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October 28, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-10-28

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VOL. LIY No. 21 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCT. 28, 1942

PRICE FIVE CEN4TS

Allies Win
Positions
In Africa

IFC Men Run Into Snag
In Scrap GatheringRace
Men's Congress Predicts Turnout To Put To Shame
Yesterday's Efforts Of Fraternity Salvagers

British
Axis
After

Troops Penetrate
Lines In Desert
Engaging Tanks

Sea Battle Rages
In Mediterranean
By The Associated Press
CAIRO, Oct. 27.- The British 8th
Army, under the constantly roaring
offensive support of the Allied air
arm, broke further inside the main
Axis desert positions today on a major
maneuver calculated to funnel the
armored columns to a decisive en-
gagement with enemy tanks.
So far the slugging showdown be-
tween the heavy ground forces had
not begun after four days of fierce
fighting for position on the initiative
of the Allied forces.
Infantry Active
Minor tank engagements were re-
ported, but they were inconclusive,
and the preparatory tasks were left
in the main to the infantry, which
was clearing away a maze of obstacles
over miles of sandy minefields and
entanglements, and to the air forces
which have been hammering relent-
lessly for a week or more at the Axis
forward positions.
The British communique did not
mention tanks, reporting merely that
Allied forces had extended their sali-
ent into the Axis defenses with the
obvious intention of pushing along
the armored units for a wide-open
contest with Rommel.
The Allied Air Forces were so com-
pletely in command of the air on land
and sea that they did extra duty
against Axis counter-attacks on the
ground.
Down 20 Planes
In all the intensified battle of the
Mediterranean yesterday the Allies
downed more than 20 planes at the
cost of 10 of their own. Sixteen of the
Axis craft were shot down over the
desert, two more while trying to cover
enemy sea transport along the coast
and three more in the remote but
vital fighting over Malta.
A mixed air force of Americans,
British and South Africans caught an
enemy convoy trying to slip along the
coast from Dermna to Tobruk yester-
day and delivered a concentrated at-
tack with high-level, medium and
fighter-bombers.
Damage Listed
A tanker burst into flames and a
large merchantman carrying supplies
to the desert front blew up under
bomb and torpedo hits. Other un-
specified damage was inflicted on the
convoy, which was escorted by four
destroyers and many planes. Two
Heinkels were shot down and two oth-
ers were damaged.
Of the 16 Axis planes shot down
over the desert yesterday, six were
victims of American airmen, and in
the desert engagements alone the Al-
lied losses were four planes.
Four Italian Macchi 202's were shot
down by American fighter pilots pa-
troling south of El Daba.
Miss Swarthoutt
To Sing Here
Opera Star Will Premier
New Suite Tomorrow
Included in the program to be pre'
sented by Gladys Swarthout at 8;30
p.nm. tomorrow in Hill Auditorium will
be the first performance of a new
suite for voice and piano composed
by Clarence Olmstead.
The suite, entitled "Time," com-
prises five parts, named for months
of the year. These parts in turn cor-
respond to portions of a day, the
suite tracing the year from its
"Dawn" in December to the "Mid-
night" of November.
According to the composer, Clar-
ence Olmstead, his plan was "to write
something . . . that would give a
singer the chance to project a variety

of moods, to show the different facets
of a well-trained voice, to give the
accompanist something of interest to
get his teeth into in a variety of
rhythms and key changes, and the
audience a continuous stream of mu-
sic that they would be interested in
following . ."
Miss Swarthout's program will in-
chide thirteen selections in addition
to the new suite, all of which, ac-
cording to Dr. Charles A. Sink, pres-
ident of the University Musical So-
ciety, "combine to make up an ex-

The Interfraternity Council's cam-
paign to turn in more scrap than so-
rorities in the all-campus scrap drive
struck a snag yesterday when only a
handful of members took the day off
for salvaging scrap under the direc-
tion of the University's Building and
Grounds department.
Total of salvage work completed by
the IFC was slightly more than two
tons,
When word of this reached Norton
Norris, president of Congress, Inde-
pendent Men's Organization, he said:
"Tearfully, fraternities and sorori-
ties must resign themselves to the
fate of ignominious defeat-better
known as second place or also-ran.
"Unity of purpose, dogged determi
nation and sheer weight of manpower
will indubitably place the men in
rooming houses, dorms and co-ops out
in front in the all-out campus scrap
drive."
Meanwhile, Theta Delta Chi, fra-
ternity piled up two tons of scrap in
Commissioner
Will Appraise
Gopher Game
Griffith To Decide Today
On Disputed Field Goal
After Movies Of Action
By BUD HENDEL.
The aftermath of Saturday's Michi-
gan-Minnesota football game reached
a new peak yesterday.
Fritz Crisler Michigan coach 'and
athletic director, still refused cm--
ment last night, saying that if any-
thing is to be done it would have to
be by either Minnesota or the game
officials.
In the meantime: deVelopment.
moved to a swift conclusion,wlh p
final decision on the legality of t4le
Gopher field, goal scheduled ii e
issued today .by Maj. John Griffith,
Commissiner of Western Conference
Athletics.
Controversy Still Rages
Minnesota won the contest, 16-14,
but a controversy still rages as to the
validity of its victory. The deciding
points came on a dropkick field goal
by Bill Garnaas with a second. re-
maining to play of the fitst half, and
popular opinion claims that 'R fers
James Masker allowed the Gophers
a fourth time out without penalty
which gave them the necessary time
to execute the game-winning play.-
In a talk with The Daily last night,
Griffith stated that he would view
motion pictures of the fray today and
issue his decision in the afternoon. He
has no authority to have the game
cancelled or the outcome reversed,
but he can release a statement to the
effect thatMasker erred Saturday.
Griffith has talked to both Crisler
and Dr. George Hauser, coach of the
Gophers, and he has spoken to the
four officials in charge of the game.
Gophers Still The Victors
If Griffith does decide that Masker
made a mistake and that the half
really was over when Garnaas drop-
kicked the vital three points, Minne-
sota still will be the victor. The only
possible way to have the outcome of
the tilt changed is through a forfeit
of the contest by Minnesota. .
Yesterday, The Daily succeeded in
contacting both Hauser and Masker.
Reporters had been unable to talk, to
either until The Daily established
connections over the long distance
wires.
In the conversation with Hauser
The Daily asked: "Did referee Masker
call the dropkick play correctly?' Was
his officiating according to the rules?
Hauser replied: I have no comment.'
The Daily: "Would you have called
it the same way if you were officiat-
ing?"
Hauser: Now listen here, your own

coaching staff isn't making any com-
ment, so why should I?
To this The Daily replied that it
would be against the rules of good
sportsmanship for Michigan to initi-
ate proceedings. Hauser countered by
saying Major Griffith was the only
one to issue any statement..
Then the Daily questioned: "Did
you send in a substitute just before
the dropkick.
Hauser answered: "I did. It was
Jerry Mulready. Garnaas entered the
game two plays previous.".
To which The Daily put the prime
question: "Did Minnesota have three
time outs when Mulready entered the.
game?" -

the first two days of the campaign
and promised to hit five tons by the
end of the week.
Lambda Chi-Alpha fraternity re-
ported that it has a large pile of scrap
outside the city and an old car ready
to roll "right up to the front door
of theManpower Corps."
Hospital Volunteers
And in response to a call for volun-
teers to work as orderlies, laboratory
assistants and storeroom attendants
An emergency meeting of all
Wolverines will be held at 1 p. m.
today in front of the library.
-Bunny Crawford
in University Hospital, the following
men volunteered to serve every
Wednesday for the rest of the semes-
ter:
Bill Matthews, Ray Barnett, Var-
skin Madarian, Robert Davis, Leo Lit-
wak, Rill Johnston, Hank Shafer,
Davi4 McFarland, William Parman-
ter, Robert Daniel Fred Biltz, Sheldon
Sevelair, W, B., Redman, Bob New-
man, Bill Rese, Philip Sanford, Shel-
don Blakeman and Norm Schaeffer.
Other men will be assigned to serve
in the hospital for every day in the
week.
Apple Pickers Needed
A call came in for additional apple
pickers at 11 a. m. yesterday and by
1:15 p. m. 16 men were transported
out to the Soffe farm in Milan for an
afternoon's work.
There :has also been a request by
CDVO for students to work from 2
to 5 p. m. and from 7 to 10 p. m. every
day next week for fuel and gas ration-
ing.
A special class for these volunteers
will be held at 7 p. m. tomorrow in the
Rackham Amphitheatre for instruc-
tion in iationing duties. All those in-
terested in volunteering can call Bob
Allen, telephone 23-20-5.
a Sats L
NEW YORK, Oct. 27.- (M)- Sec-
retary of the Navy Knox said tonight
that the Navy had "hit the enemy
some savage blows and we have just
begun to fight," but declared at a
Navy Day dinner I at although ships,
aircraft knd train d men were coming
faster now, it was not fast enough to
do a "vast, world-wide job."
In his speech, prepared for delivery
over a nationwide Mutual Broadcast-
ing System hookup from the Waldorf-
Astoria Hotl, Knox summed up U.S.
accomplishments in the tenth month
of war. b saying:
"We are producing merchant ships
faster than the enemy can sink them,
and he isn't sinking them so fast any-
more, ditler.'
"We aren't producing aircraft and
bombs. and trained crews in such
quantity that Germaiy no longer has
unchallenged mastery of the air."
But he also declared:
"I shall not belabor you with statis-
tics. I only say that ships and aircraft
and trained men are coming faster
and faster now, but still not fast
enough and we have a long way to go
to do properly our vast, world-wide
job of patrolling,, of escorting and of
fighting on all the seas."
Knox asserted that "as the first
year of our ordeal draws to a close
we seem to be coming to the realiza-
tion that strategy and military opera-
tions are a job for experts in posses-
sion of all the facts, and our ranks,
130 million strong, are closing up be-
hind the Commander-In-Chief and
our military leaders."

AP Protests
Accusations
Of Monopoly
Asserts Its Right Of Free
Material Distribution
To Chosen Associates
Refuses To Grant
Uniform Service
By The Associted Press
NEW YORK, Oct. 27.- Answering
a Federal anti-trust suit, the Associ-
ated Press denied today that it is a
monopoly and said that "a free press
requires that newspapers shall be
free to collect and distribute news ...
and that they shall be free to choose
their associates in so doing."
The Department of Justice entered
the monopoly charges in a suit asking
the courts to direct A to make its
servicesavailableto anyone able to
pay for them instead of serving a
membership of its choosing on its
present non-profitan cooperative ba-
sis.
AP Answers
In filing its answer in Federal Dis-
trict Court, the association asserted:
"A corollary of the assertion by the
government of the right to determine
who may be associates in collecting
and distributing news is the assertion
by the government of the right to de-
termine what news shall be collected
and distributed and under what con-
ditions. The Congress has never as,
serted any right or power to regulate
newspapers or news agencies in the
collection or distribution of news."
The association further declared
that "the standard of an impartial
and unbiased reporting of the news
which has been achieved by the opera-
tion of AP under the control of its
members, could not survive the tran-
sition of such members to the role of
mere customers purchasing news on a
price basis."
Unbiased Newvs
The AP said that it was organized
to make possible the dissemination of
unbiased news and "the cooperative
character of its organization has been
and is directly responsible for the ac-
complishment of such purpose an4
rendering by AP of a service which
the government itself acknowledges
to be of vital importance to the na-
tional welfare."
The answer of approximately 7,000
words comprised a general denial of
the government's complain of 14,09
words filed in a civil action here
August 28
Rejected Application
Asserting that freedom of the press
was fundamental law and with it the
right of newspapers to choose their
own associates in collecting and dis-
tributing the news, the answer said
"this right is now challenged by the
means of a novel interpretation of the
anti-trust statutes, which is designed
to foster a particular newspaper, to
wit, the Chicago Sun."
The membership application of
Marshall Field's Chicago Sun was re-
jected by a vote of 684 to 287 by AP
members at their latest annual meet-
ing in' April.
FDR Urges
Quick Draft
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.- (P)-
President Roosevelt expressed a hope
at a press conference today that legis-
lation lowering the draft age to 18
would be enacted as soon as possible.
He was asked for comment on a

Senate amendment calling for a
year's training for youths of 18 and
19 before they might be sent into
combat. But the Chief Executive
turned that inquiry aside, remarking
that the real underlying cause now of
delay on the bill was that there was
disagreement between House and
Senate, and the House was unable to
muster a quorum until after the elec-
tion.

Jap Stab At Guadalcanal
Air Base Smashed Back;
Nazis Repulsed In Russia

New Nazi Tank Offensive'
Driven Back By Soviets;
Northwest Area Is Firm
Waves Of Tanks
Crushed By Reds
By HENRY C. CASSIDY
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, Oct. 28. (Wednesday)-
The Russians said today the Germans
had launched a new tank offensive
in one sector in Stalingrad yesterday,
but that all attacks were repulsed
with heavy losses.
The Red Army stopped the offen-
sive in a workers settlement and fac-
tory area of northern Stalingrad yes-
terday after a successful Russian
counterattack had driven the Ger-
mans out of south Stalingrad onto
the bleak steppe below the city.
Attacks Repulsed
The Soviet midnight communique
said that in the new drive the Ger-
mans sent infantry and tanks in "one
attack after another" in an attempt
to break the Russian lines, but that'
the Russians repulsed all attacks.
In this area, the communique said,
more than 900 Germans were killed'
and 11 tanks destroyed.
Heavy fighting also continued
northwest of Stalingrad, where the
Germans launched 20 attacks in a
determined effort to recapture a vil-
lage, which the Russians previously
had taken in a counterattack. The
Soviet forces, however, held firm.
Artillery was especially active. One
Russian unit destroyed four tanks
and 23 fortified points and another
battery destroyed three tanks and
wiped out about a company of infan-
try.
Attempt Breakthrough
In the Black Sea area, the commu-
nique said, German forces made a
desperatedattempt to break through
to a German garrison surrounded by
Red Army troops in a village north-
east of the Port of Tuapse. All the
attacks were repelled.
At another point in this area, Rus-
sian forces were said to have ad-
vanced and improved their positions,
destroying about three companies of;
Germans.
On the northwest front, between
Moscow and Leningrad, the Germans
launched two attacks at one point,
but the Russian lines held, driving
the Germans back to their original
positions.
The main fighting, however, was
in the battered sector of northern
Stalingrad around the workers settle-
ment and the Red October Iron Foun-
dry.
Gun Posts Destroyed
In the latest phase of the counter-
assaults which cleared the southern
industrial section, the Russians were
credited officially with destroying ten
machine gun posts, 26 blockhouses
and dugouts and more than four com-
panies of enemy infantry.
During a six-day battle which pre-
ceded these operations, one Red Army
division was estimated to have de-
stroyed 160 enemy tanks and killed
4,000 Germans and Rumanians.
Dispatches said the German lines
in this sector now lay beyond the low,
rolling hills which rim the southern
edge of Stalingrad more than 150
yards from the city line. Factory
chimneys in the scarred southern sec-
tion continued to smoke.
Mystery Shrouds
Election Literature
Of Campaigners
LANSING, Oct. 27.- ()- Mystery
tonight surrounded the origin of elec-
tion campaign literature setting forth
brief biographical sketches of the Re-
publican and Democratic nominees
for governor, including their religious
affiliations.
John R. Dethmers, Republican
State Chairman, asserted at an infor-

mal press conference in the office of
Attorney General Herbert J. Rushton
the literature "obviously is the work
of some group interested in the re-
election of Governor Van Wagoner,"
the Democratic nominee. Harry F.
Kelly is the Republican candidate
for governor.
Charles S. Porritt, Democratic State
Chairman, declared angrily, "The
Democratic Party positively has no
knowledge of or connection with" the

FDR Approves
Bill To Limit
High Salaries
$25,000 Set As Maximum
In, Drastic Regulation
To Freeze Wages
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.- (AP)-
President Roosevelt today approved
regulations limiting salaries to $25,-
000 a year after certain deductions,
beginning January 1, and asked that
his own annual stipend of $75,000 be
so trimmed despite an exception made
for salaries fixed by federal or state
statute.
The sweeping regulations, issued by
James F. Byrnes, Director of Eco-
nomic Stabilization, were applied to
both private and public salaries, ex-
cept those fixed by statute. They also
froze all salaries and wages up to
$25,000 and disallowed any increases
except those approved by the War
Labor Board or Treasury.
Labor Board In Control
The War Labor Board was given
control over all wages and salaries not,
in excess of $5,000 "where such an
employee is represented by a duly
recognized or certified labor orgai-
zation or where the employee is not,
employed in a bona fide executive,
administrative, or professional ca-
pacity."
"All other salaries come under the
jurisdiction of the Treasury Depart-
ment," said a summary of the regu-
lations issued by Byrnes.
"White Collar" Jobs,
This he interpreted to mean that
the Treasury would pass on salaries
under $5,000 now being paid employes
in executive, administrative, or pro-
fessional jobs, or so-called "white
collar" positions, as Byrnes called
them, and also all salaries over $5,000..
Byrnes said the President had writ-
ten Treasury Secretary Morgenthau
asking that his own $75,000 salary be
limited, despite thesfact that his is
the only federal salary exceeding
$25,000 fixed by statute.
Yankees, Japs
SwapBlows
Lull In Aerial War At End
ReportsCommunique
NEW DELHI, Oct. 27.- (AP)- A
strong force of Japanese fighters and
bombers which struck United States
air fields in the Dibrugarh area of
northeastern Assam province Sunday
killed an American air officer and a
British subject, wounded five Ameri-
cans and destroyed or damaged sev-
eral grounded transport planes, a
United States Army communique dis-
closed today.
The enemy returned yesterday to
strafe the same fields bombed the
day before.
For their part, the American air
forces struck during the week-end at
the enemy in Burma and South China
and, indicating that a heavier swap-
ping of blows was imminent, the offi-
cial announcement said:
"Taking into account other raids,
particularly the recent attack by U.S.
bombers on the Linsi mine north of
Tientsin, the lull in wide range aerial
warfare may be said to have ended
with the monsoon."
The communique singled out Lieut.
Edward M. Nollmeyer of Everett,
Wash., for especial mention for sin-
gle-handedly attacking an entire en-
emy formation during Monday's
enemy attacks and knocking down
one of the raiders without damage to

himself or his plane.
Two of the Sunday raiders were
shot down by United States fighter
planes which rose immediately to en-
gage them and one of the interceptors
also was lost.

Enemy Warships Crippled
As Slash At Field Fails
In Violent Sea-Air Fight
Flying Field Vital
Say Military Men
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.- Ameri-
can troops on Guadalcanal have
beaten back an enemy thrust which
penetrated their lines, while their
fighting comrades in the sea-air
struggle have inflicted heavy damage
on enemy warships, a Navy communi-
que disclosed tonight.
The communique gave this picture
of the fierce and unremitting fight
for the Solomons:
Ashore:
"During the night of October 25-26
(Solomon Islands time) enemy troops
were active on Guadalcanal and suc-
ceeded in piercing our lines on the
south side oil the airfield: Army troops
GEN. MACARTHUR'S HEAD-
QUARTERS, Australia, Oct. 28.-
'P)-- Allied fighter pilots riade a
strafing attack on the Japanese
base at Lae, New Guinea, yesterday,
giving remote support to their em-
battled comrades on Guadalcanal,
900 miles to the southeast.
threw back the attack and regained
their positions. Marine troops were
active on the western flank and re-
ported small gains in heavy fighting."
At sea:
Two Japanese destroyers were
sunk; a battleship was hit; a cruiser
was badly damaged; a destroyer was
damaged. New hits were scored on two
previously damaged cruisers and an
American torpedo found its way into
the hull of a previously damaged
enemy aircraft carrier.
Men Determined
Military men emphasized the ex-
treme importance of the fighting
ashore. Marines and Army men were
apparently determined to hold the
airfield on Guadalcanal at all costs.
This flying field, constructed by and
seized from the Japanese, was called
the key to all the fighting.
Should it be lost, it was said, the
American cause might suffer an ir-
reparable blow for it had a bearing
upon both the land and sea fighting.
Some of the planes which sank or
damaged enemy war vessels were op-
erating from Guadalcanal. In one in-
stance planes believed based there
came quickly to the rescue of two
American minesweepers,, which had
been engaged by three Japanese de-
stroyers near Guadalcanal. Two of the
latter were_ sunk.
Hold Sea Lanes
At sea, the Japanese apparently
had fairly secure control of the sea
lanes in and around the Solomons, for
an enemy destroyer penetrated close
enough to Tulagi Harbor to sink the
U.S. fleet tug Seminole and a harbor
patrol boat-the only American ship
losses announced in tonight's com-
munique.
Otherwise, small task forces-both
American.and Japanese-apparently
were playing hide-and-seek in the
general neighborhood of the Archi-
pelago, and occasionally joining ac-
tion.
Those in a position to know said
that the results of the battle were still
far from conclusive and that it con-
tinued unabated.

1

The People Speak:
County Home Rule Discussed
At First Forum Meeting Here

Michigan Braves
Seize-3 Palefaces
in Tapping Rites
Listen to this tale of romance,
Tale of Indian warrior bold.
In the early moon of green leaves
Came they forth the stoic valiant;
Forth they romped to paleface wigwam,
Wigwam one of friend great chief,
Paleface mighty among his kind;
Came he forth to take their token
Of the, warpath they would tread,
Then.to the mighty oak of Tappan
Dashed the screaming, yelling redmen;
To the tree of Indian legend
When the whitemen pale and trembling
Stood around the mighty oak;
Warriors choice of paleface nation
Choice of tribe to run the gauntlet.
Down the warriors, painted demons,

Exercising their right to ponder
and openly discuss the issues con-
fronting them and their government,
100 local citizens met last night in
Pattengill auditorium, Ann Arbor
High School, for the Ann Arbor Com-
munity Forum's first meeting of the
season which considered proposals on
the Nov. 3 ballot.
With Prof. James K. Pollock of the

tution which change with- time and
custom. The adoption of a new char-
ter in Wayne County might free the
county's government from its strait-
jacket. Its present system of goverrin-
ment has fostered gr'aft and the gen-
eral misuse of funds."
Proposal No. 3, asking for the cre-
ation of a milk marketing board for
the State, was discussed by Harold J.

OPA To Squelch Illicit
Nylon Hose Enterprise

I

WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.-(I)-The

i

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