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November 11, 1942 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-11-11

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Weather
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VOL. LHI No. 33 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOV. 11, 1942

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U.S. Attack Smashes Casablanca Defc

nses

I

Huge

Parade

Will

Mark

Armistice

Today

American Troops

25 Units
To March
kinReview
I Outdoor Community
Singing Will Conclude
Impressive Program
at Rackham Building
Almost forgotten in a world agai
torn by a globe-encircling war, the
Armistice which ended the last wa
will receive due commemoration a
10:10 a.m. today when more than 2
marching units, comprising some
3,900 students and townspeople, step
off in Ann Arbor's most impressive
Parade since 1918.
Spectators to Sing
After pausing momentarily or
Main Street for a simple ceremon
consisting of a moment of silence fol
lowed by "Taps" and a three-volley
salute, the mile-long procession wil
parade past the reviewing stand, tc
be located at the Allenel Hotel, and
on to the steps of the Rackhan
Building, where participants and
spectators will mass their voices in
ai outdoor community sing.
Marching directly behind the par-
ade - leading University Marching
Band, an American Legion color
To permit full student partici-
pation, all University classes, with
the exception of clinics, will be
dismissed between 10 a.m. and
noon today. Parade participants
will be excused from clinics indi--
vidually.
guard and members of the Veterans
of Fbtegn Wars, representing units
which sprarg out of the last war,
will occupy the position of honor at
the head of the parade.
University students will have ample
opportunity t view the procession, as
the leading units -will form at State
and Liberty streets and move to Main
Street via State and Hill streets. The
return will be made on Huron Street.
Conceived and planned by student
members of the ROTC cadet regi-
mental staff, the parade is intended
to give recognition to student and
civic organizations participating ac-
tively in the war effort, as well as to
observe Armistice Day.
Large ROTO Unit
Largest of the participating' units
will be the 1,200-man ROTC unit,
which will be preceded on the march
by a unit of Army men from the
Judge-Advocate General school now
being conducted in the Law Quad.
Other marching ,units, in order of
march, will be the NROTC, Michigan
State Troops, Civilian Air Patrol, Ci-
vilian Volunteer Defense Organiza-
tion, Boy Scouts of America, Women's
Rifle Club, Girl Scouts of America,
Girls' Reserve, Ann Arbor High
School Band;
Ann Arbor High School physi-
cal training group, Junior Chamber
of Commerce, a mounted detachment,
auxiliary policemen, auxiliary fire-
Turn to Page 7, Col. 1
Ganoe Predicts Long War
in Talkat IFC Banquet
"All mathematical calculations
point to a longer war-probably as
long as 15 years, if we can rely on the
value of logistics as against strategy
and tactics," Col. William A. Ganoe,
campus ROTC head, told nearly 7,50
fraternity men and pledges who as-
sembled yesterday at the Union for

the largest Interfraternity Council
Pledge Banquet ever held.
In a vigorous address he empha-
sized the great number of island pos-
sessions, particularly in the Pacific,
to be regained .by the United States,
and he told of how landing operations
are the hardest and slowest of all.
Citing only approximate figures, the
colonel asked his audience, "If Ger-
many, when she had a strength of 10
to 1 against England, had only a 15
per cent chance of crossing the Eng-
lish Channel, how enormous are the

Manpower
Aid Hailed
by Ruthven
President Alexander G. Ruthven
yesterday personally commended
and congratulated the Manpower
Mobilization Corps in an Armistice
Day message.
The text of Dr. Ruthven's mes-
sage follows:
1 s"I take this opportunity to con-
gratulate the Manpower Mobiliza-
r ton Corps on its activities. The
Corps is naturally working under
difficulties. The acceleration in the
programs of instruction and in phy-
sical education makes unusual de-
mands on the time of the students.
That the Corps has directed sev-
eral projects with success speaks
both for the energy and enthusiasm
of its members and the interest and
. determination of the student work-
ers."
The University, calling the Corps
"the Minutemen of the Campus,"
praised the Corps in a full-page
advertisement that is on page eight
of today's Daily.
Midw est Gas
Ban Postponed
Dec. 1 Is New Date;
Rations May Be Cut
WASHINGTON, Nov. 10.- (A')-
Gasoline rationing in the 31 states
not now under ration control will be
postponed from Nov. 22 to Dec. 1,
OPA spokesman said today, while
Secretary of the Interior Ickes warned
that a .cut in the four-gallon value of
ration coupons in the East may be
necessary.
The postponement of rationing in
the West and Midwest is necessary
because of hitches in the distribution
of coupon books and forms over the
country, OPA said. Ickes issued an
extraordinary appeal to Eastern mo-
torists, stating that unless civilian
consumption is cut voluntarily to the
irreducible minimum, he could "see
no way in' which we can supply
-enough gasoline to maintain the
present value of coupons."
AEF Requirements 'Enormous'
Oil requirements of the American
Expeditionary Force in North Africa
will be "enormous," Ickes said in his
capacity as Petroleum Coordinator
for War, and the country's ability to
keep supplies flowing to that war
front and to Great Britain is "largely
dependent upon cutting down our
consumption here."
An OPA official whose name must
be withheld said one of the prime rea-
sons for the general postponement of
rationing was the fact that 20 tons
of coupon books were held up at the
airport in Oakland, Calif., having
been denied cargo space priority over
shipments of other goods. Some of
these books, it was stated, still are
waiting in Oakland, a primary distri-
bution point for western states.
Registration Dates Delayed
In addition to the postponement of
actual rationing in the West and
Midwest, some states have announced
delay in the dates of registration at
public school houses. OPA regional
offices were authorized to order de-
lays from Nov. 12-14 inclusive to Nov.
18-20 in areas where books and forms
were not being received in time to
meet the earlier registration dates.
* * *

Where U.S. Forces Push Second Front

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Major developments in French North Africa in cluded: On the west coast of Morocco losses were
inflicted on the Vichy Navy at Casablanca (1), with U.S. landings at Adadir, Mogador and Safi; Tunis (3)
granted the U.S. forces permission to pass through French Tunisia (dotted arrow), apparently to strike
eastward toward the Axis force retreating from Egypt; North Coast of Algeria (2), Algiers and Oran,
captured.
Beet Workers La bornMud, Icy Wind
- - - - -- -

Advancing Forces Seize 500 Miles
of Coastline as Offensive Continues
LONDON, Nov. 10.-k)-United States Expeditionary Armies wiped
out effective resistance along 500 miles of Africa's western Mediterranean
coast today with conquest of Oran, Algeria's second city, and a German
report said the Bey of Tunis had granted President Roosevelt's request. for
the passage of American troops to Axis Libya.
On the Atlantic coast the resistance of Casablanca, chief city of Mor-
occo, was fast crumbling under all-out naval and air assault by U.S. Rear
Admiral H. K. Hewitt's heavy warships and dive-bombers and from Ameri-
can armored columns which had infiltrated the city's eastern suburbs with
tanks.
Rabat, the normal seat of French power in Morocco, on the coast above
Casablanca, evidently was isolated and evacuated by the Vichy com-
mander, Gen. Auguste Nogues. .
, Hence it appeared that in a matter of hours the United States Armies
would be in effective control of all French North Africa, save for Eastern
Algeria and Tunisia.
American contingents evidently were well on their way to Libya, either
through Tunis or around it, although the report of the Bey's acquiescence
was received with some reservetihere, lest it be merely an attempt to justify
the movement of Axis troops into Tunisia.
Time and time again today, Vichy's radio insisted that "all is calm" in
eastern and central Algeria and Tunisia.- Some broadcasts, however, re-
ported fighting at Blida, 25 miles in-
land from Algiers.
r To S d Deep in the desert from conquered
Algiers, American columns were re-
En isted M enported strikingsoutheast on a
Enuste i M enstraight line toward Axis Tripoli, in-
S. tending to by-pass the main defenses
to U niverstiesof Tunisia and deal finally with the
German-Italian enemy -in Africa,
Darlan Is Prisoner
War Department Plan The chief of all the Vichy armed
To Open about Feb. 1 forces, Admiral Jean Darlan, was def-
initely a prisoner of Gen. Dwight D.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 10.- (M)- A Eisenhower at Algiers, receiving, in
War Department plan for sending the words of an Allied spokesman,
thousands of uniformed soldiers to "all the consideration due his rank."
college, with an active duty status, to Old Marshal Petain, stubbornly re-
meet Army and possibly civilian re- peating his order for resistance, took
quirements for specialists and other over the disorganized and melancholy
college trained men was announced defense of all French North Africa
on the House floor today by Repre- that is left to the Vichy elements.
sentative Sparkman (Dem. - Ala.), There were rumors that Germany
military committee member. 5 had loaned him Field Marshal Erwin
The men would be under military von Witzleben, one-time attacker of
control, the Army would prescribe the Maginot Line, and that the Ger-
their courses and pay the costs of man Marshal had reached North Af-
their schooling, Sparkman said. rica to act as Vichy Field Coi-
This program is expected to be ini- mander.
tiated about Feb. 1, 1943. Principal Americans Infiltrate Outskirts
courses would include medical train- Official Allied headquarters ac-
ing, engineering and science. counts of the fall of Oran said that
No estimate was given by the army the American forces, with tanks, field
of the number of men to be affected, artillery and mortars, had begun to
but one educator privately "guessed" infiltrate the outskirts at 7:30 a.m.
at 100,000. in a general attack.
Turn to Page 6, Col. 1

By ROBERT PREISKEL and
ROBERT MANTHO
Special to The Daily
CARO, Mich., Nov. 10.- Student
beet pickers backed up a "no, we're
here to work" answer made to farmers
who wanted to keep them indoors to-
day by pulling and topping beets for
'eight hours in weather "that would
have chased ordinary hired hands out
of the fields." And because bad wea-
ther slowed them down almost a day,
most of the beet workers intend to
take advantage of the University's
offer "to stay another day and clean
up the sugar beets."
Plenty of Rain
It rained all night here and early
this morning the rain turned to sleet.
But students got up before daylight
"to do a bang up job" of harvesting
beets that would have rotted in the
ground before two more weeks.
143 of them worked in ankle deep
mud on 27 farms here, piling white
sugar beets in neat stacks while an
icy wind from Saginaw Bay whipped
sleet around their ears, mud, thick
and sticky and heavy, covered work
pants and windbreakers, slopped over
ankles, clung tight to rubbers, and]

made "slewfooted" students wish they
had snowshoes on.
Farmer Harry Rohlfs said of the
Manpower volunteers that "they were
all green but the spirit was good
enough to do a real swell job here,"
and that opinon was seconded by ev-
ery farmer who reported to Bob John-
son, Manpower field man stationed
here.
For many of the students it was
their first contact with farm work.
At Joe Knepper's farm near Cass City,
students refused to call it a day after
their hours and Farmer ,Knepper had
to plead with them to a fit. Weary
Manpower Corps workers now
harvesting sugar beets in the
Thumb area can stay there through
Thursday, instead of Wednesday as
previously planned, University offi-
cials decided yesterday. The day's
extension was granted to make up
for time lost by Monday's heavy
rain.
students said afterwards that the
"work is pretty tough but it's our best
chance so far to help win the war-
and we mean to do a good job."
For farmers here this spirit is some-
tMing new. Usually they have to argue
with their men and "keep pushing
them" every day, in one farmer's
words.I
At Farmer Gray's farm near here,
most of University volunteers are
from New York. One of them had
never seen a farm before in his life
and when the day's work in the field
was over he led the rest of the gang
down to the barn to "help with
chores." In the process, he dropped a
bag of grain and spilling its contents
all over floor, muttered: "The farmers

House P asse
18-19 Draft Bill,
WASHINGTON, Nov. 10.- ()-
Backing up the War Department, the
House overwhelmingly gave its final
approval today to teen-age draft
legislation stripped of a proposal that
would have required at least a year
of training before 18 and 19-year-old
draftees could be sent into combat.
On a voice vote it approved and
sent to the Senate for expected accep-
tance Thursday a compromise worked
out by a Senate-House committee
after the two branches had split on
the training requirement originally
written into the legislation by the
Senate.
The compromise, intended to break
a deadlock of almost a month's dura-
tion, left in the legislation provisions
for the deferment of essential farm
workers and high school students and
for the exemption from the draft of
men who have passed their 45th.
birthday, provided they do not wish
to be drafted.
Original Proposal Out
It eliminated an original House pro-
posal that would have put drafting
on a statewide instead of a local board
basis. This section had been written
into the bill by the House to prevent
married men within the jurisdiction
of one board from being drafted while
there were available single men in the
reserve pools of other boards in the
same state. The conferees struck it

deserve 110 per cent parity after this
one."
Out to protect students all the way,
the Manpower Corps caused the
transfer of six workers from one -farm
to another today after they com-
plained of "potatoes for breakfast, for
lunch, for supper, all the time pota-
toes."
Six men working at Lounsbury farm
just out of Cass City liked the work
well enough to offer their pay to Mr.
Lounsbury.
Good Work by All-
Hack Kellner, field man at Cros-
well, reported that conditions there
are the same as here. He said that the
"fellows worked well although they
were hampered by the weather."
In St. Louis the weather is even
worse. Field man Dick Dick reported,
"It was so bad here, that the men had
to quit after a couple of hours."
Bob Wendling's report from Lan-
sing was more favorable. There stu-
dent laborers put in a full day.
Mounting, Jap
Setbacks Seen
WASHINGTON, Nov. 10.-(R)-The
Japanese will have an increasingly
difficult time from now on in rein-
forcing their troops on Guadalcanal
Island, Lieutenant General Thomas
Holcomb, Marine Corps Commandant,
predicted today upon his return from
an inspection trip to that distant
Pacific battleground.
American Army and Marine forces
defending the Guadalcanal airfield
already outnumber the enemy on the
island, Holcomb said, but the Japs
have been sending in reinforcements
totalling about 900 men every other
day.
"Trying to stop their reinforce-
ments is like punching a feather bed,"
the General said, "as they just send in
more. But I think things are shaping
up. so that there will be more inter-
ruptions to these reinforcements in
the future."
He did not say how the "interrup-
tions" would be brought about-whe-
ther by heavier air or naval action or
a combination of both.
New Guinea Battle
A pproaches Climax
HEADQUARTERS OF GENERAL
MacARTHUR, Australia, Nov. 11.'
(Wednesday)- (A)- The battle for
Oivi, 55 miles from the northeastern
New Guinea coast, between Japanese
and Allied ground forces now is ap-
proaching the decisive stage, the High
r m a ri Aa ,,nr . tviv, t nr a '

British 'Pound
at Axis Armies
, African Corps Faces
Annihilation in Libya
CAIRO, Nov. 10. - ()- Britain's
grimly pursuing Eighth Army poun-
ded on at the tattered remnants of
the Axis Africa Corps inside the Lib-
yan border today, threatening to wipe
out the last of Field Marshal Erwin
Rommel's forces even before the
Americans could close in on them
from the west.
British armor racing to cut off the
wildly fleeing Nazis was expected to
skirt Halfaya Pass in an effort to pin
the survivors against the coast, and
tonight it was thought probable the
pursuing tanks were roaring along in
the vicinity of Tobruk, whence the
British were ousted ignominiously in
Rommel's push last June.
One body of Nazis, caught perhaps
by road blocks as their, comrades
plunged across into Libya, was being
engaged along the coastal road inside
Egypt, between Sidi Barrani and the
border outpost of Salum.
The Allied Air Force operating from
new advance fields has been giving
the enemy no peace as he flees along
the coast road."
Men's Congress Plans
Bomber Scholarship Aid
Twenty-three house presidents of
campus cooperatives and dormitories
met yesterday in the Men's Congress
offices to consider plans for raising
Bomber Scholarship money by asses-
sing house social functions.
Representing upwards of 2,000 un-
affiliated men the presidents met at
the suggestion of the Student War
Board to hear Norton Norris, presi-

New Allied Armada
Grows at Gibraltar
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Nov. 10.- Reports from
France tonight said anotherpowerful
fleet of United Nations warships and
a great number of merchantmen are
gathering at Gibraltar, -while
throughout European waters and in
the Atlantic Naval activities were re-
ported on a vast scale.
Off 'Casablanca h avyweights of
the United States Navy were maneu-
vering, pounding short batteries, cov-
ering landing operations and enga-
ging units of the French ieet.
Reports from the continent said
some of the vessels of that portion of
the French fleetstationed at Toulon
had slipped off into the Mediterra-
nean. There was speculation as to
whether they were heading for the
vicinity of Bizerte in Tunisia, through
which American land forces proposed
to advance on what is left of Field
Marshal Rommel's force in Libya.
Axis Heads Confer
with Laval in Rome
LONDON, Nov. 10.- (P)- Adolf
Hitler and Benito Mussolini were re-
ported in a huddle with Pierre Laval
in Rome tonight, urgently pondering
some desperate counter-stroke to off-
set the smashing American coup in
North Africa which exposed all south-
ern Europe to Allied attack.
The desperation of the situation
facing the Axis chieftains and their
puppet was emphasized by Prime
Minister Churchill's outspoken decla-
ration today that the North African
action was only the preliminary to a
grand assault upon them.
Offieial confirmation of the re-
ported Rome meeting was lacking,
but the so-called architects of the

Michigan Motorists
To Register Nov.18
DETROIT, Nov. 10.- (A)- Regis-
tration of Michigan motorists for gas-
oline ration books was postponed to-
day until Nov. 18, a few hours before
the Office of Price Administration at
Washington announced nationwide
rationing of gasoline would not start
until Dec. 1.
Originally, registration had been
scheduled to begin Thursday, with
actual rationing set for Nov. 22.
Under the revised plans, motorists
will register on Nov. 18, 19 and 20, a
delay of six days from the previous
date, while actual start of rationing

New Action Is Seen
on Russo-Nazi Front
MOSCOW, Nov. 11. (Wednesday)-
(A)- Military operations along the,
Russian front dwindled almost to
skirmish level today and foreign ob-
servers speculated that the Germans
might be re-grouping for a new major
blow at the Red lines now holding
firmly from the Baltic to the Black
Sea.
The heaviest engagement yesterday
was fought along the Black Sea coast
northeast of Tuapse but there the
invaders struck with relatively light
forces and were promptly hurled back,
the Russians said.
In Stalingrad there was sharp
fighting but in comparison with the
masses of troops the Germans were
throwing against the Volga strong-
hold a few weeks ago today's clashes

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