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January 14, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-01-14

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It

4 atI

Weather
Warmer with~ Light Snow

VOL. LIII No. 75 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JAN. 14, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Bombers

Hit Axis
in Africa
Fortresses Destroy
34, Enenmy Planes in
Heaviest Assault; All
Allied Craft Return
By WES GALLAGHER
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, Jan. 13.- Ameri-
can Flying Fortresses, destroying 34
Axis planes aground and aloft in a
brilliant raid on Castel Benito air-
field, 10 miles south of Tripoli, have
torn a considerable hole in the. al-
ready thin air cover on which Field
Marshal Rommel is depending for an
effective retreat from Libya into Tu-
nisia.
In this, the heaviest assault yet
delivered from the west on the Axis
in Tripolitania, not an American
plane was lost, Allied Headquarters
announced today.
Attack Is Huge
The Fortresses' attack, delivered
yesterday, topped all other action in
the North African theatre, where land
operations were marked only by pa-
trol encounters- in the area between
Bou Arada and Goubellat in Tunisia
and along Rommel's route of retreat
in eastern Tripolitania.
While the Allied communique stat-
ed only that 14 planes were shot down
in sharp running combat during the
Castel Benito raid, an air force
spokesman added that at least 20
German planes were smashed on the
ground. He estimated that at least 10
more Nazi craft were damaged in the
air-thus bringing the enemy's pos-
sible losses to as high as 44 planes.
The Axis pilots, flying Messer-
schmitt 109's, apparently were under
instructions to get the Fortresses at
all costs. Avoiding the American
fighter escort, they swooped upon the
big bombers and were met by terrific
blasts from the cannon of the raiders.
Enemy plane after plane plummeted
out of action but every Fortress, de-
spite the Germans' concentrated ef-
fort, reached home safely, although
one limped in .two hours late on two
motors.
Other Blows Struck
(At the eastern end of the Allied
line-in Libya-the British Cominand
announced complementary air blows
in which five enemy fighters were
destroyed in combat; Tripoli and
Homs in Libya and targets in Crete,
Sicily and on Lampedusa Island were
successfully attacked. In all these
operations two Allied planes were lost.
(The British communique spoke
only of patrol action aground in Lib-
ya, but front-line dispatches indi-
cated that the British Eighth Army
was increasing pressure on Rommel).
All De Gaullists
in North Africa
Freed from Jail
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13.- ()-
Elmer Davis, Director of War Infor-
mation, said today that the State De-
partment has received information
that all North African sympathizers
of the Fighting French leader, Gen-
eral Charles De Gaulle, have been re-
leased from jail.
Davis said that this was true "at
least of all persons whom we could
identify as De Gaullists, and might
not include some De Gaullists who
were arrested on other charges, such
as violating rationing cards."
One of the controversies that re-
sulted from the Allied invasion of
North Africa was the claim of De-

Gaulle's London Headquarters at var-
ious times that Axis sympathizers
were still on the loose in North Africa
while De Gaullists languished in jail.
This controversy raged particularly
while Admiral Jean Darlan, former
Vichy official, was in charge of North
Africa in the early days of the inva-
sion.
The State Department memoran-
dum to Davis said that the only polit-
ical prisoners known to be still in jail
in North Africa were an estimated 200
people who had refused to sign prom-
ises not to create trouble.
French Royalist Plot in
North Afric-a Revealed
NEW YORK, Jan. 13. - U) - A
French Royalist plot to set up a mon-
archy in North Africa has failed and
some French Royalists have been im-
plicated in the Christmas Eve assass-
ination of Admiral Jean Darlan, CBS
correspondent Charles Collingwood
reported tonight in a broadcast from

Bedaux, Friend
of Windsor,
Ordered Held
Takenon Charge of
Trading with Enemy
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. Charles
E. Bedaux, who made a fortune out
of a controversial system designed to
increase workers' efficiency, hasbeen
arrested in North Africa on a charge
of trading with the enemy, the State
Department said today.
Secretary Hull said he had received
news of the arrest, but had no details.
Bedaux's castle near Tours, France,
was the scene of the 1937 wedding of
the Duke of Windsor, England's abdi-
cated Edward VIII, and Mrs. Wallis
Warfield Simpson of Baltimore. The
same castle, equipped with deep un-
derground passages and a private
golf course, served as temporary offi-
ces for the American Embassy after
it was forced to leave Paris in 1940.
Criticized by Union
Bedaux also was designated by the
Duke of Windsor to arrange the
Duke's proposed American tour in
1937-a trip the Duke called off after
a storm of criticism against Bedaux
came from American labor unions.
Bedaux had completed many of the
plans-even to the extent of calling
at the State Department for an hour's
conference-before Windsor canceled
the tour.
The unions' criticism, spearheaded
by a sharply worded resolution of the
Baltimore Federation of Labor, was
based upon their condemnation of
the "Bedaux system" of rating work-
ers. Bedaux himself said in 1937 that
1,000,000 workers were affected by
the system, denied it was a "speed-
up," as the unions charged, and said
unions in England and elsewhere were
cooperating in its operation.
Plan Outlined;
Under the system, as outlined at
the time of the controversy, an engi-
neer with a stop-watch timed a work-
er performing a specific task. If the
job took 60 minutes, it was assigned
60B (for Bedaux) units. Supposing
that this worker received 60 cents an
hour, another who could do the as-
signed task In 40 minutes, saving .20
B units, would, be paid 80 cents an
hour. A worker who took 80 minutes,
however, would receive the basie 0-
cent wage.
Rationing to
Be Simplified
OPA Sees Continued
Driving Ban in East
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13.- ()- An
Office of Price Administration official
told a special Senate Committee today
that OPA was trying to simplify gas-
oline rationing, but he offered East-
ern states only slight hope of a return
to pleasure driving.
Meanwhile, Petroleum Administra-
tor Harold L. Ickes limited the inven-
tories of all gasoline and fuel oil re-
sellers, as well as industrial and com-
mercial consumers, in the eastern
shortage area, to a 10 days' supply.
The purpose, it was explained, was to
assure more equitable distribution of
the products.
Charles S. Phillips, chief of the
automotive supplies division, said it
might be possible to relax the ban on
pleasure . driving after the winter

heating crisis which strains transpor-
tation for the shipment of fuel oil,
and estimated the remainder of this
emergency period at 65 to 70 days.

Cited for HeroismI

Surging Russians Move
50 Miles in Vital Cauca

Forward
sus Area;

Allied Planes Smash at Continent

.v oA

Lieut.-Col. James Roosevelt, the
eldest son of the President and
Mrs. Roosevelt, was cited for "ex-
traordinary heroism" in a Marine
Corps raid last August on Makidn
Island in the Pacific. The decora-
tion, given him in October, was an-
nounced yesterday by the Navy.
Fourteen other men were also dec-
orated,
Coal Miners
Split over Vote
on Ultimatum
WLB Orders Quick
Return to Work or
Federal Intervention
By The Associated Press'
WILKES-BARRE- Pa., Jan. 13.-
Striking anthracite miners in the
Pennsylvania hard coal field appar-
ently split today on an ultimatum
from the War Labor Board that they
return to work immediately or face
possible government intervention.
Returns from the first 12 mine lo-
cals to report on their vote on a pro-
posal to abide by the WLB's demand
showed 8,950 strikers voting to con-
tinue the walkout and 3,600 who voted
to go back.
No returns were reported from the
remaining strikers in the 20,000 who
walked out on an unauthorized strike
15 days ago in protest against an in-
crease of 50 cents a month in United
Mine Workers dues and in support
of a demand for a $2-a-day wage in-
crease.
Of the 12 locals reporting, eight
voted to stay out and four decided to
return.
Tabulation of the vote from the en-
tire 22 locals on strike will be made
later tonight.
The WLB stepped into the picture
yesterday with the declaration that
"unless this threat to the safety of
our nation is immediately terminated
the Board will exercise all powers
within its jurisdiction to fulfill its
obligations to the country." The
statement was taken to mean that
the Board would, if necessary, recom-
mend that President Roosevelt take
over the mines.
Meanwhile Representative McCor-
mack, Majority Floor Leader of the
House of Representatives, said in
Washington that those responsible
for the strike are guilty of "what well
might be termed close to treason."

Nazi Industrial Plants
at Lille Shattered in
Huge Daylight Raid;
Ruhr Bombed Again
By EDWARD D. BALL
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Jan. 13.- Large bomber
forces and American and Allied fight-
ers-nearly 400 in all-made one of
the greatest series of daylight raids
of the war today on Occupied France
and Holland.
The heaviest attack was delivered
by Flying Fortresses which bored
through swarms of German fighters
to register many direct hits on ind.is-
trial plants at Lille.
Three Fortresses were missing from
the Lille attack and two RAF fighters
failed to return from Holland. Three
enemy planes were shot down.
Shuttle across Channel
The Flying Fortresses and the
RAF's newest and fastest light bomb-
ers shuttled across the channel from
noon until late afternoon to paste
these targets:
Lille-high altitude attacks by the
Fortresses on Nazi controlled indus-
trial plants and railways were suc-
cessful. It was the third heavy raid
on Lille -and the 17th bombing attack
there since it was captured by the
Nazis in 1940.
St. Omer-RAF Boston Bombers
scored many hits on the German-
occupied airfield.
Abbeville-Vega Ventura ombers
with an escort bombed the airfield
from a low level.
Northern France - Mosquitoes
bombed railway centers from low-level
and engine sheds and repair shops
were hit.
Holland Hit Hard
Holland-transportation and gun
positions were blasted.
Fighter pilots who were out during
the day included American, British,
Canadian, New Zealand, Australian,
Belgian, Norwegian, Polish and Fight-
ing French.
The raids were carried out in bright
sunshine and the Fortresses loosed
their bombs from high altitudes on
the industries of Lille, which are
making war material for Adolf Hitler,
and on the railway yards which make
up part of his transportation system.'
The daylight attacks followed a
night assault by the British on the
Ruhr valley of Germany, the seventh
time in 10 nights that that important
German area had been raided by the
RAF.
Attack All Day
A communique issued by the British
Air Ministry for itself and the head-
quarters on the European theatre of
operations of the U.S. Army gave few
details of today's heavy assault but
declared that the RAF, the U.S. Army
Air Force, and Dominion and Allied
planes "have carried out extensive
operations over Northern France to-
day."
The Allies kept planes shuttling
over the channel all day in the wake
of the attack by four-motored British
bombers which dropped two - ton
bombs on the Ruhr last night.
WLB to Set Up
Regional Boards
in Large Cities
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13.- (/')-
Regional War Labor Boards, with
power to decide disputes in their own
territories, will be set up under a far-
reaching reorganization of the gov-
ernment's machinery for settling con-
traversies endangering the war effort.
The regional boards, it was learned
today, will be established in Detroit,
Seattle and the 10 cities in which

WLB now has regional offices-Bos-
ton, New York. Philadelphia, Atlanta,
Cleveland, Chicago, Kansas City,
Denver, Dallas and San Francisco.
under this plan the "big WLB," in
Washington, 'will become a sort of
Supreme Court, to which decisions of
the regional boards can be appealed.
The WLB also will consider cases in
which new principles are involved,
and which it wishes to call up for
review on its own motion.
Plane Crash Kills
Two near Willow Run

By BUD BRIMMER
Theres $1,000 in it for the Bomber
Scholarship Fund ..
And, that's tosay nothing of two
solid hours of A-1 entertainment for
Ann Arbor's students, faculty mem-
bers and townspeople ...
And, it's also the campus' big
chance to show their desire to help
the scholarship plan ---
These were IFC spokesman Bud
Burgess' three big reasons why there-
'll be the expected crowd of 2,500
people when the all-campus stunt
show, "Victory Vanities," does its
one-night stand starting at 9 p.m.
tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
The "Vanities" program will not
only feature .10-minute skits by four
fraternities, four sororities and one
magician-Lyle Albright, '43E,-but
Johnny Cavell's 12-piece band will
be on hand to provide pre-show and
intermission music. Cavell, who play-
ed at the League New Year's Eve,
volunteered the services of his or-
chestra to the Interfraternity Coun-
cil-Panhellenic Council stunt show
committee.
Gentile to Be Here
What's more, Lorraine Dalzen, sor-
ority chairman, said, radio CKLW's
Happy Joe Gentile and his side-kick
Ralph Bingay-will be present to keep
the show rolling in their positions
as co-masters of ceremony.
The sorority contestants are Kappa
KCappa Gamma, Alpha Chi Omega,
Kappa Delta, and Gamma Phi Beta.
The fraternity entries are Phi Gam-
ma :Delta, Theta Xi, Beta Theta Pi,
and Delta Kappa Epsilon.
The show's starting time, contrary
to the previous announcements, will
not be at 8 p.m. due to changes made
in deference to the Michigan-Wiscon-,

sin basketball game. "But that does-
n't bother us," Brown said, "because
we know some mighty queer charac-
ters who've promised to turn up in
the Sports Building at the game half-
time to urge the students to rush right1
up to Hill Auditorium after theI
game."
Mimes to Give Skit
But the highlight attraction of the
evening is going to be the Mimes'
members skit, confidential affiliates
of the campus' honorary drama soci-
ety assured us yesterday. This act,
entitled "Embarkation Eve," will be
a pseudo-drama based upon so-called
true stories of soldiers leaving for
foreign service. It will be Mimes' only
appearance of the year since the Un-
ion Opera was foregone this year by
the society because of the war.
Tickets for the Vanities will be on
general sale both in the men's and
women's dormitories today and to-
morrow and will also be sold at the
box office tomorrow night. A dress
rehearsal of the show will be held at
7:30 p.m. today.
Four Japanese
Bases Raided by
Allied Bombers
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, Jan. 14. (Thursday)-
(A)-, Slowed down on the ground by]
pouring rain that turned the whole1
Sanananda sector of New Guinea into
a swampy bog, Allied commanders
broadened their air attack against
the Japanese with raids on four bases.i
A single Liberator raided Madang
and Finschhafen on the Northern
New Guinea coast northwest of Lae.
Flying Fortresses, supported by medi-
um bombers and fighters, struck at
Lae and Salamaua. Over Gasmata,
New Britain, a Liberator shot down
two and probably got a third out of
six Zeros which tried to interrupt its
reconnaissance.
In the area of Lae-where the Japs
succeeded in landing remnants of re-
inforcements from a convoy last week
but paid for the attempt with 138
planes destroyed or damaged and at
least three transports and a warship
sunk-large fires were started among
barges, stores and harbor installa-
tions. A Japanese fighter was de-
stroyed on the ground at the Mala-
bang inland airstrip adjacent to Lae.
Bridges Asks
Flynn Probe
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13.- (')-
Senator Bridges of New Hampshire
spearheading Republican opposition
to making Edward J. Flynn the U.S.
Minister to Australia, declared today
that the Senate should determine
whether that country was consulted
about the appointment-and whether
Secretary of State Hull approved it.
The Senate Foreign Relations Com-
,mittee plans to take up Friday the
nomination of the Democratic chair-
man, who has described as "purely
politics" the opposition to his selec-
tion.

SHOW TO OPEN TOMORROW:
Vanities' Ready to Go

Petrillo Will
Consider End
of Record Ban

/

Moscow Reports 12
More Towns Seized;
Nazi Opposition FirI
in Repeated Attacks
By HENRY C. CASSIDY
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, Jan. 14. (Thursday)-
the Red Army pushed rapidly norm
hrough sagging German forces ia
the Caucasus yesterday, advancing" 59
niles from the Georgievsk-Mineral-
aye Vody area to Zhuravsokoye, X
was announced officially early today
The offensive also continued to roll.
orward at a slower pace northwest
f Mineralnye Vody, where sharp Nazi
ounterattacks were beaten off. Alto-
ether the Russians said they seized
.2 towns and railway points, killed
hundreds of Germans and captured
.00.
To the north, along the lower Don
River where the Russians are threat-
ming the Nazis on the approaches to
Rostov, the midnight communique
aid the Russians had smashed a ser-
ies of heavy Nazi counterattacks. No
pecific Russian gains were claimed
n this area.
Kew .Red Drive
(The Berlin radio said the Soviets
ad opened another offensive-the
ifth for the winter-in the Voronezh
ector on the upper Don 300 miles
orthwest of Stalingrad, t"M'~id the
Germans were not caught by surprI,,
nd repulsed the Russians. The Ge'
mans several times have announce
Russian major drives ahead of Ms-
ow communiques.)
Zhuravskoye in the Caucasus Wa
the farthest point reached by tme
Russians in their drive due nor
From the Mineralnye .Vo4y-ostfv
railway. Other towns seized were Sab-
inskoye, Novoselits-Koye, and Kit-
%evskoye.
The communique mdicated the
Germans were now stiffening in the
Caucasus after being routed for more
han 100 miles from the Mozdok-Nal-
hik areas. The Red Army's advance
now isralong dirt roads and across
fields but once they have reached
Blagodarnoye the Russians will have
cleared a path west across the Cauc-
sus and north toward the reat lake'
region.
Push from Stalingrad
The latter area already has been
reached by a Red Army column that
pushed south from Stalingrad
through Elista, provincial capital of
the Kalmyck Republic.
Fanning out along the Caucasian
railway the Russians pushed seven
miles northwest of Mineralnye Vody
yesterday to seize the railway station
of Kumagorsky, and also took the
settlements of Kangly and Greche-
skoye in thisseWtor."
One Soviet unit was said to have
wiped out more than 50 Germans
;luring the day, and seized ten Ger-
man guns, four automatic guns, 28
machine guns, 67 trucks, 50,000 car-
tridges, four ammunition dumps and
a herd of cattle.
Germans Sei*ze
U.S. Diplomats
Release of German
Commission Is Aim
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13, - Ger-
many is trying to force the release of
its captured. armistice commission in
North Africa-by seizing as hostages
the American diplomats and other
nationals in France.
The State Department disclosed
this today in announcing "the Ger-
man government has now assumed

complete jurisdiction over the Amer-
ican group and is taking them to
Germany under guard of German 8
troops."
The Americans--totaling about 140
diplomats, newspaper correspondents,
Red Cross workers and others-were
caught in France last November by
the break of diplomatic relations with
Vichy.
The Department said its prompt
proposal to exchange French officials
held here for the American group
detained in France had met with an

WASHINGTON, Jan. 13.-(')-The
prospect of an early lifting of a union
ban against recorded music arose to-
day before a Senate committee with
James C. Petrillo promising to Under-
take a settlement of his differences
with radio broadcasters and recording
companies.
The American Federation of Musi-
cians' president agreed with Senator
Clark (Dem.-Idaho) that the time
had arrived to "talk business with
these boys" and even conceded
"they've got some justice on their
side."
He flatly refused, however, to agree
to a suspension of the ban pending
negotiations, declaring:
"I've negotiated with these people
locally and nationally for 20 years.
If they are permitted to make records
while the negotiations are going on,
they'll make enough to last two or
three years."
Petrillo said he would take the mat-
ter up with the executive council of
his union since it would have to ap-
prove formal demands upon 'the in-
dustry.
The, gray-haired union leader made
it clear that any agreement would
have to provide for receipt by the
union of royalties on all records sold
and played and "more work for live
musicians."

ARMY, NAVY NEED FACTS:
Phone Calls Scare Reservists
as War Board Makes Check-Up

3-YEAR-OLD SECRET RELEASED :
Air Ministry Tells of Destroying
of- Secret Weapon' byBombers

By LEE GORDENKER
Campus reservists seemed to see
Uncle Sam's finger pointing at them
in the last few days as the University
War Board requested specific infor-
mation from them.
On-the-job War Board secretaries
phoned the reservists to find whether
they were in the Enlisted Reserve
Corps, the Air Force or in the Navy.
Then they wanted to know about
Army serial numbers, birth date, field
of study and the number of semesters
completed.
The Army wanted to know a few
days ago how its men stood and asked
the War Board to find out. That's
how the calls started.

Navy moves it will ask pre-medical
and pre-dental students today to reg-
ister at the War Information Center.
Complete information will then be on
file for the services.
War Board officials said that the
boys needn't worry about not finish-
ing the semester, for the announced
dates of induction still stood. They
blamed the calls on the armed forces'
desire to know their men a little bet-
ter so that the specialized training
program will work smoothly.
The Army told its reservists a few
weeks ago that they would be notified
about induction sometime during this
month but that they wouldn't be
called until at least two weeks after

By The Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 14. (Thursday)-
The Air Ministry released a 3-year-
old secret today in telling how Well-
ington bombers helped clear the seas
around Britain's coasts of the deadly
German magnetic mines which once
were Hitler's "secret weapon" and
which threatened the supply lines to
these islands in the last three months
of 1939.
The story of the "hazardous and

iliary engine of the ordinary Ford
V-8 type.
The equipment was designed to set
up a magnetic current which would
set off the then new type of mine.
"Coastal Command" said that
"when the mines exploded the Well-
ingtons were severely jolted and their
crews had no warning to brace them-
selves, for they could not know fhe
moment when they would pass over a
mine."
Minesweeping from the air, it said,
continued "some four months, after

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