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January 20, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-01-20

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Eighth Army
Is 30 Miles
from Tripoli
Left Wing Sweeps
across Tripolitanian
Hump in Race to Cut
Ahead of Axis Forces
CAIRO, Jan. 19. - (P) - The left
wing of the British Eighth Army had
swept across the Tripolitanian hump
tonight to within 50 miles or less of
Tripoli in an inland dash apparently
intended to cut in ahead of Marshal
Rommel's fleeing Axis forces along
tge coast. The advance had carried
more than 40 miles within 24 hours.
(The Cairo radio, in a broadcast
heard in London by Reuters, reported
the British had swept to within 30
miles of Tripoli.)
The British right, driving along the
coastal road, had reached a point
beyond the settlement of Zliten in an
area 80-odd miles short of Tripoli
and it appeared more and more likely
that that great port, once the key to
Italy's colonial empire, would be in-
defensible, even assuming that a se-
rious Axis defense were offered.
Tank Fighting Brief
The British communique announc-
ing the extraordinarily rapid move-
ment of Gen. Sir Bernard L. Mont-
gomery's army, said his southern col-
umns had driven the enemy from the
Beni Ulid area in hot, brief tank
fighting, and were in contact as early
as last night with the Axis towards
Tarhuna, a town only 40 miles south-
east of Tripoli.
There was every indication that
the swift momentum of this pursuit
was rising rather than falling, and
thus that the approaches to Tripoli
were now in British hands in the
long march that had brought Sir
Bernard forward more than 1,100
miles since he broke Rommel's El
Alamein line in Egypt.
Air reconnaissance showed enemy
columns streaming westward toward
the Tunisian frontier with the Eighth
Army in relentless pursuit.
Tunisian Line Guarded
(If Rommel had the intention of
taking refuge behind the Tunisian
Mareth Line, however, he was racing
toward a position which already was
threatened by the flanking movement
of a force of fighting French and
Allied French of Gen. Henri Giraud,
who had joined hands in the Sahara.
(A French spokesman at North
African. Allied Headquarters said
these forces were threatening Gad-
ames from all sides after cleaning the
Turn to Page 4, Col. 3
to Consider
1% Reduction
LANSING, Jan. 19.--(P)-Legisla-
tion to reduce the state sales tax
from three to two per cent-esti-
mated to cost upwards of $26,000,000
in revenues annually-was prepared
for introduction in the legislature to-1
day by Senator Jerry T. Logie, Re-
publican, Bay City.
The sales tax this year is expected
to produce $80,000,000 in revenues.
Logie said the measure had a good
chance of passing because of the

large surplus which has been piled
up in the past two years.+
Another bill affecting that surplus,
the proposal by Sen. Otto W. Bishop,
Republican, Alpena, to create a $50,-
000,000 post-war reserve, was report-
favorably out by the Senate Finance
Committee and scheduled for debate
tomorrow. It would lay aside $20,-
000,000 of the current surplus and or-,
der the administrative board to ear-
mark future surpluses until the $50,-
000,000 mark were reached.
Sen. Earl W. Munshaw, Republican,
Grand Rapids, introduced Governor
Kelly's bill to provide a check on state
government bureaucrats by requiring
all agencies to compile their rules
and regulations affecting the public
and file them with the Secretary of
State. There the public might study
them at any time.
Sen. George P. McCallum, Repub-
lican, Ann Arbor, proposed to trans-
fer the finance company division of
the State Treasury to the State
Banking Department.
MSC Freshman Dies

FDR to Act unless Coal
Strike Ends in Two Days
warning Implies Dispatch of Troopsto.Mines;
12,000 Men Still Idle in 3-Weeks-Old Walkout

Associated Dress Correspondent
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19.-As Com-
mander-in-Chief of the Armed For-
ces, President Roosevelt served no-
tice on striking anthracite miners to-
day that they must return to work
within 48 hours or he would take the
"necessary steps" to protect the na-
tion against "serious injury to the
war effort."
The chief executive's warning, pos-
sibly implying that troops would be
dispatched to the mines, was tele-
graphed to local and national officers
WILKES-BARRE, Pa., Jan. 19.-
(MP)-Workers at four strike-bound
anthracite collieries voted today to
continue their 20-day-old walkout,
two of them balloting hours after
President Roosevelt dehanded the
strike be ended.
Meanwhile, a generalbelief pre-
valled among the estimate 1,400
men remaining on strike that the
President's order, in which he said
he would take "necessary steps" to
protect the nation against "serious
injury to the war effort" would be"
enforced by government seiure of
the closed raines, without the use
of troops.
of the United Mine Workers. The War
Labor Board had advised him that
the strikers had not complied with
two requests from it for a return to
Balloting Not Completed
Although 6,000 of the strikers re-
turned to the jobs today, UMW lo--
cals at two large collieries voted to
continue the three-weeks old walk-
out, and the meeting of a third broke
up in confusion before balloting was
House Votes
Time Change
Michigan Clocks May
Be Set Back an Hour
LANSING, Jan. 19.- (')- The
House of Representatives today adop-
ted and sent to the Senate for its con-
currence a bill designed to exempt
Michigan from daylight saving "War
The bill would turn back the hands
of Michigan clocks an hour at 2 a.m.
on Monday, Feb. 15, but would allow
the Board of Supervisors of Wayne
and Oakland counties, by majority
vote, to retain war time in either of
those counties.
*Attorney General Herbert J. Rush-
ton had cautioned the lawmakers war
time was an exercise of congressional
war powers, and that state legisla--
tures had no authority to change it.
Disregarding advice of Governor
Kelly in his message to the Legisla-
ture to avoid hasty action on the time
change, the House debated the meas-
ure in Committee of the Whole, then
suspended rules and passed it by a.
vote of 71 to 22, even its sponsors
conceding it would need "a lot of cor-
rection" by the Senate because they
suspected at least one of its provisions
is unconstitutional.
Dutch Princess Gives
Birth to Third Daughter
OTTAWA, Jan. 19.-.(X')- A third
daughter born tonight to Crown Prin-
cess Juliana of the Netherlands is
the first member of the royal house
to be born outside Netherlands terri-
tory and the first member of any
European royal family to be born in
North America.
The birth made no change in the
succession to the Netherlands throne.

completed. Altogether more than 12,-
000 still are idle.
The 970 employees of the Button-
woiod Colliery of the Glen Alden Coal
Company, voting after the President's
order was issued, decided to stay out
despite warning from Ben Phillips,
president of the local, that, "troops
probably will be sent in."
The local at the No. 7 Colliery of
the Susquehanna Collieries Company,
also decided to remain idle. Some of
the voting there likewise was done
after the workers learned about Mr.
Roosevelt's directive.
No Results Determined
Balloting among the 1,200 workers
at the Glen, Alden's Lance Colliery,
one of the largest involved in the
strike, ended in s, noisy demonstra-
tion, with no results determined. A
fourth large local was scheduled to
vote later tonight.
A general belief prevailed among
the miners throughout the strike area
that the President's order meant that
the government would take over man-
agement of the closed mines without
the use of troops. Many of the strik-
ers favor such action.
Chilean Senate
Votes to Break
Ties with Axis
Argentina Only State
Not Allied on Continent
SANTIAGO, Chile, Jan. 19-()-
The Chilean Senatein a private-ses-
sion voted 30 to 10 tonight in favor
of President Juan Antonio Rios' de-
cision to break diplomatic relations
with the Axis, informed political
sources said. There were two ab-
'The onve would leave Argentina
Ss the single American republic still
maintaining relations.with Germany,
Italyand Japan.
After weeks of wrangling over the.
issue ?oreig. Minister Joaquin Fer-
nandez presented the motion to the
Senate, then went to President Rios'
residence to inform him of that
body's vote, A public statement is
expected soon.
These sou res said it was under-
stood all the leading political parties
-conservative, liberal, radical social-
ist, democratic, and communist-vot-
ed in favor of the motion.
A majority of the cabinet members
accompanied Foreign Minister Joa-
quin Fernandez to the Senate, where
he spent more than an hour detail-
ing the government's position. Mem-
bers of the Chamber of Deputies also
attended the Senate debate.
When Fernandez finished, the Sen-
ate began voting-on a motion putting
it on record as supporting the Presi-
dent's action, to make Chile the 20th
American republic to break with the
New Garg to Go on
Sale Tomorrow
With a picture or cartoon on every
page the post-holiday Gargoyle goes
on sale tomorrow.
Stories, articles, pictures and draw-
ings have been combined to make
this issde fully representative of cam-
pus. life, according to Editor Olga
Gruhzit. Aniong the photo-features
are the Swim Gala, the '42 Finale
representing the social world, and the
libraries fully equipped with students.
Those wishing to try for the
position of columnist on The Daily
for next semester are requested to
submit at least three sample col-
umns to the Editorial Director by
Feb. 6.

Axis Tanks,
Troops Renew
Tunis Attack
French Lines Pierced
by Enemy Offensive;
Allied Planes Continue
Operations in Tripoli
NORTH AFRICA, Jan. 19.- (AP)-En
emy tanks and 'infantry, in sharp
actions believed related to the head-
long retreat of Marshal Erwin Rom-
mel in Tripolitania, have renewed
their attacks in the general area 40 to
45 miles southwest of Tunis and have
made a slight penetration of the
French lines at one place, an Allied
headquarters communique reported
Allied Air Forces, however, contin-
ued their operations on a considerable
scale. Flying Fortresses' delivered a
destructive attack on the Tripoli area
in coordination with tWo other at-
tacks by Liberators of the American
Air Force in Libya.
Heavy Ground Action
The heavier than usual ground ac-
tion began yesterday morning when
four companies of Axis troops at-
tacked northwest of Bou Arada, about
22 miles south of Mtedjez-E-Bab, ap-
parently to hold open the coastal road
connection with Rommel.
Many military observers believed
that Rommel's retreat showed he was
conserving his strength to the utmost
for a final showdown in Tunisia.
Allied tanks went into action, how-
ever, destroyed two of the enemy
companies and regained all lost
Two hours later the Germans sent
tanks to the support of their infantry
in a renewed attack. These were
knocked out, mostlyby well-placed
artillery fire, and the Axis forces
were completely repulsed.
French Positions Attacked
However, in a third attack farther
to the south, in the area southwest
of Pont-Du-Fahs, German tanks pen-
etrated into positions e'd by the
A French headquarters communi-
que reported all the enemy attacks
west and southwest of Pont-Du-Fahs
had been checked, and said the
French troops were supported by Al-
lied aircraft and "Army units;" indi-
cating the Allied aid was more than
the use of equipment.
Perkins Plans
Social Insurance
NEW YORK, Jan. 19.- (.0)- A
broadened Social Security plan, pro-
viding new and greater benefits, has
been developed by the Federal De-
partment of Labor and will be pre-
sented to President Roosevelt soon,
Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins
revealed today.
Premiums under the proposed plan
would increase progressively to an
amount equal to 10 per cent of pay-
checks, Miss Perkins declared at a
Town Hall meeting.
(Present Social Security premiums
call for contributions of one per cent
each by employe and employer with
contribution increased to 2 per cent
each next Jan. 1. The larger contri-'
bution originally was scheduled to be-
come effective this last Jan. 1 but
was postponed by Congress.)
Benefits under the projected plan
would include greater old age pen-
sions, payments during all interrup-

tions of employment regardless of
cause, and maternity and funeral
costs, Miss Perkins said.
The Labor Secretary explained that
during the first 10 years of operation
there would be no need for the gov-
ernment to contribute to the fund be-
cause receipts would exceed disburse-


as Kamensk is Captured;






Soviets Close on Kharkov
/ Don ,p /
ERCH aych R
NOVOROSSISK /...........
O 50 100 1501AK::AC::
The Red Army was reported rapidly "wiping out" survivors
of 22 Nazi divisions trapped before Stalingrad (A) and at the same
time pushing a new drive toward Kharkov (I). Further south,
Soviet troops (2) neared Kamensk while other forces in the lower
Don (3) continued to advance in the direction of Rostov. The
Germans admitted the Reds were attacking in superior numbers in
the Caucasus (4). Lined area is territory still held by the Nazis
and broken line indicates farthest German advance.
Sevena-FootDrifts Pile Roads
as Mercury Takes Nose Dive
Sweeping winter winds piled seven Jan. 20. (Wednesday)- (A)- Bitter
foot snowdrifts on county roads out- below zero weather congealed a lar'fe
side Ann Arbor last night as the mer- part of the midwest yesterday (Tues-
cury, tumbled eight degrees. below day) resulting in at least eight deaths
zero and 'the road commission girded directly attributable to the low tern-
for a pitched battle with drifting peratures.
snow. Minnesota hit a frigid jackpot with
Gale-like winds, reaching a velocity a low of 51 below zero. Minneapolis
of between 50 and 60 miles an hour recorded 29 below. Creighton, Neb.,
threatened to clog snow-cluttered had 31 below. At Garner, Iowa, and
trunk lines, and the State Highway Bismarck, N.D.; it was 28 below. Kan-
Department warned motorists that sas City, Mo., had 12 below, coldest in
travel was extremely hazardous. 18 years. Detroit recorded 21 above.
County Road Manager Ernest All- Three deaths were attributed to the
mendinger said the high winds and cold in Chicago and a young boy and
shifting snow might block back- girl were found frozen to death in an
county roads for miles around Ann automobile near Quincy, Ill.
Arbor. Plowed north-south main_
roads stayed clear for less than an All
hour from the time of plowing, he All Reserves Invited
Washtenaw County's 35,snowplows to Military Ball
have been at work for several days,
Allmendinger said, but he predicted All University men who are mem-
their efforts could not save many bers of any reserve program are eli-
farmers from. being snowbound for gible to attend the annual Military
hours-or even days. Ball to be held from 9 p.m. to 1 a.m.
All roads inside Ann Arbor were Friday in the Sports Building, Cadet
clear, police found last night, but Col. Charles Thatcher, '43, cochair-
they noticed a great increase in auto-
mobiles stuck in roadside drifts. man of the dance, announced yester-
The unslackening wind whipped a day.
full fifteen inches of snow around This not only includes men in the
Ann Arbor, the weather bureau office ROTC and NROTC but also those in
in the Observatory said. This is the V1, V-5, V-7 and all Army and Mar-
greatest depth of snow since 1910 ine reserves, he added.
when their records begin. Tickets for the formal dance may
Many sections of southwestern be purchased at ROTC or NROTC
Michigan were hard-hit yesterday af- headquarters or from any member of
ternoon with drifts blocking M-40 the central committee on presenta-
from Allegan south to the Allegan tion of reserve enrollment paper.
county line and from Dowagiac to Dusic for the annual affair will be
Niles; M-43 from Kalamazoo north- furnished by Bob Chester and his or-
east to Richland; and US-131 from chestra, "The Nation's Newest Sen-
Kalamazoo north to Plainwell. sation."

Soviets Push
Germans Back
to '41 Front
Valuiki, Urazovo Fall;
52,000 Nazis Taken
Prisoners in Six Days
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Jan. 39.- The Red
Army has reached a point only 79
miles from Kharkov, big Ukraine in-
dustrial city, in a continuing west-
ward sweep that has resulted in the
capture of 52,000 Axis prisoners in
one week, it was announced officially
tonight in a special communique cir-
culated by the Soviet news agency
Kamensk, 85 miles north of Rostov,
strategic Nazi base at the northwest-
ern corner of the Caucasus, also fell
to the advancing Russians, the special
communique said, and field reports
placed the Russian vanguards within
75 miles of that vital enemy commu-
nications hub.
'41 Front Reached
Valuiki and Urazovo fell to the
Russians driving on Kharkov, and
the Red Army now has hurled back
the Germans to their 1941 invasion
Valuiki, an important railway junc-
tion for three lines, is 82 miles east of
Kharkov, and Urazov is 79 miles from
the steel city.
Of the 52,000 prisoners taken since
last Wednesday the Russians said
27,500 were Hungarians, 22,000 Ita]-
ians, and 2,500 Germans.
In the fighting from Jan. 13 to Jan.
18 the Russians said their troops on'
the Voronezh front had captured'170
tanks, 1,700 guns, 2,800 machine guns,
4,000 mortars, 6,000 trucks, 1,500
horses, 55,000 rifles, about 10,000,000
cartridges, approximately 600,000
shells, and more than 150 various
supply dumps.
The capture of Valuiki and Urazovo
apparently was made by the Red
Army that two days ago took Aleksye-
evka, 40 rhiles to the northeast on
the railway leading back to Voronezh.
Aleksyeevka was reported, captured
Drive on Kharkov
This Valuiki spearhead is the nor-
thern arm of the Russian attempt to
envelop Kharkov. The southern arm
is operating in the area of Novo-
Pskov, 112 miles southeast of Khar-
In between these two forces "enemy
troops east of the Kamenka-Rossosh
ailway line are completely encircled
and are being wiped out by our
troops," the communique said.
The Germans reached Valuiki in
the fall of 1941. They were pushed
back slightly toward Kharkov later
by the Russians, but it was from the
same general area that the Nazis be-
gan last summer's drive that carried
to Stalingrad, and deep into the Cau-
casus to the south.
on Doomed Japs
Village, Point Taken
in New Guinea Sector
By.The Associated Press
AUSTRALIA, Jan. 20. (Wednesday)-
American and Australian jungle
fighters tightened their lines around
four pockets of doomed Japanese in
the Sanananda sector of New Guinea
yesterday after taking the village and
point Monday.
Japanese were pocketed on the
coast on both sides of Sanananda

Point and in two places along the
swampy Sanananda road which leads
to the beach. Enemy casualties were
described as heavy but no figures
were given. Twenty-seven were cap-
tured. Some Japanese escaped from
dugouts and were wandering at large.
Eighteen Jap bombers raided the
Sanananda area in an attempt to aid
their beleaguered ground forces but
the communique said the attempt was

Y '',,

Campus Gives Views on Daily-Board Fight

Faculty ...
W. B. Wilcox, history depart-
ment: Two years in Ann Arbor have
given me the strongest admiration
for The Daily. It is not only the
best undergraduate newspaper
which I have known; its editorial
policy compares favorably, in en-
lightenment and intelligence, with
that of a number of professional

to be won on the home front by the
niceties of taste. My best wishes to'
the new staff, in short, are that
you will continue the tradition of
the old.
Carl I. LaRue, botany depart-
ment: My observation of The Mich-
igan Daily has been less detailed
this year than in most recent years,
but so far as I have noted it has
bee n wellcOitcuqTt has seemed less1~

Students ..
Bob Matthews, Student War
Board Chairman: After the tre-'
mendous contribution The Daily
has made this year to the campus
war effort, it is extremely disap-
pointing to see the Board in Con-
trol interfering with the paper's
freedom and efficiency. The Daily
has shown time and again that it
is sincrelyv coince~r'nedwith further-.

have my wholehearted support inf
your continuation of an age-old
battle of freedom. I wonder if the
administration remembers the pur-
pose behind the somewhat larger
fight going on outside of Ann Arbor
right now.
Virginia Morse, president of Pan-
hellenic: In my opinion, The Daily,
in the past, has been the better for

for the student body. Now we can
find out whether or not the paper
is to be run by the whims of the
administrative faculty members or
for the education and independence
of thought of the student body.
Mary Borman, Manpower Corps-
Director: The Daily has in the past
been the one effective student voice
on the campus. Throughout this

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