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January 16, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-01-16

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Weather
Snow Flurries

VOL. III No. 77 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JAN. 16, 1943

PRICE FiVE CENTS

Don River
Forces Cut
NaziLines
Soviets Cross Kalitva
River; German Railway
Communications in
South Russia Severed
By HENRY C. CASSIDY
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, Jan. 16. (Saturday)-A
Red Army surging across the Kalitva
River cut the Rostov-Moscow railway
yesterday at Glubokaya and reached
a point 90 miles northeast of Rostov,
Nazi communications center serving
southern Russia, it was announced of-
ficially early today.
This fresh spurt by Col. Gen. Niko-
lai Vatutin's middle Don forces came
simultaneously with sweeping Russian
gains in the Caucasus where the Ger-
mans failed to halt the Red tide, and
communique said the enemy there
ws "in complete rout."
Approximately 30 towns and rail-
way points were reported seized by
the Russians during the day.
Rostov Threat Increased
Little had been heard from General
Vatutin's forces lately. The break-
through in the middle Don bend sec-
tor gave Russia's big winter offensive
greater momentum and increased the
threat to Rostov whose capture would
be a severe blow to Germany. Rostov
is the communications peg for all
the Nazi armies operating in southern
Russia.
The comunique mentioned for the
first time the fighting in the Donets
River area which covers the northern
approaches to Rostov.
The Red Army apparently had not
yet crossed the Donets, but it occupied
the region above it betw'een the Kalit-
va River and the Moscow-Rostov rail-
way.
Push to Glubokaya,
Crossing the Kalitva around Litvin-
ovka, the Russians pushed 25 miles
northwest to Glubokaya station which
is only 30 miles south of Millerovo
and 14 miles north of Xamensk-
Shakhtinsky, both of which still are
held by the Germans.
The Russians also struck 12 miles
southwest of Litvinovka to Diadin,
close to the Donets. The settlements
of Grutsinov and Samburov were
taken between Litvinovka and Glubo-
kaya.
Diadin, close to the southernmost
point of this push, lies about 90 miles
northeast of Rostov, and covers, the
right flank of Lieut.-Gen. Constantin
Rokossovsky's forces operating to the
south. General Rokossovsky's troops
already have driven still farther to-
ward Rostov to the Sal River.
Lower Don, Attack Slow
Rokossovsky's troops are making
only slow headway along the lower
Don River because of heavy Nazi
counterattacks. But General Yere-
menko's forces operating below that
.river in the Caucasus gav.e additional
support to those Red Army units yes-
terday by capturing 16 towns and
railway points in the area between
the river and the Stalingrad-Tikhor-
etsk railway.
Striking down the railway the Rus-
sians reached the station of Kurenny,
38 miles southwest of Zimovniki. This
is 20 miles beyond Kuberle, the last
station taken.
Cherbourg Hit
in RAF Raid

on Continent
LONDON, Jan. 15.- ()- The RAF
bombed Cherbourg today in a swift
followup to a heavy night raid on the
German Submarine base at Lorient,
where the British struck a defensive
blow in the Battle of the Atlantic.
Boston Bombers escorted by many
squadrons of Spitfires attacked Cher-
bourg, meeting no fighter opposition.
Ground fire was heavy.,
Two bombers were lost over Lorient,
the former French naval base now
devoted almost exclusively to Hitler's
estimated 400 submarines preying on
supply lines to England, Russia and
North Africa. 'It was Lorient's 58th
raid, three of which had been made
by daylight precision bombers of the
U.S. Air Forces. Crippling of undersea
power based there is one way to re-
duce Allied shipping losses in the
Atlantic, which have been heavier
than usual recently.
Scores of 500-pound bombs were
dropped on the Cherbourg docks in
crisp bright weather in the 77th raid

Mining Leaders Vote
to End Coal Strike

Subs

Cripple

Seven

Axis

Ships;

Lewis Urges Workers
to Return to Jobs
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15.- (A)-
United Mine Workers headquarters
announced tonight that a meeting of
anthracite local union leaders voted
unanimously to urge the return of all
strikers to their jobs.
The announcement was made by a
spokesman for John L. Lewis, inter-
national president of the union, after
Lewis and the anthracite group had
conferred for two hours and a half.
The conference followed hard upon
the decision 'of the War Labor Board
not to rule on the merits of the min-
ers' grievances until they had re-
turned to work and exhausted all
methods of settlement under getheir
contract short of -work stoppage.
Lewis' spokesman said tha, Leo
Filip, of Plymouth, Pa., submitted
this motion at the meeting with Lew-
is:
S"I move that it is the sense of this
meeting that we all return and tell
our membership to put the mines
back to work next Monday."
The motion was seconded by
Charles Buber, of Nanticoke and was
carried unanimously, the UMW
spokesman said.
Other local union leaders were
quoted as saying that they would re-
Senate Group
Orders Flynn
Hearings Held
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15.- (M -
Public hearings on Edward J. Flynn's
nomination to be Minister to Austra-
lia were ordered unanimously by the
Senate Foreign Relations committee
today after Democratic members had
refused to entertain a Republican
suggestion that the committee, in the
interest of wartime harmony, recom-
mend withdrawaof the appointment.
Chairman2 Connally (Dem.-Tex.)
announced the.hearings would begin
next WednesdaporThusayad
would be conducted by the 1 l. 23 -
member committee. He will set the
date after communicating with Flynn,
who has called a meeting of the
Democratic national committee for
Monday in Chicago to present his
resignation as its chairman.
Bridges Denounces Flynn
Today-'s action was taken at a
closed session of the committee which
lasted about an hour. Senator Bridges
(Rep.-N.H.), who has made charges
that Flynn is unfit to hold the diplo-
matic post, was called in at the outset
to present them. He told reporters
afterward that he had heard some
talk in the committee "about getting
President Roosevelt to withdraw the
appointment but it didn't get any-
where."
Another Senator, who cannot be
quoted by name, said that this sug-
gestion was advanced by Senator
Vandenberg (Rep.-Mich.) He ex-
pressed the opinion, it was reported,
that irrespective of the truth of any
accusations against Flynn his useful-
ness in a diplomatic post had been
impaired by the charges made against
him and by the furore over his nomi-
nation.
Propriety of Withdrawal Upheld
Consequently, Vandenberg was re-
ported to have said, the committee
might with propriety recommend that
the nomination be withdrawn.
The Democratic members, however,
took the attitude that since Bridges
had made his charges publicly in the
Senate the whole question must be
threshed out in hearings affording
Flynn opportunity to refute'them.

turn home and order meetings of the'
miners tomorrow and Sunday.
The War Labor Board's decision
not to rule on the meits of the con-
troversy followed a four-hour hearing
in which Lewis, breathing defiance,
told the board he had no authority
either to alter the dues constitution-
ally fixed by his union or to alter the
wages of a collective bargaining
agreement.
The graying mine union chief
promised the leaders present that in
the negotiations for a new agreement
he would fight with them for "a
wholesome increase" notwithstanding
the board's "little steel" formula or
anything else which stood in the way
NETS $650:
Vanities Hit
Contributes to
Bomber Fund
By STAN WALLACE
Spurred on by a responsive audi-
ence which donated $50 to the
Bomber Scholarship, eight campus
fraternities and sororities combined
to present Victory Vanities to an
estimated '2,500 people last night in
Hill Auditorium.
Alpha Chi Omega sorority walked
off with top honors with their act,
"The' Buggy' Ride," a satire on the
Michigan coed coming home from a
date. Two live ducks thrown down
from the balcony and a small white
pig .promenading the stage helped
win second place for Phi Gamma Del-
ta fraternity.With its pale blue light,
four singers and a trumpet, Theta Xi
won third place."
Wins $75 in Bonds
The first place winner received
three $25 war bonds, second place
was awarded two $25 war bonds, and
a $25 bond went to the third place
winner.
'Happy' Joe Gentile and his partner
Ralph Bingay of local radio fame
were on hand as masters of ceremony.
Johnny Covel and his band provided
the music, and Lyle Albrright filled
in with some magic tricks.
htveyttilg from "burlesque" and
slapstick comedy to "Melerdramer"
sparked the show. the Beta Theta Pi
boys proided the burlesque with their
"Meta Follies Berserk." The girls of
Gamma Phi Beta put in the "Meler-
dramer."
'Vanities' aTradition
The purpose of the show was to
add to the Bomber Scholarship fund
and to establish the Vanities as a
Michigan tradition. John Fauver, '43,
and Lorraine Dalzen, '43, co-chair-
mened the production and expressed
the belief "that both purposes were
equally satisfied."
Fauver further expressed the ap-
preciation of the committee to all
who "helped make the show the suc-
cess it was."
Allies Kill 152 Japs
in New Guinea Drive
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, Jan. 16.. (Saturday)-
()-An Allied break-through at San-
ananda, New Guinea, in which at
least 152 Japanese were killed in one
day's fighting Thursday was reported
in today's noon communique by Gen.
Douglas MacArthur.
Sanananda, immediately northwest
of Buna on the northeast New Guinea
coast, is the only spot in all the Pa-
puan Peninsula still held by a frag-
ment of a Jap army which once to-
talled 15,000. There jungle fortifica-
tion plus swampy conditions caused
by recent rains had slowed up the
cleanup drive.

Tunisian, Libyan Bases Bombed;
Allies Ground Planes inPortugal

1694th Service Unit Marches from Union Quarters to Class

British Sink
Four Enemy
Cargo Craft
Italian Coast Shelled;
Yanks Strike at Ports
in Tunisian Air 'Foray;
Airdromes Bombarded
By EDWARD D. BALL
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Jan. 15. -(/P)- Strong
and 'effective attacks along the Medi-
terranean Sea front by .British sub-
marines which sank four Axis ships,
and probably three more, and shelled
the southern shore of the nervous
Italian mainland highlighted the
North African campaign today.
Attacks by Allied planes on both
,he Tunisian and Libyan ends of the
line were announced. Aground, nb
action of consequence was reported
from General Eisenhower's Allied
'leadquarters.
The new successes in the unending
Allied war of attrition against' Axis
,hipping were disclosed by the Ad-
'niralty.
Cargo Ships Hit
Three small supply and ammuni-
ion ships went down under British
;orpedoes. Three other cargo ships,
one of them a large vessel, whose for-
yard part was blown off, were hard
ut and believed sunk.
A submarine under the command
of Commander B. (Bearded Ben)
Bryant, DSC, crippled an Axis mine-
weeper with gunfire, took off her
'eople as prisoners and then torpe-
ioed and sank her.
Another submarine surfaced and
emn Italian coast.
In the air war, Allied North Afri-
can headquarters announced that

Like visions of the SATC of World War I are the men of the 1694th service unit, shown marching
to classes in Angell Hall from their quarters in the Union.
Col. William.A. Ganoe, head of the-Department of Military Science and Tactics, and Liet.
George Spence, commander of the unit, released the official announcement of the unit's presence
on campus yesterday.
One of the first specialist units to arrive on campus as part of the plan to take advantage of
university facilities throughout the country for the training of men in the armed services, the unit
has taken over a large section of the Union for barrack and study purposes.
Using the hotel facilities of the Union for sleeping quarters, the soldiers eat and study in what
were formerly private dining rooms which have been converted for their use into a messhall, and,
sharing the other facilities of the Union with regular residents and University students, the soldiers
have at their disposal a library, swimming pool, billiard 'oom, and ballroom.

Goodfellows
Distribute Funds
Bomber Scholarship
Receives 500 Dollars
Five hundred dollars of the money
taken in by tloe Goodfellows on their
annual campus drive will be donated
to the Bomber Scholarship, George
W. Sallade, '43, Chairman of the
Goodfellow Drive announced yester-
day.
The remainder of the money will
be distrig'uted in $100 amounts to the
Student Goodwill fund, the Ann Ar-
bor Family Welfare Bureau, and the
Textbook Lending Library.
Sale of Goodfellow Dailies before
Christmas netted the funds which are
being used for student aid and local
charities. .
Maintained as a service for Uni-
versity students, the Student Good-
will fund is operated through the
Dean of Students and the Dean of
women.

i

Rushton Says
State Cannot I
Change Time
LANSING, Jan, 15.-(M)--Attorney
General Herbert J. Rushton, two-
fisted legal adviser to the state, jolted
the headstrong? Michigan legislature1
today with a formal opinion asserting
it had no authority to turn the clockl
back one hour from "war time."
Rushton's flat edict stirred a tem-
pest in legislative halls where the
lawmakers were determined to pass
the time change bill next week.
Senate leaders quickly sought to
still a storm of rebellion and allow
"at least decent consideration" for
Rushton's opinion, but in both the1
House and Senate the majority ap-
parently was in favor of ignoring,
Rushton.
At the suggestion of Sen. Jerry T.
Logie, Republican, Bay City, the Re-'
publican floor leader, Sen. Joseph A..
Baldwin, Albion, sought to arrange
a joint House-Senate Republican
caucus for Monday night to hear
Rushton's opinion from the attorney
general's own lips and to discuss
strategy..
At the. same time, those legislators
who remained in town after the
morning recess wer frank in saying.
that Rushton's words would have no
weight with them. The bill will be
passed next week, it was predicted
confidently.4
Rep. Maurice E. Post, Rockford,
Republican chairman of the House
committee considering a time change
bill, declared "the public demand is
such that we don't dare not pass the
bill at once."
Louis Sessions Is Chosen
Head of Men's Judiciary
Louis W. Sessions, a senior engi-
neer from Muskegon with a BA in
the literary college behind him, was
made the new chairman of the Men's
Judiciary Council and William Mac-
Ritchie, a business administration se-

Brown Okay
by Senate Seen'
Banking Committee
Approves FDR Choice
WASHINGTON. Jan. 15.- (R)-
Majority leader Barkley today pre-
dicted swift confirmation of ;Prentiss
M. Brown as price administrator
when his nomination comes up in the
Senate Monday.
The Senate Banking Committee
unanimously approved President
Roosevelt's choice of the former
Michigan Democratic senator for the
post being vacated by outspoken Leon
Henderson. The committee received
no protests to the nomination.
Republican Senator Homer Fergu-
son, who defeated Brown in the No-
vember election, declined to commit
himself in advance as to his attitude
when the nomination comes before
the Senate.
"I have an open mind on this ap-
pointment, just as I have on all 'other
appointments," he said.
The Senate in the past has looked
'with favor on almost all appointments
involving former members, and
Brown's confirmation was considered
certain on Capitol Hill.
Question of Union
Cafeteria Workers'
Pay Near Solution
Union cafeteria employes when
questioned today were confident that
their request for a pay increase would
be granted or that a satisfactory
agreement could be reached with the
management.
Just exactly what particular stand
the employes would take will be de-
termined at a general meeting to-
morrow."
The rising cost of food is the focal

ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, Jan. 15.--(P)-
Five of the original 12 arrested in
connection with the assassination
of Admiral Jean Darlan were re-
ported reliably today to have been
released. One was rearrested im-
mediately.
Thoseyreleased were described
variously as De Gaullists, Royalists,
Darlanists and some who professed
loyalty to all simultaneously.
;Yelled a railway bridge oi on~ 'south-
Imerican Flying Fortresses attacking
he eastern Tunisian supply ports .of
Sousse and Sfax had left the harbor
areas aflame,. while Marauders at-
tacked railroad lines and highways
along the coastal road at Mahares,
southwest of Sfax. Two Axis planes
were shot down; four Allied craft
were lost.
In Libya, it was announced, Ameri-
,an and South African RAF bombers
assailed enemy camps, air fields and
transport. Particularly hard hit were
two enemy airdromes west of the
Wadi Zem Zem on the Tripolitanian
coast. Eight Axis fighter planes were
shot down and 12 others damaged,
but the enemy's defenses were strong
and 13 Allied pilots were said to be
missing.
British Quiet
There was again no report of ac-
tivity by the British Eighth Army
which has been pursuing Marshal
Rommel's Africa Corps.
Despite its mounting losses, the
Axis was said by military observers
here still to be getting strong forces
in North Africa. The impression pre-
vailed in some quarters that the next
big developments would be in Tripoli-,
tania rather than Tunisia, where the
opposing land forces have been long
weatherbound.
Storm Forces American
Planes to Land at Lisbon
LISBON, Portugal, Jan. 15.- (/P)-
Eleven American warplanes, beset by
storms lashing the Iberian Peninsula,
were reported to have landed at Lis-
bon airport today and an armada of
50 others was sighted winging over
this neutral country toward the Medi-
terranean war theatre.
The 11 planes were Airacobra P-39
fighters and their crews at once sur-

MANPOWER CORPS EXPANDS:
100 Schools Asked to Join.Council

By JIM WIENNER
In a move to co-ordinate collegiate
war efforts, Manpower Corps director
Mary Borman announced yesterday
that invitations to join the Midwest
Student War Council have been sent
to 100 midwestern colleges and uni-
versities.
Borman, who is executive secretary
of the recently organized Council said,
"This is one of the first steps on the
part of the colleges to organize on
the basis of wartime activities. We
are making this move to prove to a
skeptical American public that stu-
dents can actively aid the war effort
while acquiring an education."
Envelopes containing information

lined in the conference platform of
the Council, according to Borman, is
to coordinate the efforts of the mem-
ber schools, to disseminate informa-
tion in re their activities, to suggest
projects, and to combine efforts
whenever possible and necessary.
The idea of carrying manpower or-
ganizations to other schools and the
work of the Michigan Manpower
Corps has been commended by Paul
V. McNutt, head of the War Man-
power Corps. It was with his approval
that Borman called a meeting of rep-,
resentatives of the Big Ten last

placed on alleviating the restaurant
labor shortage, the register is in-
tended to be a source of workers for
other positions as well.
Manpower boss Mary Borman re-
ported yesterday that 15 local eater-
ies have already placed their requests
for student employes, and added that
similar requests from others would
be welcomed. In order to get workers
from the Manpower Corps, restau-
rants must fulfill certain sanitation
requirements and other working con-

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