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December 10, 1942 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-12-10

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Huge Ne
Great Battle
for Tunisia
Tanks, Guns, Planes,
Men Rushed to Front;
Allied Patrols Stab at
Germans near Bizerte
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Dec. 9.-Allied and Ger-
man patrols fought brief but bitter
battles in bad weather today along
the Axis horseshoe defending Bizerte
while the British and Americans
rushed tanks, guns, planes and men
to the front for the impending great
battle for Tunisia.
A dispatch by Wes Gallagher, Asso-
ciated Press correspondent at the
Allied force headquarters in North
Africa, said the weather was restrict-
ing land and air action but that the
British and American patrols were
stabbing repeatedly at the German
defenses before Bizerte.
20 German Tanks Destroyed
iField reports from North Africa
showed that last Sunday 20 German
tanks were destroyed when the Nazis
struck British and American posi-
tions on a hill southwest of Tebourba.
In that action the Germans wedged
into the Allied line but were forced
to withdraw when the Americans and
British hurled more tanks and guns
against them. The Nazi tanks were
flaming wrecks.
The Germans and Italians in Tu-
nisia are not on speaking terms now
in some places, and n some instances
refuse to be photographed together,
an Allied headquarters spokesman
declared. He merely passed the in-
telligence along, saying that "we
don't know how much it means.-..-
Planes Constantly Arriving
Reuters reported from North Africa
that fresh units of . American and
British planes are constantly arriv-
ing at the Tunisian front to give sup-
part to the ground forces.
Increased flights of U.S. and Brit-
ish planes over enemy lines suggested
that Lieut.-Gen. Dwight Eisenhower
had solved in part the problem of
providing airfields in the rugged hills
and deep ravines of the French pro-
The attrition to both sides in tank
battles south of Tebourba, a key
junction 20 miles west of Tunis, like-
wise contributed to the subsiding of
fighting to patrol operations and ar-
tillery exchanges.
Be A Goodfelow
1540 French
Reach Ethiopia
Men Pledge Loyalty
to Former Leader
LONDON, Dec. 9. ()- Forty
officers and 1,500 men from the
French garrison of 6,000 at Jibuti,
French Somaliland, have reached
Diredawa, Ethiopia, and pledged loy-
alty to a former commander now
with the Fighting French, it was re-
ported today.
On arrival in Diredawa a Colonel
Roinal, leader of the party, sent a
message of loyalty to General Paul
Le Gentilhomme, a former governor
of Jibuti who is now Fighting French
Commissioner in Madagascar,
Recent reports from Vichy said
that par of the garrison of French

Somaliland, the last part of the
colonial empire remaining nominally
under Vichy control, had left the col-
Meanwhile, a Reuters dispatch
from Rabat, French Morocco, quoted
Pierre Boisson, Governor-General of
French West Africa, as saying that
"Dakar and the rest of French Africa
intend to intervene against Germany
with their full strength as soon as we
have received materials and equip-
ment from America."
Be A Goodfellow
British Fighters Intercept
German Transport Planes
CAIRO, Dec. 9.- (AP)- Long-range

w Year's Eve Dance Is Announced

Allied Chief

.Russians Down German Planes
Ferrying Supplies to Stalingrad
Airmen Destroy 68 Transports; Red Army Kills
6,000 Nazi Troops in Central Front Struggle

Gen. Dwight Eisenhower, dynam-
ic U.S. second front commander,
will lead the coming push in Tuni-
sia.He is now rebuilding and pre-
paring his forces to shove the Nazis
from Africa.
U.S. Air Force
Cripples Jap
Invasion Fleet
Enemy Ship Is Sunk,
Others Are Damaged
in Guadalcanal Battle
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9.- Ameri-
can dive bombers,.torpedo planes and
fighters have crippled -a small Japa-
nese invasion fleet heading for Guad-
alcanal, sinking one enemy warship,
setting afire three others and shoot-
ing down 10 fighter planes, the Navy
disclosed today.
Flying out from Henderson Air
Field, the air striking force hit the
enemy with big bombs and torpedoes
last Thursday in the narrow waters
between Santa Isabel and New Geor-
gia Islands, 150 miles northwest of
Guadalcanal in the Solomons.
Flames Flare
When they left, giant flames were
flaring from three of the 10 vessels
in the enemy fleet and another-its
type unidentified-was sinking.
Two cruisers, the Navy said, were
hit by thousand pound bombs, while
a third warship, either a destroyer or
a cruiser, was hit by two aerial tor-
pedoes. The fourth ship, described as
either a second destroyer or another
cruiser, probably was struck by two
more torpedoes.
Sharp aerial fighting accompanied
the attack on the surface craft, which
presumably carried reinforcements
and supplies for the Japanese on
Japs Counterattack
Meanwhile in New Guinea despite
an intense Japanese counterattack,
American troops today held fast to
the salient they had driven to the
beach between Buna village and Buna
In the first counterattack against
this beachhead to be mentioned offi-
cially, the enemy opened a drive at
dawn yesterday from both the village
and the mission. The Japanese were
supported by heavy machine-gun and
mortar fire.
But the United States soldiers stub-
bornly stood their ground. When the
battle subsided at least 30 to 40 Japa-
nese were dead on the battlefield.
American losses were not stated.

Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, Dec. 10. (Thursday)-
Russian airmen in two days have de-
stroyed 68 transport planes trying to
ferry supplies to German troops in
the Stalingrad sector, and the Red
Army fighting near Velikie Luki has
killed more than 6,000 troops of the
246th Nazi Infantry Division in an
exhausting struggle on the frozen
Central Front, it was announced early
today. '
No New Gains Claimed
The midnight Soviet communique
did not claim any important gains
for Russian arms during yesterday's
fighting which was marked with con-
tinuing German counterattacks and
methodical Russian consolidation of
hard-won gains on both fronts.
Another inhabited locality was cap-
tured however in the Velikie Luki sec-
tor, the bulletin said, and one battery
of 105 mm. guns and two tanks were
taken in the effort to annihilate the
remainder of the 246th Nazi division.
Approximately 900 Germans were
killed in offensive operations north-
west and southwest of Stalingrad, the
communique said, and inside the
Senate Debates
Mail Censorship
Van Nuys Calls Action
Illegal; Inquiry to End
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9.-(P)-The
Senate Judiciary Committee ques-
tioned Censorship Director Byron
Price for three hours today, and af-
terward Chairman Van Nuys (Dem.-
Ind.) declared "wholly illegal" the
censoring of mail between the United
States and its outlying territories.
Price testified in a closed hearing.
He told reporters he had no doubt
that the first War Powers Act gave
the administration authority to pro-
vide for the security of communica-
tions. He felt, rc said, that censor-
ship of commrnications with posses-
sions and territories was necessary
because they passed through areas
where they were susceptible of enemy
As to the legal authority, Price re-
ferred the Committee to the Depart-
ment of Justice. Senator Van Nuys
said he would summon a justice offi-
cial to testify next Monday, along
with heads of the Military, Naval and
FBI Intelligence Services.
Pending completion of hearings,
Van Nuys termed the censorship
"wholly illegal" and said he would
"hesitate a long time" before voting
for a pending bill legalizing it.
Be A Goodfellow
Senior Class Petitions
Will Be Available Today
Petitions for senior class officers in
the literary college may be obtained
from 3 to 5 p.m. today and tomorrow
in the Student Offices of the Union,
the Men's Judiciary Council an-
nounced last night.
Yesterday's scheduled election was
postponed till next Tuesday because
an insufficient number of petitions
were submitted.

northern factory district of the Volga
River City the Russians destroyed 13
Nazi emplacements and wiped out
about one infantry company.
A resumption of fighting in the
Nachik sector of the Caucasus was
reported, but these battles were only
of local significance. The Russians
said they killed 300 Germans and
destroyed 12 tanks, eight machine-
gun nests and three mortar batteries.
Be A Goodfellow
RAF Raid on
Northern Italy
is Reported
High Command Admits
Heavy Damage at Turin
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 9.- Air raid sirens
wailing tonight in Switzerland indi-
cated that the RAF, relentlessly pur-
suing Britain's determination to bomb
Italy out of the war, was crossing the
Alps for another- raid on northern
Italy following up last night's de-
structive attack on Turin.
The Swiss radio reported that raid
alarms were sounded in Basel and
Zurich at 9 p.m.
Last night the biggest bombers of
the RAF heaped destruction and a
solid mass of fire on Turin with
"many" 4-ton and 2-ton block-bust-
ers and thousandsv of . incendiary
The Italian High Command ac-
knowledged the devastation in these
words today:
"Enemy planes carried out a vio-
lent -raid last night over Turin, caus-
ing very heavy damage, especially to
buildings in the central area, includ-
ing a university and a hospital."
The Italians reported one plane was
shot down and crashed in the center
of the city, killing seven of its crew.
The British reported one plane was
Visibility was so good that the
shells of buildings wrecked in pre-
vious raids stood out clearly.
-Be A Goodellow -
'P-B el' License
Is Refused Again,
Stapp Still Hopeful
Despite a second refusal by the
state liquor control commission in
Lansing yesterday to remove the beer
license suspension it has imposed on
the Pretzel Bell, local student hang-
out, Philip ┬░Stapp, manager of the
tavern last night expressed confi-
dence that the suspension will be
"Just when it will be lifted I don't
know," Stapp explained, "I protested
the commission's unfairness in con-
tinuing the suspension so long when
in the past other taverns in Ann Ar-
bor lost their licenses for only two or
three days on charges of selling beer
to minors."
Ralph Thomas, chairman of the
commission, yesterday told Stapp the
commission was "not yet ready to lift
the suspension," but promised to dis-
close in two or three days how long
the penalty will remain in effect.

Is Ia.m.
Celebration Planned
by Manpower Corps;
to Receive Proceeds
"What to do on New Year's Eve"
problems were finally solved for
grumbling University students yester-
day when the Manpower Corps began
preparations for a huge informal
Bomber-Scholarship dance guaran-
teed to make everybody forget "the
good time we might have had at
At the same time the long debated
question of women's hours for New
Year's Eve was settled with the an-
nouncement that a 1 a.m. curfew had
been set for all women students.
Only social affair of the evening,
the informal dance will be held from
9:30 p.m. to 12:30 a.m. in the Sports
Building; and will inaugurate a Man-
power Corps bond and stamp drive.
Bill Sawyer's orchestra will play,
and noisemakers will be provided for
what a Corps spokesman called "a
big celebration. that is right in line
with the war effort."
"All proceeds from the dance will
go to the Bomber-Scholarship fund,
and war corsages will be sold in the
Sports Building to open our war
stamp drive."
The dance is strictly a student cele-
bration, and student identification
cards will be required of all couples
at the .dance, according to co-chair-
men Hack Kellnar and Richard Dick.
Tickets will cost $2.00 and will go
on sale at the Union, the League and
Manpower headquarters in Room
1009 Angell Hall some time next week.

panel and discussion group, so that t
Ineli gibilities
Halt Election
Candidates Failing to
Secure Cards Must
hand Them in Today
Results of yesterday's race for posts
on the Victory Ball committee can-'
not be announced today because it
has been discovered that certain of
the candidates had failed to secure
eligibility cards, the Men's Judiciary
Council said late last night.
All candidates who have not done
so must secure eligibility cards at
the Dean of Students' office, Room 4,
University Hall and turn them in at
the Union student offices between
3-5 p.m. today, the Council announce-
ment stated.
If the candidates do not turn in
their cards today, they will be auto-
matically disqualified from the race,
the statement said. Candidates who
are found to be ineligible lose their
positions to the rivals having the next
largest vote totals.

the persons best acquainted with each
rtype of problem -can furnish first
hand information on the difficulties
and solutions to the task of bringing
willing students together with the
jobs that must be done.
Bob Johnson, Manpower executive
in charge of the conference, said that
the meeting had three purposes-
"an exchange of ideas, an attempt to

Representatives Will
Meet Here Tomorrow
Two-Day Parley to Attempt. Formation
of Corps on Other College Campuses
Michigan's Manpower Corps, already highly commended by Paul -V.
McNutt for its contribution towards solving the manpower problem, will
help other midwestern schools set up similar organizations by holding a
conference of representatives from Big Ten schools and Michigan State here
tomorrow and Saturday.
Result of three weeks of negotiations by Corps executives to interest
other schools in a discussion of mobilization of student manpower, the con-
ference will consist of a series of panels, dinners and talks designed to aid
in the organization of every Big Ten campus for more efficient war work.
A member of the Manpower Corps executive board will preside over each

Armed Merchantman Bravely
Fights Enemy Surface Raiders

Associated Press Correspondent1
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9.- Fightingt
to the finish and going down with
her colors flying proudly, a little
American merchantman took one
enemy surface raider to the bottom
with her and left a second badly
damaged in the south Atlantic, the
Navy disclosed today.-
It was the first reported instance
of an armed merchantman sinking a;
surface craft of prey.1
Battered from stem to stern, her
deck structures a shambles, her en-
gines and steering apparatus crip-
Axis Continues
Terror Reign
Execute 49; Strike
at French City of Lyon
LONDON, Dec. 9.- (A)- Forty-
nine more persons have been executed
and 500 rounded up in the campaign
of German and Axis terror striking
again in Europe and for the first time
in the formerly unoccupied zone of
France, London and continental re-
ports said tonight.
In addition, six Polish students
were reported sentenced to death in
Paris for fomenting communism.
Reports from Bern said that 400
dealers and customers of a black mar-
ket in food were arrested at Zagreb
by Croatian police during the last
The Germans dealt out their first
stern measure of hostage reprisal in
the remainder of France which they
occupied Nov. 11 by rounding up 100
men and women at Lyon and holding
them for execution for an attack on
German soldiers, the Fighting French
"On Nov. 29," the Fighting French

pled, she traded shell for shell with
the raiders for a furious twenty min-
As she slipped under stern-first,
the smaller-but more heavily armed+
-of the raiders was a mass of flames
with survivors clambering over the+
sides to be picked up by the larger
and badly damaged raider.
Only ten of the 41 members of the
merchantman's crew and five men
of a Navy gun crew survived the late
September- battle and the 31 days in
an open boat before survivors reached'
the south Atlantic coast.
Heroes Save Injured Comrades
Half a dozen or more men earned
names as heroes in the 20 blazing
minutes of the clash, ignoring their
own wounds to carry on the fire
against the enemy or to aid more
severely injured comrades.
Another, Chief Mate Richard Mocz-
kowski, Richmond, Calif., also miss-
ing, propped himself in a passageway
adjacent to the wheelhouse to relay
from Capt. Paul Buck, Merrimack
Port, Mass., orders which kept the
little merchantman maneuvering to
present the smallest possible target
area to the enemy and at the same
time to keep the vessel's guns on the
Given first aid, Moczkowski, heed-
less of his severe chest wounds, insist-
Turn to Page 4, Col. 2
Be A Goodfellow
Volunteer Officer
Candidate Program
Stays Unchanged
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9.-(')-The
order suspending voluntary enlist-
ment in the armed forces will not
interrupt the Army's Volunteer Offi-
cer Candidate Program, the War De-
partment announced today, but no
man who has passed his 38th birth-
day will be accepted.
Those over 38 who had been or-
dered by Dec. 5 to report for induction

As the Manpower Corps moved
to help.other Big Ten schools set
up organizations for the harnessing
of student workers, it received the
following letter of commendation
from Paul V. McNutt, War Man-
power Head.
My Dear Mr. Borman.
Thank you for sending me under
date of Nov. 20 a copy of the orga-
nizational program of the Man-
power Mobilization Corps of the
University of Michigan. The activi-
ties which your corps is carrying
on are very useful and the assis-
tance they render to the manpower
problem is very genuine. I com-
mend what seems to be a very fine
scheme of organization and also
the effectiveness of the work you
have done as revealed by the report
of your activities. I hope that other
colleges may be stimulated by your
fine example.
If there is anything which the
War Manpower Commission can d
to aid you in your effort, please let
us know.
Very sincerely,
Paul V.'McNutt
spread manpower mobilization by
setting up organizations on each
campus, and the establishment of an
intercollegiate body to aid in coordi-
nating and furthering the student
war effort."
Clark Tibbets, director of the Uni-
versityMWar Board and Manpower
head Mary Borman will greet the
delegates at the opening meeting on
Friday, define the purposes of the
conference, and explain the functions
of the corps here.
After an informal hour in which
the representatives can become ac-
quainted with each other, the dele-
gates will meet for the first panel, at
which methods of organization will be
Banquet to End Procedure
A banquet will finish the formal
procedure for Friday.
Saturday, three panels will be held,
the first of which will discuss the al-
location of student labor among lo-
cal defense plants, hospitals, CDVO,
scrap and salvage drives, work in res-
taurants and dorms, the postoffice,
the telephone company and the gen-
eral distribution of workers in local
war jobs.
A second panel will be deoted to
a discussion of farm work, the meth-
ods of getting assignments and carry-
ing them out, and the diversion of
student workers to the war activities
when the farm season is over.
Be A Goodfellow
Wickard Will Ask
for Materials Pool
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9.- ()-
Secretary of Agriculture Wickard, the
nation's new war food boss, will ask
the War Production Board for a large
pool of strategic materials to expand
food dehydration facilities.
Aides of the Secretary said tonight
that future requirements. for dried
foods of the United Nations' fighting
forces would exceed by far the pres-
ent productive capacity, and conse-
quently many new plants would have
to be built.
Wickard may also recommend that
materials be made available for ex-

CD VO Praises Campus War Effort

Coordinated activities of University
men and women students under the
direction of Mrs. Morse D. Campbell
of the local Civilian Defense Volun-
teer office were lauded yesterday by
officials of the Washtenaw county
civilian defense organization.
In a report on the work done by
students under the student Manpower
Corps and the Women's War Council
more than 1,500 men volunteers are
listed while it is shown that 1,777

eral projects among which are listed
farm labor, scrap salvage, hospital
assistance, fuel registration, and var-
ious other civilian defense jobs.
Coed volunteers recruited by the
Women's War Council have also con-
tributed a large variety of war ser-
vices. More than 105 women partici-
pated in Freshman Project, enter-
taining at Cassedy Lake Camp, about
300 coeds are doing volunteer hos-
pital work, more than 100 worked on

Allied Relief Fund in which $128 was
The Manpower Corps has arranged
classes for men students in air raid
precautions, fire warden duties, in-
struction on various explosives and
other phases of civilian defense.
Classes for women students include
nurse's aide, first aid, home nursing,
nutrition, motor mechanics, braille,
typing and shorthand.
All students registered either with

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