THE MICHIGAN DAILY
RAC; BA4Y, NOV: 7,
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
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NIGHT EDITOR: BUD BRIMMER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Marian Anderson Gets
The Usual Reaction
APPARENTLY encouraged by election day's
Great American Reaction, the DAR have de-
cided that there is still plenty of room in the U.S.
for racial discrimination.
Thus Marian Anderson's contract stipulation
that there be no segregation of races when she
sings in Constitution Hall and that she be al-
lowed to bse the hall on further occasions have
been rejected by the DAR.
So again Marian Anderson won't sing in
Constitution Hall-this time for the relief of
soldiers fighting for democracy. That name
Constitution Hall is ironic.
- Henry Petersen
Roosevelt Should Urge
Indian Freedom Now
THERE is one American who is not afraid to go
where Willkie fears to tread. He is Louis
Fischer. Speaking here Thursday he told us facts
that the British government has been trying to
keep from us for months .. . the Indian people
are united, not divided, in their fight for home
rule . . . the people in a body want British and
American military power to continue their opera-
tions in India.
How united are the United Nations when one
member is afraid to speak up when she sees
injustice in another? Haven't we learned the
folly of isolationism yet?
Now is the time for our leaders to speak or in
the future they will have to forever hold their
peace. Mr. President ... people of America . . . by
your silence you shall be known.
- Charles Bernstein
GALS AND WAR:
Education for Coeds
EVERY Friday afternoon at WAB there is a
class in body conditioning sponsored by the
physical education department for the special
benefit of all women who are not enrolled in
regular physical education classes. This special
class stresses exercises for the general building
up of the body, similar to the type of thing being
done in PEM, and is intended to be used as a
springboard to more individual practice of
healthful exercise, one of the most important
So far there has been an average attendance
of 11 at these classes, which is certainly an
insignificant number when you think of the
number of women on campus who have ful-
filled their one year requirement and are en-
rolled in no physical education class.
The men on this campus are now spending an
average of four and a half hours a week in PEM,
which is essentially a physical preparation for
service in our armed forces. But it would be a
mistake to forget that the women of this country
also' are going to need a high degree of physical
fitness to take over the work on the Home Front,
as they are and will be doing.
F THE MICHIGAN women won't realize how
vital it is to keep their bodies in top notch
DREW h .
WASHINGTON-Economic Stabilizer Jimmy
Byrnes isn't advertising it, but there was a wild-
and woolly wrangle over farm wages when his
Board met behind closer doors at the White
House last week.
Manpower Chief Paul McNutt pounced all
over American Farm Bureau chieftain Ed O'Neal
for opposing higher farm wages. And after Mc-
Nutt finished with O'Neal, Secretary of Agri-
culture Wickard picked up the cudgels and gave
him an even more vigorous verbal spanking.
"When you say that farm prices aren't high
enough to warrant higher wages on the farm,"
McNutt told the Farm Bureau chief, "you simply
are not stating facts. The real fact is that farm
wages have not advanced in proportion to farm
O'Neal countered with a sheaf of Farm Bureau
statistics on wages and parity prices, but McNutt
impatiently demanded, "Let's hear the views of
the Secretary of Agriculture on the subject."
Wickard was already irked at O'Neal for hav-
ing stated in an interview to the Washington
Post that Arizona cotton growers may strike and
refuse to plant any cotton next year rather than
pay 30 cents an hour to Mexican labor. This
higher wage had been agreed upon between the
Mexican Government and the Farm Security
Administration, but Arizona long staple growers
have refused to pay it.
Cotton for Parachutes
"Don't you know," demanded Wickard hotly,
"that statements like yours may cost the lives
of American boys? When you say that cotton
farmers in Arizona may strike, you are endang-
ering our supply of long-staple cotton, vitally
needed for parachutes and balloons"
O'Neal said he meant to bring out that if the
government hiked farm wages beyond the ability
of farmers to make a profit, the Arizona cotton
growers couldn't afford to plant next year. He
did not mean to harm the war effort.
"Well, you do harm the war effort by saying
things like that, whether you mean them or not,"
shot back Wickard. "A man in your responsible
position should exercise some caution in his
remarks to the press."
"It's my job to protect the farmers, and I'm
going to do it to the best of my ability," O'Neal
Director Byrnes, who stepped down recently
from a tranquil life on the Supreme Court, lis-
tened gravely to the verbal fireworks. He said
nothing, but turned his head back and forth
from Wickard to O'Neal like a man following
a tennis ball.
Wickard also censured the farm leader for
publicly stating that the Farm Security Admin-
istration was "trying to force farmers to provide
toilets, baths, hot and cold water, and all that
red tape. stuff".
To this Secretary Wickard replied:
"You're going around trying to create the
impression that the government is guaranteeing
migrant farm workers a life of luxury at the
expense of the farmer. We have to give the
workers some inducements to accept jobs in
agriculture. Certainly the 30-cents-an-hour pay
minimum we are proposing isn't too much when
you consider that the workers can make much
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK-A large number of voters seemed
to say, dimly, on Tuesday, that we are fighting
only because we were attacked. We are fighting
only because of Pearl Harbor. No Pearl Harbor,
and there would have been no war.
The voters certainly seemed to say that in
Illinois, where a majority accepted Senator
Brooks' dreary explanations that it didn't mat-
ter what you thought of the war before Pearl
Harbor, so long as you were against the Japan-
'ese after it.
The voters seemed to accept that story in Ham
Fish's district in New York; and, in a sense, even
in the state-wide governorship campaign, for
by choosing Mr. Dewey they declared them-
selves indifferent to their candidate's long in-
difference to the war issue.
The 'We Were Hit' Theory
It is not that they don't want to beat the
Germans and the +Japanese. They certainly do,
except for a fringe of rabble which certainly
doesn't. But how can one deny, after Tuesday,
that to large numbers of Americans we are
in this war only to hit back at somebody who hit
A certain primitive quality in our approach to
the war seems to show up in the election. It is
no service to hide it. To majorities (though
smaller majorities than ever before) in certain
districts, a candidate's lack of concern over the
rise of fascism is a matter of indifference.
All that matters is that he got good and sore
(oh, well, pretty sore) at Pearl Harbor. The
shortness of Brooks' majority, the extreme short-
ness of Fish's majority, smallest he ever had,
indicate that there are many thousands who
are newly aware of what is going on in the
world and know what time it is. But there are
many thousands of others who, with an incred-
ible kind of nineteenth century simplicity, looked
upon the war strictly as a who-pushed-whom
Nobody's allowed to hit us, is about as far
as their personal foreign policies go.
Anybody who resents a shove is, to these, a
gentleman and a scholar, and the fact that he
may, in advance of the shove, have propagandiz-
ed us into a false sense of security against being
shoved, that he may even have been an apologist
for those who intended to shove us, is a matter
of small concern. k
Is It Bad Luck?
I don't mind the votes for Mr. Brooks and Mr.
Fish nearly so much as I mind the fact that
these are votes for the theory that the war is
an accident; that it could have come or could
not have come; that we have sort of hit a
mess of bad luck, and isn't it a shame.
That's worrisome. For these bland, blank votes
show that we are perhaps not ready to write a
meaningful peace, should we win tomorrow, and
perhaps will have some difficulties in fighting
a meaningful war.'
These votes are, in part, the fruit of that
damaging Chicago Tribune and New York Daily
News kind of propaganda, which is not propa-
ganda against fighting the war, but propaganda
against the values involved in the war, propa-
ganda against the issues wrapped up in the war;
not propaganda against the struggle itself so
much as propaganda against everything that
makes the struggle worthwhile and meaningful.
Mr. Homer Swander,
Daily Managing Editor:+
BOTH on and off the campus of the
University for the last three years,
I have defended the staff and the
policies of The Michigan Daily, even
though I did not always agree with
them, because I felt they were fair,
open-minded, sincere, and above all,
showed good sportsmanship. There-
fore, it was with a great deal of sur-
prise and wonder that I read your
little-boyish remarks in Tuesday's is-
sue. I doubt very much that you will
want to keep this as an example of
good journalism. No matter what
your views are, publishing them as
editor of a paper demands that they
be fair, avoid mud-slinging, and show
conclusive proof of error on the other
party's part. Do you in all honesty
think your four paragraphs do that?
You call the American people,
whom some day you hope to lead
or advise, stupid, blind, disgusting,
and speak of their "unreasoning
-ignorance." You have sat down at
your typewriter and pecked out all
the bitterness and anger you have
felt because things didn't turn out
the way you wanted them to. You
condemn a man in one paragraph
for being an isolationist and in the
next breath show praise for a man
who preached isolation, and then
changed his view publicly only
when it was obvious that the people
he was supposed to be representing
didn't exactly agree with him.
You failed to mention that Ham
Fish did not have the backing of his
own' party members nor the approval
or Dewey. If the men you mentioned
are so harmful to our country's fu-
ture, why didn't you run front-page
editorials, as seems to be your habit
lately, about them instead of little
editorial notes that had a "we know
more but we haven't space to prove
it" attitude? The fact that students
questioned and replied to your edi-
torials about these men showed they
were interested and not "blind" to
what was going on. But did you fol-
low up these signs of interest? No!
That, gentlemen, I might add, is a
Michigan Daily weakness-failure to
follow a story through.
JUST BECAUSE, Mr. Swander, you
were once a typical collegiate man
from a conservative home and com-
munity, it doesn't mean you have to
turn into a bitter, cynical, worldly
young man simply because you have
interviewed a few liberals and taken
political science courses! I can't un
derstand how you desire to help the
American people when, even before
you really get going, you called them
names and act as if you didn't be-
lieve in anyone or anything. If you
fell so disillusioned concerning your
country's people already, what are
you going to be like ten years from
The fact remains, Mr. Swander,
whether you seem to like it or not,
that this is a two-party form of
politics that we live by, where the
people from every walk of life have
a right to express what they think.
You, instead of pledging support in
a crisis, sit back in your corner and
predict "continued war and mis-
ery." What a babyish way of mak-
ing the best of what the majority
I'm not saying that you have no
grounds, in some cases, to express
your concern in good journalistic
style, but it doesn't mean that you're
all right and that millions of other
people are all wrong, without grounds
for their beliefs, and possessing "un-
If I were you, Homer, I wouldn't
be proud of this editorial. It shows
your bitter, unforgiving, cynical side
that you must put aside if you are
to be the great leader that so many
predict you will be some day.
[N CLOSING, may I ask for pub-
lished proof that these men alone,
just elected, care more for "loyal op-
position than for real victory and
Gloria Jeane McVittie
COLLEGIATE AIR POWER ...
WASHINGTON- Tens of thous-
ands of men are learning to fly at
some 600 of the nation's colleges this
year, preparing to serve in Army and
However, not all the pilot trainees
are regular students-college facili-
ties have been opened to all who can
meet requirements of the Civil Aero-
nautics Administration. Any man
who can pass the mental and physical
examinations is eligible, although all
trainees must enlist in the reserve of
the Army or Navy air forces. '
Most Navy reservists are slated to
be combat pilots and must meet the
standard requirements of Naval Avia-
tion Cadet Selection Boards. They
may be college students taking train-
ing under the V-1 or V-5 plans.
To the Editor:
T HAT was a pretty picture of frus-
trated statesmen and chaotic con-
ditions that you painted on Thurs-
day's edit page.
You cry against party voters and
party lines. Did it ever occur to you
that you may show just a little par-
ty prejudice yourselves when you
suppose that the new Republican
congressmen will hinder the Ad-
ministration's war effort? Some
Democrats or Godknowswhat just
can't imagine a Republican doing
anything for his country.
There are two points in particular
that we would like to bring to your
attention. The first is about this man
Ferguson who did nothing but clean
up some petty graft case in a town
called Detroit and defeated Prentiss
Brown, the greatest statesman since
Henry Clay-or so it would seem to
Daily readers. Who knows? By some
outside chance, missed by the emi-
nent leaders of democracy at this
University, Senator Ferguson may
turn out better than you expect.
HESECOND POINT is that Illinois
retained her Republican in the
gubernatorial chair in open defiance
of the Kelly-Nash machine. This will
probably throw the entire Allied war
effort out of kilter, and is without a
doubt the greatest news Hitler has
had since The Daily editorials on
President Ruthyen stopped appearing.
In closing, we honestly hope that
the Manpower Corps continues to
function. But what will you do if the
Republicans in the state offices hear
-James B. Jackson
Willard A. Heard
L. R. Burnett
Mr. Homer Swander
Daily Managing Editor:
YOUR editorial of Nov. 4 reminde
me of a little boy who was weepin
because someone had nearly take
his candy from him. Just because ove
half of the American voting publi
who of course could not have yot
intelligence, voted in opposition I
the New Deal and its candidates, yo
feel justified in calling the voters Att
pid, blind, and unreasoningly ignoi
ant. This, sir, is a gross mistake.
The past election was not only a
victory for the Republican Party
but was the first sign that the peo-
ple are awakening to the faults 1
the New Deal. If this is not the rea
son for the 'up-set' in the. eleetion
how else can the defeat of Senatoa
Clyde Herring of Iowa, a New Dea-
ler from the Vice-President's hooa
state, be accounted for?
You speak of the stupidity of ti
voters, but in my opinion the stup
dity was in Washington before tk
election. It has not been the Repubi
cans who have held up and muddl
the war program, because they ha
not had a majority in either house
Congress since .1932. It has been r
ther the -Democrats who have do
the muddling, as seen by Josh Le
YOU SEEMED to be terribly worri
about the Republicans making
other peace treaty. I feel free to p
sume that your worries come fr
your lack of faith in the intelligen
of the American voters, which
course includes the Republicans.
would like to impress on you, s
that even if your 'stupid Americ
people' lack as good an education
you are offered, I personally feel th
they have something which you nev
will have - common sense. The
'stupid people' are certainly not ides
ists as we have in Washington tod
They are practical, sound, hard won
ers who want that same practc
soundness in their government.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETI
(Continued from Page 2)
the afternoon as previously an-
nounced. The Hill Auditorium box
office will be open from 3 to 5 in the
afternoon, and after 7 o'clock in the
Charles A. Sink, President
The Carillon Recital to be given
7:15-8:00 p.m. on Sunday, November
8, by Professor Price, will include
well-known arias by Handel, Verdi
and Wagner, as well as other music
for the theatre.
Faculty Concert: The first in a
series of three recitals by Gilbert
Ross, violinist, and Mabel Ross Rhead,
pianist, will be given at 8:30 p.m.
Monday, November 9, in Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre, with the presenta-
tion of music by Mozart, Schubert
and Faure. Open to the public.
Organ Recital: George Faxon, In-
structor of Organ in the School of
Music, has arranged ahprogram of
the works of Vivaldi, Bach, Handel,
Brahms and Jongen, as well as mod-
ern American composers for 4:15
p.m. Wednesday, November 11, in Hill
Auditorium. The public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Two sequences of colored
multiple wood block prints by Harry
Bartoia, Cranbrook Academy of art;
glass cases, ground fluor corridor,
Architecture Building. Open daily, 9
to 5 except Sunday through Nov. 14.
The pu.b;c is invited.
The Post-War Council will meet
at 12:30 p.m. today in the Union.
Varsity Glee Club: All members
will meet backstage on the second
floor, West Rehearsal Hall of Hill
Auditorium at 3:00 p.m. Sunday, Nov.
8. Informal dress.
Women's Glee Club will meet at
Morris Hall on Sunday, Nbv. 8, at
8:00 a.m. Be on time.
Michigan Outing Club will have a
hike on Sunday, November 8, leaving
Hill Auditorium at 9:00 a. m. All stu-
dents are welcome. For further infor-
mation call Dorothy Lundstrom (2-
4471) or Dan Saulson (2-3776).
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
Sunday morning service at 10:30.
Subject: "Adam and Fallen Man."
Sunday School at 11:45 a.m.
Dedication of Page Hall; 5:00 pr
H-Square Club, Page Hall; 6:45 p.
Freshman Discussion Group, Harm
Hall; 7:30-8:15 p.m. Canterbu
Club, Harris Hall. Speaker: The Re
Robt. L. DeWitt, of Christ Churc
Cranbrook. Subject: "What Maki
Memorial Christian Church (Di,
10:45 a.m. Morning worship. T
Rev. Frederick Cowin, Minister.
7:00 p.m. Guild Sunday Even
Hour. The Disciples and the Co'
gregational students will hold a jo
meeting at the Congregation
Church. Dr. H. C. Colburn of Yp
lanti will speak on, "The Church
the Pilgrims Today." A social ho
and tea will follow.
First Congregational Church:
At the 10:45 morning service
L. A. Parr's subject will be "Takia
7:00 p.m. A joint meeting of t
Congregational Student Fellowsb
and the Disciples' Guild. Dr. Har
Colburn of Ypsilanti, speaker. T
theme "The Church of the Pilgrl
Monday at 3:30 p.m. Dr. Parr
begin a new series "Fortnightly Bo
Lectures" with reviews of rec
First Presbyterian Church:
sermon by Dr. W. P. Lemon.
Bible Class for University Stude
at 8:30 a.m. under the direction
Mr. Malan and Mr. Lampe. "A H
mony of the Gospels" is the topic
study. This is a beginning session
Westminster Student Guild-6
p.m. luncheon and fellowship h
Professor Preston W. Slosson spe
at 7:00 p.m. on "The Various Ty
Unitarian Church: Sunday 11
Dr. Curtis Reese, Dean of Ab'
ham Lincoln Centre, Chicago,
Lutheran Student Chapel:
Alfred Scheips, Pastor.
Sunday at 11:00 a.m. Divine Se
ice in Michigan League Cha
Sunday at 5:30 p.m. Supper m
ing of Gamma Delta, Lutheran S
dent Club, at St. Paul's Church,
Liberty at Third. Discussion, "
About the Wartime Marriage?
Trinity Lutheran Church serv
will be held at 10:30 a.m. Sung
Rev. H. 0. Yoder speaking on "Ca
ness and Faith Amid Confusion
meaning aside from the fact we were
hit. There could be no more danger-
ous approach; for, if the war is es-
sentially meaningless, then a mean-
ingless settlement might someday be