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December 04, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-12-04

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4 l

S eather
Snow Flurries

VOL. LI No. 52 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, DEC. 4, 1942

PRICE FIVE CENTS

9

Jap Ships Blasted In Guadalcanal Bat

;tle

w

GalensDrive
Will Be Held
Here Today
Hospitalized Children
Will Benefit from
Funds Collected in
Campus Campaign
Loaded down with pails and tags,
24 young medicos will brave the De-
cember cold today to receive campus
contributions for the fourteenth an-
nual Galens campaign.
Stationed at strategic points
throughout the University area, mem-
bers of Galens, national honorary
medical society will be on hand to
better last year's all-time record of
$2,100 in contributions. Funds from
the drive will go toward making this
Christmas a merry one for 90 hos-
pital-ridden children.
Downtown Drive
Heavy buckets today and tomor-
row, when the drive moves to down-
town Ann Arbor, will mean that Ga-
lens will be able to continue its three
worthy projects:
1. The majority of the funds go to-
ward equipping- and maintaining the
Glenis workshop, loated 'on the hos-
ptals .ninth floor, where children
come daily--some in wheel chairs,
some in bes, and some on crutches-
to while ,away the' long hours of their
confinement.
Your contributions will help furnish
a- supervised occupational and recre-
ational campaign and will go a long
way toward creating self -reliance and
independence' in' the youthfu[ pa-
tients. A full-time instructor is also
supplied to teach handicrafts and to
carry 'on instruction In the operation
of power-driven tools.
To Give Party
2. Most immediate effect of Galens
funed-raisng campaign is the Christ-
mas party given for all the children
in the hospital. This takes the form
Uf entertainment, decorations, a San-
ta CMs and individually-packed
stockings and presents for every child.
3. The third portion of the Galens
money goes toward books for the chil-
dren's library and films which are
presented 'at various intervals in the
pediatrics ward.
Karel R. latmyer, Jr. is general
chairman of the drive assisted by
Ralph Bittinger, production chair-
man, Edward Nedwicki, advance sales
chairman and Robert Mercer, Fran-
cis Anderson and Eldean Betz, pub-
licity chairmen, all of whom are sen-
iors in the miedical school.
Victory Ball
Petitions Due
.Candidates Must Get
Office Blanks Today
Candidacy petitions for positions
on the Junior-Senior Victory Ball
committee and Senior offices in seven
of the. University's schools must be
obtained before 5 p.m. today at the
Student offices of the Union, accord-
ing to a ruling of the Men' Judiciary
Council.
The Ball committee which will
choose the name band and make oth-
er arrangements for the big between-
semester dance that will replace both
the Senior Ball and J-Hop on this
year's spcal calendar, will be selected
at an election to be held Wednesday.
The group will be co-chairmaned
by the Junior and Senior receiving
the highest number of votes in the
combined Literary and Business Ad-

ministration School balloting.
The same deadline has been set for
obtaining petitions to run for a Senior
office In Literary School, Law School
and schools of Business Administra-
tion, Art, Music, Forestry and Educa-
tion.
Petitions for both the Ball Commit-
tee and Senior jobs will be due back
at the Student offices of the Union
not later than noon Monday.
Board of Education
Sanctions Absences
The Ann Arbor Board of Education
has placed a new premium on scho-
lastic proficiency.
The Board has decreed that start-
ina Mondav Ann Arhn i h ij'hn1

Thomas Opens Post-War Conference

Todays

Attempt to
Land Men

11

29 College Delegates
Asked to First Session
Attacking the problem of "The Re-
lation of the Irndividual to the State
in the Post-War World," Norman
Thomas will address the first session
of the Post-War Conference at 8 p.m.
tonight at the Rackham Auditorium. -

Thomas comes here with an active
record behind him. He has served
as an associate editor of the "Nation,"
as director of the League for Social
Democracy and was the founder-
editor of the ."World Tomorrow." Or-
dained in the Presbyterian Ministry,
Thomas later demitted and devoted
himself to writing and a stormy po-
litical career. Following a, consis-
tently socialistic platform, he was
twice candidate for mayor of New
York City, once entered the guber-
natorial race in the Empire State
and has been a perennial candidate
for the presidency, never running
with a hope of winning but to pub-
licize socialism.
Special Meeting
Representatives from 29 Michigan
colleges and universities have been
invited to attend the Conference.
There will be a special meeting of
these delegates tomorrow.
Starting at 1:30 p.m. tomorrow in
the "Vnion, three panel discussions
will be held to examine various
phases of post-war planning. Fol-
lowing this, the Conference will move
into its final stage-an address by
Bertrand Russell, eminent philoso-
pher and mathematician, on "Inter-
national Government," to be given
at 4:30 p.m. in the Rackham Audi-
torium. :
Speaking of the Conference, Clif-

NORMAN THOMAS

ford Straehley, chairman of the
Post-War Council, said, "we hope
that the attendance at the talks and
panels will be in keeping with the
importance of the issues to be dis-
cussed."
In outlining the aims of the Con-
ference, Straehley particularly em-
phasized the importance of provid-
ing a sound basis for thought.
Tickets for the talks by Thomas
and Russell will be on sale today and
tomorrow at the desks of the League
and Union as well as on the diagonal.
There will be no admission charge
for the panel discussions.

i

x
Nazis Forced
to, Aid Italy
BERN, Dec. 3.-(IP)-Italy's exposed
position and the strain placed on her
morale by continuing aerial bom-
bardment and military reverses have
forced the Germans to come to her
aid for a second time, as they did in
Greece, and at an hour when the
Nazis need their greatest efforts else-
where.
Foreign political observers here
said tonight that they did not see
how Italy could quit the war, even
if her government and people were
determined to do so, as long as Ger-
man troops keep a firm influence in
the country and prevent development
of organized opposition to Mussolini
and his war policy.
From Premier Mussolini down, the
Italians are aware, that Allied effort
is concentrating upon knocking Italy
out of the war.
t ,
Owners Claim
Tileveco' Broke
Up; Crew Lost
CLEVELAND, Dec. 3.- (P)- The
missing tanker-barge Cleveco, carry-
ing 24,000 barrels of fuel oil for east-
ern war plants, apparently broke up
with loss of all 18 crew members, the
owners announced tonight, raising to
32 the toll of a double disaster on
Lake Erie.
Coast Guard searching vessels,
which lost contact with the Cleveco
at 1 a.m., today, later found an oil
slick, pieces of wreckage and six bod-
ies.
They were unable to determine
then whether the bodies were from
the Clevco or from the tug Admiral,
which sank yesterday with its crew
of 14 while towing the tanker-barge
to Cleveland.
Finding of the oil slick and bodies,
however, led the Cleveland Tankers,
Inc., to declare tonight "that in the
opinion of the company the entire
crew has been lost."
The Cleveco, a 250-foot steel hulled
vessel resembling a lake freighter,
carried no propulsion machinery.
The 94-ton tug Admiral went down
swiftly in heavy seas before dawn
AWiacndau The n wnrn qaid the craft

Hfo se Revives,
Passes Farm
Parity 'Law,
WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.- ()- In
a surprise move, the House revived3
and passed unanimously today a
Farm Parity Price Bill which admin-
istration forces successfully opposed,
last September on the ground that it
would add billions of dollars to the,
cost of living.
Offered by Rep. Pace (Dem.-Ga.),
the bill would force the government
to include farm labor costs in the1
parity formula for the first time, and
thus raise the parity, or "fgir ex-
change," price of agricultural pro-
ducts. Some government economists
have estimated that the revision
would raise the parity level by 10
per cent.
Senator Thomas (Dem. - Okla.),
Senate Agriculture Committee mem-
ber, announced he would attempt to
obtain prompt passage of the bill by
the Senate. Private predictions were
heard that it would have sufficient
strength in both chambers to override
a. Presidential veto, if the President
disapproved.
President Roosevelt has expressed
"unalterable opposition" to altering
the formula for parity, which is a
price designed to give farm products
the same purchasing power they had
in a past period, usually 1909-14.
Art Cinema League
Shows Soviet Film,
'Guerrilla Brigade'
A tale of individual ingenuity and
daring, a saga of Soviet fighters be-
hind the enemy lines, this is the basis
for the Russian film, "Guerrilla Bri-
gade," which will be presented by the
Art Cinema League at 8:15 today
through Sunday in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
"Guerrilla Brigade" describes the
resistance of the people of the
Ukraine against the Germans. In-
spired by their leader, Chubenko, they
attack in secrecy and slay with their
homemade weapons. Even the women
have their part in this offensive as
shown when Oana, the peasant girl,
bludgeons a German officer over the
head.
Lev Sverdlin, who impersonates
Chubenko, has received for his work
the coveted award known as the Red
Rannr of Tnor. Oddly enough he

Illness Strikes
100'Employes
of, U Hospital
No Cases Are Acute;
Borman Offers Help
of Manpower Corps
to Shorthanded Staff
The University Hospital, already
short-handed because of the wartime
labor shortage, yesterday suffered the
temporary loss of 100 nurses, dieti-
cians and doctors who were suddenly
taken ill by a gastro-intestinal ail-
ment, the cause of which is still un-
known.
Although these persons were con-
fined to bed, none have been hospital-
ized, and Dr. A. C. Kerlikowske, assis-
tant director of the hospital, reported
that no one is acutely ill.
Diagnosis Not Completed
Diagnosis of the illness has not yet
been completed, but Dr. Kerlikowske
said that it was "assumed the em-
ployes' illness was caused by some-
thing they ate." This diagnosis is ex-
pected to be finished by 5 p.m. today.
The hospital spokesman added,
however, that 95% of the emloyees
are expected to be back on the job
tomorrow. To relieve the serious'lbor
shortage in the meantime, Manpower.
Boss Mary Borman volunteered the
services of the Manpower Mobiliza-
tion Corps until the undermanned
staff is relieved. The Manpower Corps
volunteers will act as porters and
general helpers.
The first signs of illness were no-
ticed about 9:30 p.m. Wednesday
when the first few student nurses
were stricken. From that time until
midnight a total of 70 were taken ill.
Nearly 30 more cases were reported
yesterday, each of them showing the
same symptoms.
70 Were Student Nurses
About 70% of the absentees were
student nurses, with the remainder
graduate nurses and internes. Five of
the cases were doctors.
The situation, however, held a ray
of sunshine for the freshman nurses
who were dismissed from classes all
day yesterday and today to serve on
active duty, taking the places of the
stricken workers. But theirs will only
be a two-day holiday, for classes will
be resumed tomorrow.
A similar situation occurred here
7 years ago, Dr. Kerlikowske reported,
when 50 workers were stricken ill in
a ptomaine epidemic caused by unfit
chicken salad.
Reds Destroy.
40 Nazi Planes
Soviets Report Gains
in Stalingrad Area
MOSCOW, Dec. 4. (Friday)- ()-
Russian troops have destroyed 40
more Nazi transport planes trying to
ferry aid to enemy forces pocketed in
the Stalingrad area, captured a stra-
tegic height on the left bank of the
Don River west of that city in a hand-
to-hand fight, and smashed another
hole in the enemy's lines west of
Rzhev on the snow-choked central
front, the Soviets announced early to-
day.
More than 3,100 Germans fell dur-
ing yesterday's widespread and vio-
lent actions to boost the toll of Nazi
dead and captured to approximately
170,000, the Russians said.
Field dispatches said the hard-
pressed Germans on the Rzhev-Veli-
kie Luki front northwest of Moscow
were fighting in summer uniforms

and were abandoning frozen tanks
and guns on the blizzard-swept
plains.
The midnight communique ac-
knowledged strong German resistance
and even counter-attacks, but gave
an unfavorable picture of the situa-
tion on the various fronts.
Beet Harvesters'
Pay Day Approaches
Manpower Head Mary Borman,
who has been besieged by student
L.....1 .. ..ce.«., tt.. w e "1i r a n

Equal Losses Inflicted 'in Tunis;
Allies Prepare for New Smash

-
a

Mediterranean Sea
BIZERTE Cap :
EL AOUARIAi
TAEDEIDA
LETARF
GUELMAN H
PONT
LE KEF DU FAHS
AIN-BEIDA
KAIROUAN :......i
TEBESSA
KHENCHELA SBEITLA , BOUTHADI:
ALGERIA FERIANA SFAX
REDEYEF GAFSA.
TUNISIA .........
ABES
-:
NEFTA MARET -
MEDEN u"M
TO TRIPOLI
A heavy Nazi counter-attack was hurled back yesterday hy Al led
ground forces pressing into the Tunisian area, as United Nations air
'power maintained a 24-hour bombing of Tunis and Bizerte, prior to.
the final Allied attack. Meanwhile an Allied naval squadron, operating
in the Mediterranean broke up an Axis convoy heading for these much
bombed ports with vital supplies for Rommel.

By.The Associated Press
ALLIED FORCE HEADQUAR-c
TERS IN NORTH AFRICA, Dec. 3.-
Allied tank forces prepared for an-
other smash at strong German posi- e
tions 12 miles west of Tunis today af-i
ter a 48-hour battle which resulted inh
"about equal losses on both sides."
The action was fought near Djede-c
ida, 12 miles west of Tunis, and "the t
battlefield was dotted with wreckedt
tanks, a headquarters spokesmanb
said.
Djedeida has changed hands sev-c
eral times, he said, but the Allies now
are holding the western part of thev
village while American and Britishe
airmen continue to blast both Tuniss
and Bizerte on the northern coast.
A communique earlier said anotherf
big action was fought Tuesday ata
Tebourba, 20 miles west of Tunis and
35 miles south of Bizerte, when Allied
tanks repulsed Nazi armored forces
"with considerable destruction of en-
emy equipment."
The fighting still is going on in
the Tebourba area.
* * * I
Axis Hurled Back
in Fight for Tunisia
LONDON, Dec. 3.- V()- American
and British forces battling for Tuni-
sia have hurled back a second and
larger enemy counter-attack in the
Tebourba area, the Allied commands
in North Africa announced today,
while Allied airmen kept up a heavy
'round-the-clock pounding of Tunis
and Bizerte and an Allied naval
16 Allied Vessels '
Reported Lost in '
Africano ffensive '
LONDON, Dec. 3. -(P)- Sixteen3
Allied naval vessels, including five
United States naval transports, were
lost out of an estimated 850 partici-
pating in the occupation of North
Africa nearly a month ago, an-
nouncements here and in Washing-
ton disclosed today, but casualties
were described as "very small."
The delayed disclosures of Allied
losses came almost simultaneously
with an Admiralty communique tell-
ing of another smashing blow at Axis
supply lines to Tunisia-the sinking,
of four Axis transports and two de-,
stroyers last Tuesday by a British
battle force that included three cruis-
ers.
Allied warships lost in the original
Allied movement on Morocco and Al-
aeria, the Admiralty said, included

Where Allies Hurled Back Nazis

squadron broke up an ' Axis - convoy -
carrying supplies destined: for the:
battlefield.
The land, sea and air action report-
ed by the Allied force headquarters r
in North Africa was some of the i
heaviest of the whole campaign.
The communique said that theV
counter-thrust by the Germans in
the Tebourba area was even larger d
than that of last Tuesday, which had c
been described as the most deter-
mined Axis opposition this far in the
campaign.
The counter-attack "was repulsed
with considerable destruction of en-
emy equipment," the communique s
said.
Tebourba, the area of the critical f
fighting, is 35 miles south of Bizerte2
and 20 miles west of Tunis.
U. Toghtens
Grip on Africa r
Allied Air Bases to Be
Established in Liberia I
WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.- (P)- A
stronger American grip on North
Africa, and increased domination of
the South Atlantic Narrows was indi-
cated today by a State Department
announcement that Liberia had con-
sented to the establishment of Ameri-
can air bases there.
Troops of the United States, largely
negro detachments, have already
moved into the famous negro" repub-
lic, and are already at work hacking
new airports out of the jungles.
The state department said that ac-
tion was taken at the request of Li-
beria, which felt that because of its
geographical situation it was in dan-
ger of attack and wanted to "safe-
guard the independence and security
of the republic."
Ban Is Placed
on House Parties
The Student Affairs Committee
yesterday announced that on last
Aug. 4 it had taken action which
places a ban for the duration on so-
called "house parties" by any campus
organization.
This action was coincident with the
unexpected announcement that all
men who have attended one or more
terms at any university or college and
who have made the hours, grades and
honor points now required for frater-
nity initiation are eligible not only for

U.S. Loses Cruiser
as Thousands of Japs
Are Drowned When
2 Transports Are Sunk
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.- The Jap-
mese came out for round 3 Monday
Light in the battle of Guadalcanal,
he Navy announced today, but were
waten back again with nine of their
hips sunk and thousands of their
oldiers drowned.
The night engagement cost the
Jnited States one cruiser sunk "an'
ther U.S. vessels damaged," a com-
nunique reported, but none of the
fapanese soldiers being brought in
y transports set foot on shore except
possibly as bedraggled- prisoners.
Ships Sunk
Two Japanese troop transports and
ne cargo ship were sunk and six of
heir escorting warships were sent to
he bottom of the sea. These included
'our destroyers and two other vessels
hich were either cruisers or large
lestroyers.
'Before the Navy issued its commu-
ique, imperial headquarters in Tok-
ro had trumpeted the action not as
n unsuccessful attempt to put rein-
orcements 'ashore at Guadalcanal
>ut as "a fierce attack" by a Japanese
'torpedo attack flotilla." Tokyo
laimed the sinking of one American
attleship, one cruiser of the Augusta
ype and two destroyers, to the loss
>f only one of their own destroyers.
Japs Stranded
*Leanwhile American forces ashore
'n Guadalcanal hacked away at the
apanese left stranded there without
einforcements of men or fresh sup-
lies, killing more than 100 of them
n patrol skirmishes Tuesday and,
Wednesday (Guadalcanal date).
Successes in ground fighting, as
Nell as in raids by aircraft from ien-
letson Field, have been reported in
ntermittent action ever since the last
id of the foe to reinforce his troops
was rebuffed in the smashing naval
victory of Nov. 14-15.
At that time 28 Japanese ships were
sunk and 10 damaged. Despite the
:rushing setback to the Japanese
fleet, Secretary of the Navy Knox
described the engagement as "round'
2" and warned that the enemy could
be expected to come back.
Foretold by Knox
Thus the action earlier this week
apparently constituted the "round .3"
which Knox and other authorities
had foretold. The Japanese challenge
n this round was beaten back .as de-
cisively as was the earlier one, but
the Japanese force apparently was
much smaller, and the damage suf-
fered by the enemy was correspond-
ingly less.
American warships intercepted the
Japanese armada in waters off the
north coast of the island, in about the
same vicinity as the scene of the last
naval battle.
"The enemy was interrupted in his
attempt to reinforce and supply his
troops on the island," the communi-
que related succinctly, "and no land-
ing was effected."
Allies Near Enemy
Line in New Guinea
SOMEWHERE IN NEW GUINEA,
Dec. 3.--()-Jungle-toughened Aus-
tralian and American troops had di-
vided the Japanese on the north
shore of New Guinea into two con-
tracting pockets around Buna and
Gona today and fought so close to
the enemy lines they could hear the
curses of the dying Nipponese.
The plight of the fanatically fight-
ing enemy grew graver and he was
believed short of food and ammuni-
tion after the sixth attempt at rein-

forcement had been turned back at
sea by the hammer blows of Flying
Fortresses and other Allied planes
which routed a destroyer force.
Allied troops already had infiltra-
ted the cluster of grass huts which is
Buna and controlled a shore line of
about seven miles separating the Jap-
anese trapped at Gona.
The drive to Buna possibly divided

Fails Againi

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