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January 24, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-01-24

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Moderate Snow









Soviet Army Occupies
Volokonovka, Railway
Junction near Highly
Important Nazi Bases
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, Jan. 23-The Red Army
has recaptured Armavir which con-
trols the Maikop oil fields in the Cau-
casus, and on the Voronezh front to
the north has occupied Volokonovka,
railway junction 78 miles northeast of
Kharkov and 50 miles east of Bel-
gorod, two highly important Nazi
bases, a special communique an-
nounced tonight.
On the Voronezh front 12,000 more
prisoners were taken, boosting the
total Axis captives to 64,000, and in
nine days since the offensive began
the Russians said they had routed 17
Axis divisions, nine of them Hungar-
Axis Troops Trapped
The seizure or Armavir was the big-
gest Red Army victory yet in the Cau-
casus. From that city runs the only
railway to, the Maikop oil fields and
to Tuapse on the Black Sea coast. The
latter is still in Russian hands and
Axis troops in between these points
now are imperilled.
(London sources estimated that
200,000 Axis troops were threatened
with encirclement in the Caucasus
just as an equal number was trapped
before' Stalingrad).
In taking Volokonovka on the fast
moving Voronezh front the troops of
Lieut. Gen. F. I. Golikov again cut the
Yelets-Kupyansk Ta.ilway in the sweep
toward the mnain Kursk-Kharkov line
beyond Volokonovka is about 22 miles
above Valuiki whi was taken several
;ays ago.
Voroshilovgrad Threatened
Voroshilovgrad, industrial center of
the Donets Basin to the south, also is
threatened with imminent seizure by
Russan troops who yesterday cap-
tured Kondrashevkaya, 10 miles to
the east, and Stanichno,Luganskoye,
only 12 miles away.
These troops driving into the
Ukraine may wheel southward toward
the Sea of Azov in an effort to com-
pletely encircle the Caucasian gate-
way city of Rostov.
(The midnight Soviet communique
recorded by the Soviet Monitor in
London said Gigant, only 775 miles
from Rostov, had fallen to the Rus-
sian troops that had seized Salsk,
railway junction 100 miles southeast
of Rostov. The Red Army also took
Razvilnoye, 20 miles southwest of
Salsk on the railway to Tikhoretsk
Enemy Trucks Captured
2,000 enemy trucks, an entire train-
load of supplies, and other important
equipment were captured yesterday,
this communique said, and hundreds
of Axis troops were killed or cap-
Rostov itself was in growing peril
from other Red armies less than 60
miles to the east on the Lower Don
beyond Salsk, the recaptured rail
junction and air base 100 miles to the
southeast; by forces on the railway to
Voronezh, 75 miles to the north; and
by the Caucasus armies up the Baku
railway less than 200 miles away.
Bach Program
to Be Played

in Concert Here
As their second concert of the year,
the University Symphony Orchestra
under the direction of Prof. Eric De-
Lamarter ,will present an all-Bach
program at 8:30 p.m. today in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
This concert will feature Joseph
Brinkman, pianist, and Wassily Bese-
kirsky, violinist, of the music school
faculty as soloists in the "Branden-
burg Concerto, No. 5." Jean Jeffrey,
'43, will also be heard on the solo flute.
The solo cantata for soprano,
"Praise Jehovah," will be performed
with Nancy Plummer Faxon of the

Prof. Throop 's Plan
Is a Step Forward
THIS IS OUR LAST PAPER, but the fight for a free campus paper
is not over.
We have said repeatedly in the last few days-and we have not
been challenged-that Prof. Gail E. Densmore could do the University
a great service by resigning his position. as chairman of the Board.
We fail to understand how a man can continue in such a post when
he has lost the respect of the people with whom he has to work. But
it begins to look as though Prof. Densmore intends to do just that.
However, Board-member Palmer Throop has done his best to
work out a plan acceptable to both sides. He suggests that The
Daily editors, rather than just the Board chairman meet "irate
members of the public," and that other Board members share the
duties of umpire with the chairman.
We thank Prof. Throop for his suggestion and his constructive
spirit. His plan should be put into immediate effect, for it would un-
doubtedly do much to avoid future friction.
It is not, however, the final solution to the problem. It is a
sedative, not a cure. The basic trouble lies with Prof. Densmore
and the attitude characterized by him. Until these are gone, rela-
tions with the Board can never again be of a sincerely amicable
FOR THE SAKE OF THE DAILY, and to aid the incoming editors,
we hope the Board adopts Prof. Throop's suggestions. And once
more before we leave, we ask Prof. Densmore, in the best interests
of the University and a free campus press, to resign his position.
-Homer Swander,- Managing Editor
Morton Mintz, Editorial Director
Will Sapp, City Editor

Recreation for Guadalcanal Marines


English Press on
Toward Tunisia

Allies Mop Up Parachutists; Planes
Blast Rommel Forces on Coastal Road,
Damage Boatloads of Enemy Officials
Associated Press Correspondent
Eighth Army captured Tripoli to finally topple Mussolini's African Empire
early today and raced on westward toward Tunisia where Allied troops were
mopping up Nazi parachutists trying to widen the 50-mile "bomb alley"
of escape left to Marshal Rommel's Axis forces fleeing into Tunisia.
General Montgomery's desert troops at 5 a.m. swept into Tripoli whose
dock depots and installations had been blasted both by Allied bombers and
Nazi demolition squads. Capture of this city was the ultimate triumph of

!. a

24,000 TONS:

Navy Officers
Lst in Pacific
Rear Admiral English
Was Aboard Transport
Three Pays Overdue
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 23-()-
Hopes were dimming tonight for tie
safety of Rear Admiral Robert H
English, commander of the Pacific
Fleet Submarine Force, and 18 other
persons aboard a Navy transport
plane missing since Thursday.
"The search is continuing," Navy
officials reported succinctly. That was
Names of those missing were made
public today today.
That the loss of so many high-
ranking officers was a severe blow was
easy to discern through terse state-
ments by Navy headquarters. Three
captains, three commanders and two
lieutenant commanders is a heavy toll
in the fighting forces.
One woman was aboard-Lieut.
(J.G.) Edna Owella Morrow, a Navy
nurse assigned to duty in the South
The plane was last heard from
Thursday morning, when it circled
the bay area unable to land because
of weather conditions. '
Whether the pilot sought a water,
landing at Clear Lake, which before
the par was an emergency landing
"field" form the Pan-American clip-
pers, or headed back to sea was not*
A brief flurry of excitement oc-
curred today when a packinghouse
workman, John Pianevilla of Santa
Cruz, saw an empty rubber life raft
floating ashore, several miles north
-of the city. Later a second raft came
in, and both were turned over to Army
officers. Investigation proved the
rafts had belonged to the Coast
Guard, and probably had slipped
away from the deck of some vessel.
American Air Way
Supremacy Forecast
WASHINGTON, Jan. 23--()-Rep.
Martin of Massachusetts, House Re-
publican leader, came out today for
establishment of a standing House
aviation committeeato promote Amer-
ican dominance of the world's airways
after the war and evpressed belief
that most Republicans on the military
ad naval committees would support
the proposal.
But strong opposition, stemming
principalyy from the Democratic
chairmen and members of the mili-
tary, naval and interstate commerce
committees, mapped a campaign to

Allied Planes
Night :and Day
Yanks Raid Sub Bases;
Five Fortresses Lost
LONDON, Jan. 23.-(A')-Waves of
night bombers roared eastward over
the English Channel tonight to con-
tinue virtually non-stop blows against
the Axis in Europe, winging away in
such force that the throaty proces-
sion took 25 minutes to cross the
The night raiders took off after
other Allied planes returned from
widespread daylight attacks, in
which American Flying Fortresses'
pounded the submarine pens at Lor-
ient and Brest, and American-made
RAF Mustangs struck at Nazi inland
5 Fortresses Lost
Five Fortresses were lost in the
smash at the submarine bases in the
Americans' third raid of this month.
It was the third attack on Lorient
and the second 'on Brest since the
U.S. air forces came to Britain.
Visibility over the targets was good
and excellent results were observed,
a joint communique by U.S. head-
quarters and the Air Ministry said.
The Forts encountered enemy
fighters over the submarine bases on
the Bay of Biscay, and shot down an
undisclosed number of them, the
communique added.
RAF Pounds Enemy
The RAF meanwhile hammered at
troops, trains, barges and tugs far-
ther inland, and more RAF planes
swarmed over Dover Strait just after
dusk tonight. Explosions were heard
a short time later from the French
A small force of Wellingtons and
Mosquitos of the bomber command
also struck at rail communications
in northwest Germany, said the Air
Ministry news service. One Mosquito
bombed two freight trains in the
marshalling yard outside Quaken-
bruck from 1,000 feet, and another
attacked from 700 feet.
Woollcott Dies in
New York Radio
Broadcast Studio
NEW YORK, Jan. 23-(P)-Alex-
ander Woollcott, 56, widely known au-
thor and actor died here tonight.
He had collapsed shortly after'
seven o'clock while partciipating in
a broadcast over the Columbia Broad-
casting system.
Woollcott, a veteran of the last
World War and a ferquent voice on

Guadalcanal Pastime-A U.S. Marine, dressed in native style,
takes advantage of a lull in the fighting' to try his luck at spearing
fish. Recreation is rare indeed on Guadalcanal where Americans
keep pressing the Japanese.
Prof. Bryson Says Graduates
Will Have World to Reconstruct



Mid-year degree candidates-hon-
ored at the first Mid-Year Gradua-
tion Exercises in the University's his-
tory-were told by Prof. Lyman Bry-
son of Columbia University that they
"have not only a war to fight and
win" but "also a world to straighten
When the f:ighting is over, Profes-
sor Bryson said, "the people of Amer-
ica will have the means with which
to build a new world civilization" in
which "the powers of reconstruction
can be free to build for men not only
in this country but for human beings
"No country but ours can give the
human and material help that will
be needed," he said. "It will be for
'No Country But Ours'
our own sake as well as theirs. The
time is past when any part of civili-
zation can be prosperous alone."
Professor Bryson spoke on "The
World We Want" before only 500 off
the 829 degree candidates. Next
week's final examinations were blam-
ed by University officials for the "dis-
appointing" turnout.
But the 500 degree candidates as-I
sembled in Hill Auditorium heard;
Professor Bryson tell that "it is a
fair criticism of education, I think,
to say that young men and women
have not been told that they would
have to make the world decent if
they expected it to be that way."
". ..If we take power and use it
in behalf of justice, we are in great
danger of using it for a less noble
purpose. It is always true that power
does not make right and may en-
danger judgment. But it is also true
-and this is the hard lesson we are
just beginning to learn-that power
is something which we must accept
with all its dangers until we have
created a world in which violence and
injustice are impossible.
Suffering and Despair
"No such world as that is in the
view of any prophet now. On the
contrary, the world we can see ahead,
not only for the length of your lives
but perhaps even beyond, is full of
suffering and despair," Bryson said.
"Men are going to be dangerous to
each other fora longtime to come.
The countries of Europe are going to
War Adds 138 More
to Navy Casualty List
WASHINGTON, Jan. 23. - (P) -
The Navy announced today 138 cas-
ualties, including seven dead, three
wounded and 128 missing.

be cut up by civil wars, by bloody,
quarrels among their leaders and be
hot with the fevers of revenge.
"If we Americans are to be in that
international world at all, if we do
not withdraw again into a shell of
isolation, we shall have to help com-
bat anarchy as we have fought
against aggression. We shall suffer
for it even if we do nothing about it."
Fears that America will suffer eco-
nomic and social depression were dis-
pelled by Professor Bryson.
There Will Still Be Jobs
"For these there seems to be not
good reasons unless we are too timid
and too lacking in imagination to
use the remedies that every economist
can tell you about. But even so, even
if the business and economic affairs
of this country do undergo violent
oscillations, there will still be jobs
for many young Americans."
During the recessional, President
Alexander G. Ruthven who intro-
duced Professor Bryson presented
scrolls of recognition to the degree
candidates. They bore the following1
"The University of Michigan con-
gratulates and bids God-speed to
those of its students who will be en-
titled to receive degress upon com-
pletion of the stated requirements,
at the end of the Fall Term of 1942-
Turn to page 2, col. 2
Duties of War
Board Group
Becrin Today
Newly chosen members of the Stu-
dent War Board will hold their first
meeting at 5 p.m. today at the Stu-
dent Offices of the Union at which
time Bob Matthews, president of the
outgoing Board, will outline the duties
and responsibilities of the group.
Included on the new board are six,
men and three women. Men repre-
sentatives are: John A Erlewine, '44,
Richard A. Ford, '44, Henry C. Loud,
'43, Edward J. Perlberg, '43, Robert L.
Schwyn, '44BAd, and William L. Ses-
sions,'43E. The women chosen to the
board are: Josephine Fitzpatrick, '44,
Marilyn Mayer, '44, and Ann Mac-
Millan, '44.
The new members will also select
a chairman from among their number
at the meeting today.
Members were selected in the fol-
lowing manner: Outgoing members of
the Board were asked to turn in the

Allies Hit Two
New Jap Ships
in Rabaul' Are(
AUSTRALIA, Sunday, Jan. 24-(A)-
Two more ships have been -it by
bombs at Rabaul, New Britain, where
earlier this week Allied planes dent
four vessels, totalling 24,000 tons, to
the bottom, the Allied high command
reported today.
At the same time, the noon com-
munique announced that all fighting
in the Papuan Peninsula, of New
Guinea, has ceased with 117. Japs
taken prisoner.
Five Jap Zero planes were downed
in dog-fighting which occurred dur-
ing the latest Rabual raid.
"Our heavy bombers attacked the.
harbor before 'dawn," General Doug-
las MacArthur's communique stated
"striking at shipping and airdromes
A fuel dump at Vunakanau was hit
and left burning furiously with nu-
merous explosions visible for 75 miles;
other bombs fell in the dispersal area
and blast bays. Vessels at anchor and
a convoy approaching the harbor
were bombed but searchlight glare
was such that results could not be ob-
"During the day, one of our heavy
bombers on armed reconnaissance
over the area seriously damaged a
12,000 ton transport in the harbor
with a direct hit and five near misses
and scored two near hits on an 8,000
ton ship north of Rabual which came
to a standstill. Twelve enemy fighters
intercepted the bomber in a running
fight lasting one hour and five min-
utes. Five enemy were destroyed and
two damaged. Our bomber returned
Ruthven Asks Men
to Stay in School
Many students who are enlisted
in the various reserve programs
are having difficulty deciding
whether or not it is worthwhile
to enroll in school for the second
semester. Unfortunately, the Uni-
versity does not have sufficient
information to advise the students
with any degree of confidence in
this matter. However, the follow-
ing statement has just been re-
ceived from the American Council
on Education and is submitted to
the students for their information
and to weigh as they see fit. It
must be remembered that this is
not to be regarded as an official
communication from the Army,
but simply as an indication of the
trend matters appear to be taking
in Washington.
"1. Administrative details of
the Army and Navy Training
Programs and of Selective Serv-
ice are still so much in the
formative stage and unavoidable
delays In putting them in oper-
ation are so probable that all
students whether or not in the
Army Enlisted Reserve Corps or
subject to Selective Service are
urged by the Army, Navy, and
the WMC to continue in college
until called and until definite
plans are developed. From the
viewpoint of the armed forces

a three-month push equivalent to the
istance from New York City to the
plains of Nebraska.
British Push West
The British then were reported to
have pushed on westward toward the
Tunisian border, 100 miles west of
Tripoli, where Allied planes pounded
Rommel's shattered troops on the
oastal highway and inflicted "great
Lamage" on boatloads of Axis offi-
ials fleeing the port of Zuara, 60
miles from Tripoli.
(The Admiralty in London also an-
iounced that light forces of the Roy-
al Navy bombarded Zuara early. Sat-
arday. "Good results, were achieved,
arge fires and explosions .being obb -
erved," the communique said. No
casualties nor damage was suffered
>y the British fleet.)
Axis Entrenched in Tunisia
Less than 0 miles separates Gen-
eral Montgomery's troops, and tie
Allied Tunisian forces in the Gafsa
area of Tunisia, but the Axis appar-
ntly is firmy entrenched all along
he eastern Tunisian coast where

The fall of Tripoli was more of
a "moral than a military or eco-
nomic" blow to the Italian people,
a German broadcast recorded by
the Associated Press said yesterday.
"Tripolitania had lost its impor-
tance since the beginning of the
war, and was less valuable econom-
ically than the fertile Cyrenaica,"
the broadcast said, and "since the
occupation of Tunisia by the Axis,
Tripolitania has almost completely
lost its military importance."
Rommel is withdrawing to join the
Axis troops under Gen. Jurgen Von
It also is believed that General
Montgomery's main forces would
have to pause for rest and reorgani-
zation after the long, exhausting haul
across Libya.
A French communique issued to-
night said fighting continued all day
in the mountainous central Tunisian
sector 20 miles northwest of Kai-
rouan where U.S. troops are aiding
the French.
Moroccans in Action
"After repulsing all enemy attacks
our forces regrouped in the region
north of the road which leads from
Ousseltia to Kairouan," the bulletin
"Fifteen kilometers (nine miles)
north of Ousseltia our Moroccan de-
tachments annihilated a German
During the day several enemy posts
surrendered and valuable material
was seized, the communique added.
Earlier British and French troops
were reported to have rolled back a
German tank column at least four
miles in the Kebir Valley.
Is Criticisedj
DETROIT, Jan. 23-(P)-Two CIO
leaders today characterized as "re-
grettable" and "misinformed" com-
ments by Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker
here last night on labor's role in war
Rickenbacher in an address follow-
ing a tour of war plants said that "if
you could understand what our boys
are doing in the hell holes through-
out the world that our way of life
may be preserved, you would not wor-
ry about eight hours a day, overtime,
or double time for Saturdays and
holidays." and pronosed Congress act

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