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October 17, 1942 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-10-17

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JLI

it1ltr

4 aiti

WPeather
Little Change

VOL. LIII No. 12 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, OCT. 17, 1942

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U.S.
* * *

Stand

In

Solomons

Becomes

Grave

* * *

* * *

* *

45,000 To See Michigan

Meet

* * *

* * *

Northwestern

Senate Group
Unanmousl
Approves New
DraftAge Bill
Military Committee Vote
To Take 18-19-year-Oh
Youths; House Arrange
To Pass Same Measur
Draftees To Finish
Academic Terms
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Oct. 16.-(P)-Th
Senate Military Committee unani
mously voted out a bill to draft youth
of 18 and 19 today while the Hous
arranged to consider and pass a sim
ilar measure tomorrow..
The legislation was requested b
President Roosevelt in his speech o
last Monday. Foreseeing little or n
opposition, Congressional leaders se
about placing the bill in Mr. Roose
velt's hands at the earliest possibl
moment.
While the House stood 'ready to ac
at once, an obstacle to immediate
passage arose today in the Senate
Senator McNary (R-Ore.), the Re-
publican floor leader, pointed ou
that many members of the S'enate re-
turned to their states a week ag
upon the assurance of the adminis-
tration leadership that no major leg-
islation would be taken up for severa
weeks.
Under the circumstances, although
heartily in favor of the bill, McNary
said he would feel obliged to oppose
any motion to take the bill up until
the absentees have been notified and
given an opportunity to return.
Thus, while Senate leaders had
planned to bring the bill before the
Senate on Tuesday, it appeared that
it probably would not come up before
Thursday or Friday, or possibly not
until the following week.
The measure approved by the
Senate committee today was draft-
ed by Senator Gurney (R-S.D.) It
would amend the Selective Service
Act to make the draft apply to men
between 18 to 45 years old-instead
of 20 to 45, as at present.
It includes a provision -that stu-
dents at a high school or similar edu-
cational institution, if ordered to re-
port for induction during the second
half of their school year, shall upon
request receive deferment until the
academic year is ended.
This clause was the source of oneI
of two controversies foreseen in
connection with the issue. The
House bill, by contrast, would grant
students at high schools, colleges
and universities deferment, when-
ever called, until the end of the
present academic year. After July
1, 1943, no educational deferments
would be granted.
The second controversy involved a
proposal which was rejected by. the
military committees of both houses.
It would forbid the army to send sol-
diers into combat with less than a
year's training. It was expected that
this plan would be revived on the
floor of both House and Senate.
88 Thousand Michigan
Youths May Be Drafted
LANSING, Oct. 16.- (')-Approxi-
mately 88,000 Michigan youths in the
18 and 19-year-old age group may be
called to the colors if Congress de-
cides to draft them, it was reported
today by officials of the State Selec-
tive Service headquarters.

The officials said about 110,000
boys of that age'resided in Michigan
and predicted that about 20 per cent
of them would be physically ineligi-
ble.
The first of the group will be in-
ducted within six or seven weeks of
the time Congress passes the neces-
sary legislation, it was indicated. A
minimum of 38 days is required to
"process" a draftee, it was said.

e.
S.
e
s
e
Y
Ii
0)

Joins Varsity In Homecoming Game

INazis Peril

n

TOM KUZMA
* *

By BUD HENDEL
(Daily Sports Editor)
Michigan's Wolverines, inaugurating their 1942 bid for the Western
Conference title, will hurl their maximum potential strength at a desperate,
band of Northwestern Wildcats in Michigan Stadium today.
The kickoff is scheduled for three p.m., and a wartime homecoming
crowd of 45,000 spectators, the largest grid gathering of the year in Ann
Arbor, is expected to witness this battle between two of the outstanding
contenders for the Conference crown.
Forged to the white-hot pitch of desperation and determination, North-
western players and coaches have vowed that they would not lapse into
the lethargy which allowed an underdog Purdue team to upset them last
r week by a score of 7-6. Pointing to a brilliant backfield, headed by sensa-
tional Otto Graham, and boasting of a tough, durable line fortified by two
of the nation's finest ends, Bob Motl and Bud Hasse, the Wildcats moved
into town with only the thoughts of victory and vengeance foremost in their
minds.
Losers in two out of three games to date, but victors over a powerful
Texas aggregation, the Wildcats will toss every stick of gridiron ability they
possess on the flaming competitive <
fire to show the nation that they are
a better team than the records indi-
cate.RegentsMee;
With spirit sharpened and unham-.
pered by injuries, they hope to take M ake Shifts
the first step on the long road back
at Michigan's expense today. Notn
since 1937 has Northwestern bested
the Maize and Blue on the gridiron,
and all Wildcat efforts will be focused The Board of Regents, meeting yes-
on that purpose when the two power- terday, shuffled the personnel of war-
ful teams clash today, for the 16th te
time since they first met in 1892. short departments, made new ap-
But Michigan, too, is primed for pointments, granted several leaves-
this battle. Defeated by the crushing of-absence and approved gifts to the
Iowa Seahawks last week, the Wol- University.
verines put up the kind of a fight that D
only a great football team can. And Dr. James Deacon Bruce was grant-
the Wolverines don't expect to lose ed retirement as of his 70th birthday
any of that fight today. Fortified by and was awarded the title of Vice
experience and confident in their own President-Emeritus. Dean Albert C.
progress, the Wolverines will take to Furstenberg of the School of Medi-
the field with a full awareness of the
underrated power of the unpredict- cine was appointed Medical Adviser
able Northwestern invaders. to the University Health Service, re-
Michigan, too, is determined. Open- placing Dr. Bruce.
ing its Conference season, the Maize Davis Resigns
and Blue eleven will be seeking the Prof. Charles M. Davis, Director of
championship which has evaded it
by a scant game for the past four Admissions with Advanced Standing
years. With all Wolverine eyes on an in the literary college, resigned his
Turn To Page 3, Col. 1 post and was granted leave of ab-
sence from his professorship in the
Byrnes I n f o rfms geography department to serve with
Cabinet Of Need the Navy.
Prof. Frank O. Copley of the Latin
For Direct Action Department was appointed in Prof.
Davis' place and his appointment as
academic counsellor was cancelled.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 16.- UP)- In A gift of $1,400 from the Rockefel-
blunt language, James F. Byrnes to- her Foundation to aid studies of
day informed cabinet officers and teaching English to Latin-American
other high - ranking officials that students was accepted. The Michigan
there must be no long drawn-out dis- Gas Association gave $750 for a fel-
putes about economic stabilization lowship in chemical engineering for
and that he himself would resolve all 1942-43.
disagreements swiftly. $500 Gift Raised
At the first meeting of the officials, A scholarship gift of $500 was re-

Volga Area
In New Gain
Stalingrad Forces Battered
By Enemy Onslaughts
In Industrial District
Russians destroy
Two Axis Units
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Saturday, Oct. 17.-The
Stalingrad garrison "withdrew from
one of the city's settlements" yester-
day under the pressure of thousands
of "numerically superior" German
shock troops who were supported by
hundreds of tanks and planes in their
furious new effort to split the Red
Army defenders.
A midnight communique announc-
ing the third Russian withdrawal in
two days emphasized the peril to the
Volga River city. now in its 54th day
of siege,, and the retreat apparently
meant the Russians had abandoned
the factory district of northern Stal-
ingrad.
"in the Stalingrad area," the bulle-
tin said, "our troops are repulsing
furious attacks by numerically super-
ior enemy forces: According to pre-
liminary data during the day we de-
stroyed 43 German tanks and anni-
hilated about a regiment of enemy
infantry.'
Withdraw
"After stubborn fighting our units
withdrew from one of the city's settle-
ments."
The Russians said there was only
"fighting of local significance" north-
west of the city where a Red Army
offensive against the Nazi flank has
been under way for weeks in an effort
to ease the pressure on Stalingrad.
Two companies of Nazi infantry
and 200 Rumanians were killed in
that sector, and Red Army artillery
was reported to have destroyed five
tanks, four mortars, 16 machine guns,
two anti-tank guns and 28 enemy
blockhouses.
Mozdok Area
Indecisive but heavy fighting con-
tinued also in the Mozdok sector of
the mid-Caucasus where the Russians
said they killed approximately 400
Germans and destroyed five tanks
and an ammunition dump.
On the only other fronts mentioned
the communique said 600 enemy
troops were slain on the front west
of, Moscow "by our artillery recon-
naissance units and snipers," and the
Germans also suffered "many dead"
in an unsuccessful attack on the
northwestern, or Leningrad front.
Dr.[J. D 'ruce,
V ice-President,
RetiresAt 70
Dr. James Deacon Bruce, vice-pres-
ident in charge of University rela-
tions, was given the title of Vice-
President Emeritus yesterday when
the Board of Regents granted him
retirement as of his 70th birthday.
A leader in the development of
postgraduate study of medicine in
America, Dr. Bruce has been associ-
ated with the University since 1904
when he held the position of assistant
in Internal Medicine. During this
time he has been the University's per-
sonal representative in many state
affairs. No successor was named by
the Regents at this regular monthly
meeting.
Dr. Bruce received the degree, Doc-
tor of Medicine, from the Detroit Col-
lege of Medicine and Surgery in 1896.
After graduation he engaged in gen-

eral practice of medicine in Michigan
for several years.
During World War I Dr. Bruce
served as a captain in the medical
corps of the Canadian Army and later
as a major in the medical corps ofE
the United States Army.

By LEON GORDENKER
The 4,000 students in Hill Auditor-
ium last night understood no Rus-
sian, but the spirit behind stocky Sov-
iet Lieut. Liudmila Pavlichenko's
words brought cheer after cheer.
In the tough tones of the trenches,
Pavlichenko spoke of her enemy,
gritted out "fashishta" and the stu-
dents recognized the word with a
great shout. When they heard the
"Stalingrada" they boomed out a
louder applause.
Lieutenant Pavlichenko smiled
from the platform during the transla-
tion of her words, lowered her eyes at
the repeated cheers for the substitut-
ed English words.
"I cut my hair short only after war
broke out," Lieutenant Pavlichenko
said as she told of her struggle to be-
come "one of the privileged youth"
who fought the Nazis.
That personal victory started her
"personal account with the enemy,"
she said. The first three entries were
careless Rumanian soldiers who put
their heads too far out of the trenches
near Odessa..
The soldier who fought alone to
tally a score of 309 Nazis showed her
awareness that her country was be-
hind her when she said: "All our cit-
izens have rallied for the defense of
our country."
And she said of- the Second Front:
"The Soviet people are still waiting!"
"Forward, friends, to the 'complete
victory over Fascism!" she said as'she

concluded her short speech.
The furious fighting on the Rus-
sian front was brought home by Hom-
er D. Swander, Managing Editor of
The Daily.
"We wish, down inside of us, that
we had done as much to stop the
ruthless march of fascism," Swander
said as 4,000 students cheered back
their approval.
Applause interrupted him again
when he said that students want
nothing better "than a chance to
blast hell out of the Nazis!"
Swander told students that their
part in the war was to "give up cam-
pus-as-usual - . . spend a little more
.time winning this war" by joining the
Manpower Mobilization Corps.
"It only asks that we put winning
this war first," he said.
The ideological solidarity of the
youth of the United Nations was
voiced by Paul Lim-Yuen, spokesman
for the 24 campus representatives of
the United Nations.
"The. youth of the United Nations
have a common credo," Lim-Yuen
said.
That credo is supported by "a revo-
lutionary kind of unity. We have no
choice between revolution and any-
thing else."
It is a revolution of ideology, a un-
ity of hope which can be made fact,
he said, emphasizing the necessity of
not forgetting "the thinking emer-
gency."
Turn To Page 6, Col. 2

Campus War Spirit Rises.,.
A ... -

Students Cheer Fighting
Words Of Pavlichenko

Enthusiasm for the Manpower Mo-
bilization Corps, student answer to
local labor shortage in war work,
spurted last night with the rise in
campus war spirit stimulated by the
United Nations Rally.
Moving into the third day of regis-
tration with a steadily lengthening
list of members, the Manpower Corps
was recommended to the students as
an excellent method of helping their
country by Prof. John L. Brumm, of
the journalism department and Hom-
er Swander, managing editor of The
Daily.
All male students who register with
the Corps will be given jobs working
on nearby farms-with regular pay-
or doing other war work on campus
and in Ann Arbor on a voluntary ba-
sis.
Twenty Wolverines (from the Man-
power Corps) will auction the foot-
ball used in today's game to the per-
son buying most war stamps or bonds
at the game.
Listing opportunities for student
war work, Manpower Director Mary
Borman said last night, "There are
apples to be picked, scrap to be col-
Student Music
CriticSought
Daily To Sponsor Contest
In Tower Tomorrow
An open musical "Hopwood con-
test" will be conducted by members
of the music school faculty and The
Daily staff to select The Daily's music
critic for the coming year at 2:45
p. m. Sunday in Room 206, Tower.
Any student may try out for the
position. The person chosen will re-
ceive Choral Union tickets and a sal-
ary.
The procedure planned for Sunday
is this:
After hearing a sample program
each person will be allotted approxi-
mately 75 minutes to write under
pen-name a 500 word review. (He
should bring a typewriter if possible.)
The reviews will be collected at the
end of +this ntn nd nA . onmm+itt

Japanese
Reinforce

lected, beets to be topped, wooden bi-
cycle racks to be built."
You can register for the Man-
power Corps at the Stadium today.
Booths will bet set up between sec-
tions 6 and 8, and 9 and 10, for all
male students who wish to volun-
teer.J
"Every one of those jobs is impor-
tant, every one of them can be done
by us and will really help the war
effort.
"And every bit of time that we can
devote to this work will count. This
isn't a draft and there is no compul-
sion. But if any person can put in
even one afternoon every two weeks,
he will be making a real contribution.
"We are well on our way to picking
the executive board, and should have
it chosen by tomorrow afternoon.
Everything depends on the students,l
and it looks like they are at last ready
to get into this war."
Vichy Reports:
Aerial Activity
In Dakar Area
LONDON, Saturday, Oct. 17.- (IP)
-The Vichy radio announced last
night that a French naval air officer
was killed in combat over West Africa
last Sunday, and the Germans pre-!
faced their broadcast of this news
with a statement saying "fighting
activities have started over Dakar."
Captain Dailliere, described as aI
flight officer stationed at the strate-
gic base of Dakar, died in an aerial
engagement, and while neither Vichy
nor Berlin identified his opponent,
their meaning was clear-that a
member of the United Nations had
shot down the Vichy airman. .
Fighting French and British mili-
tary sources here said "no comment"
on the report.
For weeks now the Germans have
been warning of an impending Allied
attack on Dakar, possibly with the
hope of gaining concessions for them-
selves in Africa, and also no doubt
through genuine fear of a possible
Allied second front in that area.
Captain Dailliere "fell in African
skies in defense of the French Em-
pire and of French unity," the Vichy
radio said in quoting Vice-Admiral

Positions
American Troops Shelled
In Guadalcanal Sector;
Huge EnemyFleet Seen
Knox Expresses
Hope For Victory
By WILLIAM F. FRYE
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON, Oct. 16.-(P)-The
peril of American troops in the Solo-
mons increased ominously today as
the Japanese, having landed large
reinforcements with heavy equipment
on Guadalcanal, began shelling the
American positions there with field
artillery.
Moreover, the Navy reported in a
communique that a large group of
enemy ships had been sighted near
Shortland Island in the northwestern
Solomons in addition to the various
units of transports and warships
which have been pouring men ashore
and shelling the American emplace-
ments on Guadalcanal.
Details Lacking
Details of the bitter ground fight-
ing were lacking, however, and there
'was no' indication that the Japanese,
although heavily reinforced with
troops and equipment, had succeeded
thus far in forcing the Marines out
of any of the territory they had occu-
pied.
A cautious expression of hope for
victory was voiced late today by Sec-
retary of the Navy Knox. Asked at a
press conference whether he thought
the American positions could be held,
he replied:
"I certainly hope so, I expect so.
I don't want to make any predictions,
but every man out there, afloat and
ashore, will give a good account of
himself."
Knox Hopeful
When a reporter, misunderstanding
him, asked Knox if he had said, "I
bet so," the secretary replied rather
sharply, "Oh, don't try to pi me
down on a specific word."
"Of course, every American hopes
we will win," he added, "but there's
no concealing there's a good stiff,
tough fight on which has not yet been
determined."
Until today, there has been no indi-
cation that the Japanese possessed
any artillery to turn against the
American forces since the Marines,
with Navy support, launched their
surprise attack and wrested the im-
portant Guadalcanal - Tulagi area
from the enemy early in August.
Navy Quiet
For obvious reasons, the Navy gave
no hint of any counter measures
planned to nullify the renewed Nip-
ponese offensive in its fifth critical
day. However, it was recalled here
that Admiral Chester W. Nimitz,
commander-in-chief of the Pacific
Fleet, had said only yesterday at
Pearl Harbor that the Marines on
Guadalcanal were "effectively meet-
ing every force that the enemy has
hurled at them."
The communique this afternoon
disclosed for the first time that some
of tle Navy's motor torpedo boats, of
a type which scored so heavily against
enemy invasion fleets in the Philip-
pines last winter, were operating with
the American forces in the Solomons.
Enemy warships shelling the Army-
Navy-Marine forces on Guadalcanal
from positions northward of the is-
land on the night of October 14-15
were attacked by the torpedo boats,
which reported a probable hit on a
cruiser.
All men who have not yet regis-
tered with the Michigan Union are
urged to do so immediately. Regis-

Itrgfa ion s cntinuing: each 2after-

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