THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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:higan under the authority of the Board in Control
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CHICAGO * S ON SLos A'GIES SAN FOANCiSCO
Homer Swander . . . . Managing Editor
Morton Mintz . Editorial Director
Will Sapp . . City Editor ;
George W.Salla . . . . Associate Editor
Charles ThatehI . . . . , Associate Editor
Bernard Hendel . . Sports Editor
farbara deFries * . . . . Women's Editor-
uyron Dawn . . . . Associate Sports Editor _
Business Staff *Z
Udward J. Perlberg . . . Business Manager r
Fred M. Ginsberg . . Associate Business Manager,
% ary Lgu Curran Women's Business Manager ;
:me Lndberg . Women's Advertising Manager
Ta.mes Daniels. . Publications Sales Analyst
NIGHT EDITOR: RQMER SWANDER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
BACK TO WORK:
Wildcat Miners' Strike
Damages Union Cause
THE WAR Labor Board has ordered that the,
wildcat anthracite coal strikers go back to
work immediately and submit their grievances
to the processes provided in their working con-
John L. Lewis has denounced the Tri-District
General Mine Committee as an "unauthorized,
self-constituted, constitutionally illegal group,"
and declared that the strikers must go back to
work under exactly the conditiona prevailing
when they walked out.
The question left hanging by these announce-
ments is whether the strikers-estimated at
10,000-will go back to work or defy both their
union officers and the WLB order.
The men responsible for the strike that has
tied up an estimated 35 per cent of the anthra-
cite production for almost three weeks-have
committed a greater act of treason than the
most destructive saboteur.
THE INSTIGATORS of the strike cannot be
aware that their actions will cause an under-
minini of labor's position in the country.
If the stikers vote to continue the strike the
WLB will be forced to take more drastic steps,
which means that an appeal will be made to
President Roosevelt to take over the mines. Such
an act will furnish a stopper for union actions
during the war.
It will be a veritable stab in the back for the
progress that the mine unions have made. Just as
go ernment and labor have begun to make an
advance in arbitrary settlement of disputes, inde-
pendent wildcat strikers throw a wrench into the
machinery. Each additional day that the strike
remains unsettled, the labor of 10,000 men is .
perishing. Those lost man hours can never be re-
C00PERATION between the government and
labor can never be accomplished if President
Roosevelt is forced to take the mines under con-
trol. And yet labor cries for recognition and
The government does not want to take mine
control out of union hands as long as war pro-
duction proceeds unhindered. But if this strike
is continued in defiance of the UMW leaders
and the WLB, there is no alternative.
And labor will be the loser.
- Claire Sherman
WASHINGTON- Due in part to the fact that
the U.S. Navy had not had opportunity to
profit from the experience of engaging in any
major naval battles between 1812 and 1942, some
of our biggest and fastest ships now under con-
struction are being revised.
The main factor being changed in the blue-
prints is extra precaution against fire.
This is the lesson learned from the aircraft
carriers Wasp and Lexington, and the cruiser
Boise, all swept by fire after the direct damage
Since then the Bureau of Ships has made a stu-
dy of fire hazards, finding that even an all-steel
vessel can be swept by fire when tremendous
heat is engendered, as from explodig shells and
burning oil and gasoline.
New plans call for elimination of linoleum
flooring, substitution of spun glass for cork in
insulation, decrease in paint, and elimination of
interior woodwork. Also, there will be larger fire
hose and better fire fighting equipment generally.
Navy hopes to put an end to the grief of losing
ships by fire after they have survived the battle.
Note: In the War of 1812, fire was a real hazard
to wooden ships. But in the Civil War the only
real engagement was between the Monitor and
Merrimac which were not much bigger than mod-
ern escort vessels. In the Spanish-American War,
there were no real naval battles and only one
life was 'lost at Santiago, when an American
sailor fell down a hatch on the Texas. In the
World War, the U.S. Navy got in too late to par-
ticipate in any naval activities othe'r than con-
THE OTHER day, Mrs. Harold Walker, mother
of Democratic glamor girl Evie Robert, was
.getting into the elevator on an uper floor of
the Mayflower Hotel. While waiting, a distin-
guished looking gentleman came up and also
punched the elevator button.
The elevator door opened and the operator
said: "Up or down?"
"Down," chorused both Mrs. Walker and the
"Well, who rang up?" asked the operator.
"I didn't ring up," chorused both prospective
"Someone rang up," said the operator.
Both passengers got in, and the elevator pro-
"You know," mused the distinguished gentle-
man, "maybe I did press that up button. I'm
alwdys doing the wrong thing in Washington. If
I were just back in Omaha.. ." he half moaned,
"but in Washington-everything goes wrong."
It was William Jeffers, the Rubber Czar, who
has to make 800,000 tons of synthetic rubber
sprout where none ever grew before.
FROM a political point of view, the President
has one fault to find with his old friend Post-
master General Frank Walker: Frank loves to
carry the mail.
He has fallen in love with the Post Office De-
partment, and doesn't relish politics anymore.
He even talks about his Department in cabinet
One day when a Budget Bureau official was
checking over various government departments
at the White House he told the President what
an interest.Walker was taking in the Post Office
and how it was one of the best run aenci in
.EDGAR HOOVER, becoming an expert on
crime, warns us of the heavy responsibility
upon the family. He says that religion is the solu-
tion to the mounting junior crime increase, and
in doing so, draws a distinction between the -
"Gospel" and "Justice." Can we preach the good
news of religion and not preach justice also? Of
course, such is impossible. What he means, per-
haps, is that our homes need to stress the love
of God, the affirmatives of faith and the good-
ness of our society and should give less attention
to a criticism of the social order. There is room
for argument here, but his thesis of a positive
faith rather than a negative knowledge is one
which everyone will endorse.
Youth in their religious education fall between
the home and the church. The home says, "Let
the church teach our children the basic truths
about the moral law, the spiritual significance of
honor and the love of God." As for our homes, we
are unprepared, our training leaves us lost at
the task of religious leadership and besides, we
sustain ministers to save men's souls while we
feed their bodies. There is little hope for children
so reared and delinquency will continue to in-
crease while that attitude prevails. On the other
hand, the church, being dependent on benevo-
lence as a means of support, must spend so much
time at preserving the organization, creating a
program and collecting the budget that one of
the last tasks performed is the religious education
of parents and children.
A SOLUTION often proposed is that of asking
the schools to "take over." This sounds logi-
cal, but why excuse the two older institutions, the
home and the church, which are directly respon-
sible? Such a procedure would not seem to be
good social control nor wise education.,Aldefinite
family rehabilitation throughout the nation, in-
cluding religion in the home and a community-
centered church influence would bring large re-
turns. In this connection, marriage offers a
place to begin. The traditional view of the church
is that mating is an educational procedure which
ends at the altar where the sacrament of mar-
riage is celebrated. In our Western culture, a
shift from marriage as an expressional activity
for the convenience of two persons, to marriage
as a sacrament entered into before God for the
perpetuation of the race and the high privilege of
rearing and educating children, would take us to
the very root of the problem.
FOLLOWING that, our religious leaders, social
workers, marital advisors and teachers might
well take a leaf out of the Orthodox Jewish family
life. In so doing, we would make each father the
priest of his family, demand that the minister
teach the parents how to train their children and
fuse the teaching and worship functions of home
--Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
eight years Jim Farley was in- the -Cabinet I re-
member only once that he ever talked about the
Post Office in cabinet meeting."
Privately, Frank Walker doesn't agree with the
President about Jim Farley, and thinks that
Jim's work is one reason why the Post Office is
running so smoothly today. However, there is no
question but that Walker has done an outstand-
When you consider the shortage of man-
power, the drain of the draft on postal employ-
ees, the difficulty of getting Army trucks to
supplement mail delivery, it is a miracle that -
Democracy In Action
THE STUDENT at Michigan can
fill himself with a varied assort-
ment of liberal arts courses during
his four years 'on campus. 'In the
process he can even become an
arm-chair intellectual on the vir-
tues of democracy. He can hold
himself an authority on Rousseau
or ancient democratic Athens and
go puffling, along thinking he has
all the answers. But all he has are
a lot of noble concepts and very
little realization of what these con-
cepts are like in action.
Fortunately on our campus there
exists an organization whose guid-
ing principle is "democracy in ac-
tion." It puts your metaphysical
id~eas on racial equality, religious
toleration, economic security into
ways of living and working to-
gether. Speak all you want at your
Interracial Committees and Post-
War Councils on these problems but
you never have more than multiple
fine sounding words and phrases.
The many cooperative houses offer$
a blueprint for actual participation
in the democratic principles we all
demand from this war. Here is an
organization where colored, white,
Jewish, Catholic, Protestant, Com-
munistic, Pacifistic students get to
understand one another, get to see
what the other fellow is all about.
Their plan is learning democracy
through living and eating and
working witp the other fellow who
perhaps doesn't share your personal
views. What better way is there to
attain democracy? What better way
to achieve the needed integration
of different and diversified groups,
races and peoples? Every student
can find what is most necessary to
his personal definition of democra-
cy by living in one of the many
cooperative houses. Some find eco-
nomic security, others racial equal-
ity, others political or religious tol-
TODAY the cooperative houses
are faced with the problem of
continuing to function. They should
continue, even grow in importance
during these turbulent days for .
they have many of the answers to
the perplexing problems of our age.
-A Co-Op Resident
(Continued from Page 3)
ture on the subject, "The Content of
Modern Art" (illustrated) at 4:15
p.m., Thursday, February 11, in the
Rackham Amphitheatre, under the
auspices of the Department of Fine
Arts. The public is cordially invited.
A cademic Notices
English Concentration: Week of-
Jan. 18, new students should see Mor-
ris Greenhut, 3218 A. H., MWF, 4:30-
6:00; TuTh, 1:30-4. Others should
confer with me, M, 9-11, Tu 1-3, in
3228 A.H. --J. L. Davis
Sociology 51-Change in Time of
Final Examination: The final exami-
nation in Sociology 51 will b'e given
Saturday, Jan. 23, 2:00-4:00 p.m., in-
stead of the time announced in the
printed examination schedule as fol-
lows: Room B, Haven Hall, Fuller,
Holmes and Fuson; Room C, Haven
Hall, Hawley, Brumm and Ostafin;
Room D, Haven Hall, Landecker.
Journalism 130 (Specialized report-
ing) : This course, which is offered
during the second semester at 8
o'clock, MWF, has in the past dealt
largely with the reporting of science.
This semester it will deal with war
correspondence, the problems of mili-
tary censorship, and the public infor-
mation aspects of some post-war
problems. Open to seniors in Journal-
ism and to other students securing
s -Donal H. Haines,
Dept. of Journalism
I'd "Rather Be Right,
NEW YORK - Batting around olutionary ferment in India is
town, you meet people from every truly national. Welare so used
corner of the world, and you sit to thinking of "revolution" in
down to chat with them, and you strictly class terms that we have
hear things. The following infor- forgotten that other kind of rev-
mation is unofficial, but it is from olution, like our own, which is a
first-rate, first-hand sources, and genuine movement for national
sort of worth-while. liberation, and draws support
You hear that American troops from all classes.
have made a marvelous impression The word "revolutionist" has im-
in India. Not one'of them, so far' Tewr eoutoit a m
in ndi. Nt oe~ f temso ar perceptibly come to mean someone
as I know, has taken a stand in a in anm unpressed suit.
public square and declared his po-
sition on the Atlantic Charter. But In a revolution for national de-
such messages may be communi- pendence, there are plain people
cated in other ways. A character- and also revolutionary gentlemen
istic American soldier-prank in In- ofeProperty, Washingtons and Jef-
dia is for four or five of the boys fersons. This is the kind of revolu-
to hire a rickshaw (they have them tion that the Daughters of, in our
in India, 'too)' and, put the poor country, are daughters of; it is th e
indian puller in the seat, and haul kind of revolution we hope will
him through the streets. break out through occupied Europe.
him hrouh th strets.It seems to me we have too much
The boys would probably be hor- of a "mQb feeling about the In-
rified if they thought they were dian freedom movement. That has
making a political point, but to not helped us to understand it, and
what Conrad used to call the dark, may he made some westerners a
the mysterious East, a sense of sky- little too optimistic about the ease
larking brotherhod has been con- with which it can be put down.
veyed, which has gone over very Any assumption, based on the
big. above comments, that this writer is
THEY ARE VER PQLITE in favor of Indian independence is
AMERICANSOLDIERS are also entirely correct.
considered extraordinarily po- THEY DRAW A LINE
lite. Though local shortages of NE other small gleaning: It is
some goods have been accentuated not true that the Fighting
by their free-spending habits, the nct leat th vegtlg
boys invariably include nearby In- French (at leasttoexImh a te
dians in their treating rounds, in ed with) plan to -excbmmunicate
cafe and restaurant. The impres- every Frenchman who has dealt
sionyougetis hat o arater.with the collaborators. Their posi-
sion you get is that to a rather tion is much more modest and rea-
stiff and formal East-West re- onibes.
lationship, a wholesome, Mark sonable.
Twainish kind of American up oar They are ,not interested in
has been added. ' small French fry who, as indi-
I don't know the political signifi- viduals, helped the Germans out
cance of the above except that it is of terror, coercion, or stupidity.
what Broadway would call a Such Frenchmen are Frenchmen
"twist" on the situation in England, still.
where the local people are extreme- But they do draw a line between
ly friendly with our colored troops, the small French palooka who
startling a few Americans. yielded because he was worried
PAY IN ADVANCE about his pension, and those big
Frenchmen who used their prestige,
ANOTHER little Indian item was dignity and office to seduce other
a story that, in at least one mill Frenchmen into collaboration.
town, the mill owners gave their Such Frenchmen ate unforgiven
workers two months' pay in ad- and unforgivable. This seems to
vance when they went on strike. me a very proper line to draw.
for national independence last The French situation is not near-
summer. ly so confused as some of the crit-
Yes, I know the significance of ics thereof.
that one. It means that the rev- (Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
Street. In addition to compositions
by Bach, Beethoven, Schumann and
Chopin, Misses Chatkin and Solorow
will play Arensky's Romance and
Valse for two pianos. The students
are pupils of Miss Nell Stockwell and
the recital will be open to the general
Organ Recital: Arnold Blackburn,
organist, will give a recital in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Music at 8:30
p.m. Thursday, Jan. 21, in Hill Audi-
torium. Mr. Blackburn is a pupil of
Palmer Christian and Organist and
Choirmaster of the Congregational
Church, Ann Arbor.
The recital is open to the public.
Concert: An all-Bach program will
be presented by the University Sym-
phony Orchestra under the direction
of Eric DeLamarter at 8:30 p.m. Sun-
day, Jan. 24, in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Soloists will include Joseph
Brinkman, pianist, and Wassily Bese-
Exhibition- Rackham Galleries-
'Mezzanine Floor. The Horace H.
Rackham School of Graduate Studies
presents "Tunisia and the Mediter-
ranean in Water ' Colors" by Mrs.
Alice Reischer. The opening is Janu-
at-y 20 at 7:00 p.m. and the galleries
will be open thereafter daily, except
Sundays, 2-5 and 7410.
Events Today f
International Center: Professor
James H. Cissel will speak on "Some
Interesting American Bridges" to-
night at 7:30 in the International
Center. The public is cordially invited
to attend and to remain for the sing
and for the "snack"' following.
Varsity Glee Club: Regular rehear-
sal this afternoon. Return Michi-
gan Song Books and bring deposit for
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet today at 2:30 p.m., at the west
Huron Street entranpe of the Rack-
ham Building. All graduate and pro-
fessional students are welcome.
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will meet this afternoon in the Fire-
side Room of Lane Hall. Mr. H. Gar-
field of Grey, Garfield, and Lang in
Detroit, will speak. All students are
The Botanical Seminar will meet
Tuesday evening, Jan. 19, at 7:30 in
Room 1139 N.S. A paper entitled,
"Plants Which Produce Rubber," will
servists on Tuesday, Jan. 19, at 8:30
p.m. in Room 302, Michigan Union.
The University of Michigan Flying
Club will meet Tuesday, Jan. 19, at
7:30 p.m. at the Union. All members
please be present.
Mortar Board will meet Tuesday at
5:00 p.m. in the counpil room ofi the
League. All members are requested
to be present.
Poetry Recital: A public recital of
shorter poems will be given by stu-
dents of Professor Hollister in Speech
43 at 4:00 p.m. on Tuesday in room
302, Mason Hall. The public is invited.
Three Original One-Act Plays will
be presented at Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre by the Hopwood Committee
and the Department of Speech, at
8:00 p.m. Wednesday, Jan. 20. Admis-
sion free to all.
The Regular Tuesday Evening Re-
corded Program will be cancelled this
Bibliophiles will nieet with Mrs.
George Brigham, 517 Oxford Rd., on
Tuesday, Jan. 19, at 2:30 p.m.
Fi'st Presbyterian Church: 9:30
a.m. University Student Bible Class
meets under the direction of Mr. Ma-
Ian and Mr. Lampe.
Vlorning Worship--10:45 "A Life-
Size Religion" subject of the sermon
by Dr. W. P. Lemon.
Westminster Student Guild supper
at 6:00 and program at 7:00 p.m.
ProfessoraLionel Laing will discuss
"Politics and the Peace."
Lutheran Student Chapel: Sunday
at 11:00 a.m. Divine Service in the
Michigan League Chapel. The Rev.
Alfred Scheips will preach on "Our
Sunday at 3:00 p.m. Gamma Delta,
Lutheran Student Club, will have a
sleighing party. Meet at Lane HalL.
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church-
8:00 a.m. Holy Communion; 11:00
a.m. Junior Church; 11:00 a.m. Morn-
ing Prayer and Sermon by the Rev.
Henry Lewis, D.D.; 5:00 p.m. Evening
Prayer; 6:00 a.m. H-Square Club
meeting, Page Hall; 7:30 p.m. Canter-
bury Club for Episcopal Students,
Harris Hall. Mr. Robert Kemp, a
member of the faculty of Boon Col-
lege, Wuchang, China, recently re-
turned to this country, will speakof
his experiences in Japanese occupied
First Methodist Church and Wesley
Foundation: Morning Worship ser-
vice at 10.40 o'clock. Dr. Charles W.
Brashares will preach on "Hazards of
Success." Weslevan Guild meeting at
WILL TO WORK:
Response to 'Vanities'
Aids Scholarship Fund
THAT the students of this University can really
carry out a successful enterprise was amply
proved Friday night when Victory Vanities was
presented to the campus.
Pan.-Hel and the Interfraternity Council origi-
nated the idea for an all campus stunt show forh
the benefit of the Bomber Scholarship fund. Each
member of both organizations put forth their
eve:"y effort to make the production a success.
From the manner in whic4 the show was received
by the large audience it was a hit.
The Bomber Scholarship fund is being built
up now to provide scholarships to those stu-
dents returning to the University after the
war. The Vanities contributed a sizeable
amount to the fund. This fact plus the success
of t %haw will mar it one lon& tob e remem.-
*Choral Union Concert: Josef Hof-
mann, Pianist, will give the seventh
Choral Union concert Monday eve-
ning, Jan. 18, at 8:30 o'clock in Hill
Auditorium. The program will consist
of numbers by Handel, Beethoven,
-Charles A. Sink, President
Concert: Professor William D. Re-
velli and Mr. Leonard V. Meretta have
arranged an interesting program for
brass instruments to bepresented at
8:30 p.m. Tuesday, Jan. 19, in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Twenty-
one students will appear in ensembles
and as soloists in the recital. The
public is cordially invited.
Organ Recital: E. Power Biggs,
guest organist, will present a recital
n. A.15 n- WXrinedav_ Tan 9f2 in