THE MICHIGAN DAILY
3TULENT AID TURNS THE TRICK
Manpower Corps Ends Work
on 35-Ton Boilers for Navy
The goods have been delivered!1
That is the final story on those two
35-ton boilers that the Manpower
Corps and Buildings and Grounds
men have been working on for the
last two weeks.
It was reported yesterday by E. C.
Pardon, head of the Buildings and
Grounds .department, that the last
freight car left Ann Arbor last Sat-
urday morning on its way to a Rhode
Island Navy arsenal engaged in war
'In all, six freight cars loaded to
capacity were needed to move all
the parts to the east coast.
Dismantling operations on these
two steam giants began when an
urgent call from the Navy asked that
the University make them ready for
shipment "within a very short time."
Operating shorthanded, Buildings
and Grounds men began the job of
stripping 60 tons of fire brick from
each of the boilers which stand 50
An acute labor shortage on the job
prevented the fast action which the
Navy was asking. .A call for imme-
diate help from the Manpower Corps.
produced the necessary men to step
into the breech.
Pardon was full of praise for the
cooperation University men showed
in expediting the task. Said he, "The
boiler job was greatly speeded up
when the University students came
to work. They did a fine job and
really helped the war effort."
A committee of four faculty and
five student judges headed by Prof.
Donald L. Katz' of the chemical en-
gineering department announces that
the prize winning essay in the Michi-
gan Technic's November Ethics con-
test was written by a freshman, Rob-
ert Taylor, '46E.
Professor Katz expressed pleasure
at the number and quality of the an-
swers turned in, reporting that the
judges deliberated for weeks before
reaching a decision.
The deadline for the December con-
test has been extended to Jan. 5.
All entries are to be submitted to the
Technic office, 3036 East Engineering
Building. Further information can
be obtained from Sydney Shell, edi-
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. - (P) -
Take your choice of wavy saw-tooth
or straight edges, expertsof the War
Production Board said today-there
are plenty of knives to cut bread.
F Starting late next month bakers
won't carve the loaf for you because
of a government order to keep down
the price of bread despite more ex-
The government declined to enter
the public controversy of by-gone
days on what shape of edge cuts
"Any knife at least seven inches
long-and sharp-will cut bread," one
Although most bakery bread has
been pre-sliced for years, knives suit-
able for cutting bread are still being
manufactured at a maximum rate,
limited by WPB, of 60 per cent of
1941 levels. This rate, officials said,
should be enough for all normal de-
mand, providing housewives make
prudent use of their knives-not use
them as can openers, for instance.
Big Bakeries will be required to
cut out about half of their varieties
of bread and rolls. Some now produce
more than 60 varieties of bread and
rolls. The' maximum number per-
mitted in any week after Jan. 18 will
be 10 varieties of hand-molded bread,
six of machine-molded bread, and
three of rolls for distribution through
The maximum number distribut-
able direct to consumers in any one
week will be 15 of bread, and nine
Food Administrator Wickard's or-
BAKERS LOAFING ON JOB:
WPB Gives Advice on Cutting up
der alsorestricts wrappings-no bak-
er will package bread or rolls in more
than one thickness of wrapping ma-
terial, except where rolls need card-
board ends or trays.
PAROLE POLICY UNCHANGED
LANSING, Dec. 30. - (IP) - The
Michigan Bureau of Paroles declared
today that it will maintain regular
parole policies despite a new selective
service system policy of liberalizing
its moral standards in accepting
The Selective Service announce-
ment that registrants who had been
disqualified on moral grounds would
be granted waives unless guilty of
"heinous crimes" was "welcomed" by
the bureau, according to Gerald F.'
Bush, a member.
Goes To Haiti
Volney H. Jones, associate curator
of ethnology at the University mu-
seum of anthropology, with his wife
and five-year-old son, Alan, left last
night for Haiti where he will act as
a rubber superintendent of govern-
ment rubber production.
Mr. Jones, who lived at 509 Keech
Ave., has obtained a leave of absence
from the University effective Jan, 1.
He has been a student and staff
member at the University for the last
He expects to be working on his
job, a non-military one, for approxi-
mately one year. His work will be
with the government of Haiti and will
involve the production of rubber to
sell to the United States.
Survey of 1942
Supreme in Air
By GLADWIN HILL
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Dec. 31. (Thursday)-
The RAF and Allied Air Forces
hae .gained superiority over the
Wiftwaffe on all fronts in 1942,
the Air Ministry said today, and an
1AF commentator added that as
Allied air strength has grown the
enein's has deteriorated.
The Air Ministry said the Allies'
achievements in the air included
effective counter-action against the
U oat menace.
A commentator said the RAF
now is stronger than the German
and Italian air forces combined,
and that it has increased 333 per
cett ii size during the last 12
as examples of Germany's need
for""raiding" one department of
he air fore to bolster others, the
co mnentator mentioned that Ger-
an y had had to convert JU-88
bolbers into night fighters, press
botibers into service as air trans-
port and shipping escorts and
"oinb out" the Luftwaffe's rear
echelons, reserve pools and training
spliools to supply the front lines.
The front will be the last place
where weakness will become evi-
dent, he said, but signs of waning
airpower, especially in relation to
the rapidly growing . Allied air
forces, Is a good symptom of the
general' decline through the Axis'
whole military structure.
" his' commentator said the air
trisports used by the Nazis to sup-
ply;the Tunisian front were less
eificint than ships. Along with the
e erency use of bombers to pro-
tedt shipping, he said, this indicated
the inroads made on the enemy's
iediterranean merchant ship and
As i o outstanding examples of
Germany's inability to muster
enough air strength to attain her
goals, he cited the failure at Stalin-
grad and the insufficient air power
tobomb the Eighth Army out of
existence and thus prevent its re-
surgence after its retreat to El Ala-
mein, Egypt, last June.
In its review of the year's opera-
tions, the Air Ministry reported
that the RAF coastal command
alone made 300 attacks in the ca-
paign against the U-boats, forcing
the undersea raiders to "spend
much of their time submerged, with
their stingers drawn."
The Air Ministry asserted that,
together with the navy, the air
command had scored one of the
most important victories of the
year, however unspectacular, in the
"greatest submarine hunt of the
wa,"-over the Bay of Biscay while
Allied armadas of 850 ships were
enroute to North Africa.
As a result of this victory, the
Air Ministry said, no Allied ship
was attacked until after the ar-
madas had passed Gibraltar.
One group of fighter planes was
disclosed to have destroyed more
than 500 planes during the year.
The number of fighters was not
"Late in the year," the review
revealed, "the enemy concentrated
submarines around Iceland. The
coista command retaliated rap-
idly. American - built Liberators
and Hudsons maintained daily
sweeps in all kinds of weather."
Major developments of the year
listed i the review included "satu-
ration" night raids over. Axis terri-
tory, precision day bombing by
U.S. Flying Fortresses, and conver-
sio of the fighter arm into an of-
fe sive weapon.
American-built Mustangs of the
Army cooperation command "revo-
lutionized" the tactical use of sup-
porting aircraft so much that "one
man did the job of two," and maxi-
mum speed became something near
400 mules per hour, the review
stated. "These aircraft, fast as
fighters, are well able to defend
themselves, and attack with en-
T will never spear a Jap. Never sink a sub.
Yet an electric turbo-generator is a weapon
of war - a deadly weapon. And this one is
doubly so, Because it is destined for use in a
Detroit Edison Power Plant, where it will gener-
ate power for a host of war industries in this
area. It is deadly because the flood of war products
from Southeastern Michigan will help tip the
scales and seal the doom of our enemies.
NOT A SECRET WEAPON
But the turbo'generator is not a secret weapon.
All the world knows that the United States has
more electric power to forge the tools of victory
than all the countries of the Axis combined. The
Detroit Edison Company is a conspicuous ex-
ample, with 5% times the capacity that it pos-
sessed in World War I. Without that tremendous
capacity, it is unlikely that the Detroit area could
have become - so quickly - the bristling arsenal
that it is today - producing planes, guns, tanks,
ships, and countless other instruments and mate-
rials of war for the free peoples of the world.
WHY AMERICA IS SUPREME
Why is America supreme in electric power?
The answer can be found in the American econ-
omy of abundance, based on the concept - "The
more electricity that is used, the less it costs to
produce it, And the less it costs, the more it will
be used." Influenced by the public benefits to be
gained from this policy, the electric companies
of America have consistently followed a program
of improvement and expansion in order to pro-
vide the most dependable service for their cus-
tomers and the greatest abundance of electric
power for the country.
TWO YEARS TO BUILD
Now this new turbo-generator is being added
to The Detroit Edison Company's generating
capacity. Since it takes nearly two years - and
approximately a million and a half dollars - to
complete one of these huge marvels of modern
science, you can see that your electric company
has always had to prepare for the future far in
advance. The new generator which brings its
urgently needed power at this critical time was
on order long before the blow at Pearl Harbor
shocked a peaceful people and set the wheels of
war production turning madly.
ENOUGH FOR 250,000 FAMILIES
This newest turbo-generator provides an addi-
tional 75,000 kilowatts - or enough electricity to
care for the normal needs of 250,000 average
families. Yet, this 75,000 kilowatts is only a
small portion of the entire present Detroit Edison
capacity. In a world of peace, this added capacity
would have been utilized to assure ample electric
power for homes and indusfries. It would have
offered further assurance of the dependable ser-
vice to which the customers of The Detroit Edison
Company have become accustomed. It would
have meant greater comfort and convenience for
larger numbers of people. It would have brought
added promise of the continuation of the rea-
sonable rates for electricity which customers of
The Detroit Edison Company enjoy. But cir-
cumstances have changed its immediate destiny.
Marked for continuous action behind the lines,
this industrial weapon will be devoted largely to
the grim needs of war.
A MODERN MIRACLE
There are many vital elements that participate
in the complete cycle for the production and sup-
plying of electricity to homes and industry. How-
ever, the turbo-generator is the heart of the enor-
mous operation. It is the mechanism that converts
the energy of extremely hot steam at high pres-
sure into electric current. The Detroit Edison
Company, in selecting a General Electric turbo-
generator, gave well-merited recognition to 40
years of leadership in the building of these great
machines and in improving their design to obtain
greater efficiency. Your section of the Country is
getting the finest equipment that technological
skill has devised - the most reliable equipment
that money can buy.