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December 16, 1942 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-12-16

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It 4

:43 at I

Weather
Slightly Colder

VOL' LII No. 62 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, DEC. 16, 1942
Active Duty within a Few Weeks for Reserves:

MRCE FIVE CENTS

F

. -.__.

Allies Har ass
JapRemnants
at Cape Hunt
Enemy Raiding Party
Incessantly Strafed,
Bombed in Attempt to
Land on New Guinea
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, Dec. 16. (Wednesday)
-Remnants of a Japanese force
which made a landing despite bloody
losses, at Cape Ward Hunt about half
way between Lae and Buna are being
harassed by Allied planes, General
Douglas MacArthur's noon communi-
que reported today.,
The same air arm which sank land-
ing barges, drove off two cruisers and
three destroyers and permitted only
a portion-perhaps as much as 1,000
-of the Japs to reach land for a new
beachhead in the northeast New Gui-
nea fighting rained a hail of deadly
bombs and bullets upon the group
which got to shore.
"Our air force," the communique
stated, "continued incessant bombing
and strafing attacks throughout the
day on remnants of the enemy land-
ing force at the mouth of the Man-
bare River. The entire area is strewn'
with derelict barges, wreckage and
enemy dead."
On either side of newly captured
Buna, where Japs still cling to re-
stricted sectors of opposition. Allied
ground forces were maintaining hea-
vy pressure.
Under cover of darkness, an enemy
plane bombed the Allied base at Port
Moresby on the southeast New Guinea
shore last night but the communique
said they fell "harmlessly."
Heavy bombers raided the airdrome
last night at Gasmata on New Britain
Island. Twelve Jap fighters attempted
to intercept. Three were shot down
and two others damaged.
Navy Charged
with Sinking

WE NEED MEN:
This Jo6b Must Be Done
By HOMER SWANDER
Daily Managing Editor
TODAY and throughout the rest of the week the men on this campus
will have the privilege of actually helping to build airplanes for the
United States Navy.
o An East Coast Naval arsenal is in desperate and immediate need
of two vitally essential steam boilers which are now resting in the Uni-
versity powerhouse. Those boilers, cannot be used in the production of
planes until we Michigan men pitch in and strip them of 60 tons of
bricks.
IN THIS JOB, as in all war work, time is all-important-the first
shipment must leave here not later than Saturday morning. Thus,
every minute anyone of us spends working on the boilers is an im-
portant minute spent in winning the war.
The Navy, through the Manpower Corps, has called upon us for
help and as yet we have not responded in sufficient numbers to clear
the boilers for shipment Saturday. ,
We have three more days in which to get the work done-three
days to prove that Michigan students CAN meet an emergency, that
Michigan students CAN forget vacation long enough to concentrate
upon the job of war, that Michigan students WILL sacrifice and actu-
ally go out of their way to help defeat the Axis.
The production of those Navy. planes depends upon us. WHAT
ARE WE GOING TO DO ABOUT IT?

* * *

* * *

Steam Boiler PIroject
Requires.,',U' Manpower
o~

By STAN WALLACE
Word was received late last night
that "we need those boilers within six
days," according to E. C. Pardon,
head of the Buildings and Grounds
Department.
The source quoted is a spokesman
for the company constructing an ad-
dition to a Navy Rhode Island arsenal
for which the two steam boilers now
in the University powerhouse are go-
ing to be used.
Buildings and Grounds men have
been working feverishly for. the past
two weeks in an attempt to prepare
these boilers for shipment. Because
of the acute labor shortage in this
area every Buildings and Grounds
man, numbering seven, has been
forced to work 20 hours a day.
Immediate Aid Urgent
An urgent call for immediate aid
from the Manpower Corps was issued
by Pardon yesterday: "We need men,
lots of men who are willing to work.
Cooperate with the Manpower Mobili-
zation Corps but don't put it off. Time
is valuable. Do it now."
All -workers must report to the
University storehouse located on
North U. near Forest. Workers may
report to the storehouse at any
time. If it is not open, press the

of Transport
'Blunder' Sinks the
President Coolidge
Is Company Statement
By The Associated Pres
WASHINGTON, Dec. 15.- A ship-
ping company official asserted today
that a Navy blunder led to the sinking
of the 21,936-ton former liner Presi-
dent Coolidge, while operating in the
Solomons area as a troop transport.
Meanwhile, the Navy undertook a
"very thorough investigation."
The accusation came from J. Hugh
Jackson, a director of the American
Presidents Line, which formerly
owned the ship. He told a luncheon
meeting at Stockton, Calif., that the
captain of the transport, abouttto
enter a.harbor, met two U.S. destroy-
ers outside. He stopped, asked wheth-
er the harbor was safe, and was as-
sured there was nothing to worry
about. The ship entered and struck
two mines, Jackson said.
Asserting that a "question of pos-
sible fault" was involved, Secretary
of the Navy Knox at the same time
announced that a naval board of in-
quiry was looking into the incident.
He was asked whether the vessel
might have struck a mine.
"I have no information that it hit
one of our mhines," he replied, adding
that the area in which the vessel sank
was no proof that the mine was part
of an American-laid field. Japanese
submarines, he said,dhad been sowing
mines in the same waters.
Congress Adjourns;
Will Convene Jan. 6
WASHINGTON, Dec. 15.- ()-{

buzzer at the door. There is some-
one on 24-hour duty. Do not repor
to the powerhouse directly;. go to
the storehouse first.
Mary Borman, '44, Manpower head,
indicated that the Corps would step
into the breech only to the measure
that University men students cooper-.
ate. Said he, "We have contacted over
150 men, and it is up to them to ful-
fill their pledges to work. The gravity
of the situation demands that they
give this job a priority on their time."
This is the work that has to be
done:
1) Remove 60 tons of bricks from
inside the powerhouse.
2) Remove the fire bricks from
two eight-ton stokers.
Turn to Page 2, Col. 4
Anderson Is
Elected to Lead
Senior Class
Harry Anderson is the new presi-
dent of the senior class of the liter-
ary college. His fellow leaders of the
class of '43, chosen in yesterday's bal-
loting, include Ben Smith, vice-pres-
ident; Nancy Gray, treasurer; and
Ann Herzog, secretary.
The new leader and director of
class activities comes into office with
an active University record already
behind him. A member of Druids,
Anderson was managing editor of the
Gargoyle, served on the Daily sports
staff and was a pember of his fresh-
man football squad.
Smith is president of the National
Intercollegiate Golf Association, and
was captain of the Michigan golf
squad.
. Treasurer Nancy Gray, a member
of Alpha Gamma Delta, is prominent
in League activities, serving as pub-
licity director of the Defense Com-
mittee, as a member of the social
committee and as the head of the
Seven-Eleven Club:

Red Army
Slowed'on
Rzhev Front
Soviets Capture Two
More Towns Despite
Nazi Counterattacks;
Kill 1,000 Germans
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Dec. 16. (Wednesday)-
The Russians announced the capture
of two more populated places west of
Rzhev on the frozen central front
yesterday, but the midnight commu-
nique made it apparentthat steady
Nazi counterattacks still were slowing
the Red Army both there and on the
two wings of the Staliigrad sector.
More than 1,000 Germans were de-
clared killed and 40 tanks and 10
planes destroyed, but no significant
changes in 'the general situation were
reported. Waves of Nazi infantrymen
supported by tanks were meeting
nearly every Russian thrust.
400 Germans Killed
Approximately 400 Germans were
killed west of Rzhev, and the Soviets
also reported the destruction of sev-
eral dozen enemy blockhouses -and
artillery nests near the Rzhev-Vyaz-
ma railway.
This railway is one side of the
Rzhev-Vyazma-Velikie Luki triangle
the . Russians have undertaken to
smash northwest of Moscow. About
one battalion of enemy infantry was
dispersed and partly destroyed in the
railway area, the communique said.
The Velikie Luki sector was not men-
tioned.
Twenty-six Nazi tanks were report-
ed knocked out on the central front,
and the remainder were disabled in
the repulse of German counterattacks
northwest and southwest of Stalin-
grad.
Stalingrad Barrages Continue
Inside Stalingrad the Russians con-
tinued their methodical artillery bar-
rages interspersed with small infan-
try charges to destroy 16 enemy
blockhouses, ten dugouts, six guns
and 20 machine guns.
"Our troops engaged big forces of
enemy infantry and tanks" southwest
of Stalingrad, the communique said.
This sector appeared 'to be the most
troublesome for the Russians who
have been trying to link up with
other Red Army units slugging it out
with the Germans on the Eastern
Don Bank northwest of the city.
Situation Summarized
In this southwestern sector earlier
dispatches had summarized the situa-
tion thus:
The Germans, with advantage of a
rolling fog to mask their surprise at-
tack, struck with the weight of re-
serves massed for three days in the
Stalingrad sector, presumably at the
approaches to Kotelnikovski on the
Caucasus Rail Line 90 miles south-
west of Stalingrad.
Daily Editor
Will Resign
Swander Leaves
to Advance Juniors
Homer D. Swander, Managing Edi-
tor of The Daily, last night revealed
that he had handed his resignation,
effective Feb. 8, 1943, to the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
Swander attributed his resignation
to a desire to open .senior jobs to
Daily lower staff members and to a

heavy scholastic load required by the
-Navy Reserve in which he is enlisted.
He was appointed to the top posi-
tion on The Daily last spring for
three semesters. His termof office
would normally end in May, 1943.
Two other Daily senior staff jobs
will be vacated because of graduation.
Barbara De Fries, Women's Editor,

Coll1ege Studentsi
To Report Soon
P f
Enlisted Reserves to Get Orders
after Jan. 1, War Department Says
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 15.--College students who are members of the
-Army's Enlisted Reserve Corps probably will be called to active duty within
a few weeks.
This was disclosed today by a War Department spokesman who said the
orders taking those youths into service probably would be issued shortly
after the first of the year. No prediction was made as to the date the
enlisted reserves would be directed to report. Members of basic Reserve
Officer Training Corps who are not members of the enlisted reserve are
subject to induction, the Department said.
Spokesmen at 'the Navy Department and Marine Corps Headquarters
said they had no information of any similar action to be taken in the near
future by those services.

850 Campus Reserves
Face Active Service
An estimated 850 Michigan men
are members of the Army. Enlisted
Reserve Corps and the'Airmy Air
Corps Enlisted Reserve. Enlistments
were completely discontinued yester,
day in 'accordance with President
Roosevelt's recent executive order.
A foreshadowing of this latest move
came in September 'when Secretary of
War Henry Stimson told college stu-
dents in the Reserves that they would
be subject tocall soon. At that time
students crowded the War Informa-
tion Center seeking additional details
which, however, were not revealed.
Another indication that reserves
would be called came this month
when Manpower Director Paul Mc-
Nutt said that the Selective Service
System would be tightened up.
In all there are about 650,000 men
in the colleges of the Nation. The
number in the Enlisted Reserve Corps
is not definitely known.
Town Meeting'
t 9 ,
Airs Plans for
Post -War Era.
Reaffirming their belief in post-
war planning now, four University
students outlined their plans of post-
war reconstruction last night before
a student audience in the Post-War
Council's "Town Meeting" held in the
Rackham Amphitheatre.
The proceedings were introduced by
Mary Borman, '44, head of the Man-
power Corps. Clifford Straehley, '44,
advanced the theory that a "modified
League of Nations would solve the
post-war problem."
John Muehl, '43, proposed a "world
federation of states" as a solution 'to
the problem while Elizabeth Hawley,
'44, dwelt upon the theory of a Fed-
eration of Regional Sovereignty. Alan
Brandt, '44, speaking on "Pax Vitor-
um--Peace of the Victors", and a
general floor discussion rounded out
the program.
To determine the sentiment of the
audience, a vote was taken on the
four types of world after the war.

'Teen-Age Draft Status
to Be Clarified Today
IOWA CITY, Iowa, Dec. 16.- (/P)-
An announcement clarifying the Se-
lective- Service, status of 18 and 19-
year-old college students will be is-
suedtat 4 p.m. today in Washington,
Lieut. Col. W. L. Smith, executive
officer of the University -of Iowa
ROTC unit, said today.
He.said a communication from the
War Department had ordered mili-
tary instructors to tell .studlents to
"sit tight" until. tomorrow and .not
become excited over reportsemanat-
ing from draft boards.-The communi-
cation was directed to Col. Homer H.
Slaughter, commanding officer of the
ROTC unit.'
'Tickets, on Sale
for '42 Finale at
union, League
New Year's Eve Dance
to Be Held inmI-M Gym
Tickets for "'42 Finale", Manpow-
er's New Year's Eve Ball, are now on
sale at the League, Union, and Man-
power Corps headquarters at 1009
Angell Hall.
Only campus social event of New
Year's Eve, the "Finale" will be held
at the Intramural Sports Building.
Holiday revelers will dance to Bill
Sawyer's music until 12:30 a.m., while
University oeds will have 1 a.m. priv-
ileges despite the classes they will
attend on New Year's -Day.
For what will be the last civilian
New Year's for many men who will
shortly leave for service, "'42 Finale"
will be carried through "in all the
holiday atmosphere and spirit we can
muster" say Manpower Corps Repre-
sentatives. Favors, horns, confetti,
and all the other traditional New
Year's funmakers will be provided.
Identification cards and $2.20 are
required in order to purchase tickets.
This month's issue of the Gar-
goyle is a complete sellout but
subscribers holding part-payment
subscription stubs can get copies
of the magazine by presenting
them at the Gargoyle offices.

Afri6ka Korps
Flees .Allied
Air Assault
Rommel Retreats under
Savage Attacks; Planes
Batter Tunis Harbor,
Leave Naples Aflame
By The Associated Pres
LONDON, Dec. 15-ield Marshal
Rommel's army in Libya retreated on
to the west today along a harsh and
perilous road while official reports
indicated that there, in Tunisia and
over the Mediterranean generally the
Allied air arm was striking. 'with
sharply growing power.
Allied air attacks, described by
British Headquarters in Cairo as "the
most successful" .yet made, battered
Tunis and its harbor of La Goulette
for four hours and kept Rommel's
columns under almost unending as-
Sault.
Naples also was atti6k Ilast'igh
by heavy RAF bombers which caused
numerous fires among important port
installations, itwas announced in
Cairo tonight. The'- Italian High
Command had said earlier that "doz-
ens of bombs" fell in that vital naval
base and supply depot for North Af-
rica, bUt claimed little damage was
done.
Fom Allied headquarters in Norti
{frica, a spokesman for the Twelfth
U.S. Air Force, which 'ias operated
with the British In powerful, rolling
attacks on Axis troops, harbors and
other' positions, announced that
through Dec. 11 U.S. planes had de-
stroyed 70 "enemy plan and dam-
aged 43 more while losing only 35
definitely with eight more missing.
In La Goulette, at least three en-
einy ships were repotted squarely hit
and set aflame and great fires were
set off on La Goulette Island and
near the main Axis docks at Tunis.
One fire, in a fuel dump, was visible
100 miles away.
Plane Crashes
in Utah Desert;
Pilot Tries to Reach
Emergency Airport,
Fails; Two Survive
By The Associated Press
FAIRFIELD, Utah, Dec. 15.-A
Western Airlines transport plane
crashed in the sagebrush-dotted des-
ert country of central Utah today,
killing 17 of the 19 persons aboard.
The two survivors, seriously in-
jured, lay all night and up until after
noon today in the wrecked plane in
Cedar Valley, four miles south of an
emergency airport at Fairfield and
about 50 miles south of Salt Lake
City.
At a Lehi hospital, the survivors
were identified at A. J. Mallett of
Springfield, Ark., and Lieut. A. F.
Gardner of the U.S. Marine Corps,
whos home was said to be in Alex-
ander, N.Y.
Gardner was one of three military
officers aboard. The other two, Lieu-
tenants T. A. Baldwin and H. E. Mc-
Crae, of the U.S. Army Air Corps,
were killed, along with 11 other pas-
sengers and four crew members. One
Turn to Page 2, Col. 4

ERC Ruling May
End College Sports
"Intercollegiate athletics, along
with the rest of college life,. will be
swept out by the calling of the En-
listed Reserves," was the opinion of
Michigan athletic officials last night.

Dr. Finkelstein
to Talk Today,
The place of religion in a post-war
world will be the general topic of dis-
cussion when Dr. Louis Finkelstein,
president of the Jewish Theological
Seminary of America, speaks at 8
p.m. today in the Rackham Lecture
Hall.
Dr. Finkelstein is representative of
Judaism on a special committee cre-
ated by President Roosevelt to con-
sider religion in a post-war world.
Pope Pius XII as head of the Catho-
lic Church and Dr. George Buttrick,
president of the Federal Council of
Protestant Churches of America are
the other members of the committee.

TO SAVE COPPER:
Mint Office Urges All Pennies
Be Put Back into Circulation

GOODFELLOWS ALL:
Charity Drive Is Successful;
Daily Street Sale Nets $810

While only 27 of 56 organizations
contacted have turned in their pledg-
es to the Goodfellow Drive, this year's
total has already exceeded proceeds
for the past three years, according to
George Sallade. '43. Goodfellow edi-

publications staffs,' fraternity- and
sorority members and honor'society
representatives during the nine hour
campaign in near-zero temperatures.
Money from the drive this year will
beamlocated to the Famil Welarp,.

By IRVING JAFFE
Every government agency seems to
have contributed some suggestion or
other about how civilians can con-,
tribute to the war effort.
The most recent request springs
from the Office of the Director of the
Mint, which has just announced the
urgency of returning to circulation
the many millions of small coins, es-

to convert their penny savings into
war savings stamps, or even into coins
of larger denomination, of which
there.is an ample supply.
Several months 'ago, it was added,
in accordance with an Act of Con-
gress, a change was made in the con-
tent of five cent pieces which elimi-
nated all the nickel from these coins.
While it is expected that pending leg-

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