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December 12, 1942 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-12-12

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W~eather
Not Much Change

VOL. LHI No. 59 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, DEC. 12, 1942

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Allies
Goodfellow
Dailies to Be
Sold Monday
Contributions from
Local Defense Plants
Will Aid in Boosting
Lagging Fund Total
To be climaxed Monday by a gen-
eral campus and city-wide sale .of
special Daily Goodfellow Editions, the
annual Christmas Goodfellow Drive
received an added boost yesterday,
when local defense plants pledged.
their liberal support.
Five Ann Arbor factories contacted
indicated they would contribute, ac-
cording to George Sallade, 43, chair-
man of the charity drive which will
benefit the Family Welfare Bureau,
Goodfellow Fund and the Text-book
Lending Fund.
Posts for sale of the Goodfellow
edition of The Daily will be covered
all day Monday by fraternity men,
Union representatives and Daily re-
porters.
Donations Drop
Iiitial fraternity and sorority
pledges indicated hearty cooperation,
but contributions in the last week
from these organizations have taken
a sharp drop, Sallade said. The full
support of these groups is necessary
if we are to meet our goal of $1,65,
he added.
The Family Welfare Bureau uses
part of the money received from the
drive to give immediate aid to fami-
lies during the Christmas season, but
a large portion of it is put in a spe-
cial fund for use throughout the
year. Money not allocated to the
Bureau will go this year to the Good-
will Fund and the Text-book Lend-
ing Fund.
Worthy Charities
The Goodwill Fund releases money
to Goodwill Industries, an agency
which aids handicapped and aged
people by providing them with work
repairing discarded articles of furni-
ture and clothing for resale. The
Textbook Lending Fund provides
money to students for the purchase
of books that otherwise could rot be
bought. -
The drive was launched for the
first time in 1935 when campus lead-
ers determined to begin an all-cam-
pus charity campaign to aid needy
Ann Arbor families and University
students.
All contributions should be made
out to The Michigan Daily and sent
to the Student Publications before
Monday.
HEROES RETURN:
Solomons Fleet
Flagship Sails
Proudly Home
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 11.- (P)-
The cruiser San Francisco, gallant
flagship of the U.S. Solomons fleet
that ripped a Jap armada, came home
today, grimy and patched and proud.
On her decks stood a corps of he-
roes. On the same decks other heroes
died in the blackness of that early
morning battle of Nov. 13 when the
heavy cruiser raced between two

formidable lines of Jap Men-of-War,
and finished off a pattleship, a cruiser
and a destroyer.
"We'll take the big ones first!"
That was the challenge of Rear Ad-
miral Daniel J. Callaghan.
Thrilling Battle
The cruiser's big guns thundered
in the night. Her shells flashed on
the decks and against the sides of the
enemy flotilla.
"We'll take the big ones first!" The
officers and crew cheered the Admir-
al's challenge. And three minutes
later the Admiral fell dead, and with
him, the San Francisco's master,,
Captain Cassin Young.
The story of that memorable battle
of the Solomons in which our navy
turned back a desperate Jap thrust
at reinforcement of enemy outposts
in the islands, had been told before,
but today the brave young men who
fought the gallant ship came to their
home port and a heroes' welcome.
Few Greet Ship
There were mighty few on hand,
however, to welcome the San Fran-
nicr ar h dinnedo nt nf thed 1nnm

Hurl

Back

Nazi

Thrust

In

Tunisia

,=.

Manpower Delegates
Hold First Conference
Representatives from Four Big Ten Schools
Confer on Mobilization of Student Workers

ScrapgPile of Battered Hulks Fills Bengasi Harbor

Axis Jabs
Repulsed
by Planes

Enthusiastic delegates from four
Big Ten schools held their first meet-
ing of the Manpower Conference hereI
yesterday and started plans to extend
greater mobilization of student work-<
ers throughout the Western Confer-i
ence.l
"The 12 delegates are really work-
ing at this conference," Manpower7
executive Bob Johnson said last night,c
"and we are exchanging a lot.of ideasc
that will build up Corps throughout
the Midwest and set up an intercol-E
legiate coordinating body."c
At the opening meeting yesterday,
Clark Tibbitts, director of the Uni-
versity War Board, told representa-
tives from Purdue, Illinois, North-
western and Ohio State, how theE
Manpower Mobilization Corps had
been entirely initiated by students,1
and how the development of leader-
Hitler Furthers
Nazi Control
over Reich,
Move Made to Halt
Internal Uprisings
By ERNEST AGNEW
Associated Press Correspondent,
LONDON, Dec. 11.- Adolf Hitler
carried the policy of Nazi party domi-
nation over Germany a stride forward
today following the shakeup of the
high command which has made ge-
stapo-trained General Kurt Zeitzler
the chief of the general staff.
A decree broadcast from Berlin by
DNB said Gauleiters, heretofore sim-
ply district party leaders, henceforth
would have the authority of district
defense commissioners. As such they
are responsible to no one except Hit-
ler and Heinrich Himmler, chief of
the gestapo.
London sources drew these conclu-
sions from the decree, the shakeup
in the high command and related
moves:
1. Hitler is giving more and more
power to those he can trust as a pos-
sible preventive against an internal'
uprising and a repetition of the 1918
collapse.
2. The fuehrer is committing him-
self more and more to a defensive
policy.
3. He is throwing down another'
challenge to the German Junkers.
The Daily Mail also reported an-
other change in the German high
command coincident with the shake-
up which made Zeitzler, a fervent
Nazi but little-known soldier, chief
of the army general staff; Admiral
Fricke, another man without an ad-
vance build-up, Chief of Admiral
Erich Raeder's navy general staff,
and Col.-Gen. Hans Jeschonnek, who
had escaped the general notice of
London observers, as chief of the air
force general staff.
Be A Goodfelow
FDR Pleads Case
of U.S. Employes
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. - (A) -
President Roosevelt, declaring the
federal government is the largest sin-
gle employer in the nation but has
permitted grossly unfair employment
conditions to develop, asked Congress
today to provide that all government
employes may receive extra pay for
working time beyond 40 hours a week.
If Congress is unable to act "within
the next few days," Mr. Roosevelt
suggested in a letter to Vice-Presi-
dent Wallace and Speaker Rayburn
that it empower him to deal with
the problem himself for the duration
of the war or until Congress provides
otherwise.

ship qualities by organizing the Corps
would be a great contribution to the
post-war world.
Mary Borman listed the purposes
and functions of the Corps, described
its organization, and outlined the
reasons for the conference, naming
as its immediate purpose "the estab-
lishment of a Big Ten body to co-
ordinate Manpower activities, and ex-
change ideas and solutions to prob-
lems. Eventually we hope to have ev-
ery school in the country a member
of this intercollegiate organization."
The whole trend toward organiza-
tion of the University of Michigan
campus since the beginning of the
war was described by Robert Matth-
ews, head of the Student War Board,
who explained the establishment of
the war board and its activities here.
At the first panel, organizational
difficulties at the different schools
were discussed. The set-up here was
explained, and delegates described the
work that had been done on their own
campuses, contributing ideas and so-
lutions and offering problems which
had been hard to solve.
The delegates from Purdue are
Ralph Duster, Dick Sleeper, and Dor-
othy Cornthwaite; from Illinois, John
Harmon and Pat Brown; from North-
western, Shelley Sosna; and from
Ohio State, Norwin Brovitz, Bill
Cruickshank, and Barbara Waide.
More panels and a final meeting
will be held today.
NAZI LOSSES:
Reds Destroy
60 More Big
Axis Planes
MOSCOW, Dec. 12. (Saturday)-
(,)-The Russians have destroyed 60
iiore big Axis transport planes in
the Stalingrad area, making a total
of 133 id four days, and the Red
Army has "occupied heights of con-
siderabletactical importance" in the
area of Velikie Luki on the frozen
Central Front, the Soviets announced
early today.
The midnight communique said the
Russians destroyed 36 Nazi tanks and
killed more than 1,000 Germans dur-
ing yesterday's operations which were
marked with repeated German coun-
terattacks on both fronts and Russian
consolidation of positions wrested
from the enemy.
Aside from the "violent engage-
ments" near Velikie Luki which r-
sulted in the capture of important
hilltops, the Russian bulletin did not
mention any changes in the general
situation.
Fighting a steady war of attrition
amid snow storms after the early
momentum of their twin offensives
had slackened, the Russians appeared
to be trying to encircle and reduce
the two German strongholds of Veli-
kie Luki and Rzhev on the Central
Front northwest of Moscow. Seg-
ments of the railroad highway be-
tween the two points were reported
to have been recaptured by the Rus-
sians weeks ago.
But the Germans still were coun-
terattacking in most sectors. The
communique said several Nazisefforts
were beaten down yesterday near
Rzhev where the Germans lost 21
tanks and several hundred men. The
enemy also lost heavily in numerous
charges across the snow near Velikie
Luki, it was said.
Those boys who picked beets on
the Saturday afternoon of the
Minnesota game can drop by the
Manpower office to pick up their
money.

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Reduced to junk by Allied aerial bombs, these twisted, battered hulks filled the harbor at Bengasi, Libya,
when the British entered the port in pursuit of the retreating Nazis. This is an official British photo.

DID WE SAY SIX TONS...? '
Two 86 Ton Boilers to Be Sent
to Long Island Defense Arsenal

It's all a mistake!
They're 86 tons and not six tons.
And what's more, there are two eight-
ton stokers attached.
No, it's not a gag, but it's the
straight dope on the steam boilers the
Manpower Corps has been stripping
of bricks.
They have not been fed iron cap-
sules to make them grow. They always
were 86-tons and their home is the
University powerhouse.
E. C. Pardon, head of the Buildings
and Grounds Department cleared this
up for us last night. Here is the story.
These boilers have proved inade-
quate for University use for quite
some time, and B. & G. men thought
they could do some good in the war
effort. A conversation with the Man-
power Corps to get the workers and
a communique from the War Pro-
duction Board set the ball rolling.
An arsenal in Long Island can use
these two affairs if they can stand
the right pressure. WPB officials
asked Pardon to make them ready for
testing, and from this has sprung
all the receint activity.
Volunteer student salvagers have
for the past three days helped Build-
ings and Grounds men strip the brick
linings from these two metal giants

which stand 50 feet high and are 12
feet around.
The stripping was completed yes-
terday morning, and the WPB men.
were here yesterday afternoon and
began testing. Each boiler must with-
stand 220 pounds of pressure to be
used.
The pressure was built up in them
last night, and if they hold up till
noon today, the green light will be
flashed to really begin work on dis-
mantling them.N
The dismantling process has to be
accomplished through the use ofe
acetylene torches, and experienced1
operators are scarce.1
Be A GoodfellowC
Axis itters'
Are Reported
British 'Swan Patrols'
Pierce Enemy Lines
CAIRO, Dec. 11.- (A)- BritishE
"Swan Patrols" feeling out the
strength of Marshal Erwin Rommel's
powerful fortifications at El Agheila
in Libya have come back with the
diagnosis that a "state of nervous-
ness" exists among the Axis troops
there.
This state of nerves was marked,
they said, by shooting at nothing at
night, sending up flares without much
reason and various other jittery ac-
tivities which indicate the enemy feels
none too happy in his position.
Swan Patrols, or Swan Columns as
the soldiers call them, are the British
adaptation to a new type of country
in which the fighting is now going on.
These columns, rather large as pa-
trols go, include tanks, armored cars,
trucks filled with infantry and even
some artillery especially equipped for
crossing more solid stretches of the
salt marshes which provide much of
El Agheila's natural defensive
strength.
The various elements of a patrol
fan out like swans on a lake, but can
come together quickly if the exigen-
cies of operation require it. They have
penetrated into various parts of the
enemy's outer establishment lately
and have fought several sharp en-
gagements.

Jas Repulsed
in New Guinea
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, Dec. 12. (Saturday)-
()-Repulse of Japanese counterat-
tacks at Sanananda, between Gona
and Buna on the northeast New
Guinea coast, was announced by the
High Command today.
"South of Sanananda, the enemy
repeatedy 'counterattacked but was
bloodily repulsed," the noon com-
munique from Gen. Douglas MacAr-
thur reported regarding the show-
down battle for control of all north-
eastern New Guinea.
In the Buna area, anti-aircraft and
machine-gun positions of the trapped
Japs were silenced by Allied artillery
and mortar fire.
In the final stages of the battle
which resulted in the Allied conquest
of Gona, 12 miles up the coast from
Buna, at least 440 Japs were slain,
with other dead yet to be counted.
Sixteen were taken prisoner.
The failure of the Japs to break out
of entrapment was the second such
reported in as many days. Yester-
day's communique told of the re-
pelling of counterattacks in the Buna
sector.
Jap planes dropped supplies to
their beleaguered ground troops.
--- Be A Goodfellow
Congress Decides to Quit
for Remainder of Year
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11.- (P)-
Congressional leaders decided toda3

Roosevelt Saysw
b
Axis Has Lost ,l
in
War Initiative $
I
U.S. Troops Overseas t
Will Total More Than
p
Million Very Shortly t
fi
By RIChARD L. TURNER N
Associated Press Correspondent a
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11.- Presi-
dent Roosevelt said today that the i:
Axis has lost the initiative on a global s
scale "temporarily at least," and re- s
vealed that American troops overseas e
will total more than a million by the t
end of this month. s
At the same time he reported that
lend-lease assistance to America's al- t
lies aggregated $2,367,000,000 in the s
quarter which ended on Nov. 30. The o
figure was almost a third greater than t
that for the preceding quarter, he "
said, and represented an annual rate
of $10,000,000,000 or about 15 per cent e
of the nation's over-all war expendi- i
tures, t
Mr. Roosevelt informed Congress h
of these developments in his seventh t
quarterly report on lend-lease pro- t
gress, a document which placed heavy n
emphasis upon the interdependence
of all the United Nations, a necessity h
for a "single world strategy," and r
joint operations both in the war zonesh
and in the field of production. v
In addition, discussing a tremen-
dous program for rehabiltating "lib-
erated areas" as Allied forces of occu-
pation' move into continental Europe,
he disclosed that these activities also
are to be. put ,on a lend-lease basis.
Great Britain and the United King-
dom will participate, he said, and the
cooperation of all the United Nations
is necessary, too.
The President held out the Egyp-
tian campaign as a demonstration of
what united action can do. British
troops, planes and ships did most ofc
the fighting, he said, while Americas
made its big contribution in transpor-1
tation and supplies.1
Be A Goodfeiow -
Russian Bazaar
1o e Today
Money to Buy Medical
Supplies for Soviets
Supplies for our besieged Russian1
Allies will be bought from the pro-j
ceeds of the Russian Bazaar this af-
ternoon and evening.
The money will be used to purchase
medical supplies, clothing and woolen
goods for the Soviets.
Among the many attractions at the
Bazaar will be valuable antiques, Rus-
sian cigarettes and Christmas cards.
The Volga Russian Dancers of De-
troit, under the direction of Madame
Lillian Federoff, will perform peasant
dances. Mrs. Otto Graf will sing
Russian and Ukrainian songs.
Scrolls distributed by the national

Medjez El Bab and
Tebourba Threatened
by 'T'win Offensives;
Air Force Is Praised
By LEWIS HAWKINS
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Dec. 11.-Newly-arrived
ghter planes, hitting in perfect co-
rdination with Allied ground troops,
layed a big part yesterday in stop-
ing and hurling back twin Axis
rmored columns that struck at the
.llied Tunisian base of Medjez Hl
ab, 35 miles southwest of Tunis.
One of the Axis columns lashing
ut in a threatening flanking move-
nent to the main Allied forces be-
ore Tebourba was struck by a sharp
llied counterattack and driven back
with the loss of a number of tanks,
report from Allied headquarters re-
orted.
Within Two Thousand Yards
The second Nazi column, approach-
ng from the east, was permitted
within 2,000 yards of Medjez El Bab
efore it came under a concerted
lasting from Allied tanks, artillery,
nfantry and aircraft and ' was sent
eeling from the field, leaving a "sub-
tantial number" of its tanks behind.
[n both clashes Allied tank losses
were said to have been "much lower"
;han those of the enemy.
An Allied spokesman was lavish in
raise of the aerial support giving
she defending forces, saying that
ighter planes swooped to attack the
vazis quickly after the battle began
nd "strafed the enemy like hell."
Both U.S. fighting planes and Brit-
sh Spitfires participated in the as-
ault on the retreating Germans, he
aid, while American forces in Gen-
ral Grant tanks "distinguishe.
hemselves."
till Hold Ground
After repulsing the twin attacks
he Allies were said to be still in po-
session of high ground northeast
f Medjez El Bab, and the result of
he day's fighting was described as
encouraging."
The Allied spokesman acknowledg-
ed that American and British forces
n recent days had withdrawn from
he crescent-shaped line which they
had held between Tebourba and Ma-
eur and said that their line between
those two strategic points now was
nearly straight.
It had been forecast from the start,
he said, that the first Allied line,
roughly paralleling the rail line and
highway between the two cities,
would be difficult to hold.

CHINA RESISTS:
Japs Launch
Of fensive with
Burma Troops
CHUNGKING, Dec. 11,-(P)-Vet-
eran Japanese troops, with fresh re-
serves from Burma, are stabbing re-
peatedly at the far-flung Chinese
lines defending the mountainous
heart of Yunnan Province from inva-
sion, the high command reported to-
night.
About 6,000 Japanese, striking in
three columns, began offensive opera-
tions Dec. 6 against Chinese forces in
wiestern Yunnan in the area north of
Tengyueh and weSt of the Salween
River's upper- gorge, a communique
said.
The report did not specify whether
the fighting, heavy the first two days
and still continuing, was the start of
the large-scale enemy drive that an
army spokesman here had forecast
would be made with Kunming, Yun-
nan's capital, as its ultimate objec-
tive.
Lines Hold
Resisting fiercely, lightly - armed
Chinese infantrymen were said to
have held their lines in the face of
repeated Japanese assaults.
The old Burma Road to Junming
runs south of the Tengyueh area,
where hostilities have resumed, but a
Japanese advance across the Salween
there would constitute an out-flank-

,,I

IT'S THEIR TURN NOW:
First Lady Says College Girls
Should Specialize or Go to Work

t
1
v

Ensian Picture Deadline
Will Not Be Changed
"It's sabotage, fifth-column work
and subversive activity!" groan En-
sian editors as rumors go round that
the January 1 deadline for senior pic-
tures will be shoved ahead.
"It can't be changed," the editors
say firmly, for all pictures must be
classified, according to school, class
and alphabet, then mounted and
made ready for engraving early in

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Dec. 11.-
(AP)- Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt ex-
pressed the belief today that girls had
"better get out of college and go to
wonlr unle their cn11ge training is

The interview was during a busy
round of appearances which began
in nearby Boston with a speech be-
fore the Massachusetts Committee on
Russian War Relief and culminated

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