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September 29, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-09-29

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Weather
Warmer

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Editorial
Getting School Loyalty
At 75 Cents Per Throw

VOL. LI No. 1 36 PAGES ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, SEPT. 29, 1942

PRICE: FIVE CENTS

Educate For Life,

Not Death,

Warns

President Ruthven

Tells Freshmen To Work
Hard During Stay Here
As WarKeynotes Talk
1820 Frosh Hear
Welcoming Speech
A warning by President Alexander
G. Ruthven to "get an education for
life not for death" keynoted the we -
come to the University's 1820 fresh-
men last night in Hill Auditorium.
"You will be taught to kill," said
Ruthven, "but insist also upon learn-
ing how to live."
Stressing that a democracy is only
successful with an intelligent citi-
senry, Ruthven called upon the en-
tering freshmen "to work hard dur-
ing your stay here, however long or
short this may be."
"War-Dirty Business"
"We are engaged in the dirty bus-
iness of war," he declared. "You did
not start the conflict, but you will
have to carry it on."
Ruthven reminded his audience not
tf torget its duty of deciding upon the
type of post-war world and of admin-
istering that world. "Even in war-
time," he insisted, "preparedness
should be broader than just for fight
In another address before the first
asembly of the campus orientation
week, Dean Joseph A. Bursley ad-
nonished the freshmen to remember
that they were here because of the
Acrif ices made. by the young men
and women in all the far-flung battle
a'eas of the'worli.
'Suffering Before Victory'
"You are here on borrowed time,"
he explained. He emphasized that
m ny sacrifices and more suffering
can be expected before victory is won.
Describing the University's war-
streamlined education, Dean Bursley
cited the fact that the three semester
plan and its resulting possibility of
graduation within 32 months made it
impossible for him to dub the enter-
ing freshmen the "Class of '46."
To strengthen the war effort of the
students while still in school, he re-
quested "fewer and simpler dances
and more red cross work and PEM."
Dean Lloyd Welcomes Ceds
Miss Alice Lloyd, Dean of Women,
welcomed with great pride "the larg-
est class of women ever to come to
the University of Michigan." She re-
called the entrance of the first wo-
man into the University in February
of 1870 and the old fears of University
men and University authorities that
"with education women might want
to smoke and wear trousers."
After the program of speakers the
new freshmen were introduced. to
Michigan cheers and the traditional
Michigan songs by the cheerleaders
and Prof. David Mattern of the
School of Music aided by a section of
the Varsity Glee Club.
Freshman Notes ...
Crowds wending their way to Hill
Auditorium last night were spotted
for the first time in many years by
the traditional freshman "pots." Un-
like the grey ones of earlier vintage,
the new pots are in the maize and
blue colors.
The contrast between the present
tense war situation and the free and
easy attitude of the peacetime years
not so long ago was reflected in the
somber tones assumed by the speak-
ers of the evening.
Freshmen were complaining out-
side Hill Auditorium after the meet-
.ing because of the predominance of
upperclass "wolves" who were taking
names and telephone numbers of the
coeds with carefree abandon.
Shansi Province
Flood Kills 3,000

CHUNGKING, Sept. 28- ()- A
mighty wave six to 20 feet deep
sw rled'in a flood over eastern Shansi
Province from the Yellow River late
in August, leaving 3,000 dead and
40,000 homeless, belated dispatches
said today.I
As the waters subsided they left a
layer of mud two or three feet deep
and a, famine is threatened as a re-
sult of the loss of crops. Dispatches
estimated the damage at 96,000,000
Chinesed n11 A r n.Al 1w6-mile strin

DR. ALEXANDER G. RUTHVEN
Administration
Act To Assign
Jobs Proposed
Compulsory Appointment
Of Men Where Needed
Is IndicatedBy McNutt,
WASHINGTON. Sept. 28- ()-
War manpower chief Paul V. McNutt
indicated today that an administra-
tion proposal for a national service
act, which might empower the gov-
ernment to make compulsory assign-
ments of workers to jobs where they
are most needed, would be submitted
to Congress soon.
Testifying before the house agri-
culture committee inquiring into farm
labor shortages, he said, "Persuasion
is not enough and there's not suffi-
cient patriotic urge" to deal with the
manpower problem.
Legality In Doubt
"I hope in the very near future that
certain recommendations will be
made," he added. "It is not an easy
task. We have never hadnsuch legis-
lation. Certain Constitutional ques-
tions are involved."
McNutt told the committee that
one way to keep labor on the farm
was to narrow the differential be-
tween farm and industrial wages, by
raising the level of farm wages.
Asked by a committee member
whether this would result in raising
farm prices, he replied, "It would
seem to follow, logically."
Asked later by newspaper men if
this could be construed as approval
of the farm bloc fight on Capitol Hill
to raise farm parity computations for
inclusion of labor costs, he said, "I
don't intend to det into that."
Farmers: Till Or Fight
Another witness, Maj. Gen. Lewis
B.,Hershey, selective service director,
suggested that able-bodied agricul-
tural workers be given the choice of
tilling the soil or fighting.
To remedy the growing farm labor
shortage, he proposed that any physi-
cally fit, draft-age man who leaves
the farn, for a higher-paying city j, -'
be immediately inducted into the mil-
itary service.
"I am perfectly willing to do this,"
he told the committee, but explained
that he was an operating agency and
the decision to take such action would
have to be made by policy-makers.

ROTC Basics
Set To Serve
ArmyTerm'
Basement Of East Quad
Houses Miniature
West Point
Forty basic ROTC students, com-
manded by three cadet officers, will
move into the bare-walled military
barracks of the east quadrangle to-
day, prepared to live the semester
under a strict military supervision
that will require military passes
even for dates.
A West Point in miniature, the
barracks were organized by Cadet-
Col. Charles M. Thatcher, '43. The
purpose of the experiment, which
has received the full support of
University officials, is to give train-
ing far stiffer than that ordinarily
received in ROTC. If the plan is
successful, an entire dormitory may
be taken over next semester.
Live By Bugle
The student soldiers have shelved
Joe College for the duration
They'll wear uniforms seven days
a week and they'll figuratively live
by the bugle-reveille in the morn-
ing and lights-out and taps at
night.
They'll have liberty granted by
pass only, and to get that pass,
they must be caught up on their
studies and have no demerits. Al-
though the barracks will be admin-
istered entirely by students, de-
merits won't be hard to get. Cadet-
Capt. Robert L. Brigham, senior
officer of the group from Lancas-
ter, N. Y., says that demerits will
be given in periodic and special
inspections, for "Joe College" stuff,
and for laxness in obeying regula-
tions.
Once a soldier has demerits or
is behind in his work, his time is
not his own. He must use his "spare
time" to catch up in school and
work off the black marks. Unless
the soldier has a clean slate, even
the short spans between classes are
not free to use as he wishes.
A large recreation room in Hins-
dale Mouse and the Grotto room in
Prescott House will each house 20
men. Every man will be supplied
with a bed, chest of drawers and a
-clothes locker. "A tudy room is sit-
uated between the sleeping quar-
ters. The unit will eat their meals
in the regular dormitory dining
rooms, although the cadet officers,
who are directly responsible to Ca-
det-Col. Thatcher, will live separ-
ately in an adjoining room. Room-
rates will be $40 per semester as
compared with approximately $75
for regular students.
24-Hour Sentry Duty
There will be a full-bodied mili-
tary flavor around the barracks.
Armed sentries will guard the sin-
gle entrance 24 hours a day. And
noncommissioned officers, appoin-
ted directly from the 20 freshmen
and 20 sophomores who volun-
teered for "West Point," are going
to show the University what made
sergeants famous.
The West Pointers can be spotted
easily, whether they are marching
to dinner or drill or simply attend-
ing classes. They will be wearing
new uniforms-olive drab trousers,
olive drab jackets with blue lapels,
tan shoes and overseas caps. "Civ-
ies" are in order only for a week-
end at home and occasionally for
dates, and even then a pass is re-
quired.
All second semester freshmen or
sophomores interested in trying
out for the editorial staff of The
Michigan Daily are invited to at-
tend organizational meetings at
4 p.m. either Thursday or Friday

in the Student Publications Bldg.l

35 M.P.H. Top
Proclaimed
For Thursday
State SpeedEnforcement
Ordered By Governor;
Rushton Doubts Power
'Will Only Warn'
Is Police Answer
WASHINGTON, Sept. 28- (JP)-
Gasoline rationing on a nationwide
basis probably will cut the mileage
of the average passenger car close
to the 5,000-mile annual limit rec-
onmmended by the Baruch omit-
tee, Director Leon Henderson of
the Office of Price Administration
reported tonight.
LANSING, Sept. 28-(P)--Governor
Van Wagoner, proclaiming a state of
emergency, today ordered a 35 miles
an hour speed limit enforced on
Michigan highways effective Thurs-
day, although Attorney General Her-
bert J. Rushton has held formally the
state lacks power to make the rule
stick.
The governor instructed the State
Highway Department and State Po-
lice to collaborate in a joint order
fixing the speed limit on state high-
ways, asked country road commis-
sions to take similar action on county
roads, and municipalities to impose
it by ordinance if traffic moved faster
on any of their streets and highways.
Limited Area Rulings
Rushton has held the State Police
and highway department may fix
speed limits only in limited areas in
the interests of safety, and that the
law is not sufficiently broad to per-
mit them to issue a blanket order for,
the state in interests of national de-I
fense.
Van Wagoner said he acted at re-
quest of the Office of Defense Trans-
portation, entirely aware a test suitI
might result if someone violated his
order. He added he was looking to
"motorists of Michigan to accept the
responsibility of cooperating in this
important phase of the war effort."1
Warnings, Not Arrests.
Oscar G2i Olander, State Police
commissioner, said he would simply
instruct his officers to stop and warn,
motorists traveling in excess of the
limit on the open road, "until a def-
inite policy has been determined
upon. This came up rather suddenly,
and we must study just what is in-
volved."
G. Donald Kennedy, state highway
commissioner, said the 1,100 new
speed limit signs would be set up by
Thursday night.
The speed limit is companion to
gasoline rationing, expected to be im-
posed federally within a short time,
possibly in November.
"We will need a lot of cooperation
from the motorists," the governor de-
clared, "and I am sure they will co-
operate patriotically. They will be
under a sort of honor system."
Cooperation Asked
He pointed out public help was
needed because police forces seem in-
adequate to undertake rigid enforce-
ment, especially in view of loss of
State Police manpower to the armed
forces. Motorists will be asked to un-
derstand that the limit is to conserve
tires needed for prosecution of the
war, he said.
Expressing a hope courts would
deal severely with violators, Van
Wagoner said he was exploring his
own emergency powers to determine
whether he could, in a supplemental
order, strengthen the speed limit.
Van Wagoner announced he was

asking the State Insurance Depart-
ment to determine whether, in view
of slower speeds and less traffic, rates
on automobile insurance should be re-
duced because of the reduced oppor-
tunity for serious accident.
Allied Troops,
Fliers Strike
In New Guinea
GEN. MACARTHUR'S HEAD-
QUARTERS, Australia, Sept. 29
(Tuesday)-(P)- Allied ground for-
ces in the Owen Stanley mountains
of New Guinea have now taken the
initiative against advance Japanese
troops and "are making progress," a
communique said today.
The action, described as an infil-
trating and outflanking attack, took
place on Ioribaiwa Ridge, about 32
miles north of the Allied base at Port
Moresby where the Japanese advance
through the mountains was halted
about two weeks ago.

Crack Russian

Defenses

Northwest Of Stalingrad

Fresh German Divisions

Freshman Class Goes To 'Pots';
Non-Purchasers Hail 46 Spirit
Wolverines Sell Caps At 75 Cents Per; Deny They
Forced Frosh To Buy-Only 'Suggested' It

Red High Command Again
Acknowledges Enemies'
NumericalSuperiority
Soviets Advancing
On Central Front
By EDDY GILMORE
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, Tuesday, Sept. 29. -
Two fresh German infantry divisions
and 150 tanks thrown into the fal-
tering assault on Stalingrad crashed
through Russian lines on the north.
western outskirts of the city yester-
day and the Soviet High Command

By DAN BEHRMAN
Freshman pots, hitherto vanished
symbols of pre-war Collegiana, re-
turned to this campus yesterday as
more than 1500 University newcomers
blossomed out in maize-and-blue
headgear-at 75 cents apiece.
Described by upper-class salesmen
as "a return to class spirit," the pots
were sold to newly-arrived freshmen
at the doors of orientation meeting
Farm Group's
Compromise
Flatly Rejected
Substitution Is Presented
To Circumvent Defeat
Of Higher Parity Plan
WASHINGTON, Sept. 28- (P)-
Apparently sensing defeat in its drive
to force higher farm parity prices into
the anti-inflation bill, the Senate
farm bloc offered a compromise today
but administration forces flatly re-
jected it.
The compromise would require
President Roosevelt to fix agricul-
tural price ceilings in such a way as
to reflect "all productive costs, in-
cluding labor." It was offered as a
substitute for the amendment by
Senators. Thomas (D-Okla.) and
Hatch (D-N.M.), which would have
altered the parity or "fair farm price"
formula by introducing farm labor
costs into it for the first time.
Present Plan Fair
Administration men complained
that the latter proposal would raise
the cost of living $3,000,000,000 to
$3,500,000,000 a year. They said the
present parity formula, which would
be the basis of ceilings under the
pending anti-inflation bill, was fair
because it reflected the price of
things the farmer buys.
After a hastily called meeting of
the Senate agriculture committee to-
day, the farm bloc leaders laid the
compromise before Senator Brown
(D-Mich.), in charge of the adminis-
tration anti-inflation bill, which calls
for stabilization of prices, wages and
salaries.
Roosevelt Opposed
Brown swiftly rejected the com-
promise, on the ground that it would
.alter the parity idea by introducing
"cost of production" factors. Presi-
dent Roosevelt has expressed unal-
terable opposition to changes in par-
ity.
Brown announced that the admin-
istration forces would fight it out on
the basis of the Thomas-Hatch
Amendment vs. a plan offered by
Senator Barkley (D-Ky.), majority
leader. This would direct the Presi-
dent to make adjustments in farm
price ceilings where such action ap-
peared necessary to increase war pro-
duction, or where the ceilings fail to
reflect increased labor costs.
Vote Demanded
Democratic leader Barkley of Ken-
tucky, warning his colleagues "the
country is growing impatient for ac-
tion," called for a session tomorrow
opening at 11 a. m., an hour earlier
than usual, and announced he would
seek a vote before adjournment not
only on pending amendments, "but
the entire bill."

rooms in the Union. Sales were han-
dled by The Wolverines, a new addi-
tion to the University scene, and pro-
ceeds were reported destined for
Michigan cheerleaders.
Non-Purchasers Like 'Em
The pots received a varied recep-
tion, with most enthusiasm coming
from non-purchasers. Freshmen re-
ported that "they wouldn't let us out
of the Union without them" and told
of traditional paddling threats fer
members of the class of '46 caught on
campus with their pots down.
Dave Striffler, a spokesman for the
Wolverines denied that any attempt
had been made to force sale of the
freshman caps and declared, "No
freshman has ever been ordered to
buy a pot. They've just been told it's
the thing to do."
Get Ticket First
Under the sales system adopted by
Wolverine members, no freshman was
actually given a cap in an "over-the-
counter" transaction in the Union.'
Instead, prospective pot purchasers
bought tickets in the Union which'
they presented for their caps at a
local sport shop.
Harold Trick, manager of the store
handling the pots told The Daily last
night that the Men's Judiciary Coun-
cil had made arrangements for the
sale last spring. Judiciary Council
members also specified the change
from a grey pot-used previously for
fraternity pledges and engineering
freshmen-to the present maize-and-
blue cap, he explained,
A Much Better Pot"
"Although we sold the pots over
our counter last year for 65 cents, this
year's cap is a much better pot," he
said.
Trick pointed out that the pots
were sold by his store to The Wolver-
ines at cost and that the Wolverines
were "charging a very fair price,
about what we would have sold them
for."
Questioned as to the possible di-
x ersion of cloth needed for the war
effort to these pots, Trick declared
that all material used in the caps had
been made up before the war and
that "the government couldn't use
this type of cloth."
Trick's store has handled sales of
pots to fraternity initiates in the past
but this is the first time in approxi-
mately ten years, according to Uni-
versity authorities, that any attempt
has been made to distribute freshman
"labels" on a campus-wide basis.
The 'Oomph Girl'
Is FreeAgain!
HOLLYWOOD, Sept. 28-(IP)-Ann
Sheridan and George Brent of the
movies are separating.
Brent came here today from Ox-
nard, Calif., where he is a civilian air
corps instructor, and announced that
he and Ann would go their separate
ways hereafter.
Brent said the matter of "an im-
mediate divorce" had not been dis-
cussed and that there was a possibili-
ty, however remote, that they might
be reunited. Both are under contract
to Warner Brothers Studio, and if he
returned to the movies probably
would be cast with her.
"This is an entirely amicable sep-
aration," Brent told newsmen. "It
is caused by divergent interests of
our separate careers."
Brent and the red-haired Ann were
married last January in Palm Beach,
Fla., after a romance of more than a
year.

36
Days,

again acknowledged
the numerical superi-
ority of the enemy as
the siege entered its
36th day.
The midnight com-
munique telling of
the grave turn for the
Stalingrad g a r r is on

said of that development:
Tank Penetration
"After, stiff fighting a group of
enemy tanks managed to penetrate
a workers settlement, where the
fighting continues. During the day
our men annihilated about two Ger-
man infantry regiments and disabled
about 50 enemy tanks."
Northwest of Stalingrad, presum-
ably above the sector where the So-
viet lines were cracking, the Russians
said their troops had killed more than
1,000 Germans and destroyed eight,
Nazi tanks in the past 24 hours.
The Red Army had been holding
generally northwest of Stalingrad
U. S. AWMEN down 49 Jap
planes and damage five enemy
ships in fierce fighting in the Sol-
omon and Aleutian Islands. Com-
plete story on Page 5.
and even gaining ground in counter-
attacks during the past week.
Inside the city savage street fight-
ing continued, but the latest com-
munique gave no details of that
struggle. Front .dispatches said at
least 36,000 German troops were en-
gaged in the swaying battle amid the
skeleton ruins of the Volga industrial
center.
Reds Advance Near Rzhev
On the central front before Moscow
the Russians reported another Red
Army advance northwest of Rzhev
after a long fight. Twenty-five in-
habited points were liberated by the
Russians, the communique said, and
big quantities of enemy equipment
either sized or destroyed. Two thous-
and German officers and men were
wiped out.
In the Caucasus the Russians ac-
knowledged German seizure of an-
other inhabited point in the Mozdok
area on the road to the Grozny oil
fields, but said that Soviet counter-
attacks had gained ground along the
Black Sea coast south of Novorossisk.
More than 1,200 Germans and Ru-
manians were wiped out and a num-
ber of prisoners taken in the latter
engagement, it was said.
Nazi Company Annihilated
At Sinyavino east of Leningrad
where the Germans had driven a
wedge into the Russian positions, the
communique said the Red Army had
dislodged the enemy from an impor-
tant height, annihilating one Ger-
man infantry company and destroy-
ing three tanks and two armored
cars.
By ground transport and by plane,
the German commanders pressed
more forces into action against Stal-
ingrad, which is relying on the heav-
ily-bombed Volga for its communica-
tions. Despite giant losses, the Ger-
mans in some quarters were able to
improve their positions. In others,
they lost ground to the Russian
counter-assaults.
Nazi Encirclement Fails
Elements of at least four German
divisions-the 71st and 76th infantry
and the 14th and 24th tank-strug-
gled to break down the Russian re-
sistance within the city, seeking to
cut it into pieces where frontal and
encircling attacks have failed.
Battle dispatches said Stalingrad
was literally "in convulsions" from in-

War Hits Home To Frosh:
Entering Class Describes Plans
For Its Work InWinning War

This year's crop of freshmen is not
kidding itself about the war, and
what it means to them. After last
ight's talks by President Ruthven
and Deans Bursley and Lloyd,-several
freshmen were interviewed by a Daily
reporter, who asked each one:
"How do you expect to coordinate
your work as a student of the Uni-
versity with your responsibilities in
the war effort?"
'Mickey' Johnson, Detroit, 18, Lit.,
"I am studying nursing and hope
eventually to go overseas with the
Army or Navy."
Larry Burdick, Kalamazoo, 17, Lit.,
"Besides taking Naval ROTC. I'm

Lit., "Until I am called up, which
won't be very long, I'm going to get
some training in Army ROTC."
Janine Robinson, St. Louis, Mich.,
17, Lit., "My schedule will be ar-
ranged to permit plenty of after-
school work in first aid and other
Red Cross activities."
John Theriault, Rochester, Mich.,
19, Pre-Med., "Until I can talk my
parents into letting me enlist I'll
study as hard as possible. Meanwhile
I'll also take Army ROTC."
Rod Everhart, Macatawa, Mich., 17,
Eng., "I'll study as much areo-en-
gineering as I can, in preparation for

PLENTY OF DOUGH, BUT NO DOPE
$20,000 Allocated For Annex

A $20,000 allocation from the state
war fund was approved yesterday to
provide the University with extra
training space for specialists in the
Army and Navy.
TI was i enorted that the money

they knew that the petition had been
submitted, denied knowledge of any
definite plans for such a building.
President Alexander G. Ruthven ex-
plained that, "The funds are to be
used to provide added training space
requested by the Army and Navy."

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