THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, NOV. 20, 1942
VAO~ FOUR FRIDAY, NOV. 20, 1942
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i. n 1'Y C k yr S C , -
ditorials published in The Michigan Daily
are wr.ten by members of The Daily staff .. .-. r - sc °J
and represent the views of the writers only. = _
Is Fired from WPB
THERE are many bureaucratic inefficiencies
that impede the war effort unintentionally
and pardonably if they are not long continued,
but intentional blocking of assigned duties like
the failure to ship oil refinery equipment to
Russia is unforgivable.
Drew Pearson reports in his column today
that Donald Nelson, for all his widely publi-
cized purges, is not firing those who use the
powers of their job to stop national policy.
Emory Brennerman, a man who did his best to
carry out the President's directive to ship oil
equipment to the Soviet Union, was fired in-
stead, apparently because he tried to cut the
And now every button pusher in the WPB is
resting in his chair contemplating the delightful
prospect of yards and yards of bright red tape.
This spirit results directly from Donald Nelson's
seeming inability to distinguish a good adminis-
trator from a bad one. And it is not helping to
win the war. -- Leon Gordenker
fl ridges' Harvard Talk
Denounced By legion
PERHAPS the saddest thing about the whole
war is the failure of influential men to re-
define their values and broaden their outlook.
American Legion Commander Roane Waring,
who is still thinking in the old reactionary chan-
nels that have directed the thoughts of all Legion
leaders, recently called Harvard's permitting a
speech by Harry Bridges "a slap in the face of
every man who wears the uniform of America in
Bridges, now under order of deportation as a
Communist, spoke at a meeting of the Harvard
Teachers' Union (AFL) Armistice Day.
Waring was wrong on two counts, and if
anyone is kicking the boys in the trenches
right in the teeth, it's the American Legion
HIS ATTACK stabs the soldiers because expedi-
ency indicates that Bridges is now one of the
most important men in the war set-up. The driv-
ing force behind a great labor effort on West
Coast piers, he seems to be the only man who
can handle the labor situation there.
And Waring still doesn't know that freedom of
speech has to mean freedom for everybody, that
when this war is over Communists will talk and
be heard, or the war will be just a waste.
It is all part of a psychological and intellec-
tual growth that has to come during the war,
and that is coming to most of the American
people. If it doesn't come we will end up right
where we started; the four freedoms will not
be attained, the peoples' century will not arrive.
- Robert Preiskel
with Old Guard Policies
ISOLATIONIST, fence -straddling Werner
Schroeder, a buddy of Robert "Bertie" McCor-
, *lr 'rinc r'ThrihimPnjurihihr. i bein boomed
WASHINGTON- On Nov. 2, this column re-
ported an incident inside the War Production
Board in which Emory Brennerman had cut red
tape to speed the shipment of oil refining equip-
ment to Russia.
With its oil supplies cut off in the Caucasus,
Russia has wanted to set up refineries behind the
lines, and President Roosevelt issued a directive
Oct. 10 that oil equipment move immediately. So
Brennerman, finding that the Russian oil docu-
ments were not moving, carried them to the
Treasury, urged Treasury Procurement officials
Then he found two officials in his own War
Production Board who had snarled up the
Russian shipments. He reminded them that
the President of the United States and WPB's
vice-chairman Ferd Eberstadt both had de-
manded that Russia oil equipment move im-
mediately. But the two WPB men did not move
"You put your judgment against that of the
President, and against Mr. Eberstadt," said Bren-
nerman. "And you didn't take the trouble to tell
them you disagreed with them. You just sat
there ignoring their orders."
But following publication of the column de-
scribing this incident, Mr. Brennerman, the man
who cut red tape, was fired. Donald Nelson in-
structed his counsel John Lord O'Brian to notify
Brennerman of his dismissal.
Golden Bullets in Africa
NOT MANY people noticed it, but during the
North African troop-landing, U.S. gold was
put to use for the first time since 1933, when
Roosevelt froze all gold in the Treasury and
brought forth the famous "rubber dollar."
Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark let the cat out of the
bag when he told how his boat upset just after
his secret rendezvous with French military lead-
ers and $18,000 in gold coin went to the bottom
of the sea.
Obviously, U.S. forces were taking a lesson
from the sage Chinese custom of using "silver
bullets" (silver dollars). "Silver bullets," say the
Chinese, "save many lives."
For a long time the idea of using some of Ft.
Knox's idle gold to loosen up North Africa had
been discussed, and had been proposed in this
column. However, Treasury officials, and for a
while also the State Department, were opposed.
Senator Wherry of Nebraska
IMMEDIATELY after Senator George Norris
was defeated for his sixth term in the Senate,
he wr e a very cordial congratulatory letter to
the man who defeated him, Republican Kenneth
"Your plurality is decisive and complete," Sen-
ator Norris wrote.
Then he added, with a touch of very human
candidness, that he, Norris, had hoped to stay
in the Senate through the end of the war, to put
into effect some of his ideas for a lasting peace
treaty. But he added:
"In our democracy all loyal citizens abide by
the result of an election-honestly and fairly
held-and your election possessed both these
-- By SAMUE L GRAFTON
NEW YORK-No writer on etiquette, so far as
I know, has ever included a chapter entitled:
"How to Behave While Waiting for the Offen-
So, there is nothing to go by. Mr. Westbrook
Pegler spends his time, while waiting for the
offensive, by raising the burning question of not
letting the Administration allow unlimited Japa-
(It seems an odd issue. One can see the Pres-
ident, somewhat puzzled, asking "Steve, have
I been allowing unlimited Japanese immigration
lately? Seems to me we've just lost some men
and ships trying to stop an unlimited Japanese
immigration in force.")
One letter-writer to the New York Daily
News spends his time while waiting for the
offensive by charging Mr. Roosevelt with in-
tending to bring millions of refugees here this
year, give them citizenship, quick, and then be
re-elected on their votes.
Representative Maas, of Minnesota, he spends
his time while waiting for the offensive in Europe
by saying we ought not to have one.
Number of Southern senators, they're spending
their time while waiting for the offensive in a
filibuster to save the poll taxes. They are en-
gaged in an incredibly intricate enterprise. They
are determined to save their positions by keep-
ing the poll taxes. Thus they are instructing
the voters of the country that the poll taxes will
go only when the Republicans control both
Houses of Congress. And so they are, like so
many male Marie Antoinettes, begging for the
execution of their own party.
All that is interesting, but one wonders whether
it ought to go on while we are waiting for the
Lots of people, they're spending their time
while waiting for the offensive by tearing
down Mr. Willkie.
Mr. Willkie asks for the eventual freedom
of Malaya, as he waits for the big offensive.
The plain truth is, we just don't know which
fork to use. We've never been here before. Our
democratic way of life is so accustomed to al-
most making it a principle not to know where
it is going, that we have no guide-posts for
decent behavior during what we know is a wait-
ing period before the big push starts next year.
So we have to invent, if we can, a political
etiquette for a curious and unprecedented in-
But what shall it be? We know, now, that this
war has a pattern, a long quiet period in which
important thingsare done secretly, then a sud-
den crescendo, like the invasion of North Africa.
We know that we have dipped down into one
of the quieter periods again, but we know, too,
that the next crescendo is cming. How can we
fit the things we do into this rhythm? How can
we enter into the pattern of this war and avoid
It seems to me the dividing line is between
those who have some faith in the President,
and those who have no faith.
It may be uncomfortable to some, but there
is no other guide that keeps you from being
knocked off balance every time one of the
peaks comes along. It doesn't mean you have
to be a Democrat. Some of the most irrelevant
people I know are Democrats.
Editor s ote: Beleigtatvc
President Henry A. 'Wallace's recent
speech is one of the most significant
of our era, we have selected some of
the most important excerpts to reprint
here. Space limitations prevent re-
production of the text.)
BOTH Russia and the United
States retreated into isolation-
ism to preserve their peace. Both
failed. Both have learned their
The ferment in the world today
is such that our various types of
democracy must be woven together
into a harmonious whole. Millions
of Americans are now coming to
see that if Pan America and the
British Commonwealth are the
warp of the new democracy, then
the peoples of Russia and Asia
may well become its woof.
Some in the United States be-
lieve that we have overemphasized
what might be called political or
Bill-of-Rights democracy. Carried
to its extreme form, it leads td
rugged individualism, exploitation,
Simpractical emphasison hstate's
rights, and even to anarchy.
Russia, perceiving some of the
abuses of excessive political democ-
racy, has placed strong emphasis
on economic democracy. This, car-
ried to an extreme, demands that
all power be centered in one man
and his bureaucratic helpers.
Somewhere there is a practical
balance between economic and po-
litical democracy. Russia and the
United States both have been work-
ing toward this practical middle
ground. In present-day Russia, for
example, differences in wage in-
come are almost but not quite as
great as in the United States. The
manager of a factory may be paid
ten times as much as the average
worker. Artists, scientists and out-
standing writers are usually paid
even more than factory managers
or political commissars.
The chief difference between the
economic organization of Russia
and that of the United States is
that in Russia it is almost impossi-
ble to live on income-producing
property. The Russian form of
state socialism is designed not to
Mr. Spalding played a rather variedI
program last night. A bow or so was
made to the music lovers with Corelli
and the Beethoven op. 30, No. 2 So-]
nata in C minor, but from that point
on it was anybody's day. Not mine.
The Corelli Sonata in A major was1
played in a Spalding transcription1
which makes him, I suppose, respon-
sible for the results. The results were
negligibly romantic and thinly played.
One of these days I hope to hear this
particular Sonata again in its original
form, there were glimmerings of a
really remarkable talent there.
Beethoven was next, and I honestly
cannot report on Mr. Spalding's per-
formance of it, I heard only about
half. The rest was drowned by Mr.
Benoist at the piano. At least we can
be thankful that he played with the
top down or nothing would have
emerged that could be called a Violin
and Piano Sonata. The third move-
ment, at any rate, was bounced
through like tumbleweed over the
Mojave Desert. What was hearable of
the rest sounded hysterical.
Next, Mr. Spalding played Villa-
Lobos' First Sonata-Fantasy "Desper-
Joachim's Variations closed the
first half of the program. Its value as
music I cannot discuss here, and its
value as a show piece for violinists
remained completely obscure in last
The second half of the program
should possibly be reviewed by some-
one else, I do not feel competent to
discuss dinner music. However, I did
notice that the the violin transcrip-
tion of Chopin's Nocturne Op. 27 No.
2 was saved from over-sweetness by
the sourness of the playing. Next con-
cert, my spies tell me, Artur Schnabel
may play the Tchaikowsky Violin
Concerto as an encore. I hope they
are wrong; they usually are.
This review will probably be accused
of collegiate clownishness; but to
evaluate the program or Mr. Spalding
as an artist is a thankless task. I can
only say that I was completely dis-
appointed and have become for the
- Chester Kallman
and you don't really have to do
anything of the kind. But the pun-
ishment, if you don't, is swift and
sure. The next peak of the war
comes along, and you are exposed
as having sat that one out, ad-
dressing an oration to your navel.
There is, after all, free speech in
every monkey cage.
(Copyright, 1942, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
get equality of income but to give
a maximum incentive on each indi-
vidual to produce his utmost.
* * *
A third kind of democracy, which
I call ethnic, is in my opinion vital
to the new democracy, the democ-
racy of the common man. Ethnic
democracy means merely that the
different races and minority groups
must be given equality of economic
We have not sunk to the lunatic
level of the Nazi myth of racial
superiority, but we have sinned
enough to cost us already the blood
of tens of thousands of precious
lives. Ethnic democracy built from
the heart is perhaps the greatest
need of the Anglo-Saxon tradition.
* * *
The fourth democracy, which has
to do with education, is based fun-
damentally on belief in ethnic dem-
ocracy. It is because Stalin pushed
educational democracy with all the
power that he could command that
Russia today is able to resist Ger-
many. The Russian people for gen-
erations have had a great hunger
to learn to read and write, and
when Lenin and Stalin gave them
the opportunity, they changed in
twenty years from a nation which
was 90 per tent illiterate to a na-
tion of which nearly 90 per cent
are able to read and write.
* 4! *
The old democracy did not serve
as a guarantee of peace. The new
democracy, in which the people of
the United States and Russia are
so deeply interested, must give us
such a guarantee. This new democ-
racy will be neither communism of
the old-fashioned internationalist
type nor democracy of the old-
fashioned isolationist sort. Willing-
ness to support world organization
to maintain world peace by justice
implemented by force is funda-
(Continued from Page 2)
Michigan Dailies Wanted for Mich-
igan Students in the Services: Mrs.
Ruth B. Buchanan, Museums Library,I
is making weekly mailings of the
Michigan Daily to former students
now in the armed services. These are
much appreciated by the recipients,1
and Mrs. Buchanan can use more)
copies of the Daily for the purpose.1
Faculty members and students who
can make them available are re-
quested to communicate with her at
the Museums Library (campus tele-
University Lecture: Dr. Alexander
D. Lindsay, Master of Balliol Col-
lege, Oxford University, will lecture
on the subject, "Universities and
Modern Democracy," under the aus-
pices of the Departments of Philos-
ophy, History, and Political Science,
at 8:00 p.m. on Tuesday, Nov. 24, in
the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is invited.
Lecture on Glass: Mr. J. J. Moran
of the Technical Department of the
Kimble Glass Co., Vineland,-N. J., will
deliver an illustrated lecture on the
subject, "Glass - Its Uses in Labora-
tory and Medical Prectice" tonight
at 7:30 in the Amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building. The lecture is
sponsored by the Clinical Laborator-
ies of the University Hospital and
by the Departments of Chemistry
and of Chemical Engineering of the
Graduate Students in Chemistry,
Biological Chemistry, Pharmacy, and
Chemical Engineering: The third and
fourth lectures on "War Gases and
Civilian Defense" will be given to-
day at 4:30 p.m. in Room 151 Chem-
istry Building. Professor L. C. Brock-
way will discuss the chemical and.
physical properties and Professor H.
B. Lewis the toxocological properties
of some of the important war agents.
Sociology 73 will meet as usual at
9:00 a.m. on Saturday, Nov. 21.
Graduate Students who took the
Graduate Record Examination may
receive individual examination re-
ports by calling for them in the
Graduate School offices in the Rack-
The first concert of the season by
the University of Michigan Symphony
Orchestra, under the direction of
Eric DeLamarter, Conductor, will be
given at 8:30 p.m. Sunday, November
22, in the Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
tre. David VanVactor will conduct
the orchestra in the presentation of
his "Concerto Grosso," and Hanns
mental to the democracy of the
common man in these days of air-
planes. Fortunately, the airplanes,
which make it necessary to organ-
ize the world for peace, also furn-
ish the means of maintaining peace.
* * *
This United Nations' Charter has
in it an international bill of rights
and certain economic guarantees of
international peace. These must
and will be made more specific.
There mustbe an international
bank and an international TVA,
include say an international Dnie-
perstroy dam for that matter,
based on projects which are self-
liquidating at low rates of interest.
* * *
The new democracy by defini-
tion abhors imperialism. But by
definition also it is internationally
minded and supremely interested
in raising the productivity, and
therefore the standard of living,
of all the peoples of the world.
First comes transportation, and
this is followed by improved agri-
culture, industrialization and ru-
* * *
Undoubtedly China will have a
strong influence on the world which
will come out of this war and in
exerting this influence it is quite
possible that the principles of Sun
Yat-sen will prove to be as signifi-
cant as those of any other modern
The British Commonwealth, Eng-
land herself, the democracies of
Northwest Europe, Latin America,
and in fact all of the United Na-
tions, have a very important role
to play. But in order that the
United Nations may effectively
serve the world it is vital that the
United States and Russia be in ac-
cord as to the fundamentals of an
enduring peace based on the as-
pirations of the common man.
today at 5:00 p.m. in the League.
The room will be posted.
Nursery School Assistants, play-
ground assistants, Girl Reserve and
Girl Scout leaders are needed in Ann
Arbor. Anyone who has had experi-
ence and is interested, please report
to the Undergraduate Office in the
League today between 3:30 and 5:30
Presbyterian Student Guild: Social
evening in the Social Hall of the
church tonight beginning at 8:30.
For reservation for Sunday's supper,
Episcopal Students: Tea will be.
served for Episcopal students and
their friends this afternoon by the
Canterbury Club, 4:00 to 5:30, in
Michigan Dames: Music group
will meet tonight at 8:00 at the home
of Mrs. R. C. Hussey, 595 Riverside
German Journal Club will meet at
4:00 p.m. Monday in the West Con-
ference Room of the Rackham Build-
ing. Mr. Philippson will read a paper
on "Die niederrheinischen Matonen."
Michigan Outing Club will take a
hike to Saginaw Forest on Sunday,
November 22, leaving Hill Auditorium
at 2:30 p.m. All students are wel-
come. For further information, call
Dan Saulson (2-3776) or Dorothy
Inter-Guild invites the public to
atten alectureo Sturdayat74
p.m. in the Lecture Room of Lane
Hall by Dr. George F. Thomas of
Princeton University on "What Makes
Inter-Guild's Fifth Annual Fall
Conference will be held at Lane Hall
on Saturday and Sunday with regis-
tration at 1:00 p.m. on Saturday and
meetings on Sunday starting at 2:001
p.m. Dr. George F. Thomas, Profes-
sor of Religious Thought at Prince-
ton University, will speak. The topic
for discussion will be "What Makes
Christianity Distinctive." There wil
be a Conference fee.
Women's Rifle Club: Women stu
dents who are interested in Women'
Rifle Club and who were unable t
attend the mass meeting may sti
sign up for instruction periods ib
calling Doris Kimball at 2-5618 be
fore Monday, November 23.
Wyvern Luncheon Meeting Satur
day in the League Cafeteria at 12:0
noon. All members please be present
t Children's Play Classes: Pla
f classes for boys and girls, ages 3 t
s 9, will start on Saturday, Nov. 21, a
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