
frontal attacks on Stalingrad and at
the same time control that vital Rus-
sian communications artery..
No Evidence Of German Claims
There was no immediate evidence
here to bear out the German radio
report that the Nazis were counting
on their artillery and dive-bombers
instead of their infantry lhenceforth
in the battle to reduce Stalingrad,.
Nazi infantry still is attacking the
city, but if It Is withdrawn it would be
a tacit admission that the Germans
again had miscalculated the strength
of Soviet resistance as they did in the
battle for Moscow last year.
Russians Would Welcome Artillery
As far as an artillery duel at Stalin-
grad is concerned the Russians prob-
ably would welcome it for Soviet ar-
tillery still is referred to here as "the
god of war," and always has given a
good account of itself.
Both tank-supported German ef-
forts to crash through Stalingrad to-
ward the Volga were crushed on the
city's outskirts, the communique said.
One German infantry company was
wiped out, it added.
One Red Army unit fighting in the
same general area, a workers' settle-
ment in the northwestern outskirts,
was reported to have killed 300 Ger-
mans in breaking out of a German
ring which had been closed on it for
several days.
Positions Are Stalemated
Northwest of Stalingrad where a
Soviet relief offensive has sought to
ease the pressure on Stalingrad, the
Russians "fortified their occupied po-
sitions and on separate sectors en-
gaged in battles of local importance."
Thus, as Stalingrad entered its 47th
day, of siege, the general position was
one of stalemate, the communique
indicated.
But on a sector of the northwestern
front, presumably near Leningrad,
the Russians acknowledged that Ger-
man infantry supported by 30 tanks
had ousted the Red Army from two
populated places after losing ten of
their tanks and suffering heavy cas-
ualties.
War Work Halted
As Union Disputes
Rules OnSmoking

DETROIT, Oct. 9.- (P)- A dispute
over smoking by war workers in the
Chrysler Corporation's Jefferson Ave-
nue plant partially halted operations
today, and management and union
leaders disagreed over what hap-
pened.
A statement issued by the Corpora-
tion, describing the affair as "definite
sabotage against the nation's war ef-
fort," said 400 employes who started
smoking on the job "simultaneously

U.S. Moves To Abolish
ExterritorialityIn China
State Department Displays Its Readiness To Forfeit
Privileges For Better United Nations Relations
By WADE WERNER
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON, Oct. 9.- To an embattled China on the eve of its na-
ticnal anniversary, the United States tonight announced its willingness to
abolish promptly by treaty the system of extraterritorial rights it has enjoyed
in that country for nearly 100 years.
Great Britain, the State Department added, "shares this government's
views and is taking similar action."
The United States decision was communicated to Chinese Ambassador
Wei Tao-Ming by Sumner Welles, Acting Secretary of State. Welles told the
Ambassador that the United States plans to present a draft treaty to the
Chinese Government for its consideration in the near future.
n This treaty would provide "for the

Willkie Evades
Jap Bombing
in North China
President's Representative
Takes Shelter In Ditch
As Shells Burst Nearby
-BULLETIN-
CHUNGKING, Oct. 10., (Satur-
day)-- (?)-- Wendell Wilkie per-
sonal- representative ofPresident
Rhos velt on a.tour of war fronts,
left China yesterday, flying home-
w ard.,
WITH THE CHINESE ARMY IN
NORTH CHINA, Oct. 9.- (A')- The
Japanese have failed again in what
appears to have been a determined
effort to get Wendell Wllkie.
Thirty-five Japanese planes bomb-
ed ;the Honan Province City of Loy-
an' yesterday and machine-gunned a
railway coach on a siding there which
evidently they believed was the one
carrying President Roosevelt's per-
sonal representative on his tour of the
North China battle zone.
But Willkie wasn't in it; it wasn't
even Willkie's car, although it was
painted the same blue as the special
sleeper which had been used for part
of the journey on the Lunghai Line.
Willkie did not learn oftthe attack
until he had finished his tour of the
Chinese front lines on the south bank
of the Yellow River, where he missed
enemy shelling by only a half hour.
The fact that the raid was the first
of large scale in that area for a num-
ber of months indicated that the Jap-
anese were out to get China's dis-
tinguished visitor, who remarked: "I
am complimented that they pay me
so much attention."
Comment On Wilkie
Refused By Roosevelt
WASHINGTON, Oct. 9.-()-Pres-
ident Roosevelt refused today to dis-
cuss where or to what extent Wendell
L. Willkie represented the White
House on his tour of battle areas, say-
ing that it would be used politically
as it already had been treated last
week.
Planes 'Bomb
Japanse Held
KiskaIslands
WASHINGTON, Oct. 9.- (I)-The
Army Air Forces dropped 15 tons of
bombs on the Japanese base at Kiska
Island last Tuesday, the Navy an-
nounced today, indicating that a sys-
tematic campaign had been under-
taken to reduce to rubble and ruin
this last enemy stronghold in the
Aleutians.
The Navy communique said that
the Tuesday raid was carried out by
the Army's B-24 "Liberator" bombers
escorted by P-39 "Airacobra" and
P-38 "Lightning" fighter planes-all
operating from the new advance air
base in the Andreanof Islands.

immediate relinquishment of this
country's extraterritorial rights in
China and for the settlement of re-
lated questions."
Abolition of the extraterritorial
rights would have little immediate
practical effect, in view of the fact
that the most important areas in
which those rights were enjoyed now
are occupied by Japanese troops.
From the point of view of China's
nation aims, however, such voluntary
relinquishment of century-old rights
would be of immense importance, not
to speak of the lift it could be expect-
ed to give to the Chinese fighting
morale.
Achievement of "absolute equality"
among the nations through' abolition
of extraterritorial rights and related
privileges has been one of the aims of
nationalist China since the revolution
which overthrew the Manchu Dynas-
ty in 1911. Tomorrow is the 31st anni-
versary of that revolution, which gave
birth to the Chinese Republic.
The principal extraterritorial right
exercised in China by the United
States under various previous treaties
has been the right to maintain a
United States Court for China. Under
this right, Americans in China were
subject, not to Chinese courts, but to
American courts with jurisdiction
over both civil and criminal cases.
Other extraterritorial rights grant-
.ed Americans included the privilege
of holding land in China under leases
in perpetuity.
The State Department disclosed no
details of the proposed treaty.
House Group'
Debates Lack
Of Manpower
WASHINGTON, Oct. 9.- (I)-Pro-
posals all the way from a "till the soil
or fight" order to cash subsidies to
farm labor confronted the House Ag-
riculture Committee today as it set
about writing its answer to one of the
war's most pressing economic ques-
tions: "How you going to keep 'em
down on the farm?"
Meanwhile, empasizing the urgency
of the farm labor situation, 15 farm
state Senators petitioned Selective
Service to freeze dairy and livestock
workers on the farms for the next
three months, to prevent "irreparable
injury" to food production.
Still another proposal was con-
tained in a bill introduced by Senator
Taft to create a new Office of Man-
power Director with authority oVer
recruiting for the armed services, in-
dustry, agriculture and other occupa-
tions. The present war manpower
commission would be abolished.

Raid Hits
Industrial
Network
100 American, 500 Allied
Planes Stage Greatest
Single Daylight Assault
Bombers Smash
GermanOpposition
By WES GALLAGHER
By The Associated Press
WITH THE U.S. BOMBER COM-
MAND IN ENGLAND, Oct. 9.-More
than 100 American Fortress and Lib-
erator bombers with an escort of 500
Allied fighter planes made the great-
est single daylight aerial attack of the
war on Hitler's industrial and trans-
port system today at Lille in Occu-
pied France.
The raiders directed by Maj-Gen.
Carl Spaatz Commander of the U.S.
A. A. F. in the European 'theater,
smashed factories and railroad yards
against strong Nazi opposition and
came home with only four of 600
planes missing.
Liberators Pas First Test
In operation beside the battle-test-
ed Fortresses were the American Lib-
erators, triumphatly passing their
first tests in this b#tte zone. Both are
four-motored planes.
The raid vwas greater than anything
thrown by the Nas. against England
in the dark days of the 'Battle of
Britain, before the Luftwaffe called
off their daylight attacks-and con-
centrated on night raids.
The official communique announc-
ed the great Allied fighter escort
knocked down at least five German
fighters today in widespread aerial
dogfights but no attempt has been
made so far to total up the number
shot down by bombers.
Liberators Get Nazis
The Liberators alone claimed an
unofficial total of seven Focke-Wulf
190's destroyed.
American airmen in the raid told
this correspondent that Nazi fighters,
including Reichsmarshal Goering's
proud yellow-nose squadron, had ma-
chine-gunned the crew parachuting
to earth from one crippled Fortress.
The greatest American aerial ex-
ploit of the war came two days after
the warning from the United States
Army by radio to the French people
to move away from factories produc-
ing for Germany.
Turn to Page 2, Col. 5
Portrayal By 'Squirt'
Gripes Former Great
Don't believe them when they tell
you the great never come back.
Gerald H. Hoag, manager of one
of the local theaters, was standing in
the lobby last night when he was ap-
proached by a tall, athletic stranger
who had just seen "The Pride of the
Yankees."
"Who's the little squirt playing my
part in the show?" the stranger began
the conversation.
"Who are you?" Hoag demanded.
"I'm the first baseman who didn't
feel good one day so Miller Huggins
told a college kid by the name of
Gehrig to sub for me," was the an-
swer.
Hoag looked it up and found the
stranger's name-Wally Pipp. He was
visiting his cousin Russell in town.

Captain George Ceithaml (left) and Forrest Evashevski will meet.
today in a role of instructor vs. studentwhen Michigan faces the Iowa
Seahawks. Ceithaml understudied Evashevski while the latter was
blocking the way for many Michigan victories. Evashevski will be acting
captain for the Seahawks today and will start in his familiar signal-
calling position.
Roosevelt Disregarded:
Senate Votes To Keep Present
Social Security Payroll Taxes
WASHINGTON, Oct. 9.- (A)- Disregarding a direct appeal from Pres-
ident-Roosevelt, the Senate voted 50 to 35 today to continue Social Security
pay roll taxes at their present rate, instead of doubling them on Jan. 1, 1943,
as originally planned.
During the day, Mr. Roosevelt addressed a letter to Chairman George of
the Senate Finance Committee saying the increase-from one to two per cent

Pals Face Each Other In Tilt Today

Will Clash
In Week's
Big Game

each on employer and employe-wast
necessary.
It is "not only in accord with the
necessities of the Social Security sys-
tem itself," he said, "but at the same
time would contribute to the non-in-
flationary financing of the rapidly
mounting war expenditures."
Senator Vandenberg led a success-
ful fight against the proposal, assert-
ing that Social Security funds already
exceeded the legal minimum. He pre-
sented figures to show that a Social
Security Tax of one per cent would
yield as much revenue next year as
the Treasury had originally expected
to derive from the two per cent rate.
Earlier, the Senate adopted a five
per cent "victory tax" levied on all
incomes of more than $624. The tax,
effective Jan. 1, 1943, would be de-
ducted from pay envelopes and salary
checks and paid directly to the gov-
ernment by the employer. It would be
collected in addition to the usual nor-
mal tax and surtaxes. The House has
yet to approve the levy.
In his letter, President Roosevelt
said the obligations arising from ben-
efits to be paid by the Social Security
System justified the increased rate.
"A failure to allow the scheduled
increase in rates to take place under
present favorable circumstances," he
said, "would cause a real and justifi-
able fear that adequate funds will not
be accumulated to meet the heavy ob-
ligations of the future and that the
claims for benefits accruing under
the present law may be jeopardized.
"This is the time to strengthen, not
to weaken the social security system.
It is time now to prepare for the se-
curity of workers in post-war years."

Chicago Gang
Wounds Guard
In Jail Breal
Terrible Touhy Mob Flees
Illinois Stateville Prison
In Spectacular Escape
JOLIET, Ill., Oct. 9.- (w)- Seven
convicts, including two top men in the
old "Terrible Touhy" gang, fled from
Stateville Prison today, leaving one
penitentiary guard shot and wounded
and another slugged.
Four of the escapees, led by Roger
Touhy, 44, ringleader in the gang that
once ruled Chicago's northwest side,
and Hugh Basil (The Owl) Banghart,
41, Touhy lieutenant, made their
breakc in a spectacular dash across
the prison yard during the afternoon
exercise period.
They fled in a small green sedan
parked outside the penitentiary.
State police with "shoot to kill"
orders were heavily concentrated on
highways leading toward Chicago and
one such detail tonight fired five
shots at a speeding light car which
dashed through a road blockade out-
side of Elmhurst, Ill., about 35 miles
north of Joliet. The automobile was
I headed west, toward Rockford, and
outdistanced pursuing officers on
Route 20.
A checkup showed three other mis-
sing, possibly escaping in the confu-
sion attending the flight of the Touhy
quartet.
Touhy and Banghart were serving
99-year terms for the 1933 kidnaping
of John (Jake the Barber) Factor.
A prison source which declined to
be quoted directly said Touhy, Bang-
hart, James O'Connor, 35, and Wil-
liam Stewart, 43, were exercising
when they turned on a guard and
slugged him, seizing his pistol.
Tomorrowu .. .
New DailyService
Tomorrow's Daily will bring you
a "paper-within-a-paper" for your
friends now in the armed forces of

Teams Will Enter Contest
With Hopes Of National
MythicalChampionship
Victor Will Zoom
Into Top Position
By BUD HENDEL
Daily Sports Editor
A fighting Michigan eleven and a
bruising band of Iowa Seahawks, two
great football teams with the path to
gridiron glory and greatness clearly
envisioned before them, will square
off in Michigan Stadium at 3 p.m.
today.
They'll pit power against power,
speed against speed and courage
against courage in the outstanding
game of theembryonic season and
the tilt which well may be the top
fray of the entire year.
Both teams enter this battle with
blazing hopes for the mythical na-
tional championship, sporting un-
defeated, untied records. Players
and coaches of both are acutely
aware that today's clash will either
knockthem from their lofty perch
or zoom them into the top position
of the nation's rankings.
Sparse Crowd Today
A sparse crowd of less than 30,000
fans is expected to witness the kick-
off, a surprising factor in light of the
importance of this contest. None-
theless, Ann Arbor is the nation's
football capital today.
Today's game will be the first in
history between these two powerful
rivals, but not between the two rival
coaches, Fritz Crisler of Michigan
and Bernie Bierman of the Sea-
hawks. Crisler has seen his Wolver-
ne teams go down in defeat only five
'imes since he came to Michigan
our years ago, and on four of these
occasions Bierman's mighty Minne-
3ota Gophers dealt the paralyzing
blow to Big Ten title hopes.
This fray will be the last for the
Wolverines before they inaugurate
:heir Conference schedule and their
bid for the Big Ten championship,
facing Northwestern here next week.
Championship At Stake
But today it will be the national
championship at stake, and for this
Trucial battle Michigan will be out
weighed and outmanned. Whether
or not they will be outfought and
outplayed will be decided in the
Stadium.
The battle will be in the nature
>f a homecoming for four of the
Seahawks, to say nothing of Bier-
man who tasted his sweetest success
here in the Michigan Stadium. The
four who return to the turf which
saw them star in their college days
while playing for Michigan are quar-
.erback Forrest Evashevski, end Har-
ln Fraumann and tackles Forest
Jordan and Bob Flora.
Evashevski has been named act-
ing Cadet captain for today's battle,
and he will start at the signal-call-
Turn to Page 3, Col. 1
Allies Smash
Japs' Bases
In Aitr Raids
HEADQUARTERS OF GENERAL
MAC ARTHUR, Australia, Oct. 10
(Saturday)- (A)- The largest force
of Allied heavy bombers yet hurled
against a Japanese base in the south-
west Pacific dumped 60 tons of ex-
plosives on Rabaul, New Britain, scor-
ing direct hits on jetties, machine
shops, supply dumps and other objec-
tives, it was announced officially to-
day.
Not a single Allied plane was lost
in this and other devastating raids
throughout the island area above
Australia, the communique said.
On the ground Australian patrols

i

IFC, PAN-HEL GO ON OFFENSIVE:

Homecoming Displays Tabooed

Michigan's Interfraternity and
lian-Hellenic Councils made another
contribution to the "abandoned for
the duration" list when they decreed
yesterday that colorful homecoming
displays in front of fraternity and
sorority houses are strictly taboo.

pected that this year fraternities will
spend at least this amount in stamps.
In addition, Fauver said, any as-
sessments usually made on house
members for homecoming dances are
to be used in the purchase of war
stamps.
Beginning next week, the two Greek

is within the rules of the contest for
a house to add bonds sold to itself toi
its total.E
Although the abolition of displaysI
had been suggested by the UniversityE
War Board and campus leaders, the
decree was voluntary on the part ofs
the Greeks.

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