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January 24, 1943 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-01-24

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Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Boatd in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively'entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights.
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Editorial Staff

The heavens opened-

eLettCP6 to the 6dtor

,omer Swander
Morton Mints.
Will Sapp .
George W.Sallad6
Charles Thatcher
mernard lendel
Barbara deFries
Myron Dann .

. Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
. - A city Editor
. Associate Editor
* .Associate Editor
. . Sports Editor
. . Women's Editor
Associate Sports Editor

Business Staff
Edward J. perlberg

Pursuit Of Truth,
To the Editor
For several years, I have won-
dered why the University of Win-
nemac in Sinclair Lewis' Arrow-
smith was often thought to be the
University of Michigan. After learn-
ing -of the Michigan Daily-Board
dispute, the comparison becomes
quite apparent.
"Winnemae is the property of
the people of the state, and what
they want-or what they are told
they want--is a mill to turns out
men and women who will lead
moral lives, play bridge, drive good
oars, be enterprising in business,
and occasionally mention books,
though they are not expected to
have time to read them. It is a Ford
Motor Factory, and if its parts
rattle a little, they are beautifully
standardized, with perfectly inter-
changeable parts."
The actions of the Board and
Professor Coffey's letter show that
their conception of a university is
pretty well summed up in this ques-
tion. But a university ought to be
dedicated to the pursuit of truth.
Not only does the Board try to dis-
courage the seeking of the truth,
but it also tries to forbid the pub-
lishing of it. They are trying to de-
feat the primary purpose of Educa-
tion in order to appease the critics
who are afraid to have the truth
Students are taught that the es-
sence of. democracy is freedom of
the press and freedom of thought
and action, but any attempt of the
students to apply these theories
is quickly crushed by the Board.
This attitude prevails throughout
the campus, the controversy with
The Daily being the most widely
The only way Democracy can
survive is to have the truth known
so that we can learn of the prevail-
ing evils and rectify them. But the
Board, safe in their little niche,
have shown little or no interest in
the work of The Daily and are only
heard of when they wish to appease
someone. Evidently they are more
fearful of the wrath of the minority
than the desires of the majority,
thereby throttling a democratic
principle. If the action of the Board

is any criterion, we are only dis-
guising the practices of a dictator-
ship under the name of Democracy.
And if we cannot save Democracy
here in the United States, how can
we expect to save it across the At-
Ethel Shirwindt
Freedom Of Speech
To the Editor:
In the past few days I have be-
come increasingly interested in the
fight between The Daily and the
Board in Control of Student Pub-
lications. (How could I heln it when
it is played up on the front page
every day?)
Censoring of the paper-whether
it is a fact and by whom it is
done-has entered the picture and
been argued over at length. When
this issue was brought up I could
not help thinking about an as-
signed English essay which I had
read a few days ago. It was "The
Indispensable Opposition" by Wal-
ter Lippmann. There are several
important passage in this essay
which I believe apply to The
Daily's fight. Mr. Lippman says
that the creative principle of free-
dom of speech is not a system for
tolerating the error, but that it is
a system for fighting the truth. "It
may not produce the truth or the
whole truth all the time, or often,
or in some cases ever. But if the
truth can be found, there is no
other system which will normally
and habitually find so much truth.
Until we have thoroughly under-
stood this principle, we shall not
know why must value our liberty,
or how we can protect and develop
"We. may picture freedom as ex-
isting .,. .in a reputable newspaper
which not' only will publish the
opinions of those who disagree but
will re-examine its own opinion in
the light of what they say. For ex-
periene tells us that it is only when
freedoin of . opinion becores the
compulsion to debate that the seed
which our fathers planted has pro-
duced its fruit. When that is under-
stood, freedom will be cherished not
because it is a vent for our opinions,

Business Manager

Fred M. Ginsberg
May Lou Curran
Jane Lindberg .
James Daniels .

Associate Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Sales Analyst

Telephone 23-24-1 4
- i
Editorials published in The Michigan Dailyv
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers, only. 1943,Chicago TimesIn(

Arrange New Schedules
To Fit In War Activities
HIS IS for those of us who will be back in'
school next semester.
Many of us are being allowed to remain, for
,he time being at least, because our government
eels that by staying in school we will be able to
do that much more toward eventually aiding the
War effort. Others of us are ineligible for military
service for one reason or another.
But because of this we cannot sit back and
feel that we are doing all that can be expected
of us or that there is nothing for us to do.
The Manpower Corps has planned an extensive,
useful program that will enable us to do our
bit. But it cannot be carried out successfully
without the wholehearted co-operation of the
remaining student-body.
Among other things it has arranged a program
to help alleviate the serious labor shortage in
Ann Arbor restaurants; it has promised the sup-
port of Michigan men in a huge far construction
job now going on in Ypsilanti. In short the Man-
power Corps has arrange'd a series of projects,
all of great importance to the war effort, which
depend for their success on the enthusiasm,
patriotism, and wilingness to pitch-in of every
student remaining in school.
Work on the Ypsilanti project, for instance;
vill have to be done in one of two shifts, one
running from 8 to 12 and the other from 1 to
a p.m. In order to work on this definitely esse~tial
eonstruction job, then, students will have to plan
their school work accordingly. The same is true
of many of the other projects. The restaurant
jobs, for example, call for a different distribu-
tion of time, but a planned distribution neverthe-
1ss. A word with the Manpower Corp before
classification would clear up these dificulties for
all who realize that playing a concrete part
n successfully carrying out these activities is
he least they can do and still claim they are
"all out behind the war effort."
-Jim Wienner
Domfinic Say1VJs
UCH CAN be learned from the effort being
made by Army chaplains to quickly locate
the emotionally maladjusted draftee and attempt
a therapy. The chaplains, one for every 1,200
Wien, must go to the personnel files, select data
which indicate behavior patterns, compile at
once the list of men who "can take it" and an-
Kher list of those who should be "re-educated."
Then his interviews begin. All chaplains, lieuten-
Nits, and sergeants continuously make observa-
tions. The chaplain, moving among these officers
and men, if he has insight, will become the per-
sonal ally of each individual. When the group
behavior and the personnel record coincide and
these findings get to the desk of the chaplains,
the real task is undertaken.
*;ERE THE chaplains at institutions of higher

Outgoing Editors Urge
A Never-Ending Fight
RETIRING EDITORS usually write a lot of
sentimental tripe in their farewell editorial;
all we will say is this:
If you do this, people will either sneer or pat
you on the head and tell you that you are young
and "idealistic." They will tell you that the
University must be "practical" and train stu-
dents for a "practical world," that there is no
place for idealism in a practical world.
They will tell you this because they are old
and tired, dried up, stagnant both mentally and
morally. They have lost all hope of getting a
better world and they have lost their faith in
the common people and in freedom.
Of course, they never put it in those terms
themselves. They couch their feelings (or lack
-of them) in words like, "you can't remake the
world overnight, you must be patient, you must
take things easy." In other words, go under or
around things-never through them.
These tired, old men-many of whom were
never really young-picture themselves as the
good people of the earth. Actually they are just
the opposite; they are a drag on the progress
of the world. And they try to force youth to
side with them.
ONE of the greatest disappointments in our
college life was to find men of this kind
sprinkled through the faculty of as great a Uni-
versity as Michigan.
They will do their best to wear you down
and make you tired along with them. They will
find your every weakness and use it to their own
advantage. They will alternately yell at you and
pat you on the head; they will smile and hit you
from behind.
The important thing to remember is that
you cannot compromise with them, you can-
not appease them, you cannot make peace with
them. You have to fight, you have to fight
every minute and all of the way. And you have
to fight like hell.
-Homer Swander, Managing Editor
Morton Mintz, Editorial Director
Will Sapp, City Editor
George Sallad6, Associate Editor
Charles Thatcher, Associate Editor
thinks that his corporal or captain "picks on
him," who is listless while orders are given and
always last to obey even though he tries to do
so, who flies into a rage, who gets mad at a
machine when some defect appears, who re-
peatedly tangles with his bunk mates, who is
systematically last to get a regular task per-
formed, who sulks, and he who seems to have
left something behind and must keep his mind
struggling with a problem outside the camp.
These and a score of other items, just like nail-
biting among children, are items in behavior
which indicate deeper conflicts. In turn, these
deeper conflicts may have been caused and con-
tinued by given conditions at home, relations
between parents which built a fear, sicknesses at
home, loss of friend or relative, the distrust of
officials of aims in the war itself. Even those
small items as care of the favorite dog, the
welfare of a saddle horse, proper use of a farm
which has a grip on the soldier's imagination,
or the care of a tree which will take seven years
to develop, may be focal points which indicate
a fixation able to thwart and prevent well-being.

I'd[ Rather
Be Right_
NEW YORK-Ah, truth, truth, what is truth?
Truth is that the Senate of the United States is
keeping a vigilant watch on our diplomatic per-
sonnel, as is shown by its hand-rubbing warm-up
for the investigation of Ed Flynn.
The truth would seem to be that the Senate
of the United States is determined that whoever
represents us abroad must represent the best in
American democracy, ti da ti da.
Ah, truth. But the Senate has yet to say a
word about another American minister, Mr.
Robert Murphy, who represents us in North
Africa, and who has shown such a high toler-
ance for ex-Vichy collaborators that he has
set a large part of the world to rumbling with
Truth is that the Senate of the United States
becomes much more excited about paving-
blocks than about Darlan.
Yet truth, that sly wanton, if cornered, might
be heard to say that we would have been better
off had we been represented in North Africa by
a man who was up to his ears in paving blocks,
but hated collaborators, than by a man who was
up to his ears in collaborators and hated paving
AH, TRUTH, TRUTH. $he is a raffish jade.
The other day she heard the Republicans
planning to hire a special group of experts to
advise them on how much money could be saved
out of the 109-billion-dollar war budget. Sitting
on the railing of the Senate press gallery, and
swinging her slipper gaily from a shapely. toe,
truth murmured that it was all in the point of
view. Some people worry, she said, about how
many pennies can be saved out of 109 billions,
while others prefer to think about what sort of
world we are going to get for our 109 billions.
While a number of members considered a motion
to expel her from the chamber, she added that
some minds just seem to focus best on pennies
and paving blocks. And, she continued, if you
hold a penny or a paving block close enough
to your eye; it can hide all of North Africa.
COUPLE OF DAYS LATER, she turned up in
one of the cloakrooms, where she was dis-
covered hanging by her instep from a chandelier
and humming a song about how when Willkie
came back from his trip last fall, and said that
some of our diplomatic representatives abroad
were insufficiently excited about the proper
aspirations of the Chinese, etc., not a Republican
turned a hair, and nothing was done.
(Not that she's for Ed Flynn, she giggled,
but what is this magic in naving blocks that
at last gets the Congress aroused about the
quality of our diplomatic personnel?)
Ah, truth, truth. What is truth? Can the
truth be that the opposition Senators, in spite
of their warm feeling against the President, have
avoided all prior arguments over our diplomacy
because each of these involved taking a nore
liberal, a more democratic, a more United-
Nations sort of position on world affairs? To
argue against Mr. Murphy in North Africa, or
against the uninspired quality of our representa-
tion in China, you would have to argue for more
rimvr~v mres hroth~rhoodi of man Andi thus.

,y AXE toDA

but because it is the surest method
of correcting them.
"The only reason for dwelling on
all this is that if we are to preserve
democracy we must understand its
principles. And the principle which
distinguishes it from all other forms
of government is that in a democ-
racy the opposition is not only tol-
erated as constitutional, but must be
maintained because it is in fact in-
dispensable. The democratic system
cannot be operated without ef-
fective opposition."
-George Darrow
board-Daily Cooperation
To the Editor:
I wonder if a member of the staff
of so 'docile and well-mannered a
publication as the 'Ensian might
slip his two-bits into the argu-
ment? I mean, of course, the
Daily-Board controversy. Like ev-'
eryone else, I've been watching the
fight with great interest. I've even
dared to wander from the neat,
"well-kept" 'Ensian office upstairs
to that "unkept" tinder box of cam-
pus journalism. I did not see any-
one throwing matches into waste
baskets, although quite a few of
the boys and girls were meditating
over a rubber or two of bridge. Let
us call that journalistic license and
forget it.
To get down to the point. It is
pretty common knowledge that
there are two sides to most all ques-
tions. This squabble is no excep-
tion. Undoubtedly, the Board in
Control has some duty other than
the appointment of editors once
or twice a year.nThat duty, I think
is to keep the editors within the
bounds of the code of ethics, to
help avoid petty controversies, and
to give constructive criticism when
editorials or write-ups are openly
biased or untrue. No doubt they
were justified in putting the clamp
on the Flynn (Errol not Ed) case,
since it apparently violated the
code. One the other hand, I can
see no reason for interfering with
the Ruthven-war attitude case, the
Engine English profs case or the
like. Students and readers have a
right to know the why and where-
fore of campus affairs of this na-
ture. I read all of these articles and
found nothing unfair, petty or sen-
sational about The Daily's attitude.
As a matter of fact, I think Homer
Swander's editorial on President
Ruthven and the war was a thor-
oughly fair, thoroughly mature
piece of journalism.
Of course, The Daily makes mis-
takes, and at times seems unsound
in its opinions. Recall, for instance
the violent "failure of democracy"
editorials the morning after the
November elections. But those
write-ups were answered and re-
butted quite promptly, and by the
students. 'It was an example of the
kind of interchange if ideas and.
opinions that we Americans like to
boast about.
The whole question seems to be
one of the exact duties and respon-
sibilities of both the editors and the
board. Here is one student's
opinion ...
I want my college newspaper
to be an organ of free, thoughtful
student opinion. I do not choose
to have its editorial pages truckle
to any vested interests, nor fear
offending any staunch citizens. I
ask that its editors remember
their responsibility to the student
body, the University and the peo-
ple of the state. This can be
done no better way than by being
loyal to such old, often-forgotten
journalistic pledges as seeking
the truth, and reporting it hon-
estly. With a few minor excep-
tions, I think The Michigan
Daily has attempted to abide by
these principles.

I want the Board in Control,
likewise, to be a free, thoughtful
group of men, who make certain
that the editors abide by the code
of ethics, who have some under-
standing of the purposes of a news-
paper in a free nation, who know
a little, at least, of the workings of
that paper, and who regard them-
selves not as censors of the editors,
but as co.workers with the editors.
I want them to be the kind of men
who are respected by the students,
men to whom a student writer
might go for advice and counsel.
And I want student writers with
enough humility and sense to real-
ize that a little advice and counsel-
ing is not always a bad thing.
Most of all, I want a newspa-
per and a board that work to-
gether for a common interest and
a common purpose. Today the
battle is on, and the tongues and
tempers are mildly warm, if not
hot. We are all getting a lot of
stored-up opinions off our pro-
verbial chests. I wonder who will
be big enough to foster a little
cooperation, a little understand-

I have just about finished foura
years of academic work now, and ans
old Daily tradition demands that If
hurl my books at the steps of Angell
Hall, wail a murrain at the Univer-
sity and walk wistfully out to meetr
the disillusionment of life.E
The way I feel about it, I wouldl
just as soon throw Angell Hall at myS
books, because there is nothing wrong
with my books, and when I walk out
into life I will have behind me a
sufficient amount of disillusionment1
to last for a long time.
I can't imagine ever spending again
four .years so full of happiness andx
pleasant living; my only complaint
is that so little of the meaning of
those four years was contributed by1
the University proper.
I know that the basic educational
system as set up here is wrong, almost
tragically wrong. I know that I leave
here about twenty times less educa-t
ted than I could have been. It's partly<
but not all my fault; you can say that7
the opportunities were here had I
only wished to grasp them; but no
one (or practically no one) encour-
aged me to grasp them, and worse, a
premium was placed on superficiality,
on memory as distinguished from total
intelligence, on grades, and a spas-
modic bluebook. I have a 3.5 average,
and it means a prideful accomplish-
ment only in about five classes out-
side my field of concentration.
Some of my classes have been good
because some of my professors have
been good; but the total picture is
In one of my classes I heard of
an American who was interested in
the human mind, and who taught
five year olds to think in abstrac-
tions; I would guess that not 25 per
cent of the graduating twenty year
olds of this college really think of
democracy as other than a sterile two
party system, that 25 per cent would
scoff if you told them that this was
a war of ideas, that 25 per cent have
never heard of ideas.
That I think is the worst criticism;
few here have learned, to think, few
here are encouraged to think.
It's unfair to say all this without
the sufficient qualifications due the
number of terribly good guys on the
faculty, people who are really warm
her toes, while the statesmen, blush-
ing suddenly, looked the other way.
Ab tith .truth. Tt is almost as if

and intelligent and sometimes in-
But the University as a whole still
falls down pretty awfully.
When I came here as a freshman
I was talking one day to a faculty
man who said that the purpose of
education is to prepare you for life.
He cited the way that some of the
younger. generation have an idealized
viewpoint, and that the University
should teach that there is evil in the
The University has taught me that
lesson well; I wish it had been
through words rather than examples.
Since I have been here I have only
been able to look up on the adminis-
tration with extreme mistrust, a mis-
trust which was the more frightening
by reason of the respected position
the heads of the University occupy
in public. I have particularly come
in contact with the Board in Control
of Student Publications; they have
called me down several uncomfort-
able times. But only one man on that
Board has ever bothered to explain
some, action of mine which he
thought distasteful in any terms
which it was possible for a human
being to tolerate.
I have seen the administration as
represented by the Board try to quell
Daily stories; the one that made the
greatest impression on my mind is
now a dead issue. There was labor
trouble in the League, and The Daily
was asked not to editorialize about
it. But no one objects to our editor-
ials on labor trouble in San Fran-
cisco. You can think about anything
except that which affects your daily
living. You can discuss democratic
living in the classroom, but you dare-
n't try to put it into effect because
this is a state institution.
I have of course emphasized the
part played by the inadequacy of the
system and its frightened administra-
tion. What the college proper has
done for me is of little importance;
some few men have helped to guide
my faltering steps to a humanistic
philosophy of life; and I've learned
that there is evil. Everything else
has been my friends, but I don't feel
like breaking tears into print, and
I'd just like to keep them to myself.
The big thing in my life now is of
course the war to which I go in three
weeks. To mee the war is, a fight for
the possibility of progress, and I hope
that the progress will rebound upon
the University.
I hate to be forced into cliches by
aidmitting that while this U~niversity

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