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December 04, 1942 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-12-04

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t ~r .: .-

Z4' 3ir J tat
Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Publised every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
REPRQ96NTED FlOR NATIONAL. ADVERTisaIG SY
National Advertising Serviue, Inc.
Colle P isb&hersRepresentative
480 MADISONAVE. NXW YORK. N.Y.
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Editori Sta f

"YOU AND YOUR DUMBKOPF INTUITION'"
4 ~-

Homer Swander
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Will Sapp
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Charles Thatcher.
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Barbara de ries
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Edward J. Perlberg
Fred .M. Ginsberg
Mary Lou Curran
Jsiie Lindberg .
James Daniels

Managing Editor
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Associate Editor
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S. Sports Editor
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4" . Associate Sports Editor

4
1

Busine$ssStaff
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Telephone 23-24-1
NIGHT EDITOR: MARK LIPPER
Editorials published in The Mihigan Daily . .c
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. . -. , 1942 Chicago Times Inc.

SURVEY OF A SURVEY:
What* US.
By JOHN ERLEWINE incomes
THOUGHTS and opinions which for whic
currently crowd the minds of students
the youth of America concerning countryv
war, peace and social problems in rich peo
general are brought to a sharp diction v
focus in the nationwide survey of vey in th
high schools published in the No- "This
vember issue of Fortune Magazine. put spiri
above n-
Certain liberal trends, flash- notesmr
backs of conservatism, and evidene- not scor
es of idealistic cloud-walking char- hao
acterize the reactions of the stu- doeno
dents. But however else they might from soc
affect one, the results leave a defi-
nite impression that the new gen- Castint
eration- 10,000,000 strong- are ject ist
much more liberal and progressive that afte
than their parents. should m
The survey registers the opinions who wan
of high school students of all classes parent\
and in all parts of the country con- incomes
cerning things beyond their imme- propsed
diate environment and interests, lowing
The range of information and in-loiet
telligence of the students is widely ue.
varied; allowing a fairly complete As IS t
cross-sectional view. iond
MODERN education received an the ben4
unexpected blow as a result of Forty-ni
the survey. Said the experts, "It mistakes,
seems just possible that if high
school students could write their of good a
own tickets for curricula they port the
would reach graduation better pre- view is h
pared to become citizens and voters sAlthoug
than they are now." some go
gone too
Questions asked concern three watched.
general topics: 1. American govern- unions si
ment and democratic ideals; 2. so- more poN
cial problems; 3. war and peace. number f
Answers were clear cut, and stu- abolished
dents appeared to have definite to make
opinions. opinionse
Young people may be divided in are least
their opinions but they are sure of union.
what they want. This is in contrast This s
to the many "I don't know" re- is appa
sponses so prevalent in adult sur- idealistic
veys. swers stu
Throughout the entire survey, ion that
students demonstrated their devo- given less
tion to idealism. Response to the after the
question concerning the American more. (T
form of government shows this to the re
clearly. The majority favor retain- in Congr
ing our governmental organization dents ar
as it is today without any impor- general p
tant changes, a reaction to be ex- bor but d
pected in a country in which we ies.
are so proud of our democratic The su:
precedents and heritages, that rac
However, a very strong minority great am
were of the opinion that our gov- cept con
ermnent should be revised to meet riage.
the demands of modern society. To Most w
calm reactionary qualms as to the side with
intent of this minority, the survey except in
quiekly adds, "But, as will present- ing is sti
ly become evident, youth is mostly sciousnes
libertarian and perfectionist, not evident i
even mildly revolutionist." as thes
N ATTEMPTING to register the America.
specific criticisms which the
students.have of the present gov-
ernment and administration, the SAM
survey appears to break down. Stu-9
dents were most critical of. "Strikes,
labor unions, labor leaders, etc." Jj
Second were "Politics, graft, waste,
New Deal, etc." When grouped in ___
this manner the good and the bad
are undifferentiated and to criticize NEW Y
the bad it is necessary to condemn hard. The
the good. This was hardly a good the place'
or fair procedure. The mayo

do not constitute the goal
h youth strives. Yet, the
generally felt that the
would be worse off without
ple. This apparen# contra-
was explained by the sur-
is manner:
means that although they
tual and intellectual rights
aterialistic ones, they do
"n money as an evil thing.
means that the sentiment
or revising our governent
tfor the most part, spring
cialistic ideas."
g more light upon the sub-
the predominant opinion
r the war the government
ake sure that every persdn
ts a job has one. This ap-
illingness to accept limited
with the emphasis upon
is strongly indicative that
retrenchment policies fol-
he war are doomed to fail-
o be expected student opin-
differs sharply concerning
refits of organized labor.
ne per cent agreed that
unions have made some
, but they have done a lot
and the public should sup-
in." A more conservative
eld by 33.8% who feel that
h labor unions have done
od in the past they have
far and should be closely
" Very few felt that the
hould be given a great deal
wer and an even smaller
felt that unions should be
d. Class differences seem
little difference in the
expressed, but negroes who
borganized are most pro-
upport of organized labor
r en tly based largely on
grounds, for, in later an-
adents expressed the opin-
labor leaders should be
spower in the government
ewarrand farmers given
his survey was made prior
cent Farm Bloc opposition
ess.) Apparently the stu-
e in agreement with the
principles of organized la-
isagree with present poli-
rvey brought out the fact
ial consciousness is not
ong the Nation's youth ex-
terning inter-racial mar-
ere willing to work side by
persons of different races,'
the South where the feel-
ll quite high. Racial con-
s on the part of negroes is
n the choice of Joe Louis
second greatest man in
President Roosevelt is the

Youth Thinks

majority choice as the greatest mar
by both negro and white students
LEAVING the social problem
which confront the Americal
people, the survey seeks out studen
opinions on the currently raging
controversy of why we -are fightin~
this war and our post-war aims an
actions.
Once again the students demon.
strated their devotion to idealisti
concepts. Most agree that we ar
fighting for democracy not merel3
because we were attacked or fao
peace alone.
The great majority were optimis
tic about the creation of a stable
peaceful world. However, 25% wer
cynical regarding this point. Onl3
10.7% were for 'hedonistic escap.
ism', that is to say, taking refug
in ice cream sodas, juke boxes anc
the like.
Not content with merely ibeiin
idealistic, 82.1% assert that th
United States should take a leadin
part organizing the world for i
permanent peace. This is in com-
parison to the 60.2% favoring sue
action in a recent adult poll. Th
students demonstrated their will
ingness to take pragmatic steps t
preserve peace by favoring militar3
training in peace time, "just i
case."
Survey results unexpectedly cas
light on a fieldl quite different fron
the other topics, the preparation o
the modern high school student fo
his duties as an American citizen.
Survey experts determined th
extent of general information pos
sessed by the students by askin
five questions: 1. Who is the Sec
of War? 2. Who is in 'charge o
keeping prices down? 3. Who arc
the two Senators for your state
(this counted for two questions
4. Do all Russians receive the sam~
pay regardless of their work? Th~
results were astonishing and de~
pressing. Knowledge : We ll - In-
formed: All, 19.42%; Boys, 24.0% ,
f*irls, 14.7%. Poorly - Informed
All, 42.4%; Boys, 44.1%; Girls
40.7%. Uninformed: All, 38.2%
Boys, 31.9%; Girls, 44.6%.
With this final bit of educationa
analysis the survey ends. However
the import and meaning of its find-
ings have not ended. They are just
beginning td be felt. The students
are clearly inconsistent at times in
their reasoning. They fail to -asso-
ciate closely the performance oi
civic duties with the preservation
of democratic rights. Belief in cer-
tain idealistic principles is contra-
dicted by opposition to present day
action in these fields. But despite
these apparent inconsistencies and
fallacies of reasoning, the opinions
of this generation are more pro-
gressive and constructive than any
other in our history.

PEACE ISSUES:
Thomas, Russell Bring
ideas of Post-War Era
RXLIZING the importance of open-minded-
ness and critical thinking about an enduring
peace, the Post-War Council brings to campus,
stating today, an opportunity that none of us
can afford to pass up.
It comes in the form of a conference to dis-
cuss vital problems that will confront the
1eaiemakers. Today the meeting will be ad-
dressed by Norman Thomas, tomorrow after-
noon by Bertrand Russell. Both of these men
ir'eresnt ideas that cannot be overlooked; we
cannot agree or disagree with them until we
know just what these ideas are, until we have
weighed them in our own minds.
The significance of the issues to be discussed
cannot be over-emphasized, nor can we stress too
strongly the need for objective thinking. We
cannot ignore issues that will affect all of us for
the rest 6fa our lives.
The Conference, with both its lectures and
panel discussions offers an invaluable chance to
gain a sound basis for thinking and acting. To
ignore it would be to brand ourselves as apa-
thetic, as -hardly deserving of an opportunity to
continue our college educations.
- Jim Wienner
YOUR PENNIES:
Galens Campaign Asks
Donations For Children
UNIVERSITY students will be contributing to
one of the most worthy of all possible chari-
ties today when they drop their pennies in the
Galens pails to help raise funds fo children in
University Hospital.
The money thus raised is used entirely for the
amusement and entertainment of the youthful
patients and takes the form of an annual Christ-
mas party, maintenance of the Galens workshop
and new books and films for the children's li-
brary.
Students often complain that they are expected
to contribute to too many "tag" days and charit-
able campaigns, but there are relatively few who
would begrudge the loss if they could but see
the good for which this money is used. Not, only
does it provide entertainment for the children
during their hospital stay, but through the work-
shop facilities, enables them to develop the self-
confidence and independence so necessary in
their condition.
Many of the children at the University Hos-
pital have been coming in and out regularly for
a number of years. The money you contribute
enables theim to work on constructive proets
and to learn to operate tools with which to
occupy their time. In this way, they keep alive
their interest in themselves and in others and
are better equipped to return to normal com-
munity life.
Last year Galens members stood in the snow
for two days to net an all-time high of $2,100. Do
not -fail to drop your contribution in the Galens
bucket today to equal or better this record. Your
support will not be unrewarded-you will have
helped a crippled child make his place in a nor-
mal world. - Marion Ford
Research Neglected
Research in educational problems has been
woefully neglected and is in need of more atten-

NO FANTASIES:

46

Students Protest Life's
Picture of Cozy Living
This week students, faculty members, alumni
and friends of Indiana have sent a polite letter
to Henry Luce, editor of LIFE magazine, protest-
ing a photo-feature, published in the Nov. 23
issue of the magazine, supposedly depicting typi-
cal I.U. campus scenes which will "be no more
with the end of the war.''
The letter charges first that LIFE's photog-
rapher persuaded I.U. students to pose for pho-
tos illustrating the "do's" and "don't's" estab-
lished by campus tradition. Then, without the
permission of the students, LIFE used these
photographs in an entirely different way,
printing all the "don't's" and omitting all the
"do's", making Indiana students look worse
than foolish.
Secondly, the letter protests against LIFE's in-
sinuation that Indiana University and its stu-
dents do not know that a war is going on. The
greater portion of the letter is then devoted to
explaining in detail to the editors of LIFE the
extensive war program in effect on the I.U. cam-
pus.
WE AT the University of Michigan sympathize
with the students-at Indiana University and
we thank our lucky stars that LIFEs photogra-
phers didn't decide to make us their victims.
Despite the Manpower Corps and other war
projects on our campus, LIFE could easily have
painted as false a picture of the U. of M. as it
did of Indiana.
LIFE's article did not only misrepresent .U.
but also threw a general slam at every college
and university in the country, referring to them
as places "where boys and girls are still living
cosily in a world of fantasy far removed from
the harsh realities of the world around them."
This phrase would have the public believe that
every college student is floating on a cloud with-
out a care in the world; that every student is a
dreamer and doesn't give a hang about worldly
affairs; that as far as international chaos is
concerned all students are in an oasis-away
from it all.
Maybe LIFE's editors don't know that most
students are more closely connected with
worldly affairs than most Americans because
in college they are learning the in's and out's
of government, of economics, of engineering,
of geography and various other fields.
Maybe LIFE's editors haven't heard of col-
legiate war programs here at Michigan, at Indi-
ana and being duplicated at universities and col-
leges the country over.
THERE are thousands of men sudents in
ROTC and in Enlisted Reserve Corps; there
are thousands of women students enlisted in
auxiliaries and aiding in other phases of War
work; practically every student is engaged in an
intense physical hardening program; "speed-
ups" have been introduced in academic calendars,
vacations decreased, and despite heavier aca-
demic burdens, many students have taken part-
time jobs in war industries where there is a laborr
shortage.
No, the average college student today is liv-
ing far from cosily and certainly is not living
in a world of fantasy away from the harsh
realities of the world. But this is the inpres-
sion LIFE has given to students' parents and
friends back home
LIFE has distorted important facts just to make
a supposedly good feature-the swan song of
good-time college days-something to rouse the
public's interest and increase the circulation of

MUSIC
Artur Schnabel's concert last night revealed
once more that he is easily one of the foremost
musical personalities performing in our time.
His is, in fact, the type of personality that
achieves itself not by expressing its eccentricity
or announcing its presence by disappearing into
a forest of dubious virtuoso execution-it is the
disciplined personality that reaches lucidity and
directness of expression by becoming the music
and living through it. To the whole-hearted ro-
mantics this is, I imagine, almost a heresy: ex-
pression is to them the ability of a performer to
allow them their splendid and important isola-
tion, to aggrandize their emotions; not, as Mr.
Schnabel did, to draw the audience together, to
make "them a varied unity and grateful for being
so. -
The program consisted of two Schubert post-
humous Sonatas, in C Minor and D Flat Major,
and two Mozart Sonatas, in D Major and A in-
or. In the Schubert Mr. Schnabel displayed an
understanding and grasp that was truly remark-
able. Schubert .may have wandered in -search of
ideas in spots or repeated himself, but the pianist
never wavered, never ceased to see the -works as
diversified wholes. In the Mozart, however, there
was nothing left to be desired; 'the music and its
execution were lucidity itself. No words though,
can possibly do justice to Mr. Schnabel's tone,
certainly no recording has as yet compassed it;
nor can anyone :do more than profoundly and
wildly admire the varieties of expression that
illuminated the whole evening.
Those for whom a standard resides In the
number of -encores played for their money's
worth may perhaps have been -disappointed-I
was not. It was a relief to have a solid musical
evening unpreceded by fanfares and not followed
by a lace train of insubstantial virtuosity. Per-
haps -to enjoy Mr. Schnabel to the fullest it is
necessary to be snobbish enough not to enjoy
others, and silly enough to say so. Should I live
to be twice Mr. Schnabel's age I hardly expect
to enjoy music much more than I did last evening
unless I become even more intolerant of the third
rate by keeping my ears open and constantly
listening.
As a matter of fact this review might well be
one word long: Bravo! - Chester Kalbman
DREW C 4
PEARSON'S
M ERRY-GO:ROUND
WASHINGTON-Members of the Senate Ju-
diciary -Committee -heard a first-hand chapter
on gestapo methods which they never dreamed
existed -inside the United States when they lis-
tened to the testimony -of Governor Ernest
Gruening of Alaska the-other day.
Governor Gruening told how 40 censorhip
employes operate in Seattle, reading all m'ail
between Alaska and the United -States, and how
many of these letters, called "intercepts," :are
mimeographed and circulated to 31 U.S. govern-
ment offices, and four British agencls.
The same censorship applies to Puerto Rico
and other territories of the-United States, though
they are supposed to enjoy the rights and ad-
vantages of being under the US. Government.
nesbmtt the mannower shortage. atdtal of11.000

FUEL GRAFTON'S
d Rather Be Right

ORK- Government dies
re is a persistent "life of
in every city and town.
r is likely to remain mayor,

ii

With no particular difficulty stu-
dents answered what the experts
thought would be the most difficult
question. Which democratic rights
would they be most willing, and
which rights would they be least
willing, to give up? Freedom of
'speech and freedom of religion won
hands down as the most precious
rights, -with the right to vote and
trial by jury scarcely in the picture.
Most willingly given up would be,
the right to earn more than $3,000
per year and the right to change
jobs.
Survey takers felt that this-called
for a word of comment. They at-
tributed the apparent disregard for
the right to vote and trial by jury
to a clearer conception that stu-
dents have of the other two rights.
Be this as it may, in light of recent
election figures, adults as well as
the students in the survey regard
the right to vote as secondary.
Following in the footsteps of
.their parents high school students
are extolling the vague general
democratic rights, believing pro-
foundly in democracy but neglect-
ing the important pragmatic ac-
tions which its protection demands.
HAT most of the students were
willing to accept limited earn-
ings indicates that large monetary
wife to the United States and had
-taken a colored mistress by whom he
-had three black children, because he
believed it politically wise to play in
with the colored race. The letter
-stated that Governor Tugwell didn't
seem much concerned about the mor-
als of the politician.
This letter was circulated to vari-
ous Government agencies and the
British..
Another letter from Gen. Simon

even in a fascist city, even after the
liberating foreign armies come. And
military commanders will use any-
body who will surrender a gun, or
save an hour's fighting, and the lives
of soldiers.
Then, back home, the din goes up.
Liberals, revolted by darlanism, an-.
pounced that we have betrayed the
war.
To the commander in the field,
in the blood and dust of war, this
seems childish nonsense. He will
not fight on, for a political reason,
when there is no longer a military
reason for fighting. Besides, he has
to be on his way. An extra hour
given to a battle that might have
been avoided by a quick deal is an
hour given to the enemy somewhere
else.
I suggest that darlanism is a deeper
problem than we have realized. It
does not just happen. It is not an
accident. It is not a matter of one
man's bad choice. It is the inevitable
result of political warfare without a
plan. It is not our virtue which is
called into question by darlanism, it
is our wisdom.
The Life of the Place
FOR military operations are super-
ficial operations. They do not
necessarily dig deep into "the life of
the place." A line of force is extended.
Order is established. That is all. If
-we want to dig into "the life of the
place," we need other than military
methods.
It is only the people of the place
who can profoundly alter the life
of the place.
Even the Germans have made
that discovery in the conquered
countries.
They have used a kind of reverse
darlanism of their own, accepting the
aid of wobbly democrats. Yet
throughout France, and Norway, and
the Netherlands. and in other coun-

NOW we come to Italy. Everybody
crystal ball focuses on Italy a
"the next place."
But if we would avoid darlanism
Italy, we cannot depend on a whoo
and prayer.
If we want something better tha
darlanism in Italy, 'we must mab
preparations for something better.
-We must tell the Italian people
candidly and 'without dissembling
that there is no easy way; that th
more fascism they get rid of befor
we come, the fewer mistakes we car
make.
We must ask them to set up, i
secret, fresh, new, clean commit
tees in each town and village, an
we must promise that, when w'
arrive, there will be some very grea
Italian exiles with us at the side o
our commanders, to help us dea
with those committees.
We could add that there will be fi
Americans of Italian origin alo
also. There could be no better war J
for Charles Poletti of New York.
Darlanism Is No Accident
INCESSANTLY, by radio and leafle
we should say to Italy: "You knc
the anonymous fascisti, who ha
swaggered through Italy's streetsf
0 years, and have lounged in yo
cafes like small noblemen, and 1a
set up false and wretched corporati
chambers to cut your wages. Ye
kncw'them, we do not know them.
"If you do not want these men t
plague you after the peace, yo
must prepare your owndevices fo
ridding yourself of them.
"If you fail to have skeleto-
organizations ready for us, we sha
probably fail to do a clean job, to
The life of the place is your lif:
You know it. We cannot know i
For our side, we make the promi
to support Italian democracy. O
your side, you must mobilize Italia
democracy. Changes are coming.
depends largely on you how deepl
these changes will dig into the li
of Italy."

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